棋牌大全下载安装

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                              • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 体育论文 > 排球运动员发球技术类型、特征及对策

                                排球运动员发球技术类型、特征及对策

                                时间:2019-03-18 14:15作者:杜志峰 陈鹏
                                本文导读:这是一篇关于排球运动员发球技术类型、特征及对策的文章,排球比赛开始于“发球”,而这一环节往往带有明显的攻击性特征,既可以增加信心,鼓舞士气,也可以破坏对方战术,触发挫败心理,甚至是直接发球得分,对于后续比赛具有直接或间接冲击作用。

                                  摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 发球往往是发起进攻的一个重要方式,破坏对方进攻战术,甚至是直接得分,由此需要准确把握发球类型,预知对方发球技战术,从而采取针对性的应对措施。基于此,文章在简要阐述排球运动员发球技巧类型的基础上,系统分析了其攻击性特征,据此提出针对性的应对方式。这一方面深化对排球发球技巧特征的认识,另一方面为排球训练提供必要的指导,增强运动员对于发球的应对能力。

                                  关键词: 发球技巧类型; 发球攻击性特征; 发球应对方式;

                                  Abstract: “Serving”is often an important way to launch an attack,destroying the opponent's offensive tactics,or even scoring directly. Therefore,it is necessary to accurately grasp the type of service,predict the opponent 's serving skills and tactics,and take targeted countermeasures. Based on this,this paper briefly expounds the types of volleyball players ' service skills,systematically analyses their offensive characteristics,and accordingly puts forward corresponding countermeasures. On one hand,it deepens the understanding of the characteristics of volleyball serving skills. On the other hand,it provides necessary guidance for volleyball training and enhances the players' ability to respond to serve.

                                  Keyword:棋牌大全下载安装 types of service skills; offensive characteristics of service; service coping styles;

                                  PAIQIUBISAIKAISHIYU“FAQIU”,ERZHEIYIHUANJIEWANGWANGDAIYOUMINGXIANDEGONGJIXINGTEZHENG,JIKEYIZENGJIAXINXIN,GUWUSHIQI,YEKEYIPOHUAIDUIFANGZHANSHU,CHUFACUOBAIXINLI,SHENZHISHIZHIJIEFAQIUDEFEN,DUIYUHOUXUBISAIJUYOUZHIJIEHUOJIANJIECHONGJIZUOYONG。RENHEYIGEPAIQIUYUNDONGYUANDOUBIXUSHENANFAQIUJIQIAOTEZHENG,JUBEILIANGHAODEYINGDUINENGLI。

                                  1 、排球运动员发球技巧类型

                                  1.1 、正面与侧面下手发球

                                  XIASHOUFAQIUSHIPAIQIUYUNDONGZHONGCHANGJIANDEFAQIUFANGSHI,FENWEIZHENGMIANXIASHOUFAQIUHECEMIANXIASHOUFAQIULIANGZHONG。QIANZHESHIZHIYUNDONGYUANMIANDUIQIUWANG,CONGSHENTIHOUXIAFANGXIANGQIANMIANBAIDONGSHOUBEI,ZAISHENTIQIANFANGFUBUGAODUJIZHONGPAIQIU,CUSHIPAIQIUGUOWANG。ZHEIYIDONGZUOJIANDAN,RONGYISHIYONG,JIQIUDIANWEIBIJIAODI,PAIQIUFEIDONGSUDUBIJIAOMAN,CHUJIEGAILVDI,GONGJIXINGBUTAIMINGXIAN。HOUZHESHIZHIYUNDONGYUANZUOJIANDUIZHEQIUWANG,WEIWEIWANQUXIBU,SHANGSHENLVEWEIXIANGQIANQINGXIE,ZUOSHOUCHIQIUYUFUBUQIANFANG,SUIHOUJIANGQIUPAOZHILISHENTIYIBEIZHIJUDEGAODU,YOUBEISUIZHIXIANGSHENTIYOUHOUFANGBAIDONG,ZUOZHUANSHENTI,DAIDONGYOUBEIXIANGQIANYUNDONG,ZAIFUBUQIANFANGTONGGUOQUANZHANGHUOZHESHIZHANGGENJIQIU。ZHEIYIDONGZUOJIANDANYIXUE,WENDINGXINGGAO,GONGJIXINGXIAO,SHIHEYUCHUXUEZHE。

                                  1.2 、正面上手发球与飘球

                                  ZHENGMIANSHANGSHOUFAQIUSHIZHIYUNDONGYUANMIANDUIQIUWANGZHANLI,ZUOJIAOZAIQIAN,YOUJIAOZAIHOU,ZUOSHOUCHIQIUZHIYUFUQIANWEIZHI,SUIZHIJIANGQIUPAOZHIYOUJIANQIANSHANGFANG,TONGSHITAIQIBINGHOUYINYOUBEI,ZHOUBUYUJIANBUPINGXING,ZIRANZHANGKAISHOUZHANG,SHAOWEIXIANGYOUCEZHUANDONGSHENTI,ZHONGXINLUODAOZUOJIAOSHANGMIAN,SUIHOUXUNSUXIANGZUOYIDONGSHENTI,DAIDONGYOUBEIJINXINGJIQIU,CUSHIPAIQIUXIANGQIANCHENGSHANGXUANFEIXING。ZHEIYIDONGZUOLIYONGSHOUWANTUIYAZUOYONG,RONGYIZHANGWOLUODIAN,BUYICHUJIE,ERQIENENGGOUCHONGFENJIEZHUBEIBUBAOFALI,ZENGQIANGPAIQIULILIANG、SUDU,CONGERJUYOUJIAOQIANGGONGJIXING。ZHENGMIANSHANGSHOUFAPIAOQIUSHIZHICAIYONGZHENGMIANSHANGSHOUDEFANGSHIFACHUBUXUANZHUAN、BUGUIZEPIAOHUANGFEIXINGDEPAIQIU,QIGUANJIANDONGZUOSHIYOUBEICONGHOUXIANGQIANCHENGZHIXIANHUIDONG,BINGLONGWUZHI,SHAOWEIHOUYANGSHOUWAN,YONGZHANGGENJIQIUHOUXIABU,TURANTINGZHISHOUBEI,BUJIATUILI,CUSHIPAIQIUPIAOGUOQIUWANG。ZHEIYIDONGZUOYIROUXINGFANGSHIGONGQIBUBEI,JUYOULIANGHAODEZHUNQUEXINGYUGONGJIXINGXIAOGUO。

                                  1.3、 跳发飘球与大力跳发球

                                  跳发飘球类似于正面上手发飘球,只是在此过程中加入了助跑和起跳的动作,因此其击球点位更高,飘球速度略快,弧度更平,运动轨迹变化更大,导致对方短时间内无法准确把握球的落点,到位率比较低,很容易出现接球失误。这一发球动作具有明显的攻击性特征,是排球运动员所经常使用的一个动作。大力发跳球是指运动员在助跑之后,犹如扣球一般地将球击打进对方场区,其击球点更高,与球网的距离更短,飞行弧度更平,从而大大提升了球的力量和速度,增强球的攻击性,很容易破坏对方一传的到位率,或者是直接得分,或者是挫败对方的士气。但大力发跳球对于运动员技术要求比较高,而且体力消耗比较大,成为此项发球技术的不足之处。
                                 

                                排球运动员发球技术类型、特征及对策
                                 

                                  2、 排球运动员发球技巧攻击性特征

                                  2.1 、发球速度攻击性

                                  FAQIUSUDUSHIZHICONGJIQIUDAOLUODIZHIJIANDEFEIXINGSUDU,YIGONGYUNDONGYUANXUYAOKUAISUPANDUANQIUDEYUNDONGGUIJI、LIDU、LUODIAN,BINGWANCHENGYIDONGSHENTIHEJIQIUDEDONGZUO,YINCIFAQIUSUDUYUEKUAI,YIGONGYUNDONGYUANDEFANYINGHEYUNDONGSUDUYEJIUYAOYUEKUAI,CONGERDADAZENGJIALEQIYINGDUINANDU。ZHEIZAIDALITIAOFAQIUZHONGBIAOXIANDEYOUWEIMINGXIAN,QISUDUWANGWANGKEDADAO30ZHI32MIMEIMIAO,JIYIGONGZAOCHENGHENDADECHONGJI,RANERYICHUANDAOWEIDEQINGKUANGXIA,KOUQIUCHENGGONGLVZEFEICHANGGAO。ZHEICHONGFENTUXIANCHULEDALITIAOFAQIUDEZHONGYAOXING,ZHURU2017-2018ZHONGGUONANZIPAIQIUCHAOJILIANSAIDIYIJIEDUANAZUBAYIYINGGUANTIYUNANZIPAIQIUDUIDUIHEBEINANZIPAIQIUDUI、TIANJINQUANYUNCUNNANZIPAIQIUDUIDUIZHEJIANGTICAINANZIPAIQIUDUI、HUBEINANZIPAIQIUDUIDUISHANDONGTICAINANZIPAIQIUDUI,DALITIAOFAQIUDEZHIJIEDEFENLVFENBIEWEI12.3%、11.5%、12.8%,GONGPOLVWEI10.2%、10.1%、10.4%,YIWEIZHEDALITIAOFAQIUDEDEFENLVYUGONGPOLVZAI20%ZUOYOU。

                                  2.2 、发球性能攻击性

                                  FAQIUXINGNENGSHIZHIPAIQIUYINKONGQIZULIERCHANSHENGXUANZHUANHUOZHESHIPIAOHUANGTEZHENG,CONGERZENGJIALEJIEQIUYUNDONGYUANPANDUANNANDU。XUANQIUYOUFENWEISHANGXUANQIUHEXIAXUANQIULIANGZHONG,QIANZHEZHUYAOSHIYOUDALITIAOFAERXINGCHENGDE,PAIQIUSHANGBUYALIDAYUXIABU,YINCIZAIFEIXINGSHIXIAZHUI,XINGCHENGDAGUIJIPAOWUXIAN,HOUZHEXIABUYALIDAYUSHANGBU,XINGCHENGSHANGSHENGGUIJI,SHIQIUFEIWANGHOUCHANG,HENRONGYICHUJIE。PIAOHUANGYEJISHIPIAOQIU,YUNDONGGUIJIBIANHUADA,DADATISHENGLEJIEQIUYUNDONGYUANPANDUANNANDU,JUYOUJIAOQIANGGONGJIXING,GUANGFANYINGYONGYUPAIQIUFAQIUGUOCHENGZHONG。TONGYANGSHIZAI2017-2018ZHONGGUONANZIPAIQIUCHAOJILIANSAIDIYIJIEDUANAZUBAYIYINGGUANTIYUNANZIPAIQIUDUIDUIHEBEINANZIPAIQIUDUI、TIANJINQUANYUNCUNNANZIPAIQIUDUIDUIZHEJIANGTICAINANZIPAIQIUDUI、HUBEINANZIPAIQIUDUIDUISHANDONGTICAINANZIPAIQIUDUIZHONG,PIAOQIUZHIJIEDEFENLVFENBIEWEI5.1%、4.9%、4.8%,GONGPOLVFENBIEWEI10.5%、9.8%、10.2%,YINCIPIAOQIUDEDEFENLVYUGONGPOLVDADAO15%ZUOYOU。

                                  2.3、 发球落点攻击性

                                  “LUODIAN”SHIZHIPAIQIULUODIDEWEIZHI。WULUNSHISANRENJIEFAQIU,HAISHIDUORENJIEFAQIU,DOUHUIXINGCHENGYIXIEKONGDANG,HUOZHESHICUNZAIYIXIEJIEFAQIUNENGLIBIJIAOCHADEREN,CONGERCHENGWEIFAQIUYUNDONGYUANZHONGDIANGONGJIDEMUBIAO。JIYUCI,FAQIUYUNDONGYUANJIYAOGUANZHUDALITIAOFAQIUDEXIONGHENSUDUHEJUYOULINGHUOYUNDONGGUIJIDEPIAOQIU,HAIBIXUCHONGFENGUANZHULUODIANDEWEIZHI,SHOUXIANYINGZHAODUILUODIANSUOZAIQUYU,YEJISHIDUIFANGQIUYUANZHIJIANDEKONGDANG,QICIZESHIYAOZHAODUIFAQIUREN,DINGWEIDUIFANGJIEQIUNENGLIBIJIAORUODEYUNDONGYUAN,DISANSHIYAOZHAOZHUNLUODIAN,JINGZHUNDINGWEIPAIQIUFEIXINGZHIHOULUODIDEWEIZHI,JIYAOZENGJIADUIFANGJIEQIUDENANDU,TONGSHIYEBUNENGCHUXIANBUGUOWANGHUOZHESHICHUJIEDEWENTI,ZUIHOUHAIXUYAOZHUZHONGFAQIUZHUISHEN,ZAICHUSHOUZHIHOU,NENGGOULIKEZUOHAOYINGDUIFANGONGDEZHUNBEI。YUNDONGYUANDUIYUFAQIULUODIANDEXUANZEZHIGUANZHONGYAO,ZHIJIEJUEDINGZHEFAQIUGONGJIXINGXIAOGUO,SHENZHISHIYINGXIANGDAODUIFANGDEFANGONGNENGLI。ZHEISHIZENGQIANGPAIQIUFAQIUGONGJIXINGDEYOUYIZHONGYAOFANGSHI。

                                  3、 排球发球的应对方式

                                  3.1、 制定有效的排阵策略

                                  NENGGOUJIEZHUDUIFANGDEFAQIUSHISHISHIJINGONGDEJIBENQIANTI。JIAOLIANYUANSHOUXIANYINGCHONGFENGUANZHUYUNDONGYUANDEBISAIZHUANGTAIYIJIDUIFANGQIUYUANDEFAQIUJIQIAO、SUDU、LIDU、LEIXING、LUODIANQINGKUANG,ERANPAIHESHIDEDUIXING。JIANGPANDUANZHUNQUE、YUNDONGLINGHUO、JIEQIUNENGLIQIANGDEQIUYUANANPAIZAIDUIFANGQIUYUANZUIXIGUANXUANZEDEFAQIULUODIANQUYUHEWEIZHI,BINGQIEYAOXUANZEYIWEIYUJIEQIUYUNDONGYUANYONGYOULIANGHAOMOQIDEQIUYUAN,XINGCHENGYOUXIAODEPEIHE。ZHEIJINENGGOUZENGQIANGQIUDUIYUNDONGYUANDEJIEQIUNENGLI,ERQIEHAIKEYIXUNSUXINGCHENGYOUXIAODEPEIHE,CONGERZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIKUAISUJINXINGYOUXIAODEFANGONG,CONGERGAIBIANBEIDONGJUSHI,HUOQUDEFEN。ZHEISHIJIAOLIANYUANYINGDUIPAIQIUFAQIUGONGJIXINGSUOSHOUXIANYINGDANGCONGHONGGUANCENGMIANERZUOHAODEYIGEZHENGTIZHENXINGANPAI。

                                  3.2 、增强运动员的接球能力

                                  YUNDONGYUANDEJIEQIUSHIYOUXIAOYINGDUIFAQIUGONGJIXINGDEGUANJIANSUOZAI,ZHEIXUYAOYUNDONGYUANZHANGWOFENGFUDEJIEQIUJIQIAO,NENGGOUGENJUDUIFANGQIUYUANFAQIUJIQIAO、LEIXING、LIDU、SUDU、LUODIANQINGKUANGLAILINGHUOXUANZEHESHISHIJIEQIUFANGSHI。SHOUXIAN,YUNDONGYUANXUYAOZHANGWOZHENGMIANJIEQIUJIQIAO,BAOCHIZHENGQUEDESHOUXING,KAOLONGLIANGBEI,CHARUPAIQIUXIAMIAN,TONGGUOSHOUBEIDELILIANGPEIHEYIYAOBUZHICHENGLI,DIDANGPAIQIUDESUDUHELILIANG,YOUQISHIJIEZHONGQIUSHI,YAOLVEWEIWANQUZHOUBU,QIAOQIWANBU,HUANCHONGQIUDECHONGJILI,BINGQIEYOUXIAOKONGZHIPAIQIUDANCHUDEGUIJI。QICI,YUNDONGYUANXUYAOZHANGWOCEMIANSHUANGSHOUJIEQIU,ZHURUDANGQIUCONGYOUBIANFEILAISHI,JIAJINSHUANGBEI,XIANGYOUSHENCHU,TONGGUOYOUZHUANYAOHETIYOUJIANDEDONGZUO,LIYONGYAOBUNINGDONGDELILIANGLAIZUDANGQIUDESUDUHELIDU。CHUCIZHIWAI,YUNDONGYUANHAIXUYAOZHANGWOBEIJIEQIU、KUABUJIEQIU、DANSHOUJIEQIU、DANGQIUDEJIFA,ZHUNQUEBAWOQIJIQIAO,QINGCHULEJIEQIYINGYONGTIAOJIAN,CONGERZAISHIJIBISAIZHONG,NENGGOUKUAISUXUANZEHELIDEJIEQIUJIFA,ZENGQIANGGERENJIEQIUNENGLI。

                                  3.3、 培养运动员的判断意识

                                  DALITIAOFAQIUDELIDUDA、SUDUKUAI,CONGJIQIUDAOLUODIZHIYOUDUANDUAN0.5MIAODESHIJIAN,YUNDONGYUANXUYAOKUAISUPANDUANQIUDEGUIJI、LUODIANBINGYIDONGSHENTI、JIEZHUPAIQIU,NANDUBIJIAODA,1:3DESHIWUBISHIGAOSHUIPINGQIUDUI,1:2DESHIWUBISHIDINGJIANQIANGDUI,YAOQIUJIEQIUCHENGGONGLVZAI75%YISHANG,YICIJINGONGCHENGGONGLVZAI50%YISHANG。PAIQIUYUNDONGYUANBIXUJUYOULIANGHAODEPANDUANYISHI,YIFANGMIANNENGGOUYISHIDAOZISHENQIUDUIZHENXINGDE“KONGDANG”,RUODIANWEIZHI;LINGYIFANGMIANKEYIQINGCHULEJIEDUIFANGMEIYIGEQIUYUANDEFAQIUXIGUAN,ERQIENENGGOUGENJULINCHANGBISAIZHONGFAQIUYUNDONGYUANDEYANSHEN、ZISHIYIJIDUIFANGQIUDUIDEZHENXINGQINGKUANG,ERDAZHIPANDUANCHUQIFAQIUDEJIQIAO、LEIXING、LIDU、LUODIANQINGKUANG,YOUCITIQIANZUOHAOGERENYUNDONGGUIJIHEJIEQIUJIQIAODEXINLIZHUNBEI。ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG,JIEQIUYUNDONGYUANHAIBIXUZUOHAODUIFANGBIANHUANFAQIUJIQIAO、SUDU、LIDU、LUODIANDEXINLIZHUNBEI,CONGERXUANZEYIGEHESHIDEZHANWEI,YUDUIYOUZHIJIANXINGCHENGYOUXIAODEMOQIYUPEIHE,JINERGENGHAODIJIEZHUDUIFANGDEFAQIU。

                                  4 、结语

                                  ZONGTILAISHUO,“FAQIU”SHIPAIQIUBISAIDEKAISHI,RANERQUEJUYOUMINGXIANDEGONGJIXINGTEZHENG,YINGXIANGQIUDUISHIQI,SHENZHIZHIJIECHUXIANSHIWU,ZAOCHENGDUIFANGDEFEN,YOUCIXUYAOPAIQIUYUNDONGYUANJIAQIANGDUIJIEQIUDEXUNLIANHUODONG。JUTILAISHUO,PAIQIUZHONGDEFAQIUFENWEIZHENGMIANYUCEMIANXIASHOUFAQIU、ZHENGMIANSHANGSHOUFAQIUYUPIAOQIU、TIAOFAPIAOQIUYUDALITIAOFAQIUDENGJIZHONGLEIXING,QIGONGJIXINGTEZHENGJIZHONGBIAOXIANZAISUDU、LEIXING、LUODIANSANGEFANGMIAN。JUCI,JIAOLIANYUANXUYAOZHIDINGYOUXIAODEPAIZHENCELVE,ZENGQIANGYUNDONGYUANDEJIEQIUNENGLI,BINGQIEYAOPEIYANGYUNDONGYUANDEPANDUANYISHI,YOUCIGENGHAODIJIEZHUDUIFANGDEFAQIU。

                                  参考文献

                                  [1][美]塞西尔·雷诺.排球技术与战术教练指导手册[M].北京:人民邮电出版社,2016,(07).
                                  [2]尚远.世界排球技战术的发展趋势分析[J].当代体育科技,2016(3):144-146.
                                  [3]郭莹.提高排球接发球技术的身体功能训练方法[J].体育教学,2018(8):15-17.
                                棋牌大全下载安装   [4]王传龙.关于排球接发球技术训练的探究[J].当代体育科技,2018(6):22-24.

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