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                                当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 教育教学论文 > 如何提高学生地理实践能力

                                如何提高学生地理实践能力

                                时间:2018-12-16 10:37作者:郝良旭
                                本文导读:这是一篇关于如何提高学生地理实践能力的文章,高中地理课程新标准中明确指出:“全面推进素质教育,要求从学生的全面发展和终身学习出发,构建体现现代教育理念、反映地理科学发展,适应社会生产生活需要的高中地理课程。”

                                  摘    要: 新课程标准中明确提出了要提升高中生的核心素养,而地理实践能力是地理核心素养的一部分,如何才能有效提高高中生地理实践能力是地理教师们重点思考的问题。本文阐述了在地理教学中如何通过社会调查等方式让学生在真实的生活情境中学习地理知识,从而提升地理实践能力。

                                  关键词: 高中生; 地理实践能力; 学科素养; 社会调查;

                                  2014NIANJIAOYUBU《GUANYUQUANMIANSHENHUAKECHENGGAIGELUOSHILIDESHURENGENBENRENWUDEYIJIAN》ZHONGTICHUGEXUEDUANXUESHENGFAZHANHEXINSUYANGTIXI。GAOZHONGDILIKECHENGBIAOZHUNXIUDINGZUJIANG“RENDIXIEDIAOGUAN、ZONGHESIWEI、QUYURENZHIHEDILISHIJIANLI”QUEDINGWEIDILIHEXINSUYANG。JIAOSHIZAIPEIYANGXUESHENGDILIXUEKESUYANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DILIKETANGSHANGHUOQUDILIZHISHIDEFANGSHIHAIBIJIAODANYI,DUIYUDILISHIJIANLIDEPEIYANGFANGSHIHEJUTICAOZUOGUOCHENGHAIXUYAOJINYIBUTANJIU,BENWENZHUYAOZAIRUHETIGAOXUESHENGDILISHIJIANNENGLIFANGMIANZUOLEYANJIU,TANSUOCHULEYIXIEJINGYAN。

                                  一、问题的提出

                                  GAOZHONGDILIKECHENGXINBIAOZHUNZHONGMINGQUEZHICHU:“QUANMIANTUIJINSUZHIJIAOYU,YAOQIUCONGXUESHENGDEQUANMIANFAZHANHEZHONGSHENXUEXICHUFA,GOUJIANTIXIANXIANDAIJIAOYULINIAN、FANYINGDILIKEXUEFAZHAN,SHIYINGSHEHUISHENGCHANSHENGHUOXUYAODEGAOZHONGDILIKECHENG。”XINKECHENGGAIGEQIANGDIAOYAOFAZHANXUESHENGHEXINSUYANG,ERDILISHIJIANLISHIDILIHEXINSUYANGDEYAOSUZHIYI。

                                  WOMENXUEXIAOSHIYISUOSHENGJIZHONGDIANSHIFANGAOZHONG,RUXIAODEXUESHENGDABUFENDOURENWEIDILIZHISHIDEXUEXIYUSHENGHUOSHIJIDELIANXIFEICHANGMIQIE,DUISHENGHUOZHONGDEDILIXIANXIANGYEHENGANXINGQU,DANSHI,JINGGUOYIDUANSHIJIANDEJIAOXUEWOFAXIANXUESHENGZAIXUEXIDILIZHISHIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZUIWEIBORUODESHISHITUHEYUDILISHIJIANLIXIANGLIANXIDEZHISHI。SUIRANXUESHENGMENRENWEIDILISHIJIANHUODONGDUIGAOZHONGDILIDEXUEXIFEICHANGYOUYONG,BINGQIEYUANYIHUASHIJIANCANYUDILISHIJIANHUODONG,DANYOUYUXUEXIAOQUESHAOKAIZHANDILISHIJIANHUODONGDECHANGDI,TONGSHI,XUEXIAOYECHUYUDUIXUESHENGANQUANHEKESHIDENGYINSUDEKAOLV,ZHIYUELEDILISHIJIANLIHUODONGDEKAIZHAN。

                                  二、研究的意义

                                  SHOUXIAN,TONGGUOBENKETIDEYANJIU,KEYITIGAOYANJIUJIAOSHIDELILUNSHUIPING,ZAIJIAOXUEZHONG,SHISHENGDEHUDONGYAOYIXUESHENGWEIZHUTIJINXINGTANSUO,JIAOSHICHONGDANGZHUANJIAJIAOSEJINXINGZHIDAOHEJIEYI,WEIXUESHENGTIGONGLILUNYIJU,CHUANGZAOXIANGGUANTIAOJIAN,JIJIWEIXUESHENGDETANSUOFUWU,BUDUANCHUANGXIN,CONGERDADAOSHISHENGGONGTONGCHENGZHANGDEMUDE。

                                  其次,通过本课题的研究,可以转变学生的学习习惯,充分发挥学生的主动性和创新能力,让学生从被动接受转变为主动建构,激发学生学习地理的兴趣,促进学生的发展,提高学生地理实践能力。
                                 

                                如何提高学生地理实践能力
                                 

                                  三、研究的内容

                                  1.WOXIAOGAOYIXINSHENGDILIXUEXIXIANZHUANGDEDIAOCHAYANJIU。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   2.PEIYANGGAOYIXUESHENGDILISHIJIANNENGLIFANGFADEYANJIU。

                                  四、研究的方法和具体措施

                                  BENKETIZUNXUNLILUNLIANXISHIJIDEYUANZE,CAIYONGLILUNHESHIJIANXIANGJIEHEDEYANJIUCELVE,YIBIANYANJIU、YIBIANSHIYAN、YIBIANJILEI,JUTIFANGFARUXIA:

                                棋牌大全下载安装   1.WENXIANFA:XUEXICANKAOZILIAO,CHAZHAO、YUEDUYANJIUTIGAOGAOZHONGSHENGDILISHIJIANLIXIANGGUANDELILUN,WEIYANJIUZUOHAOLILUNZHUNBEI。

                                  2.WENJUANDIAOCHAFA:ZAIKETISHISHIJIEDUAN,DUIGAOYIXINSHENGZHANKAIWENJUANDIAOCHA,LEJIEXUESHENGXIANYOUDILISHIJIANLISHUIPINGHEYIWANGDILIXUEXIFANGSHI,ZHAOCHUCUNZAIDEWENTI,WEIKETIYANJIUTIGONGYIJU。

                                  3.XINGDONGYANJIUFA:WEIRAOKETIZHIDINGXINGDONGYANJIUJIHUA,TONGGUOJIXUESHENGBUZHISHEHUIDIAOCHARENWUDENGFANGSHITIGAOXUESHENGDEDILISHIJIANNENGLI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   4.JINGYANZONGJIEFA:ZAIKETIZONGJIEJIEDUAN,JIANGYANJIUDEJIEGUOJINXINGZONGJIESHULI,TILIANCHENGGUO,BINGXINGCHENGYANJIUBAOGAO。

                                  五、研究的成果与成效

                                  (一)课例设计

                                  BENCIYANJIUDEZHUYAOCHENGGUOZHIYIJIUSHIJIANGDILISHIJIANLIYINGYONGZAIDILIKETANGZHONG,RANGXUESHENGCHONGFENGANSHOUDAODILIDEMEILI,KELIDEJUTINEIRONGRUXIA:

                                  1.教材分析

                                  BENJIEKESHIXIANGJIAOBANGAOZHONGDILIBIXIUERDISANDANYUANDISANJIEDENEIRONG,BENZHANG“QUYUCHANYEHUODONG”ZAIJIAOCAIZHONGYOUJUZUQINGZHONGDEDIWEI,SHIQUANSHUDEZHONGYAOPIANZHANG。GONGYEDEQUWEIFENXISHIDUIQIANMIANZHISHIDESHENHUA,YESHIHOUMIANZHISHIDEFUDIAN,JUYOUCHENGSHANGQIXIADEZUOYONG。TONGSHI,BENJIEDEGONGYEQUWEIFENXI——YIHEIHEDIQUWEILI,MUDESHIRANGXUESHENGBASUOXUEJIBENYUANLIHEFANGFAYINGYONGDAOSHENBIANDEDILIHUANJINGZHONG,JIANGLILUNYUSHIJIANJIEHEQILAI,YENENGSHIXUESHENGGUANZHUJIAXIANGDEFAZHAN,PEIYANGXUESHENGDESHEHUIZERENGAN。

                                  2.地理学科素养

                                棋牌大全下载安装   2017BANGAOZHONGDILIXINKECHENGBIAOZHUNZHONGMINGQUEZHICHULEDILIDEXUEKESUYANG,GONGYOUSIGEFANGMIAN,ZHEISIGEFANGMIANSHIQUYURENZHI、ZONGHESIWEI、DILISHIJIANLIHERENDIXIEDIAOGUAN。XUESHENGTONGGUOKEXIADIAOCHAHEKESHANGZHANSHI,FENXIHEIHESHIDEGONGYEBUJUQINGKUANG,CONGERTIGAOLEXUESHENGDEQUYURENZHISHUIPING、ZONGHESIWEINENGLIHEDILISHIJIANLI。

                                  3.学情分析

                                  BENJIEKEDESHOUKEDUIXIANGSHIGAOYI(10)BANDEXUESHENG,GONGYEDEQUWEIFENXIDUIYUXUESHENGSHIJISHUXIYOUMOSHENGDEDILISHIWU。SUOWEISHUXI,SHITONGGUOSHANGJIEKEDUIGONGYEQUWEIYINSUDELILUNXUEXI,XUESHENGYIJINGCHUBUZHANGWOLEGONGYEQUWEIFENXIDEYIBANFANGFA。SUOWEIMOSHENG,SHIXUESHENGDUIGONGYEDEQUWEIXUANZEMEIYOUJIECHUGUO,YINCI,LILUNLIANXISHIJIDUIYUXUESHENGLAISHUOYOUXIEKUNNAN。

                                  4.教学目标

                                棋牌大全下载安装   (1)TONGGUODUIHEIHESHIGONGYEQUWEITIAOJIANDEFENXI,JINYIBULIJIEYINGXIANGGONGYEQUWEIDEZHUYAOYINSUJIFAZHANBIANHUA。

                                  (2)XUEHUIYUNYONGGONGYEQUWEIYUANLIHELIBUJUGONGYE。

                                  (3)TONGGUODUIBIWUHANGUANGGUCHANYEYUANQUDEQUWEITIAOJIAN,WEIJIAXIANGCHANYEYUANQUDEFAZHANXIANJIXIANCE。

                                  5.教法与学法

                                  (1)JIAOXUEFANGFA:JIAOSHITONGGUO“RENWUQUDONG”RANGXUESHENG“ZAIZUOZHONGXUE”。XUESHENGZAIJIAOSHICHUANGSHEDEQINGJINGZHONGFAXIANWENTI,ZAIXIAOZUHUODONGDEGUOCHENGZHONGTANJIUWENTI,JIEJUEWENTI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   (2)XUEXIFANGFA:MEIGUOJIAOYUJIADUWEITICHU:KETANGYINGYIXUESHENGWEIZHONGXIN,BINGCHIZAIZUOZHONGXUEDEJIAOYULINIAN。SUOYI,BENZHE“YIRENWEIBEN”DEJIAOXUELINIAN,BENJIEKECAIYONGLEDIAOCHAYANJIUFAHEHEZUOTANJIUDEXUEFA。XUESHENGLIYONGQINGMINGXIAOJIAQIDESHEHUIDIAOCHAHUODONG,JIANGKETANGSHANGXUEDAODEGONGYEQUWEIYINSUDELILUNZHISHIYINGYONGDAOSHIJIANZHONG,YUXIANSHISHENGHUOQINGJINGJIEHEZAIYIQI,PEIYANGXUESHENGDEDILISHIJIANLIHEHEZUONENGLI。

                                  6.教学过程

                                棋牌大全下载安装   (1)ZHIJIEDAORU:ZHANSHIXUEXIMUBIAOHEXUEKESUYANG,RANGXUESHENGMINGQUEBENKEDEXUEXIZHUTIHEXUEXIMUBIAO,ZUODAOYOUDEFANGSHI,TIGAOKETANGXIAOLV。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   (2)HUIGUJIUZHI、SHULIXIANSUO:YINDAOXUESHENGHUIYIYINGXIANGGONGYEBUJUDEQUWEIYINSUBINGBANSHU,WENGUZHIXIN,SHIXUEXIXIANSUOGENGWEIQINGXI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   (3)SHEHUIDIAOCHASHIJIANCHENGGUOZHANSHI:KEQIANLIYONGQINGMINGXIAOJIAQIYIXIAOZUWEIDANWEIDUIHEIHESHIBUFENGONGYEJINXINGSHIDIDIAOCHA,KESHANGQINGGEXIAOZUDAIBIAOSHANGTAIZHANSHIBUTONGQIYEDEDIAOCHACHENGGUO,JIAOSHIHEXUESHENGDUIDIAOCHACHENGGUODEZHANSHIFENBIEZUOCHUZONGJIE。

                                  SHEHUIDIAOCHASHIJIANKEYIRANGXUESHENGYINGYONGSHENBIANJUTIANLIJINXINGFENXI,PEIYANGXUESHENGDEZIZHUXUEXINENGLIHEHEZUOTANJIUNENGLI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   (4)GONGYEJIJUDUIBI:ZHANSHIHEIHEGONGYEYUANQU(HEIHEJINCHUKOUJIAGONGQU)GAIKUANGHEWUHANGUANGGUCHANYEYUANQUDEGAIKUANG,RANGXUESHENGSIKAOYIXIALIANGGEWENTI:

                                棋牌大全下载安装   a.GENJUYISHANGTUWENZILIAOFENXIWUHANGUANGGUGAOXINQUFAZHANQILAIDEYOUSHIQUWEITIAOJIAN。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   b.YUWUHANGUANGGUXIANGBI,HEIHESHIJINCHUKOUJIAGONGQUYOUNAXIELIESHI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   (5)ZUOYESHEZHI:JIEHEBENJIEKEDUIHEIHESHIGONGYEBUJUXIANZHUANGDEFENXI,YIJIWOMENDUIHEIHESHIQUWEIDELEJIE,QINGXUESHENGWEIHEIHESHIWEILAIDEFAZHANZHIDINGKEXINGXINGDEGUIHUAFANGAN。KEHOUWANCHENGDUIHEIHESHIWEILAIDEFAZHANZHIDINGKEXINGXINGDEGUIHUAFANGANDEYANJIUXIAOLUNWEN。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   JIYUJINNIANLAIGAOKAOMINGTISILUDEZOUXIANG,TESHEZHIKAIFANGXINGKEHOUZUOYE,JIYOUZHUYUPEIYANGXUESHENGDEKAIFANGXINGSIWEI,YOUYUGAOKAOSHITIDUIJIE,TONGSHIZENGQIANGLEXUESHENGREAIJIAXIANG、FUWUJIAXIANGDEZERENGAN。

                                  (二)成效

                                  TONGGUOBENCIYANJIUSHOUXIANCHONGFENDIAODONGLEXUESHENGDEXUEXIJIJIXING,WULUNSHISHEHUISHIJIANDIAOCHA,HAISHIGERENYOUXUEHUODONGDOURANGXUESHENGQINSHENTIYANDAOLEDILIXUEXIDELEQUHEDILIZAISHENGHUOZHONGDESHIYONGXING,BINGQIEZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGDIAODONGLEXUESHENGXUEXIDEZHUGUANNENGDONGXING,FAHUILEXUESHENGDECHUANGXINJINGSHENHEHEZUOTANJIUNENGLI。QICI,TONGGUODUIZIJIJIAXIANGGONGYECHANYEDEDIAOCHAHEQIBUJUDEFENXI,DUANLIANLEXUESHENGDEQUYURENZHINENGLIHEZONGHESIWEINENGLI。ZUIHOUTONGGUOCHUANGSHEQINGJINGRANGXUESHENGWEIZIJIDEJIAXIANGXIANJIXIANCE,JIFALEXUESHENGDUIJIAXIANGDEREAIZHIQING,DUIZUGUODAHAOHESHANDEAIHUZHIQING。

                                  六、今后方向

                                  BENKETIYANJIUSUIRANGAOYIDUANLUO,QUDELEYIXIECHENGJI,DUICUJINXUESHENGDEXUEHEJIAOSHIDEJIAODOUQIDAOLEYIDINGDEZUOYONG,DANTIGAOXUESHENGDILISHIJIANNENGLISHEJIDAODEFANGFAYOUHENDUO,YOUYUXUEXIAOSHEBEIYOUXIAN,KESHIYOUXIAN,ZAIYANJIUGUOCHENGZHONGYOUYIXIEDILISHIJIANLIDEFANGFAMEIYOUYANJIUDAO,JINHOUJIANGDUITIGAODILISHIJIANLIDEQITAFANGFAJINXINGJINYIBUYANJIU。

                                  参考文献

                                  [1] 中华人民共和国教育部.关于全面深化课程改革落实立德树人根本任务的意见[G41].中国农村教育,2014,(06).
                                  [2] 陈燕.基于实践活动的高中生地理实践能力培养研究[D].华中师范大学,2012.
                                  [3] 温建潘.浅谈高中地理有效学习方法[J].读与写(教育教学刊),2017,(7).

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