棋牌大全下载安装

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                      1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 法律论文 > 知识产权的私权本质及其公权化趋势

                        知识产权的私权本质及其公权化趋势

                        时间:2018-12-12 10:19作者:黄星
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于知识产权的私权本质及其公权化趋势的文章,知识产权本身具备将私权向公权化转变的特点,因而二者在动态的过程中逐渐形成了一个有机的整体,但却又相互独立。在这种关系之下,让知识产权的公权性得到了更加明显的体现,同时还能够保证其私权属性不受影响。

                          摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 自改革开放以来,我国的市场经济获得了快速发展,而知识产权这一概念开始被更多的人所关注。在传统的层面来说,知识产权应该属于私权的范畴,但是随着社会的变化,公权力逐渐介入到知识产权当中,使得当前知识产权出现了公权化的趋向。探讨知识产权的私权属性以及公权化趋势,提出在对知识产权加强保护的过程中,应该将公权属性作为关键点,但同时也不能忽视其本身的私权属性。

                          关键词: 知识产权; 私权属性; 公权化趋势;

                          DANGQIANWOGUOZHUJIANMAIRULESHUZIJINGJISHIDAI,DASHUJUDEJINYIBUYINGYONGYIJIXINXIJISHUDEKUAISUFAZHAN,SHIDEDALIANGDEZHISHIDOUCHENGXIANZAIRENMENMIANQIAN,ZHISHICHANQUANYIJINGKAISHICHUXIANLESIQUANXIANGGONGQUANBIANHUADEQUSHI。XIANJIEDUAN,RUGUOCONGBIANZHENGDEJIAODULAIKAN,NEIMEZHISHICHANQUANDESIQUANSHUXINGSHIQIBENZHI,GONGQUANZESHIQIFALVGUANXIDEJICHU,XUYAODUIQIPINGHENGZHUANGTAIGENGJIADIZHONGSHI,TONGSHIYEYINGGAIJINYIBUJIAQIANGDUIQIBAOHU。YOUCIKEJIAN,YANJIUZHISHICHANQUANSIQUANSHUXINGYIJIGONGQUANHUAQUXIANGSHISHIFENYOUBIYAODE。

                          一、知识产权的私权属性

                          (一)私权属性概述

                          ZAIWOGUOXIANXINGDEMINFADANGZHONG,ZHISHICHANQUANSHIQIZHONGYIXIANGZHONGYAODENEIRONG。ZHISHICHANQUANBENSHENJUYOUFEICHANGMINGXIANDESIQUANSHUXING。RUGUOYAOBAOZHENGZAIJIAOYIGUOCHENGZHONGJUYOUGUIFANXING,JIUXUYAODUIQISUOYOUZHEBENSHENDEQUANLIJINXINGXIANGXIDEHUAFEN,CONGERNENGGOUGENGHAODIHESHICHANGJINXINGPIPEI。YOUCIKEJIAN,DAIYOUSIQUANSHUXINGDEZHISHICHANQUANJUYOUFEICHANGMINGXIANDETEDIANHETEZHENG,NENGGOUZAIZUIDACHENGDUSHANGWEIHUSHEHUIDEGONGPING,WENDINGRENXIN。DANSHI,ZAIDUIZHISHICHANQUANJINXINGWEIHUSHI,YEYINGGAIZHUYILIDU,BUNENGGOUBAOHUGUODU,YIMIANCHUXIANQITABUBIYAODEWENTI。CONGWOGUODUIZHISHICHANQUANDEBAOHULICHENGLAIKAN,YIJINGYOUHENZHANGDESHIJIAN,BINGQIESUIZHESHIDAIDEFAZHANYEJINXINGLEGAIBIANHEWANSHAN[1]。

                          DUIYUZHISHICHANPINLAISHUO,WOGUOXIANGGUANFALVDEBUDUANWANSHANHEFENGFU,BINGQIEZHUJIANJIAQIANGLEBAOHULIDU。SIQUANSHUXINGSHIZHISHICHANQUANBENSHENSUOJUBEIDEJICHUTEZHENG。YOUCIKEJIAN,QISIQUANSHUXINGYESHISHIFENZHONGYAODE,DUIQIJINXINGBAOHUJIUSHIDUIZUOZHESIQUANDEBAOHU,YIDANFASHENGQINQUANWENTI,SUOYOUZHEKEYIANZHAOWOGUODEXIANGGUANFALVLAIBAOZHENGZISHENDELIYIBUSHOUSUNHAI。

                          (二)私权属性的特征

                          就知识产权私权属性来说,在研究时应该将民事权利作为着手点,其本身虽然并不具备与民事权利相关的特点,但知识产权和民事权利有着从属关系。有关知识产权私权属性的研究就需要借助民事权利来开展。在资本主义社会,对知识产权进行制度化管理,但是仍然保留着私权属性,对知识产权的管理和维护就是对民事权利的公开监督。随着市场经济的不断发展,商品交易逐渐变得更加频繁,因而只有明确知识产权,才能够保证市场交易的稳定[2]。如果将知识产权简单的认定为公共物品,那么可能会对市场经济的发展造成一定的负面影响。知识产权具有十分明显的排他性特点。由此可见,对知识产权私权属性的特征进行明确,进一步加强对知识产权的保护,协调私权和公权之间的关系,已经成为当前亟待解决的一项内容。
                         

                        知识产权的私权本质及其公权化趋势
                         

                          二、知识产权的公权化趋向

                          (一)知识产权本身的特有性

                          DUIYUZHISHICHANQUANLAISHUO,QIBENSHENJUYOUSHIFENMINGXIANDETEZHENG,YINERZAIDUIQIJINXINGWEIHUSHI,YEYINGGAIJIANGGONGQUANZHUJIANNARUBAOHUDEFANCHOUDANGZHONGLAI。XIANJIEDUAN,CONGWOGUOXIANXINGDEFALVTIXINENGGOUKANCHU,DUIZHISHICHANQUANSHUXINGDEJIEDINGSHIDANGQIANYIXIANGZHONGYAONEIRONG。ZAIJINXINGJIEDINGSHI,BIXUYAOANZHAOXIANGGUANDEFALVFAGUILAIJINXING,TONGSHIXUYAOJIANGCIZUOWEISUSONGDECANKAONEIRONG,ERZHEIJIUXUYAOSUOYOUZHEJUBEIYIDINGDEFALVZHISHI,ZAIBAOHUZISHENQUANYISHINENGGOUTONGGUOFALVTUJINGLAISHIXIAN。

                          XIANJIEDUAN,WOGUOKAISHIJIADAHONGGUANDIAOKONGDEFANWEI,ERZHISHICHANQUANYECHENGWEINENGGOUZHANXIANGUOJIAYIZHIDEYIXIANGZHONGYAOQUANLI。SUIZHESHEHUIDEBUDUANFAZHAN,WOGUODUIYUZHISHICHANQUANDEBAOHULIDUYESUIZHIJIADA,ZHEIJIUXIANSHICHUZHISHICHANQUANGONGQUANHUAYEZAIBUDUANJIAKUAI。YINCI,XIANJIEDUANDEZHISHICHANQUANBUNENGGOUZAIJINJINJUBEISIQUANSHUXING,HAIYINGGAIJIANGGONGQUANZHUJIANRONGRUQIZHONG,CAINENGGOUSHIYINGSHEHUIDEFAZHAN。

                          (二)知识产权法价值的实现

                          XIANJIEDUAN,WOGUODUIYUZHISHICHANQUANYOUXIANGXIDEGUIDING,ZHUYAOMUDEJIUSHIRANGGENGDUORENDUIYUQISUOYOUQUANYIJIGONGQUANYOUGENGDUODELEJIE,BINGQIENENGRANGQIZISHENFAZHANYUGUOJIADEFAZHANYOUGENGWEIMIQIEDEGUANXI。ZAICIBEIJINGZHIXIA,TONGGUOXIANGGUANFALVDEBUDUANYINDAO,NENGGOURANGZHISHICHANQUANFADEJIAZHIDEDAOGENGJIACHONGFENDEZHANXIAN[3]。ZHISHICHANQUANYUQITACHANQUANSHIJUYOUCHAYIXINGDE,BUNENGJINJINDUIZHISHICHANQUANSUOYOURENDEQUANYIJINXINGBAOHU,HAIXUYAOZAISUOYOUQUANDEWEIHUHEGONGGONGQUANYIZHIJIANXUNZHAOYIGEPINGHENGDIAN[4]。ZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGDANGZHONG,JIUXUYAOGUOJIALAIJINXINGDIAOKONG,JINERRANGERZHENENGGOUDADAOYIGEPINGHENGDEZHUANGTAI。

                        棋牌大全下载安装   XIANJIEDUAN,ZHISHICHANQUANDESHUXINGZAIFALVZHONGDETIXIAN,JIUSHISIFAHEGONGFADEPINGHENG。SHEHUIDEBUDUANFAZHAN,HENDUOGUOJIADOUDUIZHISHICHANQUANJIADALEGUANLIDELIDU,SHENZHISHAOBUFENGUOJIAHAIXUYAODUIQIJINXINGDANDUDEQUEREN,TONGSHIHAIZENGJIALEXIANGYINGDEGUANLIZHINENG。ERDAOLE20SHIJI,YIBUFENGUOJIAKAISHIJIANGSIFAZHUJIANXIANGGONGFAHUAJINXINGZHUANBIAN,XUDUODEJIEXIANZHUJIANMOHU。YINCI,WEILENENGGOUSHIXIANSIQUANHEGONGZHONGLIYIZHIJIANDEPINGHENG,RENGRANXUYAOMINGQUEZHISHICHANQUANLAISHIYINGDANGQIANKUAISUFAZHANDESHEHUI。

                          (三)利益平衡

                          XIANJIEDUAN,WOGUODUIYUZHISHICHANQUANDEBAOHULIDUFEICHANGDA,DANSHIZAICIGUOCHENGZHONGRENGRANXUYAOBAOXUNXUJIANJIN,CAINENGGOUGENGHAODIJIANGQIYUGONGZHONGLIYIJINXINGPINGHENG。YOUCIKEJIAN,GUOJIARENGRANYINGGAIJINYIBUSHIYONGGONGQUANLAIJINXINGGANYUHUOZHEXIEDIAO,CAINENGGOUGOURANGZHISHICHANQUANHUODEGENGHAODEFAZHAN。CONGMUQIANDEQINGKUANGLAIKAN,ZHISHICHANQUANBUZAISHISIQUAN,GONGQUANYEZHUJIANCHENGWEIQIZHONGYAODEYIZHONGSHUXING,NENGGOUFANYINGCHUDANGQIANSHEHUIDEZHUANGKUANG。GUOJIAXUYAOZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEFALVFAGUI,JIYUCHUANGZUOZHEYIDINGDEFALVQUANLI,DUIQIJINXINGBAOHUHEKONGZHI,CAINENGGOUCUJINZHISHICHANQUANGENGHAODEFAZHAN,JINYIBUMANZURENMENDUIYUXIANGGUANCHANPINDEXUQIU。

                          三、结论

                        棋牌大全下载安装   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZHISHICHANQUANBENSHENJUBEIJIANGSIQUANXIANGGONGQUANHUAZHUANBIANDETEDIAN,YINERERZHEZAIDONGTAIDEGUOCHENGZHONGZHUJIANXINGCHENGLEYIGEYOUJIDEZHENGTI,DANQUEYOUXIANGHUDULI。ZAIZHEIZHONGGUANXIZHIXIA,RANGZHISHICHANQUANDEGONGQUANXINGDEDAOLEGENGJIAMINGXIANDETIXIAN,TONGSHIHAINENGGOUBAOZHENGQISIQUANSHUXINGBUSHOUYINGXIANG。ZAIDUIZHISHICHANQUANJIAQIANGBAOHUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGGAIJIANGGONGQUANSHUXINGZUOWEIGUANJIANDIAN,DANTONGSHIYEBUNENGHUSHIQIBENSHENDESIQUANSHUXING。YINCI,ZAISHEDINGSHIJIDEBAOHUHEGUANLICUOSHISHI,YINGGAIZHUYIERZHEDEPINGHENGGUANXI[5]。

                          参考文献

                          [1] 牛东芳.知识产权私权属性的“三维度”论证[J].中州大学学报,2018,35(05):52-57.
                          [2] 严新龙.知识产权权利属性再思考——一种对“私权公权化”的反思[J].科技管理研究,2017,37(02):151-155.
                          [3] 应凯宁.浅谈知识产权的私权属性及其公权化趋向[J].法制与社会,2016(30):291-292.
                          [4] 吴威.解析知识产权的私权属性及其公权化趋向[J].法制与社会,2013,(8):267-268.
                          [5] 周作斌,李延禹.论知识产权私权公权化的原因及趋势[J].西安财经学院学报,2010,23(4):101-104.

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