棋牌大全下载安装

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                          2. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 法律论文 > 宁波地区信用管理立法创新中的矛盾与对策

                            宁波地区信用管理立法创新中的矛盾与对策

                            时间:2019-03-06 11:49作者:封红梅
                            本文导读:这是一篇关于宁波地区信用管理立法创新中的矛盾与对策的文章,我国市场经济已经发展到信用经济阶段。为保障经济社会顺利转型升级,作为基础支撑的信用法制建设成为重中之重。近些年各省市各部门积极响应国务院《社会信用体系建设规划纲要》的精神,信用立法如雨后春笋,成为抢占

                              摘    要: 棋牌大全下载安装近年来,信用领域成为立法创新的新版图,但密集立法引起的法律冲突问题需要重视。《宁波市企业信用监管和社会责任评价办法》和《宁波市公共信用信息实施办法》的冲突反映了立法创新和稳妥改革两种价值的矛盾。企业信用监管不等于企业信用信息监管;对公共信用信息管理单独立法合乎我国信用立法的大趋势;两个《办法》冲突的衡平之道是废止《评价办法》。

                              关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 信用信息; 信用管理; 法律冲突;

                              Abstract: In recent years,the credit field has become a new layout for legislative innovation,but the legal conflict caused by intensive legislation needs attention. The conflict between the Measures of Ningbo Municipality on Enterprise Credit Supervision and Social Responsibility Evaluation and the Measures of Ningbo Municipality on the Implementation of Public Credit Information reflects the contradiction between the two values of legislative innovation and sound reform. Corporate credit supervision is not equal to corporate credit information supervision; separate legislation for public credit information management is in line with the general trend of China's credit legislation;the balanced approach to the conflict between the two Measures is to abolish the Evaluation Measures.

                              Keyword: credit information; credit management; conflict of laws;

                              WOGUOSHICHANGJINGJIYIJINGFAZHANDAOXINYONGJINGJIJIEDUAN。WEIBAOZHANGJINGJISHEHUISHUNLIZHUANXINGSHENGJI,ZUOWEIJICHUZHICHENGDEXINYONGFAZHIJIANSHECHENGWEIZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG。JINXIENIANGESHENGSHIGEBUMENJIJIXIANGYINGGUOWUYUAN《SHEHUIXINYONGTIXIJIANSHEGUIHUAGANGYAO》DEJINGSHEN,XINYONGLIFARUYUHOUCHUNSUN,CHENGWEIQIANGZHANLIFACHUANGXINDEXINBANTU。DANSHI,LIFACHUANGXINYIDINGYAOZHUYIYUJIUFADEXIANJIEYUPEIHE,FOUZEJIYICHANSHENGZHONGFULIFAHELIFACHONGTUWENTI。

                              2018NIAN1YUE1RI,《ZHEJIANGSHENGGONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLITIAOLI》BANBUSHISHIHOU,NINGBOSHILVXIANCAONI《NINGBOSHIGONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLISHISHIBANFA》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《SHISHIBANFA》),WEININGBOSHIGONGGONGXINYONGXINXIPINGTAIDEGUIFANHUAFAZHANBAOJIAHUHANG。DANSHI,《SHISHIBANFA》YU2012NIANBANBUDE《NINGBOSHIQIYEXINYONGJIANGUANHESHEHUIZERENPINGJIABANFA》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《PINGJIABANFA》)ZAINEIRONGSHANGDUOYOUJIAOCHAHEZHONGFU,JIYIZAOCHENGFALVSHISHIHESHIYONGZHONGDEKUNHUO。YINCI,CONGYUANTOULIQINGLIANGGEGUIFANDEGUANXI,FENXICHONGTUDEYUANYINBINGZHICHUHENGPINGZHIDAOFEICHANGJISHIHEBIYAO。

                              一、问题的缘起:《实施办法》与《评价办法》的冲突

                              《NINGBOSHIQIYEXINYONGJIANGUANHESHEHUIZERENPINGJIABANFA》DEQIANSHENSHI2002NIANDE《NINGBOSHIQIYEXINYONGSHISHIBANFA》。2011NIAN,SUIZHEJIAQIANGQIYESHEHUIZERENLIFAHUSHENGDEGAOZHANG,《NINGBOSHIQIYEXINYONGSHISHIBANFA》SHANJIANLEQIYEXINYONGJIANGUANDEBUFENTIAOKUAN,YOUZENGJIALEQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIADEXIANGGUANNEIRONG,2012NIAN3YUE1RIQIZHENGSHISHIXING,TASHIMUQIANNINGBOSHISHUSHIGEXINYONGLIFAZHONGYUXINCAONIDE《SHISHIBANFA》NEIRONGZUIXIANGJINDEYIGEGUIFANWENJIAN。

                              新草拟的《实施办法》共分八章65条,分别是:总则、信息征集、信息使用、信用应用与奖惩、异议处理、监督管理、法律责任、附则共八个章节。《评价办法》包括企业信用监管、企业信用信息监管和企业社会责任评价三块内容,《实施办法》如果从主体上划分,包括企业信用信息管理和自然人信用信息管理两块内容。从调整对象上来看,《评价办法》的第六条规定:“行政管理部门以及依法授权承担公共事务管理职能的组织(以下统称企业信用信息提供单位),对在依法履行职责过程中获取的企业信用信息,应当进行客观、准确、全面的记录,并按照《宁波市政府信息资源共享实施办法》的有关要求对企业信用信息资源实行共享”。《实施办法》第三条拟定,所谓公共信用信息是指“国家机关以及法律、法规授权的具有管理公共事务职能的组织依照法律、行政法规和国务院的规定,为履行职责而获取或者掌握的反映自然人、法人和其他组织信用状况的数据和资料”。可见,《评价办法》和《实施办法》调整的信用信息都是公共信息,只不过前者只关注企业信用信息,后者还包括了自然人的信用信息。因为制定主体和时间不同,对于同一个信用信息管理问题,两个办法也有不同之处,由此造成了立法的重复与冲突。
                             

                            宁波地区信用管理立法创新中的矛盾与对策
                             

                              LIFAZHISUOYICHUXIANZHEIZHONGZHONGHEHECHONGTU,SHIYINWEININGBOSHIMINYINGQIYEFAZHANXUNMENG,NINGBOQIYEXINYONGGUANLIXUQIUPOQIE,SUOYI2002NIANNINGBOSHIZHENGFUZHUANMENWEIQIZHIDINGGUIFAN,BINGJIANGXINYONGGUANLIQUANSHOUYUGONGSHANGJU。DANSHISUIZHEXINYONGXINXIDETIXIHUA,SHANGZHIGUOWUYUAN,XIAZHIGESHENGSHIZHENGFU,DOUSHEZHILEZHUANMENDEXINYONGGUANLIBUMEN。NINGBOSHIYESHUNYINGZHEIZHONGQUSHI,JIANGXINYONGGUANLIQUANZHUANJIAOJININGBOSHIFAZHANGAIGEWEIYUANHUI,XIASHEZHUANMENDEXINYONGGUANLIBANGONGSHI、XINYONGXINXIZHONGXINLAIJUTIZHIXING。XINDEBUMENYIFAGUANLIYAOZHIDING《SHISHIBANFA》ZHEILEIXINDEXINYONGFALVWENJIAN,YUANLAIDEBUMENJIESHOUXINDESHIMING,YAOJIAQIANGQIYESHEHUIZERENLIFA。ERXIANSHIZHONG,QIYEXINYONGJIANGUANHEQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAYOURUCIJIAOCHADEHUNRONGZAIYIGEFALVWENJIANZHONG,DAOZHILEFALVSHIYONGZHONGDEHUNLUAN。

                              RUHEJIEJUEZHEIZHONGCHONGTU?LIANGGE《BANFA》NENGFOUGONGCUN?YIHUOSHEIQUSHEILIU?WOMENKEYIJIANGZHEIGEWENTIJINYIBUXIHUAWEI:YISHIYINGBUYINGDUI“XINYONGJIANGUAN”DANDULIFA?ERSHIYINGBUYINGDUIGONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLIDANDULIFA?SANSHIYINGBUYINGDUIQIYEXINYONGXINXIGUANLIDANDULIFA?SISHIYINGBUYINGDUIQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIADANDULIFA?

                              二、“信用监管”应否单独立法

                              YINWEIZAIXIANSHIDEXINYONGLIFASHIYONGZHONG,DUOBA“XINYONGJIANGUAN”LIFAHEXINYONGXINXIGUANLILIFAHUNWEIYITAN,XIAMIANJIUXIANCONGZHEIGEWENTITANQI。

                              (一)“信用监管”不等于信用信息管理

                              ZAIGUANYU《PINGJIABANFA》DENEIRONGRENSHISHANG,HENDUORENRENWEIQIBAOKUOLIANGBUFENNEIRONG:QIYEXINYONGJIANGUANHEQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIA,ERQIECUOWUDEBA“QIYEXINYONGJIANGUAN=QIYEXINYONGXINXIJIANGUAN”,YINERJIUYOULERENWEIZHEILIANGBU《BANFA》WANQUANCHONGTU、ZHONGHEDENGRENSHI。QISHI,RUZIXIYANJIU,HUIFAXIANQIYEXINYONGJIANGUANBINGBUDENGTONGYUXINYONGXINXIGUANLI,KANSIZHIDUOLE“XINXI”LIANGGEZI,QISHITAOLUNDEZHUTIQUESHIDAXIANGJIONGYIDE。GUANYUXINYONGHEXINXIDEGUANXI,“GUOQUDEXINXIBAOHANZHEWEILAI,SHIWEILAIXINGDONGXUANZEDEYIGELIANGHAOYUQI”[1]CHOUXIANGDEXINYONGXUYAOFUZAIXINXISHANG,JUTIHUADEXINXIZHANGXIANXINYONG。XINYONGXINXIGUANLIDEDUIXIANGSHIXINXI,ZHIDUIXINXICAIJI、FENXI、CHUCUN、JIAGONG、SHIYONGDEXINGWEIJINXINGJIANDUGUANLI,ERXINYONGJIANGUANDEDUIXIANGSHIXINYONG,SHIDUIXINYONGSHOUDUANYINGYONGQINGKUANGDEYIZHONGJIANGUANHECUJIN,RUTICHANGXINGYEJIANGUANZHONGCAIYONGXINYONGSHOUDUAN,DUIXINYONGFUHAOBUTONGDEQIYEHUOZHEGERENYUYIJIANGCHENGDENG。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   ZAI《PINGJIABANFA》ZHONG,ZHENZHENGMINGYUE“QIYEXINYONGJIANGUAN”DEDISANZHANGNEIRONGTANDEBINGBUSHIDUIQIYEXINYONGXINXIDEJIANGUAN,ERSHIYIJUQIYEXINYONGXINXIDUIQIYEXINYONGZUOCHUDEFENLEIGUANLI。JUTINEIRONGRUDISHIERTIAO:“QIYEXINYONGXINXITIGONGDANWEIYINGDANGJIANLIBENDANWEI、BENXITONGDEQIYEXINYONGGUANLITIXI,QUEDINGFENLEIDENGJIBIAOSHI。”QIYEXINYONGDENGJICHUFALV、FAGUILINGYOUGUIDINGWAI,FENWEIA、B、C、DSILEIJINXINGFENLEIDENGJIBIAOSHI:ALEIBIAOSHIXINYONGFENGXIANHENXIAO;BLEIBIAOSHIXINYONGFENGXIANJIAOXIAO;CLEIBIAOSHIXINYONGFENGXIANJIAODA;DLEIBIAOSHIXINYONGFENGXIANHENDA。QIYEXINYONGXINXITIGONGDANWEIYINGDANGGENJUGUANLISHIJIXUYAO,XIHUAGUIDINGA、B、C、DSILEIQIYEXINYONGZHUANGKUANGDEJUTINEIRONG,BINGZHUBUSHIXIANDONGTAIJIANGUAN,JISHIGENGXINYOUGUANQIYEXINYONGXINXI。

                              ZAI《SHISHIBANFA》ZHONG,ZHEIBUFENNEIRONGBEICHENGWEI“XINYONGYINGYONG”,SHIGEGEBUMENDUIXINYONGDEYINGYONGHEJIANGCHENG。YINWEIZHIYOUGEJIGUAN、SHIYEDANWEIJIJISHIYONGXINYONGXINXI,LAIBAOYANGCHENGXIN、CHENGJIESHIXIN,WOGUODEXINYONGJIZHICAINENGZHENZHENGYUNZHUAN。《SHISHIBANFA》ZHONGDEXIANGGUANTIAOKUANTIXIANZAIDISISHIERTIAO“YOUGUANZUZHIYINGZAIZHENGFUCAIGOU、ZHAOBIAOTOUBIAO、XINGZHENGSHENPI、SHICHANGZHUNRU、ZIZHISHENHE、PINGXIANPINGYOU、ZHAIQUANFAXING、ZIJINFUCHIDENGXINGZHENGGUANLIGONGZUOZHONG,CHAXUNZIRANREN、FARENHEQITAZUZHIDEXINYONGDANGAN,HUOSHIYONGXINYONGFUWUJIGOUZHIZUODEXINYONGBAOGAO,BINGJIANGQIZUOWEISHISHIXINGZHENGGUANLIDEZHONGYAOCANKAO,SHIXIANLIANHEJIANGCHENG。”

                              (二)“信用应用”的1+N模式

                              MUQIANQUANGUOGEDIXINYONGLIFASHIJIANZHONG,“XINYONGYINGYONG”DELIFAMOSHIDUOWEI“1+N”MOSHI,RU2018NIANGUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEI、RENMINYINXINGGONGBUSHOUPI12GESHEHUIXINYONGTIXIJIANSHESHIFANCHENGSHIZHONG,QIJIANSHEJINGYANZHONGDEGONGXINGSHI“1+N”MOSHI,RUHUIZHOUSHIWEIGUIFANTUIJINSHEHUIXINYONGTIXIJIANSHE,XINGCHENGLE“1+1+4+N”ZHIDU;[2]RUHANGZHOUSHIYI“1+3+X”TIXIXIANDAO,BAOZHANGLIANHEJIANGCHENGCUOSHILUODI。[3]ZHEILIDE1SHIZHIZAI《GONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLIBANFA》ZHONGGUIDINGYIBANTIAOKUAN,DUOWEIGULI、TICHANGGEXINGZHENGJIGUAN、SHIYEDANWEIZAIXIANGGUANGUANLIZHONGCAIYONGXINYONGSHOUDUAN,YIJISHIXINCHENGFASHOUXINBAOJIANGDEXIANGGUANNEIRONG,RU《SHISHIBANFA》DEDIWUZHANGYONG7GETIAOKUANGAIKUOLEXINYONGYINGYONGDEQUANBUNEIRONG,FENBIESHI:ZHENGFUYINGYONG、SHICHANGYINGYONG、ZHENGXINJIGUANYINGYONG、FENLEIGUANLI、SHOUXINJILI、SHIXINCHENGJIEHELIANHEJIANGCHENG。ZHEILIDE“N”HUO“X”DOUSHIZHIDEGEGEJIGUAN、DANWEIJUTIZHIDINGDELUOSHIXINYONGYINGYONGHELIANHEJIANGCHENGDESHISHIBANFA。

                              ZHISUOYICAIYONGZHEIZHONGMOSHISHIYINWEIZAIXIANGGUANGUANLIZHONGYINGYONGXINYONGSHOUDUANSHIYIJIANFEICHANGJUTIDESHIQING,XUYAOYOUGEGEXINGYEGEGEBUMENGENJUJUTIQINGKUANGLAIYINGYONG,GULIHUOCHENGJIECUOSHIYEYINGGAIYOUQIZIXINGZHIDING。GUOJIAGULIGEJIGUAN、SHIYEDANWEIZAIZIJIDEGONGZUOZHONGSHIYONGXINYONGXINXI,DANSHIJUTIYOUGEDANWEIZIYOUZHIDINGNEIRONG。YININGBOWEILI,CAIYONGXINYONGSHOUDUANLAIBAOYANGCHENGXINCHENGJIESHIXINDEJUTIWENJIANHENDUO,BAOKUO:NINGBOSHIHUANBAOJUDE《QIYEHUANJINGXINYONGPINGJIABANFA(SHIXING)》《CHURUJINGJIANYANJIANYIQIYEXINYONGGUANLIGONGZUOGUIFAN》《NINGBOSHIGONGCHENGJIANSHELINGYUSHOUXINJILIHESHIXINCHENGJIEZHIDAOYIJIAN》《NINGBOSHIJIAOTONGJIANSHESHICHANGXINYONGXINXIGUANLI、XINYONGPINGJIABANFA》《GUANYUYINFASHIJUZHILIANGANQUANHEIMINGDANZHIDUDETONGZHI》DENGDENG。YINCI,ZUNZHONG《SHISHIBANFA》GUANYUXINYONGYINGYONGDEYIBANGUIDING,JUTIRUHESHIYONGFANGQUANJIGEGEBUMEN,YOUQILINGXINGZHIDINGJUTIYINGYONGCUOSHIGENGWEIKEXING,BUXUYAODANDUJIUXINYONGYINGYONGJI《PINGJIABANFA》ZHONGDE“QIYEXINYONGJIANGUAN”DANDULIFA。

                              三、公共信用信息管理应否单独立法

                              RANHOUKANLINGWAILIANGGEWENTI:YAOBUYAODUIGONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLIJINXINGDANDULIFA?YAOBUYAODUIQIYEXINYONGXINXIGUANLIDANDULIFA?ZHEIBUJINSHEJIDAOGONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLIHEQIYEXINYONGXINXIGUANLILIANGZHEDEGUANXI,GENGSHEJIDAOYIGESHENCENGCIDEWENTI,JININGBOSHIXINYONGXINXIGUANLIFALVZHIDUYINGDANGSHIYIGEZENYANGDETIXI?NINGBOXINYONGXINXIGUANLIFALVZHIDUDELIFAQUSHISHISHENME?ERZHEIYOUXUYAOXIANLAIHUIDAWOGUOXINYONGXINXIGUANLIFALVZHIDUYINGDANGSHIZENYANGYIGETIXI?WOGUOXINYONGXINXIGUANLIFALVZHIDUWEILAIDELIFAQUSHISHISHENME?

                              (一)信用信息管理法律体系和立法趋势

                              MUQIANWOGUOXINYONGZHENGXINGUANLILINGYUZUIGAOWEIJIEDEFALVGUIFANSHI《ZHENGXINYEGUANLITIAOLI》,QIDIERTIAOGUIDING:BENTIAOLISUOCHENGZHENGXINYEWU,SHIZHIDUIQIYE、SHIYEDANWEIDENGZUZHI(YIXIATONGCHENGQIYE)DEXINYONGXINXIHEGERENDEXINYONGXINXIJINXINGCAIJI、ZHENGLI、BAOCUN、JIAGONG,BINGXIANGXINXISHIYONGZHETIGONGDEHUODONG。GUOJIASHELIDEJINRONGXINYONGXINXIJICHUSHUJUKUJINXINGXINXIDECAIJI、ZHENGLI、BAOCUN、JIAGONGHETIGONG,SHIYONGBENTIAOLIDIWUZHANGGUIDING。GUOJIAJIGUANYIJIFALV、FAGUISHOUQUANDEJUYOUGUANLIGONGGONGSHIWUZHINENGDEZUZHIYIZHAOFALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIHEGUOWUYUANDEGUIDING,WEILVXINGZHIZEJINXINGDEQIYEHEGERENXINXIDECAIJI、ZHENGLI、BAOCUN、JIAGONGHEGONGBU,BUSHIYONGBENTIAOLI。

                              YOUSHANGSHUTIAOKUANDEBIAOSHUKEJIAN,《ZHENGXINYEGUANLITIAOLI》ANZHAOYEWUZHUTIJIQIXIANGGUANXINXIWEIBIAOZHUNJIESHILEXIANJIEDUANWOGUOZHENGXINYEGUANLIFALVZHIDUTIXIJIQIGELEIGUIFANDEXIANGYINGDIAOZHENGDUIXIANG(JIANBIAOYI)。

                              YIJUCIBIAO,WOGUOWEILAIXINYONGXINXIGUANLIYIJUZHUTIHEXINXIZHONGLEI,KEYIFENWEISANDAKUAI:YISHIDIAOZHENGSHICHANGZHENGXINJIGOUZHENGJISHANGYEXINXIDEFALVGUIFAN,JI《ZHENGXINYEGUANLITIAOLI》DENG;ERSHIDIAOZHENGYINXINGZHENGJIJINRONGXINXIDEFALVGUIFAN,JIYANGXINGDE《GERENXINYONGXINXISHUJUKUSHISHIBANFA》DENG;SANSHIDIAOZHENGXINGZHENGZHUTIJISHOUQUANJIGOUZHENGJIGONGGONGXINYONGXINXIDEFALVGUIFAN,JIGESHENGSHIZHENGZAIZHIDINGDE《GONGGONGXINYONGXINXISHISHIBANFA》。SANZHESHIBINGLIEGUANXI,GONGTONGGOUCHENGXINYONGXINXIGUANLIFALVGUIFANTIXIDEZHENGTI。YIJUCITIXI,GONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLIFALVGUIFANSHI“SANZUDINGLI”DEXINYONGTIXIZHONGDEZHONGYAOYIHUAN,DUIQIDULILIFASHIXINYONGGUANLIFALVTIXIFAZHANDEDAQUSHI。

                              表一我国现阶段征信业管理法律规范体系
                            表一我国现阶段征信业管理法律规范体系

                              (二)公共信用信息的立法趋势

                              2013NIANHOUGEDIBANBUDEXINYONGFALVWENJIANJIHUDOUSHIZHUANMENZHENDUI“GONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLI”JINXINGDEDANDULIFA。ZHEIZHONGQUSHIBINGFEIOURAN,TAHESHANGWENFENXIDEWOGUOWEILAIXINYONGXINXIGUANLIFAGUIDETIXIMIQIEXIANGGUAN,YEFUHEMUQIANWOGUOXINYONGZHENGXINGUANLILINGYUZUIGAOWEIJIEDEFALVGUIFAN《ZHENGXINYEGUANLITIAOLI》JICHUDELIFAZHIDAOFANGXIANG。ERFANGUANQUANGUODEQIYEXINYONGGUANLILIFA,RUJILIN、NANNING、SUZHOU、SHENZHENDENGDI,SUIRANQUESHIYOUYI《QIYEXINYONGXINXIGUANLISHISHIBANFA》HUOZHELEISIMINGMINGDEFALVWENJIAN,DANSHIQIBANBUJUNZAI2013NIANZHIQIAN,2013NIANZHIHOUZHUANMENDUIQIYEXINYONGGUANLIJINXINGLIFADEWEIHUQIWEI。

                              YINCI,YINGDANGZUNZHONGNINGBODANGQIANDELIFAXUANZE,DUIQIYEHEZIRANRENDEGONGGONGXINYONGXINXIJINXINGTONGYIGUANLI,ZHIDINGGONGTONGDE《GONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLIBANFA》,ERBUYINGDANDUZHIDING《QIYEXINYONGXINXIGUANLIBANFA》。HEKUANG2018NIANZHEJIANGSHENGGANGBANBU《ZHEJIANGSHENGGONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLITIAOLI》LAIZUOWEIGANGLINGWENJIANTONGYIBUSHUZHEJIANGSHENGDEGONGGONGXINYONGXINXITIXIJIANSHEGONGZUO,ZAICIDABEIJINGXIA,NINGBOSHIYI《GONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLISHISHIBANFA》MINGMINGBINGZHIDINGCIGUIZHANGSHIHEHUXINYONGXINXIGUANLIFALVGUIFANTIXIFAZHANQUSHIDE。

                              四、企业社会责任应否单独立法

                              CONGNEIRONGSHANGKAN,《PINGJIABANFA》SHIYIBUYIQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIANEIRONGWEIZHUDEFALVWENJIAN,GENJUDUIQITIAOKUANDETONGJI,QIZHONGZHENZHENGSHEJIQIYEXINYONGXINXIGUANLIDEZHIYOUZONGZEDEER、SAN、WUTIAO,DIERZHANGDEXINXIJILUYUGONGXIANGDELIUDAOSHIYITIAO,DILIUZHANGFALVZERENZHONGDEJIGETIAOKUAN。ERQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAYOU32TIAO,ZHENGZHENGCHAOGUOYIBEITIAOKUANSHULIANG。ER《SHISHIBANFA》DUIXINYONGXINXIGUANLIDEGUIDINGYUANYUANBI《PINGJIABANFA》ZHONGDUIQIYEXINYONGGUANLIDEGUIDINGYAODUO,TABAOHANBAGEZHANGJIE65GETIAOKUAN。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   ZUIHOUYIGEWENTI:YAOBUYAODUIQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAJINXINGDANDULIFANI?GUANYUSHEHUIZERENLIFA,MUQIANBIJIAOQUANWEIDESHI2014NIAN6YUEYOUZHONGGUOQIYEPINGJIAXIEHUILIANHEQINGHUADAXUESHEHUIKEXUEXUEYUANCHUANGXINQICAODE《ZHONGGUOQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAZHUNZE》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《ZHUNZE》)。GAIPINGJIAZHUNZEBAOHAN“FALVDAODE”DENG10GEYIJIPINGJIAZHIBIAO、“ZUNSHOUFALVFAGUI”DENG63GEERJIHESANJIPINGJIAZHIBIAO。《ZHONGGUOQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAZHUNZE》DEZHIDING,ZHUYAOJIYUYIXIAJIDIANKAOLV:SHOUXIAN,《ZHUNZE》DEZHIBIAOSHEDINGQUANMIAN、KEGUAN,LIQIUHUODEGUANGFANRENTONG;QICI,《ZHUNZE》YUGUOJIBIAOZHUNJIEGUI,BINGJIARU“ZHONGGUOTESE”YUANSU;ZAICI,《ZHUNZE》KAOLVGELEIQIYEQINGKUANG,NULISHIQIJUYOUPUSHIXING;ZUIHOU,《ZHUNZE》JUYOU“PINGJIA”DETEXING,BIANYUCAOZUO。

                              《ZHUNZE》DEZHIDINGXIANQILEXINYILUNGUANZHUQIYESHEHUIZERENDECHAOLIU。SUIRANMUQIANQUANGUOGESHENGSHIFANFANDITANYAOCUJINQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIADEZHENGCEXINGWENJIANPODUO,DANZHUANMENDUIQILIFADEQUEZHIYOUSHENZHEN、HANGZHOU、YIWUJIDI。ERQIEZHEIJIDIGUANYUQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIADELIFAHENINGBOJIONGRANBUTONG,DADUOSHIGENJU《ZHUNZE》ZHIDINGSHIHEDIFANGSHUIPINGDEQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIABIAOZHUN,BINGFEIQIANGZHIXINGDEDUIQIYESHEHUIZERENJINXINGYAOQIUHEPINGJIA,GENGMEIYOUDANGDIZHENGFUBUMENZHUDAOQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIADE。

                              (一)深圳企业社会责任立法

                            棋牌大全下载安装   2013NIANSHENZHENSHIXINBANBUDEQIYESHEHUIZERENFALVWENJIANBAOKUOSANGE,QIZHONGLIANGGESHISHENZHENSHI《QIYESHEHUIZERENYAOQIU》HE《QIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAZHINAN》,ZHEILIANGGEDOUSHISHIGUANQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIABIAOZHUNDEWENJIAN,SHIYOUZHILIANGJUBANBUDEXINGYEBIAOZHUN。LINGYIGESHI《GUANYUJINYIBUTUIJINQIYELVXINGSHEHUIZERENDEYIJIAN》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《YIJIAN》),BINGFEIQIANGZHIXINGGUIZHANG。ERQIEQIZAIJIBENYUANZEBUFENKAIZONGMINGYI:QIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAJIANCHIYIXIAJIGEJIBENYUANZE:YISHIJIANCHIZHENGFUYINDAO、SHICHANGYUNZUO。ZHENGFUYAOGENGHAODIFAHUIYINDAOZUOYONG,DAJIANGONGGONGFUWUPINGTAI,JIANLISHEHUIHUAYUNZUOJIZHI,JIAQIANGZHIDAOJIANDU,YINDAOQIYEJIJILVXINGDUIGELIYIXIANGGUANFANGDESHEHUIZEREN。ERSHIJIANCHITUCHUZHONGDIAN、WENBUTUIJIN。ZHONGDIANDUCUQIYEYANGELVXINGGEXIANGFADINGZEREN,YINDAOHEGULIQIYELIANGLIERXING,JIJILVXINGGONGYICISHAN、ZHIYUANFUWUDENGQITASHEHUIZEREN。SANSHIJIANCHISHEHUICANYU、XINGCHENGHELI。GULIHEYINDAOSHEHUIGEJIEJIJICANYU,CHONGFENFAHUIGELEIZHONGJIEZUZHI,TEBIESHIXINGYEXIEHUI、SHANGHUIDENGDISANFANGJIGOUZAICUJINQIYELVXINGSHEHUIZERENFANGMIANDEZUOYONG,NULIXINGCHENGQUANSHEHUIGONGTONGTUIJINQIYESHEHUIZERENJIANSHEDEGONGZUOGEJU。YOUMEITIPINGLUN,QIZUIDADELIANGDIANJIUSHI:“BUGAODABIAOKAOHE,YINRUDISANFANGPINGJIA”。

                              (二)杭州企业社会责任立法

                            棋牌大全下载安装   HANGZHOUSHIQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAGUIFANSUIRANMINGZIWEI《HANGZHOUSHIQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAGUIFAN》,JIZONGHELEHANGZHOUSHIQIANLIANGLUNQIYESHEHUIZERENJIANSHEHEPINGGUDESHIJIANCHENGGUO,YOUXISHOUISO26000《SHEHUIZERENZHINAN》DENGGUOJIBIAOZHUNDEXIANJINLINIAN,TONGSHIHAIKAOLVCHUANTONGZERENGUAN、FALVFAGUIHEGUONEIWAIQIYESHEHUIZERENJIANSHEDEDIANXINGJINGYAN,YIJULIYIXIANGGUANFANGLILUN、KECHIXUFAZHANLILUN、DEFEIERZHUANJIAFADENG,YIQIYEDESHICHANGZEREN、YONGGONGZEREN、HUANJINGZERENHEGONGYIZERENSIZHONGJIBENZERENWEIHEXIN,CAIYONGJIBENZHIBIAO、JINBUZHIBIAO、JIAJIANFENZHIBIAO、GEXINGZHIBIAOHEYIPIAOFOUJUEXIANGZHIBIAODENGXIANGJIEHEDEMOSHI,JIANLILEBAOKUOSIZHONGZEREN、10XIANGYIJIZHIBIAO、50XIANGERJIZHIBIAODEZHIBIAOTIXI。ERQIE,HANGZHOUSHIQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIASHISHIZHONG,YOUGUANBUMENYEYAOQIU“SUOYOUDEFENSHU,JIANGYOUDISANFANGPINGJIAJIGOUSHENHE,ANZHAOPAIMINGFENCHUDENGJI,ZUIZHONGPINGXUANCHUHANGZHOUSHIQIYESHEHUIZERENJIANSHEZUIJIAQIYE,JIYUJIANGLI”。

                              (三)宁波企业社会责任立法

                            棋牌大全下载安装   NINGBOSHIDEQIYESHEHUIZERENLIFA,NEIRONGSHANGCHULEZHIDINGNINGBOSHIDIFANGQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIABIAOZHUNTIXIWAI,HAIJIANGQIYESHEHUIZERENYUQIYEXINYONGGUANLIHEERWEIYI,XINGCHENGLE《NINGBOQIYEXINYONGGUANLIHESHEHUIZERENPINGJIABANFA》。SUIRAN《PINGJIABANFA》ZONGZEBUFENYEQUELILE“SHEHUIZERENPINGJIASHIXINGZHENGFUZHUDAO、QIYEZIZHU、SHEHUICANYU、PINGJIAJIGOUDULIPINGJIADEGONGZUOJIZHI”,DANSHI,JINJIEZHEYOUGUIDING“SHIHEXIAN(SHI)QURENMINZHENGFUSHELIHUOZHEQUEDINGDEQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAJIGOUFUZEBENXINGZHENGQUYUNEIDEQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAGONGZUO”。ERQIEZAIDISIZHANG“SHEHUIZERENPINGJIAHECUJIN”ZHONGJIANGQIYEXINYONGXINXIHEQIYESHEHUIZERENGUAGOU,ZHEIYEXUSHIZUICHUJIANGQIYESHEHUIZERENYUQIYEXINYONGGUANLILIANGKUAINEIRONGHEERWEIYIDEDONGJI,DANSHIZHEIYANGBUZAIJINSHICAIYONGXINYONGSHUJUKULIDEXINXINEIMEJIANDAN,ZHIJIEJIANGXINYONGDENGJIHESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAGUAGOUSHIFOUHESHI?

                              CIWAI,GUIFANYAOQIU“DUIQIYEZONGHEXINYONGDENGJIBIAOSHIWEIDLEIDEQIYE,QIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAJIGOUKEYINARUZHUDONGPINGJIADEFANWEI,SHISHIJINXINGPINGJIABINGXIANGSHEHUIGONGBUPINGJIAJIEGUO”。ZHEIZHONGYINWEIQIYEXINYONGDENGJIDIERJINXINGQIYESHEHUIZERENQIANGZHIPINGJIASHIFOUHESHI,SHIFOUYOUYIYISHANGDAILUNZHENG。HAIYOU,《PINGJIABANFA》DISANSHIBATIAO“DUIZONGHEXINYONGDENGJIBIAOSHIWEIDLEIHUOZHESHEHUIZERENPINGJIABUDABIAODEQIYE、SHEHUIZERENYANZHONGQUESHIQIYE,YOUGUANGUANLIBUMENYINGDANGZAIFADINGQUANXIANFANWEINEICAIQUXIALIEZHICAICUOSHI:(YI)YIFACONGZHONGSHISHIXINGZHENGCHUFA;(ER)QUXIAOPINGXUANXIANGGUANRONGYUDEZIGE;(SAN)BUDEJIANMIANSHUISHOUHEZHENGFUFEISHUISHOURU,BUDEXIANGSHOUGELEIZHENGFUZIJINBUTIEHUOZHECANYUZHENGFUCAIGOUHEZHENGFUTOUZIXIANGMUTOUBIAO;(SI)ZAICHANYEFAZHAN、JIANSHEYONGDISHIYONGQUANGONGYINGDENGGONGGONGZIYUANPEIZHIFANGMIANJINXINGXIANZHI;(WU)XIANGSHEHUIFACHUXIAOFEI、YONGGONG、TOUZIDENGFANGMIANDEFENGXIANJINGSHI;(LIU)FALV、FAGUI、GUIZHANGGUIDINGDEQITAZHICAICUOSHI”。YINWEIQIYESHEHUIZERENYIWULVXINGDIJIUDUIQIJINXINGYANZHONGCHENGJIESHIFOUHESHI?BIJINGQIYESHIYIGESHANGREN,BUSHIYIGECISHANJIA,WOMENKEYIGULIQIZUOYIGE“YISHANG”,DANSHIFOUKEYIYINCIERDUIQIJINXINGZHONGFA?

                              ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,BULUNSHIFOUYAODUIQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIAJINXINGDANDULIFA,MUQIANDE《PINGJIABANFA》ZHONGGUANYUQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIADEGUIDINGYOUHENDUOZHIHOUHEWEIFAZHICHU,YINGDANGXIUGAI,QIEXIUGAISHIBIXUSIKAOYIXIAJIGEWENTI:YISHIFOUNENGDUIQIYESHEHUIZERENQIANGXINGPINGJIA?ERSHIQIYEXINYONGDENGJIHEQIYESHEHUIZERENSHIFOUYOUBIRANDEGUANXI?SANSHINENGFOUDUIQIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIADIDEQIYESHISHIYANZHONGCHENGFA?

                              五、衡平两个办法冲突的建议

                            棋牌大全下载安装   NINGBOSHIYI《GONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLISHISHIBANFA》MINGMINGBINGZHIDINGCISHISHIBANFASHIHEHUXINYONGXINXIGUANLIFALVGUIFANTIXIFAZHANQUSHIDE,YINGDANGYUYIBAOLIU。JIANYIDUI《NINGBOSHIQIYEXINYONGJIANGUANHESHEHUIZERENPINGJIABANFA》DESANBUFENNEIRONGJINXINGXIUGAI:

                              YISHI“QIYEXINYONGJIANGUAN”ZHEIBUFENNEIRONGYOUGONGSHANGJULINGXINGZHIDINGJUTIBAOHANXINYONGYINGYONGHEJIANGCHENGNEIRONGDEWENJIAN,ZUOWEIDUIXINYONGSHOUDUANDEYIZHONGYINGYONGHEDUISUOGUANLIDEQIYEXINYONGTISHENGDEYIZHONGCUJINBANFA。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   ERSHI“QIYEXINYONGXINXIGUANLI”DENEIRONGYOU《GONGGONGXINYONGXINXISHISHIBANFA》SUOXISHOU,BUZAILINGXINGZHIDINGGUIZHANG,YINWEIYIHOUDANDUZHIDINGQIYEHUOZHEGERENXINYONGXINXISHISHIBANFABINGFEIWEILAIQUSHI。DANSHIKAOLVDAOZIRANRENHEQIYEDEBUTONG,ZAICAIJIXINXIMULUHEPINGTAIGUANLISHANGHUIDANDUZHIDING《QIYEXINYONGXINXICAIJIMULU》HE《QIYEXINYONGXINXISHUJUPINGTAIGUANLIXIZE》。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   SANSHI“QIYESHEHUIZERENPINGJIA”ZHEIBUFENNEIRONGYOUSHIGONGHUIHUITONGZHIDINGQIYESHEHUIZERENZHUNZEDEZHILIANGBIAOZHUNBUMENLINGXINGZHIDING,DANSHIZHIDINGSHIBIXUJINXINGXIANGXILUNZHENG,YIMIANCHUANGXINBUCHENG,YIXIAODAFANG。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   《NINGBOSHIQIYEXINYONGJIANGUANHESHEHUIZERENPINGJIABANFA》HE《NINGBOSHIGONGGONGXINYONGXINXIGUANLISHISHIBANFA》DECHONGTUSHIZHIDUCHUANGXINHEWENTUOGAIGEGUANXIZAIXINYONGXINXILINGYUDEJUTICHONGTU,DUIQIZHONGSHIHETUOSHANJIEJUEBUJINKEYIBAOZHENGWOMENJIXUZAI“FAZHIZHEJIANG”JINCHENGZHONGBAOCHIXIANFENG,ERQIEKEYIYIYIZHONGZHENGQUEDEZITAIYOUWENYOUKUAIDEQIANXING。

                              参考文献

                              [1] 张维迎.信息、信任与法律[M].北京:三联书店出版社,2006.
                              [2] 国家发改委.社会集用体系建设示范城市典型经验介绍之七:惠州市[EB/OL]. http://k. sina. com. cn/article_5663214224_1518dca900340036c1. html,2017-02-11.
                              [3] 国家发改委.社会信用体系建设示范城市典型经验介绍之一:杭州市[EB/OL]. http://k. sina. com. cn/article_5663214224_1518dca900340036c1. html,2017-01-11.

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