棋牌大全下载安装

    1. <form id='d1a3e'></form>
        <bdo id='d1a3e'><sup id='d1a3e'><div id='d1a3e'><bdo id='d1a3e'></bdo></div></sup></bdo>

          • <tr id='sjm9t'><strong id='sjm9t'></strong><small id='sjm9t'></small><button id='sjm9t'></button><li id='sjm9t'><noscript id='sjm9t'><big id='sjm9t'></big><dt id='sjm9t'></dt></noscript></li></tr><ol id='sjm9t'><option id='sjm9t'><table id='sjm9t'><blockquote id='sjm9t'><tbody id='sjm9t'></tbody></blockquote></table></option></ol><u id='sjm9t'></u><kbd id='sjm9t'><kbd id='sjm9t'></kbd></kbd>

            <code id='sjm9t'><strong id='sjm9t'></strong></code>

            <fieldset id='sjm9t'></fieldset>
                  <span id='sjm9t'></span>

                      <ins id='sjm9t'></ins>
                      <acronym id='sjm9t'><em id='sjm9t'></em><td id='sjm9t'><div id='sjm9t'></div></td></acronym><address id='sjm9t'><big id='sjm9t'><big id='sjm9t'></big><legend id='sjm9t'></legend></big></address>

                      <i id='sjm9t'><div id='sjm9t'><ins id='sjm9t'></ins></div></i>
                      <i id='sjm9t'></i>
                    1. <dl id='sjm9t'></dl>
                          <dir id='zrbxh'><del id='zrbxh'><del id='zrbxh'></del><pre id='zrbxh'><pre id='zrbxh'><option id='zrbxh'><address id='zrbxh'></address><bdo id='zrbxh'><tr id='zrbxh'><acronym id='zrbxh'><pre id='zrbxh'></pre></acronym><div id='zrbxh'></div></tr></bdo></option></pre><small id='zrbxh'><address id='zrbxh'><u id='zrbxh'><legend id='zrbxh'><option id='zrbxh'><abbr id='zrbxh'></abbr><li id='zrbxh'><pre id='zrbxh'></pre></li></option></legend><select id='zrbxh'></select></u></address></small></pre></del><sup id='zrbxh'></sup><blockquote id='zrbxh'><dt id='zrbxh'></dt></blockquote><blockquote id='zrbxh'></blockquote></dir><tt id='zrbxh'></tt><u id='zrbxh'><tt id='zrbxh'><form id='zrbxh'></form></tt><td id='zrbxh'><dt id='zrbxh'></dt></td></u>
                        1. <code id='zrbxh'><i id='zrbxh'><q id='zrbxh'><legend id='zrbxh'><pre id='zrbxh'><style id='zrbxh'><acronym id='zrbxh'><i id='zrbxh'><form id='zrbxh'><option id='zrbxh'><center id='zrbxh'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='zrbxh'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='zrbxh'></center>

                            <dd id='zrbxh'></dd>

                              <style id='zrbxh'></style><sub id='zrbxh'><dfn id='zrbxh'><abbr id='zrbxh'><big id='zrbxh'><bdo id='zrbxh'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub>
                              <dir id='zrbxh'></dir>
                            1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 《道德经》思想的现代相容性及其世界价值

                              《道德经》思想的现代相容性及其世界价值

                              时间:2018-12-27 10:20作者:辛红娟
                              本文导读:这是一篇关于《道德经》思想的现代相容性及其世界价值的文章,近世以来,西方各国争相从中国道家典籍中寻找民族持续发展的智慧动力,译介和研究老子思想已经成为国际汉学界的一种风尚,学术界甚至把《道德经》翻译和研究成果的多寡看作是衡量一个国家汉学研究是否发达的一个重要

                                摘    要: 作为中国哲学史上第一部具有完整哲学体系和辩证思想的着作,《道德经》以与先秦诸子学说迥然不同的姿态,对中华民族的性格、心态、思维产生了巨大、深远的影响。《道德经》言说方式的开放性与思想意涵的时代兼容性,彰显了道家核心思想概念的世界性意义,成为中国经典文化走出去、参与世界文化对话的典型范例。

                                关键词: 《道德经》; 思想意涵; 世界性意义;

                                Abstract:棋牌大全下载安装 DaoDeJing,with its simplicity and awesome profundity,is like a “White Dwarf”of classical literature,so weighty,so compact,and so suggestive of a mind radiating thought at a white heat. Based on analyzing the way the DaoDeJing scripture manifests its thoughts,the present paper attempts to illustrate how key concepts embodied in DaoDeJing have acquired the worldwide significance. With this specific exploration of Chinese ideas' international enlightenment,we hope that the attempted views may shed lights upon reconstructing other Chinese classics in the Western world and may help to promote Chinese philosophy acquiring its stand in the world today.

                                Keyword:棋牌大全下载安装 DaoDeJing; thoughts and implication; worldwide significance;

                              棋牌大全下载安装   JINSHIYILAI,XIFANGGEGUOZHENGXIANGCONGZHONGGUODAOJIADIANJIZHONGXUNZHAOMINZUCHIXUFAZHANDEZHIHUIDONGLI,YIJIEHEYANJIULAOZISIXIANGYIJINGCHENGWEIGUOJIHANXUEJIEDEYIZHONGFENGSHANG,XUESHUJIESHENZHIBA《DAODEJING》FANYIHEYANJIUCHENGGUODEDUOGUAKANZUOSHIHENGLIANGYIGEGUOJIAHANXUEYANJIUSHIFOUFADADEYIGEZHONGYAOBIAOZHUN。

                                XINXINGSHIXIA,YAOJIANGSHUZHONGGUOGUSHI,JIANGHAOZHONGGUOGUSHI。《DAODEJING》YIQIYANSHUOFANGSHIDEKAIFANGXINGYUSIXIANGYIHANDEXIANDAIXIANGRONGXING,ZHANGXIANQIHEXINSIXIANGDESHIJIEXINGYIYI,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOWENHUADUIWAICHUANBODEDIANXINGFANLI。

                                一、《道德经》言说方式的开放性

                              棋牌大全下载安装   ZUOWEIZAOQIDEZHEXUEZHEZUO,《DAODEJING》YI“DAO”CHANSHUOYUZHOURENSHENGHESHEHUI,BINGYI“YOU、WU、ZIRAN、WUWEI、DE”DENGFANCHOUWEIFUYI,JIANGOULEYIGENEIHANSHENYUANDEYANSHUOXITONG,ZHANGXIANZHE“DAO”YUYANSHUOZHIJIANDEZHANGLI。ZHENGBU《DAODEJING》KANSIGEYANYULUDESUIPIAN,WENBENYISUIPIANDEXINGSHIDENGCHANG,WANRU“JUEZIDIXIADEYUANGUCAITAOCANPIANNEIYANG,SANFACHUFENGFUERHANHUNDEWENTINAIZHIWENHUAXINXI,SIZAIWUYANDISHUSHUOGAIZHONGWENTITEYOUDEBIAODAQIANNENGJIQIJIXIAN。ERDANGZHONGDUOWENTISUIPIANJINGXIANGLIUGUANGYICAIDICHUANBOGEZIXINXISHI,ZHEIZHONGDUOXINXILIANGJIUXIANGHUJIYAHUOSHENTOUCHENGYIPIAN,SHIERCHENGBEIDIYANSHENG,SHIERYOUXUNSUDIXIAOJIE”,CONGMOUZHONGYIYISHANGSHUO,“MEIYIZHONGWENTISUIPIANDOUSHIYIZHONGYIYISHENGCHENGYUAN,TAMENGONGTONGGOUCHENGFENGFUDEYIYI‘CHANG’”1。CENGRENMEIGUOGUOHUITUSHUGUANYAZHOUBUZHURENDEHENGMUYI(A.W.Hummel)PINGJIASHUO:“《DAODEJING》XIEYURENLEIDELIMING,BAOYOULIMINGDEQINGXIN,CHONGMANYUYANDEJILIU。”(2)

                                老子试图通过超越常规语言和对常规语言进行偏离的方式达到讲述大道的目的。这种对常规语言的超越和偏离,造成老子言说中的“空”和“无”。在老子的观念中,“无”本身是一种作用,一种力量,生发出“有”不可替代的作用和力量。“空”“无”的“缺”或“不在场”只是一种表面形式,一种暂时的“缺”,其实蕴藉着巨大的“有”。理论框架逻辑性缺失和比比皆是的语言陷阱成为《道德经》文本的典型性特征———各章之间并无明显逻辑关联,书中语言简洁到语义模糊的地步。但恰恰是这些给读者带来阅读障碍的语言简洁性和各章节之间的松散逻辑成就了《道德经》在后世被频繁翻译、广泛阅读和多重建构的命运。
                               

                              《道德经》思想的现代相容性及其世界价值
                               

                                《DAODEJING》DI11ZHANG,“SANSHIFUGONGYIGU,DANGQIWU,YOUCHEZHIYONG。SHANZHIWEIQI,DANGQIWU,YOUQIZHIYONG。ZAOHUYOUYIWEISHI,DANGQIWU,YOUSHIZHIYONG。”LAOZIZAIZHEILIYICHELUN、TAOQI、FANGWUZUOBIYU,SHUOMING“WU”HE“YOU”XIANGHUYILAI,“WU”CHENGJIULE“YOU”ZHIWEI“YOU”:MEIYOUCHELUNZHONGCHEGUDEKONGXI,YEJIUMEIYOUCHEDEZUOYONG,MEIYOUTAOQIZHONGJIANDEKONGCHU,YEJIUSHIQULEQIMINDEZUOYONG;MEIYOUFANGWUZHONGYANGDEKONGJIAN,YEJIUBUKENENGCHENGWEIFANGWULE。CHELUN、TAOQI、FANGWUZHISUOYIYOUTAMENDEJIAZHIHEZUOYONG,ZHUYAOZAIYUWUHEXUDEZUOYONG2。《DAODEJING》JINGDIANYIYIDEGOUCHENGZAIYUZAICHANGDEWENBENYIYIHEBUZAICHANGDEYINHANYIYIDEXIANGHUYILAI,ERBUZAICHANGDE“YINXIAN”DEWENBENYIYIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGCHENGJIULE《DAODEJING》JIU“XIANGYIGEYONGBUKUJIEDEJINGQUAN,MANZAIBAOZANG,FANGXIAJITONG,TUOSHOUKEDE”(NICAIYU)3。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   《DAODEJING》YONGYUNINGLIAN、YANJINZHIYUANDEYUTITESE,SHIQICHENGWEIZHONGGUONAIZHISHIJIEZHEXUEWENXUESHISHANGDEQIPAHEYIYIJIYAOBUJINDEFENGFUBAOZANG。《DAODEJING》“JINQUZHUSHEN,YUANQUZHUWU”,LIYONGZIRANJIESHISHIZAIZAIDECUNZAI,YIZHIPODEFANGSHIXIANGLIDAIDUZHEXUANJIANGZHEZUIXUANAODEDAOLI。YINGGUOHANXUEJIAZHAILINNAI(Lionel Giles)PINGSHUSHUO:“YUANWENDECUOCIJIWEIMOHU、JIANJIE,CONGLAIDOUMEIYOURUCISHENSUIDESIXIANGBEIBAOGUOJINRUCIXIAXIAODEKONGJIAN。YUZHOUZHONGSANZAIYIXIERENMENCHENGWEI‘BAIAIXING’DEXINGTI。TAMENCHANGCHANGTIJIHENXIAO,DANYONGYOUDEYUANZIZHONGLIANGXIANGJIAOYUTAMENDETIJILAISHUOZEYICHANGJUDA,YIZHIZHEIXIEXINGTIBIAOMIANDEWENDUBITAIYANGBIAOMIANDEWENDUDOUGAODEDUO。《DAODEJING》KANCHENGZHEXUEWENXIANZHONGDE‘BAIAIXING’:MIDUJIGAO,QIEYIBAIRECHENGDUSANFAZHEZHIHUIZHIGUANG。”4《DAODEJING》YUYANJIEGOUJIANDAN,JIAOSHAOFUZADELUOJILUNZHENGHETUIYANBIAOSHU,MEIYIJUHUADOUYUNHANZHECHAOGUOZHEIJUHUABIAOCENGYIYIDEDALIANGXINXI,YIDUTEDECHAOJIEGOUDEYUYANXINGSHICHONGFENBIAOXIANCHUDUJUTESEDEZHONGGUOSIBIANGUOCHENGDETEZHENG。《DAODEJING》ZHONGCIYUCIZHIJIANNEIZHONGBICIXIANDINGDEGUANXI,BUZHISHITONGCHANGDEBIAOCENGYIYISHANGDEXIANDINGGUANXI,ERSHICHAOYUEYUZHEIZHONGYIYIZHISHANGDESIBIANDEGUANXI。ZHEIZHONGYUYANYUSIBIANNENGLIDEJIEHE,GOUCHENGLE《DAODEJING》DUTEDEYANSHUOFANGSHI,SHIGOUCHENGTADEMEIYIGECIYUZAIQIZHENGTIDEXIANGHULIANXIZHONGFAHUIZHEJUDADEZUOYONG,BINGBIAOXIANCHUJUDADEQIANLIYURONGLIANG。

                                二、《道德经》思想意涵的现代相容性

                                GUHANYUJIAOSHAOSHIYONGRENCHENGDAICIHEBIAOSHIYINGUO、ZHUANZHE、JIASHEDENGLUOJIGUANXIDELIANCI,SHENZHIZAIPANDUANJUZHONGYEJIAOSHAOCHUXIANXIANDAIHANYUPANDUANJUDEBIAOZHICI“SHI”。HANYUDEZHEIZHONGXINGSANYIZHAN、XUZIFADADEYIHETEDIANCHENGJIULELAOZITIANQISHIDEYUSHUO。QIYUSHUOKANSISHENMEYEMEISHUO,SHIZEZAIBUZHUO,HUOZHEGENGQUEQIEDISHUO,SHIZAILIULU。LAOZIDEHUAYU,MEIYOURENWUDEQIANGXINGJIERU,MEIYOUYANMIDELUOJILUNZHENG,“ZHIPINGPUZHIXUDISHUOXIAQU,YIDUANDUANGEYANJINGJULIANZHUIZAIYIQI,XIANGYICHUANCHUANZHENZHU,YEXIANGSHIPANGBAI,SUIZHESUIYUELIUSHI,YIJUYIJUZIGUZIDISHUOZHE,SIHAOYEBUZHANGYANG”5。SIXIANGDEYINGZISIYOUHAIWU,GUANNIANDEZONGJIKEXUNKEQI,ZAIMINGBAIWUWUZHANSHIDETONGSHI,YOUBAOLIUZHEMIERBUXUANDEDIYUN,SHISIXIANGDEYANSHUOJUYOUYIZHONGLINGRENWUFAKANGJUDERUNZEZUOYONG。TONGGUOYINXINGDEYANSHUO,SHENGRENDEJIAOHUAANSHIQIEYOUYOUQIFA;DUISIXIANGDEJILIKANSIQINGWEI,QUEMIANYANBUJUE。DAODEJING“……WOMENWUFAZUDANGTADUIWOMENDE‘JINRUN’ZUOYONG。SHENGRENDEHUADUIWOMENDESIXIANGMEIYOUZAOCHENGBIPOZHISHI,QUESHENTOULEWOMENDESIXIANG,RONGHUAZAIWOMENDESIXIANGDANGZHONG,‘MUYU’BINGGANRANLEWOMENDESIXIANG……ZAIBUZHIBUJUEDANGZHONGCHUANBOZHE,YEYINGXIANGLEQITADEFANGMIAN,RANGRENSHUNZHETONGYANGDESILUKAOLVQITADELINGYU,QITAGENGJIAGUANGFANDE,SHANGWEIFAXIANDELINGYU”6。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSIXIANGJUYOUGAODUZONGHEXING,TONGYIBUZHEZUOZHONGCHANGBAOHANZHEXUE、LISHI、WENXUE、YUYAN、YISHUDENGBUTONGDECHENGFENHESIWEIFANGSHI,YINERKEBEIGEZHONGBUTONGQINGXIANGDESIXIANGLILUNYUNYONGDAOBUTONGDESHEHUIHUANJINGZHONG。KEYISHUO,RENLEISUOYOUDEZIWOLIJIE,DOUSHIZAIMOUGEBEILIJIEDETAWUSHANGSHIXIANDE,BINGQIEBAOHANZHEZHEIGETAWUDETONGYIXINGHETONGYIXING,HOUSHIDEJIEDUDUIYU《DAODEJING》YUANWENLAISHUOSHIYIZHONGYOUYIDE“ZAIDEKUOCHONG”7。SHIJIANJULIWEIJIJIDECHUANGZAOXINGDELIJIETIGONGLEKENENG,SHILIUCHUANWUYIGENGJIAFENGFUCHONGSHIDEMIANMAOZHANXIAN。MINZUWENHUAYAOBAOCHICHIXUFAZHAN,BIXUDERONGJINRENLEIWENMINGFAZHANDEHONGLIU。ANLEZHE、HAODAWEIRENWEI:“《DAODEJING》DEGUIHUAJIUSHIYAOCONGWOMENMEIYIGERENDANGZHONGZUIDAXIANDUDIYOUSUOQUYI,ERWOMENMEIGERENDOUSHIYIZHONGDUTEJINGYANDEZONGJI。”8《DAODEJING》ZAIXIFANGSHIJIEYONGYOUZHONGDUODEDUZHE,CENGCIBUTONG,SHIJIAOGEYI。DANZONGDESHUOLAI,XIFANGSHIJIEDUIYU《DAODEJING》DEGUANZHUJUEBUJINJINSHIMANZUDUITAYIMINZUWENHUADEHAOQIXIN,ERSHIYAOLIYONGZHONGGUOGUDAIDEWENHUA、ZHIHUICHUANTONGJIEJUEXIFANGDANGXIADEWENTI。

                                《DAODEJING》WENBENYANYUEYIFENG、HANHONGWANHUI,NEIRONGCHENGXIANCHU“KONG”DEXINGSHI,MEIYIGECI、MEIYIGEXINGXIANGDOUZHIXIANGWUXIANDECHANSHIKONGJIAN,QIYUYIDEHANHUXINGSHITAZONGHUIGENJUBUTONGDELISHIHUANJINGHEGERENQINGKUANGSHENGCHUXINDEYIYILAI,RENHEJIEDUDOUZHINENGJIANGQIMOUYIFANGMIANDENEIRONGJUTIHUA,CONGERSHIQICHENGWEIGEZHONGSIXIANGDEYIFUZHEDEFUSHUWENBEN。LIDAIJIEDUZHEGEZIBUTONGDELISHIHEWENHUAGUANQIANZAICANYUDAODUI《DAODEJING》DEJIEDUZHONG,ZAOJIULEXUANLIDUOZIDE“LAOXUE”WENHUAJINGGUAN:ZHENGZHIJIAKANDAOLEZHIGUOFANGLVE、JUNSHIJIAKANDAOLEYONGBINGZHIDAO、QIYEJIAKANDAOLEGUANLIJINGYAN、YANGSHENGJIAKANDAOLEDAOFAZHISHU……ZHEIXIEJIONGRANYOUBIEDEJIELUN,BINGFEILAOZICHUANGSHENG《DAODEJING》ZHISHIJIUGUHUADE,ERSHIJIEDUZHEANZHAOYIYOUDEZHISHIJIEGOU,DUI《DAODEJING》SIXIANGNEIHANDECHANSHIYUJIANGOU。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   《DAODEJING》SIXIANGNEIRONGDERICHANGJINGYANXINGHENRONGYIYUGUJINZHONGWAISIXIANGTIXIXIANGRONG,JUYOUJIAOGAODEXIANDAIXIANGRONGXINGHECANYUXIANDAIXUESHUTAOLUNDEFENGHOUQIANLI。LIANGQIANWUBAIDUONIANLAIDEDAOXUESHIYONGZHECONG《DAODEJING》ZHONGJIQUYOULIDEJIAOYI,XINGCHENGLEYUZHOULAOZI、ZHEXUELAOZI、DAODELAOZI、ZHENGZHILAOZI、JUNSHILAOZI、YANGSHENGLAOZI、JINGJILAOZI、MEIXUELAOZI、DAOJIAOLAOZI、WENXUELAOZI、YISHULAOZI、ZIRANLAOZI、WULILAOZIDENGDUYIWUERDEXUESHUJINGGUAN。JIHUGEXINGGEYEDOUKEYICONGLAOZIXUESHUOZHONGZHAODAOBENXINGYEXIANDAIFAZHANDEZHIHUIZHIDAO。BUTONGSHIQIDE《DAODEJING》ZHUSHU,DOUZHENDUIQISHIDAISUOLITUJIEJUEDELILUNHEXIANSHIWENTI,YINERDOUZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGFANYINGLEDANGSHIDESHIDAIJINGSHEN,SHIQISHIDAISICHAOZAI《DAODEJING》WENBENZHONGDETOUSHE。20SHIJI80NIANDAIYILAI,GUOWAIHANXUEYANJIUYUGUONEIXIANQINZHUZIYANJIUJIEGUI,XUESHUJIESIXIANGJIEFANG,CHANSHISHIYUTUOKUAN,DUI《DAODEJING》DEZHUJIE、SHIYIHEKAOZHENGYANJIUGENGSHICHENGXIANYIPAIBAIJIAZHENGMINGDEXINXINXIANGRONGJINGXIANG,GEXINGGEYEDEXUEZHEDOUZHUANXIANGDUILAOZIXUESHUODEYANJIU,LITUXUNZHAOZIJILINGYUZHONGDONGFANGZHIHUIDEQISHIYICUSHENGXINDEXUESHUSHENGZHANGDIAN。

                                三、道家核心思想的世界性意义

                                《DAODEJING》ZIWENSHIYILAIDELIANGQIANWUBAINIANJIAN,RENMENDUIQISIXIANGYIHANDECHANSHICONGWEITINGZHIGUO,ZHEIXIEGEBUXIANGTONGDEJIEDUJIDAFENGFULEDAOJIASIXIANGDEZHEXUETIXI。DANZONGTIERYAN,RENMENDUIDAOJIAZHEXUEDEZHONGYAOSIXIANGTIXIYIJIBENDACHENGGONGSHI,PUBIANRENWEI“LAOZISHIGEPOSUDEZIRANZHUYIZHE。TASUOGUANXINDESHIRUHEXIAOJIERENLEISHEHUIDEFENZHENG,RUHESHIRENMENSHENGHUOXINGFUANNING。TASUOQIWANGDESHI:RENDEXINGWEINENGQUFAYU‘DAO’DEZIRANXINGYUZIFAXING;ZHENGZHIQUANLIBUGANSHERENMINDESHENGHUO;XIAOCHUZHANZHENGDEHUOHAI;YANGQISHECHIDESHENGHUO;ZAISHANGZHEYINDAORENMINFANHUIZHENCHENGPOZHIDESHENGHUOXINGTAIYUXINJING”9。DAOJIA“WUWEI”“BUZHENG”“SHANGHE”“GUISHENG”DENGRENSHENGLUN、ZHENGZHILUNSIXIANGSHOUDAOJIEDUZHEDECHONGFENGUANZHU,ZAILISHIDEZHANGHEZHONGYIYISHENGHUI。ZAIQUANQIUHUARIYITUIJIN,WENHUACHONGTU、ZHONGZUCHONGTUBUDUANFASHENGDEDANGXIA,YUELAIYUEDUODEXIFANGXUEZHEGUANZHUZHONGGUODIANJI《DAODEJING》,JIEHEGEZIDESHEHUILISHIJINGYUFUYUDAOJIASIXIANGYISHIJIEXINGYIYI,SHIZHIYOUXIAOCANYURENLEIWENMINGDEHUJIANYUHUHUI10。

                                (一)“无为”“不争”诠释和平共处的世界性意义

                                《DAODEJING》WENBENSUIRANHANHONGWANHUI、YANYUEYIFENG,JIUQIBENZHIQUESHIYIBENLAOZIXIEJI“SHENGREN”“HOUWANG”DENGZAISHEHUISHANGZHANJUZHUDAODIWEIZHIRENDEDAODEBAOJIAN,TAXIWANGZHEIXIEJUYULINGDAODIWEIDENANRENSHIXINGCIROUDEZHENGCE,SHIXINGWUWEIERZHI,SHIXIANZIRANHEXIE。“WUWEI”GAINIANZAI《DAODEJING》ZHONGTEBIEZHONGYAO,ZHEIGEJIANYIJISHENGWANGDECELVESHIFENJIANDAN,JISHIFANGXIAOSHUIDEWUWEI、BUZHENGHESHANLIWANWU。SHUIWUZUOWEI,QUECHENDIANZAZHICHENGQINGZIWO,ZIYANGZHIWUSHENGZHANG。YUZHIXIANGSI,ZHENZHENGDESHENGRENZONGSHIWUWEI,NEIZHONGDANYUXUEXIYUSHIJIZHENGWUDERENDESHENSISHULVDEYOUWEI,ZUIHOUZHONGJIANGTULAOWUGONG。“CHULECONG‘DAOCHANGWUWEI’ZHEIYIBENTILUNDEGAODUCHANFA‘WUWEI’BIRANXINGZHIWAI,LAOZIYOUCONGZHENGZHICENGMIANLUNZHENGLE‘BUKEWEI’DEDAOLI。……ZAICHONGFENLUNZHENG‘WUWEI’ZHIHELIXINGJICHUSHANG,LAOZIJIANGWUWEIERZHIDEYUANZEYINGYONGYUZHENGZHILINGYU,TICHULE‘SHENGRENCHUWUWEIZHISHI’DEZHUZHANG。”11

                                1988NIAN,SHIRENMEIGUOZONGTONGDELIGENZAIGUOQINGZIWENZHONGYINYONG《DAODEJING》ZHONG“ZHIDAGUORUOPENGXIAOXIAN”,JIANG《DAODEJING》YINGYITUIXIANGYIGELISHIGAODIAN,MEIGUOYOU8JIACHUBANGONGSIZHENGZHECHUBANYINGYI《DAODEJING》,HAPO-KELINSI(Harper-Collins)CHUBANGONGSIZUIZHONGYI13WANMEIYUANGOUDESHIDIFEN·MIXIEER(Stephen Mitchell)YIGAODECHUBANQUAN,GAISHUCHUBANHOUDUANDUAN8NIANJIAN,ZONGJIFAXING55WANYUCE,QIBANQUANZHIGAO、FAXINGSHULIANGZHIDA、YINGXIANGZHIGUANGFAN,ZAI《DAODEJING》YINGYILISHISHANGDOUSHIJIQIHANJIANDE。NENGGOUZAIZHONGDUOYINGYIBENZHONGTUOYINGERCHU,HENDACHENGDUSHANGYUANZIYIZHEMIXIEERDUI《DAODEJING》“WUWEI”“BUZHENG”DENGZHILISIXIANGDESHENKETIREN,BUJINYINGHELEZANZHURENDEXUQIU,YEMANZULEJINGJIZHIZHANGSHIQIRENMENCONGZHONGJIQUGUANLIZHIHUI、TUIDONGJINGJIFAZHANDEPOQIEXUQIU。2011NIANLIANRENLIANHEGUOMISHUZHANGDEPANJIWENZAIJIUZHIYANSHUOZHONGYUANYIN《DAODEJING》“TIANZHIDAO,LIERBUHAI;SHENGRENZHIDAO,WEIERBUZHENG”DEMINGYAN,BIAOSHIJIANGYONGDAOJIA“BUZHENG”SIXIANGJIANXING《LIANHEGUOXIANZHANG》SHIDAIJINGSHEN,JIANGZHEIYIZHIHUIYINGYONGDAOGONGZUOZHONG,YUGEGUOYIQIGONGTONGYINGDUIDANGJINSHIJIEDETIAOZHAN,QIUTONGCUNYI,XIAOCHUZHENGDUAN,ZHAODAOXINGDONGSHANGDETONGYIXING。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   20SHIJIMOQIYINGYUSHIJIEDE《DAODEJING》YANJIUYUFANYIRECHAOZHONG,GUANLIXUEZHEYUEHAN·HAIDEJIYU《DAODEJING》SHIJIEERZUODE《LINGDAOZHIDAO:〈DAODEJING〉DEYUANGUZHIHUI》(The Tao of Leadership:The ancient wisdom of the Tao Te Ching,1985)HE《LINGDAOZHIDAO:XINSHIQIDELINGDAOCELVE》(The Tao of Leadership:Leadership Strategies for a New Age,1986)LIANGBUZUOPINHUODEYIXIANGBUDAODEGUANZHU。JIAZAZHE《DAODEJING》YINGYI、CHANSHIHEGEANFENXIDE《LINGDAOZHIDAO:〈DAODEJING〉YUANGUZHIHUI》ZHIJINBAOCHIZHEMEINIANZHONGXINKANYINYICIDESUDU。《DAODEJING》57ZHANG:“WOWUWEI,ERMINZIHUA;WOHAOJING,ERMINZIZHENG;WOWUSHI,ERMINZIFU;WOWUYU,ERMINZIPO。”HAIDECONGXIANDAILINGDAOHEGUANLIJIAODUCHUFA,TUICHUYINGYIJIQIQUBIANCHANSHI:“YINGMINGDELINGDAOZHEHUIZAITUANDUIZHONGJIANLIQIYIZHONGQINGXINERHEXIEDEFENWEI,ZAICIHUANJINGXIATUANDUIYIJIANKANGDEFANGSHIZIRANYUNXING。LINGDAOZHECHENMOBUYAN,TUANDUIYIRANYOUXUYUNZHUAN;LINGDAOZHEBUQIANGZHIGUANLI,TUANDUIYIRANFAHUIZHEZIJIDEQIANLI;LINGDAOZHEWUSIFENGXIAN,TUANDUICHENGYUANYEDOUJINXINJINLI。SHENJIAOERFEIYANCHUAN,CAISHIHAODELINGDAO。”122010NIANELUOSIZONGTONGMEIDEWEIJIEFUXIANGCHUXISHENGBIDEBAOGUOJIJINGJILUNTANDEYUHUIZHEJIANYI:“ZUNXUNZHONGGUOGUDAIWEIDAZHEXUEJIALAOZIDEJIAOHUILAIYINGDUISHIJIEJINRONGWEIJI。”

                                DAOJIAZHI“DAO”YITUOYUSHUI,SHUISHANQUCONG,MEIYOURENHEZHUDONGXINGWEI,《DAODEJING》GAOJIETONGZHIZHEHUOXIANGZAIWEILUANZHISHIQIUSHENGCUNDERENMEN,QUDESHENGLIDEFANGFASHIFENJIANDAN,JIMOFANGSHUIDEXINGNENG。SHUIYANGYUWANWU,WANWUXIANGSHUI,DANSHUIBINGBUQIANGXINGZHIPEIWANWU。“DADAOFANXI,QIKEZUOYOU。WANWUSHIZHIYISHENGERBUCI,GONGCHENGBUMINGYOU。YIYANGWANWUERBUWEIZHU,KEMINGYUXIAO;WANWUGUIYANERBUWEIZHU,KEMINGWEIDA。YIQIZHONGBUZIWEIDA,GUNENGCHENGQIDA。”(《DAODEJING》34ZHANG)YINCI,“TIANXIAMOROURUOYUSHUI,ERGONGJIANQIANGZHEMOZHINENGSHENG,YIQIWUYIYIZHI。RUOZHISHENGQIANG,ROUZHISHENGGANG,TIANXIAMOBUZHI,MONENGXING”(《DAODEJING》78ZHANG)。DAOJIADE“ROURUO”“BUZHENG”,“BINGBUSHIYIZHONGZIWOFANGQI,BINGBUSHIDUIYUYIQIESHI、YIQIERENDEFANGQI,YEBUSHITAOLISHEHUIHUODUNRUSHANLIN。TADE‘BUZHENG’DEGUANNIAN,NAISHIWEILEXIAOCHURENLEISHEHUIBUPINGDEZHENGDUANERTICHUDE。”13DUIYUTIXIANLAOZI“YIRUOKEGANG”LINGDAOCELVEDEZHEIYIZHANG,YUEHAN·HAIDEJIESHISHUO:“SHUISHIBIANDONGDE,ROURUANDE,DANSHISHUIDISHICHUAN。XIANERYIJIAN,BIANDONG、ROURUODEDONGXINENGGOUZHANSHENGYIQIEJIANYINGHEWANQIANGDEDONGXI。MINGZHIDELINGDAOMINGBAI‘SHIRUO’BI‘CHENGQIANG’GENGYOUXIAOGUO,‘ROURUO’NENGGOUHUAJIEQIANGYINGDEDIKANG。LINGDAOZHEWUXUYUZHENGGETUANDUIDELILIANGDUIKANG,TAZHIXUYAODONGDEROURUO、BAORONG、RENQIZIRANYUNXINGJIKE。LINGDAOZHEHUICHENGSHOUHENDUODEYALI,RUGUOTABUDONGDEXIANGSHUIYIYANGROURUOJIUHUIZAOSHOUCUOZHE。LINGDAOZHEZHISUOYICHENGWEILINGDAO,JIUZAIYUZHANGWOLE‘ROURUAN’DENENGLI。ZHEITIXIANLELINGWAIYIGEBEILUN:RUOJISHIQIANG。”14BUZHENG,QUSHUNYURENHEQIANGLIDEGONGJI,ZHEISHISHENGHUO、GUANLIYUZHANZHENGZHONGDEZUIGAOCELVE,ZHENGRUSHUIZHIBUZHENGYUSHOUXIAYIYANG,“SHANGSHANRUOSHUI。SHUISHANLIWANWUERBUZHENG……FUWEIBUZHENG,GUWUYOU。”(《DAODEJING》8ZHANG)“BUZHENG”YU“WUWEI”SHITONGYIPINZHIDELIANGGEBUTONGCEMIAN,LAOZIYI“SHANGSHANRUOSHUI”XINGRONGSHANGDEZHIREN,HAIDEJIANGQIZUOWEIYOUXIULINGDAOZHEDEXINGWEIZHUNZE,JIANG“SHANGSHANRUOSHUI”FANYIWEI“YINGMINGDELINGDAOZHEXIANGSHUIYIYANG”,YI“SHUI”BIYU“LINGDAOZHIDAO”,CONG“SHUI”DETEXINGZHONGCHOUXIANGCHUZUOWEILINGDAOZHEYINGDANGXIQUDEZHIHUI。

                                《DAODEJING》DI56ZHANGYOU“CUOQIRUI,JIEQIFEN,HEQIGUANG,TONGQICHEN,SHIWEIXUANTONG。”QIZHONG“XUANTONG”ZHIDESHI“XUANMIAOQITONGDEJINGJIE”,ZAILAOZIKANLAI,ZHIYOUTONGGUO“CUORUI”“JIEFEN”“HEGUANG”“TONGCHEN”,CAINENGDADAOZHEIYIHEXIEDEZUIGAOJINGJIE,“XIAOCHUGEWODEGUBI,HUACHUYIQIEDEFENGBIGEHE,CHAOYUEYUSHISUBIANXIADERENLUNGUANXIZHIJUXIAN,YIKAIHUODEXINXIONGYUWUSUOPIANDEXINJINGQUDAIYIQIERENWU。”15JIURENLEISHEHUIGUANXIERYAN,“XUANTONG”ZHIDEJIUSHIGUOYUGUOZHIJIANHEPINGGONGCHUDEZUIJIAZHUANGTAI,GEGUOZHIJIANZAICHENGRENDUOYANGXINGHECHAYIXINGJICHUSHANGJIANSHOU“GEMEIQIMEI”DEYUANZE,ZUIZHONGSHIXIAN“MEIRENZHIMEI”“MEIMEIYUGONG”DECHAORANZHUANGTAI。

                                (二)“尚和”“贵生”呼应人类命运共同体观念

                              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAZHONGZIGUJIUYOU“SHANGHE”DECHUANTONG,“HE”DELINIANYUANYUANLIUZHANG、DAIDAIXIANGCHUAN,BEIKONGZISHIZUOZUIGAODEWENHUACHENGJIU,YESHIDAOJIASIXIANGTIXIZHONGDEGUANXICHANGYUJIAODIAN,TIXIANLEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUADEJIBENJIAZHI,ZAIZHONGGUOWENHUAYISHIZHONGJUYOUJIDUANDEZHONGYAOXING。“HE”DEGAINIANHANGAI“HEXIE”“HEXIEZHUANGTAI”“HEXIEXING”DENG,QIANGDIAOGERENYIJIGERENSUOCHUDEYIZHENGTAOGUANXI,ZHIXIANG“YIZHONGSHIXIANDE‘HE’ZHUANGTAI,BUSHIJIANDANDIPINGJIEXUERUOFENQIERYOUDE‘XIANGYIXING’HUXIANGRONGREN,GENGZHONGYAODE,SHIYIGECHUANGZAOXINGYUFENGFUXINGJIEGUO———CHAYIXINGBEIXIEDIAOWEIDAOZHICHUYIZHONGZUIJIAZHUANGTAI”16。RUHENENGGOUZUODAORENYUZISHEN、RENYUZIRAN、RENYUSHEHUI、RENYUQISUOCHUDEYUZHOUWANWUDEHEXIEXIANGCHU?《DAODEJING》SUOQIANGDIAODE“SHESHENG”“GUISHENG”“ZIAI”HE“ZHANGSHENGJIUSHI”WEICITIGONGLEHUIYING。RUJIAHEDAOJIAHUOYINHUOXIANDOUBA“SHENG”(“MING”/“QI”/“XING”/“SHEN”/“XING”)RENSHIWEIMOUZHONGYOUZHONGZHONGHUBULILIANGDEXIANGHUZUOYONGGOUCHENGHECHANSHENGZISHENYUNDONGDEBUDUANJINXINGDEGUOCHENG,《DAODEJING》YOU:“CHUSHENGRUSI。SHENGZHITU,SHIYOUSAN;SIZHITU,SHIYOUSAN;RENZHISHENG,DONGZHIYUSIDI,YISHIYOUSAN。FUHEGU。YIQISHENGZHIHOU。”YEJIUSHISHUO,ZHEIGESHIJIEDAOCHUMAIFUZHEWEIXIAN,SHENGMINGSUISHISHOUDAOWEIXIE,GUYINGFANGHUANWEIRAN,FANGWEI“SHENGENGUDI,ZHANGSHENGJIUSHIZHIDAO”。DAOJIAOJINGDIAN《LAOZIXIANGERZHU》GENGSHIJIANG“SHENG”DAITI“REN”,ERYUDAO、TIAN、DIBINGLIEWEI“YUZHONGSIDA”,RENWEI“SHENG”SHI“DAODEBIETI”,SHIDAOZAITIANDIJIANDEJUTIXIANXIAN,WUSHENGMINGJIWUDADAO。DAOJIASHENGMINGLUNLIDEJIBENJIAZHIQUXIANG“SHANGHE”“GUISHENG”,JUEYULAOZIDAOSHENGWANWUDEYUZHOUGUAN,SHIDAOJIADEZHEXUEJUYOUYIZHONGBENZHISHANGDEJIJIJINQUJINGSHEN,WEIJINSHIXUEZHEXUNQIUXIAOMIRENLEIZHANYOUCHONGDONG、HUANHERENLEISHEHUICHONGTUDENULIZHIMINGLEFANGXIANG17。

                                XINSHIQIYILAI,ZHONGGUOXIANGSHIJIEFACHUGOUJIAN“RENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI”DESHIDAIZUIQIANGYIN,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDUOCICONGLISHIHEZHEXUEGAODUXIANGSHIJIECHANSHI“RENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI”DEJUTINEIHAN,HUYUGUOJISHEHUIXIESHOUGONGJIANCHIJIUHEPING、PUBIANANQUAN、GONGTONGFANRONG、KAIFANGBAORONG、QINGJIEMEILIDESHIJIE。GOUJIANXINSHIDAI“RENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI”QIZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEYIDIANJIUSHIYAOZOUCHUYITIAOBICIBINGCUN、HEHEGONGSHENGDEBAOZHANGSHIJIEANQUANDEXINLU。DAOJIASIXIANGTIXIZHONGDE“SHANGHE”ZHEXUENENGGOUYOUXIAOZHIDAOGUOJISHEHUIGONGTONGMOUQIUHEPING、HEZUO、GONGPINGYUGONGYING,XUNQIURENLEIGONGTONGLIYIHEGONGTONGJIAZHI,DAZAOCHIJIU、HEPINGDE“RENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI”。

                                1.战争与“和平”

                              棋牌大全下载安装   WANGLI《LAOZIYANJIU》DI6ZHANG“DAOYONG”SHEZHUANJIEPOUXI“FEIZHAN”SIXIANG,RENWEI“LAOZIZHIFEIZHAN,GENYUSHOUROU。SHOUROU,SIBUZHENGYI”。“LAOZICHIZHENG、FEIZHAN,JIZHANYI,YIWEIWEIKEERBUWEIZHU,TUICHIERBUJINCUN;YOUCHENGKEGONGERBUGONG,YOUDIKELVEERBULVE……”1820SHIJICHU,DIYICISHIJIEDAZHANDEBAOFABIAOZHIZHEXIFANGLIXINGWENHUADEZHONGJIEHEJIQIWENMINGDEBENGKUI。MIANDUIZHANZHENGDEDAOLAI,ZONGJIAOZUZHITANHUAN,JISHIMINGWANGHENGAODEXUEZHEHEJIAOHUILINGXIUYEWUFABARENMENCONGZHANZHENGDEYINYUNZHONGZHENGJIUCHULAI。JIEHOUYUSHENG,XUDUOXUEZHEDUIXIFANGWENHUAJINXINGLERENZHENDEJIANTAO,DUIXIFANGWENMINGSHENGANJUEWANG。TAMENZAIDONGFANGWENHUATEBIESHIZHONGGUORENDESHENGHUOZHIHUIZHONG,XUNZHAODAOYIZHONGGENZHIYUZIRANBENNENG、ZHUIQIUHEXIE、ZUNXUNYUZHOUGUILVDELIXIANGYANGTAI,RENWEIZHIYOUZHEIZHONGXIANGNEIYONGLI、SHIFENHANXUDEWENHUACAISHIJIEJIUOUZHOUWEIJIDE“LIANGYAO”。LAOZIZHEXUEZHONGFANDUIZHANZHENG(“FUBINGZHE,BUXIANGZHIQI”“DAJUNZHIHOU,BIYOUXIONGNIAN”)、ZHUZHANGHEXIEDEGUANDIAN,YINQIYIDAPIPAOQILEOUZHOUZHONGXINZHUYIHEXIFANGWENHUAYOUYUELUNDEWENHUAXUEZHEDEGONGMING,TAMENRENSHIDAOLAOZISIXIANGDUIYUXIAOMIRENLEIZHANYOUCHONGDONG、HUANHERENLEISHEHUICHONGTUSUOJUYOUDESHIDAIXINGYIYI。

                                XUEZHEMENZAIYUDONGFANGWENHUADEJIECHUYUPENGZHUANGZHONGFAXIAN《DAODEJING》FANZHAN、CHIZHANDEHEPINGLINIANDUIYUHUANJIESHEHUIDECHONGTUYUDONGDANGJUYOUSHIDAIXINGDEYIYI。TAMENYANEZHENGDOU,FANDUIQIONGBINGDUWU,XIANGWANGLAOZISUOMIAOHUIDERENREN“GANQISHI,MEIQIFU,LEQISU,ANQIJU”DEHEPINGSHENGHUOZHUANGTAI。ZHEIYISHIQI,YIArthur WaleyWEIDAIBIAODEZHONGXIFANGYIZHEDADUOZAIYINGYI《DAODEJING》WENBENZHONGTUXIAN“HEPING”“FANZHAN”LINIAN。“TIANXIAYOUDAO,QUEZOUMAYIFEN,TIANXIAWUDAO,RONGMASHENGYUJIAO”(《DAODEJING》46ZHANG),SHI《DAODEJING》ZHONGHEPINGLINIANDEZHONGYAOBIAODA,WENZISHENGDONGJIANJIE,JUYOUSHENKEDENEIHAN。WEILIJIANGZHIFANYIWEI:

                              棋牌大全下载安装   When there is Tao in the empire/The galloping steeds are turned back to fertilize the ground by their droppings./When there is not Tao in the empire,/War horses will be reared even on the sacred mounds below the city walls19.

                              棋牌大全下载安装   CHUNQIUZHANGUOSHIQI,“MA”JISHIZHANLI,YOUSHICHULI,JIANJUZHANZHENGYUHEPINGZHEIYISHUANGZHONGHANYI。“ZOUMAYIFEN”,YIJIRANGZHANMATUIHAIDAOTIANJIANLISHIFENFEIGENGTIAN。DANGTONGZHIZHEZHIGUOYOUDAOSHI,JIUBUHUIZHANLUANPINFANFASHENG,BAIXINGMENJIUNENGGOUANJULEYE;“RONGMASHENGYUJIAO”,ZHIPINMASHENGJUDUYUZHANDIDEJIAOYE,YIWEIGUOJIAZHENGZHIBUSHANGGUIDAO,ZHANLUANBUDUAN,LIANHUAITAIDEMUMAYEYONGLAIZUOZHAN。TONGGUOZHEIYANGDEDUIBI,FANYINGLELAOZIQIANGLIEDEFANZHAN、YANZHANSIXIANG,XIANGWANG“ZOUMAYIFEN”DEHEPINGSHENGHUO。WEILIDEFANYIJINGQUEZAIXIAN《DAODEJING》WENBENCHUSHIYIYIDETONGSHI,YOUBIAODACHUXIANGWANGHEPINGDEYUANWANG,ZAIDANGSHIDEXIFANGSHEHUIYINQIJIAODAHONGDONG。

                                ZAIDI30ZHANGZHONG,LAOZIZHENGMIANLUNSHULEYONGBINGHEZHANZHENGDEWENTI:“YIDAOZUORENZHUZHE,BUYIBINGQIANGTIANXIA,QISHIHAOHAI。SHIZHISUOCHU,JINGJISHENGYAN。DAJUNZHIHOU,BIYOUXIONGNIAN。”LAOZIRENWEIZHANZHENGSHIRENLEIZUIYUMEI、ZUICANKUDEXINGWEI,“SHIZHISUOCHU,JINGJISHENGYAN”,“DAJUNZHIHOU,BIYOUXIONGNIAN”,JIESHILEZHANZHENGJIRENMENDAILAIDEYANZHONGHOUGUO。WEILIDUIZHEIYILUNSHUFANYIRUXIA:

                              棋牌大全下载安装   He who by Tao purposes to help a ruler of man/Will oppose all conquest by force of arms;/For such things are wont to rebound.Where armies are,thorns and brambles grow.The raising of a great host/Is followed by a year of dearth20.

                                WEILIZAICICAIYONGLEZHIYIDEFANGSHI,JIANGLAOZIDEYONGBINGZHIDAOYUZHANZHENGDEHOUGUOCHUANDACHULAI。“oppose all conquest by force of arms”JI“FANDUIYIQIEDEWULIZHENGFU”,BIAOXIANCHUQIANGLIEDEFANZHANYISHI,ZAIXIANLEYUANWENDEZHENSHIYIYI。WaleyZAIFANYI“QISHIHAOHAI”SHIHAIDUI“rebound”YICIZUOLETEBIEJIESHI:literally,“To be reversed”.He who overcomes by violence will himself be overcome by violence。TONGGUOJIESHIXINGDEFANYI,WEILIZHEYIQIANGDIAOWULIZHENGZHANDEHOUGUO。TONGYANG,ZAIFANYI“DAJUNZHIHOU,BIYOUXIONGNIAN”YIJUSHI,YEDUI“dearth”JINXINGLEGENGJIAXIANGXIJUTIDEJIESHI:This does not only refer to direct destruction,but also to the curse that war brings upon herds and crops by its intrinsic“balefulness”。WEILIRENWEIZHANZHENGCHULEDAILAIRENMINZHIJIEPOHUAIZHIWAI,HAIDAILAILEYIXIEQIANZAIDEZIRANZAINAN。YIWENZHONGZHIJIEBIAOXIANCHUYIZHEDUIZHANZHENGDEYANEYUDUIHEPINGDEKEWANG。

                                2.治理与“和谐”

                                SHANGWENTIJIYINMEIGUOZONGTONGLIGENGUOQINGZIWENERHUOGAOEBANQUANDEYIZHESHIDIFEN·MIXIEER(Stephen Mitchell)ZAIYIWENCHUBANQIANYANZHONGMINGQUEZHICHU,《DAODEJING》WUQIANWENZIZHONGCHUCHULIUYIZHELAOZIDUISHEHUIDESHENQIEGUANHUAI,《DAODEJING》BENZHISHANGSHIYIBUGUANYUZHIGUOLIZHENGYISHUDEHONGLUN21。ZUOWEIWENXUEJIAHECHANGXIAOZUOJIA,MIXIEERYISHIDAO《DAODEJING》ZHEIYIZHIHUIWENBENDEYANCIMEILI,YISHIXINGDEHUAYUCHUANDIZHE《DAODEJING》DEZHIHUI,CANKAOZHONGDUOQITADEYINGWEN、DEWENHEFAWENYIBEN,ZHUZHONGZHANGXIANGUOJIAZHILI、SHEHUIHEXIEYUSHENXINHEXIELINIAN。

                                WEILEJIANGXUANMIAO、DIANYAHECHONGMANZHIHUIDE《DAODEJING》“HEXIE”LINIANCHUANDAJIYINGMEIDUZHE,MIXIEERDUIYIWEIJUANYONG、WANHUATONGSIDE《DAODEJING》WENBENCHANGCAIQUBIANTONGDEFANGSHI,NULISHIXIANDAIDUZHENENGGOUGENGRONGYIDILIJIEYIWEN。TABAYIXIEXIFANGXIANDAIDUZHENANYILIJIEDESHEJIZHONGGUOGUDAISHEHUISHENGHUO、SHENGCHANDECIHUIBIANCHENGTAMENRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGCHANGJIANDEWUXIANG。“TIANXIAYOUDAO,QUEZOUMAYIFEN,TIANXIAWUDAO,RONGMASHENGYUJIAO”ZHANG,MIXIEERYIWENRUXIA:When a country is in harmony with the Tao,factories make trucks and tractors,and when a country goes counter to the Tao,warheads are stockpiled outside the cities.YAOLIJIEQIZHONGDE“ZOUMAYIFEN”HE“RONGMASHENGYUJIAO”DEWUXIANG,DUZHEXUYAODUIMABEIZUOZHANDEGUDAISHENGHUOJINXINGPIYUXINGTOUSHE。MIXIEERWEILEXIANDAIDUZHEJIESHOUDEBIANLI,WEISHIDAOJIADIANJIWEIXIANDAISHENGHUOTIGONGBIYAODEZHIHUIYINDAO,SHIYONGLEXUDUOXIANDAIGONGYESHEHUICAIYOUDEWUXIANG,RUfactories,trucks,tractors and citiesDENGJINXINGXIANDAIHUATIDAI,JIANGZHIHUIDEZHANGJINGTOULAZHIRENMENSHENGHUODEDANGXIA,SHIDEGUOJIAZHILIFANGLVEYUDANGSHIDECHENGSHI、GONGCHANG、KACHE、DAODANTOUDENGLIANXIQILAI,GOUZHILEERZHANHOUQIDAISHEHUIFAZHANQUEYOUZAOYUJINGJIZHIZHANGDECHENGSHISHENGHUOCHANGJING,BIAOXIANCHUDUIANDINGYOUXU、HEXIESHEHUIDEKEWANG。YONGCIFANGMIAN,MIXIEERFANYI“YOUDAO”SHIXUANYONG“in harmony with the Tao”,ERFEI“in accordance with”HE“in line with”DENGTONGYICI,YIZAIYINGZAOYIZHONGHEPING、NINGJINGDEFENWEI。

                                YOURU,《DAODEJING》DI80ZHANG:“GANQISHI,MEIQIFU,ANQIJU,LEQISU。LINGUOXIANGWANG,JIQUANZHISHENGXIANGWEN,MINZHILAOSIBUXIANGWANGLAI。”SHI《DAODEJING》ZHONGDUIXIAOGUOGUAMINZHENGZHISIXIANGDEJUTICHANSHU,CIWEILAOZIZAIGUDAINONGCUNSHEHUIJICHUSHANGSUOLIXIANGHUADEMINJIANSHENGHUOQINGJING,WAIYIHOUZAIXIFANGSHEHUIZHONGYINQILEHENDAGUANZHU。《DAODEJING》XIAOGUOGUAMINSIXIANGCHANGDAODESHIYIZHONGHEPINGANDINGYOUXUDESHEHUISHENGHUO,WEIQIRUCI,FANGKE“GANQISHI,MEIQIFU,ANQIJU,LEQISU”。MIXIEERYIWENSHI:People enjoy their food,/take pleasure in being with their families,/spend weekends working in their gardens,/delight in the doings of the neighborhood22。TAJIANGLAOZIZHUZHANG“XIAOGUOGUAMIN”DESHIWAITAOYUANBANDESHENGHUOZHUANHUAWEIYINGMEIRENRICHANGSHENGHUODEXIEZHAO。QISHI,TASHIZHENDUIDANGDAIMEIGUOSHEHUIJINGJIZHIZHANG、RENXINFUZAO、PUZHANGLANGFEI、LIHUNLVGAO、RENJIGUANXIDANMODENGSHEHUIXIANXIANG,DUILAOZIWENBENJINXINGQUXIANGHUAGAIXIE,BIAODALETADUIHEXIESHENGHUODEYUANWANGHEGUANZHU,XIWANGRENMENTONGGUOYUEDUDAOJIADIANJI,HUODEHEXIESHENGHUODEZHIDAO:JIARENTUANJUQILERONGRONG、ZHOUMOJUJIAANJINGXIANGHE、REXINGONGYIHUXIANGGUANXIN。YOUQISHI“delight in the doings of the neighbourhood”YIJUHENRONGYIZAIXIFANGDUZHEXINMUZHONGCHANSHENG“Love thy neighbours as thyself”DEHUWENLIANXIANGXIAOGUO。

                                LEISIZHEIYANGDEZHUANHUANZAIMIXIEERDEYIBENZHONGBINGBUHANJIAN,TASHENZHIDUISIXIANGGUOYUGUAODEMOUXIEZHANGJIEJINXINGSIXIANGNEIRONGSHANGDEQUXIANGXINGCHANSHI,YIZHANGXIANHEXIESHENGHUODEMIZUZHENGUI。《DAODEJING》DI59ZHANG:“ZHIRENSHITIAN,MORUOSE。FUWEISE,SHIWEIZAOFU;ZAOFUWEIZHIZHONGJIDE;ZHONGJIDEZEWUBUKE;WUBUKEZEMOZHIQIJI;MOZHIQIJI,KEYIYOUGUO;YOUGUOZHIMU,KEYIZHANGJIU;SHIWEISHENGENGUDI,ZHANGSHENGJIUSHIZHIDAO。”ZHEIYIZHANGDEZHONGDIANZAIYUJIANG“SE”,JIANGZHIGUOYANGSHENGDE“ZHANGSHENGJIUSHIZHIDAO”,DUIYURUHEQUYINGDUIZIRAN(TIAN)ZEZHIZIWEITI。LINXIYIRENWEI“SHITIAN”DANGZUO“YANGSHENG”JIE23。WEIBANGZHUMEIGUODANGDAIDAZHONGGENGHAOTIRENZHONGGUOSHIZHIGUOYANGSHENGDECHOUXIANGGAINIAN,MIXIEERJIANGZHEIYIZHANG“FUWEISE”YIXIADUIYU“SE”DEJUTICHANFAYIWEI:The mark of a moderate man/is freedom from his own ideas./Tolerant like the sky,/all-pervading like sunlight,/firm like a mountain,/supple like a tree in the wind,/he has no destination in view/and makes use of anything/life happens to bring his way./Nothing is impossible for him./Because he has let go,/he can care for the people’s welfare/as a mother cares for her child。YIWENZHONGCHONGYINGZHEPUSHIDEYUANRONGHEXIE,BUJINWEIZHIGUOYANGSHENGTIGONGZHIHUIYINDAO,NENGLINGGEXINGGEYEDERENMENCONGZHONGHUODEXINLINGDEZHIDAO。YOURUDILIUSHIBAZHANGYOUGUANYU“YONGRENZHIDAO”HE“KEDIZHIDAO”DEZHENYAN:“SHANWEISHIZHE,BUWU;SHANZHANZHE,BUNU;SHANSHENGDIZHE,BUYU;SHANYONGRENZHE,WEIZHIXIA。”MIXIEERJIANGQI“PUSHIHUA”,YIQIDUIXIANDAISHEHUIDEGEXINGGEYEYOUSUOQISHI:The best athlete/wants his opponent at his best./The best general/enters the mind of his enemy./The best businessman/serves the communal good./The best leader/follows the will of the people.

                                结语

                              棋牌大全下载安装   GEZHONGBUTONGSIWEISHIYUHUOWENHUABEIJINGDEXIANGHUJIAORONGSHIYIGEGULAOERXIANSHIDEJINGSHENNULIZHIQUXIANG。ZAIQUANQIUHUADEYUJINGXIA,WENMINGDE“DIYULISHI”YIRANWEI“SHIJIELISHI”SUOQUDAI,RENLEICHUANTONGDEDIFANGKUANGJIADESHIKONGJINGYANZHENGSHANBIANWEIQUANQIUDEZHENGQIHUAYIDEJINGYAN“ZUOJIA”。《DAODEJING》SHIWOGUODAOJIAXUEPAIHEDAOJIAOZUIZHEMINGDEYIBUJINGDIAN。TAZONGLUOBAIDAI,GUANGBOJINGWEI,DUANDUANWUQIANWEN,YI“DAO”WEIHEXIN,JIANGOULESHANGZHIDIWANGYUSHI,XIAZHIYINSHIXIUSHEN,YUNHANWUBIFENGFUDEZHELITIXI。SUIZHEZHONGGUODEFAZHANHEJUEQI,GUOJIHANXUEYANJIUCHUXIANQIANSUOWEIYOUDEKUAISUFAZHANHEFANRONG,《DAODEJING》YINYANJIUZHEZHONGDUO、CHENGGUOFENGSHUO、QIEYINGXIANGJUDA,BEIZUNWEI“HANXUEZHONGDEHANXUE”。

                              棋牌大全下载安装   XIFANGDUIBAOKUO《DAODEJING》ZAINEIDEZHONGGUOZHEXUEJIQISHIJIANDEJIEJIANYUNUOYONG,“SHITAMENZHONGXINRENSHIXIFANGJIAZHIHESHENGHUOFANGSHIDEYOUYONGGONGJU,WEITAMENTIGONGLECHAOYUEXIFANGJIAZHIDEDONGXI,TIGONGLEBUJINSHITAOBIERGENGSHIHUODEZHENGZHIJIEFANGDEDAOLU。……YIJINGJIXINSHIDAIYUNDONGZHURULEYIZHENGTAOGUANNIANHEFANGFA,SHEJIRUGERENCHENGZHANG、JIANKANG、XINLIYIJISHENGTAIDENGLINGYU。”24ZAIGUOJISHEHUIMOUQIUDUIHUAHEJIAOLIUDEDABEIJINGXIA,DUI《DAODEJING》SIXIANGYIHANSUOZHANGXIANDESHIJIEXINGYIYIDEPOUXI,BUJINYOULIYUXINSHIQIZHONGGUOWENHUAHAIWAIHUAYUTIXIDEGOUJIAN,YENENGGOUSHIWOMENGENGHAODIFANGUANZISHEN,HUODEFAZHANDENEIQULI。ZAIDANGJINSHIJIEJINGJIQUANQIUHUA、WENHUADUOYUANHUADEYUJINGXIA,ZHEIZHONGJUYOUDIANXINGYIYIDEGEANYANJIU,NENGGOUYOUXIAOHUIDA“CHUANTONG”ZAIYUQUANQIUHUADEZAOYUZHONGZOUXIANGHEFANG、RUHEBINGCHENG“CHUANTONG”BINGSHIXIAN“ZHUANHUAXINGCHUANGZAO”DENGSHIJIEXINGWENTI,WEIXINSHIQIDEGUJIN、ZHONGXIWENMINGHUJIANTIGONGDIANFANYIYI。

                                注释

                                1王一川:《杂语沟通》,湖北教育出版社2000年版,第60-68页。
                                2John C.H.Wu.Tao Teh Ching.Boston&London:Shambhala,1990,p.I.
                                3张少康:《中国文学理论批评发展史》,北京大学出版社1996年版,第58-61页。
                                4引自陈鼓应:《老子今注今译》,商务印书馆2004年版,第68页。
                                5Lionel Giles.“Foreword of Tao Te Ching”,Tao Te Ching.translated by Ch’u Ta-kao.London:Unwin Paperbacks,1982,pp.9-10.
                                6(法)弗朗索瓦·于连:《圣人无意:或哲学的他者》,商务印书馆2004年版,第34页。
                                7(法)弗朗索瓦·于连:《圣人无意:或哲学的他者》,商务印书馆2004年版,第38页。
                                8(德)伽达默尔:《真理与方法:哲学诠释学的基本特征》,上海译文出版社2004年版,第5-6页。
                                9安乐哲、郝大维:《〈道德经〉与关联性的宇宙论---一种诠释性的语脉》,《求是学刊》2003年第2期。
                                10陈鼓应:《老子今注今译》,商务印书馆2004年版,第14页。
                                11陈明:《当代西方心理学的哲学转向及其对道家思想借鉴与融合》,《湖湘论坛》2017年第5期。
                                12吕锡琛:《善政的追寻---道家治道及其践行研究》,人民出版社2014年版,第64-66页。
                                13John Heider.The Tao of Leadership:The Ancient Wisdom of the Tao Te Ching.Atlatas:Humanics Publishing(now:Green Dragon Publishing Group),1985,p.121.
                                14陈鼓应:《老子今注今译》,商务印书馆2004年版,第61页。
                                15John Heider.The Tao of Leadership:The Ancient Wisdom of the Tao Te Ching.Atlatas:Humanics Publishing(now:Green Dragon Publishing Group),1985,p.155.
                                16陈鼓应:《老子注译及评介》,中华书局1984年版,第283页。
                                17杨朝明:《孔子文化奖学术精粹丛书·安乐哲卷》,华夏出版社2015年版,第245-246页。
                                18李红霞:《海德格尔对〈老子〉的现象学与存在论解说》,《江汉论坛》2019年第2期。
                                19王力:《老子研究》,上海书店1992年版(据商务印书馆1928年版影印),第91-94页。
                                20Arthur Waley.The Library of Chinese Classics-Lao Zi.Hunan People’s Publishing House/Foreign Languages Press,1999,p.99.
                                21Arthur Waley.The Library of Chinese Classics-Lao Zi.Hunan People’s Publishing House/Foreign Languages Press,1999,p.63.
                                22Stephen Mitchell.Tao Te Ching.Harper Collins Publishers,1988,p.vii.
                                23Stephen Mitchell.Tao Te Ching.Harper Collins Publishers,1988,p.91.
                                24陈鼓应:《老子今注今译》,商务印书馆2004年版,第288页。
                                25(美)J.J.克拉克:《东方启蒙:东西方思想的遭遇》,上海人民出版社2011年版,第154-155页。

                              棋牌大全下载安装相关的文章
                              联系我们
                              • 写作QQ:
                              • 发表QQ:
                              • 服务电话:
                              • 售后电话:
                              • 邮箱:
                              范文范例

                              靠谱的棋牌---首页_Welcome 百灵拼三张-Welcome 蓝洞棋牌官网送3金币---首页_Welcome 035棋牌手游官网 聚友棋牌官网下载安装-首页