棋牌大全下载安装

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                      • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 体育论文 > 中国大学生篮球比赛中助攻传球的影响因素

                        中国大学生篮球比赛中助攻传球的影响因素

                        时间:2019-03-07 11:38作者:邓强
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于中国大学生篮球比赛中助攻传球的影响因素的文章,近几年来,随着世界篮球运动的不断发展,我国篮球的技术水平也有了很大的进步。但与世界的强队相比还有很大的差距,表现在助攻传球上:传球技术单调,不够灵活,核心后卫仅仅在圈顶定位传球,且传出的球威胁性小,只

                          摘    要: 传球技术是篮球比赛的中枢神经,是篮球运动重要进攻技术之一。它是篮球比赛中进攻队员之间有目的转移球的方法,是进攻队员在场上相互联系和组织进攻的纽带,是实现战术配合的具体手段,是实现技术、战术相互配合的重要手段,是一切组织进攻的基础,是球队取胜的法宝。所以比赛中如何运用所掌握的助攻传球技术传好球,应予足够的重视。

                          关键词: 助攻; 传球; 意识; 力;

                          JINJINIANLAI,SUIZHESHIJIELANQIUYUNDONGDEBUDUANFAZHAN,WOGUOLANQIUDEJISHUSHUIPINGYEYOULEHENDADEJINBU。DANYUSHIJIEDEQIANGDUIXIANGBIHAIYOUHENDADECHAJU,BIAOXIANZAIZHUGONGCHUANQIUSHANG:CHUANQIUJISHUDANDIAO,BUGOULINGHUO,HEXINHOUWEIJINJINZAIQUANDINGDINGWEICHUANQIU,QIECHUANCHUDEQIUWEIXIEXINGXIAO,ZHINENGQIDAOZHUANYIQIUDEZUOYONG。ZHUGONGSHOUDENENGLIBUQIANG,ZAIBISAIZHONGDEFENHENSHAO,SHENZHIBUDEFEN。DANGQIAN,ZAIGONGSHOUSHUANGFANGDUIKANGRIQUJILIEQIEFANGSHOUNENGLIBUDUANTIGAODEQINGKUANGXIA,DUIZHUGONGDUIYUANDECHUANQIUJIQIAOXINGHEZHANSHUXINGDEYAOQIUYUELAIYUEGAO。YINCI,RUHETIGAOHEPEIYANGQUANMIAN、SHULIANJISHUDEYOUXIUZHUGONGCHUANQIUSHOUYICHENGWEIWOGUOLANQIUXUYAOJIEJUEDEZHONGYAOKETI。

                          1、 研究对象与方法

                          1.1、 研究对象

                          DIBAJIECUBAZHONGGUODAXUESHENGLANQIULIANSAIXIBEISAIQUDEBAZHILANQIUDUI。

                          1.2 、研究方法

                          ZHUYAOYUNYONGWENXIANZILIAOFA、SHUJUTONGJIFAHEJINGYANZONGJIEFA。

                          2 、研究分析与结果

                          2.1、 传球的概念

                          CHUANQIUSHIJINGONGPEIHEDEQIAOLIANG,SHIZUZHIQUANDUIJINGONGDENIUDAI,SHISHIXIANJISHU、ZHANSHUXIANGHUPEIHEDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN,SHIYIQIEZUZHIJINGONGDEJICHU,SHIQIUDUIQUSHENGDEFABAO。TADEHAOHUAIZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHANSHUZHILIANGDEGAODIHEBISAIDESHENGFU。ZHUYAOBAOKUO:(1)JIEWEIXINGCHUANQIU:DANGCHIQIUDUIYUANSHOUDAOGONGJIXINGFANGSHOU,MIANLINYOUSHIQIUKENENGDEQINGKUANGXIAERCAIYONGDECHUANQIUFANGFA。SHIZIJIDUIYUANZHONGXINHUODELINGYIGEQIUDECHUANQIU。ZUZHILEDUIFANGJINBIFANGSHOUHUOQIANGDUANXINGWEIDEFASHENG。(2)GUODUXINGCHUANQIU:JIWEIKONGZHIBISAIJINGONGJIEZOU,ZHONGXINZUZHIGONGJIZHENXING,DUIYUANYUDUIYUANZHIJIANCAIYONGDECHUANQIUFANGFA。(3)ZHANSHUXINGCHUANQIU:GENJUYIDINGDEZHANSHUYAOQIU,ANZHAOGUIDINGDELUXIANYOUXIAO、HELIKUAISUDICHUANQIU。ZHEIYANGNENGDIAODONGDUISHOU,CHUANGZAOLIANGHAOGONGJIJIHUIDEPEIHEXINGCHUANQIU。(4)ZHUGONGCHUANQIU:SHIZHICHIQIUDUIYUANDAIYOUQIANGLIEGONGJIXINGDECHUANQIU,JITONGGUOMOUYICICHUANQIUSHITONGBANWUXUZUORENHEDONGZUOZHIJIEDEFENDECHUANQIU,SHIYIZHONGDAIYOUMINGQUEZHANSHUYITUDEGONGJIXINGCHUANQIU。

                          2.2、 影响比赛中助攻传球的因素

                          2.2.1 、掌握篮球运动规律

                          提高篮球传球潜意识首先,不是每一名球员都能传好球的。主要原因就是由于人们太过于偏爱运球。往深处里说,就是某种人的自私本能。往浅里说,是缺乏对篮球运动基本常识的理解和认识。从理论上讲,篮球运动是一门综合性极强的科学的实践活动。在从事这项活动时,这项科学的基本规律是要求球员的各项技术全面均衡的发展,哪一个环节都不可以有明显的缺陷,越是高水平的队伍越是如此。双方的竞争如此激烈,几乎都是用天文望远镜在搜索对方的毛病,对方一旦抓住你哪怕是最微乎其微的弱点就会一举将你击溃。那么从现象上来看呢?事实是:最好的球队都是身体、技术、战术、心理、意识水平最高最全面的队,最好的球员都是技术水平最高,接、传、运、突、投样样精通,最全面的球员——篮球之王乔丹在全明星比赛当中的“三双”记录就是最有说服力的例证。
                         

                        中国大学生篮球比赛中助攻传球的影响因素
                         

                          2.2.2 、全面扎实的基本功和个人攻击能力

                          GONGJIXINGHEZHUGONGCHUANQIUZUZHIPEIHESHIMIQIEXIANGGUANDE。YINCI,YAOQIUYUNDONGYUANBIXUZHANGWOQUANMIANDEJIBENJISHU,BUNENGZHIXIANYUCHUANQIUZHUGONGHUOTOULANDENGDANDIAODEJISHU。YINWEIGEXIANGJISHUDOUSHIXIANGHUJIEHEHEZHUANHUADE。CONGXIANDAILANQIUYUNDONGFAZHANYUGUIZEDEBIANHUAKAN,BISAIZHONGFEICHANGQIANGDIAOGERENDEGONGJILI,GERENQIANGGONGXINGDONGBUJINXIANSHILEDUIYUANDULIZUOZHANDENENGLI,ERQIESHIQUANDUIZHANSHUDEYOUJIZUCHENGBUFEN,SHIGERENDULIXING、GUODUANXINGHECHUANGZAOXINGDEJUTIBIAOXIAN。GERENQIANGGONGXINGDONGQUBIEYUMANGMUBIAOXIANJIGERENDANGAN,TASHIYUTONGBANDEHEZUO、QIANZHI、ZHUGONGDENGXIANGFUXIANGCHENGDE。DUIYUANJUBEILEHENQIANGDEGONGJILI,CAINENGCHUANCHUPIAOLIANGDEZHUGONGQIU。GERENQIANGGONGBUJINXUYAODUIYUANJUBEIQIANGZHUANGDESHENTISUZHIHEQUANMIANDEJISHU,GENGZHONGYAODESHIYAOQIUDUIYUANYOUHENQIANGDEZHUGONGYISHIHEJISHUYINGBIANNENGLI。CHULETONGGUOGERENGONGJILIGOUCHENGZHUGONGJIHUIYIWAI,HAIKEYITONGGUOTONGBANDEGERENLIYONGKONGQIE、CHUANQIE、FANPAO、ZHUANSHENBAITUOFANGSHOUYIJIWUQIUDUIYUANZHIJIANDEYANHU、DANGCHAIDENGHUODEJIEQIUJIHUIERTOULANDEFEN,TONGSHIHAIKEYITONGGUOFANGSHOUZHEDESHIWUZAOCHENGLOURENERZHIJIEDEFEN。TONGGUODUIDIBAJIECUBAZHONGGUODAXUESHENGLANQIULIANSAIXIBEISAIQUBAZHIQIUDUIERSHICHANGBISAIXIANCHANGGUANCHA,DECHUMEIYIZHIQIUDUIDECHUANQIUCISHUJIZHUGONGCHUANQIUDESHUJUTONGJI,XIANGJIANBIAO。

                          第八届CUBA中国大学生篮球联赛西北赛区参赛队传球次数及助攻传球次数统计表
                        第八届CUBA中国大学生篮球联赛西北赛区参赛队传球次数及助攻传球次数统计表

                          CONGYISHANGDESHUJUTONGJIKEYIKANCHU,QINGHAISHIDADUIDECHANGJUNCHUANQIUCISHUZAIXIBEISAIQUZHONGWEIZUIDUO,WEI272CI,CHANGJUNZHUGONGCHUANQIUCISHUWEIZUIDUOWEI12.5CI,CHANGJUNDEFENYEZUIDUOWEI102FEN;ERXIANJIAODADECHANGJUNCHUANQIUCISHUWEI242,JUXIBEISAIQUDEDIER,CHANGJUNZHUGONGCHUANQIUCISHUJUDIERWEI12CI,CHANGJUNDEFENWEI97FEN,YESHIJUXIBEISAIQUDEDIER;TAIYUANLIGONGDECHANGJUNCHUANQIUCISHUWEI241CI,ZAIXIBEISAIQUZHONGJUDISAN,CHANGJUNZHUGONGCHUANQIUCISHUJUDIWUWEI5.6CI,CHANGJUNDEFENWEI58,JUSAIQUDEDISI,DENGDENG。CONGSHANGMIANDEGUILVKEYIDECHU:CHANGJUNCHUANQIUDECISHUYUEDUOCHANGJUNDEDEFENJIUHUIYUEGAO。TONGYANG,CHANGJUNZHUGONGCHUANQIUCISHUYUEDUO,CHANGJUNDEDEFENYEYUEGAO。

                          2.2.3、 助攻传球意识的能力

                        棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIBISAIZHONG,GERENDEYUNQIUTUPOHETOULANJISHUGURANZHONGYAO,DANLANQIUBISAISHIJITIXIANGMU,GERENJISHUZAIHAO,YIDUIWUYENANYIQUSHENG。YAOBAWUGEDUIYUANLIANXIZAIYIQI,JIUBIXUYIKAOZHENGTIDEPEIHE。YINCI,CHUANQIUZAISHIXIANPEIHEHEZUZHIZHANSHUZHONGJUYOUZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,YAOTIGAOZHUGONGCHUANQIUYISHI,HEXINDUIYUANBUNENGWEICHUANQIUERCHUANQIU,YINGGAIYONGZIJIDEGONGJIDONGZUOXIYINFANGSHOU,WEITONGBANCHUANGZAOLIANGHAODEJINGONGDEFENJIHUI。SUOWEIZHUGONGCHUANQIUYISHISHIJIANLIZAIQIUYUANLIANGHAODELANQIUJINGJIYISHIJICHUSHANGDE,TASHIZHIQIUYUANZAIJIEDAOMEIYICIQIUHOUCHULEKAOLVDAOZIJIZHUANRUTOULAN、TUPOYUNQIUDENGZHIJIEGONGJIXINGDONGYIWAI,YAOSHANYUGUANCHAPANDUANGONGSHOUSHUANGFANGZHENSHIDEBIANHUAHETONGBANZAIFANGSHOUZHIYUEHOUDEXINGDONGYITU,ZUODAOZHIJIZHIBIBINGJISHIZHENGQUEDIZUOCHUCHUANQIUZHUGONGDEFANYINGJUEDUAN。CHUANQIUJINAYIGEQUYU?WAIXIAN?GAOCHUANQIUHAISHIDICHUANQIU?YUNYONGNAZHONGCHUANQIUFANGFADENGDENG,DOUYAOZAISHUNJIANNEIZUOCHUZHUNQUEWUWUDEJUEZE。ERZHEIYIJUEZEKUAIMANHESHIJIXIAOGUOYOULIE,HENZHONGYAODESHIKAOQIUYUANCHUANQIUYISHIDEQIANGRUOLAITIXIAN。YISHIQIANGGUANCHAJIUQINGXI,PANDUANJIUZHUNQUE,CAOZUOFANYINGJIUKUAI,YUNYONGCHUANQIUJISHUDONGZUOJIUNENGJIAOHELI,JISHUDONGZUODEJIQIAOZUOYONGHEXIAOGUOJIUWEIMIAO。ZHUJIANPEIYANGZHUGONGCHUANQIUDEFANYINGHEYINGBIANNENGLI,ZHENZHENGCHENGWEIYIMINGJUYOUTOUNAODEQIUYUAN。

                          2.3、 比赛中可能造成传球失误的原因

                          CHUANQIUYOUCHENGGONG,YOUSHIWU,YAODUOJINXINGZONGJIE、YANJIU,YAOXIQUJINGYANJIAOXUN。SHIWUYUANYINZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIDIAN:(1)CHUANQIUFANGSHIDANYI,CHUANQIUDIANSHAO、MIANZHAI。(2)YUNDONGYUANJIBENGONGBUZHASHI,CHUANQIUJISHUBUGOUSHULIAN,MANGMULUANYONG。(3)CHUANQIUYITUBAOLU,YINBIXINGCHA,KANZHERENCHUANQIU,ZHILAIZHIQU。(4)CHUANQIUPANDUANSHIWU,SHIJIZHANGWOBUHAO。(5)YUNDONGYUANDEXINLISUZHICHA。DUIYISHANGSHIWUDEYUANYIN,CAIQUYIXIADUICE:(1)XUEXIHEZHANGWODUOZHONGCHUANQIUJISHU,BAQIJIEHEQILAIYINGYONG。(2)JINXINGZHUANMENXINGGENZONGTONGJI,YONGSHUJUZHAOCHUSHIWUGUANJIAN,JINXINGGEBIEXUNLIANKECAIYONGXIANGYINGCUOSHI。(3)SHUXIQIUXING,ZENGQIANGSHOUDUIQIUDEGANJUE,JINXINGZHIPEIQIUXUNLIAN。(4)XUEHUIYONG“BIAOQING、YANSHEN、DONGZUO”DENGJIADONGZUOYINBICHUANQIUYITUCHUANHAOQIU。(5)YAOBA“KAN、JIANG、LIAN、ZHAN”YOUXIAOJIEHEQILAI,BUDUANDITIGAOCHUANQIUJISHU。

                          3 、结论与建议

                        棋牌大全下载安装   CHUANQIUSHISAIQIUYUNDONGZHONGZUIWEIPUTONGZUIWEIJICHUZUIWEISHIYONGDEJISHUZHIYI,ZHUGONGCHUANQIUJISHUJISHIGONGJIDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN,YOUSHIPEIHEDEJICHU。CHUANJIEQIUDEHAOHUAIZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHEZHANSHUZHILIANGHEBISAIDESHENGFU。QISHI,ZAILANQIUBISAIZHONG,ZHUGONGCHUANQIUDEFANGFAHENDUO,JUTIYAOQIUYEHENGAO,RUGUOXIANGZUODAOJISHI、ZHUNQUE、HELI、QIAOMIAO、YINBIDIJIANGQIUCHUANJIDUIYOU,ZHEIJIUXUYAOGAODULANQIUYISHI,KAIKUODESHIYE,HENHAODEJIBENGONGHEFANFUDESHIZHANLIANXIHEQIANGHUAXUNLIAN。GENJUSHIJIANDEJINGYAN,DADUOSHUJINGONGDECHENGBAIDOUQUJUEYUCHUANQIUDEHAOHUAI。YINCI,ZAIPINGSHIDEXUNLIANZHONG,YAOJIAQIANGDUILANQIUCHUANQIU、JIEQIUDENGYIXIEJICHUXINGDEJISHUXUNLIAN,ZHEIYANGCAINENGZAIFUZA、DUOBIAN、JILIEDEBISAIZHONGFAHUICHUZIJIZUIJIAJI、ZHANSHUSHUIPING。ZONGZHI,ZAILANQIUYUNDONGDESHIJIANZHONGCHUANQIUJISHUDEZHANGWOSHIXUYAOJINGGUOYIGEZHANGQIFANFUXUNLIANDEGUOCHENG,ZHUGONGCHUANQIUJISHUDEYUNYONGGENGXUYAOZAIDALIANGBISAISHIJIANZHONGBUDUANMOLIANHETIGAO。HELIDECHUANQIUFANGSHI、QIADANGDECHUANQIUSHIJI、ZHUNQUEDECHUANQIULUODIANJIUHUIGOUCHENGYIGEWANMEIDEZHUGONGCHUANQIU。ZHEISHIYIGEYOUXIULANQIUYUNDONGYUANSUOYINGJUBEIDEJIBENSUZHI,YESHIQUDEQUANDUIBISAISHENGLIDEBIYAOBAOZHENG。

                          参考文献

                          [1] 孙民治.球类运动——篮球[M].北京:北京高等教育出版社,1994.
                          [2]王梅珍,于振峰,李经.篮球组合技术[M].北京:人民体育出版社,1994.
                          [3]盖建武.影响篮球比赛快攻战术成功率主要因素分析[J].中国体育科学,2003,39(4):41-44.
                          [4] 黄频捷,胡哓刚.从小打篮球[M].北京:人民体育出版社,2006.
                        棋牌大全下载安装   [5]姜明.对篮球运动中传球技术运用的研究[J].湖北体育科技,2006,25(1):87-89.

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