棋牌大全下载安装

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                    • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 朱子学对徽学发展的贡献

                      朱子学对徽学发展的贡献

                      时间:2018-12-11 09:56作者:陈支平 冯其洪
                      本文导读:这是一篇关于朱子学对徽学发展的贡献的文章,“徽学”之所以成功地成为中国地域学的标杆,其中“学术与文化”的因素,是促成这一“地域学”形成的催化剂和凝固剂。而朱子学的形成及其传播,坚实地奠定了“徽学”文化学术发展的重要根基。

                        摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 自20世纪80年代以来,中国的区域史或者说是地域史研究,得到人们的高度重视,从而涌现出不少关于开展建构地域学、区域学的倡议。但是迄今为止,“徽学”可以说是自20世纪80年代以来各地建构地域学的惟一的一花独放的地域学标杆。“徽学”之所以成功地成为中国地域学的标杆,其中“学术与文化”的因素,是促成这一“地域学”形成的催化剂和凝固剂。而朱子学的形成及其传播,坚实地奠定了“徽学”文化学术发展的重要根基。即使是清代兴起的徽州“朴学”,我们也可以从朱子学的治学方法论看到它的重要源头。

                        关键词: 徽学; 朱子学; 朴学;

                        Abstract: The regional research in China has gained great attention since 1980 s and lots of advocates on developing area study or regional study had sprang up.However,“Hui studies” has become the only regional study benchmark which eclipsed other efforts to construct area studies since 1980 s.Why “Hui studies” can successfully become the marker post of China regional study is that the “academic and cultural factors” which played the catalyzer and coagulator role facilitating Hui studies.It is the development and spread of Zhu philosophy that lay a solid and important foundation for the cultural and academic development in Hui studies.Even Huizhou philosophy which emerged from the Qing dynasty can be traced back to scholarship approach of Zhu philosophy.

                        Keyword: Hui studies; Zhu phylosophy; Huizhou philosophy;

                        一、文化学术是“徽学”得以屹立的凝固剂

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                        中国地域学的最先提出并引起人们的关注,基本上是先由某一地域所呈现出来的某一重大历史特征,从而引起学界的重视并且进行学术研究,进而拓展到相关的各个领域,最终形成某个地域性的学问。例如福建拟构建的“泉州学”,是基于宋元以来福建沿海海商活动的活跃及其对于中国海上丝绸之路历史文化的重大贡献,从而引起学界的重视进而上升为“泉州学”的;再如闽粤赣以及台湾等地域的“客家学”,起初也是由于客家民系的迁移及客家地域的形成,引起学界的关注并从上个世纪二、三十年代开始进行学术研究,经过近一百年来学术研究的不断推进与深化,形成了现今的所谓“客家学”。徽学的形成也是如此。明清两代以徽州地域内的商人群体及其社会贡献为特征的“徽州商人”或“徽州商帮”称雄海内外,引起来中国、日本学者的关注,并且于上个世纪四十年代开始,开展了“徽商”的学术研究。改革开放以来,“徽商”的学术研究不断进步,成果迭出,吸引着徽州地区社会各界的重视。“徽商”的研究也从较为单纯的商人、商业、商品经济等问题,推展到社会经济与文化的各个方面,最终形成了我们现在所认知的“徽学”,也就是关于徽州地域内所涵盖的社会历史文化的学问。
                       

                      朱子学对徽学发展的贡献
                       

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                        二、朱子学奠定了“徽学”文化学术的根基

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                      棋牌大全下载安装   WOMENCONGZHEIXIEWENZHANGZHONG,KEYIGANSHOUDAOZHUXIDUIYUZUJIGULIXUEZIMENDEYINQIEQIWANG,QIPANTAMENBUYAO“NIXINYUKEJUCHENGSHIZHIXI”YUZHUIQIU“WENZIZUANZUZHIGONG”,ERYINGDANGZHUANXINYURUXUEDE“DADAODADEZHICANRANZHE”,YANGCHENGZIJI,YIFENGYISU,“YIBIANERZHIDAOYI”。

                        ZHUXIZAIZUJIGULIXINANHUIZHOUDAIGUODERIZIBINGBUDUO,DANSHITADUIYUXINANHUIZHOUDEXUESHUWENHUAYINGXIANGSHIJIWEISHENYUANDE。ZAICIZHIQIAN,XINANWUYUANDENGDICHUYUSHANLINZHIZHONG,DUIWAIJIAOTONGXIANGDUIBUBIAN,WENHUAJIAOYUYEXIANGDUIZHIHOU,YUANBURUJIANGZHE、FUJIANDENGDIDENEIYANGFADA。DANSHIJINGGUOZHUXIDEGUOHUAZHIHOU,ZHUZIXUEHENKUAIZAIXINANHUIZHOUYIJIWANZHONGXINGCHENGLEZIJIDEZHIMAI,GUANGWEILIUCHUAN。ZHUZIXUEDUIYUHUIZHOUDIYUDEYINGXIANG,BINGBUJINJINJUXIANYUXUESHUSIXIANGFANGMIAN,ERSHISHEJIDAOSHEHUIDEFANGFANGMIANMIAN。ZHEIQIZHONGBAOKUOXINANHUIZHOUDEZONGZUZHIDU、XINANYIXUE、HUIZHOUMINJU、XINANHUAPAI、HUIZHOUMINFENGXISUDENGDENGDEGEGECENGMIAN,DOUGUANCHUANZHERUJIASIXIANG。DOUBIAOXIANCHUZHUZIXUE、RUXUEDUIHUIZHOUWENHUAYINGXIANGDEGUANGDUHESHENDU,CONGERSHIDEHUIZHOUWENHUACHENGXIANCHUDUOYANGXINGERYOUJINGZHIHUADESHIDAITEZHENG,WEIDANGSHIRENHEHOUSHIRENSUOZHUMU。

                        MINGDAISHIZHUZIXUEZAIZHONGGUOZUIWEICHANGMINGDESHIDAI,ZHEISHIYEZHENGSHIHUIZHOUSHANGRENKAISHIJUEQIBINGQIEDEDAODALIFAZHANDESHIQI。HUIZHOUSHANGRENYUHUIZHOUZHUZIXUE、LIXUEDEQITOUBINGJIN、XIANGHUHUIYING,ZHEIJUEBUSHIOURANDESHIQING,ZHEIYEZHENGSHIZUOWEI“HUIXUE”ZHEIYIDIYUXUEGAINIANXINGCHENGDEZUIJIBEN、ZUIHEXINDENEIHANYINSU。YANJIUHUIZHOUSHANGRENDEXUEZHEDOUYOUZHEIYANGDEGONGSHI,HUIZHOUSHANGRENZUIXIANMINGDEYIGETEZHENG,JIUSHI“RUERHAOJIA”,HUIZHOUSHANGRENYURUXUEYOUZHEJIANBUDUANDEQINGJIE,TAMENZAICONGSHISHANGYEHUODONGSHI,JIUHUIZIJUEHUOBUZIJUEDIYIRUJIASIXIANGJIRUJIADEDAODEGUANLAIZHIDAOZIJIDERICHANGXINGWEI,TEBIESHIRUJIAYI“REN”WEIBENDEDAODEGUAN,FUYULEHUIZHOUSHANGRENDUITIANXIAYUSHEHUIDEQIANGLIEZERENGAN,BA“REN”“SHAN”DEYAOZHIGUANCHEDAOJINGSHANGDESHIWUJIANXINGZHIZHONG,SHIJINGSHANGNENGGOUDADAO“RENZHEAIREN”“ZHISHAN”DEJINGJIE,DADAO“WEISHEHUICHUANGZAOWUZHIWENMINGHEJINGSHENWENMINGDEMUDE”。[6]314

                        ZHUZIXUE、RUXUEYUHUIZHOUSHEHUIGEJIECENG、TEBIESHIYUHUIZHOUSHANGRENXINGWEIGUIFANDEQIHE,SHIHUIZHOUWENHUANENGGOUZAIZHONGGUOZHONGDUODIYUZHONGTESHUYIZHIDEJIBENNEIHANYAOSU。RUGUOQUESHAOLEZHEIYANGYIGENEIHANYINSU,“HUIXUE”ZHEIYIDIYUXUEDEXINGCHENGDOUJIANGSHIBUKENENGDE。DAOLEMINGMOQINGCHUSHIQI,SUIRANZHUZIXUEDEDIWEIYOUSUOXIAJIANG,YOUGUANZHUZIXUEYANJIUDEZHONGYAOXUESHULUNZHEYOUSUOJIANSHAO,DANSHIZHUZIXUEDEYINGXIANGLIYIRANCHUCHUKEJIAN,BUKEHUSHI,YIZHIDAOJINXIANDAISHIQI,ZHUZIXUESHIZHONGDOUSHIZHONGGUOXUESHUWENHUADEZHONGJIANJIAZHIGUAN,ERHUIZHOUDEXUEREN、SHIZIMEN,YEZHENGSHISHIZHONGJIANCHIYIZHUZIXUEWEIHEXINDELIXUE、RUXUEWENHUADAODEGUAN,CONGERYUHUIZHOUSHANGRENXIANGFUXIANGCHENG,CUJINLEZHONGGUOZHEIYIZHEMINGDEDIYUXUE“HUIXUE”DEXINGCHENGYUFAZHAN。

                        WOMENZAITAOLUNZHUZIXUEDUIYUXINANHUIZHOUXUESHUWENHUASHENKEYINGXIANGDESHIHOU,RUGUOJINJINJUXIANYUZHUZIXUEDEXUESHUSIXIANGYULILUNDECHUANBOSHANGMIAN,NEISHIYUANYUANBUGOUDE。SHISHISHANG,YIZHONGXUESHUWENHUASHOUDAORENMENDEPUBIANRENKEBINGQIEZIJUEDIJINXINGJIAOHUAYUCHUANCHENG,DANDANPINGJIESHUBENSHANGDEDONGXI,QIGANHUALIZHONGJIUYOUXIAN。ZHUZIXUEZHISUOYINENGGOUZAIXINANHUIZHOUDEDAORUCISHENYUANDEYINGXIANG,ZHUZIBENRENDEGAOSHANGPINDE,SHIQIZHONGJIWEIZHONGYAODECHENGYINZHIYI。ZAIZHEILIJULIANGGELIZI。

                        CHUNXISHILIUNIAN(1189),CHAOTINGBAJIUJIUXIANZHIZAIWUYISHANZHONGDEZHUXIRENMINGWEIJIANGDONGTIXINGJIJIANGDONGYUNSHIDENGGUAN,ZHEIDUIYUPINGSHENGYIZHIGUOPINGTIANXIAWEIJIRENDEZHUXILAISHUO,WEICHANGBUSHIYICISHIJIANZHENGZHIBAOFUDEJIHUI。DANSHIJIANGDONGTIXINGHEJIANGDONGYUNSHI,QISUOGUANXIADEQUYU,HANGAILEZHUXIDEZUJIGULIXINANHUIZHOU,YINCITARENWEIZAIZIJIDEGULIWEIGUAN,CONGGONGZHENGDELICHANGCHUFA,YINGGAIHUIBI。WEICI,TAYIZAISHANGSHUQINGCI,JIANBUFUREN。RUTAZAI《CIMIANJIANGDONGTIXINGZOUZHUANGYI》ZHONGXIEDAO:

                        YOUCHENSHIYUEJIURIZHUNSHANGSHUSHENGZHAZI,JUCHENCIMIANXINCHUJIANGXITIXINGENMING,FENGSHENGZHI,LINGCHENYUJIANGDONGTIXING。LIANGZONGLIANGYIQIREN。CHENSISHISHIWANGQUEXIEENQI。FUNIANCHENQUQUCHENGKENSIJUQIANZOU,JIMENGGAIGE,QUSUIQISI,SHIDEMIANYURANGDUOZHIXIAN,YIQUANSUSHOU,QIZAIWEICHENGUSISHENXING。DANCHENQIANSUOZOUCHEN,YUANDEMENGENTOUZHIXIANSAN,YIWEIYANGBINGZHESHUQUANSHENYUANHAIZHIJI,ZESHANGYOUWEIMENGSHENGCHAZHE。YUCHENSIJIWEIBIANYOUDUO,GANMEIWANSI,ZAIYOUCHENDU。YUWANGSHENGCIXIANGCHENQIANZOU,QUCIAILIAN,ZHUIQINWUEN,GAIBICILU,SHIQIDESUISUXIN,MIANLIFEIHUO,ZEYUWEICHENYOUWEIMODAZHIXING。SUOYOUSHENGZHANEISHENGZHIZHIHUICHENBUGANZHISHOU,YISONGJIANNINGFUCHONGANXIANJISHOUQI。SHENGENLONGHOU,BAOXIAOWUJIE,ZHANWANGXUANCHI,CHENWURENQUANMALIANMUJIQIEZHIZHI!

                        TIEHUANG

                      棋牌大全下载安装   CHENZUXIANGHUIZHOUWUYUANXIAN,ZHENGLIJIANGDONG。JIANYOUFENMUZONGZUJIXIEXIAOTIANCHAN,HEGAIHUIBI,YOULIANGZONGDAOGUAN,JINFANGYUEYU,YIDANHURANWUGUGAIYI,BUWEIYINGXINSONGGU,FANRAOLIMIN,YIAILEIJIANGZHIHUI,YOUSHICHAOTINGJUCUOZHIZHONG。FUQISHENGZHAO。[2]JUAN22

                        ZHUXIZAICIMIANJIANGDONGYUNSHIDEZOUZHUANGZHONGRUCIXIEDAO:

                      棋牌大全下载安装   YOUXIJIANRENZHUGUANXIJINGSONGSHANCHONGFUGONG,HUYUJINYUEJIURIZHUNSHANGSHUSHENGZHAZI,FENGSHENGZHIZHUXICHUJIANGDONGZHUANYUNFUSHI,TIANJIANQUEBUHOUSHOUGAOJISUZHIREN,RENMANQIANLAIZOUSHI。XIWENMINGZHENJINGBUZHISUOCUO。FUNIANXIKONGSHUWUQU,JIBINGZAOSHUAI,RUSHISISHIYUNIAN,ZHISHIXUNCHANGQIELU,BENWUQIJIEKEYIYUREN,TUYILVMENGENSI,HENGJIACHUYONG,JIANYOUFEIQIFENZHISUODANGDE,YUQILIZHISUONENGKANZHEBUDEBUKONGCIYIGANCHAOTING,ERCHUANWENBUCHA,ZHIMUDUODUAN,DUHESHOUHUANGTIANRIZHIZHAOLIN,XUQUANSUSHOU。YOURUSHENGZHUYUNZHANGZHIZAOSHI,WUJIECHONGBAO,SUIDETOUANLILV,BIYUANXIANGHUO,ZAIYUYUFENSIJITAOYU,BUWEISHENGENJILIAN,SUIJIARENSHI。YANGWEISHICHUQINGMINGZHIRI,ZHENGSHIXIANZHICHIWUZHIQIU,GUSUICANFEIZHIYU,QIBUYUANXIAOCHICUN?SHIYIJISHUAIJIJIU,BAIYANGJIAOGONG,XINJIAOXINGPI,SHIHUNTINGZHONG,QIEZICHUAIDU,JUERANBUKANYILUERMUZHIJI,RUOBUQIAIGAIMIAN,BIZHIZIQUDIANJI。JIANXIZUXIANGHUIZHOUZHENGSHUBENLU,JIANYOUFENMUZONGZUTIANCHANZAIWUYUAN,QIELVZAIFAYIHEHUIBI。YUWANGCHAOTINGDONGZHAOBENMO,QUWEIFUZOU,TEYUZHUIQINXINMING,LINGXIFUHAIGUGUAN,SHUJISHAOANYUJIANZHIJI,ZEXIBUSHENGQIANWANXINGSHEN。JINJUZHUANGSHENSHANGSHUSHENGFUHOUJUNZHI。[2]JUAN23

                      棋牌大全下载安装   ZHUXIWEILECIMIANJIANGDONGYUNSHIDERENMING,HAIZHIJIEJICHENGXIANGLIUZHENGXIEXIN,TONGYANGQIANGDIAOLEWEIGUANHUIBIDETAIDU,TAZAI《YUZAIZHIZHAZI》ZHONGXIEDAO:

                      棋牌大全下载安装   XIZHEYOUYUCHENGYANGGANCHONGTING:□ZHEFUMENGSHENGEN,CHUXIJIANGNANDONGLUZHUANYUNFUSHI,CIGAIMIAOTANGGUANGFUSHENGZHUTUQIZHIGONG,JISIBINGYONGQUNCAI、BURENDUYIYISHIZHIYI,FEITEXIZHISIXING。RANXIYIJIUBINGJISHUAI,MUHUNERZHONG,XINLIDIAOCAN,DONGDUOYIWANG,ZIDUBUKANGONGCHAOYIDAOZHIJI,SIJUZHUANGSHENSHANGSHUSHENG,QICIFUZOUQINBAQUQI。QIJIANSUOCHENBINGZHENG,JIEYOUSHIJI,BUGANZHEYOUYICIZHIWEI。ZHIYUFENMUTIANCHANYOUXIANDANGBI,LIYIMINGSHEN。YUWANGHONGZAOJINLIAN,ZAOCIJIANGSHANGQUWEIKAICHEN,SHIDEYIJIUQIESHICIGUAN,YIANJIANJI,SHIXIJIBINGGUWEI,QIANWANZHIXING。GANMAOWEIZUN,BUSHENGFUFUZHENJUZHIZHI。[2]JUAN23

                        ZHUXIWEILECIMIANJIANGDONGTIXING、JIANGDONGYUNSHIDERENMING,XIANHOUSHANGCHENGZOUZHUANGJINSHICI。YIWANGLUNZHEDOUBACISHIZUOWEIZHUXIBUYUANCHULAIWEIGUANDEJIEKOU。DANSHIZUOWEIYIWEIYITIANXIASHIWEIJIRENDERUZHE,CHULAIWEIGUANSHIZHUXIDECHUZHONGZHUIQIU,DANSHITABINGBUYUANYIWEILEZUOGUANERZUOGUAN,RENHEYOUSIHAOBUHEDAODEQINGLIDERENMING,TADOUYAOJIANJUECIMIAN,ZHEIYEZHENGSHIZHUXIZAIMIANLIXINANHUIZHOUXUEZI、SHIZIMENDESHIHOU,DUOCIQIANGDIAOBUYAOCHENNIYUKEJURUSHIDELIXUEBENZHI。YINCIWORENWEIZHUXILVLVSHANGZOUYIHUIBIYUANJIZUOGUANCITUIJIANGDONGGUANYUANDERENMING,ZHENGSHITAYIGUANSUOJIANSHOUDEDAODELICHANG,BINGFEIJIEKOU。ERTADEZHEIZHONGJIANCHIDAODEBIAOZHUNDEPINDE,CONGLINGWAIYIGECEMIANJIXINANHUIZHOUDEXUEZI、SHIZIMENSHULILEBANGYANG,QIANYIMOHUADIGANZHAOLEXINANHUIZHOUDEXUEFENG、SHIFENG,SHIDEZHUZIXUEZAIXINANHUIZHOUDEDAOXUNSUDECHUANBO。

                      棋牌大全下载安装   ZHUXIZI47SUIDIERCIHUIZUJIGULIZHIHOU,JIUZAIMEIYOUHUIQUGUO。SHAOXINIANJIAN,FUJIANMINBEIYIDAIFASHENGDONGLUAN,XINANWUYUANDEQINQIMENXIWANGZHUXIDAOZUJIGULISHENGQINBINGZANBIHUOLUAN。ZHEIBENLAISHIYIGEBUCUODETIYI,DANSHIZHUXIXIEJUELE。XIEJUEDEYUANYINSHIZHUXISHIRENNANJINGHONGQINGGONGZHUGUAN,TAZHUGUANDEHONGQINGGONGYUANMIAOZAIBEIFANGLUNYUDICHEN,ZHONGYUANSHOUFUWUWANG,ZHUXIRENWEIZIJIBUNENGKEJINZHISHOU,YOUSHIWEIREN,GUZIJIWUYANBEISHANG。TAZAI《WEIZHAIYUZHUGONGSHUBA》ZHONGYUN:

                        QIYUEJIANFANGHAIXIAN,EROUNINGTUKOUFANRUWEIZHECHUMEIJIANJIANZHIJIAN,QIZHONGSHUQIAN,GUANJUNYUZHIZHEKUI,ZHUSIBUMIANQINGGUANZHAOAN,YIHAIZHUANGSHOUKAO,SHEJIANGSANQIZHONG。WUHEDABINGZIHUIJILAI,BIYUJINJI,ZUORIFANGBAODABINGMAOMEIRUZEICHAO,SANGSHISHUQIANREN,ZEISHIYOUZHEN,DALVEZIJINXIAYILAI,WEICHANGYOUYIZHENZHIAN。……WUYUANXIANLUSUOZAI,XINGMEIWEICHANGWANGYE。LAISHUXIANGQUANYIGUI,DANGSIGUOJIAKEFUZHONGZHOU、NANBEIDADING,GUIWEIWANYE。……JINLIUSHIYOUSINIAN,PENGWANSHOUZE,TIXUEJIAOLING,JINGSHUQIHOUERGUIZHI。SHAOXIGUICHOUSHIERYUEQIRI,GUCHAOSANLANGMIGEXIUZHUANZHUGUANNANJINGHONGQINGGONGXIJINSHU。[7]JUAN8

                      棋牌大全下载安装   DUIYUBEIFANGDADIDELUNXIAN,ZIJIZHUGUANDEHONGQINGGONGYUANMIAOBUNENGQIANWANGCHAOBAI,YIZHISHIZHUXIDEXINTOUZHITONG,TACENGJINGXIEGUOZHEIYANGDEJUEJU:

                      棋牌大全下载安装   JIUJINGYUANMIAOJIUYANCHEN,BAIFACIGUANGANKAIXIN。

                        BEIWANGQIANMENKONGYINJI,BUZHIHERIQUCHAOZHEN![2]JUAN9

                        ZHONGZHUXIZHISHI,ZHUXIDANGRANSHIMEIYOUJIHUIDAOBEIFANGDEHONGQINGGONGQUCHAOZHEN,ZHEIZAIZHUXIDEXINLI,BUNENGBUSHIYIJIANYONGJIUDESHANGTONGHEYIHAN。ZHUXIZAI64SUIDESHIHOUXIEJUEXINANWUYUANXIANGQINHAOYOUDEYAOQING,HUIWUYUANZANSHIBIHUO,TONGYANGTIXIANLEYISHENGJIANCHIDEPINDECAOSHOU,RENHEGOUQIEBUHEDAODEDESHIQING,TASHIJIANJUEHUIJUEDE。ZHENGYINWEIRUCI,ZHUXIZAOZAI20SUIJIUGAOZHONGJINSHI,DANSHITADESHITU,QUESHISHIFENDEDUANZAN。ERZHEISHIFENDUANZANDEWEIGUANSHENGYA,ZHENGTIXIANLEZHUXIDEGAOSHANGPINDE。ZHEIZHONGGAOSHANGDEPINDE,TONGYANGJIQIZUJIGULIDEXUEZI、SHIZIMEN,SHULILEKEGUIDEJINGSHENWENHUABIAOGAN,SHIDEZHUZIXUEZAIXINANHUIZHOUDEDAOYONGJIUDECHUANCHENG,ZHIDAOJINTIAN。

                        三、朱子学是徽州“朴学”的重要源头

                        ZUIHOU,WOMENHAIBIXULIQINGDEYIGEZHONGYAOWENTISHIZHUZIXUEYUXINXUEJIHUIZHOUPOXUEDEGUANXI。YANJIUZHONGGUOSIXIANGSHIDEXUEZHEMEN,SIHUYOUYIGEDINGSHIDELUOJILUNDIAN,ZHEIJIUSHIZHUZIXUEFAZHANDAOMINGDAIZHONGQIZHIHOU,ZHUJIANSHUAILUO,QIERDAIZHIDESHIWANGYANGMINGXINXUEJIHOULAIDETAIZHOUXUEPAIMEN。ZHEIZHONGDINGSHIDELUOJILUNDIANTONGYANGYEBEIYIZHIDAOHUIXUEYANJIUDEXUESHULINGYU。SHISHISHANG,ZHEIYIDINGSHIDELUOJILUNDIANSHIHENZHIDEZHONGXINTAOLUNDE。ZHUZIXUEDEYIXIEZHONGYAOZHEZUOCONGMINGCHUBEIZHENGFUDINGWEIKEJUKAOSHIDEBIDUKECHENGZHIHOU,ZHUZIXUEZAIMINGQINGSHIQIDEDUSHURENZHONG,BUGUANSHIYUANYIBUYUANYI,QISUOCHANSHENGDEYINGXIANGLISHIBUKEHANDONGDE。QICI,ZHUXISUOTICHANGDEMINZHONGDAODEGUANHESHEHUIZHILIFANGAN,QIWENHUAYINGXIANGLISHENRUDAOSHEHUIDEGEGECENGMIAN,CHENGWEISONGMINGYILAIZHONGGUOJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEYUJIAOHUADEJIBENZHUNZE。[8]FANGUANMINGDAIZHONGHOUQIDE“XINXUE”,SUIRANZAIYIXIEZHISHIFENZIDEGUZAOLUNBIANZHIHOU,SHENGSHIZHENFENYISHI。DANSHI“XINXUE”SUOYANXUDESHIJIANBINGBUZHANG,BUGUOBAIYUNIAN。XUDUOFENGYANG“XINXUE”DEZHISHIFENZIHESHIDAFUMEN,YOUWANGWANGZOURUYIQIYONGSHIHEKONGSHULUNBIANDEXIEDAO,CHENGWEIMINGMODANGZHENGDEYIGEZHONGYAOXUESHULILUNYUANTOU。ZHIYU“XINXUE”DUIYUMINJIANSHEHUISUOCHANSHENGDEYINGXIANGLI,JIHUKONGBAI,GENBENWUFAGENZHUZIXUEXIANGTIBINGLUN。SHIZHIJINRI,WOMENYIRANKEYICONGWOMENDERICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGYINYUEDIKANDAOZHUZIXUEDEZHUDUOYINGXIANG,ER“XINXUE”QUEYOURUGUOYANYUNYAN,HENSHAOWEIHOUSHIDESHEHUILIUXIADUOSHAODEWENHUAHENJI。

                      棋牌大全下载安装   WOMENZAICONGHUIZHOUDIYUDESHIJIZHUANGKUANGLAIKANDAIZHEIYIWENTI。BUYONGSHUOWOMENJINTIANYANJIUHUIZHOUSHEHUISHENGHUOSHITEBIESHIHUIZHOUJIAZUSHEHUISHIDEXUEZHEMEN,WUBUGUANZHUDAOZHUZIXUEZAIQIZHONGFAHUIDEZHONGDAERYOUBUKETIDAIDEZUOYONG。JISHISHIXUEZHEMENSUOLUNSHUDEMINGDAIZHONGHOUQIHUIZHOU“XINXUE”ZHUJIANTIDAIZHUZIXUEDELUNJUKAN,YESHISHIFENQIANQIANGDE。CONGMUQIANCHIZHEIZHONGGUANDIANDELUNZHEKAN,ZHUYAOSHITIDAOMINGDAIZHONGHOUQIYOUBUSHAOYANGMINGHOUXUEDEZHEMINGXUEZHELAIDAOHUIZHOUJIANGXUE,ZHEIZHONGWAIDIXUEZHELAIHUIZHOUJIANGXUE,ZHINENGSHUOSHIOURANXINGDESHIJIAN,BINGBUNENGZHENGMING“XINXUE”JIUZAIHUIZHOULUODISHENGGEN。ZHIYULUNZHEZHONGSUOTIDAODEHUIZHOUBENDIXUEZHEZUIZHEMINGDESHIMINGDAIQIANQIXUEZHESHIDAFUCHENGMINZHENG,JIUGENGSHIQIANQIANGZHIZHI。YUQISHUOCHENGMINZHENGSHIHUIZHOU“XINXUE”XUESHUODEXINFENGZHE,HAIBURUSHUOCHENGMINZHENGSHIHUIZHOUZHUZIXUEDEHOUXUEGENGWEIQUEQIE。[6]6、239-242ERFANGUANMINGDAIZHONGHOUQIHUIZHOUDEZHUZIXUE,HUIZHOUJIXUEZHEWANGXUN、CHENGTONGDENG,DOUSHIJUYOUQUANGUOYINGXIANGLIDEZHEMINGZHUZIXUEDAIBIAOXINGRENWU。

                        TANDAOHUIZHOUDEXUESHUWENHUA,WOMENJIUBUNENGBUTANDAOQINGDAIHUIZHOUDE“POXUE”。GENJUXIANZAIXUEZHEDEYIBANLUNSHU,GUANYU“POXUE”DECHANSHENGYOUFAZHAN,DAZHIJINGGUOLEZHEIYANGDEYANBIAN:“MINGDAIZHONGHOUQI,YIXINANLIXUEWEIDAIBIAODEHUIXUE,YINSHOU‘XINXUE’DECHONGJI,CHANSHIZHUZIXUEBULI,ZHENGGEXUEPAICHUXIANWEIMIBUZHENDESHUAILUOJIXIANG。QINGCHUSUICHUXIANGUOFUXINGZHUZIXUEDEJUMIAN,DANYESHIDUANZANDE。ERLUWANGXINXUEJIANGQIUNEISHENG,KONGTANXINXING,TEBIESHIMINGWANGYIHOU,WANGXUEMOLIUBEIPENGJIWEIKONGTANWUGUO,XINXUEZAIHUIZHOUYEWUSHICHANG。SUIZHEQINGCHUHANXUEDEXINGQI,QINGDAIDEXUESHUYANJIUKAISHIXIANGYIQIUSHIQIELI、MINGWUXUNGU,BINGCHONGSHANGPOSHIWUHUADEKAOJUXUEFANGXIANGFAZHAN,JISHIXUESHUSHISHANGDESUOWEI‘POXUE’。ERHUIZHOUDEXUEZHEZESHI‘POXUE’DEZHULI,ZHANZAIZHEIGUXUESHULANGTOUZHISHANGDEZESHIHUIZHOUXIUNINGRENDAIZHEN。DAIZHENSHIHUIPAIPOXUEDEJIDACHENGZHE,TABUJINZAISHENGYUNXUNGU、MINGWUZHIDU、JINGJIKAOZHENG、TIANSUANDILIYANJIUDENGFANGMIANQUDELEZHONGDACHENGJIU,ERQIECHUANGZAOXINGDICHANFALEYILIZHIXUE,ZAIYILIZHIXUEZHONGSHANYAOZHESIXIANGDEGUANGMANG。DAIZHENZUOWEIYUWUPAIHUIDONGBINGCHENGDEHUIPAILINGXIU,SHIQINGDAIKAOJUXUEDETAIDOUZHIYI。DANWOMENXIANZAISHENSHIQINGDAIXUESHUSIXIANGSHI,GANDAOZUOWEIZHEXUEJIA、SIXIANGJIADEDAIZHEN,YUANBIZUOWEIKAOJUJIADEDAIZHENQIYINGXIANGYUGONGXIANGENGDA。YINWEIDAIZHENDEKAOJUXUEYISHISHIQIUSHIWEIYUANZE,KAOJUSHIWEITA‘WENDAO’、‘TANQIUYILI’FUWUDE。DAIZHENZAITADEXUESHUSHENGYAZHONGTICHUDE‘YIZITONGCI,YICITONGDAO’DEZHIXUELUJINGHEXUESHUMUBIAOYUTAJIANGOUDEYILIZHIXUESIXIANGJUYOUNEIZAIDELUOJIYIZHIXING。YOUQISHITADEYILIZHIXUE,CHAOMAISHIREN,DUBUQIANGUWULUNSHIZAIDANGSHIHAISHIZAIHOUSHI,DOUCHANSHENGLEJIWEIQIANGLIEDEZHENHANLIHEYINGXIANGLI,SHIDEDAIZHENCHENGWEIWOGUOCONGGUDAISIXIANGXIANGJINDAISIXIANGGUODUHEZHUANBIANSHIQIZUIZHONGYAODEDAIBIAOXINGRENWUZHIYI。”[6]257-258

                      棋牌大全下载安装   XUDUOXUEZHEDOUZHUYIDAODAIZHEN“TANQIUYILI”YUZHUZIXUEDECHUANCHENGGUANXI,SUOWEI“DAIZHENYILIZHIXUESIXIANGDEXINGCHENGYUQUELI……YUTADUICHENGZHULIXUEDERENSHIMIBUKEFEN,KEYISHUO,DAIZHENYILIZHIXUESIXIANGDEXINGCHENGYUQUELI,YEJIUSHITADUICHENGZHULIXUERENSHIDEBUDUANSHENHUADEGUOCHENG。”[6]6、264ZHEIZHONGLUNSHUWUYISHIXIANGDANGZHENGQUEDE,DANSHIWOMENHAIYINGGAIKANDAO,ZHUXIJIZHUZIXUEZAIYANJIUXUEWENSHIDEFANGFALUN,DUIYUDAIZHEN“POXUE”DEYINGXIANG,TONGYANGYESHIBUKEHUSHIDE。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,ZHUXIZAIQIYISHENGDEXUESHUSHENGYAZHONG,SHISHIQIANGDIAO“HUAIYI”DEJINGSHEN,JIAOYUXUESHENGZAIDUSHUZUOXUEWENSHIYAOHUIYI、DUOYI。TACENGJINGDUOCIZHICHU:“DUSHUSHIDU,WEIZHIYOUYI。QICIZEJIANJIANYOUYI。ZHONGZEJIEJIESHIYI。GUOLEZHEIYIFAN,YIJIANJIANSHI,YIZHIRONGHUIGUANTONG,DOUWUKEYI,FANGSHISHIXUE”,YOUYUN:“DAYIZEDAJIN”,YOUYUN:“WUYIZHEXUYAOYOUYI,YOUYIZHEQUEYAOWUYI”,“QUNYIBINGXING,QINSHIJUFEI,SHIHUARANERYOUJIANYE”,“RUOYOUYICHUQIEXUZIQUSHANGLIANG,BUYAOYIKAOREN,RENRUOCHUDEGEYIKAORENDIXIN,XUEYEXUHUIJIN”。BINGQIEHAIQIANGDIAOZHICHU:“FANRENDUSHURUOQIONGDEDAOTONGTOUCHU,XINZHONGYEQIANDIKUAIHUO。RUOYICHU,XUSHICANZHUJIAJIESHUKAN。”[9]31ZHUXIDUIDUOYIZHEIZHONGZHONGYAOXUEXIFANGFAJINXINGLEFANFUDEQIANGDIAO,QIDUIHOURENDEYINGXIANGSHISHIFENSHENKEDE。

                        ZHUXIDUIYUZUOXUEWENDEFANGFALUN,CHULEQIANGDIAOHUAIYIJINGSHENZHIWAI,HAITICHANGQIEERBUSHE、ZHUIGENDAODI、XIANGHUYANZHENG、MOLIERYUJINGDECHENGKENGONGFU。TASHUO:“XUEZHEWANGDAOWEIJIANGUBIJISHUYIQIONGLI,GOUYOUJIANYAN,YIDANGBOKAOZHUSHU,YOUSUOZHENGYANERHOUSHI,YOUSUOBEIZHUERHOUAN。BURANZEQIDEGU,ERYUKUGAOJIMIEZHEWUYIYIYI。”“DUSHUSUOYIMINGLI,ERMINGLIZHEYUQIYOUYIZHUHUXIWEIZHIJIANERBUCHAYE。GUWEIKAOZHIYUXIANG,ZECHAZHIYUMI,CHAZHIYUMIZEWUXINYIZHILVJIAGUAMOLIERYUJING,ZETIANXIAZHILIZHIYUWUQIANZHEQIHAOLIMIAOHUZHIBUQI,ZEWUBIYOUYIBIANZHIYI。”ZHUXIRENWEIDUSHUWEIXUEBIXUZUODAOYAN、KOU、XINHEYI,QUANSHENXINTOURU,CAINENGYOUSUODE,“DADIGUANSHUXIANXUSHUDU,SHIQIYANJIERUOCHUYUWUZHIKOU,JIYIJINGSI,SHIQIYIJIERUOCHUYUWUZHIXIN,RANHOUKEYIYOUDEER。ZHIYUWENYIYOUYI,ZHONGSHUOFENCUO,ZEYIXUXINJINGLV,WUJUQUSHEYUQIJIAN。XIANSHIYISHUOZIWEIYISHUO,ERSUIQIYIZHISUOZHIYIYANQITONGSAI,ZEQIYOUWUYILIZHE,BUDAIGUANYUTASHUOERXIANZIQUYI。FUYIZHONGSHUOHUXIANGJIENAN,ERQIUQILIZHISUOAN,YIKAOQISHIFEI,ZEQISISHIERFEIZHE,YIJIANGDUOYUGONGLUNERWUYILIYI。DALVXUXINGQUELICHUJINGGUAN,DONGRUGONGJIANMU,XIANQIYIZHEERHOUQIJIEMU;RUJIELUANSHENG,YOUSUOWEITONGZEGUZHIERFUXULIZHI。CIGUANSHUZHIFAYE。”ZUIHOUYIDINGYAODOUSOUJINGSHEN、TONGQIEKENCEDIXIAGONGFU,“SHIJIWANGSHI,KEWANGYIN,FANGDE。XUEZHEZUIPAYINXUN,YOUYOUYUXUEZHEZUIYOUBING。WEIXUEYAOGANGYIGUOJUE,YOUYOUBUJISHI。QIERUFAFENWANGSHI、LEYIWANGYOUSHISHENMEJINGSHEN,SHENMEGUJIN!JINZHIXUEZHEQUANBUCENGFAFEN。ZHIYAODOUSOUJINGSHEN,MOYAOHUNDUN。RUJIUHUOZHIBINGRAN,QIKEYOUYOUSUIYUE。WEIXUEZHENGRUCHENGSHANGSHUICHUAN,YIGAOBUKEFANGHUAN。”[10]4-9ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,CAINENGZAIXUEWENSHANGYOUSUOCHENGJIU。

                        ZHUXIWEIXUEDEZHEIXIEFANGFALUN,BUZHENGSHIQINGDAIHUIZHOUDAIZHENDENGKAICHUANGDE“POXUE”WEIXUEDEJIBENLUJINGHEFANGFAMA?YINCIWOMENKEYISHUO,QINGDAIHUIZHOU“POXUE”DEXINGCHENGYUFAZHAN,BUJINJINZHISHIJICHENGLEZHUZIXUEDE“YILI”YUANZE,ERQIEZAIFANGFALUNSHANG,YEZAIXUDUODIFANGJICHENGLEZHUZIXUEWEIXUEDEJIBENFANGFA。WOMENKEYIHAOBUKUAZHANGDISHUO,ZHUZIXUESHIQINGDAIHUIZHOU“POXUE”FANGFALUNDEZHONGYAOYUANYUANZHIYI。

                        WOMENJINTIANZAITAOLUN“HUIXUE”DESHIHOU,HUIXUEDEXUESHUWENHUANEIHANWUYISHIWOMENSUOYAOGUANZHUDEZHUYAONEIRONGZHIYI。WOMENCONG“HUIXUE”ZHEIYIDIYUXUEDEXUESHUGAINIANLAIKAOCHAZHUXIYUZHUZIXUEDUIYUHUIXUEXINGCHENGYUFAZHANDEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN,ZHEIDUIYUTUIJIN“HUIXUE”DEYANJIUSHENDUHEGUANGDU,YIJIDIYUXUE、QUYUXUEGAINIANDEXINGCHENGLICHENG,YINGGAIBUWUYICHUBA。

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