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                  2. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 计算机论文 > 交通运输规划管理中GIS的运用途径

                    交通运输规划管理中GIS的运用途径

                    时间:2019-03-06 13:18作者:叶凯峰
                    本文导读:这是一篇关于交通运输规划管理中GIS的运用途径的文章,随着经济的发展,城市规模的扩大,城市交通运输系统更加复杂,所带来的交通拥堵等问题也愈发突出,仅仅依靠增加交通设施已不能满足城市发展的需求。特别是在大规模交通网络规划及建设完成后,交通拥堵问题成为亟需解

                      摘    要: 近年来,随着城市交通体系的逐步完善,GIS技术被广泛应用到交通运输管理系统中,这对于缓解交通拥堵问题起到了突出作用。本文对GIS技术在交通运输规划管理中的应用进行了分析,并从四个方面详细介绍了该技术的具体的应用途径,希望能为交通运输规划提供一定的借鉴与参考。

                      关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 GIS技术; 交通运输; 规划管理;

                    棋牌大全下载安装   SUIZHEJINGJIDEFAZHAN,CHENGSHIGUIMODEKUODA,CHENGSHIJIAOTONGYUNSHUXITONGGENGJIAFUZA,SUODAILAIDEJIAOTONGYONGDUDENGWENTIYEYUFATUCHU,JINJINYIKAOZENGJIAJIAOTONGSHESHIYIBUNENGMANZUCHENGSHIFAZHANDEXUQIU。TEBIESHIZAIDAGUIMOJIAOTONGWANGLUOGUIHUAJIJIANSHEWANCHENGHOU,JIAOTONGYONGDUWENTICHENGWEIJIXUJIEJUEDEZHONGYAONANTI。GISJISHUZONGHELEYAOGANCEHUI、DIXINGGANZHIDENGGONGNENG,ZAOYIBEIFADAGUOJIAYUNYONGYUCHENGSHIJIAOTONGYUNSHUGUIHUAZHIZHONG,BINGZAIJIANSHAODAOLUYONGDU、TISHENGTONGXINGZHILIANGFANGMIANQIDAOLEXIANZHEZUOYONG。

                      一、GIS技术在交通运输规划管理中的应用优势

                    棋牌大全下载安装   GISJISHUYEJIUSHIDILIXINXIXITONG,SHISHEJIJISUANJIKEXUE、SHUJUFENXIXUEYAOGANCEHUIXUE、SHUJUFENXIXUEDENGXUEKEDEZONGHEXINGXITONG。JINNIANLAI,SUIZHEWOGUOJUMINSHOURUDETISHENG,WOGUOGELEICHELIANGDEBAOYOULIANGDAWEIZENGJIA,JISHICHENGSHIJIAOTONGGUIHUAYIJINGYOULEMINGXIANJINBU,JIAOTONGYONGDU、JIAOTONGSHIGURENGSHIYOUFASHENG,DUIRENMENDECHUXINGZAOCHENGLEBULIYINGXIANG。ZAIXINXISHIDAI,ZENYANGBAGISJISHUYINGYONGDAOJIAOTONGYUNSHUGUIHUAGUANLIZHONGQU,SHICHENGSHIJIAOTONGGUIHUADEZHONGYAOWENTI。

                      ZAIJIAOTONGYUNSHUGUIHUAZHONG,GISJISHUYONGYOUYIXIAYOUSHI:DIYI,DONGTAIHUA。LIYONGGISJISHUNENGSHIXIANJIAOTONGYUNSHUDESHISHIJIANCE,BINGJIANLIDONGTAIMOXING,TISHENGGUIHUADEKEXUEXING。DIER,SHUZIHUA,CHUANTONGGUIHUAFANGANZHONGDESHUJUFENXIMEIYOUXIANGSHIDEJICHUSHUJUZUOWEIZHICHENG,SHOUZHUGUANYINSUDEYINGXIANGJIAODA,LIYONGGISJISHUZEKEYIGOUJIANSHUJUKULAISHIXIANQUANFANGWEISHUJUSHOUJI,SHIJISHURENYUANLIYONGXIANGSHIDESHUJUGAISHANFENXIXIAOGUO,QUEBAOJIAOTONGYUNSHUGUIHUAGUANLIDEXIAOLV。DISAN,KEXUEHUA,YUNYONGGISJISHUKAIZHANJIAOTONGYUNSHUGUIHUASHI,JISHURENYUANJIKEYICONGDAOLUYUNSHUDEJIAODULAIYOUHUAXITONGGUANLI,YOUKEYICONGQUYUJINGJI、ZIRANTIAOJIANDENGJIAODUCHUFA,KEXUEYUCEJIPINGGUQUYUNEIQIANZAIDEZIRANZAIHAI,BINGJISHIZUOCHUYUJINGFANGAN。GENJUBUTONGSHIDUANJILUDUANDESHISHIJIAOTONGZHUANGKUANG,KEXUEXUANZEGONGGONGJICHUSHESHIDIZHI,SHUDAOJIAOTONGGAOFENGQIDECHELIULIANG。

                      二、GIS技术在交通运输规划管理中的应用途径

                      (一)道路设计

                      CHUANTONGDEDAOLUSHEJIGONGZUOLIANGDABINGQIEXIAOLVDI,ERYUNYONGXIANDAIDILIXINXIJISHUNENGGOUSHISHEJIXIAOLVDADATIGAO。LIRU,ZAICHENGSHIGISJIAOTONGXINXIXITONGZHONGKEYILIYONGXUNIXIANSHIJISHUJIGISDONGTAIMONIJISHUDUIGUIHUAFANGANJINXINGMONI、FANGZHENJIPINGGU,SHIFANGANGENGFUHESHIJIXUYAO,BINGNENGYUCEWEILAIDEFAZHANKONGJIAN。TONGSHI,KELIYONGGISJISHUDEWANGLUOFENXI、DIEZHIFENXIJIHUANCHONGQUFENXIGONGNENGDUIDAOLUZHANGDU、KUANDUJIZUIJIALUJINGJINXINGHELISHEZHI。LINGWAI,KELIYONGGISJISHUDESANWEITUOPUSHENGCHENG,SHIXIANDAOLUDELITIHUA,BINGGENJULUDUANGUIHUAQUEDINGNALIJIANLITIJIAOCHA、NALISHEZHIGONGJIAOTINGKAOZHANDIANDENG。

                      (二)交通预测

                      首先,GIS技术具有很强的信息收集与处理功能,相关工作人员可根据收集到的信息对道路未来一定时间内的通行车辆进行预测和计算,从而对交通拥堵等问题进行预见,并提前拟定疏导措施。其次,通过GIS技术的模型建立功能,相关人员可对交通路线的整体运转情况进行把握,针对存在的问题、即将出现的问题制定完善的解决策略,确保交通运输的安全性。
                     

                    交通运输规划管理中GIS的运用途径
                     

                      (三)车辆引导

                    棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIDAOLUYUNSHUGUIHUAXITONGZHONG,JIAOTONGZHIFAJUYOUJIAOHAODESHUDAOZUOYONG,DANGFASHENGJIAOTONGYONGDUQINGKUANGSHI,ZHIFARENYUANKEGENJUZHISHIJISHIJINXINGSHUDAO,QUEBAODAOLUYUNSHUGUIHUADESHUNLIYUNXING。GISJISHUJUYOUYOULIANGDEDAOHANGXINGNENG,NENGGOUWEIZHIFARENYUANTIGONGJINGQUEDEJIAOTONGSHUDAOFANGAN。YIJIAOTONGZHIHUIZHONGXINDEDAOLUXINXIWEIYIJU,JINXINGKEXUE、HELIDEJIAOTONGSHUDAO。LIYONGGISJISHUJINXINGJIAOTONGYUNSHUGUIHUAGUANLI,NENGGOUJIANGDIDAOLUFASHENGYONGDUDEGAILV,JINYIBUTISHENGJIAOTONGYUNSHUXITONGDEYUNZUOXIAOLV。CIWAI,SUIZHEJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,GISJISHUYEKEYIYUNYONGDAOCHEZAIDAOHANGZHONGDUANSHANG,CHEZHUKEYIGENJUXITONGTISHITIQIANGUIBIYONGDULUDUAN,CONGERBIMIANZAOCHENGGENGYANZHONGDEYONGDU,FANGBIANCHENGSHIJIAOTONGGUIHUAYUCHELIANGDIAODU。

                      YIJIAOTONGDAOHANGXITONGDEYUNXINGSHUJUWEIYIJU,GISJISHUKEYIWEIJIAOTONGYUNSHUGUIHUARENYUANTIGONGJINGQUEDEJIAOTONGSHUJU,XIEZHUDAOLUYUNSHUGUIHUARENYUANGENGXIANGXIDIZHANGWOJIAOTONGYUNSHUZHUANGKUANG。BAGISJISHUYINGYONGDAODAOCHENGSHIJIAOTONGGUIHUAGUANLIZHONG,KEYIQUEBAOJIAOTONGYUNSHUXITONGDEHELIYUNXING。ZAIGISJISHUDEZHICHIXIA,JIAOTONGYUNSHURENYUANHAIKEYIBAGEXIANGJIAOTONGSHUJUJINGQUESHURUDAODIANZIDITUNEI,JINERXIEZHUYUNSHUGUANLIRENYUANGENGKUAI、GENGHAODIZUOHAOXIANLUGUIHUAGONGZUO,YOUXIAOTISHENGGONGZHONGDECHUXINGZHILIANG。

                      (四)设施管理

                    棋牌大全下载安装   SHOUXIAN,LIYONGDILIXINXIXITONGRUANJIANZIDAIDEGONGNENGGOUJIANZONGHESHUJUKU,DEDAOYIGECHENGSHIZONGDEJIAOTONGWANGLUOJIEGOU,GAIWANGLUOJIEGOUYINGHANGAILUWANGNEISUOYOUTONGJIGAINIANSHANGDEJIAOTONGLIUFENBU,ZHEIJIUXUYAODALIANGDELISHISHUJUYUSHISHIJIAOTONGSHUJUZUOWEIJIAGOULUWANGDEJICHU。QICI,ZAIJIYUJIAOTONGLIUFUGAIDELUWANGJIEGOUSHANG,SHIXIANBUTONGDEJIAOTONGKONGZHIFANGSHI,ZAILUWANGDEDAOLUJIAOCHAKOUSHANGYINGYONGTUCENGGOUJIANJIAOTONGXINHAOKONGZHIDUIXIANG,JIANGXIANGGUANSHUJUCUNCHUDAOSHUJUKUZHONG。DISAN,GOUJIANJIAOTONGSHESHIDEJINGTAISHUJUKU,DUILUWANGZHONGDELUBIAO、HONGLVDENGSHESHI、ZHISHIPAI、JIANCEXIANQUANDENGGEZHONGJINGTAIJIAOTONGSHESHIDEXINXIJINXINGCHAXUNJITONGJI,BINGBALUWANGSHUXINGSHUJUJISHITISHUJUANLUDUANHEDILIZUOBIAOLIANXIQILAI,SHIXIANDUISUOYOUJIAOTONGSHESHIDEGUANLIYUWEIHU。

                      三、结语

                    棋牌大全下载安装   ZONGZHI,SUIZHEJIAOTONGYUNSHUSHIYEDEKUAISUFAZHAN,DAOLUANQUANJIJIAOTONGYUNSHUXIAOLVCHENGWEIDAOLUGUIHUAKAOLVDEZHONGYAONEIRONG。ZAIJIAOTONGYUNSHUGUIHUAGUANLIZHONG,JIAOTONGSHIGUJIJIAOTONGYONGDUDENGWENTIYANZHONGYINGXIANGLEGONGZHONGDEZHENGCHANGCHUXING,ERLIYONGGISJISHUNENGGOUYOUXIAOGAISHANZHEIYIWENTI,QIJINENGGOUWEIXIANDAIJIAOTONGGUIHUATIGONGSILU,YESHIXIANLEDAOLUJIAOTONGXITONGJIANSHEYUXINXIJISHUDERONGHE,YOUXIAOTIGAOLEJIAOTONGYUNSHUDEXIAOLVYUZHILIANG。

                      参考文献

                      [1] 董成国.关于交通运输规划与管理中GIS技术的应用分析[J].智库时代,2018(31):177.
                      [2] 王静晖.GIS在公路交通规划与管理中的应用[J].现代交通技术研究,2019(2):62-64.
                      [3] 邓晓斌.基于GIS的交通规划决策支持系统设计[J].测绘,2017(3):115-116.
                      [4] 柳婷,陈小松,张伟.无人机倾斜摄影辅助BIM+GIS技术在城市轨道交通规划选线中的应用[J].测绘通报,2017(S1):197-200.

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