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                        当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 胡适“不争主义”哲学观探析

                        胡适“不争主义”哲学观探析

                        时间:2018-12-23 10:50作者:韦黄丹
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于胡适“不争主义”哲学观探析的文章,子通主编的《胡适评说八十年》从各个角度展示了他人眼中的胡适:有朋友们的怀念,有论敌的批评、“围剿”,还有对胡适生平事迹的考证与历史评价。

                          摘    要: 胡适是影响中国现代思想文化进程的一代宗师,但是关于其人与其文的早期评价存在不少问题,直到20世纪80年代,“重评胡适”才逐渐成为显学。子通主编的《胡适评说八十年》是其中重要的成果之一,它展现了胡适思想中一个被忽视的重要方面,即“不争主义”。通过分析胡适“不争主义”思想的形成及影响来重新认识胡适,发现他何以能够不受家庭、学界、社会的纷争所扰而潜心投入到文化与教育事业中,为后人留下丰厚的精神文化遗产。

                          关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 胡适; 不争主义; 自由; 《胡适评说八十年》;

                          Abstract:  Hu Shi was a great master who has influenced the process of modern Chinese ideology and culture,but there are many problems in the early evaluation of him the person and his writing.It was not until the 1980 s that “reevaluating Hu Shi” gradually became a prominent study.Comments on Hu Shi in His Eighty Years edited by Zi Tong is one of the important achievements,which shows a neglected important aspect of Hu Shi's thought,i.e.“no-disputism”.By analyzing the formation and influence of Hu Shi's thought of “no-disputism” so as to re-understand him,the writer of this paper finds out the reason why he could devote himself to the cause of culture and education without being disturbed by family,academic and social disputes so that he left a rich spiritual and cultural heritage to future generations.He did not care about fame and reputation at that time,which is where his wisdom lies.

                          Keyword:棋牌大全下载安装 Hu Shi; no-disputism; liberty; Comments on Hu Shi in His Eighty Years;

                          子通主编的《胡适评说八十年》从各个角度展示了他人眼中的胡适:有朋友们的怀念,有论敌的批评、“围剿”,还有对胡适生平事迹的考证与历史评价。对于胡适在学术研究方面的成就及评价,众人各执一词,但对他的为人品行,鲜有异词。季羡林说胡适“最难能可贵的是,他待人亲切和蔼,见什么人都是笑容满面,对教授是这样,对学生是这样,对工友也是这样。从来没见过他摆当时颇为流行的名人架子、教授架子”[1]56。温源宁说:“在大多数人眼中,他(胡适)是老大哥。大家都认为他和蔼可亲,招人喜欢,甚至他的死敌也这样看。”[1]22梁实秋认为“胡先生的人品,比他的才学,更令人钦佩”[1]92。连政见立场相反的千家驹也赞胡适“虽名满天下,但他一点不摆架子,他是很有人情味的”[1]71。因而胡适在早年拥有“我的朋友胡适之”的美誉,受到人们的敬重与爱戴。其实,胡适之所以拥有磁铁一般吸引人的品格魅力,很大程度上源自他的“不争主义”思想。
                         

                        胡适“不争主义”哲学观探析
                         

                          

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                        棋牌大全下载安装   WOMENCHANGCHANGZHEIYANGCHAOZUI——MEIHUICHAOGUOYEJIUHAOLE。

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                          XIAZHIQINGRENWEIZHEISHOUSHIXIECHUHUSHIFUFU“JINGSHENSHANGHAOWUMOQI”YUFUQIBUHEDEYOUCHOU。QISHI,ZHEISHOUQINGSHIZHONGDE“GANSHE”“NAO”“NAO”“CHAOZUI”ZHEILEIKANSILINGRENBUYUEDECIHUIFANERLIULUCHUBOSHIYUXIAOJIAOTAITAITESHUDEXIANGCHUFANGSHI,QIZHONGBAOHANZHEDUIBICIDEGUANAIYUSHENQING。HUSHIZUOWEI“WUSI”XINWENHUAYUNDONGDEXIANQU,ZHISUOYIBUZHENGQULIANAIZIYOU,SHIYINWEITAKANDAOCHUANTONGHUNYINZHONGHEHURENQINGDEYIMIAN。ZAI1914NIAN1YUE27RIDELIUXUERIJIZHONG,HUSHIWEIJIUSHIHUNSUBIANHUDAO:“WUGUOJIUHUNZHISHINENGZUNZHONGNVZIZHIRENGE。NVZIBUBIZIJIXIANGZEOUSHICHANGQIUXUANMAI,YIBUBIQIUGONGMEIRENYUEJIZHISHU……XIFANGHUNYINZHIAIQINGSHIZIZAODE(Self-made),ZHONGGUOHUNYINZHIAIQINGSHIMINGFENSUOZAODE(Duty-made)。DINGHUNZHIHOU,NVZIDUIWEIHUNFUZIYOUTESHUROUQING……JIJIEHUNSHI,FUQIJIEZHIQIYOUXIANGAIZHIYIWU,GUWANGWANGNENGHUXIANGTIXU,HUXIANGTITIE,YIQIUXIANGAI。XIANGZHIJIYUXIANGXIANG,GENYUMINGFENZHE,JINWEISHIJIZHIXUYAO,YIWANGWANGNENGZHANGCHENGWEIZHENSHIZHIAIQING。”[4]262ZHEIZHENGSHIDABOSHIHUSHINENGYUXIAOJIAOJIANGDONGXIUXIANGSHOUYISHENGDESIXIANGGENYUAN。RANER,JIANGDONGXIUDEPIQIBINGBUHAO,YOUYIHUIHAIDANGZHEWAIRENDEMIANDUIZHANGFUFAHUO,HUSHIDANGCHANGBINGWEIYUQIZIZHENGCHAO,RENLESHITIANZHIHOUCAIJIJIANGDONGXIUXIEXINDAO:“WEILEWOTIZHIMO、XIAOMANZUOMEIDESHI,NIYIJINGCHAOLEJIHUILE。NIWEISHENMEDAOLEWOLINZOUDEXIABANTIANHAIYAOJIAOXUNWO,HAIYAODANGLEWEICI、MENGLUDEMIANJIWOBUHAOGUO?NIDANGLETAMENMIANQIANSHUO,WOYAOZUOZHEIGEMEI,WODAOLEJIEHUNDETAISHANG,NITUODOUYAOBAWOTUOXIALAI。WOTINGLEZHEIHUA,ZHIZHUANGZUOMEIYOUTINGJIAN,WOMIANBUGAISE,BABIEDEHUACHAKAIQU。DANWOXINLIHENBUHAOGUO。WOSHIZHIDAONIDEPIQIDE;WOSHIDADINGZHUYIZHEIHUIZAIJIAJUEBUTONGNICHAODE。DANWOZHEIHUICHUYUANMEN,YAOZOUJIWANLILU,DANGTIANJIUYAOZOULE,NIBUNENGRENYIRENMA?WEISHENMEYIDINGYAOJIAOWOLINCHUGUOHAIYAODAIZHEZHEIYANGBUHAOGUODEYINGXIANGZOUNI?WOBUYUANBAZHEIJIANSHIZHANGJIZAIXINLI,SUOYIXIANZAIDUINISHUOKAILE,JIUSUANWANLE。NIBUGUAIWOSHUOZHEIHUAMA?”[13]492-493LINGWAI,HUSHIDE“BUZHENGZHUYI”BINGBUYIWEIZHEYAOBAIYIBAISHUN、BUBIANSHIFEIDISHISHIQIANJIU,ERSHIZAIBAOZHENGBUHUICHANSHENGCHONGTUDEQIANTIXIAYIGULIHUOJIANYIDEFANGSHIQUGANHUAJIANGDONGXIU,BANGZHUTAGAIDIAOYIXIEJIUXI。BIRUGULIQIZIKANSHUSHIZI,ZHEISHIHUSHIYUQIZIZAOQIDETONGXINZHONGZUICHANGTIJIDESHIQING[13]30;YOURUJIANYIJIANGDONGXIUFANGZU,ZAOZAIJIANGDONGXIUWEIJIARUHUJIAZHIQIAN,HUSHIBIANXIEXINJITASHUO:“QIANDEJIAMULAIXIN,ZHIXIANZIYIKENJIANGLIANGJIAOFANGDA,WENZHISHENXI。WANGZHUJIANFANGDA,BUKEZAIGUOXIAO。CHANZUNAISHIWUGUOZUICANKUBURENZHIFENGSU,BUJIUZHONGDANGJINJUE。XIANZIWEIHUSHIZHIZHIFU,ZHENGYIWEIYIXIANGSHOUCHANG。”[13]61HUSHIHAIHUIHENKEQIDITIXINGTAITAIBUYAOCHENNIYUDAPAIYULEERSHUHUJIATINGZHIZEYUGERENXIUYANGDETISHENG,TAZAI1938NIAN5YUE5RIZHIQIZIDEXINZHONGSHUO:“WOPANWANGNIBUYAODUODAPAI。DIYI,YINWEIDAPAIZUISHANGSHEN,NIDESHENTIBINGBUSHINEIMEJIESHI,BUYAODAPAITAIDUO。DIER,WOPANWANGNINENGYOUDUOYIDIANSHIHOUZAIJIAZHAOGUANERZI;XIAOERZIYOUYIXIEHUAIXIQI,WOPOBUFANGXIN,SUOYIYAONIDUOZAIJIAZHAOGUANERZI。DISAN,ZHEIGESHIHOUJIUJINGBUSHIZHENGTIANDAPAIDESHIHOU,SUIRANBUNENGZUOSHENMESHI,YEYINGGAIMAIDIANSHUKANKAN,XIEXIEZI,DUOZUODIANXIUYANGDESHI。”[14]364ZONGERYANZHI,HUSHIDE“BUZHENGZHUYI”SIXIANGMIBULETAYUJIANGDONGXIUZHIJIANDEZHONGZHONGCHAJU,ZAIWUFAZIZHUDEHUNYINZHONGHUODELINGYIZHONGZIYOU——“ZIYOUYIWUQINTARENZHIZIYOUWEIJIE”[4]535。HUSHIZAI《BINGZHONGDEDONGXIUSHU》YISHIZHONGSUOXIEDAO:

                        棋牌大全下载安装   BINGZHONGDETASHU,BUMANBAXINGZHI,QUANWUYAOJINHUA,POSHIWOHUANXI。

                          WOBURENDETA,TABURENDEWO,WOZONGCHANGNIANTA,ZHEISHIWEISHENME?……

                        棋牌大全下载安装   QIBUAIZIYOU?CIYIWURENXIAO:QINGYUANBUZIYOU,YESHIZIYOULE。[8]60-61

                        棋牌大全下载安装   SHIJISHANG,HUSHIDUIHUNYINDE“BUZHENG”SHILVXINGJIATINGZERENZHIHOUDEXINANLIDE,SHIYI“QINGYUANBUZIYOU,YESHIZIYOULE”WEIXINLIZIZU。

                          ZAIXUESHUSHANG,HUSHIDE“BUZHENG”BIAOXIANWEIBUPIANJI,BUYAZHIREN,ERSHIYILIFUREN。“WUSI”SHIQITONGYANGSHITICHANGXINWENXUE,FANDUIJIUWENXUE,CHENDUXIUDE《WENXUEGEMINGLUN》TICHANG“WENXUEGEMING”,JUYOU“BURONGTARENZHIKUANGZHENG”DEQIANGYINGGAN,BIAOXIANCHUYUSHOUJIUWENRENYIZHENGDAODIDEJUEXIN;ERHUSHIXIE《WENXUEGAILIANGCHUYI》LAIZHUZHANG“WENXUEGAILIANG”,SUOWEI“CHUYI”ZEHANYOURONGXUTARENJIUCIWENTITICHUBUTONGYIJIANDEYISI。XUJIZAI《NIANRENYISHI》TONGGUOCHENDUXIUYUHUSHIDUIXINWENXUETAIDUSHANGDEBUTONG,SHUOMINGHUSHIXINGGESHANGDE“MAODUNYUTUOXIE”DEYIMIAN。RANER,HUANGEJIAODULAIKAN,HUSHIDEZHEIZHONG“TUOXIE”ZHENGSHIBUYIZHENGZHILAIJUEDINGZHENLIDE。XINSHIWUZAIXINGCHENGZHICHUBENLAIJIUBIJIAOYOUZHI,RUGUOMEIGERENDOUXIANGCHENDUXIUNEIBANBUQINGTINGTARENDEPINGYIDEHUA,XINSHIWUBIANHENNANBAITUOZHINENZOUXIANGCHENGSHU。HUSHITICHUXINWENXUEDE“BABUZHUYI”ZHENGSHIZHONGRENDETAOLUNGENGJIAWANSHAN。HUSHIHENSHANZHANGFAXIANWENTI,DANBUSHAOWENTILIANTAZIJIDOUZHAOBUDAOJIEJUEDEFANGFA,JINSHENDETADUIMEIYOUBAWODENANTIWANGWANGCUNERBULUN。HUANYANZHI,TAYOUSHIZHIPAOCHUWENTIZIJIBINGBUJIEDA,ERSHIJIFAYOUNENGLIJIEJUEWENTIDERENLAITAOLUN,ZIJITUIERBUZHENG,QUECHONGFENDITINGQUTARENDELUNZHENG,ZAIBIYAOSHICAICANYUTAOLUN。TADEZHEIZHONG“BUZHENG”QISHISHIYIZHONGKEXUEDETAIDU,RUKAER·BOPUER(Karl Popper)SUOYAN:“NIKENENGSHIZHENGQUEDE,WOKENENGSHICUOWUDE;JISHIWOMENDEPIPINGXINGTAOLUNBUNENGSHIWOMENMINGQUEJUEDINGSHEISHIZHENGQUEDE,WOMENRENGHUIXIWANGZAITAOLUNHOUDUISHIWUKANDEGENGQINGCHU。WOMENDOUKEYIHUXIANGXUEXI,ZHIYAOWOMENBUWANGJI,ZHENZHENGZHONGYAODEBUSHISHEIZHENGQUE,ERSHIWOMENGENGJIEJINZHENLI。BIJING,WOMENDOUZAIZIZIYIQIUDESHIKEGUANZHENLI。”[15]LIANGSHUMINGZAI《JINGYIQINGJIAOHUSHIZHIXIANSHENG》DEXINZHONGZHIYIHUSHIDEGAIGEFANGAN,ZHIYANRUOHUSHIZHAOBUDAOZHONGGUOSHEHUIDEGAIGEFANGAN,BIANDAKEBIZUIMOZAITANLUNGEMINGWENTI。HUSHIMEIYOUZHIJIEYULIANGSHIZHENGZHI,ERSHIXIANJINXINGZIWOFANSI,ZAITAMEIYOUBANFAMINGQUEZHICHUZHONGGUOYINGGAIHEQUHECONGDESHIHOU,TAYIJIUZHIPAOCHUWENTILAIYINQIZHONGRENDEZHONGSHI,BINGTONGGUOZHONGRENDEZHIHUIYIQIXUNZHAOJIEJUETUJING。YOUCIHUSHIXINGCHENG“DANKAIFENGQIBUWEISHI”DECHUSHIZHIDAO,ERZHEIZHONG“BUWEISHI”DE“BUZHENGZHUYI”FANERNENGQIDAOJIFAXUESHENGQIANNENGYUSIKAONENGLIDEJUDAGONGXIAO。

                        棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIDAOJIASIXIANGZHONG,“BUZHENG”SHIYIZHONG“SHU”,TASHIFOUHUICHANSHENGFUMIANYINGXIANG,DUANLAISHIYONGCISHUZHEDECUNXIN、MUDEYULIANGZHI[16]。HUSHIYUZHOUZUORENDOUCENGZHUZHANGGUO“BUZHENGZHUYI”,DANYINWEIERRENDEMINZUJIEQIBUYIYANG,SUOYI“BUZHENG”DEJIEGUOYEBUYIYANG。XIANRAN,QIANZHESHILIXINGDEAIGUOZHUYI,ERHOUZHEZESHIZISIDETOUJIANGZHUYI。HUSHIZAI《JIJIBEIPINGDEYIGEPENGYOU》ZHONGXIEDAO:

                          ZANGHUIXIANSHENGZUOYEZUOYIMENG,MENGJIANKUYUANZHONGCHICHADELAOSENG,HURANFANGXIACHAZHONGCHUMENQU,PIAOXIAOYIZHANGTIANNANXING。

                        棋牌大全下载安装   TIANNANWANLIQIBUTAIXINKU?ZHIWEIZHIZHESHIDEZHONGYUQING。

                        棋牌大全下载安装   ——XINGLAIWOZIPIYIKAICHUANGZUO,SHEIRENZHIWOCISHIYIDIANXIANGSIQING![14]400

                        棋牌大全下载安装   CISHISHIHUSHIQUANZHOUZUORENBUYAOTOUJIANGDANGHANJIANDESHI,YETIXIANLEHUSHIZUNXUN“ZHIZHESHIDEZHONGYUQING”DEGAOSHANGQINGCAO。

                          三

                          HUSHIYOUWEITUICHONGLAOZIDE“BUZHENGZHUYI”,CHANGYI“BUZHENG,GUTIANXIAMONENGYUZHIZHENG”ZIMIAN。LAOZICHANGYI“SHUI”LAIYU“BUZHENG”,《LAOZI》LIUSHILIUZHANGYOUYAN:“JIANGHAISUOYINENGWEIBAIGUWANGZHE,YIQISHANXIAZHI,GUNENGWEIBAIGUWANG。SHIYIYUSHANGMIN,BIYIYANXIAZHI;YUXIANMIN,BIYISHENHOUZHI。SHIYISHENGRENCHUSHANGERMINBUZHONG,CHUQIANERMINBUHAI,SHIYITIANXIALETUIERBUYAN。YIQIBUZHENG,GUTIANXIAMONENGYUZHIZHENG。”[17]175YOU《LAOZI》BAZHANGYUE:“SHANGSHANRUOSHUI。SHUISHANLIWANWUERBUZHENG,CHUZHONGRENZHISUOE,GUJIYUDAO。JUSHANDI,XINSHANYUAN,YUSHANREN,YANSHANXIN,ZHENGSHANZHI,SHISHANNENG,DONGSHANSHI。FUWEIBUZHENG,GUWUYOU。”[17]22JIANGHEWEIWANWUTIGONGSHENGMINGDETIAOJIAN,QUECONGBUZHENGSHANGYOUERZIYUANLIUXIANGRENRENSUOYANEDEXIALIUZHIYU,YEZHENGYINQIQIANBEIBUZHENG,SUOYICAINENGRONGNABAICHUAN,CHENGWEIBAIGUZHIWANG。HUSHIKESHOUQIFUDEJIAOHUI,“MINMIANYUXUE,SHOUDAOWUSHI”“YIQIZUOSHENG”,ZAIGUOLUANDANGTOUZHIJINENGCHENXINJINGQIDIXUEXIXINZHI。TAXUESHIYUANBO,QUECONGBUBAIJIAOSHOUGAOGAOZAISHANGDEJIAZI,CONGBUYURENZHENGYIGUANBANZHI,QUEDUOCISHOUZHONGRENXINLAIWEIYIZHONGREN。LIUMEISHIBEITUIJUWEI“SHIJIEXUESHENGHUI”ZHUXI,GUIGUOHOUCENGRENZHONGGUOGONGXUEXIAOZHANG、BEIDAWENXUEYUANYUANZHANG、BEIDAXIAOZHANG,ERHOURENZHUMEIGUODASHI、TAIWANZHONGYANGYANJIUYUANYUANZHANG。HUSHIYI“SHUI”DEQIANBEI“BUZHENG”ZIJU,HUANLAI“BAIGUZHIWANG”DEMEIYU。HUSHIBUJINZHENGDELEZHONGRENDEAIDAIYUSHIZHANCAIHUABAOFUDEWUTAI,YESHITATINGZHULEYIQIEHENGNI。

                          KEYISHUOZHONGGUODEXIANDAIWENXUESHIZAIGESHIGEYANGDELUNZHANZHONGFAZHANQILAIDE,HUSHIHENSHAOYURENZHENGLUN,DANWULUNZHENGBIANZHISHENGYOUDUOGAO,DOUWUFAYANMEITATICHANGBAIHUAWENYUNDONGDESHENGYIN。MIANDUIBAOSHOUPAIDEGONGJI,HUSHICONGZHONGXIWENHUADEFAZHANZHANGHEZHONGZHAOZHENGJU、BAILISHI、MINGSHILI,CONGBUZUOWULIDEZHENGBIAN。ZUIHOUBIDELINQINNANWULIKEZHENG,BUDEBUTONGGUOXIEXIAOSHUOLAIFENGCIMANMAYITONG,FANDUIDEGONGSHIZAILIKUICIQIONGXIABUGONGZIPO。ZHEISHIHUSHIDEGAOMINGZHICHU,ZIJIBUZHENG,RENPINGDUIFANGZAIZHENGBIANZHONGZILUPOZHAN。SIXIANGZHENGLUNYIDANSHIKONGBIANJIYIBIANWEIRENSHENGONGJIDERUMA,HUSHIHENLIXING,TACONGBUCANYUZHEILEILUNZHENG。GULUXUNYUCHENYUAN、XUZHIMO、LIANGSHIQIUDENGRENDE“BIZHAN”KAIZHANDERUHUORUTUSHI,HUSHIFEIDANBUCANYU,HAIXIEXINQUANLUXUNBUYAOBAYOUXIANDESHENGMINGLANGFEIZAIWUYIYIDEZHENGLUNZHIZHONG。TAYU1926NIAN5YUE24RIZAIZHILUXUN、ZHOUZUORENYUCHENYUANDEXINZHONGXIEDAO:“NIMENSANWEIDOUSHIWOHENJINGAIDEPENGYOU;SUOYIWOGANJUEWOMENSANWEIZHEIBAJIUGEYUEDESHENCHOUYESIDEBIZHANSHIPENGYOUZHONGZUIKEWANXIDESHI……WOSHIYIGEAIZIYOUDEREN——SUIRANBIERENYEXUCHAOXIAOZIYOUZHUYISHI19SHIJIDEYIJI——WOZUIPADESHIYIGECAIYI、LENGKU、BURONGRENDESHEHUI。WOSHENSHENDIGANJUENIMENDEBIZHANLISHUANGFANGDOUHANYOUYIDIANBURONGRENDETAIDU,SUOYIBUZHIBUJUEDIYINGXIANGLEBUSHAODESHAONIANPENGYOU,ANSHITAMENCHAOZHELENGKU、BURONGRENDEFANGXIANGZOU!”[13]486-487CONGHUSHIDE“QUANJIA”ZHONGKEYIKANCHUTAYONGYOUWENGUDEZIWORENTONG,YINWEIYIGERENRUGUO“QUEFAYIZHONGWENGUDEZIWORENTONG”,NEIME“TADECUNZAIYIYIZHIZAIYUBUDUANDIDIANFUTAREN”[18]。

                          HUSHIDE“BUZHENGZHUYI”SIXIANGRANGTAJUYOUYIZHONGZIWOKONGZHIDEMEIDE,CONGERHUODEFEIFANDEKANGYALILIANG。RUYADANG·SIMI(Adam Smith)SUOYAN:“KUANHONGDALIANGZHEIZHONGCHONGGAODEMEIDE,HAOWUYIWENXUYAOGENGGAOCHENGDUDEZIWOKONGZHI,TAYUANFEIFANRENDEFEIBOLILIANGSUONENGZUODAO。”[19]

                          ZONGZHI,SUIZHESHIDAIDETUIJIN,DANGHUSHIDEDIZI(TANGDEGANG、LUOERGANGDENG)、PENGYOU(CHENYINKEDENG)YIJIHOUSHIDEXUEZHE(YUSHIYING、SHENWEIWEIDENG)KEYIJIAOWEIKEGUANDIPINGJIAHUSHISHI,HUSHIDEJINGSHENYUSIXIANGJIAZHISHOUDAOYINGYOUDEZHONGSHI。HUSHIDE“BUZHENGZHUYI”SHITACHENGWEIZIWOXIANSHIDEREN,“TAGENGZHENZHENGDICHENGLETAZIJI,GENGWANSHANDISHIXIANLETADEQIANNENG,GENGJIEJINTADECUNZAIHEXIN,CHENGLEGENGWANSHANDEREN”[20]。ZAIHUNYINXUANZESHANG,HUSHIWEILEJINXIAOBUYUMUZHENG,JIESHOUJIUSHIDEBAOBANHUNYIN;ZAIJIATINGSHENGHUOZHONG,TABUYUQIZHENG,BAORONGLIANGJIE,YUSHIDEYIBAITOUXIELAO;ZAIXUESHUJIAOLIUZHONG,TABUYURENZHENG,ZAIRONGXUTARENHELIKUANGZHENGDEGUOCHENGZHONGXUNZHAOZHENLI;MIANDUIPIPAN,TABUGONGKAIBIANJIE,XIANGXINSHIJIANHUITITATAOHUIGONGDAO,ZHEIZHENGSHIDUI“BUZHENG,GUTIANXIAMONENGYUZHIZHENG”DEZUIHAOQUANSHI。HUSHIDE“BUZHENGZHUYI”SIXIANGSHITANENGZAI“WUDIZIYOU”[21]DESHIDAILIHUODEXINLINGDEZIYOU,CAIYOURUJIN《HUSHIQUANJI》SISHISIJUANJUZHEWENSHI,LIUXIALEFENGHOUDEJINGSHENWENHUAYICHAN,ZIRUNHOUREN。DANSHI,DUIYUHUSHIDE“BUZHENGZHUYI”SIXIANGBIXUYIFENWEIERDEJIAYIKANDAI。QI“BUZHENGZHUYI”SUIRANCHANSHENGLEJIAODAYINGXIANG,DANBUKEBIMIANDIJUYOUQIJUXIAN、QUEXIANHEBUZU,ZHEISHIBIXUYAOJIAYIZHICHUDE。

                          参考文献

                          [1]子通.胡适评说八十年[C].北京:中国华侨出版社,2003.
                          [2]胡适.四十自述[M].长沙:岳麓书社,1998
                          [3]陶东风.听玛格利特谈宽恕与遗忘[J].读书,2018(6):90-100.
                          [4]胡适.胡适全集:第27卷[M].合肥:安徽教育出版社,2003.
                          [5] 胡适.胡适口述自传[M].唐德刚,注译.台北:传记文学出版社,1981.
                          [6]林方主编.人的潜能和价值——人本主义心理学译文集[C].北京:华夏出版社,1987:203.
                          [7]王乾坤.怀疑:科学之问与人生之问[J].鲁迅研究月刊,2001(1):11-19.
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                          [11]黑格尔.美学:第二卷[M].朱光潜,译.北京:商务印书馆,1979:327.
                          [12] 胡适.胡适全集:第29卷[M].合肥:安徽教育出版社,2003:43.
                          [13] 胡适.胡适全集:第23卷[M].合肥:安徽教育出版社,2003.
                          [14] 胡适.胡适全集:第24卷[M].合肥:安徽教育出版社,2003.
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