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                1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 会计论文 > 金融机构参与PPP项目的现状与优化建议

                  金融机构参与PPP项目的现状与优化建议

                  时间:2019-03-17 15:28作者:刘学敏
                  本文导读:这是一篇关于金融机构参与PPP项目的现状与优化建议的文章,近几年来,我国各地政府为了适应新常态下经济健康发展,促进基础设施和公共服务的建设,优化营商环境,积极推动PPP模式,引导民间资本共同参与,形成了具有中国特色的PPP 市场。

                    摘    要: PPP作为一种新型的基础设施投融资模式,伴随着中国投融资管理体制改革的产生,其融资难问题,是制约我国PPP项目推进的重要因素。PPP项目融资额度大、周期长、收益率低、融资主体是新成立的项目公司等特性,相对传统项目风险大,现阶段我国金融机构坏账的增加使其资产质量持续下降,已经不足以支撑其进行新业务的尝试。与此同时,政府制定的政策也没能起到良好的扶持和激励作用,导致一些金融机构参与PPP项目融资的积极性不高,尤其社会资本方是私企参与的PPP项目,融资难度更大。PPP项目融资对于金融机构既是机遇也是挑战,顺应经济发展的规律和国家的相关政策,建立PPP项目贷款体系,制定适合PPP项目特点的贷款制度,建立有效的风险防范机制,创新适合PPP项目融资的金融产品如绿色金融、资产证券化,积极推动PPP项目顺利发展。本文分析了PPP项目融资中金融机构关注的几个关键问题,有助于PPP 参与方在合法合规的前提下提高项目融资成功率。

                    关键词: PPP项目融资; 金融机构;

                  棋牌大全下载安装   JINJINIANLAI,WOGUOGEDIZHENGFUWEILESHIYINGXINCHANGTAIXIAJINGJIJIANKANGFAZHAN,CUJINJICHUSHESHIHEGONGGONGFUWUDEJIANSHE,YOUHUAYINGSHANGHUANJING,JIJITUIDONGPPPMOSHI,YINDAOMINJIANZIBENGONGTONGCANYU,XINGCHENGLEJUYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEPPP SHICHANG。BUTONGYUCHUANTONGDEZHENGFUTOUZIMOSHI,PPPXIANGMURONGZIZAIGONGGONGFUWUXIAOLVTISHENGFANGMIANZHANXIANCHULEJUDADEYOUSHI,DANFUZADELIUCHENG、JIAOZHANGDEZHOUQIYIJICANYUFANGZHONGDUODETEDIANSHIDEXIANGMUFENGXIANGUANLINANDUDAFUDUTISHENG。BENWENYANJIUDEMUDEJIUSHIWEIGUANGDAJINRONGJIGOUTIGONGJIDIANTOURONGZIFENGXIANGUANLIDEJIANYI,QIANGHUAPPPCANYUFANGDUIPPPXIANGMURONGZINANDIANDERENZHI,CUJINJINRONGJIGOUDUIPPPXIANGMURONGZICHANPINJINXINGJIEGOUHUASHEJI、FENGXIANJIEDUANXINGZUHE,CONGERTIGAOPPPXIANGMUDERONGZIKEXINGXINGJIXIANGMURONGZICHENGGONGLV。

                    1 、新常态下金融机构对PPP模式项目融资的作用

                  棋牌大全下载安装   PPPMOSHISHIDIAOJIEZHENGFUYUSHICHANGGUANXIDEYIZHONGFANGSHI,XINCHANGTAIXIAZHONGGUOSHIDEPPPMOSHI,JIANGYI“CHANRONGHUDONG”WEIBIAOZHI,BENZHITEZHENGSHI“RONGZI+GUANLI”。

                    1.1 、新常态下PPP模式得以推广的必然性

                  棋牌大全下载安装   CHUANTONGDEJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEHEGONGGONGFUWUDOUSHIYOUZHENGFUCHUZI,DUONIANLAI,DIFANGZHENGFUTONGGUODIFANGRONGZIPINGTAIRONGTONGZIJIN,DUIGEXIANGSHEHUISHIYEDEFAZHANHEGAISHANMINSHENGHUANJINGQIDAOLEJIJIZUOYONG,DANDAILAIYIXILIEDEWENTIBURONGHUSHI,BIRU,ZHENGFUZHINENGMOHU、DIFANGCAIZHENGYALI、JICHUSHESHI、GONGGONGCHANPINHEFUWUGONGJIXIAOLVDIXIADENGQINGKUANG。ZAIJIXUTUIJINXINXINGCHENGZHENHUAJIANSHEBEIJINGXIA,QINGKUANGGENGWEIYANZHONG。ZAICIQINGKUANGXIA,CAIZHENGBU、FAGAIWEIZHUDAOTUIDONGPPPMOSHIZUOWEIYIZHONGXINDERONGZIMOSHI,YUNXUSHEHUIZIBENCANYUDAOJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEHUOGONGGONGFUWUZHONGLAI,CHONGFENFAHUISHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGDEJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG。

                    1.2、 金融机构对PPP模式项目融资的作用

                    JINRONGJIGOUZUOWEIPPPXIANGMUBUKEHUOQUEDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,CHENGDANZHEHEXINDESHEHUIRONGZI、SHEHUIZIBENGANGGANZUOYONG,YUSHEHUIZIBENGONGTONGZUOWEIPPPXIANGMUDERONGZIFANG,JIJIFAHUIZHEPPPMOSHIDEZUZHI、JIANSHE、YUNYINGGONGNENG。

                    金融机构对PPP模式项目融资的作用主要体现在:第一,PPP模式本质是一种融资方式,是政府引进社会资本、金融机构参与基础设施和公共服务的一种新型的项目融资模式;第二,PPP模式可以使各类金融资本更多地参与到项目中,以提高公共产品和服务的效率,促进政府转变职能;第三,PPP模式明确了政府与市场的边界,减轻政府财政的压力和建设投资的风险,更专注提升公共服务的水平。引进社会资本方及金融机构参与PPP项目,可以增加项目的资本金数量,节省政府的投资,减轻财政负担。
                   

                  金融机构参与PPP项目的现状与优化建议
                   

                    2、 金融机构参与PPP项目的现状及存在的问题

                    2.1、 原有的金融产品不适应PPP项目融资

                    PPPXIANGMUJUYOUCANYUFANGDUO,CANYUZHUTIFALVDIWEIBUPINGDENG、ZIJINXUQIULIANGDA,RONGZIQIXIANZHANG、SHOUYILVDIDETEZHENG,JUEDINGQIRONGZIDETESHUXING,TONGCHANGPPPXIANGMUTOURULIANGGAODAJIYI、SHIJIYI,SHUBAIYI,YIJINGCHAOGUODANGEJINRONGJIGOUKEYITIGONGDERONGZIEDU,LINGWAIRONGZIQIXIANZHANG,SHANGYEYINXINGZICHANFUZHAIDUANDEQIXIANCUOPEIYALI,YEXIANZHILEYINXINGTOUFANGXINDAIDEQIXIAN,DANGQIANHENSHAOYOURONGZIJIGOUNENGDADAOQISUOYAOQIUDEQIXIAN,SUOYIPPPXIANGMURONGZIHUITONGGUOYINTUANDAIKUAN、YINXING、XINTUOHEJIJINHEZUO,YUNYONGJIEGOUHUAJINRONGCHANPIN、ZICHANZHENGQUANHUADERONGZIFANGSHI,FANGKEJIEJUEQIRONGZIEDUDA、QIXIANCUOPEIDEWENTI,SUOYIPPPRONGZISHIDUOZHONGRONGZIGONGJUHEDUOJIAJINRONGJIGOUCANYUDEGUQUAN、ZHAIQUANJIEHEDERONGZIMOSHI。

                    2.2 、PPP项目相对传统项目融资风险大

                    HECHUANTONGTOUZIXIANGMURONGZIXIANGBI,PPPXIANGMUDEYOUXIANZHUISUOJIANGXIANGMUCANYUGEFANGYUXIANGMUDETOUZIFENGXIANJINXINGLEGELI,WEILEYUNXINGPPPXIANGMUERCHENGLIDEGONGSIZAIXINYONG、DANBAOFANGMIANCUNZAILIESHI,YINCIJINRONGJIGOUZHINENGYIZHENGFUSHOUYUDETEXUJINGYINGQUAN、ZHENGFUFUFEICHENGNUOHEKEXINGXINGQUEKOUBUZHUSUOCHANSHENGDEWEILAIXIANJINLIUZUOWEIQIHAIKUANBAOZHANG。DANJIUMUQIANLAIKAN,YOUYUZHENGFUXINYONGTIZHISHANGBUWANSHAN,RENGJIUCUNZAIYIDINGDESHIXINFENGXIAN,ZHEISHIDEPPPXIANGMURONGZIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,JINRONGJIGOUXUYAOCHENGDANGENGDA,GENGFUZADEFENGXIAN。

                    3 、金融机构参与PPP模式项目融资建议

                    PPPXIANGMURONGZIDETEDIAN:SHOUXIANSHIPPPXIANGMUDEJIANSHEZHOUQIHENZHANG,XIANGYINGDETOUZIHUISHOUQIYEJIAOZHANG,ZHEIHUISHIJINRONGJIGOUDEZIJINBEIZHANGQIDALIANGZHANYONG,ZICHANLIUDONGSHOUDAOJIDADEYINGXIANG。QICISHISHEHUIXIAOYIWANGWANGDAYUJINGJIXIAOYI,QIEHUIBAOLVJIAODI。ZAICISHIPPPXIANGMUSUOBAOHANDEFENGXIANYINSUGENGJIAFUZA,ZAISHIJIANKUADUJIAODADEXIANGMUJIANSHEJINGYINGQINEI,XIANGMUTOUZIZHEXINYONG、SHICHANGHUANJINGBIANDONGDENGFANGMIANYINZANGDEFENGXIANYINSUDOUHUIBUDUANZENGJIA,SHIDEFENGXIANYUCENANDUDAFUDUDETISHENG,ZHEIJIANGWEIJINRONGJIGOUFENGXIANGUANLIDAILAIJUDADETIAOZHAN。ZUIHOUSHIYOUYUPPPXIANGMURONGZIXUYAOZHENGFUDEDANBAO,YINCIZHENGFUZHENGCEDEBIANDONGBIRANHUIDUIFENGXIANGUANLICHANSHENGYINGXIANG。JIYUQITEDIANHEXIANCUNDEWENTI,TICHUYIXIASIDIANJIANYI。

                    3.1、 完善法律法规

                    WANSHANPPPLIFA,JIANLIJINRONGFALVTIXI,XIHUAFALVFAGUI,JIANQUANJIANDUTIZHI,MINGXICANYUPPPXIANGMUZHENGFUBUMENZAIPPPXIANGMUHEZUODEGUOCHENGZHONGYUSHEHUIZIBENFANGFALVDIWEIDEPINGDENGXING,ZUNZHONGSHICHANGGUIZE,ZAIPPPXIANGMUHETONGZHONGSHUANGFANGZE、QUAN、LIDEPINGDENGXING,CHENGDANXIANGYINGDEWEIYUEZEREN;ZHIDINGPPPXIANGMURONGZIDEJINRONGZHENGCE,MINGQUESHANGYEYINXINGDESHEHUIZEREN,FAZHANZICHANZHENGQUANHUASHICHANGHELVSEJINRONG,ZHICHIPPPXIANGMURONGZIQIXIANZHANGDETEXING;ZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEYOUHUIZHENGCE,TIGAOPPPXIANGMUDERONGZINENGLI。TUIDONGPPPXIANGMUZAIFAZHIDEGUIDAOSHANGJIANKANGFAZHAN。

                    3.2 、加大政府扶持

                    GUOJIAJI、SHENGJIPPPYINDAOJIJINRUGUPPPXIANGMU,NENGGOUWEIHOUXUXIANGMURONGZITIGONGRONGZIZENGXIN,TIGAOPPPXIANGMUKERONGZIXING。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIPPPXIANGMURONGZIFANGMIAN,ZHENGFUBUMENYINGTIGONGRONGZIZHICHI,DUOBIANJINRONGJIGOUHESHANGYEYINXINGXIANGHUPEIHE,ZHENGCEXINGZIJINDAIDONGSHANGYEXINGZIJIN,TIGAOXIANGMUDEKERONGZIXING,WEIPPPXIANGMUTIGONGLEJIAOHAODERONGZIZHICHI。JIEJIANGUOWAI,ZAIPPPXIANGMURONGZISHIJIANZHONG,BAOXIANJIGOUHEZHENGCEXINGJINRONGJIGOUKEYIWEIRONGZITIGONGDANBAO,YOUZHUYUJIEKUANRENCONGSHANGYEYINXINGRONGZI;MINGQUEZHENGFUDEDAOXIANG,ZHENGFUDEPPPXIANGGUANJIGOUTONGGUOBUTIE、BANGZHUSHENQINGPPPJIJIN、ZHENGFUYINDAOXINGJIJINYITONGGUTONGQUANDENGFANGSHIQUFUCHIDILIRUNDEPPPXIANGMU,DUIPPPXIANGMURONGZITIGONGZHICHI,YEHUIDAFUTIGAOXIANGMUDESHANGYEKEXINGXINGHEDUIJINRONGJIGOUDEXIYINLI。

                    3.3 、创新产品,完善制度

                  棋牌大全下载安装   YINXINGZUOWEIZHUYAODERONGZIJINRONGJIGOU,BAOKUOXINTUO、ZHENGQUAN、BAOXIAN、ZICHANGUANLIGONGSIDENG,YINGJIANLIYIZHENGTAOXINGZHIYOUXIAODEZHIDU,WANSHANTIXIJIANSHE,YANJIUSHEJIYUPPPXIANGMUXIANGPIPEIDECHANPINYUMOSHI,CHONGFENFAHUIGEJINRONGJIGOUDEYOUSHIYUTEDIAN,ZHENDUIBUTONGZHONGLEIDEPPPXIANGMULINGHUOZHIDINGCELVE、CAOZUOFANGFA、SHENPILIUCHENG、FENGKONGCUOSHI,ZAIFENGXIANKEKONGDEQINGKUANGXIA,TIGAOXIAOLV、XIAOYI;SHELIZHUANYEDEPPPXIANGMURONGZIBUMEN,JIAQIANGPPPXIANGMURONGZIZHONGXINRENYUANDEYEWUPEIXUN,DUIPPPXIANGMUSHOUXIN、SHENPIHEGUANLIGELIUCHENGJINXINGZHUANYEXING、BIAOZHUNXINGYUNZUO,YIFANGZHIYINRENCAI、JISHUDENGFANGMIANDEBUZU,YINGXIANGPPPXIANGMUYEWUDEKAIZHAN。

                    JINRONGJIGOUYINGJIEFANGSIXIANG,JIEJIANGUOWAIPPPXIANGMUDERONGZIFANGSHI,DALIFAZHANLVSEJINRONG,ZHENDUIPPPMOSHIDETEDIANJINXINGCHUANGXIN,GENGHAODIWEIPPPXIANGMUTIGONGRONGZIZHICHI。JINRONGJIGOUYEYINGTUOKUANJINRONGFUWUFANGSHI,CHUANGXINJINRONGCHANPIN,SHEJIFENGFUDERONGZIGONGJU,KEKAOLVZAIZHENGGEPPPXIANGMUZHOUQINEI,TIGONGFALV、CAIWU、RONGZIZIXUN、XIANGMUZAIRONGZIDENGZONGHEXINGDEFUWU。

                    3.4 、风险防范

                    SHOUXIAN,JIANLIZHUANMENDEPPPXIANGMUFENGXIANGUANLIJIGOU,PEIYANGZHUANYEDEPPPXIANGMUFENGXIANGUANLIRENYUAN,SHIQILEJIEPPPXIANGMUDETEXINGHETEYOUFENGXIANYINSU,YITIGAOJINRONGJIGOUDUIPPPXIANGMUDAIKUANGUANLINENGLIHESHUIPING。QICI,JIANLIZHUANMENSHIYINGPPPDAIKUANFENGXIANGUANLILIUCHENG,JIANLIZHUANMENDEFENGXIANSHIBIE、PINGGU、JIANCEHEKONGZHITIXI。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   JIANLIQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIDEDONGTAIHUAGUANLILINIAN,JIANGGEGEFENGXIANDANYUANTONGYIQILAI,JINXINGDUOYUANHUA、DUOCENGCI、DUOJIAODUGUANLI,TONGCHOUQUANJUJINXINGFENGXIANGUANLI。

                    ZHONGSHIDAIKUANQIANGUANLI。PPPXIANGMUZHOUQIZHANG,ZIJINTOURULIANGDA,SHEJIDEFENGXIANYINSUDUO,JINRONGJIGOUJIZAOJIERU,QUANMIANZHANGWOTOUZIGUIMO、GONGCHENGZHAOBIAO、ZIJINYUSUAN、ERPINGYIANDENGQINGKUANG,GENGHAODIFANGFANFENGXIAN。

                    WANSHANDUIPPPDAIKUANXIEYIDEGUANLI。SHEZHILUOJIYANMI、YOUXIAODEDANBAOTIXI,BAOKUOXIANGMUWANGONGDANBAO、CHANPINGOUMAIDANBAOJIBIYAODEWUQUANDANBAO。TEDINGDEJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,YAOQIUZHENGFUYUTIGONGDAIKUANDEJINRONGJIGOUDACHENGYIGEZHIJIEXIEYI,ZHENGFUYINGMINGQUECHENGNUOGENJUXIANGMUHETONGZHIFUXIANGGUANFEIYONG,YICIQUEBAODAIKUANRENDELIYI。BINGQIEXUYAOZAIDAIKUANXIEYIZHONGDUIFENGXIANCHENGDANDEXIANDUJINXINGQUEDING,DUIDAIKUANZHIFUDEXIANJUETIAOJIANZUOCHUXIANGXIGUIDING,MINGQUEGEXIANGFENGXIANDECHENGDANXIANDU。

                    4 、结语

                  棋牌大全下载安装   JIEJUEPPPXIANGMURONGZINANDEWENTI,XUYAOZHENGFUFANG、SHEHUIZIBENFANG、JINRONGJIGOUGONGTONGNULI。ZHENGFUFANGYINGFAHUIHAOYINDAOZUOYONG,KEGOUJIANLVSECHANYEJIJIN,YINDAOSHEHUIZIBENZHONGDIANZHICHIZHONGDILIRUNDEHUANBAOPPPXIANGMU,JIAKUAIGOUJIANSHEHUIZIBENFANGLIANHETIZHIDU,TISHENGCANYUPPPSHEHUIZIBENFANGDESHILI,JINRONGJIGOUZAIYOUXIAOFANGFANDEJICHUSHANG,WANSHANSHIHEPPPXIANGMURONGZIDEZONGHEXINGLVSEJINRONGFUWUTIXIDEJIANSHE,SHEJIFENGFUDELVSEJINRONGCHANPINHEZICHANZHENGQUANHUACHANPIN,WEIPPPXIANGMUSHUNLITUIJINTIGONGZIJINZHICHI。XIWANGPPP CANYUGEFANGZAIHEFAHEGUIDEQIANTIXIA,ZAITUIDONGCHENGSHIHUAFAZHANZHONG,YUSHIJUJIN,WANCHENGLISHISHIMING,GONGTONGNULIWEIXINCHANGTAIXIADEJINGJIFAZHANGONGXIANYIFENLILIANG。

                    参考文献

                    [1] 杨银雪.基于经济新常态下我国PPP模式的发展路径略谈[J].现代经济信息,2018(24).
                    [2] 杨凯,陈世豪.新常态下PPP模式应用存在的问题及对策分析[J].中国商论,2017(36).
                    [3] 周正祥,张秀芳,张平.新常态下PPP模式应用存在的问题及对策[J].中国软科学,2015(09).
                    [4] 刘赛.新常态下PPP模式应用存在的问题及对策[J].招标与投标,2018(08).
                  棋牌大全下载安装   [5] 曹珊.PPP运作重点难点与典型案例解读[J].中国律师,2018(08).

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