棋牌大全下载安装

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                      • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 体育论文 > 运动选手体能训练基本原则与途径探究

                        运动选手体能训练基本原则与途径探究

                        时间:2019-02-26 14:15作者:王素红
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于运动选手体能训练基本原则与途径探究的文章,众所周知,体能在任何一个项目中都是不可替代的。从运动体系的格局上来讲,战术与技术的基础主要体能,没有一个良好的体能,一切战术与技术都难以实现的,这是运动竞技比赛规律,也是大众健身经验的智慧。

                          摘    要: 棋牌大全下载安装运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法对体能的概念与体能要素进行一系列剖析,并在明晰体能概念的基础上,对体能训练的基本逻辑和原则进行了梳理,进而,对体能训练的基本路径进行了探析,以期为运动队与竞技运动教练、管理者提供一定的参考。

                          关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 运动员; 体能训练; 核心; 训练路径;

                        棋牌大全下载安装   ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,TINENGZAIRENHEYIGEXIANGMUZHONGDOUSHIBUKETIDAIDE。CONGYUNDONGTIXIDEGEJUSHANGLAIJIANG,ZHANSHUYUJISHUDEJICHUZHUYAOTINENG,MEIYOUYIGELIANGHAODETINENG,YIQIEZHANSHUYUJISHUDOUNANYISHIXIANDE,ZHEISHIYUNDONGJINGJIBISAIGUILV,YESHIDAZHONGJIANSHENJINGYANDEZHIHUI。XIANRAN,TINENGDUIYUYIGEYUNDONGYUANLAISHUO,KEYISHUOSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODEJICHU。NEIMETINENGDEHEXINYAOSUSHISHENME?RUHEDUANLIANTINENGZESHIYIGEBUKEHUIBIDEZHONGYAOHUATI。JIYUCI,BENWENCONGTINENGDESHIJIAOCHUFA,DUITINENGDEHEXINYAOSUJINXINGYIXILIEPOUXI,YIGONGGELEIYUNDONGXUNLIANGUANLIRENYUANYUJIAOLIANYUANCANKAO。

                          1 、体能概念与体能要素

                          1.1、 何谓体能

                          TINENGYICIDEYUANQIYOUDUOZHONG,QIGAINIANJIEDINGYESHIJIANRENJIANZHI,XIFANGXUEZHEYOUXIFANGXUEZHEDEJIANGFA,DONGFANGXUEZHEYOUDONGFANGXUEZHEDELUOJI。RANER,CONGHONGGUANSHANGLAIJIANG,TINENGGAINIANYICIZHUYAOYUANYUDONGZUOJINENGSUOZHANGXIANCHULAIDESHENTISUZHI,ZHEIYIDIANWULUNSHIZHONGXIFANGXUEZHEDOUSHIJIYUCHONGFENKENDINGDE。JUTIERYAN,TINENGSHIZHIGETIHUOQUNTIZAITILIHUODONGDEGUOCHENGZHONGSUOBIAOXIANCHULAIDESHENTISUZHI。QIZHONG,SHENTISUZHIZHUYAOSHILILIANG、SUDU、LINGMIN、XIEDIAO、FANYING、XIEDIAODENGJIFANGMIANDENENGLI。TINENGZESHIYISHANGJIGEFANGMIANSHENTISUZHIDEZONGHETIXIAN,SHISHENTISHIYINGJINGJIYUNDONGYIGEZHONGYAOTIXIAN。

                          1.2 、体能的核心要素

                          CONGQILEISHUHUAFENLAIKAN,TINENGSHISHENTISHINENGDEYIGEZHONGYAOFENZHI。QIJICHUSHIJIANKANGTISHINENG,HUANYANZHI,GETIDEJIANKANGTISHINENGSHITINENGDEZHONGYAOJICHU。YINCI,ZAITANTINENGDEHEXINYAOSUZHIQIAN,SHOUXIANYAOLIJIETINENGSHITONGGUOSHENTIYUNDONGTIXIANCHULAIDE,ZHEIYIDIANSHIJIWEIGUANJIANDE。RANER,HAIYAOZHIDAOSHENTIYUNDONGSHISHENTIXINGDE,SHISHENTINEIWAIZAIDEYIZHONGBIAOXIAN。YINCI,TINENGDEHEXINYAOSUBUJINJINSHISHENTISUZHI,ERQIE,YESHEJIDAOBUFENJIANKANGTISHINENGDEYINSU。JIYUCI,TINENGDEHEXINYAOSUZEYOUXINXUEGUANGONGNENG、JIROUGONGNENG、XIEDIAOGONGNENG、LINGMIN、PINGHENGGONGNENGYIJIROURENGONGNENGSUOZUCHENG。

                          2、 体能训练的基本逻辑与原则

                          2.1 、体能训练的基本逻辑

                          WULUNSHIJINGSAICANYU,HAISHIRICHANGSHENGHUO,TINENGSHIXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGDOUZHANYOUFEICHANGZHONGYAOJIAOSE。GETIWEISHIYINGWAIJIEHUANJING、HUODONG,JIUXUYAOYITINENGZUOWEIQIANTIYUJICHU。DUIFEIYUNDONGYUANGETIERYAN,GETICANYUWAIJIEHUODONG,ZHIYAOYOUTILIHUODONGDECANYU,ZEBIANXUYAOYOUTINENGDEJIERU。DUIYUYUNDONGYUANERYAN,YUNDONGYUANRUOXIANGYAOFAHUIQITEZHANG,ZAIYUNDONGJINGSAIZHONGHUODELIANGHAODEYUNDONGCHENGJI,ZEGENGJIAXUYAOTINENGZUOWEIQIJINENGYUZHANSHUFAHUIDEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG。JIANYAN,GETIWEILEGENGHAODESHENGHUO、SHIYINGHUANJING,ZAIYUNDONGJINGSAIZHONGBIAOXIANCHUYOUYIDEYUNDONGCHENGJI,JUNSHITINENGXUNLIANDEJIBENLUOJI。

                          2.2 、体能训练的基本原则

                          任何体能训练均要遵守一系列基本原则,这是体能训练之初,一定要谨记的。首先,要遵守由量变到质变的原则,个体的体能与技术相类似。对于大多数个体而言,体能的提高,均需要进行专门性的练习。而在具体习练的过程中,则要从小量促进,再到大运动量的促进,从而使个体的体能由弱变强。其次,个体化原则。众所周知,个体之间是存在着极大的差异的,先天与后天条件均会使得个体有着诸多不同。因此,在体能训练的过程中,要注意关注到个体的差异,采用区别性对待的方式来进行,否则,则会出现运动不足或运动过量等问题的出现。第三,超量性原则。从运动训练的角度上来看,体能的恢复与提升,都是肌纤维的超量效应而产生的,缺少超量效应的体能训练,只能在一定程度上维持体能在一定水平上,而很难有提升。
                         

                        运动选手体能训练基本原则与途径探究
                         

                          3 、体能训练的路径探析

                          3.1、 重复性训练与促进

                        棋牌大全下载安装   CONGGETITINENGTIGAODEJINGYANLAIKAN,ZHONGFUXINGXUNLIANFAWANGWANGSHIGETITINENGTIGAODEYIGEZHONGYAOFANGFA。TONGGUOSHEZHIYIDINGKEDIAOZHENGXINGDEXUNLIANQIANGDUYUXUNLIANLIANGDUIGETISHIJIAYINGXIANG,SHIDEGETIDETINENGYOUSUOTIGAO,ZHEIZHONGXUNLIANFANGSHIDUIQUEFAJINGYAN、NIANQINGDEYUNDONGYUANZHONGJINGCHANGHUIBEICAIYONG。DUIYUGAOJIYUNDONGYUANLAIJIANG,ZHONGFUXUNLIANFAZEBIANSHIQIHUIFUTILIGUOCHENGZHONGDEYIZHONGXUANZE,ERZAICHANGGUIXUNLIANZHONG,ZHONGFUXUNLIANFADETINENGXUNLIANDADOUHUIRONGHEZAIJISHUXUNLIANZHIZHONG,YUJISHUXUNLIANYIQIHELIAN,ZAIGONGGUJISHUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,TIGAOGETIDESHENTITINENG。

                          3.2、 间歇性训练法

                        棋牌大全下载安装   DUIYUSUDUNAILIXINGXIANGMUHUONANMEIXINGXIANGMU,ZHEILEITINENGXUNLIANFANGFAYINGYONGJIAODUO。RANER,JIYUXIANGMUDETEDIAN,JIANXIEXINGTINENGXUNLIANGENGJIASHIHEYUSUDUNAILIXINGYUNDONGXIANGMU。YOUYUSUDUNAILIXINGXIANGMUYUNANMEIXINGXIANGMU,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG,SHIJIWEIZHUZHONGSUDU,TONGSHI,DUINAILISUZHIYESHIYOUYIDINGYAOQIUDE,ZHEIYANGYILAI,ZAITINENGXUNLIANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DANYIZHUZHONGSUDU,HAISHIDANYIZHUZHONGNAILI,JUNKENENGHUIZAOCHENGXIANGMUZHENGTIDEFAZHANCHUXIANBUZUHUOTISHENGXIANGDUIJIAOMAN。

                          3.3、 功能性训练法

                          XIANGMUBUTONG,QITINENGXUNLIANZEYEHUICHUXIANYIXILIECHAYI。YOUQISHIDUIYUFEIZHOUQIXINGYUNDONGXIANGMUERYAN,GONGNENGXINGTINENGXUNLIANZAIJUTIXIANGMUZHONGYINGYONGJIWEIGUANGFAN。GONGNENGXINGXUNLIANDETEDIANZHUYAOSHIJIYUMUBIAOSHEDING,FENJIEJISHUDONGZUODEYAOQIU,DUIJISHUZHENGTIDUISHENTIGEGEBUWEIDEYAOQIUJINXINGPOUXI,JINER,YICIDEJINXINGJUBUTINENGQIANGHUA。HELIFENPEIJUBUYUZHENGTIZHIJIANDEGUANXI,JISHUYUSHENTITINENGQUANJUDEYAOQIUYUZHIDAOXIA,SHIXIANDUIJUBUGONGNENGDEYINGXIANG,QIMUBIAOSHIFUWUYUZHENGTI。

                          4 、结语

                          TINENGXUNLIANYUJISHUXUNLIANSHIXIANGFUXIANGCHENGDE,ZAIJISHUXUNLIANYUZHANSHUXUNLIANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOJIAQIANGTINENGXUNLIAN,JISHUYUZHANSHUCAINENGYOUXIAODITIXIAN。DANGRAN,TINENGXUNLIANDEJIBENLUOJISHIWEIJISHUYUZHANSHUERFUWUZHIWAI,TINENGXUNLIANGENGWEIZHONGYAODESHIQIANGHUALEGETISHENTIZHENGTINENGLIDEFAHUI,ZHEIYIDIANSHIDANYIJISHUXUNLIANHUOZHANSHUXUNLIANSUONANYIDACHENGDE,YINCI,ZAIJINXINGJISHUXUNLIANYUTINENGXUNLIANDETONGSHI,TINENGXUNLIANSHIYAOGENJIN。

                          参考文献

                          [1] 张立争.高校体育教学加强体能训练的重要性和对策研究[J].北京城市学院学报,2019(03):62-66+74.
                          [2] 段丽梅.武术身体教育之研究[M].北京:人民体育出版社,2017:88.
                        棋牌大全下载安装   [3] 唐韶军.生存·生活·生命:论武术教化三境界[M].北京:人民体育出版社,2016:72.

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