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                    • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 工程师论文 > 居民区景观设计中雾凇的运用探索

                      居民区景观设计中雾凇的运用探索

                      时间:2018-12-10 10:28作者:尹立辉 杨佳爽 孙亚峰
                      本文导读:这是一篇关于居民区景观设计中雾凇的运用探索的文章,城市住宅区中的水景不仅构成了一道亮丽的风景,丰富了视觉效果,改善环境质量,也为人们提供亲水性居住场所[1]。而在吉林市松花江畔,每年冬天都会被雾凇装点成玉树琼花的世界,是非常难得的自然奇观。

                        摘    要: 舒适的小区景观旨在因地制宜,四季有景可观。依据以人为本、生态环保、创新性的设计理念,结合符合生态需求、主题鲜明、文化内涵、个性突出的设计原则。为了满足小区居民以及周边人员的需求,冬季景观突出“雾凇”景观特色,搭配红瑞木,为银装素裹的世界中增添色彩。依据不同季相、不同色相来进行搭配,让居民在任何时候都会在居住区中感受到大自然的生态美好,都能心旷神怡。

                        关键词: 雾凇; 居民区; 冬季景观; 设计;

                      棋牌大全下载安装   CHENGSHIZHUZHAIQUZHONGDESHUIJINGBUJINGOUCHENGLEYIDAOLIANGLIDEFENGJING,FENGFULESHIJUEXIAOGUO,GAISHANHUANJINGZHILIANG,YEWEIRENMENTIGONGQINSHUIXINGJUZHUCHANGSUO[1]。ERZAIJILINSHISONGHUAJIANGPAN,MEINIANDONGTIANDOUHUIBEIWUSONGZHUANGDIANCHENGYUSHUQIONGHUADESHIJIE,SHIFEICHANGNANDEDEZIRANQIGUAN。YINDIZHIYIDIJIANGWUSONGYUJUMINQUJINGGUANRONGHEYITI,TUCHUGEXINGHUAJINGGUANTEDIAN。

                        1、 设计指导思想

                        1.1、“以人为本”的设计理念

                      棋牌大全下载安装   “YIRENWEIBEN”DELINIANYAOQIULVHUAWEIJUMINTIGONGYIGEZIRANDEXIUXIANKONGJIAN,GONGRENMINHUODONGQIQI[2]。CONG“REN”DEJIAODUJINXINGJINGGUANSHEJI,CHONGFENKAOLVRENXINGGONGNENGFENQU,HELIDIXUANZEZHONGYANGGUANGCHANGDEWEIZHI,HAIYAOKAOLVDAOZHENDUIDERENQUNBUTONG,BAWOHAOERTONGHUODONGQUHELAONIANHUODONGQUZHIJIANDECHIDUYUBILI。

                        1.2、 生态环保性的设计理念

                        SHENGTAIYUANLINJUYOUDUOZHONGGONGNENGHEZONGHEXIAOYI,BUJINSHIPINGHENGSHENGTAIXITONGDEZHONGYAOTONGDAO,HAIZAIDIAOJIECHENGSHIXIAOQIHOU,BAOHUTURANGSHUIXUNHUAN,BAOHUZIRANJINGGUANTIXIANSHENGTAIXIAOYI,TONGSHIWEICHENGSHIJUMINCHUANGZAOLIANGHAODERENJUHUANJINGDEHUANJINGXIAOYIHESHEHUIXIAOYISHANGFAHUIJUDADEGONGNENG[3]。FANGZHIWURANXUYAOSHENGTAIXIAOQUDEJIANZHUYONGCAIYINGQUANBUCAIYONGDUIRENTIWUHAIDEJIANZHUCAILIAOHEZHUANGSHICAILIAO,BINGQIEZHEIXIECAILIAOKEYIJINKENENGDIHUISHOULIYONG[4]。

                        1.3、 创新性设计理念

                        园林设计属于艺术范畴,艺术的生命力就在于创新,所以创新理念应用于园林设计也是一种必然[5]。可以从很多方面入手,比如设计时考虑地域特色———雾凇景观,冬天的景色就以雾凇为主题,打造一个有景可观的美丽景观,极具地方文化特色。
                       

                      居民区景观设计中雾凇的运用探索
                       

                        2、 设计总体方案

                        2.1、 功能分区

                        WEILEMANZUXIAOQUJUMINYIJIZHOUBIANRENYUANDEXUQIU,JIANGXIAOQUFENWEI:LVDAOZHURUKOUGUANGCHANG、XIUXIANYULEQUKONGJIAN、ZHONGYANGGUANGCHANGQU、ZHAIPANGLVDIKONGJIAN、CAOPINGXIUXIQU。BENZHEDONGJINGXIEDIAOYUANZE,RANGKAICHANGSHIYUFENGBIKONGJIANGEYOUTESE。BENFANGANTONGGUODAOLUSHEJIJIANGGEGEJINGDIANCHUANLIANQILAI,SHIXIANGEGONGNENGQUDEXIANJIE,XIAOQUYIRUKOUGUANGCHANGDAOLUWEIDONGXIZHOUXIAN,YINANBEIFANGXIANGLIANGCEDEHUXIANWEIFUZHOUXIAN,XINGCHENGLEKONGZHIQUANXIAOQUDEZONGGEJU。

                        2.2、 具体景观设计

                        2.2.1、 绿道主入口广场。

                        CIQUSHISHEJIZHONGDEZHONGYAOHUANJIE,JUYOUJIAOTONGGONGNENG,SHIJUZHUQUYUCHENGSHIDAOLULIANJIEDENIUDAI,CHUYUANQUANBIANJIEFANGMIANKAOLV,ZAIRENYUCHEZHIJIANJINLIANGJINXINGHUAFEN,CHENGSHIDAOLULIUFENKAI,JUMINZOUWAICEDEXINGDAOSHUNEIDAOLU,CHEZOUZHUYAODAOLU,BIMIANRENYUCHEDEXIANGHUPENGZHUANG,JUZHUDERUKOUCHUHEHUIRUCHENGSHIDAOLUFUJINDERUKOUCHUYAOYOUHUANCHONGKONGJIAN,BIMIANRENLIU、CHELIUZAIRUKOUCHUYONGDU,ZAOCHENGJUZHUXIAOQUNEIBUDUSAI,BINGQIEYINGXIANGDAOLINJINJIEQUDECHENGSHIJIAOTONG[6]。GUANGCHANGDEPUZHUANGYIQINGSHIBANXIAOFANGKUAIWEIZHU,KAICHANGSHIRUKOUGUANGCHANG,JIRENYIDAQIBANGBOZHIGAN,RUKOUHOUJINRUZHUYAODEJINGGUANZHOUXIAN,ZHONGJIANYIPAIDECHUIYUJIANGDAOLUFENWEI2BUFEN,ZIRANDIFENGELECHEJINCHUDEFANGXIANG,DAOLULIANGCEDEXINGDAOSHUWEIJINZHICHUILIU,CHUNTIANZHANGZHANGDELIUZHICHUILUOXIALAIXIANGXIAONVHAIDEBIANZIYIYANGZAIFENGZHONGPIAOWU。NEICESANZHILESHANXING,WANCHUNZHIJI,SHANXINGKAICHUFENSEDEHUADUO,ZAIZHOUWEILVYEDECHENTUOXIA,XIANDEGEWAIYAOYAN。JIEDIANCHUZHONGZHIZIYECHOULI,ZENGTIANXIAOQUYUDESECAIBIANHUA,ZAIBUTONGJIJIEKEYIKANDAOBUTONGDEJINGGUAN,ZHOUWEISHEZHILEZUOYIBANDENG,GONGJUMINXIUXI,CAIYONGFANGFUMUCAIZHI,ZHEIYANGDECAIZHINENGGENGHAODIRONGRUHUANJING,YINGZAOZIRANDESHUSHIHUANJING。ZAIWANGNEICE,ZHONGZHILEPIANZHUANGDEGUANMUHONGRUIMU,TASHIBEIFANGHENHAODEGUANZHIGANZHIWU,ZAIYANDONGSHIJIE,YOUYURUKOUCHUKAOJINJIANGBIAN,JIANGBIANCHANSHENGDEWUQIHUIHEKONGQIZHONGDESHUIFENZIJIEHE,YULENGXINGCHENGWUSONG,WUSONGLUOZAICHUILIU、CHUIYUSHANGMIAN,ENADUOZI,YUHONGGANDEHONGRUIMUXINGCHENGYIDAODONGRILIJINGLIDEFENGJINGXIAN,ZUOYIZHOUWEIPEIYIKEAIKATONGDEDIAOSU,YINGZAOYIGEQINGSONGYUYUEDEFENWEI。

                        2.2.2、 休闲娱乐区空间。

                        XIUXIANYULEQUFENWEIHUODONGQUHEJIANSHENQUYU。BUTONGDEQUYUYEYAOSHEZHIBUTONGDEJIANSHENQICAI。CIQUYUWEIJUMINXIUXIANYULEDECHANGSUO,SHILAONIANRENHEHAIZIXIUXIANYULEDEDIFANG,JIANSHENQUCAIYONGHELANZHUANYINGZHIPUZHUANG,JIANSHENQUQICAISHIRENMENDUANLIANDEHAOBANGSHOU,ZIRANSHAOBULEDUIQIXUQIU,JINLIANGXUANYONGSHIMIANSHANGCHANGJIANDEQICAI,GONGJUMINJIANSHENYULE,ZAIJIANSHENQUPANGBIAN,JIANLILEERTONGHUODONGQU,YISHADIWEIZHU,SHAKENGWEIZHONGXIN,DANYIXIESHEJIZHEWEILEQUFENERTONGHUODONGQU,HUOZHESHUOWEILEHAIZIDEANQUANKAOLV,JIANGERTONGHUODONGQUJIASHANGWAIMIANYIQUANWEILAN,XINGCHENGYIQUANFENGBIDEKONGJIAN,BIAOMIANSHANGSHIYIJUYUANZEJINXINGGONGNENGFENQU,DANSHIZHEIZHONGQIANGYINGDEHUAFENGONGNENGQUJIUMEIBENZHERENYURENTONGYI,RENYUZIRANTONGYI,ZAIZHEIXIESHEJIZHONG,JIANGYIXIEKATONGDEXINGXIANGDIAOSUHEYIXIEXIYINHAIZIDEHAIBAODENGFANGZHIYUERTONGWANSHUADEFUJIN。ZHEIYANGBUJINNENGXIYINERTONGQIANLAI,HAIHUISHIERTONGHUODONGQUJUYOUKEGUANKEWANDETEDIAN。CHUYURENXINGDEKAOLV,LAONIANRENJINGCHANGHUODONGDECHANGDIFUJINYAOJIANLIGONGGONGDECESUO,BUJINRUCI,DAOLULIANGCEHAIYAOSHEZHIZUOYI,DANYAOKAOLVZUOYIDECAIZHIWENTI,BUNENGCAIYONGJIAOLIANGDECAIZHI。HUODONGQUZHOUWEIDEQIAOMU,YAOXUANYONGZHEYINDESHUZHONG,RUCHUILIU、YANGSHUDENG,YIBIANJUMINXIUXIHEGUANSHANG,YINGZAOANJINGSHUSHIDEHUANJING。ZAIHUODONGQUFUJIN,HAIYAOSHEZHIYIXIEKESANBUDECHANGSUO,JUMINFANHOUSANBUXIANLIAO,SANLIANGRENXIAOJU,HUOZHEZAIZUOYISHANGSHAISHAIYANGGUANG,HUXIZHEXIAOQUZHONGQINGXINDEKONGQI,LINGRENXINKUANGSHENYI。WEILEGENGHAODIRANGJUMINYOUSHEJIAODECHANGSUO,ZAIHUODONGQUSHELIPINGPANGQIUZHUO、XIANGQIZHUODENG,PUZHUANGZHUYAOCAIYONGHUAGANGYANHUOSHAOBAN,RANGZHEICHENGWEIJUMINBICIJIAOLIUDECHANGDI,YOUQILAONIANREN,HUIJIDADETIGAOJUMINDEGUISHUGAN。

                        2.2.3、 中央广场区。

                        CIQUYUSHIZHENGGEXIAOQUNEIZUIZHONGYAODEJINGGUAN,SHELIZAIXIAOQUZHONGYANG,FUWUZHEZHENGGEXIAOQUDEJUMIN,BENQUYUYOU2BUFENGOUCHENG,YIBUFENSHIPENQUANJINGGUAN,LINGYIBUFENSHIXIUXIANGUANSHANGDEQUYU,YIJINGYIDONGJIAOXIANGHUIYING,MANZUJUMINDEXUQIU。PENQUANDEZHUYAOZUOYONGSHIYINGZAOYOUMEIDEJINGGUAN,JIJUGUANSHANGXING,CHANGZUOWEISHIJUEDEJIAODIANZHONGXIN,HAINENGSHIRUNZHOUWEIKONGQI,PENQUANDEXIXIAOSHUIZHUTONGKONGQIFENZIZHUANGJI,NENGCHANSHENGDALIANGDEFUYANGLIZI,JIANSHAOCHENAI,JIANGDIQIWEN,YOUYIYUGAISHANCHENGSHIMIANMAOHEZENGJINRENMINDESHENXINJIANKANG[7]。PENQUANDEGAODU、DIAOSUDEGAODU,YINGGAIFUHERENTISHIJUEDESHENGLITEZHENG,CHUIZHIFANGXIANGSHANG,SHIJIAOYINGGAIZAI30°ZUOYOU,SHUIPINGDESHIJIAOZAI45°DEFANWEINEI,CAINENGYOUYIGEHESHIDESHIJUEFANWEI,CAINENGGENGHAODIGUANSHANGJINGGUAN。PENQUANDEZHUYAODIAOSUWEIXUEHUA,BUJINYINWEIDONGBEIDEDONGTIANPIAOLUOXUEHUA,ZAIXIAJIYANREDEJIJIELI,YEXIWANGTONGGUOPENQUAN,TONGGUOXUEHUADEZHUTIDIAOSU,ZHOUWEICAIYONGBINGLIEWENPUZHUANG,JIJUMINCHENGXIANCHULIANGSHUANGDEFENWEI。PENQUANDEZHOUWEIYAOXUANYONGNAILAO,XISHIRUNDESHUZHONG,RUCHUILIU、LONGZHUAHUAIDENG。ZHONGYANGGUANGCHANGJINGGUANZHIWUPEIZHIZHUYAOWEIRAOSEXIANGBUTONG,MONIZIRAN,YOUCHAOYUEZIRANDEYUANZE,TONGGUOCAOPINGDENGDIBEIZHIWU,CHENTUOCHUSECAIDEBIANHUA,YINGZAOZIRANXIUXIANDEJINGGUANTEDIAN。CHUNJIDEZHIWUXUANZEZHUYAOYIZUIZAOKAIHUADELIANQIAO,KAIDEHUANGHUA,SHIDONGBEIYINGCHUNDEXIANGZHENGZHIWU,PEIYIYIXIEJINGTAO、SHANXINGQIAOMU,KAIFENSEDEHUADUO。GUANGCHANGZHOUBIANDEZHIWUQIAOMUQUNZHIYIXIECHOULI,CHOULIZAICHUNTIANKAIZHEBAISEDEHUADUO,ZONGZHUANGHUAXU,HUAYUWEICHUNJIE,XIANGZHENGZHEMEIHAOCHUNTIANDEDAOLAI,TONGGUOZAOCHUNDEZHIWULAITIGAOJUMINDEYUYUEGAN。GUANGCHANGPUZHUANGDUOCAIYONGMUZHANDAO,ZENGTIANZIRANDEQUWEI。JINNIANLAIJUMINYUELAIYUEXIHUANKEGUANSHANGKESHIYONGDEYUANLINZHIWU、GUOSHUDENG,ZAIHUAJIASHANGZHONGZHIPUTAO,BUGUANGZENGJIALECHUIZHIDELVHUALV,HAIHUIFANGBIANJUMINSHIYONG,MEIDAOXIAJIYANRESHIHOU,ZAIXIAMIANZHEYIN,YOUHUIZAIGUOSHICHENGSHUZHIJILAIZHAIPUTAO,HUOSHIDAIZHEXIAOHAIZILAIJINXINGCAIZHAI,YOUYOULIYUPUJIYUANLINZHIWUWENHUA。ZAIGUANGCHANGNEIDEHUATANSHANGZHONGZHIDAHUAXUANCAO、JINYUCAO、MEINVYINGDENGXIAJIKAIHUADEHUAHUI,HUATANBIANZHONGZHIYIXIEXIAODEGUANMU,RUDINGXIANGHUA、YUYEMEIDENG,QIAOMUZHONGZHIJINYEYU、CHUIYU,ZHEIYANGFUYOUKONGJIANDECENGCIGAN,TIXIANSHENGWUDEDUOYANGXING。GUANGCHANGNEISHEJILEYIGEXIAOSHUICHI,SHUICHINEIZHONGZHISHUILIAN,ZHOUBIANZHONGZHIXIONGJINGJIAOXIAODECHUILIU,CHUILIUZAIFENGZHONGYAOYE,ZAISHUICHIZHONGDANGYANG,YINGZAOLEYIZHONGTIEJINZIRAN,YOURONGYUZIRANDEJINGGUAN。

                        2.2.4、宅旁绿地空间。

                        ZHAIPANGLVDIZHONGZHIDEZHIWUZHONGLEIBUYIGUODUO,DANYEYAOBIMIANYIXIEZHIWUPEIZHISHANGDEDANDIAO,ZAIXUANZESHUZHONGSHANG,YAOZHUYIXUANYONGWUDU、WUCIJIXINGQIWEI、WUCIDENGZHIWU,XUANYONGSECAIYANLI,XINGTAIMEIGUANDEZHIWUJINXINGPEIZHI。TONGGUOZHIWUDEDUOYUANHUADAZAOJINGGUAN,KEYISHIJINGGUANBIANDECUOLUOYOUZHI。ZHIWUXUANPEIYIQIAOMUWEIZHU,GUANMU、HUACAOWEIFU,DAZAOFUCENGHUNJIAOLVHUAMOSHI[8]。SUSHENGSHUYUMANSHENGSHUXIANGHUJIEHE,ZAIZHONGZHIWEIZHISHANG,HUIYOUYIXIEWEIZHIYINWEIJIANZHUDENGWUTIZHEDANGYANGGUANG,ZAOCHENGYINYINGQU,ZAIXUANZESHUZHONGSHANGMIAN,YAOXUANZENAIYINDEZHIWU,RUZIYUZAN。ZAIZHAIPANGLVDIYESHIJUMINSUOJUHUANJINGZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEBUFEN,SHICHENLIAN、LIUGOU、DOUNIAODENGHAOQUCHU。ZAIZHAIPANGLVDIJIANSHETINGZI,XIAOLUZHONGYONGBAISEHUAGANGYANPUZHUANG,YINGZAOQUJINGTONGYOUDEHUANJING,LVZHIDUOYIKUOYEQIAOMUWEIZHU,MENGGULI、SHANLI,PEIYIHONGWANGZIJINDAI、ZHENZHUXIUXIANJUDENGGUANMU,HUAHUIZHONGZHIYICHUANHONG、ZIYUZAN、KONGQUECAODENGCHANGYONGHUAHUI。ZHUYICAODIYAOXUANYONGNAIXIUJIAN、NAIJIANTADECAOZHONG。

                        2.2.5、 草坪休息区。

                        CIQUYUSHIXIAOQUZHONGCHONGDANGLE“RUAN”GUANGCHANGDEJIAOSE,SHICHENGZAIXIAOQUNEIHUODONGDEZHONGYAOCHANGSUO,WEIJUMINTIGONGTANG、WO、PA、ZUO、TIAODENGGEZHONGHUODONGDEZAITI。HAIZIKEYIZAICAOPINGQUXIXIWANSHUA,LAORENKEYISHAITAIYANG,YIPINGHEANJINGWEIZHU。

                        3、 结论

                        BENSHEJIZHIZAIDAZAOYIGEYINDIZHIYI,SIJIYOUJINGKEGUANDESHUSHIXIAOQU,DONGJIJINGGUANTUCHU“WUSONG”JINGGUANTESE,DAPEIHONGRUIMU,WEIYINZHUANGSUGUODESHIJIEZHONGZENGTIANSECAI,ZAIKONGJIANCENGCISHANG,YONGDIBEI、HUAHUI、GUANMU、QIAOMUDENGDAPEI,CENGCIDUOYANGHUADETONGSHI,YECHANSHENGWUZHONGDUOYANGHUADEXIAOGUO。ZAIJIXIANGSHANG,CHUNJIYILIANQIAO、YUYEMEI、JINGTAO、SHANXINGDENGZAOCHUNGUANHUAZHIWUWEIZHU,HUANGBAIFENXIANGHUHUYING,DAZAOZAOCHUNCHUNJIANGRANDEJINGSE;XIAJIXUANYONGZHENZHUXIUXIANJUQIU、DINGXIANGHUA、HONGWANGZIJINDAI、HUOJUSHU、RENDONG、XIANGHUAHUAIDENGZHIWU,RANGMEIGEYUEFENDOUYOUJINGKEGUAN;QIUJIZHUYAOPEIYIHUANGLU、CHATIAOQI、WUJIAOFENG、TANGQIDENGYESEBIANHUADESHUZHONG,CONGLVDAOHONGZAIDAOHUANG,YIXILIEDEYANSEBIANHUA,JIAYIZIYELIDENGZHIWUCHENTUO,XINGCHENGLESECAIXIANYANDEFENGJINGXIAN;DONGJIZHIWUPEIZHIZHUYAOYIZHANGZISONG、YOUSONG、HONGPIYUNSHAN、QINGQIANYUNSHANDENGCHANGLVSHUZHONGPEIYIHONGRUIMU、YANFULAIMUDENGDONGJIGUANGANDEZHIWU,ZAIDAPEICHUILIUDENGSHUZHISHANGJIECHENGDEWUSONG,BADONGTIANZHUANGBANDEHUANGRURENJIANXIANJING。

                        参考文献

                        [1] 郭笑梅.北方居住区绿化种植与水景景观设计研究——以京津地区居住区环境景观设计为例[D].河北:河北工业大学,2009:1-3.
                        [2] 赵丽.居住小区绿化设计原则[J].现代园艺,2013(11):91-92.
                        [3] 张文杰“.近自然”城市园林理论研究[J].山东林业科技,2008(3):94-96.
                        [4] 张亚辉.小区规划中的生态小区规划设计理念[J].江西建材,2012(1):16-17.
                        [5] 胡海云,金彩霞.浅谈园林设计理念及其原则[J].现代园艺,2016(19):90-91.
                        [6] 庞洁,卢广昌.南宁市居住小区主入口园林景观的调查分析[J].现代园艺,2017(14):111-113.
                        [7] 张海峰.简述园林景观设计中的喷泉运用[J].农业与技术,2015,35(8):175.
                      棋牌大全下载安装   [8] 陈超,吴少华.居住区活动场地规划设计[J].现代园艺,2015(1):95-98.

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