棋牌大全下载安装

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                                1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 计算机论文 > 一款电话造型蓝牙音箱的逆向设计探析

                                  一款电话造型蓝牙音箱的逆向设计探析

                                  时间:2018-12-19 10:42作者:曹素红 吕肖男
                                  本文导读:这是一篇关于一款电话造型蓝牙音箱的逆向设计探析的文章,逆向工程(Reverse Engineering,RE),又称反求工程,即利用三维扫描仪获取样件表面信息,经逆向软件处理后,再进行数字化模型重构,进而加工出产品的一种先进制造技术。

                                    摘    要: 棋牌大全下载安装利用逆向工程技术可借助现有产品造型实现功能改进,帮助设计师提高设计效率,实现设计创新。文章以一款电话造型的蓝牙音箱为例,重点介绍了逆向工程技术在产品创新设计中的实现方法,探讨了采用逆向设计方法进行创新设计时的技术要点。

                                    关键词: 逆向工程技术; 创新; Geomagic软件;

                                    Abstract: The use of reverse engineering technology can use the existing product modeling to achieve functional improvement,help designers to improve design efficiency and achieve design innovation. Taking a Bluetooth speaker modeled by telephone as an example, this paper mainly introduces the realization method of reverse engineering technology in product innovative design, and discusses the technical key points of innovative design by using reverse design method.

                                    Keyword: reverse engineering technology; innovation; Geomagic software;

                                    引言

                                    NIXIANGGONGCHENG(Reverse Engineering,RE),YOUCHENGFANQIUGONGCHENG,JILIYONGSANWEISAOMIAOYIHUOQUYANGJIANBIAOMIANXINXI,JINGNIXIANGRUANJIANCHULIHOU,ZAIJINXINGSHUZIHUAMOXINGZHONGGOU,JINERJIAGONGCHUCHANPINDEYIZHONGXIANJINZHIZAOJISHU。NIXIANGGONGCHENGJISHUYOUSHIZAIYUKEJIEZHUXIANYOUCHANPINWAIGUAN,SHIXIANGONGNENGGAILIANG,HUOZHEZAOXINGGAIJIN,KEJIESHENGSHEJIZHOUQI,YINCIZAICHANPINCHUANGXINSHEJIZHONGJUYOUBIJIAODADESHIYONGKONGJIAN。

                                  棋牌大全下载安装   SUIZHENIXIANGSHEJIJI3DDAYINJISHUDEFAZHAN,GEXINGHUADINGZHICHANPINDEXUQIUCHENGXIANZENGJIADEQUSHI。BENWENCAIYONGNIXIANGSHEJISHOUDUAN,DUIMOUFANGZHENFUGUDIANHUACHUQIANGUANJINXINGGAIJIN,SHEJICHUYIKUANDIANHUAZAOXINGDELANYAYINXIANG,FENGFULEYIBANLANYAYINXIANGDEJIANDANZAOXING,SHIXIANLEKUAISUSHEJI、GEXINGHUASHEJI,JINERZONGJIECHUCAIYONGNIXIANGSHEJISHOUDUANJINXINGCHANPINCHUANGXINSHIXUYAOZHUYIDEDIFANG。

                                    1、 创新过程分析

                                    爱因斯坦曾指出:“提出(发现)一个问题往往比解决一个问题更为重要……提出新的问题、新的可能性,从新的角度看旧问题,就需要创造性的想象力……”。颜惠庚在《技术创新方法实战》一书指出,所谓问题,就是系统应该或希望具有的理想状态与其目前状态之间的差距。因此,无论采用正向或逆向设计方法,首先务必明确要解决的问题。例如本设计,设计目标围绕如何改变蓝牙音箱的外观造型。采用逆向设计手段,通过现有产品设计一个新产品,首先应在分析功能和造型结构基础上,分析两个产品之间的相似相通之处及改进的可行性。新产品的功能必须稳定、完善,外观造型应美观、协调,改进设计不应牵强生硬,且符合一定的人机工程学设计原理。其次,分析功能硬件结构,确定硬件构成、尺寸规格及安装固定方式。第三,采集样件外观数据,处理后重新构建CAD数字模型,再根据装配需求进行结构设计。大部分新产品除外观有所变更外,由于添加了硬件,结构上都需要有改进,而此时设计者必须从材料、生产工艺、经济成本等多个方面进行考虑,科学设计。最后,利用3D打印技术快速制造样机,检验功能硬件与壳体的装配关系,找出问题,完善数字模型。反复修改,最终完成新产品的创新设计。
                                   

                                  一款电话造型蓝牙音箱的逆向设计探析
                                   

                                    2、 硬件结构分析

                                    LANYAYINXIANGYIBANYOUWAIQIAO、XINPIAN、YANGSHENGQI、DIANCHIJIUSBJIEKOUZUCHENG。YINGJIANJIEGOUSHIWAIQIAOCHICUNHEGUDINGJIEGOUSHEJIDEYIJU,SHEJIQIANXUFANFUSHIYAN,YIQIYINGJIANDADAOSHIFENWENDINGDEGONGNENG,QUEDINGYINGJIANJIEGOU。BENSHEJICAIYONGMOULEIXINGLANYAXINPIAN,CHICUNBUZU30×15mm,TIJIXIAO,QIEZIDAIUSBJIEKOU,KEZHIJIETONGGUOSHUJUXIANGONGDIAN,YEKEXUANZEDIANCHIGONGDIAN,GONGNENGBIJIAOWENDING。

                                    3、 逆向设计过程

                                    3.1、 外壳数据采集

                                    SANWEISAOMIAOYIBAOKUOGUANGZHASANWEISAOMIAOYI(YECHENGPAIZHAOSHISANWEISAOMIAOYI)HEJIGUANGSAOMIAOYI。GUANGZHASANWEISAOMIAOBAOKUOBAIGUANGSAOMIAOHUOLANGUANGSAOMIAODENG,JIGUANGSAOMIAOYIKEFENWEIDIANJIGUANG、XIANJIGUANG、MIANJIGUANG。GUANGZHASANWEI(BAIGUANGSAOMIAO)SAOMIAOYIGONGZUOYUANLISHISHOUXIANJIANGBAIGUANGTOUSHEDAOBEICEWUTISHANG,SHIYONGLIANGGEYOUJIAJIAODESHEXIANGTOUDUIWUTIJINXINGTONGBUQUXIANG,ZHIHOUDUISUOQUTUXIANGJINXINGJIEMA、XIANGWEICAOZUODENGJISUAN,ZUIZHONGDUIWUTIGEXIANGSUDIANDESANWEIZUOBIAOJINXINGJISUAN。ERJIGUANGSAOMIAOYICAIYONGDESHIJIGUANGCEJUDEFANGSHI,JITONGGUODUIBEICEWUTIBIAOMIANDALIANGDIANDESANWEIZUOBIAO、WENLI、FANSHELVDENGXINXIDECAIJI,LAIDUIQIXIANMIANTIHESANWEIMOXINGDENGSHUJUJINXINGZHONGJIAN。

                                    GONGYECHANPINNIXIANGSHEJIZHONGGUANGZHASANWEISAOMIAOYIHEJIGUANGSAOMIAOYIDOUSHIYONG,JUTICAIYONGNAZHONGLEIXINGSAOMIAOYIXUYAOGENJUSAOMIAOFANWEI、SAOMIAOJINGDUYAOQIU、SHEBEICHENGBENERDING。WEILEBAOZHENGNIXIANGSHEJIDEJINGDU,BAOZHENGZHONGGOUMOXINGDUIYUANXINGDEHAIYUANDU,WAIGUANSHUJUSAOMIAOSHIYINGBAOZHENG:(1)SHUJUWANZHENG;(2)ZADIAN、ZAOYINDIANJINLIANGSHAO;(3)DIANYUNJINLIANGGUIZHENGPINGHUA;(4)BAOLIUQIYUANSHITEZHENG。SAOMIAOQIANXUYAOZHANTIEBIAOJIDIAN,ZHANTIEYAOQIURUTU1SUOSHI。

                                    图1 粘贴目标点
                                  图1 粘贴目标点

                                    3.2、 点云数据处理

                                  棋牌大全下载安装   YOUYUSHOUWAIJIEGUANGXIANHEBEICEGONGJIANBIAOMIANZHILIANGDEYINGXIANG,CAIJISHUJUSHIJINGCHANGHUICHUXIANYIXIEYICHANGDIAN,YINGXIANGQUMIANZHONGGOUDEJINGQUEXING。WEIBAOZHENGHOUXUQUMIANZHONGGOUSHUJUDEJINGQUEXING,XUYAOQUCHUZHEIXIEYICHANGDIAN,GUZAIJINXINGMOXINGDENIXIANGZHONGGOUQIANXUYAOXIANDUISAOMIAOSUODEDIANYUNSHUJUJINXINGYUCHULI。MUQIANBIJIAOLIUXINGDEDIANYUNCHULIGONGJUSHIGeomagic WrapHEGeomagic StudioRUANJIAN,LIYONGGAIRUANJIANKEYIJIANGSANWEISAOMIAOHUODEDE.TXTGESHIDESANWEIDIANSHUJUZHUANHUAWEI.STLGESHIDESANJIAOMIANPIAN,ZUIZHONGCHULIJIEGUORUTU2SUOSHI。

                                    图2 处理完整结果
                                  图2 处理完整结果

                                    3.3、 逆向建模

                                    NIXIANGSHEJIHEXINSHISHUZIHUAMOXINGZHONGGOU,YIBANLAISHUO,YAOQIUXINMOXINGDEJINGDUGAO,YUYUANXINGZHIJIANPIANCHAXIAO,MOXINGZHONGGOUSHISHOUXIANYAOGENJUCHANPINZAOXINGJIEGOUTEDIANJINXINGJIANMOFENXI。YIDIANHUAJIJIZUONIXIANGSHEJIWEILI,GAIJIZUOZHUYAOYOUDIZUOZAOXING、CEMIANQUMIANGOUCHENGDEJICHUZHUTIHESHANGMIANDEDIANHUAZHIJIA、BOHAOPANDENGZAOXINGGOUCHENG。JICHUZHUTIWEIQUMIANXINGZHUANG,KEYICAIYONGLINGYUZUNIHEFANGFACHUANGJIANQUMIAN,DIZUOZAOXINGHEZHIJIABUFENDEZAOXINGCAIYONGMIANPIANCAOTUDEFANGSHI,YOUPINGMIANZHIJIEJIEQIEMIANPIAN,DEDAOZHEIYITEZHENGDEDUANMIANLUNKUO,ZAIGENJULUNKUOQUXIANHUIZHITUXING,CAIYONGLASHENDENGMINGLINGCHUANGJIANSHITIHUOZHEQUMIAN。ZUIHOUCAIYONGQUMIANQIEGESHITIDEFANGSHI,YIJISHITIHEBINGDEFANGSHIDEDAOWANZHENGDEDIANHUAJIZUOZAOXING。

                                    XUYAOZHUYIYIDIAN,CAIYONGNIXIANGGONGCHENGJINXINGCHUANGXINSHEJISHI,BINGFEISUOYOUJIEGOUDOUBIXUSHIYONGNIXIANGRUANJIANLAISHIXIAN,XUYAOBAOLIUDEWAIGUANZAOXINGYINGJINXINGZHONGGOU,ERQITAJIEGOUBUFENCAIQUZHENGXIANGSHOUDUANYEKESHIXIAN,BENLIZHONG,BOHAOPANJIANGBEISHEJICHENGYINXIANGDELABA,ANZHUANGYANGSHENGQI,YINCIBOHAOPANBUXUYAOJINXINGNIXIANGJIANMO,ERSHIZAIQITAJIANMORUANJIAN,RUPro/EngineeringRUANJIANZHONGCAIYONGZHENGXIANGJIANMOFANGSHIJINXINGZAOXINGSHEJI,RUTU3SUOSHI。SHIFOUCAIQUNIXIANGHUOZHENGXIANGJIANMO,XUYAOGENJUCHANPINZHONGJIEGOUDESHEJIYAOQIUERDING。

                                  棋牌大全下载安装   TONGYANGDAOLI,KAIGUANHEUSBJIEKOUYECAIYONGPro/EngineeringRUANJIANJINXINGZHENGXIANGSHEJI,DIANHUAJIZUOZHUYAOJIANMOGUOCHENGRUTU4SUOSHI。

                                    4、 创新设计

                                  棋牌大全下载安装   CAIYONGNIXIANGSHOUDUANDUICHANPINWAIQIAOJINXINGZHONGGOUZHIHOU,JIHUODELEJIYUXIANYOUCHANPINDEWAIGUANCADSANWEISHUJU,ZAICIJICHUSHANGSHEJIZHEXUGENJUZHUANGPEIYAOQIUJINXINGJIEGOUWANSHAN。BENLIZHONG,XUYAOJIANGJIZUODIBUZUOCHENGKECHAIXIEJIEGOU,YIBIANANZHUANGLANYADIANLU。YINCIXUYAOZAIWEIQISHEJIGEDIBAN。DIBANJIANMOKEZAIPro/EngineeringRUANJIANZHONGWANCHENG。Pro EngineeringRUANJIANSHIBIJIAOCHANGYONGDEGONGYECHANPINSHEJIRUANJIAN,TADEZHUANGPEIMOKUAIKEYISHIXIANGUANLIANLINGJIANZHIJIANDECHICUNPEIHESHEJI。TONGGUOZHUANGPEIMOXINGCANZHAODIANHUAJIZUOCHICUNJINXINGDIBANDEZHENGXIANGJIANMO,ZHEIYANGSHEJIDEYOUSHISHISHIHOUZHEYUQIANZHEWANMEIWENHE,XINGCHENGYIGEWANZHENGDEYINXIANGQIANGTI。TONGSHI,ZAIPro/EngineeringRUANJIANZHONGWANCHENGDIANCHI、XINPIANHEXIANLUDEGUDINGJIEGOUSHEJI。

                                    图3 电话机座造型分析
                                  图3 电话机座造型分析

                                    图4 电话机座主要建模过程
                                  图4 电话机座主要建模过程

                                  棋牌大全下载安装   CIWAI,LIYONGNIXIANGHUODEDECADSANWEISHUJUFENGFUCHANPINGONGNENGYESHIFENFANGBIAN,BENLIZHONGZAIYINXIANGQIAOTINEIZHONGJIANPIANXIAFANGDEWEIZHISHEJIYIKUAIGELICHUQIANKONGJIAN,ZHEIYANGKEYIZAIXIANYOUCHANPINGONGNENGJICHUSHANGTISHENGQISHIYONGJIAZHI。

                                    5 、结束语

                                    NIXIANGGONGCHENGZUOWEICHANPINCHUANGXINSHEJIFANGFAZHIYI,QIYOUSHIZAIYUKEJIEZHUXIANYOUCHANPINWAIGUANZAOXINGSHIXIANKUAISUSHEJI,BINGYOUZHUSHEJIRENYUANFAHUICHUANGZAOLI,CONGGONGNENGSHANGJINXINGCHUANGXIN。JIYUNIXIANGJISHUJINXINGCHUANGXINSHEJISHI,BINGFEIZHIKEYICAIYONGNIXIANGJIANMOSHOUDUAN,ERSHIGENJUJIEGOUTEDIANHESHEJIXUYAO,LINGHUOSHIYONGZHENGXIANGJIANMOHENIXIANGJIANMOSHOUDUAN。

                                    参考文献

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                                    [2]张春卿.基于Geomagic的小家电产品的逆向设计[J].中国现代教育装备,2016,3:99-101.
                                    [3]刘军华.基于多个软件综合应用的塑料件逆向设计[J].科技与创新,2019,8:132-133.
                                    [4]曹素红,姚念进.Pro/Engineer野火版5.0产品造型设计项目式教程[M].机械工业出版社,2016,8.
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