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                    • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 法律论文 > 消费者维权路径存在的问题与改进建议

                      消费者维权路径存在的问题与改进建议

                      时间:2019-03-21 09:58作者:张学超
                      本文导读:这是一篇关于消费者维权路径存在的问题与改进建议的文章,消费者在维护自身合法权益的过程中,维权途径成为维护权益的关键所在。现行的《消费者权益保护法》为消费者提供了五种维权途径,其中主要指协商和解、调解、申诉、仲裁、诉讼。

                        摘    要: 随着消费市场不断发展,消费环境不断优化,进一步刺激了消费者消费。但消费市场仍然存在基本诚信没有解决等问题,致使消费者的合法权益受到严重伤害。而现行《消费者权益保护法》为消费者维权提供了保障,明确规定消费者可以从协商和解、调解、申诉、仲裁、诉讼途径进行维权。基于此情况下,本文主要针对消费者维权途径的存在不足进行总结分析,并重点对消费者维权途径的完善展开详细的论述。

                        关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 消费者; 维权途径; 不足; 完善; 经营者;

                        1、 消费者维权途径存在的不足

                        XIAOFEIZHEZAIWEIHUZISHENHEFAQUANYIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,WEIQUANTUJINGCHENGWEIWEIHUQUANYIDEGUANJIANSUOZAI。XIANXINGDE《XIAOFEIZHEQUANYIBAOHUFA》WEIXIAOFEIZHETIGONGLEWUZHONGWEIQUANTUJING,QIZHONGZHUYAOZHIXIESHANGHEJIE、DIAOJIE、SHENSU、ZHONGCAI、SUSONG。DANZAIJIEJUEXIAOFEIZHEQUANYIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,RENGRANCUNZAIYIDINGDEJUXIANXING,BINGMEIYOUZHENZHENGYIYISHANGFAHUIWUZHONGWEIQUANTUJINGDEZUOYONG,XIESHANGWANGWANGBUHUANERSAN、DIAOJIENANJIANFENXIAO、SHENSUJIUTUOBUJUE、ZHONGCAIQUEFAYIJU、QISUJINPILIJIN,TONGGUOSHANGSHUZHEIXIEXIANXIANGDECUNZAI,SHIDEXIAOFEIZHEZAIWEIHUZISHENHEFAQUANYIDEGUOCHENGZHONGJIWEIBUSHUN,ZUIZHONGSHIDEXIAOFEIZHEZIRENDAOMEI,WENTIBINGMEIYOUZHENZHENGDEDEDAOJIEJUE,ZHEIDUIYUXIAOFEIZHEQUANYIDELUOSHICHANSHENGLEYANZHONGDEYINGXIANG。

                        (1)YUJINGYINGZHEXIESHANGHEJIE:JIYUDANGQIANSHICHANGHUNLUANYUXINYONGQUESHIDEHUANJINGXIA,XIAOFEIZHEZAIYAOXIANGDADAOYUJINGYINGZHEXIESHANGHEJIENANDUJIAODA,DANGQIANDABUFENJINGYINGZHEZILVYISHIBUQIANG,ZAISHIJIDEJINGYINGGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAOBUDUANJINXINGWANSHANHETIGAO。ZAIJIASHANGXIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENCHUYUGUANLIZHIHOUDEZHUANGUISHIQI,ZHICIXIAOFEIZHEYAOXIANGTONGGUOZHEIYIQUDAOJIEJUEXIAOFEIJIUFENWENTI,BINGBUSHIHENHAODEXUANZE。

                        (2)DIAOJIE:XIAOFEIZHEXIEHUIZUOWEISHEHUITUANTIXINGZHIDEZUZHI,ZAIJIEJUEXIAOFEIZHEJIUFENWENTIFANGMIAN,ZHINENGGOUJINXINGQUANSHUO、DIAOJIE,DUIYUDANGQIANZHEIZHONGTUJINGERYAN,BINGBUNENGGOUQUDESHIZHIXINGDETUPO,ZHISUOYICHUXIANDANGQIANZHEIYIJIEGUO,ZHUYAOYUANYINZAIYUXIAOFEIZHEXIEHUIZHINENGSHOUDAOYANZHONGDEXIANZHI,BINGBUJUBEIQIANGZHILIDEBAOZHENG,SHIDEZUIZHONGDIAOJIECHENGGONGLVPIANDI。

                        (3)SHENSU:ZHUYAOSHIZHIXIANGYOUGUANXINGZHENGJIGUANSHENSU,ERXIANXING《XIAOFEIZHEQUANYIBAOHUFA》ZAIJUTISHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHISHIZHENDUIXIAOFEIZHEQUANYISHOUDAOSUNHAISHI,TONGGUOHEZHONGFANGSHIWEIHUZISHENDEHEFAQUANYI,BINGMEIYOUFUYUXINGZHENGJIGUANXINGZHENGCAIJUESHOUDUAN,DAOZHIXINGZHENGJIGUANZAICHULIXIAOFEIZHEYUJINGYINGZHEJIUFENWENTIGUOCHENGZHONG,NANYIFAHUICHUQIZISHENDEZUOYONG。JIBIANSHISHUANGFANGTONGGUOXINGZHENGJIGUANJIERUDACHENGLEXIEYI,DANZAIJUTIDESHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,YIDANQIZHONGDEMOUYIFANGWEIFANXIEYINEIRONG,XINGZHENGJIGUANYEMEIYOUQIANGZHIZHIXINGDELIDU,JIYUDANGQIANZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,XINGZHENGJIGUANYEWUFAWEIXIAOFEIZHEQUANYIDEWEIHUTIGONGBAOZHANG,ZHISHIXIAOFEIZHEDEHEFAQUANYINANYIDEDAOWEIHU。

                      棋牌大全下载安装   (4)ZHONGCAI:DANGXIAOFEIZHEXUANZEZHONGCAITUJINGWEIQUANSHI,WANGWANGSHOUDAOYIDINGDEXIANZHI。TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIAXIAOFEIZHEZHUYAOXIANMAISHANGPIN,XUANZEZHONGCAIZHUYAOSHIXIAOFEIZHEYUJINGYINGZHEFASHENGJIUFENHOU。DANXUANZEZHONGCAITUJINGJINXINGWEIQUAN,XUYAOZHUYIDESHIBIXUSHUANGFANGZIYUANJINXING,RUGUOMEIYOUMANZUDANGQIANZHEIYITIAOJIAN,ZEWUFATONGGUOZHONGCAIXINGSHIJIEJUEJIUFENWENTI。TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,JINGYINGZHEBINGBUYUANYIYUXIAOFEIZHEJINXINGZHONGCAI,DANGQIANZHEIZHONGTUJINGNANYISHUNLIJINXING,ZHISHIZAIKEGUANFANGMIAN,NANYIFAHUIXIAOFEIJIUFENZHONGCAIZHIDUDEZUOYONG,SHIDEXIAOFEIZHEQUANYIWEIHUCUNZAIKUNNAN。

                        (5)向人民法院提起诉讼:根据相关数据显示,当前国内现行的诉讼制度较为传统,仍然存在诸多方面的不足,很多内容有待完善和改进。目前虽然审判机关也在针对小额消费纠纷进行探索灵活的诉讼方式,但是基于全国角度来讲,尚未构建一套适合消费纠纷特点的事诉讼制度。而繁琐的诉讼程序、以及漫长的诉讼时间,在很大程度上限制了诉讼作为消费者维权的最后防线作用[1]。
                       

                      消费者维权路径存在的问题与改进建议
                       

                        2 、消费者权益保护救济途径的完善

                        2.1 、建立消费者权益仲裁机制

                        ZHENDUIDANGQIANXIAOFEIZHEHEFAQUANYIBAOHUXIANZHUANG,GUOJIAJIXIANGGUANZHUGUANBUMENYAOJIEHEJUTISHIJIQINGKUANG,WEILEZUIDACHENGDUHUABAOHUXIAOFEIZHEDEHEFAQUANYI,XUYAOZHIDINGWANSHANDEXIAOFEIZHEZHONGCAIZHIDU,JIANQUANXIAOFEIZHEQUANYIZHONGCAIJIZHI,WEIJIEJUEXIAOFEIZHEYUJINGYINGZHEJIUFENWENTITIGONGZHONGYAODEZHIDUBAOZHANG。ZHONGCAIJIZHIZAIJIEJUEJIUFENWENTIFANGMIANJUYOUYIDINGDELINGHUOXING,MUQIANYIJINGBEISHANGYESHEHUISUOJIESHOU,TONGSHIDANGQIANZHEIZHONGFANGSHIYESHIJIEJUEJIUFENWENTIDEZUIJIAFANGAN。CIWAI,JIYUDANGQIANXIAOXIETIXIDEJICHUSHANG,YINGDANGCHENGLIPEIHEXIAOXIEGONGZUODEJIGOU,ZHUYAOFUZERICHANGZHONGXIAOEJIUFENGONGZUO[2]。TONGSHI,WEILEBAOZHENGQIGONGZUOZHILIANG,KEJIEHEJUTISHIJIQINGKUANG,ZHIDINGHEWANSHANXIANGYINGDEZHONGCAIGUIZE。QIZHONGZHONGCAIWEIYUANHUIDECAIJUEJUYOUFALVYUESHULI,ZAIJIEJUEXIAOFEIZHEJIUFENGUOCHENGZHONG,TANGRUOCHUXIANJINGYINGZHEBULVXINGZHONGCAICAIJUEDEQINGKUANG,WEILEBAOZHENGXIAOFEIZHEDEHEFAQUANYI,XIAOFEIZHEKEXIANGRENMINFAYUANJINXINGSUSONG,QINGQIURENMINFAYUANQIANGZHIZHIXING。

                        2.2、 建立小额消费纠纷审理特别程序

                        DANGQIANGUONEIZAIJIEJUEXIAOEJIUFENWENTISHANGRENGRANCUNZAIYIDINGDEJUXIAN,XIANXINGDEHENDUOGUIZHANGZHIDUBUSHIHEJIEJUEXIAOESUSONGYAOQIU。YOUYUXIAOFEIZHEHEFAQUANYIDEBUDAOWEIHU,ZHANGCIYIWANGBIRANHUIDUIJICENGFAYUANSHOULIXIAOFEIZHEJIUFENDEJIJIXINGDAILAIJIAODADEXIAOJIYINGXIANG,TONGSHIYEJIDADEXUERUOLEXIAOFEIZHEDEWEIQUANYISHI,ZHEIBIRANDUIXIAOFEIZHEZAOCHENGYANZHONGDESUNHAI,SHIDEXIAOFEIZHEQUANYISHOUDAOSHANGHAISHI,ZHINENGRENQITUNSHENG。WEILEYOUXIAODEJIEJUEXIAOFEIZHEYUJINGYINGZHEZHIJIANDEJIUFEN,WEIHUXIAOFEIZHEDEHEFAQUANYI,BIXUYOUZHENDUIXINGDEJIANLIXIAOEXIAOFEIJIUFENSHENLITEBIECHENGXU,JIANSHAOANJIANCHULIFANSUOFUZADECHENGXU,SUODUANANJIANCHULIDESHIJIAN,TIGAOGONGZUOXIAOLV,SHIDEXIAOFEIZHEDEHEFAQUANYIDEDAOBAOZHANG。

                        3 、结束语

                        ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,SUIZHEWOGUOXIAOFEISHICHANGBUDUANFAZHAN,XIAOFEIZHEDEXIAOFEIHUANJINGDEDAOLEYOUHUA,DANRENGRANCUNZAIZHUDUOFANGMIANDEWENTI,QIZHONGCHENGXINWENTIRENGRANMEIYOUDEDAOYOUXIAODEJIEJUE,BUFENSHANGJIAWEILEPIANMIANDEZHUIQIUJINGJIXIAOYI,BUXIYISUNHAIXIAOFEIZHEQUANYIDEBULIANGXINGWEI,ZHISHIXIAOFEIZHEDEHEFAQUANYISHOUDAOYANZHONGDESUNHAI,YINQIXIAOFEIZHEYUJINGYINGZHEZHIJIANDEJIUFEN。JIYUCIQINGKUANGXIA,WOGUOYAOZHONGDIANJIAQIANGDUIXIAOFEISHICHANGGUANLI,BUDUANWANSHANXIANGGUANFALVFAGUI,XIHUA《XIAOFEIZHEQUANYIBAOHUFA》XIANGGUANNEIRONG,WEIXIAOFEIZHEWEIQUANTIGONGBAOZHANG,JINERBAOHUXIAOFEIZHEDEHEFAQUANYI。

                        参考文献

                        [1] 符启林.消费者权益保护法概论[M].北京:南海出版公司,2008.
                        [2] 王江云.消费者权益保护[M].北京:法律出版社,1997:78-85.
                        [3] 漆多俊.经济法学[M].武汉大学出版社,2008:10-18.

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