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                    当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 教育教学论文 > 小学低年级识字教学的现状与建议

                    小学低年级识字教学的现状与建议

                    时间:2019-03-09 14:08作者:马能芳
                    本文导读:这是一篇关于小学低年级识字教学的现状与建议的文章,随着新课程改革的深入与发展,小学低年级识字教学质量有了大幅度的提高。对于小学低年级的学生来说,当前最主要的任务就是认识大量的汉字,为后期语文阅读及写作,甚至其他科目、日常生活等打好基础。

                      摘    要: 棋牌大全下载安装识字教学是小学低年级语文教学中不可或缺的一部分,小学生在学习的过程中需要认识大量的汉字。小学生只有认识大量的汉字,才能为以后的学习打下坚实的基础,从而深入地学习知识。小学生刚步入小学,对汉字充满了好奇心,但是学得快忘得也快,自身也没有足够的能力去温故而知新,所以小学语文教师应将更多的心思和精力投入识字教学,让学生在快乐、轻松的氛围中学习知识,提高自身的识字量。本文主要讲在探索新课程的理念下,关于小学低年级识字教学的现状以及建议,从而提升小学低年级学生的识字量以及学习效率。

                      关键词: 小学低年级; 识字教学; 教学方式; 教学现状;

                      引言

                      SUIZHEXINKECHENGGAIGEDESHENRUYUFAZHAN,XIAOXUEDINIANJISHIZIJIAOXUEZHILIANGYOULEDAFUDUDETIGAO。DUIYUXIAOXUEDINIANJIDEXUESHENGLAISHUO,DANGQIANZUIZHUYAODERENWUJIUSHIRENSHIDALIANGDEHANZI,WEIHOUQIYUWENYUEDUJIXIEZUO,SHENZHIQITAKEMU、RICHANGSHENGHUODENGDAHAOJICHU。JIAOSHIYINGGAIFENGFUYUCHUANGXINJIAOXUEFANGSHI,YIJUXIAOXUESHENGDESHENXINFAZHANQINGKUANG,YINCAISHIJIAO,ZHUZHONGXUESHENGDEKETANGZHUTIDIWEI,SHEJIFUHEXUESHENGGEXINGHUAHECHAYIHUADEJIAOXUEHUODONG,WEIXIAOXUESHENGYINGZAOQINGSONGYUYUEDESHIZIXUEXIFENWEI,YINDAOXIAOXUESHENGJIJIZHUDONGDICANYUDAOKETANGJIAOXUE,SHIXIAOXUESHENGCHONGFENFAHUIZISHENDEZHUGUANNENGDONGXING,TISHENGXIAOXUESHENGDEYUWENXUEXINENGLI,CUJINXIAOXUESHENGDEQUANMIANFAZHAN[1]。

                      一、小学低年级识字教学的现状

                      (一)教学方式传统、单一

                      JIAOSHIZAISHIZIJIAOXUEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,CAIYONGCHUANTONGDE、KEBANDE、SIJIYINGBEIDEJIAOXUEFANGSHI,MUDESHIWANCHENGXUESHENGSHIZIMUBIAO。DANSHI,JIAOXUEFANGSHIBIJIAODANYI,BUNENGJIFAXUESHENGXUEXIDEJIJIXING,GENGBUNENGSHIXUESHENGZIFADIXUEXIHANZI。XIAOXUEDINIANJIDEXUESHENGZIKONGNENGLIJIAORUO,HUOPOHAODONGBINGQIETANWANMEINAIXIN,MIANDUIKUZAODESHIZIKETANGHENRONGYIPIJUAN,KEHOUZUOYEYEBUNENGBAOZHIBAOLIANGDIWANCHENG。YINCI,JIAOSHIZAIJIAOXUEFANGSHISHANGYINGGAIJINXINGCHUANGXIN,RANGXIAOXUESHENGZAIQINGSONGYUKUAIDEXUEXIFANGSHIZHONGHUOQUZHISHI,TIGAOXUESHENGXUEXIDEXIAOLVYUJIJIXING。

                      (二)忽视学生之间个人能力的不同

                      正如世界上没有两片完全相同的叶子,每个小学生在成长的过程,其学习程度及接受能力都不相同,各有各的长处与短处。所以教师在进行识字教学之前,应该了解每个小学生的接受能力,从而根据小学生之间的差异采用相关的教学策略。教师对不同层次的学生应有不同的要求,对学习好的学生而言,可以提前预习下节课的知识点或者拓展课外知识,后进生则可以学习巩固基础知识。当前存在的问题就是大多数教师没有了解小学生之间的差异性,没有做到因材施教,导致小学生学习汉字的积极性不高,学习效率低下。教师在教学过程中没有做到放手让小学生积极展示自我,没有体现出以小学生为主,反而教师居于主体地位,导致课堂氛围不活跃。
                     

                    小学低年级识字教学的现状与建议
                     

                      (三)学生没有发挥主观能动性

                      JIAOSHIZAIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONGZHANZHUTIDIWEI,WEILEWANCHENGJIAOXUEMUBIAO,JIXUESHENGGUANSHUDALIANGDEHANZI,SHIXUESHENGZAIJIAOSHIDEYANGEYAOQIUXIAZHINENGSIJIYINGBEIHANZI。JIAOSHIZHIZHUZHONGJIAOXUEDESUDUYUSHULIANG,BUGUANXUESHENGXUEXIDEZHILIANG,RENWEIZHIYOULIANGDEJILEICAINENGCHENGJIUZHIDEFEIYUE。XIAOXUESHENGZAIZHEIYANGGAOQIANGDUDEXUEXIFENWEIXIAHUICHANSHENGYANJUANQINGXU,ZHEIDADADAJILEXIAOXUESHENGXUEXIDEJIJIXING。XUESHENGQUEFAXUEXIREQINGBIANHENNANTOURUXUEXI,SHIZIJIAOXUEKETANGJIUHUIBIANDEKUZAOWUWEI。

                      (四)教师忽视教学内容,依附于课本

                      JIAOSHIZAISHIZIJIAOXUEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,GUOFENYILAIKEBEN,JIANGKENEIRONGYEYISHIZIJIAOCAIWEIZHU,MEIYOUXIANGGUANSHIZIFANGMIANDEKEWAIYANZHAN,DAOZHIXIAOXUESHENGXUEXIDEZHISHIMIANJINXIANYUKEBEN。BUFENJIAOSHIMEIYOUCHONGFENDIZHUNBEIJIAOXUENEIRONG,SUIZHEKEBENDANYUANZOU,MEIYOUDUIXINGJINZIDENGJIAYIXIANGXIDIDUIBIJIESHI,DAOZHIXIAOXUESHENGBUNENGZHENGQUEDIJIANGHANZIYIJINGDUIHAORUZUO。

                      二、小学低年级识字教学的建议

                      (一)遵循教学规律

                      MEIGEXIAOXUESHENGYINWEIZISHENJIESHOUXINZHISHIDENENGLIBUTONG,SUOYIZAISHIZIDEGUOCHENGZHONGBUNENGHENHAODIZHANGWOZHISHI。SUIRANXIAOXUESHENGDUISHIWUCHONGMANLEXINXIANGAN,DANRUGUOYIZHICHUZAIYIGEKUZAOFAWEIDEXUEXIHUANJINGZHONG,XIAOXUESHENGHENNANJIANCHIXIAQU。JIAOSHIZAIDINIANJISHIZIJIAOXUEZHONGYAOZUNXUNSHIZIJIAOXUEGUILV,JIANCHICONGJIANDAOFAN、XUNXUJIANJINDEGUILV,DUIHANZIDEPINYIN、XINGZHUANG、YISIJINXINGQUANMIANDEJIANGJIE。JIAOSHIKEYITIAOXUANYOUTEDIANDEHANZIJINXINGJIAOXUE,JIFAXIAOXUESHENGXUEXIHANZIDEXINGQU,RU“GE”“TUO”“OU”“JUAN”DENGDAIYOUNIAOZIPANGDEDABUFENDOUSHIDONGWU。JIAOSHIKEYIJIEZHUDUOMEITIFANGYINGYUHANZIXIANGDUIYINGDETUPIAN,ZAIZHANSHIXIANGGUANTUPIANDEGUOCHENGZHONGKEYIJIANGJIEHANZIDEFAYINJIYISI,RANGXIAOXUESHENGSIKAOHAIYOUNAXIEZIYESHINIAOZIPANG,SHIBUSHIDONGWU?CONGERQIFAXIAOXUESHENGDELIANXIANGNENGLI,ZHENZHENGDIRANGXUESHENGCANYUDAOXUEXIZHONGLAI,SHIHANZIZAIXIAOXUESHENGDENAOHAILILIUXIASHENKEDEYINXIANG。ZAISHIDANGDESHIHOU,JIAOSHIKEYIGENJUXUEXIJINDUYIJIXIAOXUESHENGZHANGWOZHISHIDECHENGDU,JINXINGKEWAIXIANGGUANZHISHIDEJIAOXUE,TUOKUANXIAOXUESHENGDEZHISHIMIAN。ZHEIZHONGYUJIAOYULEDEJIAOXUEFANGSHI,KEYISHIXUESHENGJIJICANYUQIZHONG,JIFAXUESHENGZIZHUXUEXIDEJIQING,CONGERTIGAOXIAOXUESHENGDESHIZINENGLI。

                      (二)丰富教学方式

                    棋牌大全下载安装   XIAOXUEDINIANJIXUESHENGDUIHANZICHONGMANLEHAOQI,DANSHIXIAOXUESHENGZIZHILICHA,MEINAIXINHUOZHEDUISHIWUZHIYOUSANFENZHONGREDU,ZAIXUEXIHANZIDESHIHOUZUOERDUOJIN、YOUERDUOCHU,DUIKUZAOFAWEIDEXUEXITIBUQIXINGQU,DAOZHIMEIYOUSHENKEZHANGWOXUEXIHANZIDEYAOLING。YOUJUHUASHUO:“XINGQUSHIZUIHAODELAOSHI。”JIAOSHIZAISHIZIJIAOXUEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BIXUZHUANBIANCHUANTONGDE、DANYIDE、SIBANDEJIAOXUEFANGSHI,ZAIBUDUANDEJIAOLIUYUXUEXIZHONGFENGFU、WANSHANZIJIDEJIAOXUEFANGSHI,JIANCHIYIQIEWEILEXUESHENG,YIXUESHENGWEIZHUDEKETANG,JIANCHIXUESHENGCAISHIKETANGDEZHUREN,JIAOSHIZHISHIFUZHUXUESHENGXUEXIDEGUANDIAN,YINDAOXIAOXUESHENGZHUDONGDICANYUDAOHANZIXUEXIZHONGLAI。ZHENDUIDINIANJIXIAOXUESHENGHAOQIXINQIANG、HUOPOKAILANGDETEDIAN,JIAOSHIKEYISHIYONGYUJIAOYULEDEJIAOXUEFANGFA,JIANGJIAOXUEYUYOUXIJIEHEQILAI。LIRU,JIAOSHIKEYIZUZHIXUESHENGWAN“NIHUAWOCAI”DEYOUXI,ATONGXUEYONGYIFUHUABIAOSHIYIGEHANZI,RANGBTONGXUELAICAI。ZHEIZHONGJIAOXUEFANGSHIKEYISHIXIAOXUESHENGZAIKUAILEZHONGXUEXI,JIFAXIAOXUESHENGDEXINGQU,SHIXIAOXUESHENGJIJIDICANYUDAOKETANGDANGZHONG,HUOYUEKETANGFENWEI,TISHENGXIAOXUESHENGDEXUEXIXIAOLVYUJIAOSHIDEJIAOXUEZHILIANG。

                      (三)结合生活实际开展识字教学

                      SHENGHUOJIUXIANGYIGEWANHUATONG,TAWEIXUESHENGTIGONGLEGEZHONGGEYANGDEXUEXIZIYUAN。ZAIWOMENDESHENGHUODANGZHONG,YOUHENDUODEQIANGMIANBIAOYU,RUSHUILONGTOUSHANGHUIXIE“JIEYUEYONGSHUI”,SHITANGQIANGSHANGHUIXIE“GUANGPANXINGDONG”DENG,ZHEIDOUSHIHENHAODEXUEXIZIYUAN。JIAOSHIKEYIZAISHIZIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONGBUZHIZUOYE,RU“TONGXUEMENDOUZAINALIJIANGUOZHEIGEZIYA?”RANGXUESHENGZAISHENGHUOZHONGJINXINGXUEXIYUTANSUO。ZAIDAJIEXIAOXIANGZHONGHUIYOUHENDUOSHANGDIAN,MEIGESHANGDIANDEMINGZIDOUBUYIYANG,JIAOSHIKEYIRANGXUESHENGJILUYIXIAZAILUSHANGKANDAODESHANGDIANDEMINGZI,TONGGUOJIAZHANGDEBANGZHUHUOZHECHAYUEZIDIANXUEXISHIZI,DIERTIANRANGXUESHENGZAIKETANGSHANGJINXINGZHANSHI。ZHEIYANG,BUJINNENGTISHENGXIAOXUESHENGDESHIZILIANG,HAIKEYIPEIYANGXIAOXUESHENGZIZHUXUEXIDENENGLI。

                      结语

                      ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,DINIANJISHIZIJIAOXUEFEICHANGZHONGYAO。ZHIYOUCHUBEIDALIANGDEHANZI,CAINENGWEIXIAOXUESHENGHOUMIANDEXUEXIDAXIAJIANSHIDEJICHU,CAINENGSHIXIAOXUESHENGZAIYIHOUDEYUEDUHEXIEZUOZHONGYOURENYOUYU,CAINENGTIGAOXIAOXUESHENGXUEXIYUWENDENENGLIYUSHUIPING。SUOYI,JIAOSHIYINGGAITANSUOYUCHUANGXINJIAOXUEFANGFA,TISHENGGERENDEJIAOXUENENGLI,TONGGUOYUJIAOYULEDEJIAOXUEFANGSHI,JIJIYINDAOXIAOXUESHENGZHUDONGXUEXIHANZI,GULIXIAOXUESHENGJIJIDICANYUDAOKETANGDANGZHONGLAI,TIGAOXIAOXUESHENGXUEXIHANZIDENENGLI,WEIXIAOXUESHENGYIHOUDEXUEXIZHUNBEIHAOLIANGDEJILEI,YIDADAOXIAOXUESHENGHOUQIZHIDEFEIYUE,CONGERTIGAOXIAOXUESHENGZONGHENENGLI,CUJINXIAOXUESHENGDEQUANMIANFAZHAN。

                      参考文献

                      [1]CHILIJING.ZOUJIN“ZHI·QU”SHIZIKETANG——DINIANJISHIZIJIAOXUECELVE[J].KECHENGJIAOYUYANJIU,2018(35):57-58.

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