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        1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 儒家和道家音乐治疗思想探析

          儒家和道家音乐治疗思想探析

          时间:2019-03-17 15:42作者:张勇
          本文导读:这是一篇关于儒家和道家音乐治疗思想探析的文章,儒家、道家音乐思想是中国传统心理治疗取向音乐治疗的重要组成部分,探究儒家、道家音乐治疗思想内涵,并把其纳入到到中国传统音乐治疗思想理论体系中,对于弘扬中国传统音乐治疗文化,促进传统音乐治疗的传承与发展研究

            摘    要: 棋牌大全下载安装儒家、道家音乐治疗思想体系属于中国传统音乐治疗体系的重要分支,本文藉由分析孔子、荀子、老子、庄子等古代思想家的音乐心理治疗实践行为,揭示了儒家、道家音乐治疗哲学思想。

            关键词: 儒教; 道家; 音乐治疗思想;

            RUJIA、DAOJIAYINLESIXIANGSHIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGXINLIZHILIAOQUXIANGYINLEZHILIAODEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,TANJIURUJIA、DAOJIAYINLEZHILIAOSIXIANGNEIHAN,BINGBAQINARUDAODAOZHONGGUOCHUANTONGYINLEZHILIAOSIXIANGLILUNTIXIZHONG,DUIYUHONGYANGZHONGGUOCHUANTONGYINLEZHILIAOWENHUA,CUJINCHUANTONGYINLEZHILIAODECHUANCHENGYUFAZHANYANJIUJUYOUZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYI。

            一、儒家音乐治疗思想

            CHUNQIUMOQIDEKONGZIZUOWEIRUJIAXUEPAICHUANGSHIREN,BUJINSHIYIWEISIXIANGJIA、ZHENGZHIJIA、JIAOYUJIA,TONGSHITAYESHIJIECHUDEYINLEJIA。KONGZIZHANGWOLEDUOFANGMIANDEYINLEJINENG,SHANYUJIQING、GUSE、DANQIN、CHANGGEHEZUOQU。TADUIYINLEGONGNENGYOUZHEMINRUIDEDONGCHANENGLI,BINGBAYINLEJUYOUDEYANGSHENGBAOJIAN、XINLIZHILIAOGONGNENGYUNYONGDAOZIJIDESHENGHUODANGZHONG,FUWUYUZIJIDESHENXINJIANKANG。KONGZIDUIYUYINLEYANGSHENGDELILUNYANJIU,DUIYUYINLEXINLIZHILIAODEJUTISHIJIAN,ZAI《ZHOULI》《LVSHICHUNQIU》《LUNYU》《SHIJI》DENGGUJIZHONGDOUYOUXIANGGUANDEJIZAI。

          棋牌大全下载安装   KONGZIBAYINLEHUODONGZUOWEIGANRANRENDEQINGXU、TAOYERENDEXINLINGYIJIPEIYANG“RENAI”JINGSHENDEZHONGYAOGONGJU。TARENWEISHIYULEZAIWANSHANRENGE、FENGFURENXINGFANGMIANJUYOUYIDINGDECUJINDEZUOYONG。KONGZIZHICHUJUNZIDERENGEZHENGHEGUOCHENGSHIJIEZHU“XINGYUSHI,LIYULI,CHENGYULE”ERWANCHENGDE,JUNZIDERENXINGFENGFUSHIZEJIYU“ZHIYUDAO,JUYUDE,YIYUREN,CHENGYUYI”。KONGZIBAYINLEKANZUOSHENGHUOZHONGZHONGYAODEZUCHENGBUFEN,ZHUZHONGFAHUIYINLEDESHEHUIGONGNENG,ZHUZHANGTONGGUOYINLESHIJIANLAIDADAOYIFENGYISUDEMUBIAO,XIWANGYONGYINLESHIJIANCUJINRENYURENZHIJIANDEHEXIE、SHEHUIDEANDING。ZHENGRUKONGZISUOSHUO:“RENERBUREN,RULIHE?RENERBUREN,RULEHE?”KONGZIRENWEIYIGERENDEQUANMIANDEXIUYANGBUNENGQUESHAOYINLE,ZHIYOUYOULEYINLEDEXIUYANG,RENCAIKENENGDADAORENXINGWANMEIDEGAODU。YINCI,KONGZICHONGSHANGLILE,BINGBAYINLEZUOWEITAJIAOYUREN、PEIYANGREN、GANRANRENDEYIXIANGZHONGYAONEIRONG。

          棋牌大全下载安装   KONGZIZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGHUIYONGDANQIN、GECHANG、WUDAODENGXINGSHILAIBIAODA、XUANXIEZIJIFUMIANDEQINGXU。LIRUKONGZICHUANGZUODE《QULUGE》,JIUSHIXIEDEZAILUGUOSHI,QIGUOXUANNVLEBASHIZENGLUGUOGUOJUN,LUJUNSHOUQINVLE,SANRIBUTINGZHENG,KONGZIFENRANLIKAILUGUO,ZAILIQUDELUSHANGKONGZIJIXINGCHANGQILEZHEISHOUGE,LAIBIAODAWUKENAIHEDEXINQING:“BIFUZHIKOU,KEYICHUZOU;BIFUZHIYE,KEYISIBAI。GAIYOUZAIYOUZAI,WEIYIZUSUI!”KONGZIZAIYUZHIZIJIDAXIANJIANGZHIZHISHI,DUIRENSHENGLIANLIANBUSHEERLEILIUMANMIAN,TAZHUZHEGUAIZHANGZAIMENKOUJIXINGCHANGCHULE:“TAISHANHUAIHU?LIANGZHUCUIHU?ZHERENWEIHU?” DEAIYUANZHISHENG。KONGZISHANYUYUNYONGYINLEXUANXIEFUMIANQINGXU,TARENSHIDAOLEYINLEDUIRENDEXINLIFAZHAN、RENGEXINGCHENGDEJIJIYINGXIANG,BINGZAIZIJIDUONIANDEYINLESHIJIANHUODONGZHIHOU,ZONGJIECHULE“LEERBUYIN”“SIWUXIE”“AIERBUSHANG”DEYINLESHENMEIBIAOZHUN。ZAIKONGZIDEYINLESHIJIANHUODONGZHONG,TABUJINZHONGSHIDUIYINLE“YIFENGYISU”DESHEHUIGONGNENG,ERQIEHAIFEICHANGZHONGSHIYINLEZAIYANGSHENG、XINLISHUDAODENGFANGMIANDEYILIAOGONGNENG,KONGZIYUANSHIGUPODEYINLEZHILIAOSIXIANG,WEIDANGJINXUEZHECONGYINLEZHILIAOXUEKEJIAODUYANJIUTADEYINLEYILIAOSIXIANGTIGONGLEBAOGUIDEJIEJIANYUCANKAO。

          棋牌大全下载安装   XUNZIZUOWEIRUJIAXUEPAIDEZHEMINGDAIBIAORENWUZHIYI,YESHIZHANGUOSHIQIXUESHUSIXIANGDEJIDACHENGZHE。TADEYINLESIXIANGJIZHONGYU《LELUNPIAN》,DUIYURUJIAYINLESIXIANGJINXINGLEXITONGXINGDEZONGJIE。XUNZIRENWEIRENYISHENGXIALAISHIXIEEDE,XUYAOTONGGUOJIAOYUDEGAIZAOFANGNENGSHIRENBIANDEXIANGSHAN,YINCI,XUNZIDEZHEXUEGUANDIANZHUZHANG“XINGELUN”。XUNZISUOSHUODE:“FULEZHE、LEYE,RENQINGZHISUOBIBUMIANYE。GURENBUNENGWULE,LEZEBIFAYUSHENGYIN,XINGYUDONGJING;ERRENZHIDAO,SHENGYIN、DONGJING、XINGSHUZHIBIANJINSHIYI。GURENBUNENGBULE,LEZEBUNENGWUXING,XINGERBUWEIDAO,ZEBUNENGWULUAN。”ZHEIDUANWENZICHANSHULEYINLEZUOWEIRENMENHUANLESHIDEYIZHONGWAIZAIBIAOXIANXINGTAI,SHIMANZURENDEQINGGAN、XINLIXUYAOBUKEHUOQUEJINGSHENSHILIANG。GURENLIBUKAIYINLE,HUANLEDEQINGXUYEHUIZAIGEWUZHONGDEYITIXIAN,RENDEXINGWEIJUZHI、XINGQINGBIANHUAYEHUITIXIANZAIYINLEHUODONGZHIZHONG。SUOYISHUORENLIBUKAIYINLE,MEIYOULEYINLERENMENJIUBUNENGHENHAODIBIAODAKUAILE,ERYINLEHUODONGRUGUOBUJIAYIYINDAO,YETONGYANGHUIDAOZHIRENZAIQINGXUSHANGSHIQUPINGHENG,CHUXIANYICHANGDEXINLIWENTI。

            荀子提出“先王立乐之术也”就是要制订“故制雅颂之声以道之,使其声足以乐而不流,使其文足以辨而不諰,使其曲直繁省廉肉节奏,足以感动人之善心,使夫邪污之气无由得接焉。”主张用雅颂之声来影响人们的心理,引发人们的善心。荀子还讲道:“钟鼓管磬,琴瑟竽笙,所以养耳也。”这里可洞察出荀子在肯定了音乐的心理功能基础上,也对音乐所具有的养生保健功效作出了表述。他从人的心理、精神层面的需需求上,揭示了音乐存在的的根源,论述了歌、乐、舞为一体的古代音乐艺术形成的必然性与其存在的合理性。荀子纠正了墨子“非乐”论强调物质需要而忽略精神需要的片面性。荀子承认音乐具有社会功能,认为否定音乐的社会功能的观点是错误而肤浅的。他认为音乐具有教化人心的作用,同社会、政治存在着密切的关系,可以有效促进人与人之间关系,音乐有助于构建和谐的社会环境。
           

          儒家和道家音乐治疗思想探析
           

            二、道家音乐治疗思想

          棋牌大全下载安装   CHUNQIUSHIQIDESIXIANGJIA、ZHEXUEJIALAOZI,ZUOWEIDAOJIAXUESHUODECHUANGSHIREN,TAZAIYINLESHANGXUESHUGUANDIANBINGBUDUOJIAN,ZHEIYUTACHUANGLIDEDAOJIASIXIANGBUWUGUANXI。LAOZIZAI《DAODEJING》ZHONGTIDAODE“DAFANGWUYU,DAQIWANCHENG;DAYINXISHENG,DAXIANGWUXING。”SHUOMINGLESHIJIANFANZUIDAZUIFANGZHENGDESHIWUFANERSHIYOULENGYOUJIAODE,SHIJIANZUIGUIZHONGDEQIWUZONGSHIZUIHOUZHICHENG,ZUIWANMEIDEYINLESHITINGERBUWENDE,ZUIDADEXINGXIANGFANERWUXING”。“DAYINXISHENG”ZUOWEISHILAOZISHAOYOUDEYINLESIXIANG,BAYINLEYISHUZHIXIANGLEDAOJIASUOTUICHONGDEZUIGAOYINLEZHEXUEJINGJIE。DAOJIAYINLESUOTUICHONGDESHENGYIN,DAERWEIMEI,CHUYUWUXINGWUXIANGDEXINGTAIZHIZHONG,JUYOU“SHIZHIBUZUJIAN,TINGZHIBUZUWEN”DEYIJING。 DAOJIA“DAYIN”SUOZHIDESHI“DAO”BENSHENSUOJUYOUDESHENGYIN,SHIRENJIANZUICHUNCUIHEZUIMEIMIAODESHENGYIN,ZHEIZHONGSHENGYINWUSHENGSHENGYOUSHENG,YUNHANZHE“DAYIN”PINGHERENXINDESHENKEDAOJIAYINLEZHILIAOZHEXUESIXIANG。

          棋牌大全下载安装   JINCHAOSHIQIDEWANGBIZAIWEI《DAODEJING》ZUOZHUSHIYUE:“TINGZHIBUWENMINGRIXI,BUKEDEERWENZHIYINYE。YOUSHENGZEYOUFEN,YOUFENZEYOUGONGERYI。FENZEBUNENGTONGZHONG,GUYOUSHENGZHE,FEIDAYINYE。”ZAILAOZIRENWEI,MEIMIAODEYINLESHINANDETINGDAODE,SHIYINLEDEZUIGAOJINGJIE,SHIYINLEDEZHENGTIBUFEN。ERZUIMEIHAODEYINLESHIWUFAZHIKAOTINGLAIDEDAO。RENMENTINGDAODE,ZHINENGSHIYINLEDEJUTIBUFEN,BUKENENGBAOHANZHENGTIDESHI“DAYIN”。YEJIUSHISHUODAOJIASIXIANGZHONG,FANSHIWOMENNENGTINGDAODEDOUSHIYINLEDEYIXIAOBUFENERYI,BUGUANYINLEYOUDUOMEMEIHAO,DOUWUFACHUJIYINLEDEBENTIBINGSHENTOUYUYINLEDEQUANBU。YAOXIANGTINGDAOYINLEDEBENTIHEQUANBU,YAOKAONIZIJIQUTIHUI,QUBAWO,JINYONGERDUOSHIBUXINGDE。RENDEERDUOSUONENGTINGDAODEZHISHIRENWEIDESHISUYINLE,ZHENZHENGDEYINLEHEDAZIRANRONGWEIYITI,XUYAOYONGXINQUGANSHOU。ZHIYOUDANGRENDENEIXINDAODAPINGJINGRUSHUIDEJINGJIESHI,FANGNENGXIANGSHOUDAOZHIZUNWUSHANGDE“DAYIN”。

            LAOZIDEYINLEGUANQIANGDIAODESHIYONGNINGJING、KONGWUDEXINLAIGANSHOU、XIANGSHOUYINLE,“DAYINXISHENG”DEZHEXUESIXIANG,JIESHILEYINLEYURENDEXINLIDEBIRANLIANXI。DAOJIAYINLESIXIANGZHONGFENWEIWUWEIDEZIRANYINLEYUSHISUDEFEIZIRANYINLE,QIANGDIAOYIRENWEIBENCAISHIFUHEDAOFADEYINLE。DAOJIAYINLEBUJINSHIWUXINGWUSHENGDE,ERQIESHIBAOLUOWANXIANGHEWEIMEIDE。LAOZISUOZHIDETIANLAIZHIYINBUSHIRENMENYONGSHENGYINJIUNENGGOUBIAODADE,ZHIMEIDE“DADAOZHIYIN”NENGRONGTIANDIWEIYITI,ZHEIYANGDEYINLEZIRANHUIJIRENWUYINSHENGYOUYIN、WUXINGSHENGYOUXINGDEANXIANG、NINGJINGDEQINGGANYUXINLITIYAN。

          棋牌大全下载安装   ZAI《QIWULUN》ZHONG,ZHUANGZIYEBAYINLEFENWEI“TIANLAI”“DILAI”“RENLAI”SANGEBUTONGCENGCI。“TIANLAI”SHIZHIZIRANJIEWANWUYINGEZIQIAOXUEBUTONGERFACHUBUTONGDESHENGYIN,SHIZUIGAOCENGMIANDEYINLE。“DILAI”SHIZHIDAZIRANDEFENGCHUIDONGWANWUQIAOXUEZHIHOUXINGCHENGDEYINLEZHISHENG。“RENLAI”ZESHIZHIRENMENZAISHIYONGLEQUYANZOUSUOFACHUDESHENGYIN,ZHEIZHONGSHENGYINYESHIRENWEICHANSHENGDECENGCIZUIDIDEYILEIYINLE。“TIANLAI”ZHIYINSHIBUSHOURENHEXIANZHIZIRANFASHENGDE,ER“RENLAI”YU“DILAI”ZHIYIN,SHIXUYAOJIEZHUWAILICAINENGXINGCHENGDE。SUOYISHUO“TIANLAI”JIUSHITIANRANXINGCHENGDE,RENMENYOUCIKEYIHUODEDESHENMEITIYANWEI“TIANLE”,TAJIRENDAILAISHIYIZHONGCHONGGAODESHENMEIYUYUEGAN。 “TIANLAI”ZHIYINZHENGSHIZHUANGZISUOZHUIQIUYINLEDEZUIGAOCENGCI,TIXIANDAOJIAZIRANWUWEIDEZHIDAOSIXIANG,WUWEISHIDEXINLIMEIYOURENHEFUDAN,MEIYOULEFUDANNEIXINJIUHUIBIANDEPINGJING、XIANGHE。ZHUANGZIZHUZHANGJIZHIDEYINLESHIHERENDEXINLIXIANGLIANXIDE,YINLESHIRENNEIZAIXINLIHUODONGDEYIZHONGWAIZAIJUTIBIAOXIANXINGSHI,TAYECHANGCHANGJIEZHUYINLELAISHUFAZIJIYAYIZAINEIXINDEFUMIANQINGXU。

            参考文献

            [1] 方勇,李波译注.荀子[M].北京:中华书局,2018年版,第32页.
            [2] 陈四海.中国古代音乐史(上)[M].北京:人民音乐出版社2004年版,第102页、116页.
          棋牌大全下载安装   [3]邹元江、李昊.论老子音乐美思想的本质——对“大音希声”辨析[J].武汉大学学报(哲学社会科学版)2006年第1期,第 34页.

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