棋牌大全下载安装

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            建筑防水施工中工程监理如何控制施工质量

            时间:2018-12-26 10:27作者:张树荣
            本文导读:这是一篇关于建筑防水施工中工程监理如何控制施工质量的文章,监理工程师是根据国家相关法律法规,对整个建筑工程项目进行严格控制监管的工作人员,工程监理属于一种工程咨询服务工作,工作的最终目的是为了保证工程质量,实现建筑工程项目的经济利益最大化。

              摘    要: 棋牌大全下载安装本文先简单分析了监理工程师在建筑防水施工中扮演的角色,随后对建筑防水施工中存在的通病进行了归纳总结,并根据以上内容对监理工程师控制建筑工程的防水施工质量提出了六项可行措施,希望对工程防水质量控制提供参考。

              关键词: 监理; 建筑防水工程; 质量控制;

              0 、引言

              JIANLIGONGCHENGSHISHIGENJUGUOJIAXIANGGUANFALVFAGUI,DUIZHENGGEJIANZHUGONGCHENGXIANGMUJINXINGYANGEKONGZHIJIANGUANDEGONGZUORENYUAN,GONGCHENGJIANLISHUYUYIZHONGGONGCHENGZIXUNFUWUGONGZUO,GONGZUODEZUIZHONGMUDESHIWEILEBAOZHENGGONGCHENGZHILIANG,SHIXIANJIANZHUGONGCHENGXIANGMUDEJINGJILIYIZUIDAHUA。

              1 、工程监理在建筑施工中的特点及作用

              GONGCHENGJIANLIGONGZUOJUYOUFUWUXING、KEXUEXING、DULIXINGHEGONGPINGXINGSIXIANGTEDIAN:(1)FUWUXING,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIJINXINGDEGONGZUOSHIYIZHONGGONGCHENGJIANGUANFUWU,XUYAOZAIDEDAOJIANSHEDANWEIWEITUOHOUJINXING;(2)KEXUEXING,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIDEGONGZUOBUJINSHIJIANDANDIDUISHIGONGJINDUJINXINGDUCU,ERQIEYAOGENJUJIANZHUSHEJIDUIGONGCHENGZHILIANGJINXINGKONGZHI,YOUJIAOQIANGZHUANYEXING;(3)DULIXING,GONGCHENGJIANLIGONGZUOSHIZAIJIANSHEDANWEIYUSHIGONGDANWEIJIANQIJIANGUANZUOYONGDEDISANFANGDANWEI,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIBUNENGYIKAOJIANSHEDANWEIHESHIGONGFANGJINXINGZUZHIGONGZUOHEJINGJIDIAOKONG;(4)GONGPINGXING,DANGKAIFASHANG、SHIGONGDANWEIHEXIAOFEIZHEJIANYINJIANZHUZHILIANGCHUXIANMAODUN,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIYINGZAIZHONGJIANQIDAOGONGPINGGONGZHENGDEDIAOJIEZUOYONG,JIANCHIYIFABANSHI,SHISHIQIUSHIDEWEIHUJIANSHEDANWEIHESHIGONGDANWEIQUANYI。

            棋牌大全下载安装   GONGCHENGJIANLIGONGZUONENGGOUGUIFANJIANZHUSHIGONGZHILIANG,TISHENGGONGCHENGXIAOLV,QIENENGWEIHUSHEHUIXIAOYI。KEXUEYOUXIAODEGONGCHENGJIANLIGONGZUOBUJINNENGGOUDUIJIANZHUANQUANXINGTIGONGQIANGYOULIDEBAOZHANGYEDUIJIANSHEXIANGMUGESHIGONGDANWEIDEHEXINJINGZHENGLIFAZHANYOUYIDINGYINGXIANG,NENGGOUTUIDONGJIANZHUGONGCHENGXIANGHELIGUIFANDEFANGXIANGJIANSHE,FAHUIJIANGUANZUOYONG,ZAIJIANZHUSHIGONGJIANZAOQIJIANJIANGQUEXIANLOUDONGJIEJUE,JIANSHAOFANGONGCISHU[1]。

              2、 建筑防水施工的不足

              建筑工程完工后出现渗水、漏水的情况比较常见,主要是因为在建筑施工中缺乏科学合理的工程监理工作,施工单位在建设施工时不注意控制钢筋搭接和混凝土入模温度、后期养护不到位、防水涂层厚度不足等问题都会导致建筑防水系数不达标的情况产生。建筑防水质量监理工作主要是由于工程中存在施工现场监管力度不足、监理工程师的管理水平不达标、防水设计不够合理、建筑完工时没有检查隐蔽防水项目、防水建材质量不合标准、施工团队专业能力不足等导致检测不合格[2]。
             

            建筑防水施工中工程监理如何控制施工质量
             

              3、 工程监理在建筑防水施工中控制质量的有效措施

              WEISHIXIANDUISHIGONGJIEZOUDEWANQUANBAWO,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIXUYAOZAIKAIGONGQIAN,DUISHIGONGXIANGMUDEJUTIQINGKUANGYOUSHENRULEJIE,SHENCHABAOKUOGONGCHENGSHEJILINIAN、SHIGONGCAILIAOBIAOZHUN、SHIGONGXIANCHANGHEZHOUBIANHUANJINGTEDIAN、SHIGONGDANWEIZHUANYESUZHIDENGZAINEIDEYAOSU,GENJUYIWANGJIANLIJINGYANJIGONGCHENGTEDIANPANDUANGONGCHENGFANGSHUISHIGONGGEHUANJIESHIFOUHELI,ZAIGONGCHENGKAISHIDONGTUQIANDUIQIANZAIDEWENTICAIQUXIANGYINGJIEJUEFANGAN。WEIZHENGGEJIANZHUGONGCHENGXIANGMUDAXIALIANGHAOKAIDUAN。

              3.1、 加大现场监管力度

            棋牌大全下载安装   JIANZHUGONGCHENGZUIZHONGWANGONGSHICHENGXIANDEFANGSHUIXIAOGUOSHIFOUDABIAOSHIJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIZAIJINXINGJIANZHUFANGSHUIZHILIANGKONGZHIDEZHONGDIANNEIRONG。JIANZHUDEFANGSHUIXINGNENGZHIJIEYINGXIANGRENMENDESHENGHUOZHILIANGHEJIANZHUANQUANXISHU,SHIGONGXIANCHANGDEJIANLIGONGZUOMIANLINXUDUOBUQUEDINGYINSU,RUGUOGONGCHENGSHEJIFASHENGBIANDONG,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIYAODUIXINDESHEJIYANGESHENCHA,QUERENWUWUCAINENGJIXUJINXINGSHIGONGZUOYE,SHIGONGDANWEIBUDEZAIMEIYOUDEDAOJIANLIGONGCHENGSHISHOUKENDEQINGKUANGXIASIZIBIANGENGJIANZHUSHIGONGJIHUAHESHEJI。ZAISHIGONGXIANCHANG,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIKEYICAIQUPANGZHANJIANLIHECELIANGJIANLIXIANGJIEHEDEGONGZUOFANGSHI,YIQIDADAOZUIJIAJIANGUANXIAOGUO。

              RU:MOUJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIZAIJINXINGSHIGONGXIANCHANGJIANGUANSHI,JIANSHEDANWEIGAOZHIJIANZHUSHEJIBIANGENG,GAIJIANLIGONGCHENGSHILIJIDUIDIAOZHENGHOUDEXINSHEJIJINXINGSHENHE,DUIBIXINJIUSHEJIDEQUBIEZHICHUHOU,XUNSUPANDUANGAISHEJIKEXINGXING,QUERENHEGEHOUZUZHIGONGCHENGSHEJISHIYUGONGCHENGJISHURENYUANKAIHUITAOLUNLEYUZHIXIANGFUHEDEJIANLIJIHUAHECAILIAOBIAOZHUN。ZHONGXINKAIGONGHOU,MEIRIZAISHIGONGXIANCHANGSHISHIGENZONGJIANZHUSHIGONGJINDU,SUISHIJIANCHAJIANKONGXIANCHANGSHIGONGZHILIANG,FAXIANWENTIHOUJISHITONGZHISHIGONGDANWEIZHENGGAI,TONGSHIGENJUSHEJITIGONGDEGUIFANBIAOZHUNJINXINGCELIANG,YIDANFAXIANFANGSHUICENGHOUDUBUDABIAOHUOHUNNINGTUNEIWAIWENDUWUCHAGUODADENGWENTINENGGOUJISHIYAOQIUSHIGONGDANWEIGAIZHENG,JIDADIJIANSHAOLEFANGONGLV。

              BENWENZHONGSUOXIEDEXIANCHANGJIANLIGONGZUORUTU1SUOSHI。

              图1 建筑施工现场监理
            图1 建筑施工现场监理

              3.2、 提升工程监理团队工作水平

            棋牌大全下载安装   MUQIANWOGUOGONGCHENGJIANLIXINGYEBIJIAOQUEFAGONGCHENGJIANLIRENCAI,TONGSHIXUDUOGONGCHENGJIANLIFUWUQIYEZHAOPINDAODEJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIJINGYANBUZU,YOUXUDUOSHIMEIYOUCHIZHENGSHANGGANGDESHIXISHENG,JIANLIFUWUQIYEYINGJIAQIANGDUISHIXIJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIDEPEIXUNLIDU,JIANLIXIANGGUANDEKAOHEJINSHENGZHIDU,JIJIANLIGONGCHENGSHITIGAOZISHENZHUANYEXINGTIGONGDONGLI。TONGSHIZAIZHAOPINSHIDUODAOGAOXIAOKAISHEXUANJIANGHUI,ZHUDONGXUNZHAOGONGCHENGJIANLIRENCAI。

              RU:MOUJIANLIFUWUQIYEMEINIANDOUDAOZHOUBIANGEDAGAOXIAOKAISHEZHAOPINXUANJIANGHUI,JIJIXINAZHUANYERENCAI,TONGGUOJINGZHENGSHANGGANGDEFANGSHIYOUHUAZISHENRENCAIJIEGOU。DUIZHAOPINJINRUQIYEDEYUANGONG,DUOZUZHIPEIXUNXUEXI,YOUJINGYANFENGFUDEJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIDAIXINYUANGONGSHUXIGONGZUO,DUODAOSHIGONGXIANCHANGJILEIJINGYAN,MEIYUEDOUZUZHIPEIXUN,MEINIANYICIKAOHE,KAOHETONGGUODESHIXIJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIYUYIZHUANZHENG,CHENGJITUCHUDELAOJIANLIGONGCHENGSHINENGGOUDEDAOJINSHENGJIHUI,TONGGUOZHEIYANGDEFANGFAYOUXIAOJIFALEYUANGONGZAIJINXINGJIANLIGONGZUOSHIDEREQING,CUJINJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIJIJIJINXINGZIWONENGLIDETISHENG。

              3.3、 协助设计合理防水计划

            棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIJINXINGJIANZHUFANGSHUIGONGCHENGSHIGONGQIAN,YIFENKEXUEHELIDEFANGSHUISHEJIFANGANDUIJIANZHUFANGSHUIGONGCHENGNENGFOUSHUNLISHISHIYOUZHIDAOZUOYONG,JIANLIRENYUANZAIJIAQIANGXIANCHANGJIANGUANLIDUDETONGSHIYEYAOCANYUDAOFANGSHUIGONGCHENGSHEJIZHONG,BUJINNENGGENGJIALEJIEGONGCHENGNEIRONG,DUIJIANZHUFANGSHUIXINGNENGYEHUIQIDAOGENGHAODEBAOZHANGZUOYONG。JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIKEYIYUFANGSHUIGONGCHENGSHEJISHIDUOGOUTONG,TAOLUNCHUZUIFUHEJIANZHUTEDIANHEYAOQIUDEFANGSHUIJIHUA,SHISHISHENCHAFANGSHUIJIHUAKEXINGXING,FAXIANWENTILIJIZHENGGAI。

            棋牌大全下载安装   RU:MOUJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIWEIGENGHAODEZHANGWOJIANZHUFANGSHUIZHILIANGKONGZHIGONGZUO,YUFANGSHUIGONGCHENGSHEJISHIPEIHEWANCHENGLEFANGSHUISHEJI,DUIFANGSHUIGONGZUOYOULESHENRULEJIE,ZAISHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGDUIXIANGGUANSHIGONGRENYUANJINXINGJISHUCAOZUOJIANGJIE,YANGEKONGZHILEXIANCHANGFANGSHUIZUOYEDEGUIFANXING,JIDACHENGDUDEBAOZHANGLEGAIJIANZHUDEFANGSHUIXING,YOUXIAOKONGZHILEJIANZHUFANGSHUIGONGCHENGFANGONGLV。

              3.4 、严查建筑防水隐蔽项目

              JIANZHUSHIGONGSHIYOUXUDUOYINBIXIANGMU,RUPUSHEGUANDAODENG,YOUYUYINBIXIANGMUSHENCHAJIAOWEIKUNNAN,XUDUOSHIGONGDANWEIWEISUODUANGONGQIBUZHUYIKONGZHIYINBIXIANGMUDEFANGSHUIZHILIANG,YINCIGONGCHENGJIANLIRENYUANYAODUIYINBIXIANGMUDEFANGSHUIZHILIANGJIADAJIANDULIDU,YAOSHISHIBIANSHIGONGBIANSHENCHADEMOSHIJINXINGJIANLI,YIJIANZHUSHEJITUWEIBIAOZHUNSHENCHA,YOUJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIXIANCHANGCHUBUSHENCHAHOUJIANGBAOGAOJIAODAOJIANLIQIYEFUCHA,HEGEHOUJINXINGXIAYIBUSHIGONG。

              RU:MOUJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIZAIJIANZHUSHIGONGXIANCHANGDUIYINBIXIANGMUGENZONGJIANLI,ZAIWANGONGHOUDIYISHIJIANSHENCHA,CHUCHAHEGEHOUJIANGBAOGAOCHUANDAOJIANZHUQIYEZONGBUFUCHA,DEDAOSHOUKENHOUCAIYUNXUSHIGONGDANWEIJINXINGXIAYIBUHUNNINGTUJIAOZHUZUOYE。TONGGUOZHEIZHONGJIANLIFANGSHI,SHIGONGDANWEIZAIFANGSHUIZUOYESHINENGGOUGENGJIZHONGDEGONGZUO,TISHENGLEJIANZHUSHIGONGXIANCHANGDUIFANGSHUIGONGCHENGDEZHONGSHI,YOUZHUYUDUJUEYINSHIGONGRENYUANXIEDAIDAOZHIDEFANGSHUIZHILIANGBUDABIAODEWENTI,TONGSHIBAOZHENGLESHENCHAGONGZUODEJISHIJINXING,BUZHIYINSHENCHATUOMANGONGCHENGJINDU。

              3.5、 控制防水材料质量

              JIANZHUFANGSHUIZHILIANGDABIAOLVYUFANGSHUICAILIAODEZHILIANGCHENGZHENGBI,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIYINGDUIFANGSHUICAILIAODEXUANGOUYANGEBAGUAN,YAOQIUCAIGOURENYUANDUISHIMIANSHANGDEFANGSHUICAILIAOXINGJIABISHENRUDIAOCHA,ZAIKONGZHIHAOCHENGBENYUSUANDETONGSHIXUANZETONGDENGJIZHONGFANGSHUIXINGNENGZUIJIADECAILIAO,BINGZIXIJIANCHACHANPINPIHAO。ZAIFANGSHUICAILIAOJINRUSHIGONGXIANCHANGQIAN,ZHUYIJIANCHAHEGEZHENGDENGJIBENXINXISHIFOUQUANMIAN,BIMIANHUNRUCANCIPIN。YIDANJIANCHACHUBUHEGEDECHANPIN,YINGLIJILIANXIGONGHUOSHANGDIAOHUAN,BIMIANYICICHONGHAODEXINGWEI。

            棋牌大全下载安装   RU:MOUJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIZAIXUANZECAILIAOSHI,YAOQIUCAIGOURENYUANJIANGSHIMIANSHANGDEFANGSHUICAILIAOZHENGLICHENGTUBIAO,XUANZEXINGJIABIGAODEJIZHONGCHANPINQUYANGJIANYAN,XUANZEHEGELVZUIGAODEFANGSHUICAILIAO,ZAICAILIAORUCHANGHOUHESHIYONGQIANDOUJINXINGZAICIJIANCHA,CONGGENYUANSHANGBAOZHENGLEJIANZHUFANGSHUIZHILIANGDEHEGELV。

              3.6、 审查施工人员水平

              ZAIJIANZHUGONGCHENGXIANGMUZHONG,SHIGONGANQUANYUSHIGONGZHILIANGYIYANGSHIJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIDEZHONGDIANJIANLIFANGXIANG,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIXUYAOZAIBAOZHENGGONGMINRENSHENANQUANDEQIANTIXIAJINXINGGONGCHENGZHILIANGJIANDUGONGZUO。MUQIANJIXIEZIDONGHUAZAIJIANZHUGONGCHENGZHONGYINGYONGGUANGFAN,ZAIFANGSHUIZUOYEZHONGYEYAOYONGDAOYIXIEJIXIE,DANXUDUOGONGMINDUIZIDONGHUAJIXIEHAIBUSHUXI,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIXUYAOZAISHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGDINGQIDUIZHUANYEZHISHIBUZUDEGONGMINJINXINGXITONGPEIXUN。

              RU:MOUJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIZAIBANGZHUJIANSHEDANWEIXUANZESHIGONGQIYESHIDUISHIGONGRENYUANZHUANYESUZHIYANGESHENCHA,DUIQUESHAOYINGYESHOUXUDEJIANZHUQIYEBUYUHEZUO,JIEHESHICHANGDIAOCHASHUJU,XUANZEJINWUNIANCHENGBAOXIANGMUHEGELVGAOFANGONGLVSHAODESHIGONGQIYEHEZUO。QUEDINGHEZUODUIXIANGHOUDUISHIGONGQIYEDEGONGRENJINXINGZHUANYENENGLIKAOHE,YAOQIUSHIGONGQIYEDUIKAOHECHENGJIBUDABIAODESHIGONGRENYUANJINXINGTIHUAN,BIMIANYINQIZHUANYENENGLIBUZUCHANSHENGDEJIANZHUFANGSHUIZHILIANGJIANQUANXISHUBUDABIAODEQINGKUANGFASHENG,BINGZAISHIGONGQIANDUISHIGONGRENYUANJINXINGJITIDEFANGSHUIGONGCHENGZHUANYEZHISHIPEIXUN,CIWAIHAIZAISHIGONGXIANCHANGRUKOUCHUFANGZHIANQUANBIAOYU,YAOQIUGONGRENYANGEANZHAOANQUANBIAOZHUNSHIGONG,DUJUECHUXIANRENYUANSHANGWANGDEQINGKUANG,WEIJIANZHUDEFANGSHUIZHILIANGKONGZHITIGONGLEYOULIBAOZHANG[3]。

              4、 结论

              ZONGZHI,JIANZHUGONGCHENGDEFANGSHUISHIGONGZHILIANGKONGZHI,DUIYUGONGCHENGDEZHILIANGYOUJUEDINGZUOYONG,BUJINNENGGOUYOUXIAOKONGZHIRIHOUKENENGCHUXIANDEFANGWULOUSHUIWENTI,DUIFANGWUDEMEIGUANDUHESHIYONGSHOUMINGYEYOUTISHENGZUOYONG,WEILEGENGHAODIJINXINGGAIXIANGGONGZUO,JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIXUYAOYOUYISHIDETISHENGZIJIGONGZUONENGLI。

              参考文献

              [1]王小燕.工程监理在建筑工程施工中的作用及质量控制研究[J].建材与装饰,2019(28):163-164.
              [2]李伟彬.监理工程师在建筑工程施工中的质量控制[J].河南建材,2017(5):139-141.
              [3]涂泽远.探讨房屋建筑工程屋面防水施工技术监理质量控制[J].四川水泥,2017(10):233.

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