棋牌大全下载安装

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                          • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 计算机论文 > 学生档案管理中区块链的运用

                            学生档案管理中区块链的运用

                            时间:2018-12-09 10:39作者:周小韵
                            本文导读:这是一篇关于学生档案管理中区块链的运用的文章,高校学生档案是高校档案的重要组成部分,记录了大学生在校学习、生活、成果奖励以及各种社会实践活动情况,是学校教育、考察、培养人才的第一手资料,更是用人单位选拔聘用的主要依据。

                              摘    要: 棋牌大全下载安装学生档案既是学校教育、考察、培养人才的第一手资料,也是用人单位选拔聘用的主要依据,在高校学生管理中具有举足轻重的地位。现有的学生档案存在档案的真实性、有效性难以保证,档案数据易受到人为攻击篡改,学生档案信息难以发挥最大作用等问题亟需解决。区块链是一种全网共识共同维护且保有所有历史交易数据的分布式数据库,能保证通过调动全网节点的参与积极性,实现多节点无差别记录,从而确保数据的安全性、可靠性和可追溯。本文分析了区块链技术与学生档案管理的契合度及带来的价值提升。在此基础上,根据学生档案管理的实际应用需求及档案管理流程,设计了基于区块链技术的学生档案管理模式,明确了链上的主体定位、区块链架构、技术特征、实现过程及需要注意的几个问题。

                              关键词: 区块链; 学生档案管理; 联盟链; 共识; 智能合约;

                              Abstract:棋牌大全下载安装 Serving as the first-hand information of school education, inspection and talent cultivation, and the chief basis for recruitments by corporations, student archives play a critical role in university student affair administration. Serious problems arise in student archive management, in terms of archive authenticity, data file liability of attacks and tampering, and malfunction of student archive information. As a distributed database jointly maintained through the whole network consensus, a blockchain stores all historical transaction data. It can ensure data security, reliability and traceability by mobilizing the participation enthusiasm of whole network nodes for an undifferentiated multi-node record. This paper analyzes the integration and value promotion of blockchain technology and student archive management. Then it designs a blockchain-oriented student archive management mode on account of archive application requirements and management procedures. It clarifies and illustrates the main body positioning, blockchain architecture, technical characteristics, implementation process and other aspects.

                              Keyword: blockchain; student archive management; league chain; consensus; smart contracts;

                              GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANSHIGAOXIAODANGANDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,JILULEDAXUESHENGZAIXIAOXUEXI、SHENGHUO、CHENGGUOJIANGLIYIJIGEZHONGSHEHUISHIJIANHUODONGQINGKUANG,SHIXUEXIAOJIAOYU、KAOCHA、PEIYANGRENCAIDEDIYISHOUZILIAO,GENGSHIYONGRENDANWEIXUANBAPINYONGDEZHUYAOYIJU[1,2]。GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUYAOYOUXUESHENGQIUZHIJIANLI、CHENGJIBIAO、LUNWENQINGKUANG、JIANGCHENGQINGKUANG、JIAOYUPEIXUNQINGKUANG、XUELIRENZHENG、JIAOSHIPINGYUYIJIDANGYUANHUOTUANYUANCAILIAOZUCHENG。YIFANGMIAN,GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANSHIXUESHENGZAIXIAOQINGKUANGDEJILU,WEIGAOXIAOTIGONGLEKEZHUISUDELISHIDANGAN;LINGYIFANGMIAN,GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANKEYIZUOWEIQIYE-GAOXIAO-XUESHENGZHIJIANYOUXUANDEMEIJIE,YONGRENDANWEITONGGUODUIXUESHENGDANGANDECHAYUEDADAOJINGZHUNYINGPINDEMUDE。YINCI,XUESHENGDANGANXINXIDEZHENSHIXINGJIKEKAOXINGDUIYUGAOXIAO、XUESHENG、ZHENGFUJIYONGRENDANWEILAISHUOZHIGUANZHONGYAO。CHUANTONGDEXINXIHUAGUANLIMOSHICUNZAIDANGANXINXIJILUBUQUAN、SHUJUZAOJIAJICUANGAIDEKENENGXING,JIANGDILEGAOXIAOYUQIYEJIAN、YUANXIAOYUYUANXIAOJIANDEXINREN。YINRUZUIXINDEQUKUAILIANJISHU,LIYONGQUKUAILIANJISHUFENBUSHI、BUKECUANGAI、GONGSHIRENZHENG、KEZHUISUDETEXINGKEYIWEIGAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANGUANLITIGONGYOUXIAODEJIEJUEFANGAN。

                              一、学生档案管理现状分析及技术解决手段

                              1.学生档案管理存在的问题分析

                              高校学生档案管理是一项复杂的系统性工程,一方面学生档案管理需要教务部门、学生部门、组织部门等多个部门共同协作完成,且对管理人员的专业化程度有一定的要求;另一方面,由于涉及到在校的每一位学生,因此档案体量巨大。目前,大部分学校已经将纸质档案管理电子化,在一定程度上减轻了管理人员的工作量,也为档案的查阅和统计提供了便捷化手段。但是经过对文献的分析及对学生档案管理部门的调研,目前学生档案管理除了存在师生档案意识薄弱、部门间档案统计口径不一致、管理人员专业化程度较低等问题,更重要的是在确保档案的真实性、防止档案被攻击窜改、档案的开放及共享等技术处理上存在一定的瓶颈,既降低了学生档案的公信力度,也限制了学生档案作用的发挥。
                             

                            学生档案管理中区块链的运用
                             

                              (1)管理人员的专业化程度较低,学生档案的真实性难以保证

                            棋牌大全下载安装   GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIRENYUANDEZHUANYEHUASHUIPINGCANCHABUQI[3],YIFANGMIANDABUFENGAOXIAODEXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIRENYUANWANGWANGBINGBUJUBEIZHUANYEHUADEDANGANGUANLIZHISHIHEGUANLIJINGYAN,HUOZHEZHISHIJINGGUOLEDUANZANDETONGYIPEIXUNHEDUANLIANHOUJIUCHENGWEILEDANGANGUANLIRENYUAN;LINGYIFANGMIAN,BUFENGAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIRENYUANHAIYOUYIDINGDEJIAOXUERENWU,WUFAJIANGQUANBUJINGLITOURUDAOXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIGONGZUOZHONG。YOUCIDAOZHIXUESHENGDANGANJILUXINXIDEQUESHI、CAILIAOBAOGUANBUDANGYIJISHUJUYILOUDENGWENTI,WUFAYOUXIAOBAOZHENGXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDEZHENSHIXINGHEYOUXIAOXING。

                              (2)电子档案易受到网络攻击,档案数据易受到人为篡改

                              SUIZHEXUESHENGDIANZIDANGANXINXIJILUNEIRONGDEZENGJIAYIJIDIANZISHUJULIANGDEZENGDA,XUESHENGDANGANSHUJUANQUANDEXUQIURIYITISHENG[4]。MUQIANDEXUESHENGDANGANXINXICHUCUNZAIXUEXIAODEDANGANXINXIGUANLIXITONGZHONG,YOUYUYUNWEISHUIPINGDEBUZUHEYUNWEIRENYUANDEANQUANYISHIWENTI,YIJIWANGLUOGONGJISHOUDUANDEKUAISUFAZHAN,SHIDEXUESHENGDIANZIDANGANXINXIGENGYISHOUDAOWANGLUODEGONGJI,ZAOCHENGDANGANDECUANGAIJIDIUSHI,YOUYUMEIYOUQITADANWEIDUIDANGANXINXIJINXINGBEIFENCUNCHU,YINCISHUJUBEICUANGAIHUODIUSHIHOUWUFAZHAOHUI,CONGERJIANGDILEXUESHENGDANGANSHUJUDEKEXINXING。

                              (3)学生档案信息不公开,学生档案作用难以充分发挥

                            棋牌大全下载安装   GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANXINXIYIBANSHUYUGAOXIAOZICHAN,YOUGAOXIAOZIJIJINXINGCUNCHUWEIHU,BUDUIWAIGONGKAI,ZHISHIZAIXUESHENGHUOYONGRENDANWEIXUYAOSHITIGONGYIDINGDEXINXICANKAO,ZHEIZHUYAOSHIKAOLVDAOXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDEANQUANXING,DANSHITONGSHIYEZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGXIANZHILEXUESHENGDANGANZUOYONGDEFAHUI。MUQIANQINGKUANGXIA,HAIQUESHAOYIZHONGHESHIDEJISHUSHOUDUANLAIJIEJUEXUESHENGDANGANWAIBUCHAKANDEANQUANWENTIHEXIAOLVWENTI。

                              2.区块链技术特征

                              ZHENDUIXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIZHONGCUNZAIDEZHENSHIXINGNANYIBAOZHENG、SHUJUYISHOUDAORENWEICUANGAI、DANGANXINXIBUGONGKAIDENGWENTI,BIXUYINRUQUKUAILIANJISHULAITISHENGXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIDEXIAONENG。QUKUAILIANSHIYIZHONGQUANWANGGONGSHIGONGTONGWEIHUQIEBAOYOUSUOYOULISHIJIAOYISHUJUDEFENBUSHISHUJUKU。ZUOWEI“HULIANWANG+”XINYETAIDEYIZHONGXINXINGYINGYONGJISHU,QISUOCAIYONGDEFENBUSHIDIANDUIDIANTONGXIN、FEIDUICHENGJIAMI、GONGSHIJIZHI、KELINGHUOBIANCHENGZHINENGHEYUEDENGJISHUSHIQIJUBEILEQUZHONGXINHUA(HUORUOZHONGXINHUA)、KEZHUISUXINGYIJIXINXIBUKECUANGAIDENGTEXING[5],NENGBAOZHENGTONGGUODIAODONGQUANWANGJIEDIANDECANYUJIJIXING,SHIXIANDUOJIEDIANWUCHABIEJILU,CONGERJIEJUECHUANTONGZHONGXINHUAJIGOUDEGAOCHENGBEN、DIXIAOLVYIJISHUJUCUNCHUBUANQUANDENGWENTI。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   QUZHONGXINHUA(RUOZHONGXINHUA):QUKUAILIANSHIFENBUSHIDEDIANDUIDIANWANGLUO[6],ZAIZHENGGEQUKUAILIANWANGLUOZHONGBUCUNZAIZHONGXINHUAHUOZHEJIBENBUCUNZAIZHONGXINHUA(JIRUOZHONGXINHUA)DEJIGOU,WANGLUOSHANGDEGEJIEDIANQUANXIANDUIDENG(HUOJIBENDUIDENG)。

                              SHIJIANKEZHUISU:QUKUAILIANYUNYONGSHIJIANCHUOJILUDANGQIANQUKUAISHUJUXIERUDESHIJIAN,CONGERZAIJISHUSHANGQUEBAOLELIANSHANGXINXIDESHISHIKEZHUISU[7]。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   XINXIBUKECUANGAI:QUKUAILIANYUNYONGGONGSHIJIZHI,QUANWANGJIEDIANGONGTONGDUIXINXIJINXINGBEISHU,BINGCUNZAIGEGEJIEDIANSHANG,RUGUOXIANGYAOGENGGAIXINXIBIXUDEDAO51%JIEDIANDEQUEREN,ZAILILUNSHANGQUEBAOLESHUJUDEBUKECUANGAI。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   MUQIAN,QUKUAILIANDICENGGUANJIANJISHUDEYANJIUYIJINGXIANGDUICHENGSHU,BINGQIEZAIJINRONG、GONGYINGLIAN、ZICHANRENZHENGDENGLINGYUYOUSHIJIDEXIANGMUZAIYUNXING[8,9,10,11,12]。ZAI2018NIAN5YUEGONGYEXINXIHUABUXINXIZHONGXINFABUDE《2018NIANZHONGGUOQUKUAILIANCHANYEBAIPISHU》ZHONGTICHUQUKUAILIANXITONGKEYISHIYONGYUXUESHENGZHENGXINGUANLI、SHENGXUEJIUYE、XUESHU、ZIZHIZHENGMING、CHANXUEHEZUODENGFANGMIAN,DUIJIAOYUJIUYEDEJIANKANGFAZHANJUYOUZHONGYAODEJIAZHI[13]。

                              二、区块链技术与学生档案管理的契合度分析

                              1.区块链技术与学生档案管理的契合度

                              (1)区块链不可篡改特性与学生档案信息真实性、可靠性之间的契合

                              QUKUAILIANSHANGDEMEIYIGEQUKUAIDOUCUNYOUSHANGYIQUKUAIDEHAXIZHI,TONGGUOHAXIZHIBAOZHENGLEGEQUKUAIJIANDEJINMILIANXI,RUGUODUILIANSHANGDERENYIYIGEQUKUAIZUOCHUGAIBIAN,DOUHUIDAOZHIQIANXUHEHOUXUQUKUAIFASHENGZHUANGTAIBIANHUA,ZHEIYITEXINGBAOZHENGLELIANSHANGSHUJUWUFABEIEYICUANGAI。ZAIXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIZHONG,YAOQIUXUESHENGDANGANDEZHENSHIXING、WANZHENGXING、KEKAOXINGHEANQUANXINGDEDAOBAOZHENG,YINCIQUKUAILIANBUKECUANGAIDETEXINGYONGYUXUESHENGDANGANXINXIGUANLI,KEYIJILUXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIZHONGDEQUANBUBIANHUA,YOUXIAOJIEJUELEXUESHENGDANGANZHENSHIXING、KEKAOXINGDEWENTI,BINGQIESHIXIANLEDANGANXINXISHUJUDEKEZHUISU。

                              (2)区块链可信认证机制与学生档案信息使用权限授予之间的契合

                              XUESHENGDANGANGUANLIYAOQIUDANGANDEJILU、GUANLI、SHIYONGDANWEIJUEDUIKEXINBINGJUYOUYIDINGDEQUANXIAN。ZAIQUKUAILIANWANGLUOZHONG,CANYUQUKUAILIANSHUJUWEIHUDEGEZHUTISHIYONGDEJISUANJIJIQITAZHONGDUANBEICHENGWEIQUKUAILIANSHANGDEYIGEJIEDIAN,ZAIXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIDEQUKUAILIANZHONG,JIEDIANBAOKUOZHENGFU、JIAOYUZHUGUANBUMEN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANTIANBAORENYUAN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUGUANBUMEN、PEIXUNJIGOUHEYONGRENQIYEDENG,QIZHONGJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENFUZEJIANLIANHEJIEDIANDEJIARU,YOUYUJIARUDAOLIANSHANGDEJIEDIANDOUSHIJINGGUOJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENRENZHENGDE,BAOZHENGLEQUKUAILIANSHANGGEJIEDIANDEKEXINDU,SHIDEGEZHUTIKEYIZAIHUODEYIDINGSHIYONGQUANXIANHOUDIAOQUXUESHENGDANGANXINXI,YOUXIAODITISHENGLEXUESHENGDANGANDIAOQUCHAKANDEXIAOLV。

                              (3)区块链共识机制与学生档案信息管理、监督体系构建之间的契合

                            棋牌大全下载安装   XUESHENGDANGANXINXIYOUYUQUEFAYOUXIAOJIANDU,YINCIZAISHIYONGZHONGYIZHISHOUDAOZHIYI。LIYONGQUKUAILIANWANGLUOJIANGZHENGFU、JIAOYUZHUGUANBUMEN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANTIANBAORENYUAN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUGUANBUMEN、PEIXUNJIGOUHEYONGRENQIYEGONGTONGLIANJIEDAOYITIAOLIANSHANG,YOUYUQUKUAILIANJILUDEXUESHENGDANGANXINXISHIJINGGUOQUANWANGJIEDIANDACHENGGONGSHIHOUCAIJILUZAILIANSHANGDE,YINCIGEJIEDIANZHIJIERENDINGQUKUAILIANZHONGXUESHENGDANGANXINXIZHONGDEGEXIANGXINXIKEXIN,TONGSHIZHENGFUHEJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENBEIFUYUGENGDUODEGONGSHIQUANXIAN,TISHENGLEZHENGFUHEJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENDUILIANSHANGZHUTIJINXINGGUANLIHEJIANDUDESHOUDUAN,CONGERXINGCHENGLIANGHAODEXUESHENGDANGANGUANLISHENGTAIQUAN。

                              2.区块链技术对学生档案管理的价值提升

                              TONGGUOYISHANGFENXI,QUKUAILIANJISHUJUBEIZAIXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIZHONGDEYINGYONGKEXINGXING,DUIXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIDAILAIYIXIAJIAZHITISHENG:

                              (1)TIGAOLEXUESHENGDANGANJILUDELIYONGJIAZHI。QUKUAILIANDEFENBUSHISHUJUKUKEYIJILUBUTONGGAOXIAOZHUTIJIANDEXUESHENGXINXI,QUEBAOXUESHENGZAIXIAOQIJIANDESUOYOUXINGWEIDOUJILUZAILIANSHANG,SHIXIANDUIYOUXIUXUESHENGDEYOUXIAOZHENBIE,BANGZHUQIZAIXUEXIAOPINGYOUJISHENGXUEJIUYESHIHUODEGENGDUODEYOUSHI,TIGAOXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDELIYONGJIAZHI。

                              (2)JIANSHAOLEGAOXIAOYUQIYEZHIJIANBUBIYAODEJIUYEJIUFEN。GAOXIAOBIYESHENGZAIJIUYEZHUNBEIJIANLISHI,WANGWANGHUIYOUXUGOUJIANLIXINXI、TIGAOQIYERENTONGDUDEXINGWEI,QIYEZUOWEIDISANFANG,WUFACHAZHENGQIXINXIDEZHENSHIXING,ZAIHOUQIRONGYIZAOCHENGGAOXIAOHEQIYEZHIJIANYINWEIJIUYEWENTIERCHANSHENGDEJIUFEN。YINRUQUKUAILIANHOU,YOUYUQIYEYEKEYIZAILIANSHANGCHAKANDAOBIYESHENGZAIXIAOQIJIANDEQUANBUQINGKUANG,JINXINGSHUANGXIANGXUANZE,CONGERBIMIANLEGAOXIAOYUQIYEZHIJIANDEJIUYEJIUFEN。

                              (3)YOUXIAOEZHIXUESHUZAOJIA、XUELIZAOJIADENGBULIANGXINGWEIDEFASHENG。XIANXINGDEJISHUSHOUDUANNANYIJIEJUEXUESHENGXUESHUSHUIPING、JIAOYUPEIXUN、XUEWEILUNWENDENGXUESHUZAOJIAXINGWEIYIJIXUELIZAOJIAXINGWEI,LIYONGQUKUAILIANKEXINRENZHENG、XINXITOUMING、KEZHUISUDETEXINGKEYIJIANGXUESHENGXUESHUSHUIPING、JIAOYUPEIXUN、XUEWEILUNWENDENGXUESHUQINGKUANGYIJIXUELIQINGKUANGQUANBUJILUZAILIANSHANG,YOUQUANWANGJIEDIANGONGTONGJILUHEWEIHU,ZAICHUXIANZHENGYISHIKEYISUISHIJINXINGZHUISU,TIGAOLEXINXIDETOUMINGDU,YOUXIAOEZHILEXUESHUZAOJIA、XUELIZAOJIADENGBULIANGXINGWEIDEFASHENG。

                              (4)GOUJIANQIGAOXIAO-QIYE-XUESHENG-JIAOYUZHUGUANBUMEN-ZHENGFULIANGXINGDEXINYONGSHENGTAITIXI。TONGGUOYINRUQUKUAILIANJISHU,RANGXUESHENGDANGANJIANLIZHE、XUESHENGDANGANGUANLIZHE、XUESHENGDANGANSHIYONGZHEHEZHENGFU、JIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENDENGJIANDUZHEDOUCANYUDAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUANGTAIDEGENGXINYUWEIHUZHONG,XINGCHENGYIGEDUOJIEDIAN、FENBUSHI、KEZHUISUDEDANGANGUANLIWANGLUO,LIANSHANGDEGEFANGZHUTIJUNKEYIGUANLIHESHIYONGYIGEWANZHENGDEDANGANFUBEN,CONGERGOUJIANQIGAOXIAO-QIYE-XUESHENG-JIAOYUZHUGUANBUMEN-ZHENGFULIANGXINGDEXINYONGSHENGTAITIXI,TIGAOLEDANGANCUNCHUDEKEKAOXING、ANQUANXINGHEDANGANSHIYONGDEBIANLIXING。

                              三、基于区块链技术的学生档案管理模式设计

                            棋牌大全下载安装   XUESHENGDANGANGUANLIJUYOUYIJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENWEIZHU、JUYOUKEXINRENZHENGDEDUOZHUTICANYU、LIANSHANGZHUTIGONGTONGWEIHUDETEDIAN,YINCIXUANQUQUKUAILIANLIANMENGLIANTIXI,GOUJIANYIZHENGFUHEJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENWEIZHUDAO,BAOHANGAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANTIANBAORENYUAN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUGUANBUMEN、PEIXUNJIGOU、YONGRENQIYEDENGZAINEIDERUOZHONGXINHUADESHENGTAILIANMENG。

                              1.链上主体定位

                              LIANSHANGDEZHUTIBAOKUOZHENGFU、JIAOYUZHUGUANBUMEN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANTIANBAORENYUAN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUGUANBUMEN、PEIXUNJIGOUHEYONGRENQIYE。MEIGEZHUTIZAILIANMENGLIANZHONGDEDINGWEIRUXIA:

                              JIAOYUBUMENSHILIANMENGLIANDEJIANLIZHE,FUZEQUKUAILIANDEJIANLIHEJIEDIANDEJIARURENZHENG,BAOZHENGJIARUQUKUAILIANDEJIEDIANDOUSHIKEXINDE,BINGFUYUBUTONGZHUTIXIANGYINGDEQUANXIAN,GONGTONGYUNYINGWEIHUQUKUAILIANSHANGDEXUESHENGDANGANSHUJU。

                              ZHENGFUFUZEDUILIANSHANGSUOYOUZHUTIDEXINGWEIJINXINGJIANDU,JISHIGUIBICHUXIANDEWENTI,GONGTONGCANYUQUKUAILIANDEWEIHU。ZAICHUXIANZHENGYISHI,YOUZHENGFUFUZECHUMIANJIEJUE。

                              GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANTIANBAORENYUANFUZEXUESHENGZAIXIAOQIJIANSUOYOUDANGANDESHANGCHUAN、JILU,BAOKUOXUESHENGQIUZHIJIANLI、CHENGJIBIAO、LUNWENQINGKUANG、JIANGCHENGQINGKUANG、JIAOYUPEIXUNQINGKUANG、XUELIRENZHENG、JIAOSHIPINGYUYIJIDANGYUANHUOTUANYUANCAILIAODENG。

                              GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUGUANBUMENBIXUDUIGAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANTIANBAORENYUANTIANBAODESUOYOUNEIRONGJINXINGQUERENBEISHU,YIFAYIGUIBAOZHENGXUESHENGDANGANDEZHENSHIXING、YOUXIAOXING。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   PEIXUNJIGOUFUZEJIANGXUESHENGZAIXUEXIAOYIWAICANJIADEPEIXUNHUODONGJILUZAILIANSHANG,BAOKUOPEIXUNHUODONGDENEIRONG、SHIJIAN、QUDEDECHENGGUODENGXINXI,PEIXUNJIGOUBIXUQUEBAOJILUZAILIANSHANGSHUJUDEZHENSHIXINGHEYOUXIAOXING。

                              YONGRENDANWEISHIQUKUAILIANXINXIDESHIYONGZHE,GONGTONGWEIHUHEJILUXUESHENGDANGANXINXI,KEYITONGGUOQUANXIANSHENQINGCHAKANQUKUAILIANSHANGJILUDEKEXINXUESHENGDANGANXINXI,SHIXIANYONGRENDANWEIDUIXUESHENGDEJINGZHUNXUANZE。

                              2.基于区块链的学生档案管理体系架构

                            棋牌大全下载安装   GENJUQUKUAILIANJICHUJIAGOUHEXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIDESHIJIYINGYONGXUQIU,TICHUJIYUQUKUAILIANDEXUESHENGDANGANGUANLITIXIJIAGOUDEFENCENGJIAGOU,ZIXIAERSHANGKEFENWEISHUJUCENG、WANGLUOCENG、GONGSHICENG、JILICENG、HEYUECENGHEYINGYONGCENG,RUTU1SUOSHI。

                              图1 区块链典型技术架构
                            图1 区块链典型技术架构

                            棋牌大全下载安装   SHUJUCENGFENGZHUANGLEQUKUAISHUJUHEXIANGGUANSHUJUJIEGOU;WANGLUOCENGBAOKUOP2PZUWANGYIJISHUJUANQUANYANZHENG;GONGSHICENGFENGZHUANGXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIGEJIEDIANDEGONGSHIJIZHI;JILICENGBAOKUOXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIGEZHUTICANYUQUKUAILIANYUNYINGHEWEIHUGUOCHENGDEJILIJIZHI;HEYUECENGFENGZHUANGLEZHICHENGXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIZIDONGHUAZHIXINGGUOCHENGDEGELEIKEBIANCHENGDAIMA,BAOKUOYEWULUOJI、SUANFADENG。YINGYONGCENGFENGZHUANGLEXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIYINGYONGCHANGJING。

                              3.基于区块链的学生档案管理技术特征

                              (1)响应速度快。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   XUESHENGDANGANGUANLIQUKUAILIANDEZHUTIDOUSHIJINGGUOZHENGFUHEJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENRENZHENGHOUJIARUDAOLIANSHANGDE,QUEBAOLELIANSHANGZHUTIJIANDEKEXINDU,TONGSHIZAILIANSHANGSHEZHILEDUOZHONGLEIXINGDEGONGSHIJIZHI,TONGGUOYINGYONGXUQIUXUANQUHESHIDEGONGSHIJIZHI,YOUXIAODISUODUANLEZHUTIJIANDEGONGSHIGUOCHENG,TIGAOLEXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDESHANGLIANSUDU。

                              (2)安全性高。

                              SHOUXIAN,XUESHENGDANGANGUANLIQUKUAILIANDEFENBUSHILIANSHICUNCHUJIEGOUQUEBAOLEQUKUAILIANDERONGCUOXING,JISHAOSHUJIEDIANCHUXIANWENTIBUHUIYINGXIANGZHENGGEQUKUAILIANDESHUJUANQUAN;QICI,QUKUAILIANBAOZHENGLELIANSHANGSHUJUWUFABEICUANGAIJIKEZHUISU,BAOZHENGLESHUJUDEANQUANXINGHEKEKAOXING,JISHICHUXIANCUOWUYENENGSHIXIANDUICUOWUDESHISHIDINGWEIHEYOUXIAOCHULI;ZUIHOU,JIYULIANMENGLIANDEQUKUAILIANJIAGOU,QUEBAOLEQUKUAILIANSHANGDEJIEDIANDOUSHIJINGGUOKEXINRENZHENGDE,YOUXIAOBIMIANLEWUXIAOJIEDIANDUIQUKUAILIANDEFEIFAQINRU。

                              (3)并发处理能力强。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   XUESHENGDANGANGUANLIDEXINXILIANGJUDA,DANWEISHIJIANNEIDEJILUHECHAXUNPINCIKENENGHUIDADAOCHENGQIANSHANGWANJI。QUKUAILIANZHONGTIGONGLECouchDBFENBUSHISHUJUKU,GAISHUJUKUSHUYUMIANXIANGWENDANGDESHUJUKU,JUYOUGAOBINGFAXING、GAOLINGHUOXING、GAOKUOZHANXING、RONGCUOXINGHAODEYOUDIAN,YINCIYINGYONGZAIXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIZHONGTIGAOLEXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIDEBINGFACHULISULV,BAOZHENGDAGUIMOFENBUSHISHUJUCUNCHUDEKEKAOXING。

                              (4)主体参与度高。

                              XUESHENGDANGANGUANLIQUKUAILIANZHONGDUIJILIJIZHIJINXINGLESHEJI,JIDUICANYULIANSHANGXINXIWEIHUDEZHUTIZHIDINGYIDINGDEJILICUOSHI,LIRUJIANGLIYIDINGDEJIFEN,CONGERTIGAOGEZHUTIDECANYUYIYUAN,GONGTONGWEIHUQUKUAILIANDEZHENGCHANGYUNXING。

                              4.基于区块链技术的学生档案管理实现过程

                            棋牌大全下载安装   GENJUXUESHENGDANGANGUANLIDESHIJIYINGYONGXUQIUJIXUESHENGDANGANGUANLILIUCHENG,JIYUQUKUAILIANJISHUDEXUESHENGDANGANSHIXIANGUOCHENGRUTU2SUOSHI。

                              图2 基于区块链技术的学生档案管理实现过程
                            图2 基于区块链技术的学生档案管理实现过程

                            棋牌大全下载安装   SHOUXIANSHIQUEDINGLIANSHANGDECHENGYUAN,BAOKUOGAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANTIANBAORENYUAN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUGUANBUMEN、YONGRENQIYE、PEIXUNJIGOU、ZHENGFU、JIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENDENG,QIZHONGJIAOYUBUMENSHIZHUJIEDIAN;DIER,QUEDINGLIANSHANGCUNQUDESHUJU,BAOKUOXUESHENGQIUZHIJIANLI、CHENGJIBIAO、LUNWENQINGKUANG、JIANGCHENGQINGKUANG、JIAOYUPEIXUNQINGKUANG、XUELIRENZHENG、JIAOSHIPINGYUYIJIDANGYUANHUOTUANYUANCAILIAO;DISAN,XUGENJUXUESHENGDANGANXINXINEIRONGSHEDINGBAOMIQIXIANHELIYONGFANWEI,DANGLIANSHANGDEZHUTIXUYAOCHAKANXINXISHI,KEYIBAOJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENHUOQUYIDINGDESHIYONGQUANXIANHELIYONGFANWEI;DISI,GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANTIANBAORENYUANHEGAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUGUANBUMENGENJUXUESHENGDERICHANGBIAOXIANQINGKUANGSHISHIJIANGXINXISHANGCHUANDAOLIANSHANG,JINGGUOQUANWANGJIEDIANGONGSHIHOUJIANGXUESHENGXINXIJILUZAILIANSHANG,YOUQUANWANGJIEDIANGONGTONGWEIHU,BAOZHENGLIANSHANGXINXIZHENSHIXINGHEKEZHUISUXING;DIWU,YOUJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENHEZHENGFUQIANTOUZHIDING,BINGJINGGEZHUTIQIANMINGRENZHENGHOUSHENGCHENGZHINENGHEYUE,HEYUEZHONGGUIDINGLEXUESHENGDANGANXINXIZIDONGJIEMISHIJIAN、ZIDONGSHENHEXUESHENGDANGANSHIYONGQUANXIAN、ZIDONGRENZHENGXUESHENGDANGANCHAKANSHENQINGDENGNEIRONG,ZAICHUFAHEYUESHIZIDONGZHIXINGHEYUENEIRONG;ZUIHOU,LIANSHANGDEJIEDIANJINGGUOJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENSHOUYUYIDINGDEQUANXIANHOU,KEYISUISHICHAKANHUODIAOYONGLIANSHANGCUNCHUDEXINXI。

                              5.需要注意的几点问题

                              (1)链上信息的真实性。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   XUESHENGDANGANGUANLIPINGTAIKEYICHUANGJIANDUOZHUTIGONGTONGQIANMINGHOUDESHUZIZHENGSHU,SHUZIZHENGSHUZHONGBAOHANLEYOUXIAODEZHUTIXINXIJIBUFENXUESHENGDANGANXINXI,LIANSHANGZHUTIYONGZIJIDESIYAODUISHUZIZHENGSHUJINXINGQIANMING。ZAIYANZHENGJIEDUAN,KEYITONGGUOYANZHENGZHENGSHUCHUANGJIANSHIDEQIANMINGLAIBAOZHENGYONGHUXINXIHEZHENGSHUNEIRONGDEYIZHIXING,CONGERQUEBAOJILUZAILIANSHANGDEXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDEZHENSHIXING。

                              (2)政府、教育主管部门双重验证模式的使用。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   QUKUAILIANSHANGBAOHANZHENGFUHEJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENLIANGDAJIEDIAN,KEYIDUIGAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUGUANBUMENQUERENHOUDEXUESHENGDANGANXINXIJINXINGSHUANGZHONGBEISHU,ZAIDEDAOGONGSHIHOUJIANGXUESHENGDANGANXINXIJILUZAILIANSHANG,YIFANGMIANBAOZHENGLEXUESHENGDANGANXINXIZAIGAOXIAOSHANGCHUANHUANJIEDEKEKAOXING;LINGYIFANGMIAN,JINGZHENGFUHEJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENSHUANGZHONGBEISHUDEXUESHENGDANGANXINXI,HUITISHENGYONGRENDANWEIDUIXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDEKEXINDU。

                              (3)智能合约的设计应用。

                              ZHINENGHEYUEDENEIRONGSHIJINGGUOLIANSHANGDESUOYOUZHUTIGONGTONGQIANMINGRENZHENGDE,DANGMANZUXIANGYINGDEZHIXINGTIAOJIANSHI,YOUXITONGZIDONGCHUFAHEYUE,BINGQIANGZHIZHIXING。ZAIZHINENGHEYUESHEJIZHONG,KEYIJIANGXUESHENGSHEMIDANGANDEJIEMISHIJIAN、QUANXIANSHENPI、SHIYONGQUANXIAN、SHIYONGFANWEIHEYOUXIAOXINGDENGNEIRONGXIERUZHINENGHEYUE,ZAICHUFAHEYUESHIZIDONGZHIXINGDANGANJIEMIJIDANGANSHIYONGSHENPILIUCHENG,CONGERSHIXIANLEXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDEZHINENGHUAGUANLI,SUODUANLEXUESHENGDANGANSHIYONGSHIDESHENPILIUCHENGHESHENPISHIJIAN,BAOZHENGLEXUESHENGDANGANSHIYONGSHIDEBIANJIEXINGHEWENDINGXING。

                              (4)学生档案信息的合法合规使用。

                              YOUYUZHENGFU、JIAOYUZHUGUANBUMEN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANTIANBAORENYUAN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUGUANBUMEN、PEIXUNJIGOUHEYONGRENQIYEDENGDUOGEZHUTIDOUZAILIANSHANG,YINCILIANSHANGDEXIANGGUANZHUTIZAICHUFACHAKANHEDIAOYONGXUESHENGDANGANDEQINGQIUSHI,BIXUSHEZHIHELIDESHIYONGQUANXIAN,BAOZHENGXUESHENGDANGANXINXIBUHUIBEIEYICHAXUNHESHIYONG。ZHENGFUHEJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENJUYOUZUIGAODEQUANXIAN,KEYISUISHIDIAOYUE、CHAXUNXUESHENGDANGAN,BINGFUZEANZHAOQUANXIANJIANGSHUZIZHENGSHUFENPEIJIXUYAOKANXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDEXUQIUFANG,RUXUESHENG、QITAGAOXIAOHUOZHEYONGRENDANWEIDENG,BINGSHEZHIQISHIYONGFANWEIHESHIYONGZHOUQI;GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANTIANBAORENYUAN、GAOXIAOXUESHENGDANGANZHUGUANBUMENKEYISUISHIDIAOYUE、CHAKANBENXIAOXUESHENGDANGAN,RUXUCHAKANQITAXUEXIAOXUESHENGDANGANXINXISHI,XUYAOJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENSHOUYUXIANGGUANDESHIYONGQUANXIAN,BINGQUEDINGGONGKAIDEFANWEI;PEIXUNJIGOUKEYICHAYUEBENJIGOUXUESHENGDEXINXI,WUQUANCHAKANXUESHENGDEQITAXINXI;YONGRENQIYEZAIDEDAOJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENSHOUYUDESHIYONGQUANXIANHOU,KEYICHAKANMOUGETEDINGXUESHENGDEDANGANXINXI。

                              四、总 结

                            棋牌大全下载安装   LIYONGQUKUAILIANJISHUDUIXUESHENGDANGANXINXIJINXINGGUANLI,YIFANGMIANKEYITISHENGXUESHENGDANGANXINXIGUANLIDEXINXIHUASHUIPING,TIGAOXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDECUNCHUSULVHEBINGFACHULINENGLI,QUEBAOXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDEZHENSHIXINGHEYOUXIAOXING;LINGYIFANGMIAN,YOUYUYOUZHENGFUHEJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENJINXINGBEISHU,KEYIYOUXIAOTISHENGXUESHENGDANGANXINXIDELIYONGJIAZHI,YONGRENDANWEIHUOZHEQITAGAOXIAOKEYIZAIHUOQUXIANGYINGQUANXIANHOUCHAXUNXUESHENGDANGANXINXI,WEIQILUQUJIJIUYETIGONGZHENSHIDEXINXICANKAO,SHIXIANLEYONGRENDANWEIHEXUESHENGJIANDESHUANGXIANGXUANZE,TIGAOLEBIYESHENGDEJIUYELVHEJIUYECENGCI。SUIZHEQUKUAILIANJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,QIYUJIAOYULINGYUDERONGHEDUYEHUIYUELAIYUEGAO,WEIJIANLIGONGPING、GONGKAI、TOUMINGDEJIAOYUHUANJINGTIGONGLEYITIAOKEXINGXINGLUJING。

                              参考文献

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                              [2] 李萍.小议高校学生档案管理存在的问题及解决措施[J].青春岁月,2012(16):34-35.
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                              [5] 张俊,高文忠,张应晨,等.运行于区块链上的智能分布式电力能源系统:需求、概念、方法以及展望[J].自动化学报,2019(9):1544-1554.
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                              [8] 王继业,高灵超,董爱强,等.基于区块链的数据安全共享网络体系研究[J].计算机研究与发展,2017(4):742-749.
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