棋牌大全下载安装

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                  • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 半个世纪以来国外罗斯的研究进展

                    半个世纪以来国外罗斯的研究进展

                    时间:2018-12-09 10:33作者:信慧敏
                    本文导读:这是一篇关于半个世纪以来国外罗斯的研究进展的文章,本文从身份问题、与文学传统的关系、幽默和讽刺的艺术、创作和叙事手法等四个方面入手,历史地评述半个世纪以来的国外罗斯研究,试图勾勒罗斯评论的全貌,并展望国内外罗斯研究的新趋势。

                      摘    要: 棋牌大全下载安装菲利普·罗斯是当代美国文坛最具影响力的作家之一,他的小说创作不仅题材多样,且创作形式复杂多变。罗斯在美国文坛经典地位的确立与其多年笔耕不辍的努力和精湛的创作技巧密不可分,同时也得益于评论界对他作品的持续关注、批评和肯定。半个世纪以来,罗斯研究者主要从形式和内容方面对其作品展开对话和论争。论文从身份问题、影响和比较研究、幽默和讽刺艺术以及创作和叙事手法等四个方面归纳和梳理英语世界的罗斯研究,现有的罗斯国外研究覆盖面广,早已突破单一的作品和主题研究,呈现出跨学科、多元化研究趋势。

                      关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 菲利普·罗斯; 国外研究; 综述;

                      Abstract:棋牌大全下载安装 Philip Roth is one of the most influential writers in contemporary American literary circle.His fiction have many different subjects and take various writing forms.Roth's canonical status in the US owes to not only his endless efforts in writing and his exquisite skills, but also the continuous interests, criticism and affirmation of the critics.During the past five decades, scholars have conducted researches from the aspects of form and contents of Roth's works.This paper summarizes and sorts out chronologically the Roth studies in the English-speaking countries from the perspectives of identity, influence and comparative studies, art of humor and satire and narrative techniques.The current Roth studies abroad cover a wide range of fields, and have gone far beyond researches on a single work or subject, presenting interdisciplinary and diversified research trends.

                      Keyword: Philip Roth; Roth studies abroad; literature review;

                      DANGDAIZHEMINGMEIGUOYOUTAIZUOJIAFEILIPU·LUOSI(Philp Milton Roth,1933—2018)ZHEZUODENGSHEN,ZAIYINGYUWENTANDEDIWEIBURONGXIAOQU。TAYUMALAMODE(Bernard Malamud)、BEILOU(Saul Bellow)BINGCHENGWEIMEIGUOYOUTAIWENTANDE“SANJIANKE”,TAYOUYUPINQIN(Thomas Pynchon)、DELILUO(DonDe Lillo)、MAIKAXI(Cormac McCarthy)YIQIBEIPINGLUNJIABULUMU(Harold Bloom)BINGLIEWEIDANGDAIMEIGUOZUIWEIDADEZUOJIA。2005NIAN,LUOSIDEZUOPINQUANJIBEISHOURU“MEIGUOWENKU”,SHITACHENGWEIYUNASANIER·HUOSANG、MAKE·TUWENDENGWENXUEDAJIABIJIANDEMEIGUOJINGDIANZUOJIA。QIJINWEIZHI,LUOSIYICHUBANLESANSHIYIBUZHEZUO,QIZHONGBAOKUOERSHIJIUBUXIAOSHUOHELIANGBUPINGLUNTANHUAJI。ZUOPINFENBIEZHANHUO“MEIGUOGUOJIATUSHUJIANG”(1960NIAN、1995NIAN)、“MEIGUOTUSHUPINGLUNJIANG”(1987NIAN、1992NIAN)、“GUOJIBIHUI/FUKENAJIANG”(1993NIAN、2001NIAN、2007NIAN)HE“PULICEJIANG”(1997NIAN)DENGZHONGYAOWENXUEDAJIANG。2011NIAN“GUOJIRENWENBUKEJIANG”PINGWEIHUIJIANGJIANGXIANGBANJILELUOSI,LIYOUSHI“TADEXIANGXIANGBUJINZHONGXINSUZAOLEWOMENGUANYUYOUTAISHENFENDEGUANNIAN,ERQIETAHAIRANGXIAOSHUOZHONGXINHUODEHUOLI,ZHEIBUJINSHUODESHIMEIGUOXIAOSHUO,ERSHIBAOKUOSUOYOUXIAOSHUO”[1]。

                      LUOSIZIFABIAODIYIBUZUOPINZHIJIN,YICONGYIGECHUCHUMAOLUDEYOUTAIZUOJIATUIBIANCHENGYIGEYANSUDEJINGDIANMEIGUOZUOJIA。ZAIZHEIGEJINGDIANHUADEGUOCHENGZHONG,LUOSIYANJIUZHEGONGBUKEMEI。GUOWAIYANJIULUOSIDECHENGGUOKEWEIHANNIUCHONGDONG,CONGMAIKEDANNIER(John N. McDaniel)1974NIANCHUBANDIYIBUPINGLUNJIZHIJIN,GONGYOUCHAOGUO40BENPINGLUNZHUANZHE,YUE20BUPINGLUNJIHEQIKANZHUANTIYANJIUWENSHI,BAIYUPIANSHUOSHI、BOSHILUNWEN(QIZHONGBOSHILUNWEN16PIAN)SHEJIDAOLUOSIDEZUOPIN,QIKANWENZHANGGENGSHIBUJIQISHU。CHANSHISHIJIAOJISHEJIXIAOSHUOZHONGDEYOUTAISHENFEN、CHUANGZUOZHUTIDENGNEIRONG,YEGUANZHUZUOZHECHUANTONGHEHOUXIANDAIHUNZADECHUANGZUOFENGGEHEXUSHIXIANGSHENGDECHUANGZUOSHOUFA。BENWENCONGSHENFENWENTI、YUWENXUECHUANTONGDEGUANXI、YOUMOHEFENGCIDEYISHU、CHUANGZUOHEXUSHISHOUFADENGSIGEFANGMIANRUSHOU,LISHIDIPINGSHUBANGESHIJIYILAIDEGUOWAILUOSIYANJIU,SHITUGOULELUOSIPINGLUNDEQUANMAO,BINGZHANWANGGUONEIWAILUOSIYANJIUDEXINQUSHI。

                      一、身份问题

                      身份是罗斯研究的一个重点,因为作者对身份问题的关注贯穿了他写作生涯的始终。罗斯作品中所表现出的身份问题也历经从犹太身份到美国身份直至关注个人身份的转变,这种转变也反映在不同时期的罗斯评论中。
                     

                    半个世纪以来国外罗斯的研究进展
                     

                      ZAOQIDELUOSIPINGLUNZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIDUITAYOUTAISHENFENZAIXIANHETAIDUDETAOLUNZHONG。SUIRANLUOSIBENRENDUIYU“YOUTAIMEIGUOZUOJIA”DECHENGWEIBUYIWEIRAN,DANSHIZUOWEIYOUTAIYIDEZUOJIA,TASHIZHONGMEIYOUBANFABAITUOZIJIYOUTAIDESHENFEN。CHULESHAOSHUZUOPINZHIWAI,LUOSIDEXIAOSHUODADUOYIYOUTAIRENWEIZHURENGONG,FANYINGYOUTAIRENDESHENGHUOJINGYU,YINCIYOUTAISHENFENHEYOUTAIXINGSHIZHONGSHIYANJIULUOSIXIAOSHUORAOBUKAIDEHUATI,PINGLUNJIAMENYECHANGJIANGLUOSIDEXIAOSHUOFANGZAIYOUTAICHUANTONGZHEIGEHONGGUANYUJINGLITAOLUN。YOUTAIXINGCHENGWEILUOSICHUANGZUOZHONGYIGEWUSUOBUZAIDEZHUTI,TASHI“WENTI、FUDAN、LILIANGDEYUANQUAN,TONGCHANGYESHICHAOFENGZHIYUAN。ZHEIZHONGCHAOFENGLAIZISHITUDUIYOUTAIXINGDEFOUREN、CHENGREN、SHENZHIXUANZE”[2]3。KUPO(Allan Cooper)DE《FEILIPU·LUOSIHEYOUTAIREN》(Philip Roth and the Jews)ZHONGDIANCONGJIATINGBEIJING、SHEHUI、LISHIDENGFANGMIANFENXILELUOSIDUTEYOUTAIGUANDECHENGYIN。KAIPULAN(Brett Kaplan)ZAI《YOUTAIJIAOLVHEFEILIPU·LUOSIXIAOSHUO》(Jewish Anxiety and the Novels of Philip Roth)ZHONGZHICHU,LUOSIDEZHUYAOXIAOSHUOZHANSHILETABIXIADEMEIGUOYOUTAIRENDANXINCHENGWEIXISHENGZHEHESHIHAIZHEDESHUANGZHONGYOUTAIJIAOLVHEKONGJU[3]。TABALUOSIXIAOSHUOFANGZAIYOUTAILISHIBEIJINGXIALAICHANSHI,SHUOMINGMEIGUOYOUTAIRENDESUOCHUKUNJING。YIFANGMIAN,YINWEINACUIDATUSHADEYUANGUYIZHIYOUYIZHONGYINWEIFANYOUZHUYIZAICILUNWEISHOUHAIZHEDEKONGJU;LINGYIFANGMIAN,BAYICHONGTUYOUSHIYOUTAIRENJUYOUCHENGWEISHIBAOZHEHEZHONGZUZHUYIZHEQINGXIANG。

                      ERZHANHOU,NACUIDATUSHAJIANJIANYUYOUTAISHENFENLIANXIQILAI,SHENZHICHENGWEIYOUTAISHENFENZUIZHONGYAODEBIAOSHIZHIYI。SUIRANLUOSIXIEZUOZHONGYOUGUANDATUSHADEZHIJIECHENGXIANBINGBUDUO,DANSHITAZUOPINRENGYUDATUSHAMIQIEXIANGGUAN,YINCIQIZHONGYOUGUANDATUSHADESHUXIERENGRANSHOUDAOYIXIEXUEZHEDEGUANZHU。ZAI《SIKAOFEILIPU·LUOSI》( Philip Roth Considered)YISHUZHONG,MILUOWEIZI(Steven Milowitz)JILISHUOMINGDATUSHADUIYULUOSIXIEZUODEZHONGYAOXING。ZAITAKANLAI,DATUSHASHIYIGE“YINGRAOXINTOUDEHEXINWENTI”[4]ix。MILUOWEIZIDE“JIZHONGYINGDESHIJIE”(the concentrationary universe)BUJINZHINACUIDEJIANJINHETUSHA,GENGSHIZHEIGESHIWUQIANLIDEZUIEDAILAIDESHEHUIBIANHUA,RURENMENDEBEIGUANJUEWANGHEXINYANGDEQUESHI[4]2。YIXIEPINGLUNJIAZHICHULUOSIHEQITAYIXIEZUOJIAZAICHENGXIANDATUSHAZHEIGESHISHIPENGDAOKUNNANDESHIHOU,XUANZEYIZHONGFEIZHIJIEDECHENGXIANFANGSHI,YICILAI“DUIQUESHIDETAZHECHENGDANZEREN”[5]。

                      ZAILUOSICHUANGZUODEZHONGQI,JIANGOUMEIGUOSHENFENDE“MEIGUOMENG”SHIXUEZHEMENZAITAOLUNTA“MEIGUOSANBUQU”SHIHUIBEITIJIDEHUATIZHIYI。BULUONEIER(David Brauner)RENWEI“MEIGUOSANBUQU”ZHONGDETIANYUANXUSHIHEFANTIANYUANXUSHIBUJINJINSHIXIAOSHUODEMOSHI,ERQIESHI“LIANGGEBUKEDIAOHEDESHIJIEGUAN”[6]149。TIANYUANDUILUOSILAISHUOSHIGE“FEILISHIDE、WUTUOBANGSHIDEMENGXIANGSHIJIE,RENMENYUZIRANHEXIEXIANGCHU”,ERZAIFANTIANYUANDESHIJIELI,GERENCHENFUYULISHIDELILIANG,ZHEIZHONGLILIANGRANGTAYUZIRAN、TAREN、ZIWOCHANSHENGCHONGTU。ZAIBULUONEIERKANLAI,ZHEILIANGZHEZHIJIANBUKEYUYUEDEHONGGOUJIANG“MEIGUOSANBUQU”ZHONGDEJIWEIZHURENGONGSILIE。TAHAIRENSHIDAOXIAOSHUOZHONG“MEIGUOZIWOSUZAODEGERENYUCHENGGONGTONGHUAJINRUMEIGUOSHEHUIDEYIMINMENG”YU“MEIGUOSHEHUILIUDONGDEJUXIANXINGHECHAOYUESHEHUIHUANJINGDEBUKENENGXING”[6]151ZHIJIANDEBEILUN。

                      21SHIJIYILAI,LUOSIDUIZIWODEGUANZHUKAISHIBIANDEYUFAXIANZHE,TASHITUCHAOYUEQIZHONGZUHEGUOJIASHENFEN,TANSUOSHENGLAOBINGSIDENGYUGETISHENFENLIANXIJINMIDEWENTI。XIAOSITAKE(Debra Shostak)KANDAODESHILUOSIBUTONGWENBENJIANDEDUIHUAJIESHICHULAIDEDUOZHONGZIWOHE“SHENFENDELUNLI、RENSHILUNHEZHUTIDEWEIDU”[7]4。XIAOSITAKERENWEI,LUOSIHOUQIXIAOSHUOCAIYONGDESHIDUIHUADEXINGSHI,“ZHEIXIEZUOPINZUOWEIFANWENBENYIHUXIANGQIFADEFANGSHIJINXINGDUIHUA,ANZHAOTAIDU、XINYANG、GEXING、WENLEIHUOYUQIDENGDUILIHUOYIZHIDEZAIXIANGOUXIANG,CONGYIZHONGZAIXIANZIWODEFANGSHIYUHUIDAOLINGYIZHONGFANGSHI[7]3”。WUDUYOUOU,YALUN(Victoria Aarons)YEKANDAOLELUOSIXIAOSHUOLIRENWUDEFENLIEZIWO,YIJIZHEIXIECHUZAIJIAOLVZHUANGTAIRENWU“JIANGOUDEFANSHENGHUOHEFANZIWO”[8]。

                      二、幽默和讽刺的艺术

                    棋牌大全下载安装   YOUMO、FENGCIDEYISHUSHIYOUTAIWENXUEDEYIDAZHUTI,YESHILUOSIYANJIUZHEDEZHUYAOGUANZHUDIANZHIYI。LUOSIZAIJIESHOUOUCICAIFANGSHISHUODAO:“SHIZUDEYOUXIXINGHEJIDUDEYANSUXINGSHIWOZUIQINMIDEPENGYOU”[9]98。ZAIYIWANGDEYANJIUZHONG,XUEZHEHUALEZHUDUOBIMOLAITANTAOLUOSIXIAOSHUODEXIJU、YOUMO、FENGCIDENGYOUXIXING,YEYOUYIXIEXUEZHETAOLUNLUOSIXIJUBEIHOUYANSUDEDAODESIKAO。PINSIKE(Sanford Pinsker)ZAOZAI1975NIANDEPINGLUNZHUANZHELI,JIUYIZHUYIDAO“LUOSIXIAOSHUOZHONGKEBOCHAOFENGDEGONGGONGWEIDUHEZIWOBIANYIDESIRENWEIDUZHIJIANDEJIAORONG”[10]。ZAIQIONGSI(Judith Paterson Jones)HENANSI(Guinevera A. Nance)HEZHEDE《FEILIPU·LUOSI》(Philip Roth)YISHUZHONG,TAMENZHUYIDAOLUOSIDEFENGCIJIESHICHU“MEIGUOSHEHUIDEFANCHANG”[11]129。AIZE(ShirleyAzen)JIANGXILAWENXUEHEYOUTAIWENXUEYUNYONGDEYOUMOYUANSUJINXINGBIJIAO。SITELAIPU(KatharineStreip)ZESHITUJIANLIPULUSITE、LISIHELUOSIZUOPINLIFENMENHEYOUMOZHIJIANDELIANXI。DANGLUOSIDEYOUMOBIANDEYUFACHAOXIANSHIHEKUNRAODESHIHOU,TACHAOYUERICHANGSHENGHUOERZHIZHIXIANDAILINGHUNDEYINMIHEHEIANCHU。

                    棋牌大全下载安装   SAFUER(Elaine B Safer)DE《JIFENGSHIDAI》(Mocking the Age)JUJIAOLUOSIDEHOUQIXIAOSHUO(CONG《GUIZUOJIA》DAO《FANMEIYINMOU》),ZHUISULUOSIXIJUFENGGEDELAIYUAN。TAJIANGLUOSIFANGZAIYOUTAIYOUMOCHUANTONGHE19SHIJIYOUTAIXIJUDEDABEIJINGXIA,YUQITADEHUAJIZUOJIABIJIAO,BINGJIANGHUAJIXIAOSHUOYUHOUXIANDAIYUANXIAOSHUO、ZICHUANTIXIAOSHUODENGXIAOSHUOWENLEIJINXINGQUFEN。SAFUERZHUYIDAO《MEIGUOMUGE》ZHIHOUXIAOSHUOXIJUDEJIDIAOBIANDEHUIAN,BINGQIEZHUJIANBEIHUANGDANHEBEIJUSECAISUOTIDAI。ZAISAFUERKANLAI,LUOSIDEXIJUSHIYUHOUXIANDAIDUIYUYANHESHENFENDEZHIYIZHEIGEDAYUJINGMIQIEXIANGGUANDE。DANSHISAFUERYOU“WEIXIJULUN”DEQINGXIANG,YOUTAISHENFENZAILUOSIHOUQIDEZUOPINLIBEIDANHUA,SHISHISHANGLUOSIZUIHOUYIBUXIAOSHUO《ZUIYOUYINGDE》LIDUZHEJIHUKANBUDAOZHEIZHONGYOUMODEYUANSU,ZAIWENBENFENXISHANGYOUXUEZUSHILVZHIXIAN。

                      SAIGEER(Ben Siegel)HEHALIOU(Jay L Halio)ZHUBIANDEPINGLUNJI《YOUXIHEYANSU:XIJUZUOJIALUOSI》(Playful and Serious: Philip Roth as a Comic Writer)JIUHANGAICONGLUOSIZAOQIZHIZHI2008CHUBANDE《FENNU》DEZHUYAOZUOPIN,SHIJIANKUADUJIAODA,TONGSHIYESHEJILEYOUMODEXUDUOXINGSHI。TAMENKANDAOLELUOSIXIJUXINGTAIDUONIANLAIDEBIANHUA,TAZAOQIZUOPINDE《BOTENUOYIDEBAOYUAN》XIANSHICHUFENNUERHUAJIDEXIJUFENGGE,ZHONGQIXIAOSHUO《RENXINGDEWUDIAN》JUYOUGENGJIASHENKEDEXIJUYUANSU,ERHOUQIDEXIAOSHUOZERONGBEIJUHEXIJUWEIYITI。HALIOUGENGJIANGLUOSIDEXUDUOXIAOSHUOGUANYI“JIDU(YANSU)DEHUAJIJU”。LUOSIZUOPINXIJUHEBEIJUDEJIAOZHI,JIASHANGZIWOBIANYIDEMOSHIZHENGSHIYOUTAIYOUMODEHEXIN。SIGAIKENA(Peter Scheckner)SHENZHIJIANG《SABASIJUYUAN》LIDESABASI(Mickey Sabbath)YUSHASHIBIYABIXIADEXIAOCHOUSHIRENWUFUSITAFU(Falstaff)XIANGTIBINGLUN。

                      三、创作和叙事手法

                      GUANYUWENXUEZHONGZHENSHIYUXUGOUGUANXIYIJILIANGZHEZHIJIANDEJIEXIANDELUNSHUYOULAIYIJIU,PINGLUNJIADUIYULUOSIXIAOSHUOZHONG“XIEZUOHEFEIBEISHUXIESHIJIEDEGUANXI”[12]ZHEIYIHUATIDETANTAOYECONGWEITINGZHI。ZAIZHANGDABANGESHIJIDECHUANGZUOZHONG,LUOSIDECHUANGZUOSHOUFADUOBIAN,QIETAYIZHIZAIYOUYISHIDIKANGJUPINGLUNJIAJIAZHUZAITASHENSHANGZHURUHOUXIANDAIZUOJIADENGBIAOQIAN。ZHEIGENLUOSIZISHENDEXIEZUOTEDIANYOUGUAN,TACENGJINGCHUANGZUOLE《SHISHI》(The Fact)DENGLEISIZICHUANDEZUOPIN,YINCIBEICHENGZUO“ZICHUANXIAOSHUOJIA”[6]9,DANYOUZAIKAITOUJIEWEICHUJIARUYUXUNIRENWUZUKEMANDEDUIHUA。ZAIBULUONEIERKANLAI,JINGUANLUOSIXIAOSHUODEWENTIHENEIRONGSHIFENDUOYANG,DANSHITAMENDEXUSHISHENGYINSHIZHONGRUYI——“WUGUANQUEREQIE、ZHIXUNQUEQUANWEI、XINIERWEIMIAOQUEYOULIERRELIE;ZUIZHONGYAODESHIRENWUCAIYONGLEQIANGPODE、QIANGZHIDE,DUODUOBIRENDEKOUWEN。”[6]2

                    棋牌大全下载安装   SAFUERRENWEILUOSIXIAOSHUOZHENSHIHEXIANGXIANGRENWUDEJIAORONG,“TA(LUOSI)CONGMINGDIDIANFULEDUIXIANSHIZHUYIXUSHIDEGUYOUQIDAI……TAYUNYONGDELINGRENMIHUODEYUQIHESHIJIAODEZHUANHUAN、POSUIHUADEQINGJING、YOUZHEDUOZHONGMAODUNRENGEDERENWUHEDAILIXUSHUZHE”,SHIYIZHONG“XIANGXIANGHEXIANSHIJIAOZHIDEMOSHI。”[2]25HALIOUHESAIGEERHEBIANDEPINGLUNJI《HUOYANRANQI》(Turning Up the Flame)YILUOSIHOUQIXIAOSHUO(《QIPIAN》DAO《CHUISIDEROUSHEN》)DUIXIANSHIHEXUGOUDEMOHUXINGWEIGONGTONGDEGUANZHUDUIXIANG,TANSUOLUOSIXIAOSHUOZHONGSHENFEN、MEIGUOWENHUALISHIDENGWENTI。SAIGEERZAI《YUEDUFEILIPU·LUOSI:SHISHIYUHUANXIANG,XIAOSHUOYUZICHUAN》(Reading Philip Roth: Facts and Fancy, Fiction and Autobiography)YIWENZHONGKANDAOZHENSHIHEFEIZHENSHIZHIJIANDEXIANGHUYINGXIANG。SHIMISI(Margaret Smith)RENWEI,ZICHUANSHILUOSIDEYIGE“XUSHICELVE”[13],LUOSIJIANGZICHUANXINGDESHISHIRONGRUXIAOSHUOZHIZHONG,BINGJIANGXIANGXIANGZHUANHUACHENGWEIXUSHU。WOSI-NEIXIEER(Hana Wirth-nesher)DE《LUOSIDEZICHUANSHUXIE》(Roth’s Autobiographical Writings)YIWEN,ZHUYAOYI《YICHAN》《SHISHI》HE《FANMEIYINMOU》SANGEZICHUANXINGDEWENBENWEIYANJIUDUIXIANG,TANTAOZUOZHEYUDUZHE、GETISHENFENHEJITISHENFENZHIJIANDEHUDONGGUANXI。LUOSIDEZICHUANSHIZUOZHEZUOWEIYISHUJIAZAIYOUTAIDENGZHUTISHENFENXIANZHINEIDEZIYOUBIAODA[14]。

                      DUILUOSICHUANGZUOSHOUFADETAOLUNTIXIANLEWUSHINIANLAIXIFANGDANGDAIWENTANXIANSHIZHUYIYUHOUXIANDAIZHUYIDEFENYE。MAIKEDANNIER、XIERSIDENGXUEZHEJIANGLUOSIGUIWEI“SHEHUIDEXIANSHIZHUYIZHE”,ERQITAXUEZHERUWEIDE(Stephen Wade)、GELINBOGE(Robert M Greenberg)HESAFUERYINWEILUOSIDE“HOUXIANDAIZIWOGUANNIAN”[15]、YUANXIAOSHUODENGTEZHENGJIANGQIGUIWEIHOUXIANDAIZHUYIZUOJIADEXULIEZHIZHONG。RANER,BULUONEIERBUTONGYIJIANGLUOSIXIAOSHUOZHEIYANGJIANDANDEGUILEI,TARENWEILUOSIXIAOSHUOJIANJUHOUXIANDAIHEXIANSHIZHUYITEZHENG。BULUONEIERYEZHUYIDAOLEZIWOZHISHEDEHOUXIANDAIXIAOSHUODEFANGMIAN,TAYEKANDAOQI“WENLEIDEHUNZAXINGHEWENTIDEHANHUNXING”[6]51。

                      SIDANLANDE(Jane Statlander)DE《FEILIPU·LUOSIDEHOUXIANDAIMEIGUOLUOMANSI》(Philip Roth’s Postmodern American Romance )YISHURENWEI,LUOSICHUANGZUOYIFANGMIANYANXILEYIOUWEN、HUOSANGDENGWEIDAIBIAODEMEIGUOXIAOSHUOLUOMANSICHUANTONG,LINGYIFANGMIANYEJIEHELEHOUXIANDAIZHUYIZIWOZHISHE、BUQUEDINGXINGDENGTEZHENG。ZAISIDANLANDEKANLAI,LISHIXINGHEXUGOUXING、LIXINGHEFEILIXINGYIJIGUOQULISHIDELIANXUXINGYUGETIZHUTIHEJUEDINGDAILAIDEDUANLIEHEZHANGLIGONGTONGGOUCHENGLUOSIXIAOSHUOLUOMANSIDETEZHENG[16]9-11。

                      四、影响和比较研究

                    棋牌大全下载安装   MEIGUOPINGLUNJIABULUMU(Harold Bloom)ZHICHU,ZAIQIANBEISHIRENYINGXIANGXIADEQIANGZHESHIRENWANGWANGCHUYU“YINGXIANGDEJIAOLV”ZHIZHONG,HOUBEIZUOJIAZHIYOUSHITUTONGGUOFUZIXIANGZHENGSHIDEBOYILAIQUDEZIJIZAISHITANDEDIWEI。LUOSIYEZHENGSHIZHEIYANGYIWEIZAIRENCAIBEICHUMEIGUOWENTANQIUSHENGCUNHEFAZHANDEXIAOSHUOJIA。ZUOWEIYOUTAIZUOJIA,TACHUZAIKAFUKA、XINGE、BEILOU、MALAMUDEDENGWEIDAYOUTAIZUOJIADEYINYINGZHIXIA,YUANZHINASANGNIER·HUOSANG、MAKE·TUWEN、HENGLI·ZHANMUSI,JINDAOTATONGSHIQIDEMEIGUOZUOJIAEPUDAIKE、NUOMAN·MILE,DOUSHITACHUYUYINGXIANGDEJIAOLVZHIZHONG。YINCI,LUOSIPINGLUNJIAMENSHITULIQINGLUOSIYUZHEIXIEZUOJIADEGUANXI。

                      JINGUANLUOSICHUYUDASHIMENYINGXIANGDEJIAOLVZHONG,TAGENGDUODESHICONGZHEIXIEZUOJIADEXIEZUOZHONGJIQUYANGFEN。LUOSIZAI20SHIJI70NIANDAIDAO80NIANDAICENGZHUBIANLEYITAOQIECHUBANSHEMINGWEI《LINGYIGEOUZHOU》(the Other Europe)CONGSHU,JIESHAODONGOUZUOJIA,QIZHONGBAOKUOSHUERCI(Bruno Schulz)、KUNDELA(Milan Kundera)DENG。LUOSIBENRENYECENGDUOCIZAOFANGBISHIJIEKESILUOFAKEDESHOUDOUBULAGE,ZHEIYEBUZHIYICIJILUZAITADEXIAOSHUOZHONG。ZAISUIHOUDEFANGTANLU《XINGHUA》(Shop Talk)LIJILULELUOSIYUXUDUOOUMEIZUOJIARULAIWEI、APEIERFEIERDE、XINGEJIUXIAOSHUOCHUANGZUOZHANKAIDESHENDUDUIHUAHEJIAOLIU。

                      YULUOSICHUANGZUOZUIJUQINYUANXINGDEWUYISHITONGWEIMEIGUOYOUTAIRENDEXINGE、MALAMUDEHEBEILOU。PINGLUNJIAMITE(Glenn Meeter)ZAI《MALAMUDEYULUOSI》(Bernard Malamud and Philip Roth)YISHUZHONGBIJIAOLIANGWEIZUOJIADEYITONG。MITERENWEI,BEICHENGWEI“YOUTAILANGMANZHUYIZHE”DEMALAMUDEHELUOSISUIRANZAIXIEZUOFANGFASHANGYOUJIAODACHAYI,DANTAMEN“CHUANGZAOLEYOUJUDAJIAZHIDEMEIGUOXIAOSHUO,……TAMENDEZUOPINYEBIMIANMEIGUOBEIWANQUANSHISUHUA”[17]。LUOSIZAITADESANWENJI《YUEDUZIJIHETAREN》ZHONGHAIJIANGSHULETAYUMALAMUDEDEGUOWANG,YEPINGLUNLEBEILOUDEJIBUXIAOSHUO。XIERSI(George J Searles)ZAI《LUOSIHEEPUDAIKEDEXIAOSHUO》(The Fiction of Philip Roth and John Updike)YISHUZHONG,JIANGMEIGUODANGDAIWENTANLIANGWEISHENGMINGXIANHEDEZUOJIAJINXINGBIJIAO。XIERSIKANDAOLELIANGWEIZUOJIAZAIZHONGZUSHENFEN、JIATINGGUANXI、GERENDAODEZERENHEZUIGAN、XINGHEAIDENGFANGMIANDEXIANGSIZHICHU[18]3,TONGSHIYEZHUYIDAOTAMENGEZIBUTONGDEZUYICHUANTONGBUJINYINGXIANGLETAMENCHUANGZUODEZHUTIYEDUICHUANGZUOJIQIAOYOUYIDINGDEYINGXIANG。XIERSIRENWEILIANGWEIZUOJIAZUIDADEBUTONGZAIYUSHIJIAOSHANG,EPUDAIKECAIYONGDEGENGJIAGUANGKUODESHEHUIFANGFA,ERLUOSIZEGENGJIAZHUZHONGMIAOSHURENWUDEZIWONEISHENG。YINCI,LUOSIGENGDUOCAIYONGDESHIDIYIRENCHENGZICHUANXUSHU,EREPUDAIKEZEYONGDISANRENCHENGXUSHI。

                    棋牌大全下载安装   POSINIKE(Ross Posnick)ZAI《FEILIPU·LUOSIDEZHENMIANMU:BUCHENGSHUDEYISHU》(Philip Roth’s Rude Truth)YISHUZHONGJIANGLUOSIZHIYUMEIGUOWENXUEHEOUZHOUWENXUEDEGENGDACHUANTONGZHIZHONG,CHUANGZAOXINGDEJIANLILEYUAIMOSHENG、HUITEMAN、ZHANMUSI、TUOSITUOYEFUSIJI、KUNDELADENGYIPIWENXUEQIANBEIDELIANXI。ZHENGRUZHEZHEZAIQIANYANLISUOJIESHIDENEIYANG,“BUCHENGSHUDEYISHU”BUJINZHIDESHI“YIGEZHUTI,YESHIHEXIAOSHUOBENSHENYIYANGGULAODEYIZHONGWENXUESHIJIANHEWENXUECELVE,RANGRENXIANGQITANG·JIKEDENEICHANGHEXIANSHIYOUZHIDEZHENGBIAN”[19]XII。POSINIKEJIANGLUOSIDINGYIWEI“FANKANGDEXIANSHIZHUYIZHE,SHIJIEDEDIFANGZHUYIZHE”[19]XIV,BINGKAOCHALELUOSIYUXIANSHIZHUYI、XIANDAIZHUYICHUANTONGDEGUANXI,RENWEIZUOZHECAIYONGYOUXIDEFANGSHILAIDIANFUCHUANTONG。POSINIKERENWEI,LUOSIDEXIEZUOSHENGYAYISHI,HEXUDUOZHANHOUZUOJIAYIYANGMIANLINYIGEGANGADECHUJING,JIZUOWEIZUYITAZHERUHEJINRUZHULIUBAIRENWENHUA(WASPWENHUA)HEZHULIUMEIGUOWENXUESHIJIE,TONGSHIBUBEITONGHUACHENGWEIBAIRENWENHUADENULI。LUOSIDEBUCHENGSHUXINGZHUTIYUZHENGGEMEIGUOWENYIFUXINGYILAIDEFANDIKAERZHUYILISHIMIQIEXIANGGUAN。BUCHENGSHUXINGCHENGLEDUIKANGQIMENGXUANYANGDETONGYIDE、QUEDINGDE、ZHONGJIDECHENGSHUXINGDESHOUDUAN,YICILAIJUJUETONGYIDEZHUTIXING。

                    棋牌大全下载安装   YIWANNUOWA(Velichka Ivanova)ZHUBIANDE《FEILIPU·LUOSIHESHIJIEWENXUE》(Philip Roth and World Literature)JIANGLUOSIDEXIAOSHUOFANGZAIYIGEGENGWEIKUANGUANGDEKUADAXIYANGSHIJIAOXIAKAOLIANG。KUADAXIYANG“DALU、WENXUECHUANTONGHEPIPINGSHENGYINZHIJIANDEDONGTAIYUNDONG”[20],QUANSHUGONGSIGEBUFEN,KAOCHALUOSIYUQITAZUOJIADEWENXUELIANXI。ZAIDIYIBUFENLI,PINGLUNJIAMENSHITUZHONGXINPINGGUMEIGUOZUOJIAHEMEIGUOLINIANDUILUOSIDEYINGXIANG;DIERBUFENZEYI19SHIJIDAO20SHIJICHUDEOUZHOUWENXUECHUANTONG,RUQIHEFU、YIDALIDESIWEIWO(Italo Svevo),DISANBUFENZEJIZHONGZAILUOSIZHONGAIDE“BULAGESHENHUA”,TAMENCONGZHONGKANDAOLEKAFUKA,ZHANMUSIDENGDEYINGZI,ZUIHOUYIGEBUFENBAGUANZHUDIANZHUANYIDAOXIOUHESHIJIEWENXUE,BALUOSIZUOPINYUZHONGSHIJIWENXUE、OUZHOUDEXIUCICHUANTONGLIANXIQILAI。

                      五、结语

                      BANGESHIJIYILAI,LUOSIYANJIULIJINGPIPINGTAIDUDEZHUANBIANYIJIZHUTIDEZHUANXIANG。LUOSIGERENJINGLIYESHITADEXIAOSHUOTICAIFASHENGLEZHUANBIAN,SUIZHIDAIDONGPINGLUNJIADEPINGLUNFENGXIANGDEGAIBIAN。ZUOJIABENRENDECHUANGZUOYEYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGSHOUDAOPINGLUNJIEDEGUANDIANHEWENXUELILUNQUSHIDEYINGXIANG。TONGSHI,MEIGUOSHEHUIXIANHOUJINGLIYUEZHAN、LENGZHAN、XUESHENGYUNDONG,MINQUANYUNDONG、YOUTAIRENDETONGHUA,YOUCIDAILAISHEHUIJIAZHIGUANNIANDEBIANHUADENGSHIDEPINGLUNJIAYIGENGJIAKUANRONGDETAIDULAIDUIDAILUOSIDEZUOPIN。JINNIANLAI,LUOSIPINGLUNGENGCHENGXIANGENGJIADUOYUANHUAHEKUAXUEKEXINGDEQUSHI,RUBULUWEILE(Claudia F Brühwiler)ZAI《LUOSIXIAOSHUOZHONGZHENGZHIQIMENG》(Political Initiation in the Novels of Philip Roth)ZHONG,JIEHEZHENGZHIXUE、WENXUELILUNYURENLEIXUE,TANTAOLUOSIXIAOSHUORUHEBANGZHUDUZHELIJIEGERENFAZHANZIJIZHENGZHIRENTONGDEFANGSHI。ZAI《FEILIPU·LUOSI:XIAOSHUOHEQUANLI》(Philip Roth: Fiction and Power)YISHULI,HEIERSI(Patrick Hayes)TAOLUNLELUOSITONGGUOXIEZUOTANSUOHOUNICAISHIPINGPANWENXUEDEFANGSHI。JIANYANZHI,GUOWAIDELUOSIYANJIUFUGAIMIANJIAOGUANG,TUPODANYIDEZUOPINHEZHUTIYANJIU,JIJIXUNQIUKUAXUEKEFAZHAN,ZHEIXIEDOUZHIDEZHONGGUOLUOSIYANJIUXUEZHEJIEJIAN。

                      参考文献

                      [1] FLOOD,ALISON.Philip Roth Wins Man Booker International Prize[N/OL].Guardian.May 18,2011.(2010-05-18)[2017-07-28].http://www.theguardian.com/books/2011/may/18/philip-roth-wins-man-booker-international/print.
                      [2] SAFER,ELAINE B.Mocking the Age:The Later Novels of Philip Roth[M].Albany:State University of New York Press,2006.
                      [3] KAPLAN,BRETT ASHLEY.Jewish Anxiety and the Novels of Philip Roth[M].New York:Bloomsbury,2015:201.
                      [4] MILOWITZ,STEVEN.Philip Roth Considered :The Concentrationary Universe of the American Writer[M].New York:Garland Pub,2000.
                      [5] RAVVIN,NORMAN.Countering the Concentration Camp World:Ethical Response to the Holocaust in Canadian and American Fiction[D].Toronto:Diss.U of Toronto,1994:Ⅱ.
                      [6] BRAUNER,DAVID.Philip Roth[M].Manchester:Manchester University Press,2007.
                      [7] SHOSTAK,DEBRA B.Philip Roth-Countertexts,Counterlives[M].Columbia:University of South Carolina Press,2004.
                      [8] AARONS,VICTORIA,GUSTAVO SANCHEZ CANALES.Introduction to History,Memory,and the Making of Character in Roth’s Fiction[J].CLCWeb - Comparative Literature and Culture,2014,16(2):299-304.
                      [9] SEARLES,GEORGE JOHN.Conversations with Philip Roth[C].Jackson:University Press of Mississippi,1992:98.
                      [10] PINSKER,SANFORD.The Comedy That “Hoits”:An Essay on the Fiction of Philip Roth[M].Columbia:University of Missouri Press,1975:3.
                      [11] JONES,JUDITH PATERSON,GUINEVERA A.Nance.Philip Roth[M].New York:Ungar,1981:129.
                      [12] ROTH,PHILIP.Reading Myself and Others[M].New York:Farrar,Straus and Giroux,1975:Ⅺ.
                      [13] SMITH,MARGARET.Autobiography:False Confession?[M]//JAY L HALIO,BEN SIEGEL.Turning Up the Flame:Philip Roth’s Later Novels.Newark:University of Delaware Press,2005:99-114.
                      [14] WIRTH-NESHER,HANA.Roth’s Autobiographical Writings[C]//TIMOTHY PARRISH.Cambridge Companions to Literature.Cambridge:CambridgeUniversity Press,2007:158-172.
                      [15] GREENBERG,ROBERT M.Transgression in the Fiction of Philip Roth[J].Twentieth Century Literature,1997,43(4):487-506.
                      [16] STATLANDER,JANE.Philip Roth’s Postmodern American Romance:Critical Essays on Selected Works[M].New York:Peter Lang,2011:9.
                      [17] MEETER,GLENN.Bernard Malamud and Philip Roth:ACritical Essay[M].Grand Rapids,Michigan:Eerdmans,1968:45.
                      [18] SEARLES,GEORGE JOHN.The Fiction of Philip Roth and John Updike[M].Carbondale:Southern Illinois University,1985:3.
                      [19] POSNOCK,ROSS.Philip Roth’s Rude Truth:The Art of Immaturity[M].Princeton:Princeton University Press,2008.
                    棋牌大全下载安装   [20] IVANOVA,VELICHKA D.Philip Roth and World Literature:Transatlantic Perspectives and Uneasy Passages[M].Amherst:Cambria Press,2014:15.

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