棋牌大全下载安装

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                                    当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 体育论文 > 潜水员常见的心理问题、影响因素及对策

                                    潜水员常见的心理问题、影响因素及对策

                                    时间:2019-01-21 10:50作者:王翔宇
                                    本文导读:这是一篇关于潜水员常见的心理问题、影响因素及对策的文章,心理健康的潜水员能够更从容的处理长期水下作业带来的压力和心理问题,应对由复杂的水下环境或者工作目标带来的挑战,在遇到意外风险和危机情况时能够更加冷静、理智的选择能够做到的最合理的应急处置方式,最大程度的

                                      摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 潜水作业的高风险和作业环境的复杂多变都要求潜水员必须具备良好的心理素质。潜水员的心理健康对潜水员的工作效率和人身安全都有着重要意义。重点分析了潜水员常见的心理问题,探讨了影响潜水员心理健康的因素,并且提出了保障潜水员心理健康的措施。

                                      关键词: 潜水员; 心理健康; 影响因素;

                                      一、潜水员心理健康的重要性

                                      QIANSHUIZUOYESHIYIXIANGJISHUYAOQIUJIGAOQIEFENGXIANNANYIYUCEDEGAOWEIGONGZUO。XINLIJIANKANGDEQIANSHUIYUANNENGGOUGENGCONGRONGDECHULIZHANGQISHUIXIAZUOYEDAILAIDEYALIHEXINLIWENTI,YINGDUIYOUFUZADESHUIXIAHUANJINGHUOZHEGONGZUOMUBIAODAILAIDETIAOZHAN,ZAIYUDAOYIWAIFENGXIANHEWEIJIQINGKUANGSHINENGGOUGENGJIALENGJING、LIZHIDEXUANZENENGGOUZUODAODEZUIHELIDEYINGJICHUZHIFANGSHI,ZUIDACHENGDUDEBAOZHANGZISHENANQUAN。

                                      二、潜水员常见的心理问题及其影响

                                      1.消极的心理应激

                                      WULUNSHIDIYICIJINXINGQIANSHUIZUOYEDEXINJINQIANSHUIYUAN,HAISHIJINGYANFENGFUDEZISHENQIANSHUIYUAN,ZAIXINDEZUOYEHUANJINGZHONGJINXINGXINDEQIANSHUIRENWUSHI,DOUHUICHANSHENGBUTONGDEXINLIYINGJIFANYING,ZHEIZHONGXINLIYINGJIFANYINGBINGBUZONGSHIJIJIDE,XIAOJIDEXINLIYINGJIFANYINGSHIQIANSHUIYUANCHANGJIANDEXINLIWENTI。

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   RUGUOQIANSHUIYUANYINWEIGEZHONGYINSUZAISHUIXIACHANSHENGLEFUMIANXINLI,DOUKENENGDAOZHIXIAOJIDEXINLIYINGJI。XIAOJIDEXINLIYINGJITONGCHANGBIAOXIANWEIJIAOLV、FANZAO、ZHUYILIBUJIZHONGDENG,DABUFENDOUKEYITONGGUODIAOJIEZIXINGHUIFU,DANYANZHONGSHIYEKENENGFASHENGSIWEICHIHUAN、MAMUSHENZHIWUFAXINGDONGDEQINGKUANG。CISHIDEQIANSHUIYUANYIDANYUDAOWEIJIHUOKUNNAN,WANGWANGWUFAZUOCHULIZHIDEYINGDUI,BUJINYINGXIANGLEQIANSHUIRENWUDEWANCHENG,HAIWEIZIJIHETARENDOUDAILAILEJIDADEANQUANFENGXIAN,TEBIESHIYINCISHOUSHANGDEQIANSHUIYUAN,WANGWANGCONGCILIUXIANANYIZHIYUDEXINLIYINYING,DUIZHIHOUDEQITAQIANSHUIZUOYECHANSHENGCHIXUXINGDEFUMIANYINGXIANG,SHENZHIBUDEBUTUICHUQIANSHUIXINGYE。

                                      2.恐慌

                                      对潜水员来说,恐慌是头号敌人,是潜水作业中最多发的心理问题。特别是经验不足的新晋潜水员,如果过度依赖潜水装备或者心理素质不够强,就很有可能在设备出现重大故障或者遇见意料之外的情况时产生恐慌。恐慌不仅可能导致水下技术的变形和应急反应的失当,也可能导致潜水员不顾一切的急速上浮,从而患上减压病甚至直接死亡。
                                     

                                    潜水员常见的心理问题、影响因素及对策
                                     

                                      3.担忧或怀疑自己患有心理疾病

                                      QIANSHUIYUANXUYAOJINGGUOGAOQIANGDUDEZHUANYEXUNLIANHEZHANGSHIJIANDELIANXICAINENGSHENGREN,ZAIJIASHANGQIANSHUIXINGYEDUIXINLIJIANKANGDEPUBIANZHONGSHI,YINCIZHENZHENGHUANSHANGXINLIJIBINGDEQIANSHUIYUANXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,YINWEIYOUGUOXIAOJIXINLIYINGJIFANYINGDEJINGLI,ERDANXINHUOZHEHUAIYIZIJIHUANYOUXINLIJIBINGDEQINGKUANGXIANGDUIDUOJIAN。

                                      YOUYUWOGUOXINLIJIANKANGFANGMIANDEYILIAOHEZHENDUANSHANGCHUYUFAZHANZHONGJIEDUAN,RENMENDUIXINLIJIBINGDERENSHISHUIPINGYECHUYUFAZHANZHONGJIEDUAN,YINCIZHEIZHONGDUIZIJISHIFOUHUANYOUXINLIJIBINGDEDANYOUHEHUAIYICHANGCHANGJIQIANSHUIYUANDAILAIJIDADEEWAIXINLIYALI,SHENZHIHUICHUXIANZAIQIANSHUIZUOYESHIFENXIN“YANZHENG”ZISHENXINLIJIBINGDEQINGKUANGHUOZHEZHENDEHUANSHANGYIBINGZHENG,DUIGONGZUOHESHENGHUODOUZAOCHENGSUNHAI。

                                      4.心理疲劳

                                      QIANSHUIYUANDEGONGZUOXINGZHIJUEDINGLETAMENXUYAOZHANGQIZAIFENGBI、GAOYA、XIAXIAO、GUDU、YOUJINGDEKONGJIANZHONGJINXINGZUOYE,TEBIESHICONGSHIBAOHESHIQIANSHUIZHEILEITESHUQIANSHUIZUOYEDEQIANSHUIYUAN,XUYAOZHANGQIBAOLUZAI300MISHENDUJIYIXIADEHAISHUIZHONG,SHENZHIXUYAOZAIZUOYESHENDUTINGLIUSHUSHITIAN,ZAIZHENGGEGONGZUOQIJIAN,ZHUYILIDOUBIXUGAODUJIZHONG,TINGLIUQIJIANDESHENGMINGANWEIYOUQUANBUJITUOYUJIAYASHENGHUOCANG,NENGGOUJIAOLIUDEDUIXIANGHEJIAOLIUYIYUANDOUFEICHANGKUIFA,ZHEIXIEQINGKUANGDOURONGYIJILEIGUODADEYALI,DAOZHIQIANSHUIYUANDUIQIANSHUIGONGZUOCHANSHENGDICHUYANFAN、DICHU,ZUIZHONGZAOCHENGXINLIPILAO,ZHIJIEWEIJIQIANSHUIZUOYEDEXIAOLVHEQIANSHUIYUANDEANQUAN,SHICHANGJIANDANYINGXIANGJUDABIXUYINQIZHONGSHIDEXINLIWENTI。

                                      三、影响潜水员心理健康的因素

                                      1.压力

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   QIANSHUIYUANDEYALILAIYUANYOUHENDUO,RUELIEDEHUANJING、DANDIAOQIEZHONGFUDEGAOQIANGDUGONGZUO、JULIEDETILIXIAOHAO、QIANSHUIZUOYEZHONGYUDAODEYIWAIDENG,DOUHUIDAOZHIQIANSHUIYUANDEYALIBUDUANLEIJI。JINERDUIQIANSHUIYUANDEXINLICHANSHENGYINGXIANG。

                                      2.性格

                                      QIANSHUIYUANBENRENDEXINGGEDUIXINLIYOUHENDAYINGXIANG,TONGSHIYEHUIYINGXIANGDAOZISHENDUIQITAXINLIJIANKANGXIANGGUANYINSUDEGANZHIHERENZHI,RUTONGYANGDEYALILAIYUAN,QIDUIXINLIDEYINGXIANGYANBUYANZHONG,YOUDUOYANZHONG,WANGWANGSHIYINRENERYIDE。TONGSHI,QIANSHUIYUANDUIYUSHOUDAOYALIDENGQITAXINLIJIANKANGXIANGGUANYINSUDEYINGXIANGERCHANSHENGDEXINLIWENTIDECHULIFANGSHI,YEQUJUEYUGERENXINGGE。

                                      RUGUOQIANSHUIYUANDEXINGGEJIAOWEIKAILANGLEGUAN,NEIMETONGCHANGHUIBIJIAOJIJIDECHULIZHUGUANQINGXUHEXINLIWENTI,HUANJIEDIAOZHENGDESUDUHUIBIJIAOKUAI,DUIHOUXUGONGZUO、SHENGHUODEGANRAOHUIBIJIAOXIAO。RUGUOQIANSHUIYUANDEXINGGEBIJIAOPIANJIZHIAO,NEICHANGCHANGHUIDUIXINLIWENTIZUOCHUXIAOJIDEYINGDUI,BIRUQIANGXINGHUSHIXINLIWENTIERJIXUJINXINGQIANSHUIZUOYE,YINWEIGUODUDANXINERFANGDAKONGJU、QIRENYOUTIAN、JINGHUANGSHICUODENG,DUIZISHENDEXINLIJIANKANGHERENSHENANQUANYIJIHOUXUDEGONGZUO、SHENGHUODOUYOUBIJIAODADEFUMIANYINGXIANG。

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   TONGSHI,QIANSHUIYUANDEXINGGEDUIQIRENJIGUANXIYEYOUZHEZHIJIEYINGXIANG,ERRENJIGUANXIDEHAOHUAINENGGOUYINGXIANGDAOYUTONGSHIZHIJIANDEXINRENDUHEPEIHEMOQIDU,JINERYINGXIANGGONGZUOXIAOLVHEANQUAN。RUGUOQIANSHUIYUANXINGGEDUOYI、GUZHI,YUTONGSHIZHIJIANDERENJIGUANXIJIAOCHA,NEIMEZAISHUIXIASHITAJIUGENGRONGYICHANSHENGCAIJI、GEHEHEJIAOLVDENGXINLIWENTI,CONGERZUOCHUYIXIECHONGDONG、LUMANGDECUOWUCAOZUO。

                                      3.经历

                                      QIANSHUIYUANDEGONGZUOJINGLIDUIQIXINLIJIANKANGYEYOUZHEZHONGYAODEYINGXIANG,ZHEIZHONGYINGXIANGYOUZHENGMIAN,YEYOUFUMIAN。ZHENGMIANYINGXIANGRUFENGFUDEGONGZUOJINGLINENGGOUKAIKUOQIANSHUIYUANDEYANJIE、TIGAOQIANSHUIYUANDEJIQIAOBINGQIEBANGZHUQIANSHUIYUANJILEIJINGYAN,SHIDETAMENNENGGOUDUIGELEIQINGKUANGZUOCHUGENGZHUNQUEDEYUPAN,YUJIANGENGSHAODEYIWAIFENGXIAN,BINGQIENENGGOUGENJUSHIJIXUYAOZUOCHUGENGYOUXIAO、GENGHELIDEYINGDUI。

                                      FUMIANYINGXIANGRUZHANGQIDEGONGZUORONGYIDAILAIPILAOHEYALI,GENGRONGYISHIRENDUIZHIYECHANSHENGJUANDAISHENZHISHIPAICHI。DIANXINGLIZIJIUSHIDUIZHUIJIANGGONGJIAOCHEDEDALAOZUOYE,JISHIJINGGUOLEYANKUDEXUNLIAN,CANLIEDEXIANCHANGRENGRANHUIDUIQIANSHUIYUANDEXINLIZAOCHENGHENDAYINGXIANG。TONGSHI,XUDUOQIANSHUIYUANZAIZHIYESHENGYAZHONGDOUCENGYOUGUOSHENBIANDETONGSHIYINWEIYIWAIERCURANSIWANGDEJINGLI,ZHEIZHONGJINGLIDUIQIANSHUIYUANDEXINLIJIANKANGJIUCUNZAIZHEJIQIANGDEFUMIANZUOYONG。

                                      4.不当判断

                                      BUDANGPANDUANSHIQIANSHUIYUANCHANSHENGXINLIWENTIDEYUANYINZHIYI,QINEIRONGBAOKUOCANJIACHAOCHUZISHENNENGLIJINGYANDEQIANSHUIHUODONG,RUMEIYOUDONGXUEQIANSHUIZHENGSHUERQUCANJIADONGXUEQIANSHUI;QIANSHUIQIANHULVEZUOANQUANJIANCHA,RUCHUANDAIMEIYOUJINGGUOJIANCHADEZHUANGBEIQUQIANSHUIDENG。BUDANGPANDUANHUIDAOZHIQIANSHUIYUANYUDAOBUBIYAODEYIWAIFENGXIAN,JINERYINGXIANGQINGXUHEXINLIYINGJIFANYING,DAOZHIJINJIQINGKUANGDEFASHENG。

                                      四、如何保障潜水员心理健康

                                      1.编制科学的潜水行业心理健康测评表定期测评

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   XIANJIEDUAN,QIANSHUIYUANSHIYONGDEXINLICEPINGBIAORENGRANSHITONGYONGDESCL90,QUESHAOKEXUEXING、ZHENDUIXINGHEZHUANYEXING,MEIYOUBANFAFANYINGYIXIEQIANSHUIXINGYETEYOUDEXINLIWENTIHEQIANZAIYINHUAN。YINCI,YAOBAOZHANGQIANSHUIYUANDEXINLIJIANKANG,KEYITONGGUOBIANZHIJUYOUZHENDUIXINGDE、KEXUEDEQIANSHUIXINGYEXINLIJIANKANGCEPINGBIAO,TONGGUODINGQICEPINGDEFANGSHI,LAIYUFANGHETIZAOFAXIANXINLIJIANKANGWENTI,BAYINHUANXIAOMIEZAISHANGWEIMENGFAZHISHI。

                                      2.增强潜水员的心理素质

                                      XIAOJIDEXINLIYINGJIFANYINGHUIDAILAIWEIXIAN,DANJIJIDEXINLIYINGJIFANYINGNENGGOUBANGZHUQIANSHUIYUANZAIYUJIANWEIXIANSHIWENDINGQINGXU、LINWEIBUJU、CHUBIANBUJING,JIZHONGJINGLIZUOCHUZUIHAODEYINGDUI,SHENZHIXIANGSIERSHENG。ERYAOHUODEJIJIDEXINLIYINGJIFANYING,JIUXUYAOZENGQIANGQIANSHUIYUANDEXINLISUZHI。

                                      SHOUXIAN,ZENGJIAZHENDUIQIANSHUIYUANDELILUNPEIXUN,KEYITONGGUOKAIZHANZUOTANHUIDENGFANGSHI,CUJINQIANSHUIYUANZHIJIANDEZHENGMIANDESIXIANGJIAOLIU,PEIYANGQIDUIGONGZUOHESHENGHUODEREAI,YINGZAOHEXIEDEGONGZUOHUANJINGHEJIJIWENDINGDEXINTAI,JIANSHAOZHIYEJUANDAIXINLI。

                                      QICI,DINGQIJINXINGQIANSHUIZHISHIPEIXUNHEKAOHE,BINGZENGJIASHUIXIAYILIAOHEJIJIUFANGMIANDEZHISHIPEIXUN,KEYITONGGUOKAIBANJIANGZUOHEMONIXUNLIANDEFANGSHI,ZENGQIANGQIANSHUIYUANDEZHISHIHEJINENGCHUBEI,CONGERSHIQIANSHUIYUANJILEIZUGOUDEXINLIDIQI,DADAOZENGQIANGXINLISUZHIDEMUDE。

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   ZUIHOU,ZAIYOUWANSHANJIANKONGXITONGHEHOUQINBAOZHANGDEQIANTIXIA,KAIZHANELIEHUANJINGHETESHUHUANJINGDESHIYINGXINGXUNLIANHEMONIZUOYEXUNLIAN,MOLIANQIANSHUIYUANNAILIHEYILI,GONGGUJIQIAO,DUANLIANYINGJIYINGBIANNENGLI,ZENGQIANGCHENGSHOUNENGLIHESHIYINGNENGLI,JINERZENGQIANGQIANSHUIYUANDEXINLISUZHI。

                                      3.完善退出机制

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   TONGCHANGLAISHUO,QIANSHUIJIGOUHUIDINGQIDUIQIANSHUIYUANJINXINGTIJIAN,JISHIFAXIANXUYAOXIUXI、ZHILIAOHUOBUSHIYIJIXUCONGSHIQIANSHUIGONGZUODESHENTIWENTI。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,HAIYINGDANGWANSHANTUICHUJIZHI,DUIBUSHIHEJIXUCONGSHIQIANSHUIGONGZUODEQIANSHUIYUAN,JIYUQIDIAOGANG、ZHUANXINGDEJIHUI,YIJIEJUEQIHOUGUZHIYOU,JIANQINGBUBIYAODEXINLIFUDAN,CONGERBAOZHANGXINLIJIANKANG。

                                      参考文献

                                      [1] ZHUYONGMING.TIGAOQIANSHUIYUANXINLISUZHI,PEIYANGHEGEDEQIANSHUIRENCAI[J].CAIZHI,2016,(06):34.

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