棋牌大全下载安装

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                1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 《英国病人》小说中国族身份的冲突与瓦解

                  《英国病人》小说中国族身份的冲突与瓦解

                  时间:2018-12-09 10:25作者:陈莲洁
                  本文导读:这是一篇关于《英国病人》小说中国族身份的冲突与瓦解的文章,两次世界大战导致国际格局发生急剧的变化,每个国家选择加入不同的政治和意识形态阵营,每个人又根据自己的国家身份、民族身份以及个人身份确定自己的阵营。

                    摘    要: 后殖民主义强调民族文化的异质性,因为殖民主义力量已经超越了对土地和主权的权利控制,更多倾向于意识形态和文化渗透。本文首先介绍了霍米·巴巴的后殖民理论,侧重于宗主国和殖民地之间的模仿、模拟和混杂与第三空间。论文详尽分析了《英国病人》中人物的国家、民族和个人身份的矛盾、瓦解和重构。本文指出,各族裔群体虽然努力在杂糅状态下重构自己的身份和精神家园,建立自己的政治、宗教、种族独立性,但完全融合是不可能的。

                    关键词: 后殖民解读; 身份; 冲突与重构;

                    Abstract: Cultural heterogeneity is a key concept to post-colonialism. Instead of territory and sovereignty control, post-colonialist culture focuses more on ideological and cultural permeation. This paper gives a detailed introduction to Homi K. Bhabha's post-colonial theory, highlighting concepts such as mimesis, mimicry, ambivalence, hybridity and the third space. It analyzes the conflicts, collapses, and reconstructions of various national, ethnic and individual identities in The English Patient. It points out the impossibility of complete integration, despite of a hybridized co-existence of identity and territory reconstruction, with respective political, religious and ethnic independence.

                    Keyword: post-colonial interpretation; identity; conflicts and re-construction;

                    一、引 言

                    LIANGCISHIJIEDAZHANDAOZHIGUOJIGEJUFASHENGJIJUDEBIANHUA,MEIGEGUOJIAXUANZEJIARUBUTONGDEZHENGZHIHEYISHIXINGTAIZHENYING,MEIGERENYOUGENJUZIJIDEGUOJIASHENFEN、MINZUSHENFENYIJIGERENSHENFENQUEDINGZIJIDEZHENYING。JIANADAZUOJIAMAIKEER·WENGDAJIDE“JINBUKE”HUOJIANGXIAOSHUO《YINGGUOBINGREN》(1992)YOUANDONGNI·MINGGELAZHIDAO,GAIBIANCHENGTONGMINGDIANYING(1996)。《YINGGUOBINGREN》ZHAOSHILEERZHANQIANHOUGUOJIAHEGERENDEDUOYUANXUANZEHEDUOZHONGSHENFENDAOZHIDEJIAOCHACHONGTU:FEIZHOUYUOUZHOU、YEMANYUWENMING、ZONGZHUGUOYUZHIMINDI、NANXINGYUNVXING,XIWANGDADAOBUTONGGUOJIAMINZUZHIJIANDEHEJIEYUGONGCUN(reconciliation and coexistence)[1]。

                    MUQIAN,《YINGGUOBINGREN》YIYOUDALIANGDEYANJIUCHENGGUO:HOUXIANDAIHEHOUZHIMINSHIJIAO,ZHANZHENGCHUANGSHANGYIJILIAOSHANG、XUSHIXUETEZHENG(BUKEKAOXUSHI、PINGXINGXUSHIJIEGOU、XUSHIZHEYUQINGTINGZHEDEGUANXI),NANNVLIANGXINGDEDIKANG(feminism against patriarchy),DENGDENG[2][3]。CONGHOUZHIMINZHUYISHIJIAOJIEDU《YINGGUOBINGREN》,KEYITANSUOGUOJIA、MINZUHEGERENSHENFENZHIJIANDECHONGTU、WAJIEHEZHONGGOUDEKENENGXING。WENGDAJIDIANFULEGUOQUYOUXIFANGRENZHUDAODEHEXINZUQUN—BIANYUANZUQUN(core-peripheral)、ZHULIU—FEIZHULIUWENHUA(mainstream vs. non-mainstream)DEERYUANCHONGTUMOSHI,DANMUQIANGUONEIXUEZHEGUANYUWENHUASHENFENDEDIANFU、WAJIEHEZHONGGOUYIRANYOUQIJUXIANXING,YOUQISHIDUIYUZHIMINZHE(ZONGZHUGUO)ZAISHENFENJIANGOUHEWAJIEZHONGDEZUOYONG,YIJIZHIMINZHEGETI(ZONGZHUGUOGONGMIN)LUNWEIZHIMINSHENFENXISHENGPIN,SHEJISHENSHAO[4][5]。

                    《英国病人》小说版和电影版人物和情节设置基本一致,最大不同在于原着中大卫·卡拉瓦焦是汉娜的叔叔,电影中他仅仅是加拿大籍小偷,为英国情报部门工作。其次是基普,原着中他回印度行医,回归了锡克族生活模式,思念但拒绝联系汉娜,电影中基普被派驻佛罗伦萨继续扫雷。这样的安排似乎强化了翁达吉反对狭隘的民族主义,寻找民族和解共存的可能,因此本论文着眼于分析电影版本,将小说原着作为背景参照。
                   

                  《英国病人》小说中国族身份的冲突与瓦解
                   

                    二、后殖民主义理论

                    YUHOUXIANDAIZHUYI(post-modernism)XIAOJIEZHONGXIN、XIAOJIEQUANWEI、CHANGDAODUOYUANHUADECHAOLIUHUYING,HOUZHIMINZHUYI(post-colonialism)YIYISHIXINGTAIXINGHEWENHUAZHENGZHIPIPINGXINGJIESHILEZONGZHUGUOYUZHIMINDIZHIJIANDEWENHUAYUQUANLIGUANXI、DONGFANGZHUYI、QUANQIUHUAYUBENTUHUACHONGTU、NEIBUZHIMINDENGXINWENTI。HOUZHIMINZHUYIDEZHUYAOLILUNYUANLIULAIZIGELANXIDEWENHUABAQUANZHUYI(cultural hegemony),AIDEHUA·SAIYIDE(Edward Said)DEDONGFANGXUE(orientalism),JIAYATELI·SIPIWAKE(Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak)DESHUXIA(DICENG,subaltern)WENHUASHENFENSHUXIE、LISHIJIYIYUDIGUOZHUYIWENHUABAQUANDEDIKANG,HUOMI·BABA(Homi K. Bhabha)TAZHEXINGXIANG、WENHUASHENFENDEMOHUXINGYIJIZAROUXING[6]。HUOMI·BABATUIDONGLEQUANQIUHOUZHIMINHUAYUPIPAN、WENHUARENTONG、DISANSHIJIEPIPING、FANYILILUN、ZUQUNYANJIUDENGZHUDUOQIANYANWENTIDETANSUO。

                    YUSAIYIDEHESIPIWAKEBUTONG,HUOMI·BABADEHOUZHIMINPIPINGCELVEJIEZHUYU“MOFANGXING(mimesis)”“MOSIXING(mimicry)” “ZAROUXING(hybridization)”“MOLENGLIANGKE”(ambivalence)HE“DISANKONGJIAN(Third Space)”XUERUOZHIMINZHEDEHUAYUBAQUAN,DANYOUCHENGXIANCHU“BIANLUNXINGDEERFEIDUIKANGXINGDE”JIEGOU。LIRU, 《WENHUADEDINGWEI》ZHONGDE《MOSIYUREN》(Of Mimicry and Man: The Ambivalence of Colonial Discourse)YOUQIXIZHIDIFENXILE“MOSI”DEHUAYURUHEWEIRAOMAODUNJIANGOUQILAI,XINGCHENGSHUANGXIANGHUDONGDECHONGTUDIKANG[7]。

                    “MOFANG”SHIZAITONGYUANWENHUAXITONGNEI,MOFANGZHEDUIBEIMOFANGZHEZHONGSHIDEFUZHI。LIRU,SHIHEIYIXIONGDE《ZHANGRILIUHEN》ZHONG,GUANJIASIDIWENSIDUIZHURENDALINDUNXUNJUEWULUNCONGYANYUXINGWEIDAOJIAZHIGUANDOUJUEDUIZHAOBAN,BINGYIZIJISANSHIWUNIANFANGQIZIWO、JUEDUIXIAOZHONGWEIJIAOAO[8]。“MOSI”DEMUDEZAIYUCHANSHENGMOSIZHE(BEIZHIMINZHE)DUIBEIMOSIZHE(ZHIMINZHE)ZHIJIANXIANGSIYOUHANHUN、XIANGHUSHENTOUDEMAODUNZHUANGTAI,HANYOUWEIJU、JINGYANG、MOFANG、ZHIYI、CHAONONG、BIANXINGDEGEZHONGYINSU,ZUIZHONGDADAOWAJIEZHIMINQUANWEIDEWENDINGXING。E.M.FUSITEDE《TONGWANGYINDUZHILU》ZHONG,AQIZIYISHENGDUIYUYINGJIXIAOZHANGFEIERDING、YINGGUORENLUONI·XISILUOPUJIQIMUQINCHENGXIANLEJIQIFUZADEWENHUAXINLI[9]。“ZAROUXING”“MOLENGLIANGKE”HE“DISANKONGJIAN”MIAOSHULEBUTONGGUOJIA、ZHONGZU、GETIZAIYISHIXINGTAI、WENHUAHEYUYANXIANGHUHUNHEDEGUOCHENG,YESHIZHIMINDIJUMINDUIZHIMINZHEZONGZHUWENHUADEZHIYI、DIANFUDEYIZHONGCELVE,YONGMOFANGDUIZHIMINHUAYUDEQUANLICHANSHENGXIAOJIEZUOYONG:“ZHIMINHUAYUDEMUDE,JIUSHIYAOBABEIZHIMINZHEFENXIWEIZAIZHONGZUGENYUANSHANGSHITUIHUADEZHONGQUN,… BEIZHIMINZHELUNWEILE ‘TAZHE’;…BEIZHIMINZHUTICONGLAIDOUBUSHIJIANDANDI、WANQUANDIYUZHIMINZHEXIANGDUI。FANER,GONGMOUHEDIKANGGONGCUNYUZHIMINZHUTINEIYIZHONGYAOBAIBUDINGDEGUANXIZHONG。”[10]LIRU,HUANGZHELUNDE《HUDIEJUN》YONGNANXINGYANYUANSONGLILINGHEFAGUOQINGBAORENYUANRENEI·JIALIMAERDEAIQINGDIANFULEPUQINI《HUDIEFUREN》DEXIFANGZHIMINHUAYU[11]。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,HUOMI·BABARENWEIHOUZHIMINSIXIANGDUIBEIZHIMINZHEDERUQINSHIMANZHANG、JIANJINHEWUYISHIDE,BEIZHIMINZHEDE“WENHUAZAHE”(cultural hybrid)CONGKAISHIDEBEIDONGJIESHOUKENENGYANBIANCHENGZHUDONGJIESHOU,CONGYOUYAPOGANDEJIERUDAOZIWOSHIYINGGANJIERU,YINWEIZHIMINHUAYUZHONGZAOYOUCHENGUI(stereotype)HEGUDINGXING(fixty),YIJINGXINGCHENGYIGEWANZHENGDEZHIMINHUAYUTIXI(colonial discourse)[12][13]。ZHIMINDIWENHUAZHONGDE“JINGYINGFENZI”WANGWANGCHENGWEI“SHUXIDEMOSHENGREN”HE“LIANGQIREN”,DUIZONGZHUGUOWENHUAJIZIJUEWEIHU、ZHUDONGYIFU,YOUJILIEDICHU[14]。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIDONGXIFANGWENHUAJIAOLIUYUPENGZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONG,HOUZHIMINXUEZHEHEZUOJIAYOUYIWUYIZHONGCHONGDANG“XIESHANGZHE(negotiator)”DEJIAOSE,XUNZHAOSUOWEIDE“DISANKONGJIAN”,MIANXIANGWEILAIJIANGOUDUOZHONGFUHEDEWENHUASHENFEN[4]。《YINGGUOBINGREN》YOUGUANGUOJIA、MINZUHEGERENSHENFENDEMAODUNXUSHIZHESHECHUDISANSHIJIELIUSANZUOJIATEYOUDE“MONI”SIWEIFANGSHI。DANSHI,CHAOYUEXIAAIMINZUZHUYIDEDIYIYAOYISHIBICIDEZUNZHONGERFEIXIAOJIE,ZAIHOUXIANDAIHEHOUZHIMINYUJINGZHONG,CHAOYUEMINZUZHUYIDEMENGXIANGYUDAOKUNJING,MEIYIGEZONGZHUGUOJIQIYOUBANGZHIJIAN、ZONGZHUGUOHEZHIMINDIZHIJIANDOUCUNZAIFUZADEWENHUABEIJING。KAISELINHEAIMASHUDE“SIWANGXUANYAN”HUODELEFUHAOHUADEWENHUAYINYU:“YINGFENGERLI,…DAODAYIGEMEIYOUDITU,MEIYOUGUOJIE,BUYIQIANGZHEMINGZIMINGMINGDEGUODU”。SEFUKEJUESHIHE“YINGGUOBINGREN”DESIZECHEDIDIXUANBUYINGGUOZHIMINTONGZHIJIANGZUIZHONGJIETI。BICIXIAOJIEHEZAROUDEDONGTAICHONGTUBIRANDAOZHICHAOYUEMINZUZHUYIDEYUQIUYOUQITIANRANDE“WUGENXING”HE“XUHUANXING”[15]。

                    三、国族身份的冲突与瓦解

                    《YINGGUOBINGREN》DEYUANZHEHEDIANYINGDOUCAIYONGLEYIXIEHOUXIANDAIXUSHIJIQIAO,HUIYIYUXIANSHISHIKONGJIAOCUO,AIQINGZHUTIHEZHANZHENGZHONGDEGUOZUSHENFENZHUTIJIAOCHAZHANKAI。WEILEBIANYUFENXI,YOUBIYAODUIQINGJIESHUNXUJINXINGSHULI,ZHANSHIGUSHIFASHENGDESHIJIANMAILUO(BIAO1)。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   BIAO1 《YINGGUOBINGREN》DEZHUYAOSHIJIANJIEDIANHEGUSHIQINGJIE


                  时间 主要事件
                  1931—1935年 英国皇家地理协会、国际沙漠俱乐部考古、勘测非沙漠,寻找泽祖拉绿洲。
                  1936年 克利夫顿夫妇加入沙漠俱乐部,航拍埃及和利比亚沙漠。杰弗里和卡拉瓦焦一起在托布鲁克工作(纸婚棉婚之争)。
                  1939年3月 英国命令停止科考,资料在5月前送走;马铎将飞机和地图掩埋在利比亚库夫勒,前往托布鲁克。
                  1939年8月 杰弗里撞机死亡,凯瑟琳受重伤。艾玛殊前往厄塔吉英军驻地求助,被拘捕,在遣送到利比亚班加西的途中逃脱。
                  1941年5月 瑟福克爵士、司机弗雷德·哈茨、秘书莫登小姐被炸死。基普绘制拆弹图纪念。
                  1942年6月 德军攻陷托布鲁克,马铎安排卡拉瓦焦留守,遭德军刑讯,切掉手指。
                  1942年8月 艾玛殊离开埃及的基尔夫·克尔比尔,挖出马铎掩埋在利比亚库夫勒的飞机,飞往泳者洞穴,返程中飞机被德军击落。艾玛殊被贝都因人搭救,送往埃及西部边境锡瓦绿洲的盟军医院,在比萨停留一阵,辗转到达意大利佛罗伦萨。
                  1944年10月 艾玛殊在佛罗伦萨北部被英军审问,贴上“英国病人”标签;野战医院开往莱亨;汉娜、艾玛殊、卡拉瓦焦和基普聚集在圣吉洛拉莫修道院。
                  1945年8月 (小说)美军投下原子弹,基普痛恨“白人”,回国行医,思念但不联系汉娜。(电影)基普阐述优秀的“英国人”;三人从佛罗伦萨各奔前程。

                   

                    1942NIAN8YUEAIMASHULIKAIAIJIDEJIERFU·KEERBIER,WACHUMADUOYANMAIZAILIBIYAKUFULEDEFEIJI,FEIWANGYONGZHEDONGXUE,FANCHENGZHONGFEIJIBEIDEJUNJILUO。AIMASHUBEIBEIDOUYINRENDAJIU,SONGWANGAIJIXIBUBIANJINGXIWALVZHOUDEMENGJUNYIYUAN,ZAIBISATINGLIUYIZHEN,ZHANZHUANDAODAYIDALIFOLUOLUNSA。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   1944NIAN10YUEAIMASHUZAIFOLUOLUNSABEIBUBEIYINGJUNSHENWEN,TIESHANG“YINGGUOBINGREN”BIAOQIAN;YEZHANYIYUANKAIWANGLAIHENG;HANNA、AIMASHU、KALAWAJIAOHEJIPUJUJIZAISHENGJILUOLAMOXIUDAOYUAN。

                    1945NIAN8YUE(XIAOSHUO)MEIJUNTOUXIAYUANZIDAN,JIPUTONGHEN“BAIREN”,HUIGUOXINGYI,SINIANDANBULIANXIHANNA。(DIANYING)JIPUCHANSHUYOUXIUDE“YINGGUOREN”;SANRENCONGFOLUOLUNSAGEBENQIANCHENG。

                    YIERZHANQIANDAYINGDIGUODEGUOJIYINGXIANGLI,JIHUCHENGWEI“OUZHOUBAIREN”DEDAIYANREN。MADUOZAIJIESHAOGUOJISHAMOJULEBUCHENGYUANSHI,POWEIDEYIYUCHENGYUANDEGUOJIXING,SIHUTIDAOGUOJIDOUSHIYIJIANBUXIEDESHIQING:YINGGUOREN、DEGUOREN、XIONGYALIRENHEAIJIDANGDIREN,HUODONGFANWEIHENGKUAAIJI、LIBIYA、NANZHIAISAIEBIYA。SHISHISHI,DAYINGDIGUODUIBEIFEIGUOJIADEKAOGUCEHUIBENSHENJIUSHIWEIYINGGUODEQUANQIUZHIMINTONGZHIFUWU,SHIDUIZHEIXIEGUOJIADELINGTUHEWENHUAQINLVE,RUMADUOXUANCHENGDE,“SHEIYONGYOUSHAMO,SHEIJIUYONGYOUBEIFEI”。《YINGGUOBINGREN》ZHONGMEIYIGERENDOUSHENSHOUSHENFENDEKUNRAO,TAMENDEBEIJUYEYUANZITAMENDEGUOJIAHEMINZUSHENFEN。ZHIMINDIRENMIN(AIJIHELIBIYA)BENSHENYIJINGBEI“JITISHISHENG”:KAOGUXUEJIADante D’AgostinoHE Diggy Bermann、AIJIXUEJIASharif Al Fouad (Al Auf)ZAIZHENGGEGUSHIZHONGJIUSHIYIGE“HUODONGDAOJU”,WEIMADUODEZHIMINKAOCHAFUWU。ZHIMINZHEJIEFULI·KELIFUDUNHEBIDE·MADUOZHISIYUANZIGUOJIALIYIHEGERENSHENFENDECHONGTU。HANNAHEKALAWAJIAOZUOWEIYINGLIANBANG“DIERSHIJIE”DAIBIAO,BUDUANZHIYIZIJIWEISUOWEIDE“ZUGUO”XISHENGDELUOJILIXING。AIMASHUHEJIPULUNWEISHENFENAIMEIDE“GUOJISISHENGZI(international bastards)”。

                    1.艾玛殊

                  棋牌大全下载安装   GUOJIA、MINZUHEWENHUASHENFENSHILUOZAIYIGERENSHENSHANGDEYINJI,WULUNRUHEDOUBAITUOBUDIAO。YOUYUYIZHANHEERZHANDELISHIYUANYIN,XIONGYALIDEGUOJIDIWEIHEGUOJIASHENFENDOUSHOUDAOYANZHONGSHANGHAI,BEIPOXUANZELEZUODEGUODEMENGYOU。ZAI“ZHOUXINGUO vs. TONGMENGGUO”DEERYUANCHONGTUBEIJINGXIA,XIONGYALIGONGMINLASILUO·DE·AIMASHUBOJUE(Count László de Almásy ) JIELIFOURENZIJIDEGUOJIAMINZUSHENFEN,QUEYOUBUDUANBEIZHIXUN(ZHENGJIAN、XINGMING、JUNXIAN、JUNJIBIANHAO)。GENJUHUOMI·BABADEMINZUDIANXINGXING“CHENGUI”(stereotype)HEGUDINGXINGTEZHENG(fixty),AIMASHUDESHENFENBIAOQIANSHIYIGESHUANGXIANGDINGYI:“ZIWOFUYU(HUANGJIADILIXIEHUIHUIYUANHEHUANGJIASHAMOJULEBUCHENGYUAN)”HE“BEIFUYU(DEGUOLAOHEYINGGUOBINGREN)”。

                    1)Fritz? …Well, that is your name isn’t it? Count fucking asshole von Bismarck! What is that supposed to be then? Irish?

                    AIMASHUSUISHENXIEDAIXILUODUODEDE《LISHI》,XINGCHENGLEHEDANGJINSHEHUIDEHUYINGGUANXI,LISHIZHENGSHIQIANBAINIANLAIGUOJIA、MINZUDEFANFUCHONGTUHEDINGYI。ZAISHAMOJULEBUZUIHOUYICIJUHUISHANG,AIMASHUFENERZHIYIKEKAODUI“GUOJIDAJIATING”DEXUWEIXING,YIJIYINGGUODUIAIJIJINXINGZHIMINTONGZHIDEHEFAXING,GUOZUSHENFENDEDAIBIAOZHEGUOJIAYUANSHOUSHI “ANGZANGWUHUIDEZIYAN”;

                    2)A toast to the International Sand Club!Misfits, buggers, fascists and fools. Dirty word, filthy word. His majesty,der Fuhrer, il Duce.

                  棋牌大全下载安装   BIXUKANDAODESHI,AIMASHUGUZILISHIYINGDIGUOZHIMINZHEYONGDUN,ZHIMINSIWEISHENTOUZAITADEGUZILI。ZAITONGHEN“XINGRONGCI”,JUJUEBEIDINGYIHEZHANYOUDETONGSHI,XUANCHENGZIJIZHANYOUKAISELINDE“JISHANGAOKOU(suprasternal notch)”,QINGQIU“GUOWANG”MINGMINGTAWEI“AIMASHUHAIXIA(Almásy Bosphorous)”。YINCI,AIMASHUDE“MIANMUQUANFEI”JIUSHIXIANGYINGGUOZHIMINZHEKAOLONGSHIBAI,MINZUSHENFENCHEDIWAJIEDEXIANGZHENG[16]。

                    2.基普

                    RUGUOSHUOAIMASHUDEGUOZUSHENFENCHONGTUSHIHEKAISELINDEHUNWAIQINGCAITUXIANDE,JIPUDUIYUGUOZUSHENFENDESHUANGZHONGJIAOLVSHIZHANGQIDE。YINDUGONGMINJIPAER·XINGE(Kirpal·Singh),ZAIYINGGUORENDECHAOXIAOZHONGCONG “XIANFEIYU”(Kipper)BIANCHENG“JIPU”(Kip)。TAYIDUIDAIFUQINYIYANGDEQIANCHENGJINGYANGXIAOFANGSEFUKEJUESHI,JIANJIANDIWANCHENGLEDUIYINGGUOBAIRENSHENFENDEZIJUEKAOLONGHE“MOSI”。DANSHIJIPUYOUZAIJIELIBAOCHIZIJIDEMINZUDUTEXING:XUZHANGFA,BAOTOUJIN(turban),ZHUZHANGPENG,CHISU。TASHENZHIJUJUEBEIRENCHENGWEI“Indian”,YIMIANBUNENGQUFEN“YINDUREN”HE“YINDUJIAOREN”。SHENFENBIAOJIDEYIZAIDIEJIASHITACHENGWEI “YINDUXIKEZUDEYINGJUNSAOLEIYUAN(an Indian Sikh British Army sapper)”。

                    TONGYANG,HEAIMASHUDEGETISHENFENCHONGTUBUTONG,JIPUSHIZONGZHUGUOHEZHIMINDICHONGTUDEDAIBIAOHECHENGZAIZHE。TADEGEGEYUYINGGUORENDUIZHEGAN,YINWEIJUFUBINGYIERZUOLAO,SIZAILAOLI:“YINGGUORENZHENGZAIJIAOSIZHENGQUDULIDEXIKEREN”、“YONGYUANBIEDUIOUZHOUSHUOBU。… HETONGDEZHIDINGZHE。DITUDEHUIZHIZHE。”AIMASHUHEJIPUZAIBUTONGCHENGDUSHANGSHIZANTONGYINGGUOZHIMINWENHUADE,BINGBAZIJIYEGUIZAIZHEIYIZUQUNLI。DANSHI,ZAIAIMASHUJINJINYOUWEIDIZHIDAOJIPUDUXILUODUODEHEJIPULINSHI,QUEFANXIANGCUJINLEJIPUDEMINZUJUEXING:“WULUNWODUDEDUOMAN,HAOXIANGDOUZAIANSHIYINDUZUIHAOYOUYINGGUORENLAITONGZHI。” [17]

                    JIEGUANGDAOZHANGQIDELIANGKEYUANZIDAN,WENGDAJIZAIYUANZHEZHONGYEJIESHILEGUOJIAMINZUDEFUZAXINGHEBADONGXIFANGWENHUAERYUANHUAFENDEJUXIANXING。JIPUXIONGDIWUSHI“MALAIXIYADEXIKEJIAOTUSHOUDAORIBENRENDENVEDAI”,BASHIJIEDINGYIWEILIANGGEZUQUN:“OUZHOUBAIRENHEYAZHOUHUANGZHONGREN”“OUMEIHEYAZHOU”“DONGFANGRENHEXIFANGREN”:“DANGNIKAISHIXIANGZONGSERENZHONGDESHIJIETOUDANDESHIHOU,NIJIUSHIGEYINGGUOREN,NIMENCENGYOUBILISHIDELIAOBODEGUOWANG…ERXIANZAINIMENYOUMEIGUODEDULUMEN,NIMENQUANSHICONGYINGGUORENNEIERXUELAIDE”。

                    3.马铎和克里夫顿

                    MADUOHEKELIFUDUNSHIDAYINGDIGUODESHENFENDAIYANREN、ZHIMINTONGZHIDEGONGJUHEDIGUOLIYIWEIHUZHE,ZHEIDIANYIWANGDEWENXIANHENSHAOLUNJI。ZUOWEISIRENPENGYOU,MADUOZANSHANGAIMASHUDEXUESHIHEFENGXIANJINGSHEN,ZHENCHENGDIQUANZUAIMASHUBUYAOHEKAISELINFASHENGLIANQING,YEMINRUIDIYISHIDAO,ZHANZHENGLAILINSHIAIMASHUDEXIONGYALIJIUSHIJUDADEWEIXIE:“ZHEINIANTOUZHANYIDIANWAIGUOSECAIDERENJIUHUIBEIDANGCHENGJIANDIE。”DANSHI,MADUODEYINGGUOZHIMINZHESHENFENSHIXIANERYIJIANDE:(1)MADUOCONGLAIMEIYOUBAOLUZIJIDEJIANDIESHENFEN,TAHEKELIFUDUNYIJIKALAWAJIAODETONGSHIGUANXI(“HUANGJIADILIXIEHUIJIELITUIJIANTAMEN”“TAKEYICONGKONGZHONGKANCEDAOLU”)。(2)BEIFEIKEKAOFUWUYUYINGDIGUOZHIMINTONGZHIDEXUYAO:“SHEIYONGYOULESHAMO,SHEIJIUYONGYOULEBEIFEI。”“DITUSHUYUHUANGJIAZHUANYOU,BUSHISHENMEZHANGSANLISIDOUKEYIKANDE。”(3)MADUOBAFEIJIHEDITUYANMAIZAILIBIYADEKUFULE(Kuffler Osis),BINGBUSHIWEILEZHANHOUHUIFUKEKAOGONGZUO,ERSHICHUYUJIANDIEGONGZUOXUYAO。(4)MADUOANPAIKALAWAJIAOLIUSHOU,DAOZHILEHOUZHEDEBEIBUHEXINGXUN,ERBUJINJINSHI“WUYIJIANBEIPAIZHAO”。AIMASHUSHIZHONGGANNIANTADEYOUSHANHEWENHE,“ZHEISHINANRENZHIJIANDEDUIHUA(man to man chat)”,QUECONGWEIHUAIYIGUOMADUOYIJIKELIFUDUNDEKEXUEJIASHENFEN。YINCIZAIMOUZHONGYIYISHANG,AIMASHUQINGLVDIYONGDITUHEDEGUORENJIAOYI,YESHIMADUOYIZHIZAILIYONGAIMASHUDEDANCHUNDAILAIDEHOUGUO。MADUOBEIFUZHEZHEIXIEGUOJIAJIMIHESHIMING,ZAIDEZHIKAILUOSHIXIANHOU,ZHINENGMOMODIYISIXIEZUI(“DEGUOLAONADAOLEWOMENDEDITU,LONGMEIERZHANGQUZHIRUKAILUO”)。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   TONGYANG,JIEFULI·KELIFUDUNSHIGONGMINSHENFENHEGETISHENFENCHONGTUDESHOUHAIZHE。JIEFULIDERENWUSHIDUIZHENGGEFEIZHOUJINXINGDAZONGSHENHANGPAICEHUI,WEICI,TAZHIHAOYONGYIGEYOUYIGEHUANGYANLAIYANGAIZIJIDEJIANDIESHENFEN(“XIAOXIONGLUBO”,DENGDENG)。BIAOMIANSHANGTAHUIKAILUOCHOUJIXIAYIBUKEKAOZIJIN,SHIJISHANGSHIQULIBIYAHANGPAI,QUTUBULUKEHUIBAOGONGZUO:

                    3)Portrait. The Brigadier, the Brigadier’s wife,Brigadier’s dog. Brigadier by the pyramids. Brigadier breathing.

                    ZAITUBULUKE,CONGKELIFUDUNXUNWENKALAWAJIAOXINHUNDIYINIANWEIMIANHUNHAISHIZHIHUN,KEYIKANCHUTAMENGUANXISHUREN,ZHANGQIGONGSHIYUYINGGUOQINGBAOBUMEN。KELIFUDUNSHISHIBUWANGBIAOSHUZIJI“PALAOPO(Uxoriousness)”,DANTAGENGZIJUEDIFUCONGGUOJIALIYIDEZHAOHUAN。KAISELINZUITONGHEN“QIPIAN”,WURENWEIZIJIJINJINSHIGUOJIAZHIMINLIYIDEGONGJUHUA(instrumentalization),ERZHANGFUDEYIQIE,CHULEHUNYIN,DOUSHI“HUANGYAN(fiction)”。KELIFUDUNWEIGUOJINZEDESHIMINGGANYANGAILETADUIYUKAISELINDEZHENAIBIAODA,SHITABUXIYIZHUANGJIDEFANGSHIXUNQIUSANRENTONGGUIYUJINDEBEIJU。

                    4.卡拉瓦焦和汉娜

                    KALAWAJIAOHEHANNAZUOWEIJIANADAJIDEYINGGUOJUNREN,BAOSHOUZHANZHENGCHUANGSHANG,DANTAMENSIHUCONGBUHUAIYIZIJIDECANZHANDONGJI,YINWEITAMENTIANRANDIRENTONGLEYINGGUOWEIZIJIDE“ZUGUO”。KALAWAJIAOZUOWEIXIAOTOUHEQINGBAORENYUANWEIMENGJUNFUWU,BEIDEGUORENXINGXUN,QIEDIAOMUZHI。HANNADESHANGXINLAIZIJIANXINZIJISHI“BEIZUZHOUDE”MINGYUN。TAMENERRENHEYINGGUORENZHIJIANGOUCHENGLEHUOMI·BABADEZHIMINDINEIBU“MOFANG(mimesis)”。

                    四、族群身份的重构

                  棋牌大全下载安装   ZUOWEILIUSANZUQUNDEWENHUADAIBIAO,ZUOJIAWENGDAJIHEDAOYANMINGGELABINGBUYIWEIGULIDOUZHENGHECHONGTU,TAMENYEYIZHIZAIXUNZHAOWENHUAZHIJIANGONGCUNDEJICHUHEKENENGXING,YIJIHUOMI·BABAQIANGDIAODEWENHUAZAROU(hybridity)。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   AIMASHUBEISUZAOCHENGLIXIANGDE“ZHONGXINGUONANXING”,DIANXINGDE“YINGGUOBAIREN”:XUESHIYUANBO、SIXIANGSHENCHEN、LANGMANDUOQING。JINENGZUOKUZAOSHENAODEWENHUAZHUANYEYANJIU(XILUODUODE、JIPULINHE“YONGZHESHANDONG”),YOUYOUMOFENGQU,SHURENTONGSUWENHUA(“GAOMAOZILETUAN”)。HANNACHANGSHIDANZOUBAHEDEGEDEBAOBIANZOUQU (BWV988),JIPUQUEZHAODAOLEDEGUORENZAIGANGQINXIAYINZANGDEZHADAN。JIPUKANDAOLEWENHUADEFUZAXING,ZAIZHIYIYINGGUOZHIMINTONGZHIDETONGSHIBIAOSHILEDUI“YINGGUOBAIREN”ZHENZHIDEJINGYANG:

                    4)Yesterday,I was thinking. The patient and Hardy. That’s good about England. … He even didn’t ask me if I could spin the ball at cricket or kamasutra, or…

                    JIANADADEHANNAHEKALAWAJIAO、YINDUDEJIPUXIAOCHULEBICIDEGEHE,ZANSHIWANGJILEZHANZHENGDAILAIDECHUANGSHANG,TAIZHEXIONGYALIDEAIMASHUZAIYUZHONGKUAIHUODIXINAO。JIPUHEHANNAZAIYIDALIXIANGJIANJIAOTANGKANBIHUADECHANGJINGSUANSHI《YINGGUOBINGREN》ZHONGZUILANGMAN、MIREN、WENNUANDECHANGJING,YESHIDUIWENHUASHENFENHEJIEJIESHOUDEBIAOJI。AIMASHUZAIHANNAHEKAISELINSHENGYINHEERWEIYIDELANGDUSHENGZHONGANRANSIQU;JIPUJIXUSAOLEI,WEIDESHIGUANGYIDEHEPING;HANNAGUIDUI;KALAWAJIAOFANGXIALESUOYOUDEENYUAN,FANGQILECISHAAIMASHU,KAISHIXUNQIUYIZHONGXINDECUNZAIFANGSHI。YIDAYINGDIGUOWEIDAIBIAODE“BAIREN”ZHIMINTONGZHISHIDAIZHONGJIELE,FOLUOLUNSACHENGWEIXINSHIDAIKAIQIDEXIANGZHENG。

                    XIAOSHUOJIEWEIANPAILEYIGEYIWEISHENZHANGDEWENHUAYUYAN:ZHANHOUHUIGUOXINGYIDEJIPUJUJUELIANXIHANNA,DANTAYIRANBUDUANHUIYIQITAMENGONGCHUDESHIGUANG。HANNAPENGLUOBEIZIDECHANEI,JIPUSHENSHOUJIEZHULENVERDESHAOZI。CANZHAODIANYINGZHONGHANNAHEJIPUDELINBIEZENGYAN,“WOMENSHUOBUDINGNENGPENGSHANGNI”,SHUOMINGZONGZHUGUOHEZHIMINDIYI“MOHUHEZAROU”DEXINGTAIGONGCHU。ZHANQIANDEZONGZHUGUO—ZHIMINDIGUOJIAGUANXIWAJIELE,ZHIMINDIRENMINKAISHIXUNQIUZIJIDEDULIGUOJIASHENFENHEGETISHENFEN,BUTONGGUOJIA、MINZUWENMINGDULIERYOUBICIHUYING。

                    五、结 语

                    ERZHANHOUJIANADAZHENGFUJIJITUIXING“DUOYUANWENHUA”ZHENGCE、HUANHEGEYIMINMINZUZHIJIANDEMAODUN、ZHICHIGEZUYIQUNTIFAZHANZIJIDEMINZUWENHUA,JIANADAZUOJIAMAIKEER·WENGDAJIEDEXIAOSHUO《YINGGUOBINGREN》HUYINGLEZHEIGEDADELISHIBEIJING。HUOMI·BABADEHOUZHIMINZHUYILILUN,CONGBIANYUANWENHUALICHANGCHUFA,JIESHILEBEIYAZHIDE、FEIZHULIUDE“RUOSHIWENHUA”,WANQUANKEYIDUIZHANZHUDAODIWEIDEZHIMINWENHUAJINXINGCHONGTU、WAJIEHEZHONGGOU。ZAIWENHUASHENFENZHONGGOUGUOCHENGZHONG,HUOMIBABARENWEIDIERSHIJIEHEDISANSHIJIEZHISHIFENZICHUZAIYIZHONGNANYIBAITUODELIANGNANJINGDI:DUIYUBAIRENWENHUADEMOSIHEJIJIKAOLONG,DUIYUZIJIDETONGBAOYOUYIZHONGNANYIYIZHIDEWENHUAYOUYUEGAN,DANSHIZISHENDEZHIMINDIWENHUASHENFENYOUYUBAIRENZHULIUJIAZHIGEGEBURU[18]。《YINGGUOBINGREN》DEWENHUAYIYIZAIYU,ZHIMINZHEZISHENYEYUNHANLEBUTONGSHENFENZHIJIANDECHONGTU,AIMASHUHEMADUOZHISIJIUSHIDUIYUMINZUZHUYI、ZHIMINZHUYIHEGERENJIAZHIDEJIEWEN、TIAOZHAN。HANNAHEJIPUXIANGYUE“ZHONGFENGYUJIAOTANG”,YUNHANDEJINJINSHIYIZHONGWENHUADEDULI “ZAROU”,ERBUSHI“RONGHE”,GENGBUKENENGSHICIXIAOBIZHANGDE“TIDAI”。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   DANSHI,BIXUZHUYIDAO,HUOMIBABADEHOUZHIMINLILUNZHONGDUIYUZONGZHUGUOZHIMINZHEDEXINGWEIYANJIUSHANGWEISHEJI。JIAZHIGUANHEXINGWEICHAYIXINGJIANGTAMENHUAFENWEIBUTONGDEQUNTILEIXING:ZHIMINTONGZHIDEWEIHUZHE(《YINGGUOBINGREN》ZHONGDEMADUO、KELIFUDUN)、GAILIANGZHEHEBEIZHIMINZHEDE“ZHENGJIUZHE”(《YINDUZHILU》DEXIAOZHANGFEIERDING,《GUASHA》DEXUDATONGDEMEIGUOLAOBANYUEHAN·KUILAN,《ZHANGRILIUHEN》DEXINZHUANGYUANZHUMEIGUORENFALADAI)、ZIFANPOHUAIZHE(《GUOJIANGCAIFENGSHIBINGJIANDIE》DE“YANSHU”,JI,DAIHAO“CAIFENG”DEBIER·HAIDUN)。TAMENDEMINGYUNYEYINCIERBUTONG:WEIGUOXISHENGZHE(ZIJUEHUOBEIDONGDEXISHENGPIN)、BEIYANGMUZHE(TAMENDEGUANDIANBEIDANGJUZHEHEMINZHONGJIENAERSHOUDAOZUNZHONG)、BEICHENGJIEHEQUZHUZHE。CIWAI,ZHIMINZHEYUBEIZHIMINZHEDEGUANXI,YEJUEFEI“MOSI”“ZAROU”“DISANKONGJIAN”NENGGOUWANQUANHANGAI。ERZHANQIJIANDONGNANYAGUOJIAYUYUANZONGZHUGUOHERIBENDEGUANXIZHENGMING,BEIZHIMINZHEWANGWANGBUNENGYONG“QUHUZHULANG”QIUDEZIWOJIEFANGDEMUDE,FANERSHI“YINLANGQUHU”,XIANRUXINYILUNDEZHIMINHUA(《XIANDAIQISHILU》)。BULUNSHIHUOMIBABADEHOUZHIMINLILUNHAISHIHOUZHIMINWENHUAXIANXIANG,DOUZHIDEJIXUSHENRUYANJIU。

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                    [4] 潘守文.论《英国病人》中民族身份的后殖民叙事[J].长春大学学报,2013 (3):308-309.
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                    [7] 王宁.后殖民主义理论批判——兼论中国文化的“非殖民化”[J].文艺研究,1997(3):3-13.
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                    [9] 崔少元.文化冲突与文化融通 ——《印度之行》:一个后殖民主义读本[J].英美文学研究论丛,2001:43-52.
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