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                              1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 马融易注对费氏易的发展

                                马融易注对费氏易的发展

                                时间:2018-11-29 10:21作者:李小成
                                本文导读:这是一篇关于马融易注对费氏易的发展的文章,汉《易》立博士四家,施雠、孟喜、梁丘贺、京房,此皆今文学家。今文经学虽盛于西汉,后则逐渐消亡,以至佚失。而古文经学从西汉末年逐渐抬头,至东汉而盛于时。费氏易学派是西汉费直所创立的古文学派。

                                  摘    要: 两汉经学的传授主要依靠博士官,经学又有今古文两派,今文派依赖朝廷,古文派不受时重,势力小且流传于民间。《易》学亦分两流,费直所传之《易》乃为古文,西汉末刘向重之,时至东汉,马融承之,为其四卷本,又作了十卷本的章句,郑玄所为《易》注,来自其师马融。后世《易》学所传郑、王(弼)两注,郑学一流,马融之功,不可磨灭。

                                  关键词: 马融; 费氏易; 古文易;

                                  HAN《YI》LIBOSHISIJIA,SHICHOU、MENGXI、LIANGQIUHE、JINGFANG,CIJIEJINWENXUEJIA。JINWENJINGXUESUISHENGYUXIHAN,HOUZEZHUJIANXIAOWANG,YIZHIYISHI。ERGUWENJINGXUECONGXIHANMONIANZHUJIANTAITOU,ZHIDONGHANERSHENGYUSHI。FEISHIYIXUEPAISHIXIHANFEIZHISUOCHUANGLIDEGUWENXUEPAI。FEIZHI,ZIZHANGWENG,XIHANDONGLAI(JINSHANDONGYEXIAN)REN,ZHANGYUBUSHI,TABUYIZHANGJUXINGSHICHUANZHU《YIJING》,ZHIYITUAN、XIANG、XICISHIPIANWENYANJIESHUOSHANGXIAJING。FEISHICHUANSHOUDE《YIJING》,SHIYONGGUWENZISUOZHUANDING,GUCHENG《GUWENYI》。FEISHI《GUWENYI》WEIBEILIEWEIGUANXUE,ZHIZAIMINJIANLIUCHUAN,XIHANMO,LIUXIANGYONGGUWENXIAOKANJINWENJINGXUESHI、MENG、LIANGQIUGESHI《YI》SHU,FAXIANCISIJIAJIE《YI》ZHISHU,YOUJINGWENTUOLOUXIANXIANG,RUTUO“WUJIU”、“HUIWANG”ZHIZI,ERFEISHI《YI》ZEYUGUWENXIANGTONG。

                                  一、费氏《易》的传承

                                棋牌大全下载安装   GUANYU《YI》ZHICHUANSHOU,《SHIJI·ZHONGNIDIZILIECHUAN》YUE:“KONGZICHUAN《YI》YUJU,JUCHUANCHURENHANBEIZIHONG,HONGCHUANJIANGDONGRENJIAOZIYONGCI。CICHUANYANRENZHOUZIJIASHU。SHUCHUANCHUNYURENGUANGZICHENGYU。YUCHUANQIRENTIANZIZHUANGHE。”1ZIKONGZICHUAN《YI》YUJUZHIHOU,LIUCHUANERZHITIANHE,TIANHENAIQIWANGSHIZHIHOU,GUXIHANCHUERQIANZHIDULING,SUIHAO“DUTIANSHENG”。TIANHECHUANDIZIDINGKUAN、WANGTONG。DINGKUANXUECHENGHOUDONGGUI,ZHILUOYANGYOUSUITIANHEDEDIZIZHOUWANGSUNXUEXIGUWEN《YI》,ZHEYOU《YICHUAN》,YOUZHE《YISHUO》SANWANYUYAN。DINGKUANSHOUTIANWANGSUN,TIANWANGSUNSHOUSHICHOU、MENGXI、LIANGQIUHE。WANGTONG,ZHEYOU《YICHUAN》,WANGTONGSHOUYANGHE,HANWUDISHI,YANGHESUOCHUANZHI《YI》LIWEIGUANXUE。YISHANGWEIJINWEN《YI》XUEZHICHUANCHENGMAILVE,ZHIYUFEISHIZHIGUWEN《YI》XUE,PIXIRUIZAI《JINGXUETONGLUN》ZHONGSHUO“BUZHIQISUOZILAI,KAOQINIANDANGZAICHENG、AIZHIJIAN,CHUMENG、JINGZHIHOU”。2

                                  费直之古文《易》,起于西汉末年,关于传授情况,史有所载。《汉书·艺文志》卷三十《艺文志》第十:“汉兴,田何传之。讫于宣、元,有施、孟、梁丘、京氏列于学官,而民间有费、高二家之说,刘向以中《古文易经》校施、孟、梁丘经,或脱去‘无咎’‘悔亡’,唯费氏经与古文同。”《汉书》卷八十八《儒林传》第五十八:“费直字长翁,东莱人也。治《易》为郎,至单父令。长于卦筮,亡章句,徒以彖、象、系辞十篇文言解说上下经。琅邪王璜平中能传之。璜又传古文《尚书》。高相,沛人也。治《易》与费公同时,其学亦亡章句,专说阴阳灾异,自言出于丁将军。传至相,相授子康及兰陵毋将永。康以明《易》为郎,永至豫章都尉。及王莽居摄,东郡太守翟谊谋举兵诛莽,事未发,康候知东郡有兵,私语门人,门人上书言之。后数月,翟谊兵起,莽召问,对受师高康。莽恶之,以为惑众,斩康。繇是《易》有高氏学。高、费皆未尝立于学官。”《后汉书》卷七十九上《儒林传第六十九上》:“《前书》云:田何传《易》授丁宽,丁宽授田王孙,王孙授沛人施雠、东海孟喜、琅邪梁丘贺,由是《易》有施、孟、梁丘之学。又东郡京房受《易》于梁国焦延寿,别为京氏学。又有东莱费直,传《易》,授琅邪王横,为费氏学。本以古字,号《古文易》。又沛人高相传《易》,授子康及兰陵毋将永,为高氏学。施、孟、梁丘、京氏四家皆立博士,费、高二家未得立。……建武中,范升传《孟氏易》,以授杨政,而陈元、郑众皆传《费氏易》,其后马融亦为其传。融授郑玄,玄作《易注》,荀爽又作《易传》,自是《费氏》兴,而《京氏》遂衰。”可以看出,《费氏易》传承的大致情况,基本线索是明晰的。
                                 

                                马融易注对费氏易的发展
                                 

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                                  二、古文费氏易辨证

                                  FEISHIYIBUCHUAN,DANHOURENYOUSUOJIYI。QINGRENMAGUOHAN《YUHANSHANFANGJIYISHU》JIYISHAOXUNEIRONG,DONGZHIANZHUBIANDE《LIANGHANQUANSHU》YUYISHOULU,4FEN《FEISHIYI》《FEISHIYILIN》《FEISHIFENYE》SANSHU。《FEISHIYI》,AN《SUISHU·JINGJIZHI》YOUSIJUAN,XINJIU《TANGZHI》YIZHELUQIZHANGJUSIJUAN,ER《HANSHU·RULINCHUAN》ZESHUO“WANGZHANGJU,TUYITUAN、XIANG、XICISHIPIANWENYANJIESHUOSHANGXIAJING”,QIANHOUBUFU。MAGUOHAN《YUHANSHANFANGJIYISHU》SUOJIYIJIBENSHANGLAIYUANYULUDEMING《JINGDIANSHIWEN》。

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                                棋牌大全下载安装   《FEISHIYILIN》,《SUISHU·JINGJIZHI》ZHELUWEIERJUAN,JIU《TANGZHI》YIZHELUERJUAN,ERXIN《TANGZHI》ZEWEI“《FEISHIZHOUYINICIZHANZAIYI》SHIERJUAN,YOU《ZHOUYILIN》ERJUAN”,MAGUOHANYIWEI《FEISHIYILIN》ZAOYU《JIAOSHIYILIN》,BINGLVEYOUBIANXILUYUSUOJIYIDE《FEISHIYILIN》QIAN。《FEISHIYILIN》JIYIYU《LIJI·YUELING》ZHENGYIBEN,QIWENWEI:

                                棋牌大全下载安装   LIUSHISIGUABIANZHANZHE,WANGMANGSHIJIANXINTIANSHUIJIAOYANSHOUZHISUOZHUANYE。FU《YI》,GUANGYI。YIYANHUYUANZEBUYU,YIYANHUERZEJINGERZHENG,YIYANHUTIANDIZHIJIANZEBEIYI。RAN《YI》WEILIUSHISIGUAYE,TUIERYANZHI,ZEYAOSHUOGUAZHISUOWEIJIN,GU《LIANSHAN》《GUIZANG》《ZHOUYI》JIEYICIERGONGGUA,SUISANJIABINGXING,YOUJUYIYUER。GANSHANSHUOYUYINYANG,FUZAOCIYIZHI《YI》WEIJIANZHE。QISHECUNWANGJIXIONG,YUQISHILEIZEDUOZHONG。ZHIYUMISUIXIAOSHI,FEIQILEI,ZEYIFOUYI。GANZHITONGDA,YINJISHENGRENZHIYIYUYE。ZHENZHUGENGZIWU,XUNZHUXINCHOUWEI,KANZHUWUYINSHEN,LIZHUJIMAOYOU,GENZHUBINGCHENXU,DUIZHUDINGSIHAI。

                                  《ZHOUYIFENYE》,SHIZHIBUZAI,《JINSHU·TIANWENZHI》YINSHIERCISUOQIDUSHU,TANG《KAIYUANZHANJING》YIYOUYINSHU,JUNCHENGFEIZHI《ZHOUYIFENYE》,RU;“SHOUXINGQIZHENQIDU(《JINSHU·TIANWENZHISHANG》),ZIZHENQIDUZHIDISHIDUWEISHOUXINGZHICI(ZHAITANXIDATANG《KAIYUANZHANJING》JUANLIUSHISI)”,MAGUOHANJUCIJIYIERRU《YUHANSHANFANGJIYISHU》。《ZHOUYIFENYE》,SUISHUOSHIZHIBUZAI,YEBUNENGWANQUANDUANDINGJIWUCISHU。SHUJILIUCHUANHENFUZA,GUANFANGBUJIANDEZANGJINTIANXIAZHISHU。ZHENGRUWOCANYUJIASANQIANGXIANSHENGBIANJIZHENGLIDE《SHANXIWENXIANJICHENG》SHI,FAXIANYOUXIEJINGSHULEIDESHU,GEDATUSHUGUANJUNWUZHELU,ERZAINIXIANGBUDAOMOUXIEXIANTUSHUGUAN、SHENHUOSHIYULINTUSHUGUANJURANSHOUZANG,YEXUSIRENZANGSHUZHEYEHUIYOU,ZHISHIWOMENBUNENGSOUJINTIANXIATUSHUERYI。SUOYI,YEBUNENGYISHIZHIBUZAIWEIYOUERWANQUANWUDUANQIWEI,CUNYISHISHENSHENDETAIDU。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   YU《FEISHIYI》WENTI,XUEJIEYOUBUTONGSHENGYIN。XUFUGUANJIUFOUDING《FEISHIYI》WEIGUWEN,TARENWEIYIQIECUOWUJIEYUANZIFANYUZONG《HOUHANSHU·RULINCHUAN》。XUFUGUANZAI《ZHONGGUOJINGXUESHIDEJICHU》ZHONGSHUO:“YIXILIEDECUOWU,JIELAIZIFANYUZONGYISHIDECUOJUE。TABULEJIEDONGHANDEJINWENXUEJIAJIEPAICHIGUWEN,DANXIGUWENZHEBINGBUPAICHIJINWENDESHISHI,GENGHULVELEZAIXIHANJINGUWENZHIZHENGZHONG,《YI》GENBENBUCENGJIERU。TAYIWEIFANXIYIJINGDEGUWEN,QITASUOXIZHIJINGYIBIWEIGUWEN。TAYIN《HANSHU·RULINCHUAN》CHUANFEISHIYIDEWANGHENG(HUANG)‘YOUCHUANGUWEN《SHANGSHU》’,BIANTUIDINGWANGHUANGSUOCHUANDEFEISHIYIYIBIWEIGUWEN,BIANPINGKONGTIANSHANG‘BENYIGUZIHAOGUWEN《YI》BAZI。’”7FEISHIYIWEIGUWEN,《SUISHU·JINGJIZHI》YIJINGMINGYAN,BUBIZHUISHU。2016NIAN《ZHOUYIYANJIU》DI5QI,KANDENGLICAICHAO《FEISHIYISHIXIANKAOSHI》YIWEN,TATAIDUJINSHEN,CONGSHISHICHUFA,XIXINSHULISHISHI,FAXIANSHIQIANBEIXUEZHEWUDUSHIXIAN,ERYIFEISHIYIBUCHUANGUWEN。YOUXIERENZEJIUJIEYUYIGE“HAO”ZI,ERFOUDINGFEISHIWEIGUWEN。LIANGGANXIONGDE《<ZHOUYI>GUWENJINGBENJIDAIJIANLICHUYI——CONGFEISHIYIBUCHUANGUWENJINGTANQI》,GAIWENDUIFEISHIGUWENDEFOUDINGJIUXIANDECULV。WENZHONGSUOYIN《FEISHIYI》WEN,BUMINGCHUCHU,ZAIMAGUOHAN《YUHANSHANFANGJIYISHU》HE《LIANGHANQUANSHU》BENZHONGJUNWU,WENZHONGSUOYAN“JINBENFEISHIYI”BUZHIZAIHECHU?JIWEIKAOZHENGZHIWEN,XIJIEJIUYINGJINSHEN,RUCISUIYIFOURENFEISHIGUWEN,RANGRENNANYIXINFU,QITASUOLUN,YISHIWEICAOLV。8QIANMUZAI《LIANGHANJINGXUEJINGUWENPINGYI》ZHONGSHUO:“LIUXIANGYIZHONG《GUWENYIJING》XIAOSHI、MENG、LIANGQIUJING,HUOTUOQU‘WUJIU’、‘HUIWANG’,WEIFEISHIJINGYUGUWENTONG,CIQIXIANGYISHENWEI,GUDANGSHIYIBUTECHENGFEISHI《YI》WEIGUWENYIYE。ZHIFEISHIZHI《YI》WUZHANGJU,CIZEXUEPAIZHIYI,KEWEIZHI‘GUXUE’。ZIHOUBUBIAN,ZHUANZHONGWENZI,NAICHENGFEISHI《YI》WEI‘GUWENYI’。”9ZUOWEI“GUXUE”DEFEISHIYI,ZAIDANGSHIYINGXIANGBINGBUDA,ZHIYINJINGUWENMENHUZHIZHENGRIJUERZHUJIANSHOUDAORENMENDETAIAI,ZHIDONGHANYINFUHEXUESHUFAZHANDACHAOERRIJIANXINGSHENG。

                                  SAN、MARONGYIZHUDUIFEISHIYIDEFAZHAN

                                棋牌大全下载安装   MARONGZHU《YI》YIYI,JUSICHUANDAXUEGUJISUOBIAN《JINGXUEJIYIWENXIANHUIBIAN》JIZAI,QINGRENYOULIUZHONGJIBEN:ZHUYIZUN《MASHIZHOUYIZHU》,SUNTANG《MARONGZHOUYICHUAN》YIJUAN,ZHANGHUIYAN《ZHOUYIMASHI》,HUANGSHI《MARONGYICHUAN》YIJUAN,MAGUOHAN《ZHOUYIMASHICHUAN》SANJUAN,HUWEIYUAN《ZHOUYIMARONGCHUAN》。

                                  MARONGSHIFEISHIXUEDEYILIUCHUANDEZHONGYAORENWU,MARONGZHU《YI》YU《FEISHIYI》YOUXUDUOXIANGTONGZHICHU,ZAIYUHOUSHIQITABENZIBIJIAO,DUOYOUXIANGSI。JINBEN《YIJING》YUANYUKONGYINGDADE《ZHOUYIZHENGYI》,ER《ZHENGYI》ZEBENYUWANGBIZHIZHUBEN,WANGBIZHUBENYOUCHUYUZHENGXUAN,ZHENGXUANZEYUANYUMARONG,MARONGJIEYUFEISHIYI。MARONGZAIGUWENYIDECHUANCHENGZHONGQIZHEJUZUQINGZHONGDEZUOYONG,QIGONGXIANSHIBUYANERYUDE。PIXIRUI《JINGXUETONGLUN》YUN:“FEISHIZHI《YI》,BUZHISUOZILAI,KAOQINIANDANGZAICHENG、AIJIAN,CHUMENG、JINGHOU,WANGHUANGJIWANGHENG,YUWANGMANGTONGSHI,WEIFEISHIYICHUANDIZI,ZEBIZAIXIHANZHIMOYI,FEISHIWUZHANGJU,GUYIWENZHIBUZAI,《SHIWEN》YOUFEIZHI《ZHANGJU》SIJUAN,DANGSHUHOURENYITUO。FEISHIZHUANYITUAN、XIANG、XICI、WENYANJIEJING,YUDINGJIANGJUN《XUNGU》JUDAYILVETONG,SISHU《YI》ZHIZHENGCHUAN。ERHANBULIXUEZHE,HANLIXUEJIEJINWEN,ERFEISHICHUANGUWEN。HANRENZHONGSHISHOU,ERFEISHIWUSHISHOU,GUFANSHENGYUE:JINGSHIJILI,FEISHIYUANWANG。ZEDONGHANCHUYOUYULIFEI《YI》ZHE,ERZUBULI,CHENYUANCHUANFEI《YI》,HUOJIYULIFEI《YI》ZHIREN,ZHENGYUFANSHENGFANDUIZHEYE。CHENYUAN、ZHENGZHONG、MARONGYIXUEBUCHUAN,ZHENG、XUNERJIASHAOCHUANQILVE,WANGBIYICHUANFEI《YI》,ERQISHUOGEYI,FEISHIWANGZHANGJU,ZHIYOUWENZI,DONGHANRENZHONGGUWEN,GAIDANJUQIBENWEN,ERSHUOJIEGECONGQIYI,CIZHENGXUNWANGSUOYIGEYIYE。LIUXIANGYIZHONGGUWEN《YIJING》,XIAOSHIMENG、LIANGQIUJING,HUOTUOQUWUJIUHUIWANG,WEIFEISHIJING,YUGUWENTONG,CIMA、ZHENGSUOYIJIEYONGFEISHI。《SHIWEN》YIWEIFEIYIRENWUCHUANZHE,SHIBUZHIMA、ZHENG、WANGZHIYIJIFEI《YI》YE。WANGBIJINSAOXIANGSHU,ERDUBIAOGUAYAOCHENGYINGZHIYI,GAIBENFEISHIZHIYITUAN、XIANG、XICI、WENYANJIEJING。”10MARONGRUHEZHU《YI》?QIZHUYUFEISHIYOUHEXIANGSIZHICHU?ZHEILIJUMAGUOHAN《YUHANSHANFANGJIYISHU》BENSUOJI,YIGUANQIMAO。

                                  TUN

                                棋牌大全下载安装   CHUJIU:PANHUAN。

                                  PANHUAN,XUANYE。《SHIWEN》。YOUJIANHUSANSHENG《ZIZHITONGJIANYINZHU》JUANBASHIBA。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   TUNRUZHANRU。ZHAN,ZHANGYINGFAN。《SHIWEN》。CHENGMABANRU,FEIKOUHUNGOU。《SHIWEN》:“GOU,MABENZUO‘GOU’。”

                                  ZHANRU,NANXINGBUJINZHIMAO。《SHIWEN》。BANRU,BANXUANBUJINYE,YANERYUCHENGMAWANGSHIYUWU,ZHENGDAOWEITONG,GUBANXUANBUJINYE。ZHONGHUNYUEGOU。KONGYINGDA《ZHENGYI》。LIAN:CILIUERYAOYAOCI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   YIWANG,LIN。LIAN:JINBEN《YIJING》LIUSANYAOYAOCISHI“WANGLIN”,WU“YI”ZI。

                                  LIN,HENYE。《SHIWEN》。

                                  MENG

                                  SHANGJIU:JIMENG。《SHIWEN》:“JIMENG,MA、ZHENGZUO‘XI’。”

                                  XU

                                棋牌大全下载安装   XU,YOUFU,GUANGHENG,ZHENJI。《SHIWEN》YUN:MA、ZHENGZONGWEIYIJU。LIAN:CIXUGUAGUACI。

                                  SHANGLIU:RUYUXUE,YOUBUSUZHIKESANRENLAI。

                                  SU,ZHAOYE。《SHIWEN》。

                                  SONG

                                棋牌大全下载安装   YOUFUZHITI,ZHONGJI。ZHONG,DINGZHONGFAN。《SHIWEN》。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   ZHI,DUWEIZHI,YOUZHIYE。《SHIWEN》。LIAN:CISONGGUAGUACI。《HUANGSHIYISHUKAO》WEI“YOUFUXITI,ZHONGJI。XI,DUWEIZHI,YOUZHIYE。”

                                棋牌大全下载安装   QIYIRENSANBAIHU,WUSHENG。LIAN:CIJIUERYAOYAOCI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   SHENG,ZAIYE。《SHIWEN》。

                                  YU,ANZHENJI。YU,YIZHUFAN。《SHIWEN》。LIAN:CIJIUSIYAOYAOCI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   YU,BIANYE。《SHIWEN》。

                                  SHANGJIU:HUOXIZHIPANDAI,ZHONGCHAOSANCHIZHI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   PAN,DAYE,DANZHISHISHIWEIZHONGCHAO。《SHIWEN》。PANDAI,DADAIYIYE。《KOUJUEYI》。

                                  SHI

                                  SHI,ZHONGYE。LIAN:CITUANCIZHONGYU。ERQIANWUBAIRENWEISHI。《SHIWEN》。

                                  YICIDUTIANXIA。LIAN:CITUANCIZHONGYU。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   DU,ZHIYE。《SHIWEN》。

                                  FOUZANG。LIAN:CICHULIUYAOYAOCIZHONGYU。FOU,FANGYOUFAN。《SHIWEN》YINMA、ZHENG、WANGSU。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   MARONGSUOZHUZHI《YI》SHICHUAN,QINGRENSUIYOUJIYI,DANYIBUZUCHENGXIANZHENGTISIXIANG。DIZIZHENGXUANZHU《YI》SUIWUWANBEN,DANYIYAOCHENFAJIE《YI》JINCUNQIYIJIA。QINGRUYIWEIZHENGXUANDUCHUANG,QISHIBURAN,KAN《HANSHU·LVLIZHI》JIKEMINGBAI,XIHANYIYOUCISHUO。LIUDAJUN《ZHOUYIGAILUN》SHUO:“YONG‘YAOCHEN’YUTIANSHANGXINGSUXIANGZHI,CIFAGENGBUHUISHIZHENGXUANZIZAO,RUOKAOYUANYUAN,ZHENGXUANCISHUOKONGPABIYOUCHUANSHOU。WOMENZHIDAO,ZHENGXUANCONGMARONGXUE《YI》,ERMARONGJIYITIANXIANGZHU《YI》WEN。LIRU《JINGDIANSHIWEN》YINMARONGZHU《TUAN·WUWANG》ZHI‘TIANMINGBUYOU’YIJU,YUE:‘TIANBUYOUXING。’ZHU《MINGYI》LIUERYAOZHI‘MINGYI,YIYUZUOGU’YIJU,YUE:‘RISUITIANZUOXUANYE。’《ZHOUYIZHENGYI》KONGSHUYINMARONGZHU《XICI》ZHI‘DAYANZHISHUWUSHI,QIYONGSISHIYOUJIU’YUE:‘《YI》YOUTAIJIWEIBEICHENYE,TAIJISHENGLIANGYI,LIANGYISHENGRIYUE,RIYUESHENGSISHI,SISHISHENGWUXING,WUXINGSHENGSHIERYUE,SHIERYUESHENGERSHISIQI。BEICHENBUDONG,QIYONGSISHIYOUJIU,ZHUANYUNERYONGYE。’SUILIAOLIAOSHUTIAO,DANZHENGSHIDE‘YAOCHEN’DETIANWENXINGXIANG、WUXING、SHIERYUEDOUYOULE。GUZHENGSHI‘YAOCHEN’ZHISHUO,KENENGYUANYUMARONG。”11《FEISHIYILIN》、《ZHOUYIFENYE》,QINEIRONGJIUSHIYIBAGUAYUGANZHIXIANGPEIHE,CONGLIUSHISUOLUNLAIKAN,JINBEN《ZHOUYI》YU《FEISHIYI》YOUHENSHENDEYUANYUAN。

                                  DONGHANSUIRANHAIYOURENZAICHUANSHOULIANGQIU《YI》,DANZONGLAISHUOYIJINGMEILUOLE,ERMARONGWEIFEISHIGUWEN《YI》ZUO“CHUAN”,DIZIZHENGXUANZUOZHU。XUNSHUANGYOUWEIZHIZUOCHUAN,GUFEISHI《YI》ZAIDONGHANDECHUANSHOUSHENGJIYISHI。ZHIHOUWANGBIYIDAOJIASIXIANGZHUSHIFEISHI《YI》,FENGXINGTIANXIA,SHIDEXIHANSHI、LIANGQIUERJIAZHI《YI》SUIHOUXIAOWANG,YONGJIAZHIHOUBUJIANQICHUAN。ZHITANG,SUIYOUMENGSHI、JINGSHIZHI《YI》,SHUSUICUNERWUCHUANSHOUZHE,KONGYINGDATONGXIU《WUJINGZHENGYI》,WEIQUWANGBISUOZHUFEISHI《YI》WEIDIBEN。JINTIANSUOLIUXINGZHE《YI》ZHUZHIBEN,SHINAIYUANYUFEISHI,ERMARONGYOUYUQISHIJINGZHEZUOBUCHUAN,GUERHOURENHUSHILETADEQIAOLIANGZUOYONG,SHISHUBUGAI。ZAIHANDAIGUWENYIXUEFAZHANSHISHANG,MARONGYIXUESHIYIGEBUKEHUOQUEDEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。QINGMORENLIAOPINGZAIQI《GUXUEKAO》ZHONGYESHUO:“MARONGYIHOU,GUNAICHENGJIA,SHIYUJINXUEXIANGDI,XU、ZHENGFANGYOUJINGUZHIMING。”12GUWENJINGXUEZHIQUELIERNENGYUJINWENJINGXUEXIANGKANGHENG,MARONGJIUSHIYIGEBIAOZHI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   MARONGZHIYIXUECHUANYUKANGCHENG,QINGRENTAOFANGQIZUO《ZHENGYIMASHIXUE》JIUCHICIGUANDIAN,QIWENJIAN《CONGSHUJICHENGXUBIAN》JINGBUYILEI,TAOSHIYU《ZIXU》ZHONGYUN:“LIUXIANGYIZHONGGUWEN《YI》XIAO‘SANJIA’,WEI《FEISHIYI》JINGYUGUWENHE,《SUISHU·JINGJIZHI》:LIANGYOUHANDANFUZHANGFEIZHIZHU《ZHOUYI》SIJUAN,WANG。YU《HANSHU·RULINCHUAN》SUOCHENG:WUZHANGJU,TUYI《TUAN》《XIANG》《XICI》SHIPIAN、《WENYAN》JIESHUOSHANGXIAJINGZHEBUHE,DADIWEIFEIXUEZHEFUYIZHI。DONGHANZHISHI,QIXUEDUSHENG,CHENYUAN、ZHENGZHONGJIECHUANFEIXUE,MARONG、ZHENGKANGCHENGZHURUJIEWEIZHIZHU,GUJIN《YI》NAIFEISHIJINGYE。《MASHIYICHUAN》,《QILU》YUNJIUJUAN。《SUISHU·JINGJIZHI》:LIANGYOUHANNANJUNTAISHOUMARONG《ZHU》YIJUAN(YINAISHIZIZHIWUYE),WANG。《SHIWEN·XULU》JITANG《YIWENZHI》JIEYOUMARONG《CHUAN》SHIJUAN,QISHUJIUYI,JIANYU《SHIWEN》《ZHENGYI》《JIJIE》,SANSHUZHEYOUKELVEJIAN,MASHIZHIYISHOUYUZHENGJUN,‘WUDAOQIDONG’。ZIXUNSHIXUN,MA、ZHENGJIEWEIFEISHIZHIXUE,LISHUOBIHE,XILIANGSHUBINGWANG,XIANKEYANCHAN。XUNYUE《HANJI》YUN:‘MARONGZHE<YIJIE>,POSHENGYISHUO。’GUZHENGJUNZHU《YI》,DUOZUNFEISHIGUWEN,ERJIEYIMEIZUNMASHI,DANGRENBURANG,ZHEZHONGYUSHI,GUZHENGYIWEIDACHENG,ERMASHINAIQIXIANHUOYE。《XICI》:‘DAYANZHISHUWUSHI,QIYONGSISHIYOUJIU。’MAJUNJIEYUE:‘YIYOUTAIJI,WEIBEICHENYE。TAIJISHENGLIANGYI,LIANGYISHENGRIYUE,RIYUESHENGSISHI,SISHISHENGWUXING,WUXINGSHENGSHIERYUE,SHIERYUESHENGERSHISIQI。BEICHENJUWEIBUDONG,QIYUSISHIJIUZHUANYUNWEIYONGYE。’QIZHU《WUWANG》:TIANMINGBUYOU,WEITIANBUYOUXING。MINGYI:YIYUZUOBAN,WEITIANZUOXUAN。JIEYUZHENGSHIYAOCHENZHIYIXIANGHE,JISHUYUANYUAN,BIYOUSHOUSHOU,SUIWEI《ZHENGYIMASHIXUE》YIJUAN。”13YOUCIKEJIAN,FEISHIYIXUE、MASHIYIXUEHEZHENGJUNYIXUEXIANGCHENGGUANXI,YOUXIEBUSHIWENZISHANGNENGZHENGMINGDENEIZHONGCHUANCHENG,ERSHIYIZHONGSIXIANGSHENHUOSHIYIZHONGFANGFADECHUANCHENG。MARONGCHEFEILEJINGUWENDEJIEXIAN,JIANZHUSANLI,ERQIETUPOLERUJIAJINGXUEDEFANLI,ZHU《LAOZI》《HUAINANZI》,GENGYOUSHIJIXINGWEIDESHIYU“JIANGZHANG”“NVLE”ZHIZHONGJIANGXUE,KAIWEIJINQINGTANZHIFENG。DIZIKANGCHENGZHU《YI》,TONGYUMARONGZHICHUSHENDUO,TAOFANGQIZAI《ZHENGYIMASHIXUE》ZHONGYIYILIECHUZHENGXUANTONGYUMARONGZHICHU。RU“GE,FANGQIJINAN:《SHIWEN》YIN《MASHIYICHUAN》YUE:‘GE,GAIYE。’ZHENGTONG。《JIJIE》YIN《ZHENGYIZHU》:‘GE,GAIYE。SHUIHUOXIANGXIERGENGYONGSHI,YOUWANGZHESHOUMINGGAIZHENGSHUO,YIFUSE,GUWEIZHIGEYE。’ZHENGYIYISHISHUO。”14KANGCHENGWEIXUEZESHANERCONG,CHENFENG《DONGSHUDUSHUJI》YUE:“ZHENGZHU《ZHOULI》,BINGCUNGUSHUJINSHU,ZHU《YILI》,BINGCUNGUWENJINWEN。……CONGJINWENZEZHUNEIDIECHUGUWEN,CONGGUWENZEZHUNEIDIECHUJINWEN。”WEISHENMEZHENGZHUXINGERTAJINGFEI?YUANYINJIUZAIYUTACONGMARONGNEILIJICHENGDEWANGLUOZHONGJIA,ZESHANERCONGZHI。

                                  四、马融所承易注对学风之扭转

                                  MARONGTONGJINGUWENJINGXUE,NENGBAJINWENJINGXUEDEZHANGJUZHIXUEHEGUWENJINGXUEDEXUNGUZHIXUEJIEHEQILAI,DANZHENGTIZHIXUEFENGGESHILICHANGGUWENJINGXUEDE。XUSHENJIUSHOUDAOMARONGDEJINGZHONG,TAZHUAN《WUJINGYIYI》,YOUQISHISUOZHUAN《SHUOWENJIEZI》SHISIPIAN,WEIHANDAIGUWENJINGXUEXUNGUZHIJIDACHENGZHE,DUIZHONGGUOWENZIXUEDEYANJIUQIDAOLEJIDAZUOYONG。QIANMUZAI《LIANGHANBOSHIJIAFAKAO》ZHONGYOUYIGEGUANDIAN:“XUSHENJICONGXUEYUKUI,ZEQISUOCHENG《SHANGSHU》GUWEN,YIDANGYUMA、ZHENGXIANGTONG,GAITONGBENZHIYUDULINYE。”15MARONGZAIJI《YI》ZUOZHUSHIYOUZIJIDETESE,CAIYONGGUWENBEN,YIYONGJINWENZHIXUE,ZHUIQIUPOSUQIUSHIDEXUEFENG,TIXIANLEJINGUWENRONGTONGDEDAJIAFENGFAN。CONGXIANCUNDEYIXUEDIANJIKAN,YIYILIZHUYI,SHIHENDUOYIXUEJIAJUNCAIYONGDEFANGFAZHIYI,JINGFANG、MARONG、XUNSHUANG、YUFAN、ZHENGXUANDENGJIESHIYONGGUOYAOWEIZHU《YI》,WANGSUGENGSHIJICHENGLEMARONGDEXUDUOYIXUECHENGGUO,ZAIQI《YIZHU》ZHONGYOUXUDUOZHUSHI,DOUSHIWANGSUZHIJIEYANYONGMARONGZHISHUO。MARONGYUGUXUEHAIYOUYIGEGONGXIAN,JIUXIANGZHANGHUIYANSUOSHUODE:“CHUAN《FEIYI》ZHE,QIANHANWANGHUANG、HOUHANCHENYUAN、ZHENGZHONGJIEWUSHU,YOUSHUZIMARONGSHI。”16GUWENJINGXUEYIQIANDOUSHIKOUSHOUYICHUAN,ZIMARONGSHIERYOUSHUCHUANSHILE,CIYIWEIDAGONGYIJIAN,ZHIDEBIAOZHANG。

                                  QINGDAIXUESHUSHISHANGYOUHANXUEYUSONGXUEZHIFEN,SONGXUEZHANGYUYILI,HANXUEZHANGYUKAOJUXUNGU。QISHISUOWEIHANXUE,CHUSHIZHIMARONG、ZHENGXUANZHIXUE,MA、ZHENGTONGWEIXUNGUDAJIA,HANXUEZHITAIDOU,DUIHOUDAIDEZHUSHUYINGXIANG,ZHIWEISHENYUAN。MARONGZHISUOYIWEIXUNGUDAJIA,SHIWEIYOURONGNAIDAZHISHIRANYE。ZHENGXIANGZHANGQUANCAIDE《LIANGHANJINGXUESHI》SUOSHUO:“MARONGZHU《YI》BENYUANFEISHI,DANYOUZAYOUZIXIA、MENGSHI、JINGSHI、LIANGQIUZHISHUO;ZHU《SHANGSHU》ZEYOUQUZHENGXINGFUZIYUJIAKUIZHISHUOZHE;ZHU《CHUNQIU》ZEDUIJIAKUI、ZHENGZHONGZHISHUOPOYOUQUSHE;ZHU《LUNYU》YIJIANYONG《HANSHI》SHUO;”“KEJIANMARONGSHIJINGJIANCAIJINGUWEN。”17BIRU,《YI·GE》JIUWU“DARENHUBIAN,WEIZHANYOUFU。”LIDINGZUO《ZHOUYIJIJIE》YINMARONGZHUYUE:“DARENHUBIAN,HUBIANWEIDE,ZHECHONGWANLI,WANGFENGERXIN,YIYUSHUNGANYU,ERYOUMIAOZIFU;ZHOUGONGXIUWENDE,YUESHANGXIANZHI。GUYUEWEIZHANYOUFUYI。”“ZHOUGONGXIUWENDE,YUESHANGXIANZHI。”CHUZIFUSHENG《JINWENSHANGSHUDACHUAN》。BIRU,《YU》LIUER:“JIEYUSHI”。LUDEMING《JINGDIANSHIWEN》YUN:“JIEYINJIE,XIANJIE,GUWENZUOJIE,ZHENGGUBAFANYUNWEIMOJIEYE。MAZUOJIA,YUNCHUXIAOSHISHENG。”CIMARONGBUTONGGUWENYE。HAIYOUYITIAONENGSHUOMINGWENTIDECAILIAOSHILIWEIXIONGZAI《MARONGYUDONGHANJINGXUE》SHUODAODE,GUANYUDUI《SHIJING·ZHOUNAN·JIUMU》DEJIESHI,《SHIWEN》YUN:“MARONG、HANSHIBENZUOJIU。”CHENHUAN《MAOSHICHUANSHU》YUN:“MAZHIMAOSHI,QISUOJUZUOJIUMU,YUHANSHITONG。”HUCHENGGONG《MAOSHIHOUJIAN》YIYUN:“MAXILUSHI,YILUBENZUOJIU,YUHANTONGYE。”18YOUCIKEJIAN,MARONGSHIJINGSHIJIANCAIJINGUWENZHISHUO,SHIWEIZHENGXUANZHUJINGRONGHUIJINGUWENZHIXIANDAO,QIZHUJINGZHONGSHIKAOJUXUNGUDEYANJINXUEFENG,DUIMINGHOUQIDAOQINGDAIDEZHIXUEFENGQINIUZHUANYEQIDAOLEZHIWEIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。

                                  MARONGZAIZHENGGEHANDAIJINGXUEDEZHUANBIANZHONGQIZHEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,GUWENYIXUEDECHANSHIZHISHIQIZHONGDEYIGEFANGMIAN,TAZHISUOYINENGBIANZHUQUNJING,YESHIYOUYUTASHOUDAOGEFANGMIANSIXIANGDEYINGXIANG,BINGDUIHOUDAIXUESHUDEFAZHANQIDAOYINLINGDEZUOYONG。HOUWAILUZAI《ZHONGGUOSIXIANGTONGSHI》ZHONGSHUO:“LIANGHANJINGXUEDEJIESHUDEXIANMINGDEBIAOXIAN,JIUSHIJINGJINGUWENXUEDEHELIU。ERSHIDAISIXIANGDEZHULIU,ZEYIJINGKAISHIXIANGZHEXUANXUEFANGMIANQIANXINGLE。ZAIZHEIYIDIANSHANG,MARONGQIASHIZHEIYISHIDAISICHAOZHUANLIEDETIXIANZHE。……MARONGSHI‘WAIQIHAOJIA’‘CAIGAOBOQIA’‘DASHENGRENXING,BUJURUZHEZHIJIE’‘ZHONGYISHELETAIXING,DANGFUCHENGJI’(ZHI‘WEILIANGJICAOZOULIGU’);ZHENGYITAGAOYOURENYU,ZHEIJIZAISHIMEIYOUCUODE:‘RONGJIJIKUN,NAIHUIERTANXI,WEIQIYOURENYUE:‘GURENYOUYAN,ZUOSHOUJUTIANXIAZHITU,YOUSHOUWENQIHOU,YUFUBUWEI。SUOYIRANZHE,SHENGGUIYUTIANXIAYE。JINYIQUSUZHICHIZHIXIU,MIEWUZIZHIQU,DAIFEILAOZHUANGSUOWEIYE。’GUWANGYING(DENG)ZHIZHAO。’(《HOUHANSHU·MARONGCHUAN》)‘LAOZHUANGSUOWEI’,JIZHI‘SHENGGUIYUTIANXIA’。YOUCIGUANZHI,TABUDANCHEFEIJINGUWENXUEDEXIANJIE,JIANZHUSANLI,ERQIETUPOJINGXUEDEFANLI,CHONGFENGLAOZHUANG(TAYEZHULAOZIHUAINANZI);BUDANTATANDELAOZHUANGZHIXUEWEIHOULAIQINGTANDEZHUYAONEIRONG,ERQIEYU‘JIANGZHANG’‘NVLE’ZHIZHONGJIANGXUE,YEKAIWEIJINQINGTANJIAPOQILIJIAODEFENGSHANG。ZHEILI,YOURUJIADEJINGXUEDASHIKOULITICHULELAOZHUANGSUOWEIDE‘SHENGGUIYUTIANXIA’,SHIZUYIZHISHISHEHUISICHAOZHENGJIANGZHUANXIANGDEBUZHOU!”19KEJIAN,DONGHANHOUQIXUEFENGZHUANBIAN,YEYUMARONGCHONGSHANGLAOZHUANGYOUYIDINGDEGUANXI,ZHEIYESHIWEIJINXUANXUEDEXIANSHENG。MARONGCHUSHOUZHUANGZISIXIANGYINGXIANGERWAI,HAIYOUCHENWEISIXIANGDEYINGZI,《HOUHANSHU·MARONGCHUAN》SHUO“RONGJIZHUSHENGKAOLUNTUWEI,WENXUANSHANSUAN,NAIZHAOJIANYULOUSHANG。”QISHI,MARONGXUNGUDECHENGJIU,QIYUANZAIYUSIXIANGDEYINLING。

                                  注释

                                  1[汉]司马迁《史记》第7册,北京:中华书局,1959年,第2211页。
                                  2[清]皮锡瑞《经学通论》,北京:中华书局,1954年,第23页。
                                  3徐复观《中国经学史的基础》,北京:九州出版社,2014年,第93-94页。
                                  4董治安主编,刘晓东、王承略副主编《两汉全书》第八册(唐子恒、李士彪整理),济南:山东大学出版社,2009年。
                                  5尚秉和《易说评议》,北京:光明日报出版社,2006年,第8页。
                                  6杨树达《说文引经考序》,载其所着《积微居小学述林》,北京:中华书局,1983年,第291页。
                                  7《徐复观全集》所载《中国经学史的基础》《周官成立之时代及思想性格》,北京:九州出版社,2014年,第96-97页。
                                  8见《古籍整理研究学刊》,2002年第5期。
                                  9钱穆《两汉经学今古文平议》,北京:商务印书馆,2001年,第252页。
                                  10[清]皮锡瑞《经学通论》,第23页。
                                  11刘大钧《周易概论》,成都:巴蜀书社,1999年,第155页。
                                  12廖平《古学考》,景山书社,《辨伪丛刊之一》,1935年,第32页。
                                  13陶方琦《郑易马氏学》,《丛书集成续编》,上海:上海书店,1994年,第1页。
                                  14同上,第4页。
                                  15钱穆《两汉经学今古文平议》,北京:商务印书馆,2001年,第253页。
                                  16吴承仕《经典释文序录疏证》,北京:中华书局,1984年,第37页。
                                  17章权才《两汉经学史》,广州:广东人民出版社,1990年,第246页。
                                  18徐静芝等《经学论文集》,台北:黎明文化事业股份有限公司,1981年,第144页。
                                棋牌大全下载安装   19侯外庐《中国思想通史》,人民出版社,1957年,第328、329 页。

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