棋牌大全下载安装

<small id='0hi2t'></small><noframes id='0hi2t'>

  • <tfoot id='0hi2t'></tfoot>

      <legend id='0hi2t'><style id='0hi2t'><dir id='0hi2t'><q id='0hi2t'></q></dir></style></legend>
      <i id='0hi2t'><tr id='0hi2t'><dt id='0hi2t'><q id='0hi2t'><span id='0hi2t'><b id='0hi2t'><form id='0hi2t'><ins id='0hi2t'></ins><ul id='0hi2t'></ul><sub id='0hi2t'></sub></form><legend id='0hi2t'></legend><bdo id='0hi2t'><pre id='0hi2t'><center id='0hi2t'></center></pre></bdo></b><th id='0hi2t'></th></span></q></dt></tr></i><div id='0hi2t'><tfoot id='0hi2t'></tfoot><dl id='0hi2t'><fieldset id='0hi2t'></fieldset></dl></div>

          <bdo id='0hi2t'></bdo><ul id='0hi2t'></ul>

          1. <form id='s43b1'></form>
              <bdo id='s43b1'><sup id='s43b1'><div id='s43b1'><bdo id='s43b1'></bdo></div></sup></bdo>

                • <tr id='t7mz4'><strong id='t7mz4'></strong><small id='t7mz4'></small><button id='t7mz4'></button><li id='t7mz4'><noscript id='t7mz4'><big id='t7mz4'></big><dt id='t7mz4'></dt></noscript></li></tr><ol id='t7mz4'><option id='t7mz4'><table id='t7mz4'><blockquote id='t7mz4'><tbody id='t7mz4'></tbody></blockquote></table></option></ol><u id='t7mz4'></u><kbd id='t7mz4'><kbd id='t7mz4'></kbd></kbd>

                  <code id='t7mz4'><strong id='t7mz4'></strong></code>

                  <fieldset id='t7mz4'></fieldset>
                        <span id='t7mz4'></span>

                            <ins id='t7mz4'></ins>
                            <acronym id='t7mz4'><em id='t7mz4'></em><td id='t7mz4'><div id='t7mz4'></div></td></acronym><address id='t7mz4'><big id='t7mz4'><big id='t7mz4'></big><legend id='t7mz4'></legend></big></address>

                            <i id='t7mz4'><div id='t7mz4'><ins id='t7mz4'></ins></div></i>
                            <i id='t7mz4'></i>
                          1. <dl id='t7mz4'></dl>
                            1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 建构儒家道德理论的逻辑与原则探析

                              建构儒家道德理论的逻辑与原则探析

                              时间:2018-12-17 10:26作者:刘湘溶 易学尧
                              本文导读:这是一篇关于建构儒家道德理论的逻辑与原则探析的文章,西方思想家大多从“人之所以为人”出发,试图用逻辑论证的方法说明“道德”“正义”等——换言之,西方伦理学是从个人的角度来论证伦理与德性。亚里士多德从人生的内在目的(例如“幸福”)来推导什么是“善”。[

                                摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 儒家道德理论的建构逻辑可以概括为三个原则:道德超越利益、“人皆有向善之心”和道德是自律的。其中,第一个原则是确立社会道德共识的必要条件;第二个原则是道德力量发挥作用的机制;第三个原则则为道德秩序的自我恢复提供基础。但是在帝制时代,儒家道德思想被改造为以“三纲”为核心的封建礼教,沦为帝制统治的工具,这实际上已经违背了儒家道德思想的初衷。文章进一步分析了东西方社会道德困境的产生原因,并探讨了儒家道德思想及其建构原则对于解决当前道德危机的重要意义。

                                关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 儒家; 道德思想; 建构逻辑;

                                Abstract: The construction logic of Confucian moral theory can be summarized as three principles: moral transcendence of interests, everyone has the heart to be good and moral self-discipline. Among them, the first principle is the necessary condition to establish social moral consensus; the second principle is the mechanism of the moral force as to how to play a role; the third principle provides the basis for the self-restoration of moral order. However, in the imperial era, the Confucian moral thought was transformed into the feudal ethics with the core of three cardinal guides and reduced to a tool of imperial rule, which has actually violated the original intention of the Confucian moral ideals. The article further analyzes the causes of the moral dilemma in Eastern and Western societies, and explores the significance of Confucian moral thought and its construction principles in solving the current moral crisis.

                                Keyword: Confucianism; moral theory; construction logic;

                              棋牌大全下载安装   XIFANGSIXIANGJIADADUOCONG“RENZHISUOYIWEIREN”CHUFA,SHITUYONGLUOJILUNZHENGDEFANGFASHUOMING“DAODE”“ZHENGYI”DENG——HUANYANZHI,XIFANGLUNLIXUESHICONGGERENDEJIAODULAILUNZHENGLUNLIYUDEXING。YALISHIDUODECONGRENSHENGDENEIZAIMUDE(LIRU“XINGFU”)LAITUIDAOSHENMESHI“SHAN”。[1]8-21YALISHIDUODEZHIHOUDEXIFANGSIXIANGJIAYANXILEZHEIYIYANJIUFANSHI。LIRU,KANGDEZHILIYULUNZHENGDEXINGYUXINGFUDEGUANXI,[2]121-142YUYALISHIDUODEBUTONG,TAYIPEIXIANGXINGFULAIDAITIXINGFU;[3]24HEIGEERYI“MANZU”、NICAIZEYI“GONGZUO”LAITIDAIGUDIANDEXINGFUGUAN。JINGGUOSUGELADI、BOLATU、YALISHIDUODE、KANGDE、HAIGEDEERDENGZHONGDUOSIXIANGJIADEFAZHAN,XIFANGLUNLIXUESHIYIYANJINDESIBIANLUOJILAIGOUZHUYIZUOHONGWEIZHUANGLIDELILUNDASHA。

                                而在古代中国,伦理思想的发展走的却是另外一条道路。孔子从未尝试从逻辑的角度论证什么是“仁”,而是主要以自身行为(包括言语)示范(“身教”)告诉弟子,什么是“仁”。笔者认为孔子的思路自有其道理。第一,在绝大多数时候,人们并非缺乏善恶的分辨能力,而是没有勇气、决心与毅力去践行“仁”与“善”。因此,重要的不是论证什么是“正义”和“道德”,而是践行。第二,“正义”与“道德”本身不是可以用逻辑论证的,以逻辑方法去论证往往会出现悖论或者无法得到答案。
                               

                              建构儒家道德理论的逻辑与原则探析
                               

                                NEIME,SHIFOURUJIALUNLISIXIANGDEFAZHANHAOWULUOJIKEYANNI?BIZHERENWEIBINGFEIRUCI。WENTIDEGUANJIANZAIYU,DONGXIFANGLUNLISIXIANGFAZHANDECHUFADIANBUTONG:XIFANGLUNLIXUECONGGERENDESHIJIAOZHANKAIQILILUNYANYI;ERRUJIAZECONGYIKAISHIJIUZHEYANYUSHEHUIZHENGTIDEHEXIEWENDING,YI“ZHIGUOPINGTIANXIA”WEIMUBIAODAOXIANG,YOUCIZHANKAIQILILUNTIXI。SHISHISHANG,RUGUOZHANZAISHEHUIZHENGTIDEJIAODUQUKAOCHARUJIADEDAODELIXIANG,KEYIFAXIANQINEIZAILUOJIQISHISHIFEICHANGYANJINDE。

                                一 儒家道德理论的建构逻辑

                                (一)儒家理想人生“内圣外王”的整体逻辑

                                ZAIRUJIAKANLAI,YUANMANDERENSHENGSHI“NEISHENGWAIWANG”。QIZHONG“NEISHENG”ZHINEIZAIXIUYANG,JIXIUSHENYANGXING,ZHIZHONGYONGZHIDAO,ZHIYUZHISHAN;“WAIWANG”ZEZHIWAIZAIDESHIGONG,QIZUIZHONGMUDEZHIXIANG“PINGTIANXIA”,SHIZHENGGESHEHUIHEXIEWENDING。

                                XIANRAN,RUJIAJIANG“NEISHENG”SHIWEI“WAIWANG”DEQIANTIHEYUANYIN,QIANGDIAOLEQIANZHEZHIYUHOUZHEDEXIANJUEXING。CIQIANYOUDELUNZHERENWEI,“WAIWANG”DESHIXIANHAIYAOSHOUXUDUOQITATIAOJIANDEZHIYUE,YINER“NEISHENG”YU“WAIWANG”BINGBUBIRANCHENGXIANWEIYINGUOGUANXI,JI“NEISHENG”WEIBINENG“WAIWANG”。LIRU,LIJIANHUARENWEI:“‘NEISHENG’SHIYIDAODELIXINGWEIQIANTIDE, QIANGDIAODAODEDEZIWOLILIANG; ER‘WAIWANG’ ZEYIZHENGZHILIXINGWEIQIANTI, QIANGDIAOZHENGZHIDEWAIZAILILIANG, ZHEIYANG‘NEISHENG’YU‘WAIWANG’ZHIJIANJIUQIANFUZHEZUGE。ERDANG‘WAIWANG’ZUOWEISHEHUIDAODESHIJIANDEGENBENMUDESHI, RUJIADEDAODELIXIANGJIUNANYIZIYUANQISHUO,SHENZHIYUSHEHUIDAODESHIJIANXIANGBEIERXING。”[4]38-41

                              棋牌大全下载安装   BIZHERENWEI,ZHEIZHONGGUANDIANJINJINCONGGEREN(HUOJUBU)DEJIAODULAIKAOCHARUJIADEDAODELILUN,ERHUSHILEQIZHENGTIJIANGOULUOJI。YIGESHEHUIDEHEXIEWENDINGSHIYUSHEHUIZHENGTIDAODESHUIPINGXIXIXIANGGUANDE,YINCI,SHEHUIDEHEXIELIBUKAIMEIYIGESHEHUICHENGYUANDENULI。ZAIRUJIAKANLAI,SHEHUICHENGYUANDEDAODEXIUYANGSHI“BEN”,ERSHEHUIZHILUANSHI“MO”,YINCI,《DAXUE》ZHONGSHUO“QIBENLUAN,ERMOZHIZHEFOUYI”。RUGUOMEIGECHENGYUANDOUNULITIGAOZISHENDAODEXIUYANG,ZHILIYU“NEISHENG”,ZESHEHUIDEHEXIEWENDING——“WAIWANG”——JIUSHIBIRANJIEGUO。CHENGRAN,JIUDANGESHEHUICHENGYUANERYAN,“NEISHENG”WEIBI“WAIWANG”;DANJIUSHEHUIZHENGTIERYAN,“NEISHENG”YU“WAIWANG”SHIYIZHONGYANGEDEYINGUOGUANXI,JI“NEISHENG”BIYOU“WAIWANG”, “WAIWANG”ZEBIXU“NEISHENG”。

                                CONG“NEISHENG”DAO“WAIWANG”JIUJINGRUHESHIXIANNI?《DAXUE》ZHONGSHUO:“……SHENXIUERHOUJIAQI,JIAQIERHOUGUOZHI,GUOZHIERHOUTIANXIAPING。”ZHEIDUANHUADEWANZHENGJIEDUYINGDANGSHI:YIGERENDADAOJIAOGAODEDAODEJINGJIEHOU(SHENXIU)JIUKEYIGANHUAQIJIAREN,CONGER“JIAQI”;RANHOUZHEIGEJIATINGJIUKEYIGANHUAQITAJIATING,CONGER“GUOZHI”;YICILEITUI,ZUIHOUDADAOZHENGGESHEHUIDEHEXIEWENDING,JI“PINGTIANXIA”。XIJIUZHEIDUANHUADELUOJI,BUNANFAXIANTAJIADING“RENDOUSHIKEYIGANHUADE”,JI:RENJIEYOUXIANGSHANZHIXIN。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   DAODEZUOWEIYIZHONGSHEHUIGUIFAN,QIBENZHISHANGSHIZILVDE。GUDAODELILIANGBIXUTONGGUOSHEHUIDAODEKAIMODEGANHUAERQIZUOYONG。BUJINJINSHIRUJIA,RENHEYIZHONGDAODELILUNDEJIANGOUDOUBIXUCHENGREN“RENJIEYOUXIANGSHANZHIXIN”ZHEIYIQIANTIJIASHE,FOUZEQIZAILUOJISHANGJIUWUFAZIYUANQISHUO。KANGDESHUO “MEIYOURENBUJUYOURENHEDAODEQINGGAN”,DAZHIXIANGDANGYUSHUORENJIEYOUXIANGSHANZHIXIN。

                                (二)社会道德楷模与统治者合而为一的社会理想

                                RUSHANGWENSUOSHU,DAODEDELILIANGBIXUTONGGUOSHEHUIDAODEKAIMODEGANHUAERQIZUOYONG,ERTONGZHIJIECENGZUOWEISHEHUIDAODEKAIMOLVXIANCHUIFANWUYIZUIYOULIYUFAHUIDAODEDEGANHUAZUOYONG。SHISHISHANG,RUJIADEDAODELILUNZHENGSHIRUCITUIJINDE。RUGUOSHUO“QIJIA”SHANGQIESHIMEIYIGEPUTONGRENDESHENGHUOMUBIAO,NEIME,“ZHIGUO”HE“PINGTIANXIA”ZEZHUYAOSHUYUTONGZHIJIECENGDEMUBIAO,PUTONGMINZHONGZHIDUODUICIFUYOUDAOYISHANGDEZEREN。ZHEIZHONGDAODELILUNDEGOUXIANGFANYINGRUJIAXIWANGTONGZHIZHEZAIDAODESHANGLVXIANCHUIFAN,TONGGUOSHENJIAOCONGERSHIXIANSHEHUIDAODEKAIMOYUTONGZHIZHELIANGZHONGJIAOSEHEERWEIYIDESHEHUIGONGXIAO。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   DANGSHEHUIDAODEKAIMOYUTONGZHIZHELIANGZHONGJIAOSEHEERWEIYISHI,ZUOWEITONGZHIJIECENGDESHEHUIZHILIZHINENGYUZUOWEIDAODEKAIMODEDAODEJIAOHUAZHINENGYEJIUHEERWEIYI。ZHEIJIUSHIKONGZISUOJIELIZHUZHANGDE“DEZHI”,QIHEXINSHIJUSHANGWEIZHELVXIANJIANXING“REN”YU“DE”YIGANHUAMINZHONG,CONGERDADAOSHEHUIWENDINGHEXIEYUZHANGZHIJIUAN。[5]50RUJIKANGZIWENZHENGYUKONGZI,KONGZIDUIYUE:“ZHENGZHE,ZHENGYE。ZISHUAIYIZHENG,SHUGANBUZHENG?”(《LUNYU·YANYUAN》)。ZILUWENZHENG,ZIYUE:“XIANZHI,LAOZHI。”QINGYI,YUE:“WUJUAN。”;ZIYUE:“QISHENZHENG,BULINGERXING;QISHENBUZHENG,SUILINGBUCONG。”;ZIYUE:“GOUZHENGQISHENYI,YUCONGZHENGHUHEYOU?BUNENGZHENGQISHEN,RUZHENGRENHE?”(《LUNYU·ZILU》)[6]128-145

                                DANGSHEHUIDAODEKAIMOYUTONGZHIZHELIANGZHONGJIAOSEHEERWEIYIDESHIHOU,TONGZHIZHEYUBEITONGZHIZHEDELIYIJIUSHIGAODUYIZHIDE。YINCI,RUJIADAODELILUNDEJIANGOUCHUZHONGBINGFEIWEIMOUYISHEHUIJIECENGFUWU,ERSHICHAOYUEJIECENGLIYIDE。HUOYOURENSHUO,JISHITONGZHIZHENENGGOUZIJUEJIANXINGDAODE,CONGERSHIXIANSHEHUIDAODEKAIMOYUTONGZHIZHEHEERWEIYI;DANSHIYOUYUTONGZHIZHEZHUIQIU“PINGTIANXIA”BUGUOSHIWEILEWEIHUZISHENTONGZHIHELIYI,YINERZHEIZHONGDAODESHIJIANYESHIXUWEIDE。DUICI,BIZHERENWEIYINGDANGHUANYIGEJIAODULAIKAN,“PINGTIANXIA”JISHEHUIDEHEXIEWENDINGGURANFUHETONGZHIJIECENGDELIYI,DANTAYETONGYANGSHIFUHEBEITONGZHIJIECENGDELIYIDE,YINCISHISHEHUIDEGONGTONGLIYISUOZAI。

                                (三)儒家理想人格的建构逻辑

                              棋牌大全下载安装   RUJIADELIXIANGRENGEHEXINSHI“RENZHIYONG”,KONGZICHENGZHIWEI“SANDADE”。KONGZIZHIHOU,MENGZIZAIRENYILIZHIWAIJIARU“ZHI”,CHENGWEISIDE;DONGZHONGSHUYOUJIARU“XIN”,GOUCHENG“RENYILIZHIXIN”,CHENGZHIWEI“WUCHANGZHIDAO”(《XIANLIANGDUICE》)。[7]52CONG“RENYILI”DAO“WUCHANG”,QIJINGSHENSHIZHIRENGRANSHI“RENZHIYONG”,SHIGENJU“RENZHIYONG”DECHUDEDAODEGUIFAN。

                                BIZHELIJIE,“REN”SHIYIYUAN,“ZHI”SHIPANDUANLI,“YONG”SHIZHIXINGLI。“REN”SHIXUANZEZUOYIGEHAOREN——JIKANGDESUOSHUO“SHANLIANGDEYIZHI”;“ZHI”SHIZHIDAORUHEZUOYIGEHAOREN;“YONG”SHIJIANCHIZUOYIGEHAOREN。RANER,KONGZIYOUJIANG“RENYILI”BINGCHENG, HEYIYOUZHEIZHONGBIANHUANI?ZHEISHIYINWEIKONGZIZHENGZHILIXIANGSHICONGMINZHONGZHONGTUIJUCHUDEXIANNENGTONGZHIZHE(“XUANXIANYUNENG”),QICISHIJUSHANGWEIZHELVXIANJIANXING“REN”,YIQIDEXINGGANHUAMINZHONG。YIFANGMIAN,JUSHANGWEIZHEYINGLVXIANCHUIFAN,DANSHILINGYIFANGMIANYEXUYAOZAIMINZHONGZHONGSHULICHONGSHANGDAODEDEFENGQI;SUOYIKONGZISHUO“YIZHEYIYE,ZUNXIANWEIDA”——“ZUNXIAN”JICHONGSHANGDAODE。ER“LI”ZESHIDUIRENHEYIDEJUTIGUIDING:“QINQINZHISHA,ZUNXIANZHIDENG,LISUOSHENGYAN。”KEJIAN,“RENZHIYONG”SHILIXIANGRENGEDELILUNCHANSHI,ER“RENYILI”WEIQISHIJIANGUIFAN。

                                YINGGAIZHICHU,RUJIADE“ZHONGYONG”BINGBUSHIHOUSHISUOLIJIEDESHIGUYUYUANHUA,“ZHONG”SHIZHI“LIXIANGDERENGE”,TONGSUDISHUOJIUSHI“SHOUBENFEN”,“YONG”SHIBAOCHI、HENGCHANGZHIYI,YINCI“ZHONGYONG”SHIZHI“BAOCHILIXIANGDEDAODERENGEZHUANGTAI(JIREN、ZHI、YONG)”。RUSHANGWENSUOSHU,RUJIADEDAODELILUNBAOHANLEYIZHONGSHEHUIZEREN。YINER“ZHONGYONGZHIDAO”BUJINJINSHIDUSHANQISHEN,“BENFEN”ZHIZHONGYEBAOKUOLESHEHUIZEREN。ERZHEIZHONGSHEHUIZERENYIGERENDEZHIWEI、NENGLIHESHIXIANMUDEZHIKENENGXING(BUZUOWUWEIDEXISHENG)DENGERDING。LIRUWENTIANXIANGZHIXUNGUO,YIQIZHIWEISHITADE“BENFEN”。SUIRANCIJUBINGBUNENGWANJIUNANSONG,DANYUSHEHUIDAODEJIAOHUAYOUJIJIYINGXIANG,SUOYIBUNENGSHUOSHIWUWEIDEXISHENG。ZHIYUDANGSHIDEPUTONGXIAOLI,QIXUNNANZEKENENGSHIWUWEIDEXISHENG。YINCI,YAOZHENGQUERENSHIZIJIDE“BENFEN”BINGJIANCHIZHI,QISHIYEBURONGYI。SUOYI《ZHONGYONG》SHUO“JUNZIYIZHONGYONG,DUNSHIBUJIANZHIERBUHUI,WEISHENGZHENENGZHI”。“SHOUBENFEN”YEBAOKUOLE “JIANYIYONGWEI”HEDANDANGTIANXIAXINGWANGZERENDEJINGSHEN。KEJIAN,“ZHONGYONG”BINGBUXIAOJI,ERSHIJIJUJIJIJINQUJINGSHENDE。 “SHOUBENFEN”YIWEIZHETONGGUOZHENGDANGDESHOUDUANZHUIQIUZISHENLIYI,ERZIWOFANSHENGZEBUHUIJIANGZISHENDEPINQIONGHUOBUZUCUOWUDIGUIJIUYUTARENHUOQITASHEHUIJIECENG。“SHOUBENFEN”HE“ZIWOFANSHENG”DESHIZHISHIDAODESHANGDEZILV,ZHIYOUBINGCHI“SHOUBENFEN”HE“ZIWOFANSHENG”DEJINGSHEN,SHEHUIGEJIECENGCAINENGHEXIEXIANGCHU。

                                二 儒家道德理论建构的三个原则

                                ZHICI,WOMENKEYIZONGJIECHURUJIADAODELILUNJIANGOUDESANGEYUANZE,ZHEISANGEYUANZEJUYOUPUSHIXING,SHIRENHEYIZHONGDAODELILUNJIANGOUZHONGBIXUYAOZUNXUNDE。1)DAODEDECHAOYUEXING。JIDAODELILUNDEGOUJIANBUYINGZHUANWEIMOUGEREN、MOUQUNTIHUOJIECENGFUWU,ERSHIYINGDANGZHIXIANGQUANSHEHUIDEGONGTONGLIYI;2) “RENJIEYOUXIANGSHANZHIXIN”。JIRENDOUSHIKEYIGANHUADE;3)DAODEDEZILVXING。JIBIERENWEIBEIDAODEDEXINGWEIBINGBUNENGCHENGWEIZIJIWEIBEIDAODEDELIYOU。

                                ZENMELIJIEZHEISANGEYUANZENI?DIYIGEYUANZESHIJIANLIQUANSHEHUIDUIYUDAODELIXIANGGONGSHIDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN;DIERGEYUANZESHIDAODELILIANGFAHUIZUOYONGDEJIZHI;DISANGEYUANZESHIDAODEZHIXUNENGGOUZIWOHUIFUDEBAOZHANG。ZHIYOUNENGGOUQUDEGONGSHI,NENGGOUQIDAOJINGHUASHEHUIDEZUOYONG,NENGGOUZIWOHUIFU,ZHEIYANGDEDAODELILUNCAIYOUPUSHIJIAZHI。

                                ZHEISANGEYUANZEYOUZHEMIQIEDENEIZAILUOJILIANXI,QIZHONG,DIYIGEYUANZESHIZHENGGEDAODELILUNDEJICHU:RUODIYIGEYUANZEBEIWEIBEI,ZEDIER、DISANYUANZEBIRANBUNENGCHENGLI。YIZHONGDAODELILUNZHIYOUCHAOYUEJIECENGLIYI,FUHEQUANSHEHUIDEGONGTONGLIYI,CAINENGHUODEQUANTISHEHUICHENGYUANDERENTONG。JIARUOTAZHIWEIMOUYIJIECENGDELIYIFUWU,ZEQIDUILIJIECENGBIANWUFARENTONG,CONGERZHEIYIJIECENGDECHENGYUANBIANWUFABEIZHEIZHONGDAODELILUNSUOGANHUA。YINCI,RUODIYIYUANZEBEIWEIBEI,ZE“RENDOUSHIKEYIGANHUADE”ZHEIYIJIASHEBIANWUFACHENGLI。

                                CONGLUOJISHANGSHUO,DISANYUANZEDEZUNXUN,YOULAIYUDUIDIERYUANZEDERENTONG。DANGSHEHUIZHONGCHUXIANWEIBEIDAODEDEXINGWEISHI,YIBANHUIYOUXIANGYINGDESHEHUICHENGYUANLIYISHOUSUN。RUGUOLIYISHOUSUNCHENGYUANJIANCHIDAODEZILV,ERBUSHIYIEZHIE,GENJUDIERYUANZE,WEIBEIDAODEDEYIFANGHUISHOUDAOGANHUAERGAIXIEGUIZHENG。YINCI,NENGFOUJIANCHIDAODEZILV,GUANJIANZAIYUNENGFOURENTONGDIERYUANZE。RUOLIYISHOUSUNZHEBUNENGRENTONGDIERYUANZE,ZETA(TA)JIANGRENWEIZHEILEISHIJIANHUICHANGTAIHUA,YINERYEHUIXUANZEBAIDEXINGWEI。

                                HENXIANRAN,RUODISANYUANZEBEIWEIBEI,ZERENMENQINGYUYIEZHIE、YIBAOZHIBAO,LILUNSHANGZHIYAOYOUYIWEISHEHUICHENGYUANWEIFANDAODE,ZHENGGESHEHUIDAODEZHIXUBIANHUITUBENGWAJIE。KONGZISHUO:“SHIZUOYONGZHE,QIWUHOUHU。”YINSHENKAILAI,YEKEYIJIESHIWEI:SHEHUIDAODEZHIXU(HUOZHIDU)DEBENGHUAIHUOJIZISUN,ZHEIXIEDIYIGEGANHUAISHIDE,ZENMEJIUBUTIZISUNHOUDAIXIANGYIXIANGNI?KEJIAN,DISANYUANZEFUYUSHEHUIDAODEZHIXUZIWOHUIFUDEGONGNENG,SHIWEIXISHEHUIDAODEZHIXUDEJISHI。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   XIAMIANSHIYILIANGZEXUNIANLISHUOMINGSANGEYUANZEDEGUANXI。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   LI1. YIKUAIWUZHUDEHUANGSHAN,YOUYIHURENJIA(JIA)YONGLAIFANGYANG。LINGYOUYIHURENJIA(YI)FEILEHENDUOLAODONGKAIKENLEYIKUAIDI。DANSHIXIANZAIWENTILAILE:JIADEYANGYUANSHISANYANGDE,XIANZAIYIKENHUANGHOU,JIADEYANGHUICHIYIDEZHUANGJIA。NEIME,SHIJIAYOUZERENKANHAOZIJIADEYANG;HAISHIYIYINGDANGJIZIJIDEDIKUAIXIUJIANLIBANI?

                                LI2. YITIAOCHUANZAIHAISHANGSHISHILE,XIANZAIBIXUBACHUANSHANGDERENRENGYIGEDAOHAILIYIJIANQINGFUDAN,FOUZEJIUHUICHENMEI,DAJIADOUDESI。NEIMERENGSHEINI?

                                ZHEILIANGLIZHONG,XIFANGLUNLIXUEDELUOJILUNZHENGJUNJIBULEHELIDEDAAN,DANANRUJIADAODELIXIANGDEGOUJIANYUANZEJIUKEYIJIEJUE。YILI1LAISHUO,RUGUOANZHAOXIFANGLUNLIXUE,ZESHIBIYAOZHAOYIZHONG“GONGZHENG”DEJIEJUEBANFA。WENTISHIRENHEZAIMOUYIFANGKANLAISHI“GONGZHENG”DEFANGAN,LINGYIFANGQUEHENKENENGRENWEIBUGONGZHENG。YINERSHUANGFANGSHIBICHANSHENGCHONGTU,SHEHUIHEXIEJIBEIPOHUAI。ZAIRUJIADAODELILUNJIANGOUZHONG,YONGQIANRANG、YIDEFURENDAITILEXIFANGLUNLIXUEZHONGDE“GONGZHENG”。YINCI,YIYINGDANGZIJIXIUJIANLIBAERBUSHIQUZHAOJIALILUN(“QIANRANG”XIDISANYUANZE“DAODEZILV”),RANHOU,JIAHUIBEIGANHUA(“YIDEFUREN”XIDIERYUANZE“RENDOUSHIKEYIBEIGANHUADE”),HUIZHUDONGBANGZHUYILAIXIUJIANLIBA。KEJIAN,RUJIADAODELILUNBINGBUWUDUANDIWEIMOUYIFANGDELIYIBIANHU,ERSHICHAOYUELIYIDEJISUAN(DIYIYUANZE“DAODECHAOYUELIYI”),TICHUSHUANGFANGDEXIANGCHUZHIDAO;RUGUOZHENZUNXUNZHEIZHONGXIANGCHUZHIDAO,QIJIEGUODUISHUANGFANGJUNYOULI。

                                ZAILI2ZHONG,CHUANSHANGZHIYAOYOUYIGEDAODEGAOSHANGDEREN,ZEHUIZHUDONGXISHENGZIJI;HUOZHEHUICHUXIANLINGYIZHONGQINGXING,CIRENJIANGYAOTIAOHAIDESHIHOU,QITARENBEIGANHUA,ZUIHOUSHIDUICHUANZHIHANGXINGZUIMEIYONGDENEIGERENZHUDONGXISHENG。JIARUCHUANSHANGZHIYOUYIGEDAODEGAOSHANGDEREN,QITARENDOUSHIZISIZILIDE。ZHEISIHUBUGONGPING,YINWEIDAODEGAOSHANGDERENXISHENGLEERZISIZILIDERENQUEHUOXIALAILE。DANCIRENYIZISHENDEXINGWEIJIAOYULEBIEREN,TISHENGLETARENDEDAODE,YINERZHEIZHONGXISHENGSHIYOUJIAZHIDE。ERQIE,HUANYIGEJIAODUKAN,TAZHIYOUZHUDONGXISHENGCAINENGTIXIANQIDAODEGAOSHANG,FOUZERUHERENDINGTASHIYIGEDAODEGAOSHANGDERENNI?——DAODEBUSHIKAOSHUODE,SHIYAOZUODE。ZAIJIARUCHUANSHANGSUOYOURENDOUSHIZISIZILIDE,WURENKENZHUDONGXISHENG,ZEJIEGUOSHIYIQIZOUXIANGMIEWANG。SHISHISHANG,SHEHUIDAODELUNSANGDEQUEKENENGDAOZHISHEHUIZHIXUQUANMIANBENGKUIHERENLEIDEMIEWANG——JINDAIYILAIYIYOUBUSHAOSIXIANGJIATICHUZHEIZHONGDANYOU。

                                三 儒家道德理论与社会道德实践的悖离

                              棋牌大全下载安装   “DADAOZHIXINGYE,TIANXIAWEIGONG。XUANXIANYUNENG,JIANGXINXIUMU,GURENBUDUQINQIQIN,BUDUZIQIZI,SHILAOYOUSUOZHONG,ZHUANGYOUSUOYONG,YOUYOUSUOZHANG,JINGUAGUDUFEIJIZHE,JIEYOUSUOYANG。NANYOUFEN,NVYOUGUI。HUOEQIQIYUDIYE,BUBIZANGYUJI;LIEQIBUCHUYUSHENYE,BUBIWEIJI。SHIGUMOUBIERBUXING,DAOQIELUANZEIERBUZUO,GUWAIHUERBUBI,SHIWEIDATONG。”KONGZIXINMUZHONGDELIXIANGSHEHUISHIYAOSHUNYUSHIDAIDEDATONGSHEHUI。ZAIZHEIGESHEHUIZHONG,TONGZHIZHEBENSHENSHIYOUMINZHONGTUIXUANCHULAIDE,QIDAODESHUIPINGSHITUIXUANDEDIYIBIAOZHUN,JI“XUANXIANYUNENG”。YINCI,TONGZHIZHERUYAOSHUNYU,QIBENSHENJISHISHEHUIDAODEKAIMO,ERZHESHITIANRANHEYIDE。RANER,ZAI“JIATIANXIA”SHIDAI,SHEHUIDAODEKAIMOYUTONGZHIZHELIANGZHONGJIAOSEHEERWEIYIJIUZHINENGZHIWANGTONGZHIZHEZIJUELVXIANJIANXING“REN”YU“DE”,ZHEIJIHUSHIBUKENENGDE。

                                HANDONGZHONGSHUTICHU“JUNWEICHENGANG,FUWEIZIGANG,FUWEIQIGANG”(JI“SANGANG”),YICIWEIBIAOZHI,KAISHILEDIZHITONGZHIJIEJIDUIKONGZIDAODELIXIANGDEQUJIE。ZHEIZHONGQUJIEZHUYAOTIXIANZAIERGEFANGMIAN:DIYI,JIANGJUNCHEN、FUQIGUANXIQIANGXINGBIFUYUFUZIGUANXI——ZHEIZHONGBIFUXIANRANSHIJIDUNIUQUHEBUHELUOJIDE。DIER,YOU“SANGANG”YANYICHUDEFENGJIANLIJIAOJIDARUOHUALETONGZHIJIECENGDEDAODEJIAOHUAZEREN,ERPIANMIANQIANGDIAOBEITONGZHIZHEDEZERENYUYIWU。WOMENKANERSHISIXIAODEGUSHI, “GEGUYIMU”ZHONG,YOUNAGEFUMUYUANYIZINVRUCIZICANNI?ER“GUOJUMAIER”ZEGENGSHIBIANTAI,GUOJUWEILEFENGYANGMUQINJINGRANZHUNBEIJIANGQIERZIMAILE。WOXIANGXINNEIWEINAINAININGYUANESIYEBUYUANYISHAHAIZIJIDESUNZIBA。KONGZICENGSHUO“FUMUWEIQIJIZHIYOU”,ZHEISHISHUOZINVYINGYIFUMUZHIYOUWEIYOU。DUIZHAOKONGZIDEGUANDIANLAIKAN,ZHEIZHONGYUXIAOSHIZESHI“BUXIAO”,SHENZHISHIFANRENLEIDE。HOUSHIYUYONGRUZHEGUCHUIZHEIZHONG“YUXIAO”DEYONGYIZAIYU“YIXIAOZUOZHONG”。YIN“YUXIAO”ERYOU“YUZHONG”,JILIYONGKONGZISUOTICHANGDE“XIAO”WEIDIZHITONGZHISUOYAOQIUDE“ZHONG”LAIBEISHU。YINWEIZHEIYIYUANGU,HANYIXIALIDAIWANGCHAOJUNBIAOBANGYI“XIAO”ZHITIANXIA。“JUNSHICHENYILI,CHENSHIJUNYIZHONG”,ZHENZHENGDE“ZHONG”SHIYOUTIAOJIANDE,BINGFEIWUTIAOJIANDE“YUZHONG”。ZAIKONGZIKANLAI,CHENDUIJUNDE“ZHONG”YIJUNZUNXUN“LI”WEIQIANTITIAOJIAN。ER“LI”ZHUYAOSHIDUIJUSHANGWEIZHEDEYUESHU——“LIBUXIASHUREN”。XIANRAN,DIZHISHIDAIZUOWEIGUANFANGYISHIXINGTAIDE“XIAO”YU“ZHONG”JUNYIWEIBEIKONGZIDEYUANYI。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIDIZHISHIDAI,RUJIADAODESIXIANGBEITONGZHIJIEJIWAIQUGAIZAO,CONGERXINGCHENGLESANGANGWUCHANGWEIZHUYAONEIRONGDEFENGJIANLIJIAO。YI“SANGANG”WEIHEXINDEFENGJIANLIJIAOSHIJISHANGYIJINGWEIBEILERUJIADAODELIXIANGGOUJIANDEDIYIYUANZE,CONGERYEWEIBEILERUJIADAODELILUNJIANGOUDECHUZHONG。“SANGANG”ZUOWEIDAODEGUIFANWUYISHIJIQIXUWEIHEHUANGMIUDE,QIBENZHISHANGSHIDIZHIDESIXIANGTONGZHIGONGJU。RANERWOMENBINGBUNENGYINCIERFOURENYUANSHIRUJIADAODELILUNDEHELIXING。YINGDANGKANDAO,RUJIADAODELIXIANGYUSHEHUIDAODESHIJIANDEBEILI,GENYUANBINGBUZAIYURUJIADAODELILUNDEJIANGOUCUOWU,ERSHI“JIATIANXIA”ZHEIZHONGSHEHUIGENBENZHIDUSHIRAN。

                                四 与西方伦理思想的比较分析

                                XIFANGLUNLIXUESHIGUANYU“ZIYOU”DEZHEXUE,ERZIYOUYOUSHIJIYULIXING。RENZHISUOYIWEIREN(QUBIEYUDONGWU),SHIYINWEITAYOULIXING,YINZHIKEYIBUQUCONGQIBENNENGYUWANGYIJIWAIZAIHUANJINGDENGYINSUERZUOCHUXUANZE——ZHEIJIUSHI“ZIYOUYIZHI”。YINCI,KEYISHUO,XIFANGLUNLIXUESHICONGRENDEBENZHI(JI“LIXING”)CHUFA,ZUNXUNYANJINDELUOJI,TUIDAOCHUZHURURENQUAN、ZIYOU、SHANDENGDAODEDEXING。WENTISHIGERENDELIXINGSHIYOUXIANDE,SUOYIXIFANGLUNLILILUNBUDEBUQIUZHUYUSHANGDI——WUXIANDELIXING。DANJIXUQILUOJITUIYAN,JIUHUIFAXIAN“SHANGDI”QISHIJIUSHIRENDELIXING(“SHENXING”)。BIZHERENWEI,ZHEISHIXUNHUANLUNZHENG。

                                JIUQIYUANYIN,ZHEIYISIXIANGTIXIHUSHILEYIGEWENTI:JIRENDEBENZHIBUJINZAIYU“LIXING”,TONGSHIYEZAIYUQISHEHUIXING。RENBUNENGTUOLISHEHUIERCUNZAI,GERENJIAZHIZUIZHONGYAOTIXIANWEISHEHUIJIAZHI,ZAIZHONGJIYIYISHANG,GERENJIAZHIYUSHEHUIJIAZHISHIHEERWEIYIDE。JULILAISHUO,KANGDERENWEIZHENZHENGDEZIYOUBEIRENWEISHIZHIRENZAIDAODESHIJIANYIYISHANGJUYOUBUSHOUZIRANLVSHUFU、BAITUOROUTIBENNENGERANZISHENLIFAXINGSHIDEZIYOUYIZHI。DANRUGUOHUSHIRENDESHEHUIXING,ZEWUFAQUANMIANRENSHI“ZISHENLIFA(FAZHISUOSHI)”——YINER,SUOWEI“ANZISHENLIFAXINGSHI”YEJIUQUEFASHIJIANZHIDAOYIYI。ZAIXIANSHIZHONG,GERENLIXINGRENGRANSHIQIZHUIQIUWUZHILIYIDEGONGJU,RENRENGRANSHOUWUYUSUOQUSHI,“ZIYOUYIZHI”YEJIUBUCUNZAI;HUOZHESHUO,ZIYOUJIUCHENGLEWUMUBIAODEZIYOUHUOJIYUCUOWUMUBIAODEZIYOU——DANGQIANXIFANGSHEHUIDEDAODEKUNJINGBUNENGSHUOYUCIWUGUAN。

                                YUXIFANGLUNLISIXIANGBUTONG,RUJIALUNLIDEJIANGOUJIYURENDESHEHUIXING。DATONGSHEHUIDEBENZHIZAIYUQIZHENGTIDAODESHUIPINGDADAOZHIGAO,KEJIAN,RUJIALUNLIDEHEXINGUANZHUZAIYUSHEHUIZHENGTIDAODESHUIPING。GERENDEDAODERENGEWANSHAN,ZUIZHONGYISHEHUIZHENGTIDAODEDETISHENGWEIMUBIAOYUGUIYI:XIUSHENQIJIAZUIZHONGSHIWEILE“PINGTIANXIA”。DUISHANEDEPANDUANYEYICIWEIZHUNZE。ZHENGYINWEIRUCI,RUJIALUNLIDEGOUJIANZHONGKEYIBUXUYAO“SHANGDI”LAIWEI“FAZHISUOSHI”TIGONGJUTINEIRONGHEPANDUANZHUNZE,JIYI“SHEHUIDAODESHUIPINGDETISHENG”WEI“ZIYOUYIZHI”DEMUDE。YUSHI,ZIYOUJIUYOULEXIANSHIDEMUBIAO,SHANEYOULEPANDUANZHUNZEERBUYILAIYU“SHANGDI”。

                                五 儒家道德理论对当代的启示

                                JINDAIZHONGGUODEXINWENHUAYUNDONGSHIZHONGGUOJINRUXIANDAISHEHUIDEYICISIXIANGQIMENG。TABENYINGDANGFANSIZONGJIEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGLUNLIWENHUA,YANGQIQIZAOPO,JICHENGHEFAYANGQIJINGHUA,XINGCHENGSHEHUIGONGSHI,CONGERWEIZHONGGUOJINRUXIANDAISHEHUIDIANDINGSIXIANGJICHU。DANSHIFEICHANGYIHANDESHI,DANGSHIZHONGGUONEIWAIJIAOKUN,SHEHUIXINTAIYANZHONGSHIHENG,ZHULIUYIJIANJIANGJINDAIZHONGGUOSHUAILUOGUIJIUYUCHUANTONGLUNLI,DUIRUJIALUNLISIXIANGJINXINGLEQUANPANFOUDING,WEINENGDUIZHIJINXINGKEGUANLIZHIDIPINGJIA。XUYAOCHENGQINGDESHI,BINGBUSHIRUJIASIXIANGDAOZHILEWENDINGDEDIZHITONGZHI;ERSHIFENGJIANDIZHIDUIYUANSHIRUJIAJINXINGLEGAIZAO,CONGERXINGCHENG“JIAGUOTONGGOUDECHAOWENDINGJIEGOU”。YINCI,JIANGJINDAIZHONGGUOSHUAILUOGUIJIUYUCHUANTONGLUNLISHIHAOWUDAOLIDE。XINWENHUAYUNDONGQIAQIAZAIZHEIYIWENTIDAOYINWEIGUO。XINWENHUAYUNDONGDEZHEIYICUOWUYIZHIWEINENGCHEDIQINGSUANYUJIUZHENG,SHIZHIJINTIAN,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIDUIYUCHUANTONGRUJIALUNLIDEPINGJIARENGRANGEZHIYIDUAN,YANZHONGQUEFASHEHUIGONGSHI,YINCIYETANBUSHANGJICHENGHEFAYANGYOUXIUDECHUANTONGLUNLIWENHUA。ZHEISHIDANGDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIDAODEKUNJINGDEGENYUANZHIYI。

                                CIWAI,JINDAIZHONGGUOSHENSHOUXIFANGGEZHONGXUESHUSICHAODEYINGXIANG,DANGQIANDESHEHUIZHILIZHONGPUBIANZHONGZHIDU、QINGDAODE。ERJINDAIXIFANGFAZHANQILAIDEZHONGZHONGSHEHUILILUN,JUEDADUOSHIJIYULIYIFENXI,QIANGDIAOYIZHIDUSHOUDUANXIEDIAOSHEHUIJIECENGZHIJIANDELIYICHONGTU;ZHEILEILILUNDANGRANYOUQIHELIDEYIMIAN,DANSHIJUNHUSHILEDAODESHIZHIDUZHIXINGDEJICHU,DANGZHENGTISHEHUIDAODESHUIPINGDIXIASHI,JUEDADUOSHUZHIDUDOUHUISHIXIAO。

                                SHANGSHULIANGFANGMIANGOUCHENGLEDANGDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIDAODEHUAPODEZHUYAOYUANYIN。JINGGUODUIRUJIADAODELIXIANGDEQUANMIANPIPANHOU,ZHONGGUOSHEHUICENGYOUGUOZHONGJIANDAODELUNLIDEZHONGZHONGCHANGSHI。DANQIZHIDAOSIXIANGSHENSHOUJIEJILILUNDEYINGXIANG,YINERRENGRANSHIJIYULIYIFENXIDE。ZHEIJIUSHIDEXINDAODELILUNDEJIANGOUWEIBEILEDAODELIXIANGGOUJIANDEDIYIYUANZE;DIYIYUANZEJIBEIWEIBEI,ZEDIER、DISANYUANZEYEBUKENENGCHENGLI。ZHEISHIXINDAODELILUNWUFASHENRURENXINDEGENBENYUANYINSUOZAI。YILEIFENGWEILI,LEIFENGKENENGSHIXINZHONGGUOSHULIDAODEKAIMODECHANGSHIZHONGZUICHENGGONGDEYIGE。RANERZAIDANGSHIDEZHENGZHIBEIJINGXIA,GUANFANGXUANCHUANZHONGBUJINXUANYANGLEIFENGSHANXING,TONGSHIYOUTUCHUQIJIEJIXING,ZHEISHIDEQIZUOWEIDAODEKAIMODEJIAZHIDADAZHEKOU。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   ERRUJIACONGYIKAISHIJIUZHUYIDAOGERENDAODEDUITARENDEGANHUAZUOYONG:“JUNZIZHIDEFENG,XIAORENZHIDECAO。”QIZHONGSHIGERENDAODEZHUIQIUDUIZHENGGESHEHUIDAODESHUIPINGDETISHENG,NAIZHIDUISHEHUIDEHEXIEWENDINGDOUYOUJIJIYIYI。ZAIRUJIADAODELILUNZHONGHENSHAOSHEJI“GONGZHENG”MINGTI,TASHIJISHANGSHIYIQIANRANG、YIDEFURENDAITILEXIFANGLUNLIXUEZHONGDE“GONGZHENG”。BIZHERENWEIZHEIZHENGSHIRUJIADAODELILUNDEYOUYUEZHICHU。SHISHISHANG,“RENZHISUOYIWEIREN”YEKEYICONGRENDESHEHUIXINGZHONGQUXUNZHAO——ZHISHAOZHEISHIYIGEBUKEHUSHIDEFANGMIAN。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   ZAISHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONG,XIJINPINGTONGZHIQIANGDIAO:“WENHUASHIYIGEGUOJIA、YIGEMINZUDELINGHUN。WENHUAXINGGUOYUNXING,WENHUAQIANGMINZUQIANG。MEIYOUGAODUDEWENHUAZIXIN,MEIYOUWENHUADEFANRONGXINGSHENG,JIUMEIYOUZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXING。”DUIRUJIALUNLIDECUOWURENSHI,QISIXIANGGENYUANZAIYUQUEFAWENHUAZIXIN。SHISHISHANG,RUJIADAODELILUNDEJIANGOULUOJIDUIYUDANGDAIDAODELILUNGOUJIANSHIJIANJUYOUJIQIZHONGYAODEJIEJIANYIYI。CHULEWEIFENGJIANDIZHITONGZHIFUWUDEBUFENZHIWAI,RUJIALUNLITIXIZAIZHENGTISHANGRENGRANSHIJUYOUJIJIYIYIDE,SHISHEHUIBIXUYINERJUYOUPUSHIJIAZHI。QIZHONGZUIZHIDEKENDINGDESHIQI“SHOUBENFEN”HE“NEISHENG”JINGSHEN,RUJIASUOWEIDE“ZHONGYONGZHIDAO”DATISHANGJIUBAOKUOZHEILIANGGENEIRONG。

                                ZUIHOU,BIZHERENWEI,TICHUFENGJIANLIJIAODUIRUJIADAODELILUNDEWAIQUBUFEN,HUIFUKONGZIDERUJIADAODELILUNDEBENLAIMIANMU,SHIBAITUODANGDAISHEHUIDAODEKUNJINGDEZHONGYAOTUJING。

                                参考文献

                                [1] 亚里士多德.尼各马可伦理学[M].邓安庆译.北京:人民出版社.2010.
                                [2] (德)康德.道德形而上学原理[M].苗力田译.上海:上海人民出版社,1986.
                                [3] (德)康德.实践理性批判[M] .韩水法译.北京:商务印书馆,1999:96.
                                [4] 李建华.儒家道德理想设计与社会道德实践的悖离[J].湘潭大学学报(哲学社会科学版),1998(2):38-41.
                                [5] 刘湘溶,易学尧.论孔孟儒家伦理精神的基本特质[J].伦理学研究.2019(2):49-53.
                                [6] 朱熹.四书集注[M].王浩整理.南京:凤凰出版社,2016.
                              棋牌大全下载安装   [7] 王永祥.董仲舒评传[M].南京:南京大学出版社.1995.

                              联系我们
                              • 写作QQ:
                              • 发表QQ:
                              • 服务电话:
                              • 售后电话:
                              • 邮箱:
                              范文范例

                              靠谱的棋牌---首页_Welcome 百灵拼三张-Welcome 蓝洞棋牌官网送3金币---首页_Welcome 035棋牌手游官网 聚友棋牌官网下载安装-首页