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                    1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 体育论文 > 木球体能训练现状与方法策略

                      木球体能训练现状与方法策略

                      时间:2019-01-16 10:21作者:冯星智
                      本文导读:这是一篇关于木球体能训练现状与方法策略的文章,木球运动训练和比赛的目的是提高和发展运动员的竞技能力,而竞技能力提高和发展的主要途径是改善其结构[1]。目前,学者们对各项体育运动项目的体能训练方法,都提出了独到的见解。

                        摘    要: 随着全民健身热潮的涌动,大众的健身意识逐渐提升,越来越多的大众投身于各类休闲体育运动项目中,各地区逐渐开始大力推广木球运动。木球作为一项新型运动项目,主要是以有氧运动为主,同时对于参与者的肌肉爆发力与身体协调能力,也有着很高的要求。因此,探讨更好的体能训练方法,提高木球体能训练水平,减少运动损伤是摆在木球体能训练者们面前的重要课题,文章旨在研究木球体能训练基本特征,分析木球体能训练方法,为体育相关部门在木球体能训练方面提供可行性思路。

                        关键词: 棋牌大全下载安装当代木球; 体能训练; 方法策略; 分析研究;

                        MUQIUYUNDONGXUNLIANHEBISAIDEMUDESHITIGAOHEFAZHANYUNDONGYUANDEJINGJINENGLI,ERJINGJINENGLITIGAOHEFAZHANDEZHUYAOTUJINGSHIGAISHANQIJIEGOU[1]。MUQIAN,XUEZHEMENDUIGEXIANGTIYUYUNDONGXIANGMUDETINENGXUNLIANFANGFA,DOUTICHULEDUDAODEJIANJIE。DANDUIYUMUQIUZHEIYIXIANGXINSHENGSHIWUDETINENGXUNLIANFANGFA,YOUZHANGKEXUNDEDIFANGXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO。YUNDONGYUANJIQIUGUOCHENGZHONGYAOXIANGSHILILIANGDEDAOZUIDADEFAHUIJIUBIXUYOULIANGHAODESHENTIBAOFALIYUPINGHENGNENGLI,YAOXIANGZAI12QIUDAOBISAIZHONGBAOCHILIANGHAODEJIROUGANJUE,BIXUJUBEILIANGHAODENAILI。HENDUOGAOJIMUQIUJIAOLIANSUIRANZHIDAOZHUANXIANGTINENGXUNLIANNENGGOUDAFUDUTISHENGMUQIUYUNDONGYUANDESHENTISUZHIHEYUNDONGJINENG,DANYINSHIJIXUNLIANSHESHIYUTIAOJIANDEBUZU,HENNANDUIMUQIUYUNDONGYUANJINXINGXITONGKEXUEDETINENGXUNLIAN。BENWENJIYUXIANJINDETINENGXUNLIANLINIANDEZHIDAOXIA,CAIYONGKEXUEDETINENGXUNLIANFANGFASHOUDUANDUIMUQIUYUNDONGYUANJINXINGTINENGXUNLIAN,XUNQIUSHIHEYUNDONGYUANTEDIANDEXUNLIANSHOUDUANYITIGAOYUNDONGYUANTINENGSHUIPING。

                        1、 木球体能训练基本特征

                      棋牌大全下载安装   MUQIUDEZHUYAOJISHUKANSIZHIYOUHUIGANJIQIUYIZHONGJISHU,DANSHIJISHANGZHENZHENGYAOZHANGWOBINGDAHAOQIUBINGFEIYISHI。DUIYUMUQIUHUIGANJISHUDONGZUOJIEDUANHUAFENDUOCONGSHENGWULIXUEJIAODUCHUFA[2]。YINCI,MUQIUDUIYUYUNDONGYUANSHENTIGEXIANGSUZHIDEYAOQIUBIJIAOGAO,WULUNSHIZAIHUIGAN、JIQIUHAISHIZAIGUOMENFANGMIAN,YUNDONGYUANBIXUYAOZUODEJIUSHIZHUANDONGKUANBUHUIGANJIQIU,YINCIBIXUBAOZHENGSHENTIJUYOULIANGHAODEPINGHENGYUXIEDIAONENGLI。ZAIQUANHUIGANSHICONGGANTOUZUIGAOCHUDEJINGZHIZHUANGTAI,JIASUZHIZHUANGJIDAOQIUJIEDUAN,DOUXUYAOMUQIUYUNDONGYUANTIGONGKUAISUDEBAOFALI,CONGERBAOZHENGMUQIUSHUNLITONGGUOQIUMEN。XIANGGUANRENSHITONGJILEXUDUOMUQIUDEDASAIJISHU,FAXIANHUIGANXUNSUHESHENTILINGMINXINGGAODEYUNDONGYUAN,ZAIBISAIZHONGJIQIUGUOMENDECHENGGONGLVGENGGAO。MUQIUJISHUZHUYAOFENCHENGSIGEJIEDUAN,NEIJIUSHISHANGHUIGAN、XIAHUIGAN、SONGGANYIJISHOUGAN。YINCI,LIANGHAODESHENTISUZHI,YIJILIANGHAODEXIEDIAOXINGYULINGMINXINGSHIGOUCHENGMUQIUYUNDONGDEGUANJIANYAOSU。

                        2、 木球体能现状分析

                        纵观国际上以及国内重大的木球比赛项目,跟优秀或者失败的队伍相比,我国参赛选手除了在技术方面的不足以外,身体素质以及体能方面的劣势也是非常关键的。尤其是在国际联赛中,中国人与其他国家相比体能一直处于劣势地位。目前,我国木球项目比赛中,中国队伍在12球道的个人杆数带上,表现出了一定的劣势,12球道的个人赛,打完全程需要2小时左右,如果没有良好的耐力来做赛事支撑,很难在赛事结束时打出优异比赛成绩。我国选手在2014年的木球世界杯比赛中,虽然取得较好的成绩水平,但是绝对的优势是不存在的,我国选手很难固定专业的挥杆动作。其实,通过赛事分析与对比,我们可以明显发现,出现这种问题的根本原因在于以下几点:挥杆爆发力不足,腰部力量薄弱,转动髋部的同时容易重心不稳,导致击球方向出现偏差,部分队员在这一方面还是存在着明显的缺陷。要想减少以上的缺陷问题,就要进行专门的体能训练,主要可以从以下几个方面进行。
                       

                      木球体能训练现状与方法策略
                       

                        3、 木球体能训练方法策略

                        3.1、 力量素质训练

                        LILIANGSHIRENHEYUNDONGDEJICHU,CANYUDEYUNDONGFANGSHIBUTONG,DUILILIANGDEYAOQIUYEBUYIYANG。ZAIMUQIUZHEIGEXIANGMUZHONG,DUIYULILIANGSUZHIDEYAOQIUZHUYAOSHI:SHANGZHILILIANG、YAOFUBULILIANGHEXIAZHILILIANG。

                        3.1.1、 上肢力量训练

                      棋牌大全下载安装   (1)GONGSANTOUJIYALINGSHENQULIANXI,SHOUCHIZHONG5KgYALINGKUAISUSHENQUQIANSHOUBEI,JIBEN15~20GE/CI;(2)FANSHOUFUWOCHENGLIANXIHEXINQUYU,30GE/CI;(3)ZHONGBIAOBAIHUIPAILIANXI,GENJUMUQIUDEJIDADONGZUO,PEIHEJIAOSHANGDONGZUO,JINXINGHUIPAILIANXI,20~30/CI。YISHANGSANLEIYUNDONGXIANGMUMEICI3ZUBIANHUANJIAOTILIANXI。

                        3.1.2 、腰腹部力量训练

                        (1)JINGTAIPINGBANZHICHENGLIANXI,30s/CI;(2)VZIZHICHENGZHUANTI,JIANBUDAIDONGSHOUBEIZUOYOUXUANZHUAN,DUANLIANYAOBUHEXINLILIANG,20GE/CI;(3)QUTUILIANGTOUQILIANXI,JIANBUHETUNBUDAIDONGSHOUBEIHETUIYIDONG,20GE/CI;(4)YUANDIFUSHENKUAIBUDENGSHANLIANXI,FUCHENGZAIYUJIADIANSHANG,SHOUZHOUWEIQU,SHANGSHENFANGPING,KUAISUJIAOTITAIXI,YONGFUBUDELILIANGJIANGDATUIXIANGQIANTI,20s/CI。YISHANGSILEIYUNDONGXIANGMUMEICI3ZUBIANHUANJIAOTILIANXI。

                        3.2 、耐力素质训练

                        MUQIUYUNDONGXUNLIANFANGFA,YUQITAPUTONGDEQIULEIYUNDONGFANGFABUTONG,MUQIUYUNDONGDENENGLIANGDAIXIETEDIANSHIMEIFENZHONGXIAOHAODAYUE4~6kcal,DAWAN12QIUDAOYUEXIAOHAO720kcalYISHANGDENENGLIANG,YINCIJINXINGNAILISUZHIXUNLIANSHIWANCHENGMUQIUYUNDONGXIANGMUDEJICHU。(1)KEJINXINGKUAIMANJIAOTIPAODEYOUYANGYUNDONG,TIGAOYUNDONGYUANDEXINFEIGONGNENG,GAIBIANYUNDONGYUANDEHUXIFANGSHI,CONGERBUDUANDETIGAOYUNDONGYUANDEXINFEIFUHE,20min/CI;(2)QIZIXINGCHELIANXI,SHIZHONGBAOCHIXINLVZAI110-140CI/minZHIJIAN,QIXINGJULI3GONGLIYISHANG;(3)YOUYONGLIANXI,YUNDONGGUOCHENGZHONGZHUYAOCAIYONGDIQIANGDUYOUYANGYUNDONG,RU:LIANXUYOU2000MIPAYONG,2×1000MIPAYONG,XIUXI2FENZHONG。

                        4、 结束语

                      棋牌大全下载安装   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,MUQIUSHUYUYOUYANGTIYUYUNDONG,QUANCHENGYINAILIWEIZHU,YAOXIANGTIGAOYUNDONGYUANDEYUNDONGCHENGJI,XUTONGGUOYIXIASIZHONGFANGFALAIWANCHENG。(1)JINGCHANGJINXINGLILIANGXUNLIAN,KETIGAOMUQIUYUNDONGYUANDEYAOFUBUBAOFALI,TISHENGYUNDONGCHENGJI。(2)ZHANGQIDENAILIXUNLIAN,YOULIYUTIGAOYUNDONGYUANDEBENGXUEGONGNENG,CONGERTISHENGXINFEIGONGNENG。(3)BUJIANDUANDEJINXINGLINGMINDUXUNLIAN,KEBANGZHUYUNDONGYUANPANDUANZHENGQUEDEJIQIUDIANWEIZHI。(4)MUQIUYUNDONGYUANPINGHENGNENGLIDETIGAODUIZHENGTI“YUNDONGLIAN”ZUOYONGDETISHENGYOUJIAODAYIYIQIEDUITISHENGJIQIULUODIANDEKONGZHINENGLIYOUXIANZHEZUOYONG。YINCI,SHENRUYANJIUMUQIUTINENGXUNLIANFANGFACELVE,YINJINXIANJINDEMUQIUTINENGXUNLIANJISHU,WEITIYUXIANGGUANBUMENZAIMUQIUTINENGXUNLIANTINENGHEJISHUTISHENGFANGMIANTIGONGYOUXIAOXINGDEJIANYI。

                        参考文献

                        [1]梁桦,张玮玮.木球运动员竞技能力结构分析———以贵州木球队为例[J].体育研究与教育,2015,30(01):101-105.
                      棋牌大全下载安装   [2]李保虎,赵焕斌.高尔夫运动的运动生物力学研究现状[J].第十四届全国运动生物力学学术交流大会,2010,9:314-315.

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