棋牌大全下载安装

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              当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 法律论文 > 网约车新政限制条件与公平竞争探析

              网约车新政限制条件与公平竞争探析

              时间:2019-03-02 14:32作者:叶雪清
              本文导读:这是一篇关于网约车新政限制条件与公平竞争探析的文章,2016年7月,《关于深化改革推进出租汽车行业健康发展的指导意见》与《网络预约出租汽车经营服务管理暂行办法》的发布,明确了网约车行业的市场地位及其发展方向。随后,包括杭州、南京在内的20余个城市相继制定了实施细

                摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 近年来,网约车市场不断扩大,随之而来的诸如安全问题和交通问题只增不减,各地纷纷加强了网约车领域的监管。但各地网约车新政的部分限制条件过于严苛,其中不乏限制市场公平竞争因素。文章拟从公平竞争的视角,基于平等原则、竞争优先原则以及比例原则对网约车新政的主要限制条件进行评析,并提出完善公平竞争审查制度、放宽市场准入标准等优化路径,以博得网约车有效监管和市场竞争公平有序进行之双赢局面的实现。

                关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 网约车; 新政; 公平竞争; 竞争政策; 比例原则;

                Abstract:棋牌大全下载安装 In recent years,the market of online car hailing has been expanding,and the following problems,such as safety problems and traffic problems,have only increased,and all regions have strengthened the supervision of online car hailing. However,some of the restrictions in the new policies are too strict,among which there are many factors restricting fair market competition. From the perspective of fair competition,based on the principle of equality,the principle of competition priority and the principle of proportion,this paper analyzes the main restrictive conditions of the new deal of online car hailing,and puts forward some optimized paths such as improving the fair competition review system and relaxing the market access standards,so as to achieve the win-win situation of effective supervision of online car hailing and fair and orderly market competition.

                Keyword:棋牌大全下载安装 online car hailing; new deal; fair competition; competition policy; proportion principle;

                2016NIAN7YUE,《GUANYUSHENHUAGAIGETUIJINCHUZUQICHEXINGYEJIANKANGFAZHANDEZHIDAOYIJIAN》YU《WANGLUOYUYUECHUZUQICHEJINGYINGFUWUGUANLIZANXINGBANFA》(YIXIACHENG《BANFA》)DEFABU,MINGQUELEWANGYUECHEXINGYEDESHICHANGDIWEIJIQIFAZHANFANGXIANG。SUIHOU,BAOKUOHANGZHOU、NANJINGZAINEIDE20YUGECHENGSHIXIANGJIZHIDINGLESHISHIXIZE。GEDISHISHIXIZEDEZHIDINGWEIWANGYUECHEXINGYEDEGUIZHITIGONGLESHIDINGFAYIJU,DANXIZEZHONGZHIDINGDEZHUNRUTIAOJIAN(RUBENDIHUJI)BUJINHELI,XIANZHILEWANGYUECHESHICHANGDEGONGPINGJINGZHENG,CHANYEZHENGCEYUJINGZHENGZHENGCEZHIJIANDEBOYIYIFUCHUSHUIMIAN。BENWENZHIZAITANXIGEDISHISHIWANGYUECHEXINZHENGDEZHUNRUTIAOJIANDUISHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENGZHIXUDEYINGXIANG,JINERTICHUXINZHENGZHIXIANZHITIAOJIANDEYOUHUALUJING,YIQIZAIBUFANGAISHICHANGJINGZHENGZHIXUDEJICHUSHANGSHIXIANWANGYUECHEDEYOUXIAOJIANGUAN。

                一、当前各地网约车新政限制条件述要

                WANGYUECHEZUOWEIGONGXIANGJINGJISHIDAIDECHANWU,SHIHULIANWANGYUCHUZUCHESHICHANGDEJIEHE,MIBULEXUNYOUCHUZUCHEDEBUZU,MANZULERENMENGEXINGHUADECHUXINGXUQIU。CAILEWEIRENWEI,WANGYUECHEXINGYEYIKAOSHICHANGHEJISHUZIFAXINGQI,JUYOU“SHICHANGPAI”TEXING,YINGDANGJINKENENGXIANSUODUIQIDEGUIZHI。[1]DANSHIJIANZHONG,GEDIDUIWANGYUECHESHICHANGDEZHUNRUTIAOJIANZUOLEYANGEXIANZHI,YOUBEIGONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAZHIDUJIANLIDECHUZHONG。RU:YOUXIECHENGSHIYAOQIUWANGYUECHESIJIYINGJUBEIBENDIHUJI,BIRUBEIJING。BEIJINGJIAOTONGWEIRENWEI,HUJIHEPAIZHAOXIANZHIDEMUDESHIKONGZHIRENKOUGUIMO,HUANJIEBEIJINGDEJIAOTONGYALI。ERDUIYUQICHEPAILIANGHEZHOUJUDEXIANZHI,MUDESHIWEILEQIHE《BANFA》TICHUDEFAZHANYUANZE,SHIXIANCHAYIHUAJINGYING,TIGONGGAOPINZHIFUWU,QUEBAOYUNYINGANQUAN。YINWEIZHOUJUHEPAILIANGJIAODADECHELIANGKEYIDAILAICHENGZUODESHUSHIGAN。[2]GEDIDUISIJIHUJIDEXIANZHIBUWAIHUSHICHUYUDUIJIAOTONG、HUANJINGJIBIANYUGUANLI、BAOZHANGCHENGKEANQUANDEKAOLV。GEDIDUIPAIZHAOXIANZHIDEMUDEDATONGXIAOYI,ZHUYAOSHIWEILEKONGZHIRENKOUZONGLIANG,HUANJIEYONGDU,FANGZHIWURAN,BIANYUDANGDIYOUGUANJIGUANDUIQIJINXINGGUANLI。

              棋牌大全下载安装   WANGYUECHEXINZHENGDEXIANZHITIAOJIANYINFAXUEJIEREYI。HUANGJUNRENWEI,ZHONGYANGLIFADUIWANGYUECHEXINGYEDETAIDUSHISHIDUXIANZHI,GULIFAZHAN,RANERDIFANGLIFAQUECHENGXIANCHUDUIQIDEGUODUXIANZHI,ZHEISHUYUZHENGCESHUAIBIANDEJIXIANG。[3]

                二、网约车新政限制条件与公平竞争

                市场经济必须维护公平竞争的原则,令价格产生最佳的市场信号作用,实现供给与需求的平衡,而规范政府行为是维系公平竞争市场秩序的重要方面。[4](P10)公平竞争原则是市场经济高效发展的基础,任何政策措施原则上不得限制市场公平竞争。然而网约车新政的限制条件已然妨碍了市场公平竞争。
               

              网约车新政限制条件与公平竞争探析
               

                (一)有悖平等原则

                GONGPINGJINGZHENGYAOQIUSHICHANGZHUTIZAISHICHANGJINGZHENGZHONGXIANGYOUJUNDENGDEJINGZHENGJIHUI。[5](P287)PINGDENGDEJINGZHENGJIHUISHIJINGYINGZHEJINXINGGONGPINGJINGZHENGDEQIANTITIAOJIAN,WANGYUECHEXINGYEZHUNRUTIAOJIANDESHEDINGYINGDANGZUNXUNPINGDENGYUANZE。PINGDENGYUANZEBAOKUOTONGDENGQINGKUANGTONGDENGDUIDAI、HELIZHICHABIEDAIYUYIJIJIJIXINGYOUHUICUOSHISANGEFANGMIANDENEIRONG。[6]

                1.同等情况同等对待。

              棋牌大全下载安装   WANGYUECHEXINZHENGDUIHUJIHEPAIZHAOJINXINGXIANZHI,ZHUYAOSHICHUYUDUIWANGYUECHESHULIANGKONGZHIDEKAOLV。RANER,WAIDIREN、WAIDICHEJINRUBENDIWANGYUECHESHICHANGYUBENDIREN、BENDICHEJINRUBENDIWANGYUECHESHICHANGZAIJIAOTONGYONGDU、HUANJINGWURANSHANGDEYINGXIANGBINGWUERZHI。ZHIYAOKONGZHIHAOWANGYUECHEZONGLIANGHECHELIANGWEIQIPAIFANGBIAOZHUN,HUJI、CHEPAIDEBUTONGZAICONGSHIWANGYUECHEJINGYINGFUWUSHANGBINGWUBENZHICHABIE。YINCI,HUJIHEPAIZHAODEQUBIEBUGOUCHENGPINGDENGYUANZEZHONGDE“BENZHIBUTONG”,SHUYU“TONGDENGQINGKUANG”,DANQUESHOUDAOLECHABIEDUIDAI,XINGSHISHANGWEIFANLEPINGDENGYUANZE。

                2.合理之差别待遇。

              棋牌大全下载安装   PINGDENGYUANZEYAOQIUHELIZHICHABIEDAIYU。GENJUSHANGWENSUOSHU,GEDIDUIZHOUJUHEPAILIANGJINXINGXIANZHIZHUYAOSHIWEILETIGONGGAOPINZHIFUWU,BAOZHANGYUNYINGANQUAN。ERZHOUJUHEPAILIANGDEXIANZHISUIRANNENGGOUGAISHANCHENGZUOGAN,DANQIZHENGTIFUWUZHILIANGBINGBUBIRANBIZHOUJUHEPAILIANGJIAOXIAODEQICHEGAO。FUWUZHILIANGDEPINGJIABUDANYAOHECHEXINGXIANGLIANXI,TONGSHIYELIBUKAICHENGZUOGUOCHENGZHONGSIJIDEFUWUQINGKUANG(BAOKUOFUWUTAIDUJILUXIANDEXUANZE),BINGQIESIJIDEFUWUZAIZHENGTIFUWUZHILIANGZHONGSUOZHANDEBILIXIANRANGAOYUCHEXING。YINCIJIYUYUNYINGANQUAN(WUZHIJIEGUANLIAN)HECHENGZUOGANJIYUBUTONGCHEXINGDECHELIANGZAIZHUNRUTIAOJIANSHANGDEBUTONGBUJINHELI。

                3.积极性优惠措施。

                PINGDENGYUANZEYUNXUCUNZAIJIJIXINGYOUHUICUOSHI。JIJIXINGYOUHUICUOSHIDECHUZHONGSHIWEILEBANGZHURUOSHIQUNTI,SHIXIANSHIZHIPINGDENG,DANZAIHUJI、CHEPAI、ZHOUJU、PAILIANGFANGMIANDEXIANZHIBINGBUGOUCHENGDUIRUOSHIQUNTIHERUOSHIXINGYEDEBANGZHU。BENDIJUMINHEBENDICHETONGCHANGZAIBENDIGENGJUYOUSHI,ZHOUJUHEPAILIANGDADECHELIANGCHANGSHANGYEBUGOUCHENGRUOSHIQIYE。YINCI,XINZHENGSHANGSHUXIANZHIBUSHUYUJIJIXINGYOUHUICUOSHI。

                ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,WANGYUECHEXINZHENGDESHANGSHUXIANZHIWEIFANLEPINGDENGYUANZE,SHUYUBUHELIHEQISHIXINGDEZHUNRUTIAOJIAN,CONGYUANTOUSHANGXIANZHILEWANGYUECHESHICHANGDEGONGPINGJINGZHENG。

                (二)违反竞争优先原则

                GUOWUYUANYINFADE《GUANYUZAISHICHANGTIXIJIANSHEZHONGJIANLIGONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAZHIDUDEYIJIAN》(YIXIACHENG《YIJIAN》)TICHUYINGDANGBAOHUSHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENG,MINGQUELEJINGZHENGZHENGCEDEJICHUXINGDIWEI。JINGZHENGZHENGCEYUNYONGFALV、JINGJIHEXINGZHENGSHOUDUANLAIBAOHUHECUJINSHICHANGJINGZHENG,SHIYIZHONGZHIDUZHENGCE,BAOKUOXINGDONGCUOSHI、FAGUITIAOLIHEJIANCHASHISHIJIGOU。[7](P133-143)JINGZHENGZHENGCEDEMUBIAOSHICUJINSHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENG,GEDIZHENGFUWEIGUIZHIWANGYUECHESHICHANGERSHEDINGDESHANGSHUSHICHANGZHUNRUTIAOJIANYIRANXIANZHILESHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENG,JINGZHENGZHENGCEYUCHANYEZHENGCEDECHONGTUZHUBUXIANXIAN。

              棋牌大全下载安装   JINGZHENGZHENGCEYUCHANYEZHENGCEHUOQITAJIBENJINGJIZHENGCEDEXIEDIAOSHIYIGELAOSHENGCHANGTANDEWENTI。OUMENGZAICHULICHANYEZHENGCEHEJINGZHENGZHENGCEDEGUANXISHANG,TICHUCHANYEZHENGCEDESHISHIBUDEBUHELIXIANZHIJINGZHENG,TONGSHIOUZHOUFAYUANYIQUERENLEJINGZHENGZHENGCEDEYOUXIANSHIYONGDIWEI。WANGXIAOYERENWEIOUMENGDEZUOFAJUYOUKEJIANZHICHU。[8]

              棋牌大全下载安装   GONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAZHIDUDEJIANLITIXIANLEJINGZHENGYOUXIANYUANZE,CHANYEZHENGCEDESHISHIYUANZESHANGBUDEXIANZHISHICHANGDEGONGPINGJINGZHENG。BIZHERENWEI,HUJIHECHEPAIDEXIANZHISHEXIANXINGZHENGLONGDUAN,PAICHUWAIJIREN、WAIDICHEJINRUWANGYUECHESHICHANG,XIANZHILESHICHANGDEGONGPINGJINGZHENG,WEIFANLEJINGZHENGYOUXIANYUANZE。ZHOUJUHEPAILIANGDEXIANZHIZHUYAOSHIZHENDUICHEXINGDEYAOQIU,GAIXIANZHITIGAOLECHELIANGZHOUJUHEPAILIANGJIAODASHANGJIADESHICHANGJINGZHENGLI,WEIQITIGONGLEYOULIDEJINGZHENGTIAOJIAN,TONGSHIZAIWUXINGZHONGDAYALECHELIANGZHOUJUHEPAILIANGJIAOXIAODESHANGJIA。GAIXIANZHIYIBUCHONGFENDELIYOU,BUDANTIGAOLEWANGYUECHESHICHANGCHELIANGZHUNRUMENJIAN,DUIWANGYUECHESHICHANGDEJINGZHENGJINXINGLEXIANZHI,TONGSHIYEFANGAILEDUIQICHEXIAOSHOUSHICHANGDEGONGPINGJINGZHENG,WEIFANLEJINGZHENGYOUXIANYUANZE。

                (三)不符合比例原则

                《YIJIAN》YU《GONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAZHIDUSHISHIXIZE(ZANXING)》JUNDUIGONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAHUOMIANZHIDU(LIWAIGUIDING)JINXINGLEGUIDING,GAIZHIDUYUNXUYISHIDANGXIANZHIGONGPINGJINGZHENGDESHOUDUANLAICUJINSHEHUIGONGYIDESHIXIAN。GONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAHUOMIANZHIDUSHIBILIYUANZEDESHIYONG,KAOCHAMUDEYUSHOUDUANZHIJIANDEGUANLIANXINGJIGONGGONGLIYIYUSHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENGZHIXUZHIJIANDELIYIHENGLIANG,JIDUIXIANZHIGONGPINGJINGZHENGDEHELIXINGJINXINGKAOLIANG。BILIYUANZENENGYOUXIAOKONGZHIXINGZHENGQUANDEXINGSHI,SHIXIANDUOYUANLIYI,ZHUYAOBAOKUOSANXIANGZIYUANZE:

                SHOUXIAN,SHIDANGXINGYUANZEYAOQIUSUOCAIQUDECUOSHINENGGOUZENGJINHUOZHESHIXIANSUOZHUIQIUDEMUBIAO。GUANZHIMUDEZHENGDANGXINGSHIGUANZHISHOUDUANSHISHIDEQIANTI,YINCISHIDANGXINGYUANZESHENCHADENEIRONGYINGDANGBAOKUOMUDEZHENGDANGXINGSHENCHA,ERMUDEZHENGDANGYUFOUYINGDANGGENJUQISHIFOUJUYOUGONGGONGLIYIXUQIULAIJINXINGKAOLIANG。[9](P212-218)QIANWENYIDUISHANGSHUSHICHANGZHUNRUXIANZHIDEMUDEJINXINGLELUNSHU,KONGZHICHENGSHIRENKOU、HUANJIEJIAOTONGYALIJIHUANJINGZHILISHUYUGONGGONGLIYIDEFANCHOU,QIMUDEJUBEIZHENGDANGXING。JUCAIFANG,BEIJINGJUBEIJINGJIDESIJIJINZHAN3.6%,SHANGHAIJUBEIHUJIDESIJIYUE5.3%。[10]KEJIAN,YIDANDUIHUJIJINXINGXIANZHI,WANGYUECHESIJIDESHULIANGJIANGRUIJIAN,KEYIYOUXIAOKONGZHIRENKOUGUIMO,SHIXIANSHANGSHUMUBIAO。ZHIYUZAICHELIANGZHOUJUHEPAILIANGFANGMIANDEXIANZHI,ZHUYAOSHIWEILEBAOZHENGYUNYINGANQUAN,TIGONGPINZHIFUWU。YUNYINGANQUANSHEJIGONGGONGANQUAN,JUBEIZHENGDANGXING。DANZHOUJUHEPAILIANGSHIDUICHEXINGDEXIANZHI,GUANZHISHOUDUANHEGUANZHIMUBIAOZHIJIANBINGWUGUANLIANXING,BUFUHESHIDANGXINGYUANZE。RUQIANWENSUOSHU,ZHOUJUHEPAILIANGDEXIANZHIKEYITIGAOFUWUZHILIANG,DANFUWUZHILIANGYUDUOZHONGYINSUYOUGUAN,JINLAIWANGYUECHESIJISAORAOCHENGKEDEXIANXIANGLVJIANBUXIAN,ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIABULUNCHELIANGZHOUJUHEPAILIANGRUHE,YEBUNENGJICHENGKETIGONGGAOPINZHIDEFUWU。YINCI,ZHOUJUHEPAILIANGDEXIANZHIYUGAIMUDEDEGUANLIANXINGBUQIANG。

              棋牌大全下载安装   QICI,BIYAOXINGYUANZEYAOQIUSUOCAIQUDESHOUDUANYINGDUIXIANGDUIRENDEQUANYISUNHAIZUIXIAO。WANGYUECHEXINZHENGSUOSHEJIAOTONGFANGZHIHEHUANJINGWENTI,KETONGGUOKONGZHIWANGYUECHEZONGLIANGLAIFANGZHI。TONGGUOXIANZHIHUJIHEPAIZHAODEFANGSHIHUANJIEJIAOTONGHEHUANJINGWENTI,BUDANSHIDUIWAIJIRENDEQISHIXINGDAIYU,BINGQIEQINHAILEQIZIYOUXUANZEZHIYEDEQUANLI。ZHIYUZHOUJUHEPAILIANGDEXIANZHI,JIYUSHANGWENKEZHI,QIYUYUNYINGANQUANBINGBUCUNZAIYINGUOGUANXI,QIYUFUWUZHILIANGDEGAODICUNZAIRUOGUANLIANXING。GAIXIANZHIBUDANHUIZHIYUEWANGYUECHESHICHANGDEGONGPINGJINGZHENG,TONGSHIDUICHELIANGXIAOSHOUSHICHANGDEGONGPINGJINGZHENGYEZAOCHENGLEYINGXIANG。SHIXIANCHAYIHUAJINGYING,TIGONGPINZHIFUWU,YIFANGMIANKEYITONGGUOCHENGKEXIANSHANGPINGJIADEFANGSHIHUOZHEZHIJIEXIANGWANGYUECHEPINGTAIJINXINGTOUSUDEFANGSHISHIXIAN;LINGYIFANGMIANKEYITONGGUOWANGYUECHEPINGTAIDUISIJIJINXINGPEIXUN,TIGAOSIJIDEZONGHESUZHILAIDUANZHENGFUWUTAIDU,BIMIANSAORAOCHENGKEDESHIJIANZAICIFASHENG。YINCIWANGYUECHEXINZHENGDESHANGSHUXIANZHIBINGFEIDUIXIANGDUIRENSUNHAIZUIXIAODESHOUDUAN,BUFUHEBIYAOXINGYUANZE。

                ZUIHOU,JUNHENGYUANZEYAOQIUXINGZHENGXINGWEISUOZENGJINDEGONGGONGLIYIYUSUOZAOCHENGDESUNHAIYINGDANGFUHEXIAYIBILI,JISHOUDUANHEMUDEZHIJIANJUYOUJUNHENGGUANXI。[11]GENJUQIANWENSUOSHU,WANGYUECHEXINZHENGZHONGXIANZHIGONGPINGJINGZHENGDESHANGSHUZHUNRUTIAOJIANBUWANQUANFUHEBILIYUANZEDEQIANLIANGGEZIYUANZE,TONGSHIYEWEIBEILEJUNHENGYUANZE。JUTONGJI,SHANGHAI41WANMINGSIJIZHONGJUYOUHUJIDEBUDAO1WANREN,JIASHANGPAIZHAODENGXIANZHI,JINYUE2%DEWANGYUECHEFUHEYAOQIU。[12]XINZHENGSHANGSHUBUHELIZHUNRUTIAOJIANBUDANJIANGDILEXIAOFEIZHEDECHUXINGXIAOLV,SUNHAILEWAIJIRENZIYOUXUANZEZHIYEDEQUANLIYUWANGYUECHEYUNYINGPINGTAIDELIYI,TONGSHIYEDUIBEIXIANZHICHELIANG(XIAOZHOUJUHEPAILIANGCHELIANG)CHANGSHANGDEXIAOSHOUZAOCHENGBULIYINGXIANG,XIANZHILEWANGYUECHESHICHANGYIJICHELIANGXIAOSHOUSHICHANGDEGONGPINGJINGZHENG,ERXINZHENGTIXIANDESHANGSHUGONGYIYIKEYITONGGUOQITAYOUXIAODETUJINGSHIXIAN。YINCI,WANGYUECHEXINZHENGDESHANGSHUZHUNRUTIAOJIANYOUWEIJUNHENGYUANZE。

              棋牌大全下载安装   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,WANGYUECHEXINZHENGDESHANGSHUZHUNRUTIAOJIANYOUWEIBILIYUANZE,BUFUHEGONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAHUOMIANZHIDU,QIDUISHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENGDEXIANZHIBUJUBEIHELIXING。

                三、网约车新政限制条件的优化进路

                GONGXIANGFAZHANLINIANBAOKUOQUANMINGONGXIANG、QUANMIANGONGXIANG、GONGJIANGONGXIANGJIJIANJINGONGXIANGSIGEFANGMIANDENEIHAN。[13]ERWANGYUECHEXINGYESHIGONGXIANGJINGJISHIDAICUISHENGDECHANWU,ZHENGSHIGONGXIANGFAZHANLINIANZAIJINGJILINGYUDEJIANXING。QIANYISHUJI,WANGYUECHEXINZHENGDEXIANZHITIAOJIANYIRANFANGAILEWANGYUECHESHICHANGDEGONGPINGJINGZHENGZHIXU,YINGDANGJISHIYUYIXIUDING。

                (一)强化竞争政策的基础性地位

                JINGZHENGZHENGCEYIWEIHUSHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENGWEIZONGZHI,QIANGHUAJINGZHENGZHENGCEDEJICHUXINGDIWEIKEYIYOUXIAOCONGYUANTOUSHANGFANGZHILEISIWANGYUECHEXINZHENGZHONGXIANZHIGONGPINGJINGZHENGTIAOKUANDEZHIDINGYUSHISHI。SHOUXIANZAIJINGJIZHENGCETIXISHANG,YINGMINGQUEJINGZHENGZHENGCEDEJICHUXINGDIWEI,QITAJINGJIZHENGCEYUANZESHANGBUDEYUJINGZHENGZHENGCEXIANGZUO,JIWANGYUECHEXINZHENGYUANZESHANGBUYINGDANGFANGAISHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENG;QICIZAIZHIFASHANG,YINGDANGJIAQIANGFANLONGDUANZHIFA,DUIWEIFAZHUTIYIFAJINXINGCHENGCHU,YOUQIYINGDANGJIANGZHONGXINFANGZAIXINGZHENGLONGDUANXINGWEISHANG,FANGZHILEISIWANGYUECHEXINZHENGZHONGSHANGSHUBUHELIZHUNRUTIAOJIANDEZHIDING;ZAICIZAISIFASHANG,XUEXIOUZHOUFAYUANDEZUOFA,QUERENJINGZHENGZHENGCEDEYOUXIANSHIYONGDIWEI,ZHENGQUEJIESHIBINGSHIYONGSHICHANGJINGZHENGXIANGGUANFALV;ZUIHOUZAIJINGZHENGWENHUASHANG,YINGDANGDUIXINGZHENGJIGUANGONGZUORENYUANJINXINGPEIXUN,SHENHUADUIGONGPINGJINGZHENGZHONGYAOXINGDERENSHI,TONGSHIYINGDANGJIAQIANGDUISHICHANGZHUTIDEXUANCHUANJIAOYU,TIGAOQIGONGPINGJINGZHENGYISHI。

                (二)完善公平竞争审查制度

                GENJU《YIJIAN》,GONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHADEDUIXIANGBAOKUOZENGLIANGZHENGCEYUCUNLIANGZHENGCE。WANGYUECHEXINZHENGSHUYUYOUGEDIZHENGFUZHIDINGDECUNLIANGZHENGCE,TONGYANGSHIYONGGONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAZHIDUJINXINGSHIHOUSHENCHA,JISHIQUXIAOHUOXIUGAIXIANZHISHICHANGJINGZHENGDEQISHIXINGTIAOKUAN。

                GONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAMOSHIDEWANSHANSHIDUIWANGYUECHEXINZHENGJINXINGYOUXIAOSHENCHA,CUJINSHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENGDEJICHU。WOGUOCAIYONGZIWOSHENCHAMOSHIJINXINGSHENCHA,ZHONGXUEZHEGENJU“RENHERENBUNENGZUOZIJIANJIANDEFAGUAN”DUIGONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAMOSHIZHONGGOUZUOLEZHUDUOYOUYIDETANTAO。ZHANGYEMEI、GENGQIXINGTICHULESANCENGJISHENCHAMOSHI,DIYICENGJIYOUZHENGCEZHIDINGJIGUANZIXINGSHENCHA,DIERCENGJIYOUJINGZHENGZHIFAJIGOUDUIZHENGCEZHIDINGJIGUANRENWEIMEIYOUYINGXIANGJINGZHENGDEZHENGCEJIZHENGCEZHIDINGJIGUANRENWEIYOUYINGXIANGBINGQIEJINGGUOXIUGAIDEZHENGCEJINXINGSHENCHA,TONGSHIYINGDANGDUIYIJINGSHISHIDEDUIJINGZHENGCHANSHENGYINGXIANGDEZHENGCE(BAOKUOZIXINGFAXIANDEHUOQITAZHUTISHENQINGSHENCHADEZHENGCE)JINXINGSHENCHA,ZUIHOUYICENGJIYOUFANLONGDUANWEIYUANHUIDUIDIERCENGJIZHONGWUFAGONGZHENGPINGGUDEZHENGCEJINXINGSHENCHA。[14]ZHENGHEYUANRENWEIYINGDANGTONGGUOXINJIANNEISHEJIGOUDUIZHENGCEZHIDINGJIGUANDEQUANLIJINXINGZHIYUE。[15]BIZHERENWEI,SANCENGJISHENCHAKEYIYOUXIAOBAOZHENGSHENCHAJIEGUODEZHUNQUEXING,DANCHENGXUWEIMIANGUOYUFANSUO,JIANGDILESHENCHAXIAOLV,ZENGDAGONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHATUIXINGDEZULI。XINSHEJIGOUDEGOUXIANGKEYIMINGQUEZHUTIHEZHIQUANFENPEI,DANRENGXUJIEJUECHENGBEN、JIGOUYUNYINGYIJIXIAOLVDENGWENTI。ERZHURUOUMENGSUOCAIQUDEWAIBUSHENCHAMOSHI,YOUDULIYUZHENGCEZHIDINGJIGUANDEZHUTIJINXINGSHENCHA,KEYISHISHENCHAJIEGUOGENGWEIKEGUAN,DANHULVELEZHENGCEZHIDINGJIGUANDUIGAILINGYUXINGZHENGSHIWUDESHUXIDU,JIANGDILESHENCHADEXIAOLV。ZONGSHANGKAOLV,ZIWOSHENCHAMOSHIJIAOFUHEWOGUOGUOQING,MUQIANYEQUDELEJIEDUANXINGCHENGXIAO,DANSHENCHALIUYUXINGSHIHUOBUSHENCHADEQUEXIANJIDAIWANSHAN。YIFANGMIAN,SHENCHAZHUTIYINGDANGDUOYUANHUA。ZHENGCEZHIDINGJIGUANDUIXIANGGUANLINGYUSHIWUJIAOWEISHUXI,YINGDANGBAOLIUQISHENCHAQUAN,TONGSHIYINGDANGXISHOUZHUANJIAHUOZHEXIANGGUANXUEZHECANYUSHENCHA,TIGAOSHENCHAJIEGUODEZHUANYEXING。FANLONGDUANZHIFAJIGOUJUYOUFENGFUDEZHIFAJINGYAN,WEIQUEBAOSHENCHAJIEGUODEZHUANYEXING,QIYINGPAI2ZHI3RENCANJIASHENCHA,PAIYUANSHULIANGDEFUSHUKEYOUXIAOFANGZHICANSHENLIUYUXINGSHI。LINGYIFANGMIAN,YINGDANGWANSHANJIANDUJIZHI。CHULEQIANSHUCANSHENSANFANGZHUTIXIANGHUJIANDUZHIWAI,SHANGJIJIGUANJIFANLONGDUANZHIFAJIGOUYINGJINXINGSHIHOUBUDINGSHICHOUCHA,DUCUXIANGGUANZHUTIJISHILVXINGZHIZE。TONGSHIYINGGOUJIANGONGZHONGJIANDUYOUXIAOLUJING,RUJIANGSHENCHABAOGAOGONGKAIJIXIHUAGONGZHONGSHENQINGSHENCHADECHENGXUYIBIANQIJINXINGYOUXIAOJIANDU。

                (三)适当放宽网约车市场准入标准

                QUANGUORENDADAIBIAOCAIJIMINGRENWEIXINZHENGYINGDANGJINXINGGONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHA,QUXIAOZHOUJU、PAILIANGDENGBUHELIXIANZHI,BUFENDAIBIAOWEIYUANYIYUXIANGLIANGHUITIJIAOXIANGGUANJIANYIYUTIAN。[16]CIQIANHANGZHOUYIDUIHUJIXIANZHIZUOLEXIANGYINGXIUGAI,YAOQIUSIJIJINXUMANZUZAIBENSHIBANLISHENFENXINXIDENGJIJIKE。WANGYUECHEXINZHENGDESHANGSHUTIAOJIANSHEXIANXINGZHENGLONGDUAN,XIANZHILESHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENG,SUNHAIDUOFANGZHUTILIYI,YINGDANGJINXINGXIUGAI,SHIDANGFANGKUANWANGYUECHESHICHANGDEZHUNRUBIAOZHUN。HUJIXIANZHIGOUCHENGDUIWAIJIRENDEQISHI,YINGFANGKUANWEI“JUBEIBENSHIJUZHUZHENG”YIHUANJIEJIAOTONGYALI,TIGAOCHUXINGXIAOLV;PAIZHAOXIANZHIYINGXIUGAIWEI“ZAIBENSHIDENGJI”,YINRUWAIDICHECUJINWANGYUECHESHICHANGDECHONGFENJINGZHENG,TONGSHIPAIZHAODENGJIYIKEDADAOBIANYUGUANLIDEMUDE。ERZHOUJUHEPAILIANGDEXIANZHIYUYUNYINGANQUANWUGUAN,GAIXIANZHISHISHUBUHELIDEQISHIXINGTIAOKUAN,YINGJISHIQUXIAO。ZHENGCEZHIDINGJIGUANYINGDANGJISHILVXINGZHUDONGSHENCHAQUAN,DUIXINZHENGSHANGSHUZHUNRUTIAOJIANANZHAOGONGPINGJINGZHENGSHENCHAZHIDUDEYAOQIUJINXINGSHENCHABINGXIUGAI。SHANGJIJIGUAN、FANLONGDUANWEIYUANHUIJIYOUGUANJINGZHENGZHIFAJIGOURENWEIXINZHENGZHIDINGJIGUANBULVXINGSHENCHAZHIZESHI,YINGDANGJIANYIGAIJIGUANJINXINGSHENCHABINGXIUGAI。

                参考文献

                [1] 蔡乐渭.网约车新政下的规制博弈空间[J].领导科学,2017,(8).
                [2] 北京市交通委.《北京市关于深化改革推进出租汽车行业健康发展的实施意见》等政策文件解读问答[EB/OL].(2015-12-21)[2017-05-31].http://zhengce.beijing.gov.cn/library/192/34/738532/108371 /index.html.
                [3] 黄军.网约车监管领域公平竞争审查制度实施探析[J].竞争政策研究,2017,(6).
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                [5] 刘大洪.法经济学视野中的经济法研究[M].北京:中国法制出版社,2008.
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                [7] 陈秀山.现代竞争理论与竞争政策[M].北京:商务印书馆,1997.
                [8] 王晓晔.关于公平竞争审查制度的若干思考[J].经济法论丛,2017,(1).
                [9] 蒋红珍.论比例原则:政府规制工具选择的司法评价[M].北京:法律出版社,2010.
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