棋牌大全下载安装

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                          当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > “心”概念的体验性与隐喻分析

                          “心”概念的体验性与隐喻分析

                          时间:2019-02-19 09:29作者:鲁进
                          本文导读:这是一篇关于“心”概念的体验性与隐喻分析的文章,“心”是理学核心概念之一。心统摄性和情。理在天为命,在人为性。但心含性,主宰性,性在心的主宰下发而为情。心具有神明的知觉特点。

                            摘    要: 以朱熹为代表的理学家有很多关于心的隐喻性论述。心隐喻的体验性有中医学的理据,以本体隐喻的拟人和容器隐喻为特点。拟人隐喻突出心是主宰,会把捉、收敛,以道心控制人欲,以敬心控制散漫;容器隐喻突出心之虚,可以容万事、纳万理,说明精神空间的无限性。“虚心”属于容器隐喻,与之伴随的是其虚明的特点,与虚明隐喻伴随的是心的湛然隐喻。“明”和“正”是隐喻之心的本质属性,其对立面是“昏”和“偏”。心之“正”由具体的直立和位置的正中转变为抽象的正义和公平等意义,是隐喻和转喻共同作用的结果。

                            关键词: 棋牌大全下载安装心; 理学; 义理; 认知隐喻; 认知转喻;

                            “XIN”SHILIXUEHEXINGAINIANZHIYI。XINTONGSHEXINGHEQING。LIZAITIANWEIMING,ZAIRENWEIXING。DANXINHANXING,ZHUZAIXING,XINGZAIXINDEZHUZAIXIAFAERWEIQING。XINJUYOUSHENMINGDEZHIJUETEDIAN。

                            DUIXINDERENZHITAOLUNYOUHENDUO,RU“XIN”YINYUYUSHENTIJINGYANDEGUANXI,“XIN”YINYUDEDUOWEIKONGJIANJIEGOUDENG[1],DUIXINDERENZHITAOLUNZHUYAOZAI“XINWEIJUN”DEZHUZAIYIMIAN。DANSUOYOUTAOLUNDOUMEIYOUSHEJILIXUESUOZHONGSHIDEXINDEXUMING、ZHANRAN、ZHONGZHENGDEYINYUTEDIANYIJIQIZHEXUEHANYIYUZHUANYUDEGUANXI。

                            一、“心”概念的体验性

                            WOMENDUIXINDELIJIEWANQUANYITIYANWEIJICHU。XINDEJIBENYISHIRENTIQIGUANXINZANG,YINXINZANGWEIYUXIONGNEI,SUOYI,XINZAIGUWENXIANZHONGBEIZHUANYUWEIXIONGBUHEWEIBU。GURENBAXINSHIZUOKONGZHIRENDESIXIANGHEJINGSHENHUODONGDEQIGUAN,ZHEISHIGURENDUIYUZISHENTICHADEJIEGUO。ZHONGYIJINGMAIXUESHUOZHENGMINGLEXINYUNAOGUANXIMIQIE,RENDEJINGSHENHUODONG、XINLIJIANKANGYUXINYOUZHEZHIJIEHEJIANJIEDELIANXI,SUOYI,JIYUZISHENDEGUANCHAHETIYAN,GURENRENWEIXINYURENDESIXIANGHEGANQINGDEBIANHUAMIBUKEFEN,JUYOUZHIJUEDE、RENSHIDEGONGNENG。ZHEIZHONGJIYUZISHENGUANCHADETIYANDEJIEGUOFANYINGZAIYUYANDEYINYUBIAODASHANG,CHENGWEISIWEIDEYINYUXINGDEZHENGJU。

                            XINDETIYANXINGHAIZAIYUTAYUHUOXIANGGUAN。XINZAIWUXINGSHUHUO,RENTIXUEYESUIXINZANGDESHOUSUOHESHUZHANGZHOULIUQUANSHEN,RUHUOBANWENXURENTI。《HUANGDINEIJING》YUE:“NANFANGSHENGRE,RESHENGHUO,HUOSHENGKU,KUSHENGXIN,XINSHENGXUE,XUESHENGPI,XINZHUSHE。QIZAITIANWEIRE,ZAIDIWEIHUO,ZAITIWEIMAI,ZAIZANGWEIXIN;ZAISEWEICHI。”[2]ZHEIZHONGGUANYUXINDERENSHIWEIRAOZHEFANGWEI、WENDU、SECAI、XUEYEDENG,DUIYINGYURENTIQIGUANHEGANJUE,SHIRENDESHENTIHEHUANJINGGUANXIDEJINGYANZONGJIE。ZAISHENGHUOZHONG,XINZONGSHIDAIJIWOMENHUO、RE、WENNUAN、HONGSE、XUEYEDENGLIANXIANG,YINERWOMENRICHANGYUYANZHONGJINGCHANGYOURELIEDEXIN、RANSHAODEXIN、XINJIHUOLIAO、YOUXINRUFEN、XINXUELAICHAO、CHIXIN、DANXIN、HONGXIN、REXINDENGYINYUBIAODA。YINWEIHUOKEYIZHAOMING,WOMENHAIYOUXINMING、XINZHAO、XINGUANGHEXINDENGDENGYINYUBIAODA。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   CHULESHIJUEDEHONGSEHECHUJUEDEREGAN,XINDEYINYUDETIYANXINGBIAODAHAIYOUQITAGANJUEDEYINYUBIAODA,LIRU,ZAITINGJUEFANGMIANXINQU、XINSHENG、XINTINGDENG;ZAIXIUJUEFANGMIANXINXIANG、FANGXINDENG;ZAIWEIJUEFANGMIANKUXIN、CUXIN、SUANXIN、TIANXINDENG。

                            ZONGZHI,WOMENDUIXINDERENSHISHIJIANLIZAIDUISHENTIHEHUANJINGTIYANDEJICHUSHANGDE,YINCIWOMENYUYANZHONGGUANYUXINDEYINYUBIAODASHITIYANXINGDE。

                            二、“心”的概念隐喻

                            心的隐喻重点在本体隐喻,包括拟人隐喻、容器隐喻、水隐喻、实体隐喻。这些隐喻基于身体经验,把我们对于具体事物的经验认识投射到抽象事物,使得抽象事物具有实物特点,可以被量化、分类、组合。拟人是把事物具体化为人的隐喻,以便我们根据人的动机、特点、活动等来理解非人实体的各种经验。这是我们根据自身的需要有意识地选择人的不同方面或看待人的不同方式对非人实体进行描述。容器隐喻将心看作容器,具有内外空间。水隐喻突出了心如水的特点。实体隐喻将心看作一个需正确摆放的实体,必须正而不偏。
                           

                          “心”概念的体验性与隐喻分析
                           

                            (一)主宰的心

                            “XINSHIZHUZAI”SHINIRENYINYU。XINSHIZHUZAI,GUHUIYOUMUDEDIDUISHIWUJINXINGKONGZHI、BAZHUO。XINTONGSHIJUYOUCHANGRENDETEDIAN,HUI“SANMAN”HE“SHOULIAN”,JUYOURENXINGDETEDIAN。

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                            CIWAI,“XINSHIZHUZAI”BIAOXIANZAIQIYINYUBIAODA“BAZHUO”,“BACHI”,JIYIDAOXINKONGZHIRENXIN。

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                          棋牌大全下载安装   BEI“BAZHUO”DERENXINJUYOUDAOXINDETEDIAN。ZAIRICHANGYUYANZHONG,RENMENXIGUANYUYONGYIGE“XIN”ZILAITIDAIDAOXINHUORENXIN,ZHEISHIFANCHOUDAITIFANCHOUCHENGYUANDEZHUANYU。LIRU:

                            (1)ZHIJING,ZEXINBIANYI。[3]210

                          棋牌大全下载安装   (2)BI“YIYUREN”,CIXINCHANGCUN,ZEZHAOGUANDEDAO,NENGSHOUSHIDEYI。[3]870

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                          棋牌大全下载安装   BEIDAOXINZHUZAIDERENXIN,RUGUOYUDAOXINDADAOYIZHISHI,RENXINJISHIDAOXIN。LIRU:

                          棋牌大全下载安装   (3)YUE:“MENGZIYUN:‘CAOZECUN,SHEZEWANG。’RENCAIYIBAZHUO,XINBIANZAIZHEILI。”[3]151

                            (4)DALVBAZHUOBUDING,JIESHIBUREN。RENXINZHANRANXUDINGZHE,RENZHIBENTI……RANZEBAZHUODEDING,QIWEIDUYUCHIJINGHU![3]213

                            LI(3)ZHONG,“BAZHUO”SHIDAOXINDELIXINGDEZHIJUEZUOYONGDUIRENXINDEKONGZHI,ZAICIZHUANGTAIXIA,RENXINHEDAOXINSHIYIZHIDE。LI(4)ZHONG,“ZHANRANXUDING”SHIDAOXINDUIRENXINCHIJINGBAZHUODEJIEGUO,CISHI“RENDEBENTI”,BENZHISHANGSHIHEDAOXINYIZHIDERENXIN。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   ZUIHOU,“XIN”DEZHUZAIBIAOXIANWEIZHUJING,YEJICHANGXINGXING、ZHUYI,ZHEISHIYISHIDEZHUDONGSHOULIAN,RUCIFANGKEDAOXINCHANGCUN,BULIUYUYUNIAN。XINZHUZAIDEYIGEMUDESHIGEWUQIONGLIJINXING,LIBAOHANDAODEDENEIRONG,WANMEIDEDAODEFANYINGYURENDESHIRENDETIANXINGBENSHAN,TIANXINGTONGGUORENXINDERENSHICAIJUYOUDAODEYIYI。ZAICIQINGKUANGXIADEQIONGLIJINXINGBIXUQIANGHUA“XIN”DEZUOYONG。RANGXINFAHUIZUOYONGDEQIANTIJIUSHIZHUJING,RANGNEIXINCHUYUSHOULIAN、JINWEI、ZHENGQIYANSUDEZHUANGTAI。ZHUZIHECHENCHUNRENWEI“JINGSHENGBAIXIE”[3]2471,“JING”SHI“YIXINZHIZHUZAI,WANSHIZHIGENBEN”[6]。

                            DUILIYUZHEIZHONGZHUANGTAIDESHIRENXINDESANMAN,ZHEISHIRENCHUYUWUJUWUSHU、RENYISUIBIAN、BUNENGZHUANXINYIYIDEZHUANGTAI。YINYUBIAODARU:

                            (5)RENZUOGONGKERUOBUZHUANYI,DONGKANXIKAN,ZECIXINXIANYISANMANLE,RUHEKANDEDAOLICHU。[3]189

                            (6)RUOBUJING,ZECIXINSANMAN,HEYINENGKEJI。RUOBUKEJI,FEILIERSHITINGYANDONG,ANNENGWEIJING。[3]1074

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                            (二)偏、正之心

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                          棋牌大全下载安装   《ZHUZIYULEI》ZHONGTAOLUNDE“ZHENGXIN”LAIZI《DAXUE》DEBATIAOMU,WEIRAOGEWU、ZHIZHI、CHENGYI、XIUSHENLAITANTAO,BINGSHANGSHENGDAOZHIGUO、PINGTIANXIADEGAODU。GUZHUZIYUE:“XINCAIBUZHENG,QIZHONGBIZHIYUBAIGUOWANGJIA。”[3]307

                          棋牌大全下载安装   LIXUEDE“ZHENG”YOUBUTONGDEHANYI,DOUSHICONG“ZHENG”BIAOSHI“DANGZHONG,BUPIANXIE”DEBENYIYINSHENERLAI。BUTONGYUJINGXIA,TONGYANGDE“ZHENGXIN”,QI“ZHENG”DEHANYIWEIBIXIANGTONG。LIRU:

                            (7)(ZHUZI)YUE:“XINYOUBUZHENG,ZEWEIWUSUODONG,QUEWEIBIWEIE。”[3]341

                            (8)GUJINGXUDANYANXINZHENGZHEBIZICHENGYIERLAI,XIUSHENZHEBIZIZHENGXINERLAI。[3]355

                            (9)GAIWUGEZELIMING,LIMINGZECHENGYIERXINZIZHENGYI。[3]392

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                          棋牌大全下载安装   LI(9)DE“ZHENG”SHIZHENGQUE,DUANZHENG。TONGGUOGEWU,MINGBAISHIWUDEDAOLI,JIUBUHUIZIQI。ZUODAOXINYIDECHENGYI,“XIN”DUISHIWUDEPANDUANCAIHUIZHENGQUE,JIUZHENGCUOWUDERENSHI,RUCIFANGWEIXINZHENG。

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                          棋牌大全下载安装   SUOYI,“ZHENGXIN”DEHANYI,BUNENGRENWEITAJINJINSHISHIXINDUANZHENG,YOUGEZHENGZHIDEXIN。

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                          棋牌大全下载安装   “ZHENGYI、GONGPING”SHIZHENGXINDEBENZHINEIRONG,SHIZUOWEIRONGQIDEXINDENEIRONG,QIYINYUSHI“BENZHISHIYONGYOUWU”(QUALI-TIES ARE POSSESSIONS),JI“ZHENGYI、GONGPING”BEIYINYUWEI“XIN”RONGQINEIDENEIRONG。ERZHEIZHONGCHOUXIANGDEBENZHIDEYIYILAIZIZHUANYU,YEJIXINDESHUXING“DUANZHENG”“BUPIAN”BEIZHUANYUWEISHIWUDE“ZHENGYI、GONGPING”。YIXIANGTUSHIDEWANXINGXINGZHIRANGWOMENBAZHUANYUDENEIRONGSHIWEIZHENGTIDEBUFEN,ZHEIYANGWOMENZIRANDIBARONGQISHIWEIBAOHANLENEIRONGDEKONGJIAN。RUCI,RONGQIDERENHEBIANHUAYIWEIZHERONGQINEIRONGYEHUIXIANGYINGBIANHUA。RUOSHUO“XINGLIXIANGYISHILE”,YANZHEDEYISISHIBUJINXINGLIXIANGBUJIANLE,ERQIEGENGYIHANDESHIXIANGNEIDEDONGXIYEYISHILE。TONGYANG,SHUOMOUREN“XIN”DEPIANYUZHENGBUZAIYU“XIN”BENSHENRUHE,ERSHIXINNEIDENEIRONGSHIFOUYIRANFUHETIANLI,SHIFOUYIRANFUHEGONGPINGHEZHENGYIDENGNEIRONG。

                            图1 心之正的隐喻
                          图1 心之正的隐喻

                            (三)虚之心

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                            (13)FANWUYOUXINERQIZHONGBIXU……ZHIZHEIXIEXUCHU,BIANBAOZANGXUDUODAOLI,MILUNTIANDI,GAIKUOGUJIN。……XINSHISHENMINGZHISHE,WEIYISHENZHIZHUZAI。XINGBIANSHIXUDUODAOLI,DEZHIYUTIANERJUYUXINZHE。[3]2514

                            “XINSHIRONGQI”DEYINYUBIAODAHAIZAIYU“XUXIN”,“XU”YOUYOUXIANWULIKONGJIANDE“XU”YINYUXINGDIYINGSHEDAOXINDEWUXIANJINGSHENKONGJIAN,YICIZHENGMINGXINKEYIRONGNAWANLI。“XUXIN”HANYISHIXINNEIYOURONGNALIDEKONGJIAN。YINLIDEJUTIBIAOXIANSHISHENGXIANZHIYAN、SHIJIANYIQIESHANHEYIQIEDAOLI,GUZAILIXUEZHONG,“XUXIN”JISHILIRUNEIXINDEQIANTI,YESHINEIXINHANLIDEFANGFA。LIRU:

                          棋牌大全下载安装   (14)QU《DAXUE》《LUNYU》《ZHONGYONG》《MENGZI》,ZHUJUZHUZIFENXIAOJINGQIE,QIUSHENGXIANZHIYI,QIEJITICHA,ZHEJIJIANLV,XUXINTIJIU。[3]2918

                            (15)XUXINZEJIANDAOLIMING。[3]179

                            “XUXIN”ZUOWEIFANGFADESHIZHISHIZHUANYIZHUJINGDETAIDU,LIRU:

                          棋牌大全下载安装   (16)JINYUGUANSHI,BURUOQIEZHIXIAOXUJIJIUSHUO,ZHIJIANGYUANSHIXUXINSHUDU,XUXUWANWEI。[3]2084

                          棋牌大全下载安装   《ZHUZIYULEI》ZHONG“XUXIN”CHUXIAN69CHU。QIZHONGZUOWEIFANGSHIHESHOUDUANDE“XUXIN”YOU41CHU,ZHANZONGSHUDE59.4%;BIAOSHIYAOQIUDE“XUXIN”YOU28CHU,ZHANZONGSHUDE40.6%。“XUXIN”BIJIAOJIZHONGDICHUXIANZAIDI11JUAN《XUEWU》NEI,SHUOMING“XUXIN”SHIWEIXUEDESHOUDUAN,GEWUQIONGLIDEFANGFA。

                            RONGQIYOUNEIWAIZHIFEN,SUOYIWOMENYOU“XINNEI”HE“XINWAI”DEYINYUBIAODA。JIRANSHIRONGQI,BIANYOURONGLIANGHENEIRONG。XINZUOWEIRONGQI,QINEIRONGSHILI,SHIZHIWEIXING,WAIXIANWEIQING。XINYUXINGYIZHI,SHIZHENGTI,XINGYINXINDEZHIXING,SHINENGDONGDE,YUSHIXINHUI“BAOXUBUZHU,SUISHIERFA”[3]85。XINZUOWEIRONGQI,TADERONGLIANGDUIYULISHIWUXIANDE,SHUOMINGRENXINYUDAOXINYOUYIZHIDEKENENG。ZHUXIRENWEI“(XIN)WAIMIANLIHUIDEZHE……JILIMIANBENLAIYOUDI”[3]2763,RENWEIRENKEYILIJIEWAIBUSHIJIE,YINWEIRENXINBENLAIJIUBAOYOUQILI,RENKEYITONGGUOQIXINLAIYINZHENGSHIJIE,RENSHISHIJIE。ZHEIZHONGNEIWAIGUANXIFANYINGLIXUEZHEIYANGDEGUANDIAN:XINNEIHEXINWAIDESHIJIEBENLAISHIYIZHIDE。ZHEIFANYINGLEZHUZILIXUEDEKEGUANWEIXINDETEDIAN。

                            (四)水之心

                            RICHANGYISHUIYUXINDEYINYUBIAODAYOUXINSHUI、XINCHAO、XINBING(FOJIAOYONGYU)DENG。LIXUEYEYISHUIYUXIN,ZHUZIYUE:“XINPISHUIYE;XING,SHUIZHILIYE。XINGSUOYILIHUSHUIZHIJING,QINGSUOYIXINGHUSHUIZHIDONG。”[3]306ZHUZIZAICIYISHUIYUSHIXIN、XING、QINGDEGUANXI。DUIYUSHUI,ZHONGYAODESHISHUIZHI,SHUIJINGZESHUIYICHENGQING,GULIXUEYESHUO“CHENGXIN”。《ZHUZIYULEI》YOU“JINGZUOCHENGXIN”HE“MOZUOCHENGXIN”DEBIAODA。JINGZECHENG,CHENGZEMING。

                            XIANGBI“CHENG”,《ZHUZIYULEI》ZHONGCHUXIANGENGDUODESHI“ZHAN”。“ZHAN”YIQINGCHE,TONG“CHENG”YI。ZHUZIYANLUNZHONGCHANGYOUZHANRANXUDING、ZHANRANCHUNYI、ZHANRANQINGMING、ZHANRANXUMINGDENGYINYUBIAODA。XINDEZHANRANGUANLIANXINDEXUHEJING,YIWEIZHEXINJINGDEQINGHEMING。

                            XINDEZHANRANDAILAILE“XINRUMINGJING”DEYINYU。LIRU:

                            (17)XINYAOJINGYI。FANGJINGSHI,XUZHANRANZAICI,BUDEKUNDUN,RUJINGYANGMING,YUSHISHIFANGHAO。[3]219

                          棋牌大全下载安装   (18)RUOCIXINZHANRAN,CHANGRUMINGJING,WULAIBIANJIAN,FANGSHI。[3]2766

                          棋牌大全下载安装   “XINRUMINGJING”ZHENGMINGXINYISHIJINGRUOZHISHUI。“ZHISHUI”HE“MINGJING”SHICHANGYITONGCHUXIAN。LIRU:

                            (19)JINQIEYAODUSHU,XUXIANDINGQIXIN,SHIZHIRUZHISHUI,RUMINGJING。ANJINGRUHEZHAOWU![3]177

                            (20)SHENGRENZHIXINRUMINGJINGZHISHUI,CHIZIZHIXINRUHEBIDE?[3]2504

                          棋牌大全下载安装   ZHANRANDEXINSHICHIJINGZHIXINDEZUIGAOJINGJIE。LIRU:

                            (21)HUSHUQIYUE:“ZHAIJIEZHISHIJING。”YUE:“GUSHIJING,DANZHAIJIAOJINYUJIE。ZHANRANCHUNYIZHIWEIZHAI,SURANJINGTIZHIWEIJIE。DAOZHANRANCHUNYISHI,NEISURANJINGTIYEWULE。”[3]2481

                            XINDETISIHEJINGXINGJIUSHIJING,SHANGJU“JIE”SHIXINDEJINGXINGZHUANGTAI,SHUJING。“CHUNYI”JIZHUYI,WUSIWUYU,SHIXINZHIXULINGZHIJUEDEWANMEIZHUANGTAI。RUODAOLE“ZHANRANCHUNYI”DECHENGDU,ZEQIZHICHANSHENGBIANHUA,DADAOTIANMINGZHIXINGDEBENRANJINGJIE,“JIE”ZUIZHONGCHENGLEDUOYU。

                            (五)明的心

                          棋牌大全下载安装   XINFAHUIZHENGQUEZHUZAIGONGNENGDEYIGEQIANTISHIXINMING。“MING”SHIXINDEBENZHISHUXING,DAIBIAOZHIHUIHEGAOSHANG。LIXUE“MING”YOULIANGGEYUANYU,YISHIXINDEGUANGMING,DUIYINGDEFANMIANSHIHUNAN;ERSHIXINRUSHUIDEMINGCHE,ZHANRANCHUNJING,DUIYINGDEFANMIANSHIHUNZHUO。

                            BANSUIGUANGMINGSHUXINGDESHI“XU”,SUI“XU”ERLAIDEHAIYOUQITALIXIANGDEXINJING,RU“LING”“MING”“JING”“YI”DENG,GUYOU“XULING”“XUMING”“XUJING”SHUOFA。ZAI“XINXU”DEYULIAOZHONG,ZHEIXIELIXIANGDEXINJINGDADUOZHIXIANG“MING”。LIXUERENWEIYUWANGYUEDUO,XINYUESHI。XINYUESHI,YUENANXU。XINZHONGZHEBIYUEDUO,ZEXINYUEFAHUNMEINANMING。XINMINGYINWEIGUAYU,GUAYUZEXINXUKONG,XINSHENBUSHOUGANRAO。XINXUZEMING,XINMINGYINXU。“MING”JISHI“XU”DEMUDE,YESHI“XU”DEJIEGUO。LIRU:

                            (22)WEN:“WUXINGZAIRENWEIWUZANG。RANXINQUEJUDEWUXINGZHILI,YIXINXULINGZHIGUFOU?”YUE:“XINSHUHUO,YUANSHIGEGUANGMINGFADONGDIWU,SUOYIJUDEXUDUODAOLI。”[3]87

                          棋牌大全下载安装   (23)SHIJULUYUN:“RENXINXULING,WUSUOBUMING;QINSHOUBIANHUNLE,ZHIYOUYILIANGLUZIMING。”[3]1347

                          棋牌大全下载安装   (24)XIANSHENGYOUYUN:“CIXINXUMING,WANLIJUZU。”[3]2763

                          棋牌大全下载安装   “XU”BENSHIXINDETEZHENG,SHI“LING”DEYUANYIN,“LING”QIANGDIAOLEXINDESHENMINGXINGHEZHIJUEXING,SHI“XU”DEJIEGUO。DANSHANGSANLIANSHILE“XU”HE“LING”DEZHENGTIXING。LI(22)JILEXINZHISUOYI“MING”DEWUXINGDELIJU。XINZAIWUXINGDAIBIAOHUO,BENSHENJUBEIGUANGMINGLINGDONGDEXIANTIANSHUXING,GURENXINRUOXU,ZEWUWUKEYIPINGBIGUANGMING,ZIRANKEYIMINGLI,GUXINXULIMING。“MING”YESHI“XU”DEJIEGUO。“MING”SHIXINDELINGYITEDIAN,XINMINGZELIMING,JIASHANGXINDEZHIJUEXING,XINYOU“SHENMING”DECHENGHU。MINGHEGUANGXIANGGUAN,GUANGHERENDESHIJUEXIANGGUAN。WOMENYOUCIKEYIDECHU“XINSHIFAGUANGDEWUTI”DEYINYU。YINYUBIAODAYOU:XINZHAOBUXUAN,XINMINGYANLIANG。XINDESHENMING、ZHIJUESHUYUXINZHI,GULIXUEYOUYOU“XINZHISHIGUANG”(MENTAL POWER IS LIGHT)DEYINYU。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   “MING”YIWEIZHEKEYIBEIKANJIAN。WOMENYOU“MINGBAISHIKANJIAN”(UNDERSTANDING IS SEEING)YIJI“SIXIANGSHIGUANGYUAN”(IDEAS ARE LIGHT SOURCES)DEYINYU,SUOYICHUYUMINGCHU,ZHEIZAIYINYUSHANGJIUSHINENGBEIKANJIAN,NENGBEILIJIE,YINER“MING”JIUSHIMINGBAI,LIJIE。《ZHUZIYULEI》ZHONG“MING”BIAOSHIMINGBAI、LIJIEDELIJURU:

                            (25)JINRENKANWENZI,DUOSHIYIHUNDAIQUKAN,SUOYIBUZIXI。GUXUEZHEQIEYUJINGCHUSHOUSHIJIAOYISIZAILI,RANHOUXUXINQUKAN,ZEQIYILIWEIYOUBUMINGZHEYE。[3]162

                            (26)RUONANLIHUIDIBIANLIHUIBUDE,SHICIXINSHANGHUNWEIMING,BIANYONGTIXINGTA。[3]292

                            MINGDEFANYISHIHUN,JIHUNANBUMING、MOHU,YINSHENWEIZHIJUEDESHIQU、HUNKUI、HUTU、MILUAN。CONGGUANGXIANDEMINGANDAOZHIJUEDEHUNMEI,CIYIBIANHUASHANGSHIJUTIDAOCHOUXIANGDEYINYU,QIZHONGYOUZHUANYUDECANYU。ZAILI(23)ZHONG,QINSHOUZHIXINHUNERBUMING,YUZHIQINSHOUBUTONGXINGLI;LI(25)HELI(26)DE“HUN”ZHIXINSHANGCHUYUBUMINGBAIDEZHUANGTAI。“HUN”ZUOWEI“MING”DEDUILIMIAN,YOUGUANGXIANDEHUNANDAOXINXINGDEMIMANG,ZAILIXUEZHONGSHICHANGJIANDEYINYU。“HUN”DEZHUANGTAISHIFEI“JING”DEZHUANGTAI,LIXUERENWEI“HUN”DEYUANYINSHIZANIAN、LIYU、QIBINGDENG。“WUYU”HE“LIYU”BEIYINYUCHENGLEZHEGUANGDEZHANGAIWU,SHIDEXINHUNANBUMING,ZHEIZHONGHUNANYUYIZHEXINZHIDEQUEXIAN,BUNENGMINGLIGEWU。LIRU:

                          棋牌大全下载安装   (27)DANCONGLAIWEIQIBINGSUOJU,WUYUSUOBI,YIXIANGHUNMEI,GENGBUGUANGMING。[3]271

                            (28)WEN“ZHIZHIZAIGEWU”。YUE:“ZHIZHE,WUZIYOUCIZHI。CIXINXUMINGGUANGDA,WUSUOBUZHI,YAODANGJIQIZHIER。JINXUEZHEQIWUYIBANBANDIAN,ZHISHIWEILIYUSUOHUN,BUCENGZHIQIZHI。”[3]293

                          棋牌大全下载安装   MINGDEXINYEZAIYU“XINSHISHUI”DEYINYU。CHENGXIN、ZHANRANSHIXINDESHUIYINYU,SHUIWUZAZHI,JIUHUIZHANRAN,FOUZEHUNZHUOBUMING。ZHUZIYUE:“ZHANYI,SHIWEIGANWUZHISHI,ZHANRANCHUNYI,CISHIQIZHIBEN。”[3]2530《ZHUZIYULEI》ZHONGCHANGSHUOXINDEHUNZHUO,ZHENDUIDESHIQIZHIZHIXIN,WEIRAOZHEDESHIQIZHIZHIXING。SUOBINGZHIQIQING,ZEXINGYEQING,SUOBINGZHIQIZHUO,ZEXINGYEZHUO。XINGTONGYUXIN,XINGDEQINGYUZHUOJUEDINGXINDEZHANRANYUFOU。RUGUOBINGDEQIZHUO,LIXUERENWEI,KEYITONGGUOCHIJINGDEGONGFU,BAOCHIXINDEXUJING,RANGXINHUIFUDAOZHANRANZHUANGTAI。ZHUZIYUN:“JINGZEXUJING,ZIRANTONGDA。”[3]1146ZHANRANDEXINGUANJIANZAIYUXUJING,XUJINGZEXINZHANRANMINGCHE,TONGYANGQIANGDIAOLE“MING”。

                            SHUIQINGERDING,ZESHUIMIANRUJING。JINGYOULIANGGETEDIAN:KONGHEMING。KONGSHIXU。KONG,FANGNENGYINGWUWUAI;MING,FANGYOUQINGXIYINGXIANG。JINGMENGCHENZEAN,YINGXIANGMOHU。RENXINRUMINGJINGFANGKEFANYINGSHIJIE,ZHAOJIANSHIJIANYIQIELI。GU“XINSHIMINGJING”DEYINYUZHONGDIANTUCHUDEYESHIMING。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   XINSHITOUMINGDERONGQI,DANXINDEMINGANQUJUEYUXINGDEMINGAN。ZHUZIYUE:“RENZHIXINGLUNMINGAN,WUZHIXINGZHISHIPIANSAI。ANZHEKESHIZHIMING,YIPIANSAIZHEBUKESHIZHITONGYE。”[3]57YINWEIXINGZAIXINNEI,SUOYI,YIXINDEMINGANDESHUOFADAITIXINGDEMINGAN,SHIZHUANYU。XINDEXUMINGSHIZHIXINXUXINGMING,XINGMING,ZEXINMING;XINGAN,ZEXINHUN。ZHEILIDEXINGSHIQIZHIZHIXING,TONGGUOHOUTIANDEZUOGONGFU,XINGZHIANZHEKEYISHIZHIMING,BIAOMINGLELIXUEJIANXINRENMENKEYITONGGUOZISHENNULITIGAODAODESUYANG。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   “MING”SHIXINDEBENZHISHUXING,TAJUEDINGLEXINSHIZHUZAIDEGENJU。LIXUEGUANYU“XIN”DEYINYU,JIESHIWEIRAOZHE“MING”JINXINGDE。XIANGJIANTU2。

                            图2 明的心
                          图2 明的心

                            结语

                          棋牌大全下载安装   XINDELIXUEGAINIANYINYUJIZHONGZAIYISHANGWUDIAN。QIZHONGNIRENYINYU“XINSHIZHUZAI”SHIYINYUDEHEXIN,TATUCHULEXINDUIYURENDEXINGWEIHEXINZHIDEZHUDAOYIYI。DANSHIXINDEZHEIZHONGZHUZAIZUOYONGSHOUXIANQUJUEYURONGQIZHIXINDEBENZHISHUXING“MING”,ZHEIZHONG“MING”LAIZIXU,XUZEXINZHONGWUAI;YELAIZISHUIDEBIYU,SHUIDEQINGCHEZHANRANYIWEIZHEXINXINGDECHUNJIE,ZHEIZHONGCHUNJIESHITIANDIZHIXINGZAIRENXINDEFANYING,TONGSHIYIWEIZHEMINGXINRUJING,KEYINZHENGFANYINGSHISHANGYIQIELI。QICI,XINDEZHUZAIDELIJUZAIYUXINSHIFOUZHENGERBUPIAN。XINSHIRONGQI,RONGQIXUFANGZHIYUYICHU,DANBIXUBAIZHENG。“ZHENG”YOUWEIZHIDEZHENG,BIANWEIZHENGZHI、ZHENGPAIHEGONGZHENGDE“ZHENG”,SHIYINYUHEZHUANYUGONGTONGZUOYONGDEJIEGUO,SHILIXUEDUIRENXINDEYAOQIU。

                            XINDEYIXIANGTUSHISHIRONGQI,RONGQIDETEDIANSHIXU,YINWEIXU,SUOYINENGGOURONGNA,QINEIRONGSHITIANDIJIANDELI,CILIZAIRENXINSHIRENXING,ERXINGZAILIXUEZHONGYEBEIYINYUWEISHUI。XINNEIZHISHUIYUEQINGCHE,YUEYIWEIZHEXINYUETOUMING。SHUIYUEHUNZHUO,YUEYIWEIZHEXINNEISIYIHUOSIYUYUEDUO。SIYIHESIYUZAILIXUEZHONGBEIYINYUWEIZHAZI,NITU。RENRUOJIECHUSIYU,ZEQIZHIZHIXINGBIANHUAWEITIANDIZHIXING。LIXUEXIN、XING、QINGSANZHEDEGUANXI,SHIWEIRAOZHEXINLAICHANSHUDE,CHANSHUDEFANGFAZHUYAOSHIYINYU,FUZHIYIZHUANYU,JUTIFANYINGZAIGEZHONGGUANYUXINDEYINYUBIAODAZHONG。

                            参考文献

                            [1]王文斌.论汉语“心”的空间隐喻的结构化[J].解放军外国语学院学报,2001(1):57-60.
                            [2]程士德.素问注释汇萃[M].北京:人民卫生出版社,1982:84.
                            [3]黎靖德.朱子语类[M].北京:中华书局,1986.
                            [4]朱熹.四书章句集注[M].长沙:岳麓书社,1985:443.
                            [5]程颢,程颐.二程集[M].北京:中华书局,2004:13.
                            [6]陈淳.北溪字义[M].北京:中华书局,1983:35.

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