棋牌大全下载安装

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                      • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 技术自我研究中的身份认同问题

                        技术自我研究中的身份认同问题

                        时间:2018-12-23 10:56作者:董晓菊
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于技术自我研究中的身份认同问题的文章,近些年来,随着技术突飞猛进的发展,在科学和人文学科中,学者们都在重新发掘人的技术性的一面,而这一现象在有关自我、自我观念和身份认同等相关研究领域中尤其如此。

                          摘    要: “技术自我”这一概念由学者罗奇·卢皮基尼提出,并形成了一个有关“技术自我”的研究领域。其关注的核心问题是人类和技术二者之间日益密切、甚至边界日益模糊的关系对人类如何理解自身所产生的重要影响,亦即关注在技术的语境下,人与技术二者之间的关系的变化对自我和身份认同等相关理论产生的影响。文章的目的在于梳理这一领域的发展历程、重要理论资源以及当前阶段存在的问题,并通过挖掘身份认同理论中诉诸记忆的说明以及贝尔纳·斯蒂格勒技术哲学中有关记忆的理论,表明记忆理论对“技术自我”的研究具有重要意义,是这一研究领域未来的重要发展方向和趋势,对其进一步的考察将会有助于“技术自我”的相关讨论。

                          关键词: 技术自我; 技术; 自我; 身份认同; 记忆;

                          Abstract:棋牌大全下载安装 The concept of “technoself”was proposed by the scholar Rocci Luppicini,and has gradually formed a research field of “technoself”. The main concern of the research field is how the increasingly close and blurred relationship between human and technology has an important impact on human understanding of themselves. That is to say,in the context of technology,how the changes in the relationship between human and technology have an impact on the relevant theories such as “self”and “personal identity”. The purpose of this paper is to review the development history of the research field,examine its important theoretical resources and provide an overview of its current focuses. By exploring the memory theory which the theory of personal identity has resorted to,and the memory theory in the philosophy of technology of Bernard Stiegler,the paper shows that memory theory has a positive effect on the study of“technoself”,which could be an important direction in this research field. The paper suggests that a further investigation of memory theory will be helpful to the discussion of “technoself”.

                          Keyword: 棋牌大全下载安装technoself; technology; self; personal identity; memory;

                          一、引言:技术与技术自我

                          近些年来,随着技术突飞猛进的发展,在科学和人文学科中,学者们都在重新发掘人的技术性的一面,而这一现象在有关自我、自我观念和身份认同等相关研究领域中尤其如此。与此同时,也出现了各种各样用来表述人所具有的技术本性方面的概念,诸如“赛博格”(cyborg,生物和人造物共同构成的存在),“后人类”(posthuman,在已知的人类之后出现的存在,具有多重自我),“超人类”(transhuman,通过增强技术改造的人),“技术人”(technohuman),“技术智人”(technosapien),“虚拟化身”(avatars)等。这些概念部分诞生于大众媒体和科幻小说,但同时也被严肃的学术领域所采纳和使用。在加拿大渥太华大学的学者罗奇·卢皮基尼(Rocci Luppicini)主持编辑的论文集《技术自我研究手册:技术环境中的身份认同》(Handbook of Research on Technoself:Identity in a Technological Environment)中,他提出了“技术自我”这一概念。这一概念的提出旨在概括表述上述诸多术语所表达的共同内涵,即,在对人及其在当今社会所处的位置以及所面临的问题和挑战进行的讨论和分析中,有必要将其所具有的技术维度纳入进来。后来,在美国“哲学和技术协会”的会刊《哲学与技术》(Philosophy&Technology)2012年的第三期中,以查理斯·埃斯(Charles Ess)、卢西亚诺·弗洛里迪(Luciano Floridi)和玛丽亚·谢克特曼(Marya Schechtman)等为代表的学者,专门讨论了互联网技术影响下的“技术自我”的身份认同问题,这一系列的讨论和分析属于扩展版的“技术自我”研究。由此可以看出,诸多学者用“技术自我”这个概念来描述人与技术之间这种相互交织的动态演化关系,以及在这一过程中技术及其发展对人产生的重要而深刻的影响,并由此形成了一个有关“技术自我”的研究领域(Technoself Studies,简称TSS)。
                         

                        技术自我研究中的身份认同问题
                         

                          二、“技术自我”概念、研究主题以及存在的问题

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                          三、技术自我研究中的身份认同问题———哲学理论基础

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                          GENJULUOKEDEGUANDIAN,PANDINGCIKEDEWOHEGUOQUMOUYISHIKECUNZAIGUODEMOURENSHITONGYIGERENDEBIAOZHUNSHISHIFOUJUYOUXIANGTONGDEYISHI(consciousness)。ZHEIYEJIUSHISHUO,LUOKERENWEIYINGGAISHIYONGYISHIDETONGYIXINGERBUSHIMOUGEHUOMOUXIESHITIDETONGYIXINGLAIDINGYISHENFENRENTONG。ZHEIYIGUANDIANTONGCHANGBEIRENWEISHIGUANYUSHENFENRENTONGDEJIYILILUN(memory theory),JIJIANG“YISHI”LIJIEWEIJUYOUXIANGTONGDEJIYI,HUOJUYOUXIANGTONGDEXINLINGZHUANGTAI。ZHEIBEICHENGWEIZIWOSHENFENRENTONGDEXINLIXINGSHUOMING。DANGRAN,ZHEIYILILUNZAIQIFAZHANZHONGSHOUDAOLEHENDUOPIPING,LIRUGAILILUNZHONGCUNZAIDECHUANDIXINGLUOJIWENTI[7]400、XUNHUANLUNWENTI[8]DENG。TONGSHI,YECHUXIANLEBUTONGDEDUIYUGAILILUNDEXIUZHENGHEFAZHANDELILUN,LIRU“XINLILIANXUXING”(psychological continuity)GUANDIAN[9]、“ZHUNJIYI”(quasi-memory)GAINIAN[10]271,[11]DENG。SUIRANGUANYUZHEIGELILUNJIQIXIANGGUANWENTIHAICUNZAIZHEXUDUOZHIYI,DANGAIYANJIUJINLUWUYIDUIZHIHOUDEYANJIUCHANSHENGLEZHONGYAODEYINGXIANG。BINGQIE,ZHEIZHONGXINLIXINGLUJINGDETAOLUNYIRANZAIXIANGGUANYANJIUZHONGZHANZHUDAODIWEI。SHENZHIYOUXUEZHERENWEI,JINGUANGAIYANJIUJINLUTIGONGDEBIAOZHUN(RUJIYI、XINLILIANXUXING)ZAOSHOUDAOLEZHONGDUODEPIPING,DANRENGJIUSHIMUQIANGAIYANJIULINGYUZHONGZUIHAODEBIAOZHUN。RANER,ZAIZHEILIZHIDEWOMENSIKAODESHI,DANGJISHUFAZHANDAOXUNIWANGLUO、JIYINBIANJI、RENLEIZENGQIANGHERENGONGZHINENGDENGJIEDUANSHI,ZHEIZHONGXINLIXINGLUJINGNENGFOUDUIZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGZUOCHUCHONGFENQIEQIADANGDESHUOMINGNI?

                          LINGYIGEYOUGUANSHENFENRENTONGWENTIDEYANJIULUJINGBEICHENGWEISHENTIXINGSHUOMING,QIDAIBIAORENWUSHIAILIKE·AOERSEN(Eric Olson)。BUTONGYUXINLILIANXUXINGGUANDIAN,ZHEIZHONGGUANDIANRENWEISHENGWUTIDELIANXUXINGCAISHISHENFENRENTONGWENTIDEJICHU。AOERSENRENWEI,CHULESHENGWUYOUJITIZHIWAI,BINGBUCUNZAISHENMECHAOYUEXINGDEDONGXIGOUCHENGLERENDESHENFENRENTONG。ZHEIYEJIUSHISHUO,ZAIAOERSENKANLAI,SHITUCHAOYUEZUOWEISHENGWUSHITIDEYOUJITIDEWULICUNZAICONGERXUNQIUDUIYUSHENFENRENTONGDEBIYAOHECHONGFENTIAOJIANDENULIJIANGSHITULAODE,YINWEIMEIYOUSHENMEBISHENGWUYOUJITIDESHISUTEZHENGGENGWEIZHONGYAO,ZHEIXIESHISUDESHENGWUYOUJITIGONGNENGGONGTONGGOUCHENGLERENDESHENFENRENTONG[12]62。RANER,DANGJISHUDEFAZHANCHUXIANLEJIYINBIANJIJISHU、RENLEIZENGQIANGJISHUSHI,SHENTIDEJUSHENXINGHUISHOUDAONAXIEFANGMIANDEYINGXIANG?DANGRENLEIZHONGDEYIBUFENBIANCHENGLEZENGQIANGDERENLEI、BEIBIANJIDERENLEI、SHENZHIYUSAIBORENLEIHUOHOURENLEISHI,ZHEIZHONGSHENTIXINGLILUNYOUYINGDANGFASHENGZENYANGDEBIANHUACAINENGBAOZHENGDUIZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGWENTIZUOCHUCHONGFENDESHUOMING?

                          JINNIANLAI,GUANYUSHENFENRENTONGDEXUSHIXINGLILUNRIJIANXINGQIBINGHUODELEYUELAIYUEDUODEGUANZHU。ZHEIYILILUNDEDAIBIAORENWUSHIMEIGUOZHIJIAGEYILINUOYIDAXUEZONGHESHENJINGKEXUESHIYANSHIDEZHEXUEJIAOSHOUMALIYA·XIEKETEMAN。XIEKETEMANFAZHANLEGUANYUSHENFENRENTONGDEXUSHIXINGSHUOMING,ZAIJIEJIANBAOLUO·LIKE(Paul Ricoeur)DUISHENFENRENTONGWENTIDEQUFENDEJICHUSHANG,JIANGSHENFENRENTONGWENTIDELIANGFANGMIANGUIJIEWEISHUZHIRENTONG(numerical identity)HEXUSHIRENTONG(narrative identity),ZHEIYIDIANYESHOUDAOLEXIANGGUANXUEZHEDEKENDING。GAIKUOLAISHUO,XUSHIXINGLILUNCHIYOUDESHIZHEIYANGYIZHONGGUANDIAN,JIXUSHIHEZIWOZHIJIANJUYOUHENQIANGDEGUANXI;ZIWOJIUSHIYIZHONGNEIZAIDEXUSHISHITI[13]395。YEJIUSHISHUO,XUSHIXINGGUANDIANYONGXUSHITONGYITITIDAILEXINLILIANXUXING,JIRENWEIYIGERENDESHENFENRENTONGSHITONGGUOTAMENZISHENZAIXUSHIZHONGSUOBANYANDEJIAOSEERDEDAOBAOCHIDE:RUGUOYIGERENDEXUSHISHINEIZAITONGYIDE、KEXINDE,NEIMEZAIZHEIGEXUSHIZHONGBANYANZHEZHUJIAODERENDESHENFENRENTONGJIUDEDAOLEWEICHI。ZHEIYEJIUYIWEIZHE,YIGERENDESHENFENRENTONGZAIJIEGOUSHANGSHIXUSHIXINGDE,GERENDETEXINGZHIXIANGDESHIYIGEZHENGZAIJINXINGDEXUSHIDETONGYI。BUTONGYU“JIESHIXUEDEXUSHILILUN”,XIEKETEMANRENWEI,XUSHIJIAOSHAODISHIYIXINGDONGZHEWEIDAOXIANGDE,YEBINGMEIYOUYIGEZHIPEIYIQIEDEZHUTITONGYIXING[14]15。JIYUCI,TAFAZHANLE“XUSHIDEZIWOJIANGOU”GUANDIAN。ZHEIYIGUANDIANYAOQIURENMENJUYOUYIZHONGCHIXUXINGDEZICHUANSHIXUSHI(JIYI),DANBINGBUYAOQIUTAMENYOUYISHIDIHUOMINGQUEDICHIXUCHANMINGTAMENDESHENGHUOGUSHI[5]335。YIGERENGENJUYIQIANDEJINGYANYIJIDUIWEILAIDEYUQIHUOJIHUAQINGKUANGLAITIYANXIANZAISUOFASHENGDESHIQING,HUODEYIZHONGDANGXIADEJINGYAN。RUCIYILAI,GUOQUFASHENGGUODESHIQINGSUODAILAIDEJINGYANHETIYANJIUBEIRONGRUDAOLEXIANZAIDEJINGLIZHIZHONG。JINYIBU,XIEKETEMANHAIZHICHU,GUANCHUANXUSHIJINLUDEYIGEZHONGYAOGUANDIANSHIRENWEI,ZIWOSHIJUSHENDECHANWU,QIANRUZAISHEHUIYUJINGZHIZHONG,BINGZAIQIZHONGYUTAZHEHUDONG[13]404。ZHEIYIWEIZHEZIWOSHICHUXIANZAIMOUYIGONGTONGTIZHIZHONGDE,CONGERJINYIBUJIANGZIWODEXUSHIGAINIANYUDIKAERSHIDEGULIDESIXIANGZHUTIDETUJINGQUFENKAILAI。

                        棋牌大全下载安装   JINNIANLAI,XUSHILILUNDEFAZHANYEZHUYIDAOLEYOUGUANJUSHENWENTIDERIYIFENGFUDEYANJIUCHENGGUO,JINERJIANG“JUSHEN”ZHEIYIGAINIANNARUDAOQILILUNFAZHANZHIZHONG。YOUXUEZHERENWEI[15],ZIWOSHIYOUYIZHONGJUSHENYISHIHEXUSHIBENSHENZUCHENGDE,ERZHEIZHONGJUSHENYISHITONGSHIYOUKEYIWEIXUSHISUOLIYONG。ZHEIZHONGJUSHENDEXUSHILILUNHUIGENGHAODISHUOMINGWOMENZUOWEIYIZHONGFUZADESHENGWU、LISHIHESHEHUIDECUNZAI,QIJINGYANHEXINGWEIYIJINGWEIXINGCHENGXUSHIDIANDINGLEJICHU。YEYOUXUEZHECONGXUSHIHESHENTIERZHEZHIJIANDONGTAIHUDONGDEGUANXICHUFA,ZHICHUZAIXUSHIXINGDELILUNZHONGYINGGAIKAOLVDAOJUSHENZAIQIZHONGFAHUIDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG[16]。ZHEIZHONGGUANDIANRENWEI,QUESHAOJUSHENDEXUSHILILUNSHIBUGOUWANSHANDE;DANSHI,DANGXIADUIJUSHENHEXUSHIZIWOERZHEZHIJIANGUANXIDETAOLUNBUGOUCHONGFEN。MUQIANZHEIYILEIDETAOLUNCEZHONGYUQIANGDIAOSHENTIDUIYUXUSHIZIWODEDANXIANGDEYINGXIANG;DANYINGDANGKANDAODESHI,XUSHIZIWOHESHENTIZHIJIANDEGUANXIYINGGAISHIHUDONGDE、JINMIJIAOZHIZAIYIQIDE,XUSHIXINGZIWOYEHUIHUIKUIDAOWOMENDESHENTIDANGZHONG。YEJIUSHISHUO,WOMENDESHENTIBUJINSUZAOLEWOMENDEXUSHIZIWO,ERLINGYIFANGMIAN,WOMENDEXUSHIZIWOYESUZAOZHEWOMENDESHENTI;XUSHIZIWOSHIYIZHONGZIWOHESHENTIZHIJIANXIANGHUJIUCHANDEJIEGUO。

                        棋牌大全下载安装   JINGUANXUSHIXINGSHUOMINGYUELAIYUESHOUDAOXUEJIEDERENKE,BINGQIEQUDELEYIDINGDELILUNCHENGGUO,DANYUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGYOUGUANZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGWENTIDEYANJIUJINLUYIYANG,WOMENYINGDANGZHIYI,SUIZHEJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHANHEYANHUA,HULIANWANGJISHU、RENLEIZENGQIANGJISHUDENGHUIDUIXUSHIXINGSHUOMINGDAILAISHENMEYINGXIANG?ZAIJISHUZHEIYIDANGJINSHIDAIZUIWEIZHONGYAODEBIANLIANGDEYINGXIANGXIA,XUSHIXINGSHUOMINGNENGFOUBAOZHENGDUIZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGJIQISUOMIANLINDEWENTIZUOCHUQIADANGDESHUOMING?

                          SHENFENRENTONGZAIZHEXUECHUANTONGZHONGYIZHIZHANYOUZHONGYAODEDIWEI,DUIYUZHEIGEWENTIDETAOLUNJUYOUZHONGYAODELILUNYIYI。SHENFENRENTONGZAIZHEXUECHUANTONGZHONGYOUXINLIXINGSHUOMING、SHENTIXINGSHUOMING、XUSHIXINGSHUOMINGSANZHONGJIESHILUJING。JINGUANCEZHONGDIANBUYI,DANGAILEIYANJIUSHIRENMENGUANZHUDAO“WO”BINGBUSHIYIGEBUZHENGZIMING、ZIRANERRANDEGAINIAN,QIHUISHOUDAOZHURUSHIJIAN、ZIWOYISHI、SHENTIDENGNEIWAIZAIYINSUDEYINGXIANG。TEBIESHIZAIJISHUFEISUFAZHANDEJINTIAN,HULIANWANGHERENLEIZENGQIANGJISHUDUIRENDESHENGHUOJINGYAN、JIAOLIUFANGSHI、XINGWEIFANGSHI,SHENZHIJIYIBENSHENDOUZAOCHENGLEJUDADEGAIBIANHECHONGJI,CONGERSHIDESHANGSHUYOUGUANZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGDELILUNJIQIXINJINDEFAZHANMIANLINZHEYANJUNDETIAOZHAN。YIFANGMIAN,ZHEXUEZHONGYOUGUANZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGDECHUANTONGLILUNJINGUANKEYIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGSHIYONGYUSHUOMINGSHANGSHUXINDEJINGKUANGXIARENYUJISHUDEGUANXI、JISHUDUIRENCHANSHENGDEYINGXIANG,YIJIYUCIXIANGGUANDEGUANYUZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGWENTIFASHENGDEBIANHUA,DANRUSHANGSUOSHU,ZAIXINJISHUDEYINGXIANGJIQIDAILAIDEZHONGYAOBIANGEXIA,CHUANTONGGUANDIANCUNZAIZHEZHONGDADELILUNBUZU,BUNENGHENHAODIJIESHIHESHUOMINGDANGXIARENMENZAIXINSHIDAIZHONGGUANYUZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGWENTICHANSHENGDEXINGUANDIANHEXINKANFA。ERLINGYIFANGMIAN,XINXINGDEXIANGGUANLILUNYANJIUYEWEIXINGCHENGYIGETONGYIDELILUNTIXI,YINCIBINGBUNENGHENHAODIWEIJINYIBUDEYANJIUTIGONGJIANSHIDELILUNJICHU。YINCI,SHANGSHUBUTONGGUANDIANDEFAZHANXIANZHUANGCHONGFENSHUOMING,ZAIKAOCHAZHEIYIWENTISHI,JIXUJIANGJISHUWEIDUNARUJINLAI,JINERTUOZHANZHEXUECHUANTONGZHONGYOUGUANZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGYANJIUDEWEIDU,SHIQINENGGOUSHIYINGDANGQIANJISHUDEFAZHANJIQIDAILAIDEZHONGYAOZHUANBIAN。ZHEIYEQIAHAOSHI“JISHUZIWO”GAINIANDETICHUSUOYUNHANDESHENKEDEZHEXUEGENYUANHEYIYI。

                        棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIYOUGUAN“JISHUZIWO”DEYANJIUZHONG,JINGUANYIXIEZHEXUEJIAHUOJISHUZHEXUEJIABINGMEIYOUYUNYONGZHEIYANGDEGAINIAN,DANSHITAMENTAOLUNJISHUDUIYUZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGGAINIANDEFAZHANZHIYIYISHI,QUESHENKEDIRENSHIDAOLEJISHUDEZUOYONG,LIRUBEIERNA·SIDIGELE(Bernard Stiegler)。ZAIQI《JISHUYUSHIJIAN》SANJUANBENDEZHEZUOZHONG,DUIYURENYUJISHUERZHEZHIJIANDEGUANXIZHEIYIZHEXUEZHONGDEZHONGYAOWENTI,SIDIGELECONGYIGEQUANXINDEJIAODUDUIQIJINXINGLEKAOCHA。ERZHEIZHONGKAOCHAZAIJISHUFAZHANDEDANGXIADUIYUYANJIUSHENFENRENTONGWENTIWUYIJUYOUZHONGDADELILUNZHIDAOYIYI,WEIWOMENZAICHUANTONGSHENFENRENTONGLILUNMIANLINKUNJINGSHIZHICHULEYIGEXINDEFANGXIANG。

                        棋牌大全下载安装   YOUXUEZHEZHICHU,SIDIGELEYOUGUANJISHUDESIXIANGJINGLIGUOYIZHONGGUANZHUDIANDEZHUANBIAN,JICONGQIANGDIAOJISHUZUOWEIRENLEIDEWAIBUHUOJIAZHI,DAOQIANGDIAOBEIQICHENGZHIWEI“DISANJIYI”HUOJIYISHUDEJISHU[17]55。ZAISIDIGELEKANLAI,JISHUBINGBUSHIZAIYIGEXIAAIDEYIYISHANGBEILIJIEDE,ERSHIJIANGQILIJIEWEI“RENLEIBEIWAIBUHUAWEIRENGONGZHIPINHUOYOUZUZHIDEWUJIWUDESUOYOUFANGSHI”[18]。ZHEIZHONGYIYISHANGDEJISHUBEISIDIGELERENWEISHI“ANSHIZHEYIZHONGCHUNCUIDEYIWAIHUOZHEOURANXING”[18]。TAZHICHU,ZHEIZHONGOURANXINGDEJISHUGOUCHENGLEYIZHONG“HOUZHONGXISHENGCHENGDE”(epiphylogenetic)JIYI,CONGERSHIDERENLEINENGGOUDAPOQIBENSHENGUYOUDESHENGWUCHENGXU。

                        棋牌大全下载安装   “HOUZHONGXISHENGCHENGDEJIYI”ZHEIYIGAINIANYUNHANLESIDIGELELIANGFANGMIANDEZHONGYAOSIXIANG,JIQIGUANYU“HOUZHONGXISHENGCHENG”DELUNSHU,YIJIQIDUIYUJIYIWENTIJINXINGDECHANSHI,ZHEIYEGOUCHENGLEQIZAI《JISHUYUSHIJIAN》DIYIJUANZHONGDELIANGTIAOLUNSHUXIANSUO[17]55。YOUGUAN“HOUZHONGXISHENGCHENG”ZHEIYIGAINIAN,SIDIGELESHOUDAOLELELUWA-GULAN(AndréLeroi-Gourhan)DEYINGXIANG。HOUZHEZAIQIYANJIUZHONGZHICHU,DONGWUHERENLEIZUNXUNZHELIANGZHONGBUTONGDEJINHUAMOSHI。XIANGDUIYUDONGWUDE“ZHONGXISHENGCHENG”(phylogenesis)GUOCHENG,RENLEIDEJINHUAMOSHIZESHIYIZHONGHOUZHONGXISHENGCHENG(epiphylogenesis)。ZHEIZHONGLILUNMOSHIRENWEI,“YIGEWUZHONGDETEXINGBINGFEICONGYIKAISHIJIUQUANBUBEIBAOHANZAIZHONGZHIZHONG,ERSHIZAIHOUTIANDESHENGZHANGGUOCHENGZHONGZHUJIANXINGCHENGDE”[19]158。SIDIGELESHOUXIANJIANGZHEIGEGAINIANYONGLAIJIESHIJISHUFAZHANDEYIBANXINGMOSHI,JINERJIANGZHEIGEGAINIANTUIGUANGDAOYOUGUANRENDETAOLUNZHONGQU,RENWEIRENDEDAIJUXINGJUEDINGLERENBIRANSUIZHEJISHUDEFAZHANERZAIZISHENDEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANHUODEZISHENDESHUXING。JISHUDEFAZHANGOUCHENGLERENDEHOUZHONGXISHENGCHENG,RENBUDUANDIJIANGZISHENYOUJITIDEGONGNENGWAIZAIHUA,YINERZAIZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHONGRENBUDUANDIBEIJISHUGOUZAOZHE;BINGQIEZHEIZHONGGOUZAOCONGRENDEDIERQIYUANXINGCUNZAIZHISHIQIJIUKAISHIFAHUIQIZUOYONG[20]。

                          ERDUIYUJIYIDEXIANGGUANLUNSHU,SIDIGELEZEJICHENGBINGFAZHANLEHUSAIERYIJILELUWA-GULANDENGRENYOUGUANJIYIDELILUN,TONGGUODUIRENLEIJIYIDEXIANGGUANLUNSHU,JIESHILEDANGQIANSHIDAIFAZHANZHONGRENLEIMIANLINDEWENTI。TAQUFENLESANZHONGLEIXINGDEJIYI,JIYICHUANJIYI,HOUSHENGCHENGJIYI,YIJIHOUZHONGXISHENGCHENGJIYI[19]209。ERZHEIZHONGHOUZHONGXISHENGCHENGJIYI“YIWAIZAIWENJIDEXINGSHI,TONGGUOJISHUJIANGQIMINGKEYUWUZHICAILIAONEI,XINGCHENGGONGJU、JIQIDENGJISHUWUTI,YIJIYUYAN、LUNLI、WENHUADENGJISHUTIXI”[20]64。GENGJINYIBU,“JIYIZISHIBIANSHISHIYI,BIANSHIJISHUXINGDE”[21]62,YINCI,“JISHUJIUSHIRENLEIDEJIYI”[20]64。SIDIGELERENWEI,ZHEIZHONGJIYISHIDONGWUSUOMEIYOUDE,“YOUJISHUZHICHIYIJIGOUCHENG”[21]66,BINGQIEZHEIZHONGYOUJISHUZHICHIBINGGOUCHENGDE、BEICHENGZHIWEI“DISANJIYI”DEJIYI“ZAISHENGMINGSHISHANGDIYICIKAIQILEYOUFEISHENGWUXINGMEIJIEJIANGGERENZHISHICHUANDIDEKENENGXING”[21]66。YINCI,SIDIGELEQIANGDIAO:“RENLEIJIYIGENJISHUBUNENGFENGE,YINWEIJISHUSHIHOUSHENGXITONGFASHENGDE:WOZHEIYANGXINGRONGTASHIYINWEIDISANJIYITONGSHISHIWOMENCHENGZHIWEIHOUSHENGDEGETIJINGLIDECHANWU,YESHIXITONGFASHENGDEZHIJIA。”[21]66

                          ZHEIZHONGDUIYUJIYIDEJIEDU,JIEGOULEXIFANGZHEXUECHUANTONGZHONGDUIYUNEIZAIYURENDEJIYIDEXIANGGUANLUNSHU。ZAISIDIGELEKANLAI,JISHUJIUSHIRENDEJIYI。YINCI,JIYIBUSHIYIJINGSHOUDAOHUOZHEJIANGHUISHOUDAOJISHUDEYINGXIANG,ERSHIJIYIBENSHENJIUJUYOUJISHUXINGDEBUFEN;BINGQIE,ZHEIZHONGJIYIJISHUYEJINGLILEZHUANBIAN。SIDIGELERENWEI,“YINSHUADECHUXIANYIWEIZHEYIJINGZAICIZHIPINXIESHIDAIDEZHONGDABIANGE,TABIAOMINGPINXIEDESHIDAIYINGDANGFENCHENGBUTONGDESHIQI”[22]91。SHISHISHANG,SUIZHEXIANDAIMONI、SHUZIHESHENGWUJISHUDEFAZHAN,RENLEIDEJIYIFASHENGLEZHONGDABIANGE,YIZHEIXIEJISHUWEIJICHUDEXINXIGONGYEHECHENGXUGONGYEGOUCHENGLERENLEIJIYIDEGONGYEHUA。ERZAIZHEIZHONGGONGYEHUADEGUOCHENGZHONG,RENLEIYUANYOUDETEDINGJIYI、SHEHUIZHONGZUJIYIHEGETIJIYIJIANGHUIBEITACHENGZHIWEI“DISIZHONGJIYI”DEJIQIJIYISUOQUDAI。ZHENGSHIZAIZHEIYIYIYISHANG,RENLEIYINCISANGSHILEZIWODINGXIANGDENENGLI,JINERMISHIZAIJISHUZHIZHONG。RUCIKANLAI,ZAIJISHUDEYINGXIANGXIA,ZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGBUYESHIRUCIMA?

                          四、未来研究展望

                        棋牌大全下载安装   TONGGUOSHANGSHUDUIYUJISHUZIWOYANJIU、XIFANGSHENFENRENTONGLILUNJIQIZAIDANGDAIDEFAZHAN,YIJISIDIGELEJISHUSIXIANGDEGAIYAOLUNSHUHEZONGJIE,KEYIKANCHU,DUIYUJISHUZIWOYANJIULINGYUZHONGDEZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGWENTI、RENYUJISHUERZHEZHIJIANDEGUANXIYIJIJISHUDUIRENCHANSHENGDEYINGXIANGDENGWENTIDEKAOCHAHEZHEXUEFENXI,JUNYOUGUANGFANDELINGYUTIGONGFENGFUDESIXIANGYUANQUAN。ZHEIXIEYANJIULINGYUDUIYUXIANGGUANWENTIDELUNSHUDOUSUZHUDUIYUJIYIDEFENXIHECHANSHU。HAOWUYIWEN,JIYISHIZHEXUEZHONGDEZHONGYAOWENTI。ZAISHENFENRENTONGLILUNZHONG,LUOKEKAIQILESUZHUJIYIDELILUNCHANSHI,ERDANGQIANDEXUSHILILUNZHONGYEQIANGDIAOZICHUANSHIJIYIZAICHANSHUZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGWENTISHIFAHUIDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。ERSIDIGELESHITUCHAOYUEJIANGJIYIJUXIANZAIGULIDEYISHIZHUTIFANWEINEI,ERJIANGJISHUDEWEIDUJIARUDAODUIYUJIYIDEFENXIDANGZHONG,DADAKUOZHANLEJIYIDETAOLUNFANWEI,BINGCONGJIYIWAIZAIHUADAOJIYIGONGYEHUADEFAZHANLICHENGCHUFAFENXILEDANGDAIJISHUDEFAZHANDUIRENCHANSHENGDEZHONGYAOYINGXIANGHEGAIBIAN。YINCI,BAJIYIZHEIYISHIJIAOJIARU,TAOLUNJISHUDUIRENJIQIZIWOHESHENFENRENTONGDEYINGXIANGJUYOUGUANGKUODETAOLUNKONGJIAN;JIANGGEGELINGYUNEIDEYOUGUANJIYI、JISHUFAZHANYUZIWOJISHENFENRENTONGZHIJIANGUANXIDECHANSHUJINXINGBIJIAOHEFENXIYEJIANGSHIFENYOUZHUYUDUIYU“JISHUZIWO”LINGYUNEIXIANGGUANWENTIDETANTAO。YINCI,ZHEIYIYANJIULINGYUZHIDEJINYIBUDESHENRUZHUIZONGHEKAOCHA。

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