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                            • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 工程师论文 > 水利水电施工常见质量问题与控制措施

                              水利水电施工常见质量问题与控制措施

                              时间:2019-03-20 13:41作者:华璐阳 王运 华联军
                              本文导读:这是一篇关于水利水电施工常见质量问题与控制措施的文章,水利水电工程施工环节较多,做好前期设计工作极具必要性,同时还要强化施工管理,并做好后期维护作业。总体上,管理工作需覆盖至各施工环节,通过可行的控制措施为施工质量提供保障,从而推动水利水电工程事业的发展

                                摘    要: 水利水电工程是推动社会发展重要基础,对于施工技术提出较高要求,在确保施工质量的前提下方可提升工程整体的使用效果。本文则以水利水电工程为背景,针对其施工特点展开探讨,总结存在的问题,在此基础上提出质量管理措施,以期提升质量管理的规范性,确保工程整体质量。

                                关键词: 水利水电; 工程施工; 质量管理;

                                SHUILISHUIDIANGONGCHENGSHIGONGHUANJIEJIAODUO,ZUOHAOQIANQISHEJIGONGZUOJIJUBIYAOXING,TONGSHIHAIYAOQIANGHUASHIGONGGUANLI,BINGZUOHAOHOUQIWEIHUZUOYE。ZONGTISHANG,GUANLIGONGZUOXUFUGAIZHIGESHIGONGHUANJIE,TONGGUOKEXINGDEKONGZHICUOSHIWEISHIGONGZHILIANGTIGONGBAOZHANG,CONGERTUIDONGSHUILISHUIDIANGONGCHENGSHIYEDEFAZHAN。

                                1、 工程施工建设特点

                              棋牌大全下载安装   (1)ZHUANYEXINGQIANG。CONGGONGCHENGJIANSHEHUANJINGLAIKAN,ZHUYAOFASHENGYUHEDAO、HUBODENGQUYU,SHIGONGZUOYESHIYISHOUDAODIXING、SHUIWENDENGDUOFANGMIANYINSUYINGXIANG。DUICI,SHIGONGYINGZUNXUNYINDIZHIYIYUANZE,LIZUYUXIANCHANGSHIJIQINGKUANG,WEIZHICAIQUZHUANYEDEJISHUSHOUDUAN,TISHENGSHIGONGZHILIANG。

                                (2)GONGNENGDUOYANGHUA。XIANGJIAOYUCHANGGUIGONGCHENG,SHUILISHUIDIANGONGCHENGZAIFAHUICHUXUSHUIGONGNENGDETONGSHI,HAIJUYOUDANGSHUI、GUANSHUIDENGDUOZHONGGONGNENG,YINCIDUISHUIGONGJIANZHUWUTICHUGENGGAOYAOQIU,BIXUJUYOUYOULIANGDEKANGSHENXING、WENDINGXINGDENG。GEHUANJIESHIGONGZUOYEZHONG,XUYIXINGYEJISHUGUIFANWEIZHIDAO,ZUOHAOZHILIANGGUANLI,CONGERQUEBAOGEXIANGGONGNENGDEYIYOUXIAOFAHUI。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   (3)ANQUANFENGXIANDA。YOUYUSHUILISHUIDIANGONGCHENGDUOJIANSHEYUJIAOTONGBUBIANDESHANDIQUDAI,ZAIBAOPODENGHUANJIESHIGONGZUOYESHICUNZAIJIAODUOWEIXIAN,WEIQUEBAOANQUANSHIGONGZUOYE,JIUBIXULUOSHIANQUANDIYIDEYUANZE,CHUANGJIANKEKAODEANQUANZHIDUBINGJIANGQIJIANXINGZHISHIJIZHIZHONG,JINKENENGGAISHANXIANCHANGSHIGONGHUANJING,CONGGENBENSHANGJIANGPAICHUANQUANYINHUAN,YIMIANZAISHIGONGZHONGCHUXIANANQUANSHIGU。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   (4)SHIGONGTIAOJIANCHA。ZONGTISHANG,GONGCHENGSHIGONGJIAOWEIFUZA,XIANCHANGSHIGONGHUANJINGJIAOWEIKEKE,YISHOUDAOBAOYU、HUAPODENGYINSUDEYINGXIANG。DUICI,XUCONGGONGCHENGSHIJIQINGKUANGCHUFA,CHUANGJIANWANSHANDESHIGONGFANGAN,ZAICIJICHUSHANGZONGHEKAOLVXIANCHANGSHIGONGZHUANGKUANG,WEIZHICAIQULINGHUODIAOZHENGCUOSHI,YIBIANTISHENGJISHUFANGANYUGONGCHENGSHIKUANGDEXIANGSHIXING,WEISHIGONGZUOYETIGONGZHIDAO。

                                2、 施工中常见的质量问题

                                2.1、 质量意识淡薄

                              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHILIANGSHIRENHEGONGCHENGXIANGMUDEZUIZHONGZHUIQIUMUBIAO,DUIYUSHUILISHUIDIANGONGCHENGERYANYISHIRUCI。DANZONGGUANSHIJIQINGKUANG,GELEISHIGONGZHILIANGWENTILVJIANBUXIAN,ZHURUYUNNANLINCANGZHENAIDIANZHANTANTADENG,YIXILIEGONGCHENGSHIGUDOUYINFAYANZHONGDEJINGJISUNSHI,SHENZHIWEIXIERENMENDEANQUAN。ZHUIGENSUYUAN,YUSHIGONGZHILIANGQIANJIAYOUZHIJIEGUANXI,JUTIYOUTIXIANZAIZHILIANGYISHIDANBO、QUEFAHELIDEZHILIANGKONGZHICUOSHI、MANGMUYASUOGONGQI、WEIYIJUJIDINGLIUCHENGZHANKAISHIGONGZUOYEDENGFANGMIAN。

                                2.2、 材料管理不到位

                                材料是施工作业的重要基础,也直接影响到施工质量。若缺乏合理的管理措施,将不达标的材料应用于施工中,也会引发质量问题。现阶段,偷工减料已经成为工程建设领域的常见现象,但国家方面并未出台明确的规定,因此助长了使用劣质材料的不良风气,经施工后水工建筑物表现出质量不达标等问题,并产生大量安全隐患。
                               

                              水利水电施工常见质量问题与控制措施
                               

                                2.3 、施工工序、工艺不当

                                GONGCHENGDESHUNLIKAIZHANXUDEDAOSHIGONGGONGYIDEZHICHI,QIEGEHUANJIEDOUYAOSHUNZHETEDINGDEGONGXUZHANKAI,FOUZEYEHUIDUIZHILIANGZAOCHENGYINGXIANG。YITUBADIJISHIGONGWEILI,RUOMEIYOUJIANGQUYUNEIDECAOPIDENGZAWUQINGLIGANJING,ZAICIHUANJINGXIAZHANKAIKAIWAZUOYESHIJIRONGYICHUXIANANPOBUPINGSHUNDEXIANXIANG,BINGJIANGDIDIJIDEWENDINGXING。ERZAIYASHISHIGONGZHONG,RUOWUFAMANZUSHEJIYAOQIU,ZAIBUFENSHIGONGQUYUJIANGCHANSHENGSONGTU,SUIZHIYINFAZHILIANGANQUANWENTI。FENXIQIYUANYIN,KEFENWEILIANGFANGMIAN:YISHIZHUGUANYINSU,LIRUSHIGONGFANGGUODUZHUIQIULIYI、CAIQUDEJISHUFANGANBUHELIDENG;ERSHIKEGUANFANGMIAN,LIRUXIANCHANGHUANJINGDEGANRAO、YUANCAILIAOZHILIANGBUDABIAODENG。

                                3 、施工质量管理控制措施

                                3.1 、施工前的质量管理控制

                                (1)CHUANGJIANWANSHANDEZHILIANGGUANLITIXI。SHUILISHUIDIANGONGCHENGDESHIGONGHUANJINGJIAOWEIFUZA,XUDEDAODUOGECANYUFANGDEZHICHI,CISHICHUANGJIANWANSHANDEZHILIANGGUANLITIXIYOUWEIGUANJIAN,XUTIXIANZAIKANCHASHEJI、SHIGONGZUOYEDENGDUOGEFANGMIAN,YIBIANJISHIGONGDANWEIDENGDUOGECANYUZHUTITIGONGZHIDAO,JISHIXUNZHAOWENTIBINGCAIQUZHENDUIXINGCUOSHI。ZAIZHILIANGGUANLITIXIDEZHIDAOXIA,KETISHENGGECANYUFANGDEGOUTONGXIAOLV,XIETONGZUOHAOZHILIANGGUANLIGONGZUO,CONGYUANTOUSHANGKONGZHIZHILIANGWENTI,ZUODAOFANGWEIDUJIAN。

                                (2)YANGEKONGZHICAILIAOZHILIANG。ZHUDUOYINSUJUNHUIDUISHIGONGZHILIANGZAOCHENGYINGXIANG,QIZHONGYIYUANCAILIAOYOUWEIGUANJIAN,ZAIQUEFAZHILIANGGUANLIDEHUANJINGXIA,JIANGZHIJIEWEIXIEDAOSHIGONGZHILIANG。DUICI,XUCONGCAIGOU、JIANYAN、SHIGONGDENGDUOGEHUANJIECHUFA,WEIZHICAIQUQUANMIANDEZHILIANGKONGZHICUOSHI,JISHIFAXIANBUDABIAOCAILIAO。ZUOHAOCAILIAOZHILIANGKONGZHI,XUCONGRUXIAJIGEFANGMIANRUSHOU:CAIGOURENYUANJUBEIPANDUANGELEICAILIAOXINGNENGDENENGLI,KETIAOXUANCHUYUSHIGONGXUQIUXIANGFUDECAILIAO;CHUANGJIANCAILIAOSHIYONGJIHUA,WEIGEHUANJIESHIGONGTIGONGBAOZHANG,QUEBAOSHIGONGZUOYEDECHIXUXING;QIANGHUADUICAILIAODEBAOGUAN,YIMIANCAILIAOBIANZHIHUOXINGNENGXIAJIANG,QIZHONGYISHUINIYOUWEIGUANJIAN,FANGCHAOCUOSHIBIBUKESHAO,KONGZHIHAODAIZHUANGSHUINIDEFANGZHISHIJIAN,XUZAI3GEYUENEI,QIEZAISHIYONGQIANXUZUOHAOZHILIANGJIANYAN;ZHENDUIGELEIJINCHANGCAILIAO,XUJIANYANHEGEZHENG,JUTITIXIANZAICAILIAOLEIBIE、CHUCHANGRIQIDENGFANGMIAN,SUOYOUSHUJUZHIBIAODOUYAOMANZUSHEJIYAOQIU。

                                (3)JINXINGZHILIANGANQUANYISHIJIAOYU。SHIGONGZUOYEDEKAIZHANXUDEDAO“REN”DEZHICHI,SHIGONGRENYUANZAIZHANKAIGEHUANJIEZUOYEDETONGSHI,HAISHIZHONGYAODEZUZHIZHE,SUOYOUGONGCHENGRENYUANDOUYAOJUBEIZUGOUDEANQUANYISHI,WEISHIGONGZHILIANGTIGONGBAOZHANG。DUICI,GANGQIANPEIXUNSHIBIBUKESHAODEYIXIANGGONGZUO,XUYAOMIANXIANGSUOYOUGONGCHENGRENYUANZHANKAIPEIXUN,TIXIANZAIFALVFAGUI、ANQUANGUANLIDENGDUOGECENGMIAN,LINGSHIGONGRENYUANKEYIZHUNQUERENZHIDAOGONGCHENGZHILIANGDEZHONGYAOXING,ZAIRICHANGGONGZUOZHONGBINGCHENG“ANQUANDIYI”DEYUANZE,JIJIXIESHOUQUEBAOSHIGONGZHILIANG。

                                3.2、 施工期质量管理

                                (1)CELIANGFANGXIANZHILIANGGUANLI。SHIJISHIGONGZUOYEDESHUNLIKAIZHANBIXUJIANLIZAICELIANGFANGXIANDEJICHUSHANG,CIXIANGGONGZUOSHIGONGCHENGZHILIANGDEZHONGYAOYINGXIANGYINSU。DUICI,RUOYAOQUEBAOCELIANGFANGXIANZHILIANG,JIUBIXUCONGRUXIAJIDIANQIERU:(1)TIAOXUANJUYOUZHUANYESHUIPINGDECELIANGRENYUAN,XUJUBEIYANJIN、RENZHEN、SHANYUXIEZUODEBAOGUIPINZHI。(2)XINGYEJISHUSHUIPINGCHIXUTISHENG,CELIANGYIQIDEGENGXINYEBIBUKESHAO,JISHIWEIGONGCHENGYINRUXIANJINDECELIANGFANGFA。(3)QUANTIGONGCHENGRENYUANGAODUZHUZHONGCELIANGGONGZUO,WULUNSHILINGDAOHAISHIYIXIANGONGCHENGSHI,DOUYAOJIJITOUSHENYUCELIANGFANGXIANGONGZUOZHONG,XUCHENGDANQIZISHENDEZEREN,WEICIHUANJIESHIGONGZUOYETIGONGZHIDAO,SHIQIBAOZHIBAOLIANGWANCHENG。

                                (2)GONGXUZHILIANGGUANLI。SHIXINGDESHISANJIANZHIDU,JITIXIANZAICHUJIAN、FUJIANYUZHONGJIANSANGEHUANJIEZHONG,SHANGSHUGONGZUOXUYOUZHIJIANBUMENWANCHENG,ZAICIJICHUSHANGZHENGLISUODEJIEGUOBINGCHENGJIAOJIJIANLIDANWEI,CAIQUDESHIJIANCHAQIANZHENGZHIDU,ZHENDUIBUHEGEZHICHUZUOZHENDUIXINGFENXI,FANGONGBINGJIANGQIJIEJUE。RUOMOUDAOGONGXUBUHEGE,JIANGHUIDUIHOUXUSHIGONGZAOCHENGYINGXIANG,YINCIBIXUJIANGJUTIDEZHILIANGWENTIJIEJUE,ZAIMANZUCITIAOJIANHOUFANGKEJINRUDAOHOUXUSHIGONGZUOYEZHONG。YANGEZHIXINGGONGXUGUANLIJUYOUXIANSHIYIYI,SHIQUEBAOGEHUANJIESHIGONGZHILIANGDEGUANJIAN。

                                (3)SHIYANSHIZHILIANGGUANLI。JIYUSHIYANDEFANGSHI,KEQUEDINGSHIYONGYUSHIJISHIGONGHUANJINGDEGONGYICANSHU,NENGGOUJIHOUXUSHIGONGHUANJIETIGONGZHIDAO。SHIYANSHIZHENGGESHIGONGJIEDUANDEJICHUHUANJIE,TONGSHIYOUSHIZHENGSHISHIGONGDEJICHUZHICHI。DAJIANGONGDISHIYANSHISHI,XULIZUYUXIANGMUSHIJIQINGKUANG,CHONGFENKAOLVDAOXIANGMUZUOYENEIRONG、JIANSHEBIAOZHUNDENGYINSU,ZAICIJICHUXUANPAIJUYOUJIAOGAOZONGHESUZHIDESHIYANRENYUAN,ZAIRICHANGSHIYANGONGZUOZHONGKEBAOCHIKEGUAN、GONGZHENGZHIXIN,YIBIANTISHENGSHIYANSHUJUDEKEKAOXING。ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG,BUYUNXUCHUXIANBIANZAOSHUJUDEXINGWEI,XINGCHENGSHIYANBAOGAOHOUBIXUJIAOYOUTEDINGFUZERENQIANZI,BUKECHUXIANDAIQIANXINGWEI。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   (4)DANYUANGONGCHENGZHILIANGGUANLI。ZAIDUODAOGONGXURONGHEDEJICHUSHANG,BIANXINGCHENGLEDANYUANGONGCHENG,ZHEISHICHUANGJIANGONGCHENGSHITIDEJICHUDANWEI,YESHIZHILIANGKAOHEZHONGBIBUKESHAODEDUIXIANG。CONGDANYUANGONGCHENGSHIJIQINGKUANGCHUFA,ZUOHAOZHILIANGKONGZHIGONGZUOZHIGUANZHONGYAO,SHIQUEBAOGONGCHENGZHENGTIZHILIANGDEGUANJIAN。ZAIZHANKAIZHILIANGJIANYANSHI,XUYANGEZUNXUN《DANYUANGONGCHENGPINGDINGBIAOZHUN》DEXIANGGUANGUIDING。SHUILISHUIDIANGONGCHENGSHEJIDAODEHUANJIEJIAODUO,BUFENZHILIANGJIANCENEIRONGZAIGAIWENJIANZHONGBINGWEITIJI,CISHIBUKECHUXIANMANGMUPINGDINGDEXIANXIANG,XUYOUXIANGMUFAREN、SHIGONGDANWEIDENGGONGCHENGCANYUFANGGONGTONGSHANGTAO,ZHENDUISHIJIQINGKUANGNIDINGPINGDINGBIAOZHUNBINGBAOPI,ZAITONGGUOSHENHEHOU,JIAOYOUJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIZUOJINYIBUDEFENXI,QUEDINGJUTIDEZHILIANGDENGJI。RUODANYUANGONGCHENGZHILIANGBUDABIAO,BIXUYIHETONGNEIRONGWEIZHIDAO,ZUOCHUHESHIDECHULIHUOSHIFANGONGCAOZUO,DANGTONGGUOJIANYANHOUFANGKEJINRUDAOHOUXUSHIGONGHUANJIE。

                                3.3 、施工后的质量管理

                                JIESHUGEHUANJIESHIGONGHOU,XUZHENDUISHIGONGZHONGCHANSHENGDEZILIAOZUOXITONGXINGZHENGLI,DUIGONGCHENGZHILIANGZUOQUANFANGWEIPINGJIA,CHENGJIANDANWEIJIYUGONGCHENGQINGKUANGCHUJUZHILIANGJIANYANBAOGAO,FENXIGAIXIANGBAOGAODEHELIYUFOU,PINGDINGGEHUANJIECAIQUDEJISHUSHIFOUDADAOSHEJIYAOQIU。RUOMOUYIHUANJIEBUMANZUZHILIANGBIAOZHUN,YAOQIUSHIGONGQIYEJIJICHULI。BAOXIUQIDEGONGZUOZHUYAOYOUWEIHU、BAOYANG,XIANGGUANZHUTIXUZHENGSHIZHEIYIWENTI,CONGGENBENSHANGXIAOCHUBULIANGYINGXIANGYINSU;BINGZUOHAODUIJUNGONGYANSHOUBEIANDESHENCHA,QUANMIANQUEBAOBEIANDENGJIDEHELIXING。JIYUSHUILISHUIDIANGONGCHENGDESHIJIQINGKUANG,ZHIDINGDUOZHONGKEXINGDEKONGZHISHOUDUAN,SHIXIANDUIGONGCHENGZHILIANGDEQUANFANGWEIJIANDU,ZENGQIANGGESHUIGONGJIANZHUWUDENAIJIUXING,SHIQINENGGOUYOUXIAOFAHUICHUDANGSHUI、GUANGAIDENGDUOZHONGGONGNENG。

                                4、 结束语

                                SHUILISHUIDIANDECUNZAIJUYOUXIANSHIYIYI,ZUOWEIGUANJIANXINGHUIMINGONGCHENG,KEFAHUICHUDUOZHONGXIAOYIXING,SHIQUYUJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOZHICHI,QIEZHIJIEGUANLIANYURENMENDESHENGCHANSHENGHUO。DUICI,SHIGONGZHILIANGGUANLIDEZHONGYAOXINGBUYANERYU,TONGGUOKEXINGDEGUANLICUOSHI,QIESHIBAOZHANGGONGCHENGZHENGTIZHILIANG,ZAICIJICHUSHANGQUEBAOGEGONGNENGDEYIYOUXIAOFAHUI,WEISHEHUIDEFAZHANZHULI。

                                参考文献

                                [1] 高崇盛.水利水电工程施工质量管理与控制[J].城市建设理论研究(电子版),2018(21):26.
                                [2] 刘照,牛红杰,孔聪.水利水电工程施工质量全过程控制分析[J].河南水利与南水北调,2019,48(01):55-56.
                                [3] 王勇.浅谈水利工程施工质量及控制措施[J].江西建材,2016(17):131-133.

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