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                        1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 施莱格尔的批评原则和自然主义原则

                          施莱格尔的批评原则和自然主义原则

                          时间:2018-11-19 10:26作者:黄毅
                          本文导读:这是一篇关于施莱格尔的批评原则和自然主义原则的文章,长期以来,德国早期浪漫主义被视作反抗18世纪启蒙精神的非理性主义运动。20世纪的柏林是持这种观点在当代最有影响的代表人物。他认为浪漫主义放弃了启蒙运动中最重要的两个原则,即普遍性原则和客观性原则,因而是非

                            摘    要: 18世纪启蒙运动有两大根本原则:理性批评与自然主义。以施莱格尔为代表的德国早期浪漫主义并非启蒙运动的对立面,相反它继承并发展了启蒙运动的根本原则。浪漫主义哲学的目标之一就在于在坚持批评原则的同时避免怀疑论,以及在坚持自然主义原则的同时避免无神论和宿命论。由于在自然主义与代表自由主权的批评原则之间仍然存在着张力,因而浪漫主义哲学的另一大目标在于平衡这种张力,而这在施莱格尔那里是通过把康德的观念论与斯宾诺莎的实在论结合起来完成的。

                            关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 施莱格尔; 启蒙运动; 浪漫主义;

                            Abstract: 棋牌大全下载安装There are two fundamental principles in eighteenth century's Enlightenment:rational criticism and naturalism.Instead of the opposite of the Enlightenment,the early German romanticism under the leadership of F.Schlegel inherited and developed the principles of Enlightenment.One of the aims of the romanticism is to stick to the principle of criticism,while avoiding skepticism,and to insist on the principle of naturalism while averting atheism and fatalism.Since there are tension between naturalism and criticism,the other aim of romanticism is to balance that tension,which is accomplished by uniting Kant's idealism and Spinoza's realism in F.Schlegel's philosophy.

                            Keyword: 棋牌大全下载安装Schlegel; enlightenment; romanticism;

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                            一、施莱格尔的批评原则

                            由于德国早期浪漫主义的批评原则是从启蒙运动那里继承的。因而我们首先分析启蒙运动的批评观,然后考察浪漫主义对它的接受。
                           

                          施莱格尔的批评原则和自然主义原则
                           

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                            二、施莱格尔的自然主义原则

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                            YUQITALANGMANZHUYICHENGYUANYIYANG,SHILAIGEERDUISIBINNUOSHADEXINGQUZHUYAOSHIYU18SHIJI80NIANDAIDEFANSHENLUNZHIZHENG。BAIZEERRENWEIZHEISHIDEGUOQIMENGYUNDONGZHONGZUIZHONGYAODESHIJIAN[3]26。WEILEDUISHILAIGEERDELICHANGYOUGENGHAODELIJIE,WOMENXUYAODUIZHEICHANGZHENGLUNZUOGENGDUODEFENXI。FANSHENLUNZHIZHENGZUICHUYUANYUYAKEBIHEMENDEERSONGJIULAIXINSHIFOUWEISIBINNUOSHAZHUYIZHEZHANKAIBIANLUNDESIRENTONGXIN。RANERSUIZHE1786NIANYAKEBIDANFANGMIANJIANGZHEIXIESIRENTONGXINGONGKAICHUBAN,TAXUNSUCHENGWEIYICHANGJIYOUYINGXIANGLIDEGONGGONGSHIJIAN。DANGSHIJIHUSUOYOUZHONGYAODESIXIANGJIA,RUKANGDE、HEERDE、LAIYINHEDE、HAMANDENGDOUDUITAZUOCHUFANYING,ERCONGGENGNIANQINGYIDAIDESHILAIGEER、NUOWALISIHEHEERDELINDENGZAOQILANGMANZHUYICHENGYUANDESIRENBIJIZHONGKEYIKANCHU,TAMENDEZHEXUESHENSHOUZHEICHANGZHENGLUNDEYINGXIANG。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   CONGBIAOMIANKAN,FANSHENLUNZHIZHENGGUANZHUDEZHIBUGUOSHILAIXINDEGERENXINYANG。YAKEBIXUANCHENGLAIXINZAILINSIZHIQIANCENGXIANGTATOULUZIJISHISIBINNUOSHAZHUYIZHE,ZHEIGEXIAOXILINGDANGSHIBAOKUOMENDEERSONGZAINEIDEDADUOSHUQIMENGYUNDONGZHEMENFEICHANGZHENJING,YINWEIZAIDANGSHIDEWENHUAYUJINGZHONG,SIBINNUOSHAZHUYISHIJISHANGJIUDENGTONGYUWUSHENLUNHESUMINGLUN。YINERYAKEBIDEXIAOXIWUYIJIANGHUIYANZHONGDIDIANWULINGRENZUNJINGDEQIMENGSIXIANGJIALAIXINDEMINGSHENG。DANSHISHISHANG,ZHEIZHIBUGUOSHICIYAODEWENTI。DUIYUYAKEBIERYAN,LAIXINZHIBUGUOSHITAPIPANQIMENGYUNDONGDESHOUDUAN。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   ZHANGQIYILAI,YAKEBIYIZHIDUIDANGSHIBOLINQIMENGYUNDONGZHENYING(ZHUYAOCHENGYUANYOUMENDEERSONG、NIKELAI,AIBOHADEDENG)XINHUAIBUMAN,YINWEIYAKEBIRENWEITAMENBUXIANGLAIXINNEIYANGTANCHENG,HUOZHESHUOBUYUANYICHENGRENYIQIELIXINGTANJIUDEZUIZHONGJIEGUO:WUSHENLUNHESUMINGLUN。ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,YAKEBIBINGBUSHICONGSIBINNUOSHAZHEXUEZHONGSHIYONGDEJIHEXUEFANGFADEYIYIERSHICONGXINKEXUESUOSHIYONGDEZIRANZHUYIFANSHILAILIJIELIXINGZHUYI。XINKEXUEBAZHEIZHONGFANSHIKUOZHANDAOXINLINGYUBINGQUDELEJUDADECHENGGONG,RUSHENGLIXUEHEYUZHOUXUE。RANER,XINKEXUEYUECHENGGONG,TAMENJIUYUESHAODIWEICHAOZIRANYINSU(SHANGDI、ZIYOUHELINGHUNDENG)LIUXIAYUDI。YINERDUIYUYAKEBIERYAN,SIBINNUOSHAZHUYIDAIBIAOZHEJIDUANDEZIRANZHUYI。TARENWEISIBINNUOSHAZHUYIDEJINGSHENSHIZHIJIUTIXIANZAI“WUWUCONGWUZHONGLAI”(ex nihilo nihil fit)ZHEIGEMINGTIZHONG。SIBINNUOSHABAZIRANYINGUOXULIETUIZHIWUQIONG,TABUCHENGRENCHONGZULIYOULVYOURENHELIWAI,YINERYAKEBIYUKANGDEYIYANGDECHUJIELUNSHUO,ZAIZHEIYANGDEYUANZEQIANTIXIA,JIUBUKENENGCUNZAISHANGDIHUOZIYOU,YINWEIERZHEDOUYUSHELEYIZHONGZIFAXING,YIZHONGBUYOUXIANQIANYUANYINJUEDINGDEDIYIYIN。YAKEBIZHENGLUNDEMUDEZAIYURANGRENMENYISHIDAOJIDUANDEZIRANZHUYIZHONGYUNHANDEWEIXIAN。YAKEBIZHIZAOLEYIZHONGLIANGNANKUNJING:YAOMEJIANSHOUQIMENGYUNDONGDELIXINGHEZIRANZHUYI,DANZHEIBIRANHUIDAOZHIDUISHANGDI、ZIYOU、XINLINGDEFOUDING;YAOMEZOUYITIAOFEILIXINGDEXINYANGZHUYIDAOLU。YUQILAOSHIHAMANYIYANG,YAKEBIBENRENXUANZELEHOUZHE,TAYAOQIURENMENXIANGTAYIYANGCHANGSHI“ZHISIYIYUE”(salto mortale)。

                            SHILAIGEERDUIYAKEBIDEJIEJUEFANGANBINGBUMANYI:“ZHEXUEJIAMENZHEMINGDE‘ZHISIYIYUE’TONGCHANGZHISHIYIGECUOWUDEJINGBAO。TAMENZUOLEYIGEKEPADESIXIANGSHIYAN,RANHOUQINGZHUZIJIBUWEIWEIXIAN。DANRUGUORENMENZIXIGUANCHA,TAMENSHIJISHANGRENGRANZUOZAIYUANDI。ZHEIJIUHAOXIANGTANGJIHEDEQIMUMAYIYANG。”[6]216YAKEBIYUHAMANDOUBEISHILAIGEERHUAGUIWEIDUDUANDEXINYANGZHUYIZHE,ZHEIYUSHILAIGEERDEPIPINGYUANZESHIXIANGMAODUNDE。WOMENKANDAO,SHILAIGEERZAIFANSHENLUNZHIZHENGZHONGZUIZHONGZHANZAILESIBINNUOSHADEZIRANZHUYIYIBIAN。ZHENGRULINGYIWEILANGMANZHUYICHENGYUANNUOWALISISUOSHUO:“JIUWOMENDEZHENSHICUNZAIERYAN,WOMENSHIZIRAN。ZAIWOMENZHIZHONGYIQIEZHENSHIDESHIWUDOUSHUYUZIRAN。”[11]49SHILAIGEERZAIQISIRENBIJIZHONGXIEDAO:“YIMENKEXUEBIXUYOUQIDUIXIANG。ZHIYOUYIGEDUIXIANG,NEIJIUSHIZIRAN。SUOYOUKEXUEDOUSHIZIRANKEXUE。”[12]400SHILAIGEERXUANCHENGYIQIEZHISHIZAIGENBENSHANGDOUJIYUZIRANKEXUE。RANER,YAKEBIYILIUDEWENTIRENGRANCUNZAI:RUGUOWOMENBUZOUXINYANGZHISHANGDEDAOLU,HUOZHESHUO,RUGUOWOMENJIANCHIZIRANZHUYI,NEIMESHIFOUBIRANDAOXIANGSUMINGLUNNI?ZHENGGEQIMENGYUNDONGDOUSHOUDAOZHEIGEWENTIDEKUNRAO:YIFANGMIAN,RENYOUZIFAXING,RENDECHUANGZAOXINGYISHUHUODONGYIJIZIYOUXINGDONGDENENGLIBUNENGHAIYUANWEIJIXIEDEYINGUOXULIE;LINGYIFANGMIAN,RENZUOWEIZIRANDEYIBUFEN,TADEYIQIEXINGWEIDOUBIRANSHOUDAOWAIBUSHIJIEDEYINGXIANGHEZHIYUE。YINCIRUHENENGGOUJIHANWEIZIRANZHUYI,TONGSHIYOUHANWEIRENDEZIFAXINGHUODONG(DAODEHUODONG、YISHUCHUANGZAOHUODONGDENG)DENENGLIJIUCHENGWEILANGMANZHUYIZHEXUEBIXUYAOMIANDUIDENANTI。WOMENZAIXIAYIJIEZHONGTAOLUNSHILAIERGEDEJIEJUEFANGAN。

                            三、观念论与实在论的结合

                            QIMENGYUNDONGDELIANGDAYUANZE———PIPINGYUANZEYUZIRANZHUYIERZHEZHIJIANJUYOUYIZHONGZHANGLI,PIPINGYUANZEYUSHELERENDEZIZHUXING、ZIFAXING,ERZIRANZHUYIYUANZEZEQIANGDIAORENDEJIESHOUXING、BEIDONGXING。SHILAIGEERDEZHEXUEYINGGAICONGZHEIZHONGZHANGLIDAOZHIDEWEIJIZHONGLAILIJIE,HUANJUHUASHUO,TASHITUZAIPIPANDELIXINGYUZIRANZHUYIZHIJIANXUNQIUPINGHENG,HUOZHESHUOTAYAOJIESHIZAIRENSHIZIRANDEYIBUFENZHEIGEQIANTIXIA,RENDEZIYOUDE、CHUANGZAOXINGDEXINGDONGRUHEKENENG。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   SHILAIGEERJIEJUEZHEIGEWENTIDEDUTEFANGSHIZAIYUTARONGHELEKANGDEHUOFEIXITEDEGUANNIANLUNYUSIBINNUOSHADESHIZAILUN。TAXUANCHENG:“WOMENDEZHEXUETIXIYINGGAISHISIBINNUOSHAZHUYIYUFEIXITETIXIDELIANHE。YINER,WOMENZHIYINGGAIZAIERZHEDEZHONGJIAN。”[10]32FEIXITE(HUOKANGDE)YUSIBINNUOSHADELIANHESHIJISHANGJIUSHIGUANNIANLUNYUSHIZAILUNDELIANHE。

                            QIANMIANWOMENYIJINGKANDAOSHILAIGEERBINGBURENTONGKANGDEDEGUANNIANLUN,TARENWEIZHEIZHONGGUANNIANLUNZUIZHONGHUIDAOZHICHAOZIRANZHUYI。ERFEIXITEZAISHILAIGEERKANLAISUIRANZAIZHUGUANXINGFAZHANJIEDUANSHANGCHAOGUOLEKANGDE,DANZHENGSHIQIPIANMIANDEZHUGUANGUANNIANLUNYINFALESHILAIGEERDEBUMAN。SHILAIGEERRENWEI,KANGDEHEFEIXITESHIYILEIREN,TAMENDEZHEXUEDOUZHITINGLIUZAI“BANDAOSHANG”。TAXIEDAO:“WODUILIANGWEIZHUOYUEDEZHEXUEJIA(ZHIKANGDEHEFEIXITE———BIZHEZHU)SUOCHIDEKANFA,YUBOLATUDUISIBADARENSUOCHIDEKANFARUCHUYIZHE。BOLATUWUXIANREAIHEJINGYANGTAMEN,DANYOUSHICHANGBAOYUANTAMENCHUCHUBANTUERFEI。”[10]33

                            SHILAIGEERZHISUOYISHIZHONGYUKANGDEHEFEIXITEBAOCHIJULI,SHIYINWEITARENWEIERZHEDEGUANNIANLUNZHISHIZHUGUANDE,BINGYINERSHIPIANMIANDE,TAXUYAOYIZHONGSIBINNUOSHAZHUYIDESHIZAILUNLAIJIUZHENG。GUANNIANLUNQIANGDIAOLEDAODEZHUTIDEMUDEHEZIYOU,SHIZAILUNZEJIANCHIDAODEZHUTIYEBIXUXIANGQITACUNZAIZHEYIYANGZUNSHOUBIRANDEZIRANLVFAZE。ERZHEZHIJIANSIHUCUNZAIMAODUN。SHILAIGEERTONGGUOSUZHUYIZHONGXINDEZIRANGUANLAIJIEJUEZHEIGEMAODUN:

                          棋牌大全下载安装   RUGUORENMENBAZIRANKANZUOYIGEJIXIEXITONG,NEIMEJIUZHINENGJIASHELINGYIZHONGBINGFEIYUANYUZHEIGEJIXIEXITONGDEJUEDUINENGLI。DANSHI,WOMENDEZHEXUEDEWEIYINEIRONGZAIYUZHIYOUYIGESHIJIE,ZAIYUSUOYOUCUNZAIDOUSHIYOUJIDE。YINER,BEISHIWEIZIYOUYIZHIDEJUEDUINENGLIJIUBEIFOUDINGLE。YIBANERYAN,ZIYOUYIZHIYUZIRANLVSHILEISIBINGHUSHUDE。[10]50

                            CONGZHEIDUANHUAKEYIKANCHU,SHILAIGEERSUIRANJIESHOULEQIMENGYUNDONGDEZIRANZHUYIYUANZE,DANSHITADUIZHEIGEYUANZEZUOLEDADANDEGAIZAO,TABUSHIYIJIXIELUNDEFANGSHIERSHIYIYOUJILUNDEFANGSHILAILIJIEZIRAN。ZAISHILAIGEERKANLAI,SIBINNUOSHADEZIRANGAINIANBUSHISHOUJIXIELVZHIPEIDEJIANGSIWUZHI,ERSHIYOUHUOLIDE,TAMIAOSHULEYIZHONGDONGTAIDEZIRANGUAN:

                            WOMENDESHIJIELILUNZHENGMINGLEDUDUANLUNDEHEXIN,JIYINGUOYUANZE。SUOYOUYUNDONGDOUSHIGEBIEDE,DONGTAIDE。WOMENYONGYOUYIZHONGYUDUDUANLUNYOUBIEDEDUIXIANGGAINIAN……1.ZHIYOUYIGESHIJIE,YINERJINGSHENYUSHENTIDEYIBANGUANNIANWANQUANSHIXIANGDUIDE。2.SHENGZHANGDESHUIPINGZAIYUHUOLI。SUOYOUDESHENGZHANGDOUSHINENGLIANG。3.YIQIENENGLIANGDOUSHILIXING。[10]42-43

                            SHILAIGEERXUANCHENGZHIYOUYIGESHITI,NEIJIUSHIHUOLIHUONENGLIANG。ANTABENRENDECIYUANXUEKAOCHA,XILACIευεργεια(energeia)YIZHIHUODONG[10]39。YEJIUSHISHUO,WUZHIDEBENZHIBUSHIGUANGYAN,ERSHIYUNDONG。YUQIMENGYUNDONGDEJIXIELUNLIJIEXIANGDUI,SHILAIGEERRENWEITUIDONGZIRANXIANXIANGDELIJIUSHILIZHI。YINER,SHILAIGEERDESHIZAILUNZAICIZHANXIANCHUGUANNIANLUNDETEXING,HUOZHESHUOSHILAIGEERZAICISHITUZONGHEGUANNIANLUNYUSHIZAILUN。ZAITAKANLAI,ZHUGUANYUKEGUAN,HUOZHESHUOXINLINGYUWUZHIBINGFEIWANQUANDUILIDESHITI,ERSHITONGYIGEJIBENHUOLICHUYUBUTONGCHENGDUDEZUZHIXINGSHIYUFAZHANJIEDUAN。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   ZHEIZHONGDUIZIRANDEYOUJILUNLIJIESHIYISHILAIGEERWEIDAIBIAODELANGMANZHUYIZHEXUEDEJICHU。ANZHAOBAIZEERDEFENXI,ZHEIZHONGZHEXUEKEYIGUIJIEWEISANGEMINGTI:SHOUXIAN,ZAIZIRANZHONGZHIYOUYIGEPUBIANDESHITI,JIJUEDUI。QICI,ZHEIGEJUEDUISHIHUOLI,TAJIFEIZHUTIYEFEIKETI,ERSHIERZHEDETONGYI。ZUIHOU,TONGGUOJUEDUIDEYOUJIJIEGOU,ZIRANZHONGDEYIQIESHIWUDOUYUMOUGEMUDEHUOJIHUAXIANGFUHE,DANZHEILIDEMUDEBINGFEIYOUCHAOZIRANDESHANGDISUOCHUANGZAO,ERSHINEIZAIYUZIRANZISHENZHIZHONG[3]33。WOMENKEYISHUO,DIYIGEMINGTIBIAOMINGLANGMANZHUYIZHEXUESHIYIZHONGYIYUANLUN,DIERGEMINGTIZESHUOMINGTASHIHUOLILUN,ERDISANGEMINGTIZESHUOMINGTASHIYIZHONGTESHUDEGUANNIANLUN。YINER,WOMENKEYICHENGLANGMANZHUYIZHEXUEWEIJUEDUIGUANNIANLUN,HUOYIYUANDEHUOLILUN。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   JUEDUIGUANNIANLUNYUKANGDEHEFEIXITEDEZHUGUANGUANNIANLUNZUIDADEQUBIEZAIYUQIANZHEBINGBUBAFANCHOU、LINIANLIJIECHENGJINJINCUNZAIYUZHUTIHUOYISHILINGYUZHONG。XIANGFAN,LINIANBEISHEXIANGWEIZIRANBENSHENYUNHANDEMUDEHUOLIXING,TASHIZIRANDEXINGSHIHUOJIEGOU,JINGSHENYUSHENTIYIJIZHUTIYUKETIYIBUTONGDEFANGSHIHEXINGSHIDOUNENGTIXIANTA。WOMENBUNENGBALANGMANZHUYIDE“JUEDUI”LIJIECHENGMOUZHONGPUBIANDE、FEIRENGEDEZIWO。LANGMANZHUYIZHERENWEI“JUEDUI”CHAOYUEBAOKUOZHUGUANHUOKEGUANZAINEIDEYIQIEYOUXIANDEGUIDING,TAMENJIANCHIBA“JUEDUI”MIAOSHUCHENGZHUGUANYUKEGUANDETONGYIHUOWUCHABIE。YISHIYUZIRANZHIJIANDEGUANXIZAISHILAIGEERNEILIBIAOXIANWEIZHEIYANGYIGEGONGSHI:“XIAOWOTONGSHIYESHIDAWO。ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,YISHIDEXIAOFANWEIDENGYUZIRANDEDAFANWEI,FANZHIYIRAN。”[10]36

                          棋牌大全下载安装   KANGDEHUOFEIXITEDEZHUGUANGUANNIANLUNBASHIZAILUNKANZUODUDUANLUNYUYIJUJUE,ERZAIJUEDUIGUANNIANLUNZHONGZEYUNXUBINGRONGRULEGENGDACHENGDUDESHIZAILUNHEZIRANZHUYI。JUEDUIGUANNIANLUNZHISUOYIYUNXUSHIZAILUN,SHIYINWEITARENWEIZIRANDECUNZAIDULIYUYISHIDEHUODONG,ERTAZHISUOYIYUNXUZIRANZHUYI,SHIYINWEITAXUANCHENGYIQIEZIWOYISHI,SHENZHIXIANYANZHUTIDEYISHIDOUYUANYUZIRANLV。YINER,SHILAIGEERTANDAOFEIXITEZHEXUEDEGENBENWENTISHIZHICHU:“TA(ZHIFEIXITE———BIZHEZHU)WEINENGKANDAOZIWOYISHIZHISHIZIRANDEMUDEERFEIQIYUANYIN,HUOZHEYEKEYISHUOZIWOYISHIZHISHIZAIJIESHIDEZHIXUZHONGSHIDIYIWEIDE,DANZAICUNZAIDEZHIXUZHONGZEBUSHI。”[10]57

                          棋牌大全下载安装   ZHIYANZHI,TONGGUODUIGUANNIANLUNYUSHIZAILUNDEZONGHE,SHILAIGEERNENGGOUJIJIANCHIZIRANZHUYI,TONGSHIYOUKENDINGRENDEXINGWEIDEMUDE、ZIYOU。ERQIEZHEIZHONGXINDEZIRANZHUYIYEKEYIJIESHIJIXIELUNSHIJIEGUANNANYIJIESHIDEYISHUTIANCAIDEYISHUCHUANGZAOHUODONG。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   YUBOLINDEYOUWENTIDEJIEDUBUTONG,BIZHERENWEISHILAIGEERDEYISHUGUANSHIFANSHENMIZHUYIHECHAOZIRANZHUYIDE。BAIZEERYIJINGDUIBOLINTICHUZHIYI,TASHUO:“RUGUOWOMENGENJUBOLATUZHUYICHUANTONGLAIJIESHILANGMANZHUYIDESHENMIZHUYI,NEIMEWOMENJIANGHUIDECHUYUBOLINHENBUXIANGTONGDEJIELUN。”[13]64YEJIUSHISHUO,BAIZEERRENWEIRUGUOWOMENKAOLVBOLATUDUILANGMANZHUYIDEYINGXIANG,NEIMEJIUYOUKENENGFANDUIBOLINDUILANGMANZHUYIDEFEILIXINGZHUYIQUANSHI。RANER,YINWEISHISHISHANGBOLINYIJINGBA“BENZHISHANGSHILANGMANZHUYIDE、FANQIMENGDEYISHULILUN”ZHUISUDAOBOLATUXUESHUO[1]90,YINERBAIZEERDEFANBOSHIYOUQUEXIANDE。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   YUBOLINHEBAIZEERDOUBUTONG,BIZHERENWEIBOLATUDUILANGMANZHUYIDEYINGXIANGBINGBUZAIYUSHENMIZHUYI,YINWEISHILAIGEERMINGQUEDIBASHENMIZHUYIDENGTONGYUTASUOFANDUIDECHAOZIRANZHUYI[9]51。ZAIQI《GUANYUSHIDEDUIHUA》ZHESHU(Geprchüber die Poesie,1800)ZHONG,SHILAIGEERXUANCHENGLANGMANZHUYIYISHUJIADECHUANGZAOXINGDELILIANGBINGFEIJIYURENHECHAOZIRANYUANZE:

                          棋牌大全下载安装   ZIRANZHISHISHIYUANSHIDESHI,RUGUOMEIYOUTA,JIUBUKENENGYOUYUYANZHISHI。QUESHIDUIYUWOMENRENLEIERYAN,CHULEGUANYUWOMENYESHIQIYIBUFENDEZIRANZHISHIWAI,MEIYOUERQIECONGLAIBUCENGYOUGUOQITADEHUODONGHEXIYUEZHIDUIXIANGHUOLAIYUAN。[14]53

                          棋牌大全下载安装   SHILAIGEERZHEILIDEGUANDIANSIHUSHILINGRENKUNHUODE。DAODIHEWEI“ZIRANZHISHI”?WEILEJIESHIZHEIYIDIAN,WOMENYOUBIYAOCHENGQINGSHILAIGEERDEJINGDIANJIESHI。SHILAIGEERZHUISULEποíησι(poiêsis)DECIYUANXUEYIYI,JI“QUZUO、QUSHENGCHAN”,BINGZAIZHEIGEYIYISHANGRENWEIZIRANJIUSHISHI。BAIZEERYEQIANGDIAOLE“SHILAIGEERTONGGUOMINGQUESHIYUYUNHANZAIZIRANBENSHENZHONGDESHENGCHANXINGYUANZE,CONGERYOUYIDIKUOZHANLESHIDEXIAAIDEWENXUEHANYI”[13]15。BIZHERENWEISHILAIGEERBASHIKANZUOPUBIANDECHUANGZAOHUODONGDEGUANNIANHENKENENGSHOUDAOBOLATU《HUIYINPIAN》DEYINGXIANG。ZAIZHEIPIANDUIHUAZHONG,DIOUDIMASHUO:“FANSHISHIMOUMOUDONGXICONGWUDAOYOUDEHUODONGDOUSHICHUANGZUOHUOSHI(poiêsis)。”[15]300GENJUSHILAIGEERDUIBOLATUDEJIEDU,ZHEIZHONGCHUANGZAOXINGDELILIANGJIUSHIQIANZANGZAIGANGUANXIANXIANGDELIUBIANSHIJIEBEIHOUDEHENGCHANGZHENLI[10]208。ZHEITONGYIGECHUANGZAOLILIANGJIBIAOXIANZAIRENLEISIXIANGDENEIZAISHUXINGZHONG,YOUTIXIANZAIWULIZIRANDEWAIZAISHUXINGZHONG。SHILAIGEERRENWEIWULUNSHIWAIBUHAISHINEIBUSHIZAIDOUSHITONGYIGEFEIWEIGESHENXINGDECHUANGZAOXINGHUODONGDEZHANXIAN。ZIRANYURENDEWENHUAZHIJIANBUSHIJIERANERFENDE,YINWEITAMENCONGGENBENSHANGDOUZHISHITONGYIGESHENSHENGZIRANDEBIAOXIAN。YINER,LANGMANZHUYIDUIBOLATUDEJIEDUBUSHICONGSHENMIZHUYISHIJIAOCHUFADE,ERSHIYUZIRANZHUYIXIANGYIZHIDE。LANGMANZHUYIGUANYUYISHUJIAYILAIQIWUYISHIDECHUANGZAOLILIANGDEGUANDIANBINGBUYUSHERENHECHAOZIRANZHUYI。

                            YINER,QIMENGYUNDONGDELIANGDAGENBENYUANZE———PIPINGYUZIRANZHUYI,ZAILANGMANZHUYIZHONGDOUDEDAOLEJICHENG,SHENZHIZAISHILAIGEERGUANYULANGMANZHUYISHIGEDEZHEMINGDINGYIZHONG,JIUYIJINGBAPIPINGHECHUANGZAOXINGDETIANCAIYIDAOKANZUOQIBIYAODEGOUCHENGBUFEN:“LANGMANZHUYIDESHIGESHIYIZHONGBUDUANQIANJINDE、PUBIANDESHI。……TASHITUBINGQIEYINGGAIRONGHETIANCAIYUPIPING。”[6]175LANGMANZHUYIDEYISHULILUNJIYUTIANCAIDECHUANGZAOXINGLILIANGYULIXINGDEZIWOFANSIZHIJIANDEBIANZHENGFA。YISHUJIADEZIWOFANSIDEYIGEZUIMINGXIANDELIZIJIUSHISHILAIGEERDEZHEMINGDELANGMANZHUYIDEFANFENGLILUN。ERQIELANGMANZHUYIYEDUIYOUYI、AIYIJIQITADESHEHUIXINGSHIJIYUGAODUZHONGSHI,YINWEITAMENDEGONGNENGZAIYUTONGGUOGONGGONGPIPINGLAIXIANZHI、PINGHENGGERENTIANCAIDEHAOWUYUESHUDECHUANGZAOXING,FOUZEGERENTIANCAIDEZUOPINJIANGBIANDEGUOYUXUANYAO,SHENZHIWANQUANWUFALIJIE。

                            参考文献

                            [1] BERLIN I.The Roots of Romanticism[M].Princeton:Princeton University Press,2001.
                            [2] THEODORE Z.German Romanticism and Its Institutions[M].Princeton:Princeton University Press,1992.
                            [3] BEISER F C.The Enlightenment and idealism[C].Karl Ameriks.The Cambridge Companion to German Idealism.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,2000.
                            [4]康德.纯粹理性批判[M].邓晓芒,译.北京:人民出版社,2004.
                            [5] SCHLEGEL F.Kritische Friedrich Schlegel Ausgabe III[M].Paderborn:F.Sch9ningh,1958.
                            [6] SCHLEGEL F.Friedrich Schlegel’s Lucinde and the Fragments,trans.Peter Firchow[M].Minneapolis:U-niversity of Minnesota Press,1971.
                            [7] SCHLEGEL F.Theory as Practice:A Critical Anthology of Early German Romantic Writings,trans.Jochen Schulte-Sasse[M].Minneapolis:University of Minnesota Press,1997.
                            [8] FRANK M.“Unendliche Annherung”:Die Anfnge der philosophischen Frühromantik[M].Frankfurt:Frankfurt am Main,1998.
                            [9] SCHLEGEL F.Kritische Friedrich Schlegel Ausgabe XIX[M].Paderborn:F.Sch9ningh,1964.
                            [10] SCHLEGEL F.Kritische Friedrich Schlegel Ausgabe XII[M].Paderborn:F.Sch9ningh,1962.
                            [11] NOVALIS G.Werke,Tagebücher und Briefe Friedrich von Hardenbergs,Bd II[M].Müchen&Wien:Carl Hanser Verlag,2005.
                            [12] SCHLEGEL F.Kritische Friedrich Schlegel Ausgabe XVIII[M].Paderborn:F.Sch9ningh,1969.
                            [13] BEISER F C.The Romantic Imperative:the concept of early German romanticism[M].Cambridge:Harvard University press,2003.
                            [14] SCHLEGEL F.Dialogue on Poetry[M].University Park:Pennsylvania State University Press,1968.
                            [15] 柏拉图.柏拉图对话集[M].王太庆,译.北京:商务印书馆,2008.

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