棋牌大全下载安装

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              1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 体育论文 > 归化运动员归因及其利弊辨析

                归化运动员归因及其利弊辨析

                时间:2018-12-21 10:19作者:魏晖 李柏 冯俊翔
                本文导读:这是一篇关于归化运动员归因及其利弊辨析的文章,归化是移民语境下的一个法律概念,日本最早将加入日本国籍的申请称为归化。归化运动员是指运动员在出生国籍以外自愿、主动取得其他国家国籍,并代表其他国家参加国际体育赛事的行为。

                  摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 采用文献资料法分析国际体坛中的归化运动员现象。研究认为:国际政策法规的调整,竞技体育水平的提高,国家优势项目体育人才过剩和运动员个人价值的实现以及外籍运动员对经济利益追求是运动员选择归化的主要原因。与此同时,归化运动员对国际竞技体育秩序的影响,归化国体育后备人才培养体系的冲击,运动员个体价值的实现以及民族文化的交融同样值得我们思考。面对日益增多的“归化”现象,我国应摒弃旧有观念,理性看待归化运动员对国际竞技体育发展的影响;适宜归化外籍运动员以带动我国竞技体育发展;完善我国运动员培养、保障机制,避免人才流失。

                  关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 归化运动员; 浪潮; 归因; 理性思考;

                  Abstract: This paper makes an in-depth study of the naturalization of athletes in the international sports world through the method of literature. The research holds the idea that the adjustment of international policies and regulations, the promotion of national sports, the realization of individual value of athletes and the pursuit of economic interests by foreign athletes are the main reasons for the choice of sports naturalization. At the same time, the impact of the phenomenon of naturalization of athletes on the international competitive sports order, the influence of sports reserve personnel training, the pros and cons of personal value realization on the impact of national culture is worth our serious consideration. Faced with the increasing phenomenon of "naturalization", China should abandon the old concept and rationally treat the influence of naturalized athletes on the development of international competitive sports; it is suitable to naturalize foreign athletes to promote the development of competitive sports in China. We should naturalize foreign athletes to promote the development of competitive sports, improve the training and guarantee mechanism of Chinese athletes to avoid brain drain.

                  Keyword: Naturalized athletes; The wave; Attribution; Rational thinking;

                棋牌大全下载安装   GUIHUASHIYIMINYUJINGXIADEYIGEFALVGAINIAN,RIBENZUIZAOJIANGJIARURIBENGUOJIDESHENQINGCHENGWEIGUIHUA。GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANSHIZHIYUNDONGYUANZAICHUSHENGGUOJIYIWAIZIYUAN、ZHUDONGQUDEQITAGUOJIAGUOJI,BINGDAIBIAOQITAGUOJIACANJIAGUOJITIYUSAISHIDEXINGWEI[1]。

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                  归化运动员发展之迅猛开始引起学术界的广泛关注。归化运动员作为一种特殊的人才引进手段在促进体育项目发展的同时,势必也会对国家的政治利益和个人的经济利益产生深远影响。部分学者认为归化运动员有利于国家竞技水平的提高,运动员个人价值的实现,体育弱势项目的发展,间接提高国家竞争力并有利于体育文化的传播和发展[3]。但也有学者认为归化运动员造成了“金元体育”的产生,打破了归化国人才培养体系,破坏了国际体育秩序[4]。当前大多学者仅从运动员个人价值实现和竞赛本身进行研究,本文从运动员归化的归因入手,理性思考运动员归化的优势以及潜在弊端,以期为我国在运动员归化问题上提供理论借鉴。
                 

                归化运动员归因及其利弊辨析
                 

                  1 、归化运动员归因分析

                  1.1、 国际政策法规为运动员归化创造“环境”

                  SUIZHETIYUQUANQIUHUAJINCHENGDEBUDUANJIAKUAI,JINGJIRENCAIKUAGUOLIUDONGXIANXIANGPINFAN,ZHUJIANCHUXIAN“SHUANGZHONGGUOJI”XIANXIANG。GUOJISHIYUNDONGYUANCANJIAGUOJISAISHISUOJUBEIDESHOUYAOTIAOJIAN。JUTONGJIBIAOMING,SHIJIESHANG225GEGUOJIAJIDIQUZHONGYOU198GEGUOJIAJIDIQUDUI“SHUANGZHONGGUOJI”SHENFENCHIRENKEHUOMORENTAIDU[5]。ZHEIZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGWEIYUNDONGYUANCHUANGZAOLEGUIHUAHUANJING,CUJINLEYUNDONGYUANGUIHUAXIANXIANGDEFAZHAN。

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                  1.2、 国家竞技水平的提升诉求,拉动归化运动员“市场”繁荣

                  JINJINIAN,BAOKUOKATAER、BALINZAINEIDEZHONGDONGDIQUGUOJIAZAIGUOJISAISHIZHONGRIJIANHUOYUE,ZHEIXIEGUOJIAYONGYOUDALIANGTIANRANZIYUANHECAIFU,QUEJIQIQUEFAGAOSHUIPINGDEJINGJITIYURENCAI,ZAITIYUFANGMIANBINGMEIYOUAORENCHENGJI。YINCI,ZAITIYURENCAIJINQUEDEQINGKUANGXIA,TAMENLIYONGBENGUODEKUANGCHANZIYUANHEJINGJITIAOJIANXIYINYUNDONGRENCAIGUIHUA,DAIDONGBENGUOJINGJITIYUFAZHAN,BINGZAILANQIU、TIANJINGDENGDUOGEXIANGMUSHANGQUDEMINGCI,SHIXIANJIANGPAICONGWUDAOYOUDETUPO,QIEQUDELEJIAORENDEZHANJI。2006NIANDUOHAYAYUNHUI,KATAERQIYONG11MINGNANLANGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANCHENGGONGSHAJINJUESAI,CIHOUBIANYI“RENCAIYINJIN”FANGSHIDALIANGZHAOMU“GUYONGJUN”;2014NIANRENCHUANYAYUNHUISAICHANGSHANG,BALINDE28MINGGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANXIEDAIBENTUYUNDONGYUANQUDELE9JIN6YIN4TONGDEYOUYICHENGJI。ZAI2018NIANYAJIADAYAYUNHUITIANJINGXIANGMUDEBISAIZHONG,BALINPINGJIEFEIZHOUGUIHUAJUNTUANYINGDELE12MEIJINPAI,WEIJUJIANGPAIBANGDI2,KATAERYEQUDELE4JIN2YIN1TONGDEHAOCHENGJI。ZHEIXIEGUOJIADUITIYUJINGJISHUIPINGDETISHENGSUQIUZHIJIELADONGGUIHUAYUNDONGYUAN“SHICHANG”DEFANRONG。

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                  1.3、 国家优势项目人才供过于求致使部分运动员选择归化

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                  1.4 、个人利益驱使运动员选择归化生活

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                  2、“归化”运动员之辩

                  2.1、“公”“偏”之辩,对国际竞技体育秩序冲击之思考

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                  2.2、“促”“阻”之辩,对归化国竞技体育人才培养发展之思考

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                棋牌大全下载安装   GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANDEYINRUJIBENTUGUOJIADAILAIXIANJINDEXUNLIANLINIANHEKEXUEDEXUNLIANFANGFA,DANTONGSHIYEEZHILEBENTUNIANQINGYUNDONGYUANDEFAZHAN。CONGZHANGYUANLAIKAN,GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANJIUJINGSHICUJINHAISHIZUAILEBENGUOJINGJITIYUSHUIPINGDETISHENGHAIYOUDAIYUSHIJIANDEJINYIBUKAOZHENG。

                  2.3、“利”“义”之辩,对运动员个体价值实现之思考

                  JINZITAXINGDEJINGJITIYURENCAIXUANBAJIZHI,JUEDINGLENENGGOUZUIZHONGTONGGUOJINGJITIYUSHIXIANGETIJIAZHIDEYUNDONGYUANSHAOZHIYOUSHAO。ERJINGJIYUNDONGYUANDEPEIYANGCONGXUANCAIDAOZUIZHONGCHENGJIDEQUDEXUYAOYIGEMANZHANGDEGUOCHENG,ZHEIYIGUOCHENGSHIDEYUNDONGYUANHENSHAOYOUJIHUIZHANGWODAOQITAYIJIZHIZHANG。RUHESHIXIANZIJIDEGERENJIAZHI,CHENGWEINEIXIE“FEITAJIAN”YUNDONGYUANSUOYAOMIANLINDEWENTI。GERENJIAZHIZHUYAOYOULIANGGECENGMIANDEHANYI,(1)ZHIWUZHICENGMIAN,ZHIGETITONGGUOZIJIDEXINGWEISUODADAODEWUZHISHUIPING;(2)ZHIJINGSHENJIAZHICENGMIAN,ZHIGETITONGGUONULIQUDEDESHEHUICHENGJIUJIRENKE。ZAISHIJIEJINGJITIYUDEFAZHANGEJUZHONG,MOUXIEXIANGMUQIANGGUO,WANGWANGRENCAIJIJI,JIBIANYOUDEYUNDONGYUANYIJINGZAISHIJIESHANGSHUYUYILIUSHUIPING,DANRENGYOUKENENGWUFADAITIGUOJIACANJIASHIJIEDASAI。BIRUWOGUODEPINGPANGQIUYUNDONG,ZAIXIANGDANGZHANGDESHIJIANZHONGCHUYUSHIJIELONGDUANDIWEI,YOUYUGUONEIJINGZHENGTAIJILIE,XUDUOYOUXIUYUNDONGYUANWUFADAIBIAOBENGUOCANSAI,BIANZHIYOUXUNLIANDEGONGZI,GERENJINGJIJIAZHIYENANYISHIXIAN。YUSHIBIANYOUBUFENYUNDONGYUANXUANZETONGGUO“BEIGUIHUA”DEFANGSHIYIQIUSHIXIANZIJIDEJIAZHI。

                棋牌大全下载安装   GUIHUAZUOWEISHIJIEXINGHUATIBEISHOUZHENGYI。JIYUKONGMENGYILISIXIANG,ZHUZHANGQIULIXINGWEIYINGGAISHOUDAO“YI”DEYUESHU。ZAIMOSIKETUANTISHIPINGSAINVTUANJUESAI,ZHONGGUOSHUJILEXINJIAPO,ERXINJIAPODEFENGTIANWEI、WANGYUEGU、SUNBEIBEI、LIJIAWEI、YUMENGYUYUANBENDOUSHIZHONGGUOREN,HENDUOMEITIXICHENG,ZHONGGUOBUSHISHUJILEXINJIAPO,ERSHISHUJILEZHONGGUONVERDUI。WUDUYOUOU,LIYUEAOYUNHUINVZIPINGPANGQIUTUANTISAIBANJUESAI,RIBENNVPINGBUDIDEGUONVPING,BEIDANGZAILEJUESAIDEDAMENZHIWAI,DEGUODUIDEZHONGGUOGUIHUAQIUYUANHANYING、DANXIAONAZAIBISAIZHONGQIDAOLEJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG。BUSHAORIBENMEITIFENFENBIAOSHI:ZHEIBUSHIDEGUODUI,ERSHI“ZHONGGUOERDUI”!CONGQIPEIYANGGUOCHENGLAIKAN,YUANGUOJIASHIQICHENGCAICHENGZHANGDEZHUYAOTOURUGUO,ZAIYUNDONGJINENG“CHENGXING”HOU,DAIBIAO“GUIHUAGUO”YU“YUANJIGUO”ZAISAICHANGSHANGJINXINGSISHA,YOUBEIYUCHUANTONG“YIYIWEISHANG”DAODEYUANZE。

                  SHOUXIANYUGUONEIJILIEDEJINGZHENGHUANJING,BEIFU“LI”DEMUDEYIXUNZHAO“YI”DEPINGHENG,DUIYUGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANBENSHENDOUSHIYIGENANTI。ZAI“LI”“YI”QUSHEMIANQIAN,(1)SHOUXIANYAOJIAQIANGYUNDONGYUANDEZHENGZHISUZHIPEIYANG,YAODONGDE“GUO”YU“JIA”DEGAINIAN,GUOJIARONGYUGAOYUYIQIE;(2)YAOMANZUYUNDONGYUANDEJIBEN“LIYI”BAOZHANG,JIEJUETAMENDESHENGHUOKUNNANHEHOUGUZHIYOU,ZAIMANZUJIBENSHENGHUOTIAOJIANDEJICHUSHANG,FUWUHAODAZHONG,XIAOLIYUGUOJIA。

                  2.4、“融”“歧”之辩,对归化现象背后的民族文化之思考

                  MINZUSHIRENLEISHEHUIFAZHANDAOYIDINGLISHIJIEDUANCAIXINGCHENGDEJUYOUGONGTONGYUYAN、GONGTONGDIYU、GONGTONGJINGJISHENGHUO,YIJIBIAOXIANYUGONGTONGWENHUATEDIANSHANGDEGONGTONGXINLISUZHIDEWENDINGDERENMENGONGTONGTI。JINXIENIANLAIYUNDONGYUANGUIHUAXIANXIANGFAZHANXUNMENG,YUNDONGYUANDEGUIHUAGUOCHENGWANGWANGBANSUIZHEYUNDONGYUANGUOJIGUISHUDEBIANHUA。CONGZHEIYIJIAODULAIKAN,YUNDONGYUANGUIHUAXIANXIANGSIHUNENGGOUZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGTUIDONGRENLEIMINZURONGHEDEJINCHENG。DANZUOWEIYIZHONGDAIYOUQIANGLIEMUDEXINGDEMINZURONGHEFANGSHI,QIRONGHEBANSUIZHEDEYANSHENXIAOYINGZHIDEGUANZHU。

                棋牌大全下载安装   TONGCHANG,DAIBIAOGUOJIAZHANZAIGUOJISAICHANGLINGJIANGTAIDEYUNDONGYUANWANGWANGBEISHIWEIGUOZHIYINGXIONG,MINZUJIAOAO。TONGSHI,GUOJISAICHANGZHONGYUNDONGYUANDEBIAOXIANYEZHUJIANCHENGWEIYIZHONGSHULIGUOJIAXINGXIANGDEZHONGYAOXINGSHI。ERYIGEGUOJIAYINRUYUNDONGYUANGUIHUADEMUDEWANGWANGSHIDAIBIAOGUIHUAGUOCANJIAGUOJIBISAI、QUDEMINGCI,GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANDAIBIAOGUIHUAGUOZHANZAIGUOJISAICHANGDEJUGUANGDENGXIA。YINCIGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANDEYINGXIANGLIYAOYUANYUANGAOCHUPUTONGYIMINZHE。SUIQIERLAIDEYUANGUOWENHUAYEJIANGSHOUDAOGUIHUAGUORENMINDEGUANZHU,DUIGUIHUAGUODEWENHUADAILAIYINGXIANG。CONGZHEIYIDIANLAIKAN,YOUXIUGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANDECHUXIANJIADALEGUIHUAGUORENMENDUIQITAMINZUWENHUAJIECHUDEJILV。DANCONGGUIHUAGUOQUNZHONGDEJIESHOUXINLILAIKAN,DUIYUZHEIYANGDEWENHUAJIECHU,TAMENSHILEYUJIESHOUHAISHINEIXINDICHUNI?CENGYOUWANGMINFATIEWEN“RUGUOYINRUGAOSHUIPINGGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANTIZHONGGUOCANJIASHIJIEBEI,SHIFOUNENGGOUZAICICHUANGJINSHIJIEBEINI?”YOUWANGYOUPINGLUN“YEXUKEYI,DANJIBIANSHIZHONGGUODUIPENGQILEDALISHENBEI,KEJINGTOUQIANSHENCHUANZHONGGUODUIFUDEQUANSHIHEIZHONGREN,DAJIAHUIZUOHEGANXIANG?”KEJIAN,GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANZAIGUOJIJINGJISAICHANGQUDEYOUYICHENGJISHI,BENGUOGUANZHONGDEMINZUZIHAOGANBINGMEIYOUXIANGGUONEIYUNDONGYUANYIYANGQIANGLIE,QIEZHISHAOYOUYIBUFENRENDUIGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANDAIBIAOGUOJIACANSAISHICHIPAICHITAIDUDE。ERTONGGUOQIANWENFENXI,RENMENDUI“YI”WENHUADEGUANZHUYUANYUDUIGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANDEGUANZHU,RUORENMENDUIYUNDONGYUANCHIPAICHITAIDU,NEIMEDUIYUWENHUADEJIAORONGSHIFOUHUICHANSHENGBULIYINGXIANG?LINGYIFANGMIAN,GUOJISAICHANGSHITONGGUOYUNDONGYUANZHANXIANYIGEGUOJIAJINGSHENMIANMAOHETIYUWENHUADEPINGTAI,ERDANGYIGEDUIGUIHUAGUOMEIYOURENHELEJIEDEYUNDONGYUANZHANZAILINGJIANGTAISHANG,TASHIFOUNENGGOUXUANYANGBENGUOWENHUABINGDAIBIAOBENGUOXINGXIANGXUANYANGBENGUOWENHUANI?

                  3 、国际体坛归化运动员浪潮对我国竞技体育发展之启示

                  3.1、 理性对待他国“归化”现象对国际竞技体育秩序的冲击

                  WULUNGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANXIANXIANGDUIGUOJIJINGJITIYUDAILAIZENYANGDECHONGJI,SUIZHEQUANQIUYITIHUAQUSHIDEFAZHAN,GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANXIANXIANGJIANGCHENGYUEFAPUBIANDEFAZHANQUSHI。YINCI,DANGTAGUOTONGGUOYINJINGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANDEFANGSHIZAIGUOJISAICHANGQUDEYOUYICHENGJI,DUIGUOJIJINGJITIYUGEJUZAOCHENGCHONGJISHI,YIWEIDEPIPANSHIMEIYOUYIYIDE。ZAI2018NIANYAJIADAYAYUNHUIZHONG,BALINGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANZHANHUO100m、200mGUANJUN,WOGUODUANPAOMINGJIANGWEIYONGLIQUJUDI4,QIBIAOSHIFEIZHOUYIXUANSHOUCANJIAYAYUNHUIDUIQITAXUANSHOULVEYOUBUGONG,DANTAMENYENENGCUJINYAZHOUDEZHENGTISHUIPINGTISHENG。KEJIAN,YIYIZHONGGENGJIABAORONGDETAIDUKANDAIQITAGUOJIADEGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANXIANXIANG,JIANGGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANZUOWEINULIGANCHAODEMUBIAO,KEDUIWOGUOSHENZHISHIJIEJINGJITIYUXIANGMUDEZHENGTIFAZHANQIDAOJIJIDETUIDONGZUOYONG。LINGYIFANGMIAN,GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANZUOWEIXUNSUTIGAOGUOJIAGUOJITIYUJINGZHENGLIDEZHIJIEFANGSHIWUYONGZHIYI。TONGGUOYINJINGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANYIXUNSUTIGAOWOGUORUOSHIJINGJIXIANGMUGUOJIJINGZHENGLIDEFANGSHIDEDAOBUFENRENSHIDEZHICHI。DANJINJINXIWANGTONGGUOYINJINGUIHUAYUNDONGYUAN,DAIBIAOWOGUOCANJIAGUOJISAISHI,YIXUNSUTIGAOWOGUOXIANGMUJINGZHENGLIDEFANGSHIZHIBIAOQIBEN,BULIYUWOGUOTIYUXIANGMUDEZHANGYUANFAZHAN。DUIDAIWOGUOYINRUGUIHUAYUNDONGYUAN,YINGCHIJINSHENTAIDU。YINJIN“GUIHUA”YUNDONGYUANDEMUDESHIDAIDONGWOGUOZAICIXIANGMUDEZHENGTIFAZHAN,CHONGFENFAHUI“GUIHUA”YUNDONGYUANZAIGUONEIYUNDONGSHUIPINGTIGAOZHONGDEDAIDONGZUOYONG,CUJINGUONEIWAIYUNDONGXIANGMUZAIJISHU、FENGGE、LIUPAIDEGONGRONG,GOUJIANZHONGWAITIYUWENHUAGOUTONGJIAOLIUDEQIAOLIANG。

                  3.2、 发挥归化运动员优势带动我国运动员培养体系

                  GUIHUAGAOSHUIPINGYUNDONGYUANYIJINGCHENGWEIDUOSHUGUOJIATIGAOJINGJICHENGJIDEZHONGYAOJUCUO。YOUYUWOGUOTESHUDEZHENGCEHEZHIDU,RENGJIANCHIDANYIGUOJI,FOUREN“SHUANGZHONGGUOJI”,ZHEICHENGWEIWOGUOGUIHUATAGUOYUNDONGYUANDEZHONGYAOZUAI。TONGSHIZHONGGUOSHIYIGEYIHANZUWEIZHUTIDEDUOMINZUGUOJIA,YOUZHEYUANYUANLIUZHANGDEYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUA,AIGUOZHUYIQINGHUAIHEMINZURENTONGGANZHIGENYUGUOMINXINZHONG,MINZUZIHAOGANHERONGYUGANYEBURONGXUQITAGUOJIYUNDONGYUANDAIBIAOZHONGGUOZHANZAIZUIGAOLINGJIANGTAI。

                  DANGJIN,SUIZHEGUOJIJINGJITIYUJUSHIRIYIFUZA,GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANXIANXIANGYUYANYULIE。YAOQIUWOGUOBIXUJIAKUAITIYUSHIYEGAIGEDEBUFA,GUIHUAYOUXIUWAIJIYUNDONGYUAN,YIDAIDONGWOGUOYUNDONGYUANPEIYANGTIXI。XIANRUJIN,WOGUOZHENGSHICHUYUYOUTIYUDAGUOXIANGTIYUQIANGGUOMAIJINDEGUANJIANSHIQI,WOMENBUYINGGAIGUBUZIFENG,LIXINGDUIDAIGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANLANGCHAO,BINGQIJIUYOUFENGJIANSIXIANG,GENGXINGUANNIAN。WOMENKEYITONGGUOGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANRANGQIFUZHUWOGUOJINXINGXUNLIANERBUCANSAI,XUEXITAGUOXIANJINDEXUNLIANLINIANHEPEIYANGJIZHI,XINGCHENGWANZHENGDEZHANGQIDEXUNLIANGUIHUA,ZOUZHONGGUOTIYUDEZIWOFAZHANZHILU。“GUIHUA”YUNDONGYUANSUODAILAIDE“NIANYUXIAOYING”DUIYUNDONGYUANJIZHANSHUSHUIPINGDETIGAOYIJIYUNDONGYUANDEXUNLIANXINLIDENGDOUYOUJIAODABANGZHU。PINGPANGQIUXIANGLAISHIZHONGRIYOUYIJIAOWANGDEQIAOLIANG,RIBENHENZAOJIUKAISHIGUIHUAWOGUOYOUXIUPINGPANGQIUSHOU,RUWEIQINGGUANG,1998NIANZAIYAJINSAISHANGJIBAIMALIN,HOULAIDANRENRIBENNANDUIZHUJIAOLIAN。WEIQINGGUANGDUIXINSHIJIRIBENNANDUIDEJUEQIYOUHENDAGONGXIAN。JINNIANLAI,ZAIRIBENGUIHUAQIUYUANDAILINGXIA,BENTUQIUYUANZAIZHANSHUHEDAFASHANGYOULEXINDETUPOZHISHIRIBENPINGPANGQIUZAIGUOJITITANZHONGBAOCHIZHEQIANGJINGDEJINGZHENGLI,ZHEIJIYUWOGUOHENDAQISHI。

                  3.3、 完善运动员培养、保障机制,避免我国优秀运动员恶性外流

                  2003NIAN3YUE9RI,DENGYAPINGDENGTIYUZHENGXIEWEIYUANZAIYIANZHONGTICHUWOGUO90%DEJINGJIYUNDONGYUANCONGXIAOZHANGQIJINXINGCHAOFUHEXUNLIAN,WEIGUOJIAYINGDERONGYUDEBEIHOU,DABUFENYUNDONGYUANDOULIUXIALEBUTONGCHENGDUDESHANGBING[8]。ZAI“TIJIAOFENLI”RENCAIPEIYANGMOSHIZHIXIA,GUOJIAZHIZHUZHONGYUNDONGYUANDEJINGJINENGLIPEIYANG,QUEHUSHIJIAOYUHESHENGCUNNENGLIPEIYANG。ZONGSHANG,ZAOCHENGLETUIYIYUNDONGYUANZAIJIUYEYIJIGERENFAZHANSHANGDEHENDAZUAI,SHENZHIYIDUCHUXIANXIRIZHANGPAOGUANJUNMAIJIANGPAIWEISHENGDEJUMIAN。WOGUOBAOZHANGSHUIPINGPIANDI,YUNDONGYUANDAIYUCHA,YUNDONGYUANTUIYIHOUDEANZHIDENGWENTIDAOZHIYIXIEGAOSHUIPINGYUNDONGYUANZIYUANGUIHUADAOTAGUO,ZAOCHENGWOGUORENCAILIUSHI。WEIBIMIANWOGUOGAOSHUIPINGYUNDONGYUANEXINGWAILIU,(1)SHOUXIAN,JINGHUAGUONEITIYUHUANJING,YINRUGONGPINGXUANBAJIZHI,ZHONGSHIYUNDONGYUANXUQIU;(2)JIANLIHEWANSHANYUNDONGYUANFULIZHIDU,SHIDANGTIGAOYUNDONGYUANGONGZI,DUIJUYOUTUCHUGONGXIANDEYOUXIUYUNDONGYUANJIADAJIANGLIEDU;(3)WANSHANYUNDONGYUANPEIYANGJIZHI,JIAQIANG“TIJIAOJIEHE”PEIYANGMOSHI,TIGAOYUNDONGYUANKEXUEWENHUASUYANGWEIYUNDONGYUANGENGHAODIRONGRUSHEHUICHUANGZAOTIAOJIAN。YUCITONGSHI,ZHENGFUCHONGFENFAHUIZHUGUANNENGDONGXING,TUOKUANTUIYIYUNDONGYUANJIUYEQUDAO,CUJINTUIYIYUNDONGYUANERCIJIUYE,BAOZHANGJUYOUSHANGBINGHUOZHEERXIANYUNDONGYUANDEJIBENSHENGHUO;TONGSHIBAOZHENGYUNDONGYUANZAIYILIAO、JIAOYU、JIUYEDENGFANGMIANDEJIBENLIYI。

                  YUGUOWAIYUNDONGYUANXIANGBI,WOGUOYUNDONGYUANTUIYIHOUDESHENGHUOZHUANGKUANGBINGBULIXIANG。YUNDONGYUANZUOWEIYIMINGSHEHUILAODONGZHE,YEXUYAOJIBENDESHENGHUOBAOZHANG。YINCI,WOMENSHOUXIANYAOZUODAOWANSHANYUNDONGYUANDESHEHUIBAOZHANGJIZHI,XIAOCHUYUNDONGYUANDEHOUGUZHIYOU。

                  4、 结语

                  GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANXIANXIANGSHITIYUQUANQIUHUABEIJINGXIADECHANWU,ZAIGUOJITITANZHONGDELANGCHAOYIBUKEZUDANG。RENHESHIWUDOUYOUQILIANGMIANXING,GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANDECHUXIANBIRANBANSUIZHEZHENGYI。GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGDAIDONGLESHIJIEJINGJITIYUDEFAZHAN,DAPOLE“YIJIADUDA”DEJINGJIGEJU,JIYULEYUNDONGYUANZAIYICIZHENGMINGZIWODEJIHUI,JIEJUELERENCAIGUOSHENGWENTI,SHITIYUCHENGWEIGEGUOYOUHAOJIAOWANGDEQIAOLIANGHENIUDAI。YUCITONGSHI,GUIHUAYUNDONGYUANDUIGUOJIJINGJIZHIXU,GUIHUAGUORENCAIPEIYANGYIJIMINZUWENHUAYEDAILAILEJIAODACHONGJI。BENWENRENWEIZAIGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANFUHEGUOJIFAGUIYIJIDAODEGUIFANDEQINGKUANGXIA,YINGYIGENGJIABAORONGHEKAIFANGDETAIDUZHENGQUEKANDAIZHEIYICHAOLIU,SHIGUIHUAYUNDONGYUANGENGHAODIFAHUIQIXIAOYING,YIQIDAIDONGWOGUOTIYUSHIYEHESHIJIEJINGJITIYUJIANKANGCHIXUFAZHAN。

                  参考文献

                  [1]林民望.运动员归化的政策选择:经济理性与民族主义的双重考量[J].天津体育学院学报,2013,28(05):451~455.
                  [2]王占坤,黄衍存.全球化视野下运动员归化现象研究[J].武汉体育学院学报,2014,48(07):25~30.
                  [3]张大为,曹景川.义利观视域下我国归化运动员的伦理考量[J].沈阳体育学院学报,2018,37(04):64~68.
                  [4]庞建民.“运动员归化”现象的研究[J].安徽体育科技,2016,37(03):9~11.
                  [5]马肇国,孙侃然.“归化”运动员的国际趋势与中国对策[J].体育与科学,2017,38(04):109~114+102.
                  [6]梁国力,高进超.人才跨国流动视域探析亚洲篮球归化球员现象[J].安徽体育科技,2013,34(03):7~9.
                  [7]杨志仙.亚洲田径赛场上的运动员归化[J].体育成人教育学刊,2015,31(02):67~68.
                棋牌大全下载安装   [8]梁艳,张鹏.体育伦理学视野下对“海外军团”的再审视[J].湖北经济学院学报(人文社会科学版),2013,10(02):28~29.

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