棋牌大全下载安装

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              • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 《大师与玛格丽特》小说中章节断裂现象分析

                《大师与玛格丽特》小说中章节断裂现象分析

                时间:2018-12-19 10:02作者:陈培玉
                本文导读:这是一篇关于《大师与玛格丽特》小说中章节断裂现象分析的文章,布尔加科夫以充满断裂感的叙述将多种风格杂糅并置,巧妙地穿插多重时空,展现了古典主义凝重庄严的同时亦创造了立体式的多声部文体结构,思想内涵在层次丰富的叙述格局里,撞击出更加激烈的火花。

                  摘    要: 棋牌大全下载安装在小说《大师与玛格丽特》中,文本形式上的断裂感十分突出。分析断裂的两种不同形式,讨论两种断裂感形成的原因以及两种断裂所形成的文体特征与文本内涵上的丰富效果。在这部小说中,布尔加科夫以充满断裂感的叙述将多种风格杂糅并置,巧妙地穿插多重时空,展现古典主义凝重庄严的同时亦创造了立体式的多声部文体结构,思想内涵在层次丰富的叙述格局里,撞击出更加激烈的火花。通过分析加深对布尔加科夫文体特征的理解,并由此体会作家别具匠心地搭建小说框架之下所蕴含的用意。

                  关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 《大师与玛格丽特》; 断裂感; 连锁喜剧;

                棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIXIAOSHUO《DASHIYUMAGELITE》ZHONG,WENBENXINGSHISHANGDEDUANLIEGANSHIFENTUCHU。DUIQIZHANGJIEDUANLIEGANDEFENXI,KEYICONGXINGSHIDEJIAODUQIEKAIYIYU,BUERJIAKEFUCONGWENXUECHUANTONGZHONGXIQUJINGYAN,KAICHUANGXINDEWENXUECHUANTONGDEDONGJIYUFANGSHI,JINERJIASHENDUIZUOPINNEIRONGSHANGDELIJIE。

                  一、小说的特点

                  DUIYUCHUCIYUEDU《DASHIYUMAGELITE》DERENLAISHUO,XIAOSHUOZHONGTIAOTUODUANLIEDEZHANGJIEGUANXIDINGHUIJIRENLIUXIASHENKEDEYINXIANG。

                  XIAOSHUOZHENGTIFENWEISHANGXIALIANGBU,DIYIBUZHUYAOJIANGSHUDESHIMOGUIZAOFANGMOSIKEHOUCHUXIANDEGEZHONGLUANXIANG;DIERBUDEZHUTIBUFENSHIGUANYUMAGELITEYUDASHIERRENDEAIQINGGUSHI,ZAIZHEILIANGBUZHIJIANHAICHUANCHAZHEYESUSHOUNANDEGUSHI。YINCI,XIAOSHUOZHONGYIGONGCHUXIANLESANGEJIAOCUODESHIKONGCENGCI,RENJIE、SHENJIEHEMOJIE,ZHANGJIELIDENEIRONGCHANGZAIZHEISANJIEZHONGCHUANSUOWANGFAN。SHANGXIALIANGBUDEGUSHISUIYOUJIAOZHI,YOUGEYOUCEZHONG。SANJIEZHONGSHANGYANDEGUSHIBICIJIAORONG,QUEYOUNENGGEZIDULICHENGPIAN。SHANGXIALIANGBULIANGGEZHUYAOGUSHINANFENBOZHONG。JUTIZHANGJIEZHONG,QIANHOUNEIRONGCHANGCHANGFENGEZAIBUTONGGUSHIDEBUTONGCHANGJINGZHONG,QIEERZHEZHIJIANMEIYOURENHEDEGUODUHEPUDIAN。ZHEIZHONGTIANMAXINGKONG、ZIYICHICHENGDEXINGWENJIEGOU,DAILAIDEBIANSHIFEICHANGTUCHUDEDUANLIEGAN。

                  BUERJIAKEFUZHEIBANDEDASHI,TADEOUXINLIXUEZHIZUO,CONGGUSHINEIRONGDAOCHENGXIANFANGSHI,CHUCHUDOUJIAOZHULEZUOJIADEZHIHUIYUYONGXIN。XIAOSHUOZAIWENBENXINGSHISHANGRUCIZHANGMINGDEDUANLIEGAN,DINGRANYEYUNHANZHEBUTONGXUNCHANGDEYIQUHENEIHAN。

                  NEIMEXIAOSHUODAIYOUDUANLIESECAIDEXUSHU,YUANYINHEZAI?ZHEIYANGDEXUSHUHUICHANSHENGHEZHONGXIAOGUO?ZHANGJIEZHIJIANDEKUAISUTIAOZHUANYINFADEDUANLIEYOUSHIYUANHEERQI?ZHEILISHIFOUHANYOUZUOZHEGENGSHENDEZHIYI?DUIZHEIXIEWENTIDESISUO,YESHIYIBUYIBUKAOJINXIAOSHUONEIHEDEKEXINGZHIJING。

                  二、断裂叙述的解析

                  本文所称的“断裂”是就小说章节关系而言的。章节前后叙述内容中断,相邻章节关系断裂,但是相隔的章节所讲述的故事仍旧是一个整体。因此,断裂不是破碎,而是把一个故事分成不同时空的几个部分间插着叙述。断裂分开的部分,并不是就各自为文,而是成为几条并行的叙事直线,在相互交叉中间隔地分布在小说里。
                 

                《大师与玛格丽特》小说中章节断裂现象分析
                 

                棋牌大全下载安装   JIANGWEISHENGCHUWAIZHIHOUXIAOSHUOZHONGCHUXIANDEZHANGJIEJIANDETIAOZHUANDUANLIEJUTIRUXIA:

                  1.第1章与第2章。第1章是沃兰德在牧首湖畔与柏辽兹和伊万聊天,第2章切入耶舒阿的故事※。
                  2.第6章与第7章。第6章是伊万被送入精神病医院,第7章是利捷霍夫在第50号住宅被沃兰德捉弄,扔到雅尔塔。
                  3.第8章与第9章。第8章是教授与伊万的辩论,第9章是伊万诺维奇受贿被抓。
                  4.第10章与第11章。第10章是剧院的两位协理被魔鬼随从捉弄,第11章是伊万自我分裂的对话,以及大师出现的伏笔。
                  5.第11章与第12章。第11章内容见前,第12章是魔术上演。
                  6.第12章与第13章。第12章内容见前,第13章是大师出现,给伊万讲述他与玛格丽特的故事。
                  7.第13章与第14章。第13章内容见前,第14章是里姆斯基在办公室被魔鬼随从捉弄。
                  8.第14章与第15章。第14章见前,第15章是伊万诺维奇关于交赃款的梦以及伊万的梦的开始。
                  9.第15章与第16章。第15章见前,第16章是伊万梦到耶舒阿被处死※。
                  10.第16章与第17章。第16章见前,第17章是魔术之后莫斯科的混乱局面。
                  11.第17章与第18章。第17章见前,第18章是柏辽兹的姑父造访第50号住宅被捉弄。
                  12.第24章与第25章。第24章是玛格丽特参加了魔鬼晚会之后与大师一起回到了地下室,第25章是玛格丽特开始阅读大师手稿※。
                  13.第26章与第27章。第26章是玛格丽特阅读的手稿中的内容,第27章是沃兰德准备离开莫斯科之前交代几个之前的人物的后续※。
                  14.第28章与第29章。第28章是外币商店的闹剧,马太来到楼顶告诉撒旦,耶舒阿希望大师与玛格丽特获得安宁。
                  15.第29章与第30章。第29章见前,第30章是玛格丽特与大师二人被魔鬼救赎得到超脱。

                  MOWEICHARU※DE,WEIBUWANQUANDUANLIE,BIAOSHIZHEIZHONGDUANLIEDESHANGXIAWENRENGCUNZAILIANXU,YOUGUODUDECHENGFEN,DANSHIQIANHOUZHANGJIEFENBIEZAIJIANGSHUCUNZAIYUBUTONGCHANGJINGHUOZHESHIKONGDEGUSHI。

                  DANGBAYUEDUTIYANZHONGDEDUANLIEGANFANYINGZAIHENGXIANGDEZHIXIANZHONGSHI,KEYIFAXIANBUERJIAKEFUBIXIADEZHANGJIEDUANLIEGAN,BINGBUSHIZUOJIADESHENLAIZHIBI,ZIYIERWEI。HENGXIANGDEDUANLIEJIEZOUSUOFANYINGDEXIAOSHUOZHANGJIEDUANLIE,SHIYOUGUILVKEXUNDE。WANQUANDUANLIEZHIQIANHOUZHANGJIEDESHIKONG、RENWU、SHIJIANDOUSHIBUTONGDE,QIANHOUMEIYOURENHEXIANJIEGUODUHUOSHIYINXINGDEPUDIANJIAODAI。WANQUANDUANLIEJIHUQUANBUCHUXIANZAIDIYIBUZHONG,ZAIBENWENSUOFENXIDE“DUANLIEGAN”ZHONG,WANQUANDUANLIECHUXIANCISHUZUIDUO。BIRUSHANGWENTIDAODEDI1、DI7、DI9,DOUSHUYUWANQUANDUANLIEDEQINGKUANG。XIAOSHUODEDIYIBUGONGYOU19ZHANG,WANQUANDUANLIEDEQINGKUANGCHUXIANLE8CI,WEISHENMEWANQUANDUANLIEHUIJIZHONGCHUXIANZAIXIAOSHUODEDIYIBUFEN?

                  三、探寻“断裂”形成的原因

                棋牌大全下载安装   RUOYAOTANXUN“DUANLIE”XINGCHENGDEYUANYIN,SHOUXIANYAOYOUYIGELIANGUANDE“ZHENGTI”ZUOWEILIZUDIAN。CONGGUSHIXUSHUDEFENLIANGHEZHONGDIANKEYIFAXIAN,CHUANLIANQIZHENGBUXIAOSHUODEZUIGUANJIANXIANSUO,SHIMOGUIJIQISUICONGMANYOUMOSIKE。XIAOSHUOZHONGBAOHANLESIGEGUSHI:SHIRENYIWANDEZIWOFANSHENG,MOWANGDANAOMOSIKE,DASHIYUMAGELITEDEAIQINGHEBILADUOCHUSIYESHUA。

                  WOLANDEDEZAOFANGDAKAILEQIANNIANSHIKONGDEKUAYUE、RENJIANMOJIEZHIJIAORONG,XIANGXIANGYUXIANSHIDEHUNTONG。YIZHENGYIXIEDEWOLANDE,DAIZHEZIJIJIERUCHOU、HEIBAIFENMINGDESHUANGYANHESANGESHANGTIANRUDI、WUSUOBUNENGDESUICONG,WANCHENGYOULIMOSIKE,ZHIZAOHUNLUAN,JIETUODASHIYUMAGELITEDEZHONGYAORENWU。ZUOWEIGUANCHUANXIAOSHUOQUANWENDEZHUYAOXIANSUO,ZHEIBUFENQIDAOLEGOULIANQITASANGEGUSHIDEZUOYONG,YIWANYINWEIYUWOLANDEDEDUIHUAERKAISHISISUOZHENLI,MAGELITEYINWEIWOLANDEHUODELEJIUSHUDASHIDEJIHUI,MOSIKECHOUTAIBAICHUDESHIMINYEYINWOLANDEZHIZAODENAOJUERBAOLULOUXING。

                棋牌大全下载安装   WOLANDEBUJINSHIXIANGDUIFENGBIDEMOSIKENANDEYIJIANDEWAIGUOREN,GENGSHIJUYOUMOFALILIANGDE“YOULING”。MOSHENGDEZHURENGONGJINRUSHUXIHUANJING,YOUCIYINCHUYILIANCHUANTIXIAOJIEFEIDEGUSHI。XUZHIQIANGJIAOSHOUDEYANJIUZHONGRENWEIZHEIZHONGXIJUXINGZHISHIDUIGUOGELIXIJUMOSHIDEHUYINGYUDUIHUA。《SIHUNLING》ZHONGQIQIKEFUZAIXIAOSHUOJIEGOUSHANGDEGONGNENGYUWOLANDERUCHUYIZHE,ZHEIYIRENWUDECUNZAI,TAYUGUSHIZHONGDEQITAJIAOSEYILVDOUTIXIANWEIZHUKEDEJIANLIGUANXI,GOUCHENGYIZHONGXIJUXINGDEHUDONG。TASHIQINGJIEDESHIDONGZHE,XIANGYOULINGYIYANGYOULIYUTARENDESHENGHUOZHIWAI,ERMEIYICIMANYOU、CHUJIHEXINGPIANDOUYINFAYICHANGXIAOJU[1]。

                棋牌大全下载安装   BUERJIAKEFUDUIZHEIYIXIJUJIEGOUDEFAZHANHETUPO,CAISHISHIDEZHEIBUXIAOSHUOSIXIANGRONGLIANGDEYIKUOCHONG,CHENGWEIJINGSHIBUXIUDEJINGDIANDEYUANYIN。XUZHIQIANGJIAOSHOURENWEIDUILIANSUOXIJUXINGZHIDETUPOSHIYOUDASHIYUMAGELITEERRENDEGUSHIWANCHENGDE。DASHIZUOWEIQIANFULESHIERZHANGCAICHUXIANDEZHURENGONG,YIZIJIJINTUILIANGNANDEKUNJINGHEDUIZHENLIDETANSUO,MIBULEJINYOUWOLANDEDENAOJUYINFADEXIAOJUNANYIBIAOXIANDESHENCENGNEIHAN,JIDUIXIANSHIWENTIDESIKAOYUBIAODA。TONGGUODUIXIAOSHUOZHANGJIEDUANLIETEZHENGDESHULI,BIZHERENWEISHIDEXIAOSHUOZAIXIJUZHIWAISHENGHUACHUGENGWEISHENHOUDESIXIANGNEIHANDEDONGLI,YUWOLANDEJIQISUICONGZHEIJIRENDETEZHIGUANXIPOSHEN,DUILIANSUOXIJUDETUPOJIXIAOGUO,ZAITAMENSHENSHANGYEYOUSHENKETIXIAN。

                  四、多视角叙事

                  (一)由一变多

                  BUERJIAKEFUDETUPOZHIYI,SHITIGONGSHIJIAODERENWUYOUYIBIANDUO。《DASHIYUMAGELITE》LIDEZAOFANGZHEBIANCHENGLEYIGETUANTI,MOGUIWOLANDEJIQISIGESUICONG。ZHEIWURENXINGGEXIANGJIONG、JUZHIGEYI,TAMENZAIMOSIKESICHUYOUCUAN,NAOCHUYIMUYOUYIMUDEHEISEXIJU。TIGONGQINGJIEPENGZHUANGDESHIJIAORENWUBIANDUO,NENGQIDAORANGBUTONGDEGUSHINEIRONGPINGXINGZHANKAI、CHANSHENGGONGSHIXINGDEZUOYONG。ZAIDANAOMOSIKEDENEIRONGZHONG,WOLANDEDESUICONGMENFENTOUXINGSHI,DAHEIMAOHEAZHAZELEBALANYONGZHIQUANDESIQIAOPASHUNYIDIUDAOYAERTADEFANGBODISHANG;LAOJIANJUHUADEFANGGUANHUIZHURENYIWANNUOWEIQIZEBEIKAWEILUOFUJUBAO,BEISONGJINLEJIANYU。DANGESHIJIAORENWUDEYOULI,SUOXINGCHENGDEGUSHIBIRANDAIYOUMINGXIANDEXIANXINGSHIJIANTEZHENG,DIDIANDEZHUANYI,QINGJIEDEZHUANHUANDOUXUYAOYOUZHEIYIRENWUTIGONGQIJI。ZHEIYANGDEXUSHIZONGTIERYANSHIWENDINGLIANGUANDE,GUSHIRENWUYUCHANGJINGGENGRONGYIBAOCHISHANGXIAHUYING,QIANHOULIANXU,BINGQIEDAIJIDUZHETONGYANGPINGWENDEYUEDUTIYAN。

                棋牌大全下载安装   WOLANDEHETADESUICONGMENGEZIXINGDONG,SUICONGMENSHIZHONGTINGCONGWOLANDEDESHOUYI,DANWOLANDEBINGBUGANYUSUICONGMENCAIYONGSHENMESHOUDUANQUWANCHENGZIJIDEZHILING。ZHEIYANGYILAI,TAMENMEIGERENDOUNENGTONGGUOGEZIDEHUODONGYANZHANKAIYITIAOZHIXIAN,SHOULIWOZHEDUOTIAOZHIXIANDEBUERJIAKEFUFEICHANGGAOMINGDIJIANGTAMENJIAOCHABIANZHI,XUANZEMEITIAOZHIXIANLIXIJUZHANGLIZUIDADEYIDUANJIAYICHENGXIAN,RANGZHEICHANGNAOJUBIANDEJINGCAIFENCHENG,GAOCHAODIEQI。LVEQULEDUIMEIYITIAOZHIXIANXIZHIMOJIEDEWANZHENGJIAODAI,YIJIZHONGHONGZHADEFANGSHIBIAOXIANMOSIKESHIMINDEDUOLUO,CONGGUSHIYUGUSHIDEJIAOTI,BIANCHENGLECHANGJINGYUCHANGJINGDEBIANHUAN,ERZHEIBIANHUANYOUSHIYIZHANGJIEWEIBIAOSHIWANCHENGDE,YUSHIZAIMEIYIZHANGJIESHUZHIHOU,KUAISUJINRULINGYITIAOZHIXIANDAILAIDEDUANLIEGANBIANFENWAIQIANGLIE。

                  (二)化被动为主动

                  SHIJIAORENWUDETUPOZHIERZAIYUMOFALILIANGDEZHURURANGTAMENHUABEIDONGWEIZHUDONG。WOLANDEHETADESUICONGMENGEZIJIANFUBUTONGDEGONGNENG,MOWANGSHISHENCHEN、CHONGMANZHEZHEXUEYIWEIDESADANXINGXIANG,TADEGONGNENGZAIYUKAOYAN、GUANCHA。ZUOWEIMOJIEDEZHANGKONGZHE,TAYONGYOUWUBIANDEMOFALILIANG,DANZAIXIAOSHUOZHONGQUECONGBUQINSHOUCANYURENHENAOJU,YEXIANSHAOZHIJIEMINGLINGSUICONGQUZHUONONGREN。SUICONGMENZEZUOWEIXIAOLIAOZHIZAOZHEHEDASHOU,XIAOSHUODEXIJUXINGJIHUWANQUANYOUTAMENSIRENCHENGBAO。

                棋牌大全下载安装   GUOGELIDEXIJUXUSHIMOSHIYOUSANGEJIBENTEZHENG:1.ZHURENGONGBENSHENBUJUYOURENHEMOLI,DOUSHIJIQIPUTONGDERENWU;2.ZHURENGONGJINRU“MODI”,HUISHOULIYIQUSHIERZHUDONGZUOWEI,BINGYOUSUOSHOUHUO;3.YONGDONGZHEMOFALILIANGDEKONGJIANHUIZHUDONGCHENGXIANCHULAI,BINGZAIYAOMOGUIGUAIDENGGUAIDANXINGXIANGXIANXIANZHIHOU,ZHONGXINHUIFUYUANTAI[2]。

                  JIANG《DASHIYUMAGELITE》MOGUIZAOFANGDENAOJUBUFENYUZHIXIANGBI,BUERJIAKEFUBIXIACHENGXIANZHENGGEXIJUDESHIJIAORENWUBUZAISHIPUTONGREN。SHUNYISHU、BIANSHENSHU、DIANSHICHENGJINSHU,JIULIANZIDANZAITAMENMIANQIANYEMEIYOURENHESHASHANGLI。CHAOZIRANLILIANGRANGTAMENDEXINGZONGGENGZIYOU,WANQUANBUSHOUXIANSHITIAOJIANDEZHIYUE,KEYIZIYOUCHUANSUOYUBUTONGKONGJIAN,YOUMEIYOUMOWANGDEMINGLINGRANGRENYIBUYIQU,MOFAYUZHUGUANXINGDIEJIAZAIZHEIJIRENSHENSHANG,SHIDEKONGJIANDEXIANZHIZAITAMENMIANQIANYISHIWUWU,LAIQUZIYOUBIRANDAILAICHANGJINGDEKUAISUZHUANHUAN,ERZUOJIAYOUJINGXINDIZAITAMENGEZIDESHIJIANXIANLILAIHUIQIEHUAN,ZHEIBIANSHIZHANGJIEDUANLIEGANDEYOUYIYUANYIN。

                  五、完全断裂与不完全断裂

                  (一)完全断裂

                  LIANSUOXIJUBUFENWANQUANDUANLIEDEZHANGJIE,ZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIJIZHONGJIELULEGUANLIAOJIECENGDEZHIQUANLANYONGHESHIMINDETANLANYUMEI。PINPANZAROUDECHENGXIANFANGSHINENGZUIDARONGLIANGDIHANKUOMOSIKERENDEDUOLUOYUYONGSU,XIANGDUIDULIDEQINGJIE,SHIZHONGJIZHONGDEZHUTI,RANGBUERJIAKEFUBIXIADEDUANLIELIANSUOXIJU,NENGJIJUZUIQIANGLIEDEXIJUXIAOGUO,JIANGMOGUIYOUXIRENJIANDEXIJUYINZIZUIDACHENGDUDISHIFANG。

                  TONGSHI,DUANLIEZHANGJIEJIANDECHUANCHA,RONGYICHANSHENGHUNLUANXUANYUNDEXIAOGUO。XIANSHISHIJIEZHONGXINYANGSHILUO,KONGDONGXUWEIDEMOSIKERENMINZAIGAODUJIQUANDETONGZHIXIA,TONGYANGYECHONGMANZHELINGRENHUNDUN、MIMANGDEYAYIGANHEJINZHANGGAN。DUANLIEDEZHANGJIEGUANXISUOCHANSHENGDEYUEDUTIYANZHUNQUEDITIEHELEXIANSHISHIJIEDESHENGHUOTIYAN,YIJIEGOUHUYINGNEIRONG,ERZHEZAIHUNRANYITIDEGAODUWANZHENGXINGZHONG,SHIWENBENCHANSHENGCHUGANGUANHEYISHICENGMIANGONGZHENDEHUNLUANDIANDAODEZHIGAN,YICIBIAOXIANCHUBUERJIAKEFUXINZHONGCHONGMANDUOLUO、ZUIE、ZHIXUDIANDAODEMOSIKE。YUSHI,KANSILINGLUANDEDUANLIEXINGSHIQUEYINYUZHEXIANSHI,BINGXIETONGNEIRONGYIQIJIANGOULEXIANSHI。

                  (二)不完全断裂

                棋牌大全下载安装   XIANGDUIQIANHOUNEIRONGQUANRANBUXIANGGANDEWANQUANDUANLIEZHANGJIE,BUWANQUANDUANLIEYIWEIZHEQIANHOUZHANGJIEZHIJIANBAOCHIYOUWEIRUODELIANXI,ZHEIZHONGLIANXIYEKEYISHIWEIYIZHONGHANXUDEGUODU。ZAIBUWANQUANDUANLIEZHONG,ZUOJIALIUXIALEJIAOMINGXIANDEXIANSUO,TONGGUOQIANHOUQINGJIEJIANDANTUILIHEGUANJIANXIANSUODEBIAOJIBIANNENGRANGSHANGXIAWENBAOCHIRUOYINRUOXIANDELIANGUANXING。

                  ZAIDI1ZHANGJIESHU,WOLANDEZAIMUSHOUHUPANWEILELUNZHENGSHANGDICUNZAISHI,SHUODAO:“‘BINGBUXUYAORENHEZHENGMING,’JIAOSHOUHUIDASHUO。JIEZHETABIANXIAOSHENGNIANTAOQILAI,ERQIEYIDIANWAIGUOKOUYINDOUMEIYOULE:‘YIQIEDOUHENJIANDAN:TACHUANZHEBAISEPIFENG’……”

                  DI2ZHANGDEKAITOUSHI:“XINCHUNNISANYUESHISIRILINGCHEN,TA,YOUTAIZONGDUBENDIU·BILADUO,SHENCHUANHONGSECHENLIDEBAISEPIFENG……”[3]TONGGUO“BAISEPIFENG”,ZAILIANXIQIANHOUXINGWENLUOJI,DEZHIDI2ZHANGDENEIRONGSHIWOLANDEZAIXIANGBOLIAOZIHEWUJIAHANJIANGSHUYESHUADEGUSHI。

                棋牌大全下载安装   CONGXIANGGUANZHANGJIEDENEIRONGLAIKAN,ZONGLANXIAOSHUOZHONGCHUXIANBUWANQUANDUANLIEDEDIFANG,YIGONGYOUSICHU,DI1ZHANGYUDI2ZHANG,DI15ZHANGYUDI16ZHANG,DI24ZHANGYUDI25ZHANG,DI26ZHANGYUDI27ZHANG,ZHEI4CHUJUNSHIZAIXIANSHISHIKONGJINRUYESHUAGUSHIDESHENHUASHIKONGCHUXIANDE。SHENHUAGUSHIFENBIEYOUSANGERENLAIYICIXUSHU。SHOUXIANSHIWOLANDEDUIBOLIAOZIHEYIWANSUOJIANGSHUDEGUANYUYESHUASHOUSHENDENEIRONG,ZAISHIYIWANMENGZHONGCHUXIANDEYESHUABEICHUSIDEQINGJIE,RANHOUSHIZAIDASHIDESHOUGAOZHONGCHUXIANYESHUABEIYANMAIDEQINGJIE。

                  六、神话故事的插入

                  TONGLANQUANWEN,SHENHUAGUSHIFANERSHIXIAOSHUOZHONGZUIZHENSHIDEBUFEN。BIRUYESHUASHOUXINGDEPIANDUAN“XIANXUESHUNZHETADEXIONGFUBUWANGXIALIU,TADEXIABADUOSUOLEJIXIA,TOUDALAXIALAI”,HOURENYANLIDESHENYEZHISHIYOUXUEYOUROUDEPUTONGREN。YIZHIKUKUZHENGZHASHITUYINGJIUYESHUADEMATAI,ZUIZHONGYEMEINENGCHENGGONG。ZHEILIMEIYOUQIJI,MEIYOUMOFA,PINGSHIZHENQIE,RANGZHEIGEGUSHIQUANRANTUNQULESHENHUASECAI。ZHEIYANGDEANPAI,SHIZUOJIAZAIKEYIDIQIANGDIAOMOSIKELIUXINGQIWUSHENLUNSHIDUOMEHUANGMIU。

                  WEILETUCHUSHENHUAGUSHIDEZHENSHI,RENHEMOHUANDESECAIDOUBUNENGCANYUDAOZHEIBUFENDEXUSHIZHONG。DUANLIEDEZHANGJIESHIMOJIESHENRURENJIEDEJIEGUO,LIANGGESHIJIEDECIYUANBIWANQUANBEIDAPO,MOFALILIANGDEZUOYONGXIA,WOLANDEYIXINGZAIMOSIKELAIQUZIYOU,XIANSHILIDERENMENYINENGBEIMOFAZUOYONG。ERYOUBUWANQUANDUANLIELIANJIEDEBUFENYINWEIJUJUELEMOHUAN,YEBIANSHIQULEZHANGJIEZIYOUQIEHUANDEKENENG。SHANGSHUSANCHUYOURENJIEJINRUFUYINSHUGUSHIFENBIECAIYONGLEKOUSHUSHENHUA、MENGJING、SHOUGAODEFANGSHI,SHENLIMOLIZAIZHEILIQIBULEZUOYONG,SHENTONGGUANGDADEWOLANDEYEZHISHIYONGJIANGSHUDEFANGSHI,SHITURANGRENXIANGXINTAQINYANKANDAOLESHENDECUNZAI。DUIYUYIWAN、DASHIDENGFANRENLAISHUO,JINRUSHENJIEDEFANGSHIZHIYOUTONGGUOXIANGXIANG。SHENJIEGUSHIWEILEBAOHUZISHENDEKEKAOXING,BUNENGXIANGLIANSUOXIJUYIYANGSIWUJIDANDIZHANKAIDUANLIEDEXUSHI,BIXUYAOYOUYIGEXIANSHIKEXINGDEQIJIYINCHUYESHUADEGUSHI,YINCIYEBIANBUKENENGCHUXIANWANQUANDUANLIEDEZHANGJIEGUANXI。

                棋牌大全下载安装   CIWAI,SHENJIEGUSHIYEBUNENGGUOFENPINGBAIDIBEIJINRU,BUWANQUANDUANLIERENGYOUQIDUANLIEDEYIMIAN。JINGUANLIUXIALEYOUJIKEXUNDEXIANSUOQIJILIANJIEQIANHOUZHANGJIE,DANZHEIXIEXIANSUOSHIZHONGSHIJIAOWEIYINBI、WEIRUODE。SHENJIEGUSHISHIXIAOSHUOZHONGZUIDULIDESHIKONG,MOJIE、RENJIEDOUWEINENGCANYUDAOYESHUADEGUSHIZHIZHONG。TASUIRANYIZHENSHIXINGJIQIANGDEXUSHIRANGRENHUODELEWUBITIEJINDEGANSHOU,DANYOUYIBUWANQUANDUANLIEDEFANGSHIBAOCUNLEFUYINGUSHIBENSHENDETEZHI:YAOYUANMENGHUAN,SUMUZHUANGYAN。BUWANQUANDUANLIESHIWENBENXINGSHISHANGDERUOJIRUOLI,XIANGZHENGRENLEIYUZHENLIZHIJIANGUANXIBIRANYAOCAIYONGDECELVE。SHENJIEGUSHISHIRUCIYAOYUANYOUZHENSHIDECUNZAI,YIYUTANSUOTADERENJIUXIANGBASHEWANLIQUXUNZHAOYIGECHUANSHUO,DUIYUFANRENERYANZHIYOUYIWANHEDASHIZHEIBANNENGGOUZIWOSHENSHIBINGZHIZHEZHENLIDERENCAINENGZAIPIAOMIAODEXIANGXIANGLIWUXIANDIJIEJINTA,ZHIDAOZUIZHONGJIANDINGBUYIDIDUXINTADECUNZAI。

                棋牌大全下载安装   TONGGUOBUWANQUANDEDUANLIE,ZUOJIAJIANGXIANSHISHIJIEDENAOJUHEMOGUISHIJIEDEGUAIDANZHIZHIYUWAI,YINGZAOCHUZHENSHIZHUANGZHONGDESHENHUASHIJIE。JIANGSHENHUAGUSHIXUANZHIYURENJIEYUMOJIEZHISHANG,RANGBUBEIQITALILIANGGANYUDESHENHUAXUSHI,CHENGWEIXUANCHUIYUZHENGBUXIAOSHUODINGCENGDEZONGJIAOKUANGJIA。SUIRANXIAOSHUOZHONGCHUXIANLESANGESHIKONG,DANMOJIEYURENJIEDEJIAORONGZUIZHONGXIANXIANCHUDESHIQINGXIDEERYUANJIEGOU。ZONGJIAOSHENHUAYUBEIMOHUADERENJIEXIANGHUDUIZHAO,ZONGJIAOCHENGWEIBEIXIANSHIYIWANGPAOQUEDEGULAOSHENHUA,DANLUNXIANZAIWUSHENLUNDEXIANSHISHIJIE,BEIMOWANGJIEKAISHENGSEQUANMADEZHEXIUBUZHIHOUMANSHIXUWEICHOUE。ZAIXIAOSHUOZHONG,YOUBUWANQUANDUANLIELIANZHUIQIDERENSHIYUSHENJIE,YUSHIZHEYESHUABANSHANLIANGZHENZHIRENLEIMEIHAODEXINLINGLILIANGYIJINGSHIGULAOSHENHUALICAIHUICHUXIANDEYAOYUANCUNZAI。DUANLIEDEXIJUZHANGJIEZHONGMOJIESHENRURENJIANDEKUANGHUANSHIXIANSHIZHONGDEMOSIKERENYUXIEEGONGWUDEYINYU,NEIMEBUWANQUANDUANLIEQUEJINPINGWEIRUODEXIANGXIANGCUNZAIDESHENJIE,BIANSHIMOSIKERENWANGQUEZONGJIAO,XINYANGSHILUODEZHENSHIXIEZHAO。

                棋牌大全下载安装   SHENJIEGUSHIDESIGEPIANDUANANCIXUXIANGQIANZAIXIANDAIMOSIKECHUANQILIANSHANG,JIUXIANGSIKEGUDAIDEZUANSHIXIANGQIANZAIXIANDAIDEYINLIANSHANG[4]。WANCHENGXIANGQIANRENWUDESANGEREN:WOLANDE、DASHI、YIWAN,TAMENYINDUITONGYIGESHENJIEGUSHIDEZHIZHE,LIANXIZAIYIQI,CHENGWEIXIAOSHUOZHONGRENLEITANSUOZHENLIDEJINGSHENLICHENGDEFANYING。

                  七、主要人物特点及结构特点

                  (一)伊万

                  ZUOWEIZHONGRENYANZHONGNIANQINGYOUWEI、QIANCHENGJINXIUDESHIREN,YIWANDECHENGGONGSHIFUQIANMEISUDE,TASUIBOZHULIUYUSHIDAIFENGQI,RENYUNYIYUNDICHITANWUSHENLUN,DUIXIANSHIQUEFAZHENSHIDESIKAO。KAISHIDETAHEBOLIAOZIYIYANG,SHIDANGSHIPUBIANDEZHISHIFENZIDEDAIBIAO,DANGTAQINYANJIANZHENGLEBOLIAOZIBEIYUYANJIZHONGSIYUFEIMING,XIANSHIYUSIXIANGZHIJIANDEJILIEPENGZHUANG,RANGTACHANSHENGZHIYIJINGSHEN。ZAIJINGSHENBINGYUANYUDASHIDEXIANGYUZHONG,ZAIYICIJIEJINNEIGEMIBUKEYANDESHENHUAGUSHI。SUIZHETADUISHENJIEDEXIANGXIANGYUEFASHENRU,TAYEJIANGZHEIXIANGXIANGDEZHENSHITIEJINLEXINLINGDEZHENSHI。ZAIXIAOSHUODEZUIHOU,YIWANBUXIESHILE,TACHENGLEYIMINGYANJIUYUAN,ZHIYUYOUMEIYOUGUIYIZONGJIAO,ZHEIBINGBUZHONGYAO,TASHIJINSHENDIZHUIQIUXUEWENYIWEIZHETAYONGYOULEDULISIKAODEYISHI。YIWANDEZIJUEZHILUDAIYOUPUSHIXING,TADEXUESHIBURUDASHIYUANBO,TAYEMEIYOUMAGELITEBANDELIANRENYONGCHICHENGREAIWEITADAJIANHEIANHANYEZHONGDEBIFENGGANG。DANGTAKANDAOSHENBIANSHANGYANDEZHUZHONGLUANXIANGZHIHOU,NENGKUAISUDIZHANKAIDAIYOUPIPANXINGDESIKAOBINGDUIZIJIJINXINGLECHEDIDIFANSHENG,ZHEIYANGDEZIWOJIUSHUZHILUDUIYUJUEDADUOSHUZHISHIFENZI、SHEHUIZHONGJIANERYANDOUSHINENGGOUQIEYINGGAIZUODAODE。

                  (二)大师

                棋牌大全下载安装   DASHIYUYIWANBUTONG,TACONGWEIYUHEIANTONGLIUHEWU,DANTAQUEZAIYAYIDESHEHUIHUANJINGZHONGBEISHOUKONGJUZHEMO。TADUIPUTIANGAIDIDEFANMIANLILIANGHEDAOLE、TUISUOLE,SUOYIZAIZAOSHOUPINGLUNJIEKUANGFENGBAOYUBANDEFENNUPIPINGZHIHOU,TASHAODIAOLESHOUGAO,QUANSUOZAIJINGSHENBINGYUANLIJILIAO。DASHISHIZHENZHENGDEELUOSILIANGXINSUOZAI,YESHIJIJINZHENSHIDEDULIZHISHIFENZIDEXIEZHAO。RENSHIYOURUODIANDE,YULINGRENZHIXIDEFANCHANGXIANSHIJINXINGHAOWUJUSEDEZHENGMIANDUIKANG,SHIYESHUANEIYANGDESHENGRENCAINENGZUODAODE。FANRENBIYOUQUEXIAN,ERQIENUOSHIZUIDADEYIGE。GUJUNFENZHANZAIHEIANDENIANDAISHIXINGBUTONGDE,DAYADELILIANGHEJINGSHENDEGUDUSHUANGZHONGJIANGLINZAIFANRENSHENSHANGSHI,SHIZHIBUYUDEJIANCHISHIYIZHONGNANYIQIJIDESHENHUA。YAOXIANGHUODEMIAOSHIQUANWEIDEYONGQI,ZHENCHENGDELIJIEHEZHICHISHIBIBUKESHAODE。BUERJIAKEFUTONGGUODASHIYUMAGELITEDEGUSHIJIESHILEQIENUOSHIRENLEIPUBIANCUNZAIDEZUIDAQUEXIAN,DANAISHIANFANGDONGDANGLINGHUNDEYONGHENGSHENGDIAN,CHIREGUANGBODEAIKEYIRANGRENXINGDADAOZHIZHENZHISHANDEJINGJIE[5]。

                  (三)结构

                  《DASHIYUMAGELITE》JINGMIAOFUZADEJIEGOU,YUHUIFENGFUDENEIHAN,RANGRENSHENSHENTANFU,ZHEIYESHIXIAOSHUOZAIJINBAINIANJIANRENGRANBAOCHIWANGSHENGDESHENGMINGLIDEGENYUAN。BUERJIAKEFUJIANGDUOTIAOXIANSUO,DUOGESHIKONGYONGDUANLIEDEFANGSHIDAPOZAROU,CONGKAISHIDEBUWANQUANDUANLIE,RANGSHIKONGZAIQIANNIANLICHUANSUO,ZUOWEIXIAOSHUOKAISHISHIKONGLVXINGDEQIANZOU,ZHUJIANZENGQIANGDAOMEIZHANGDOUZAIDUANLIETIAOYUEDELIANSUOXIJU,SHIXIAOSHUOCHENGWEIHUIXIEFENGCIDEFUSHIHUI。ERZAIZHENZHENGXIANGXIANGHUIHONGDESADANKUANGHUANBUFENLI,BUERJIAKEFUWANQUANTINGXIALEDUANLIEDEBICHU,JIANGSUOYOUDEZHUYILIQINGJINZAIZHEIYICHANGZAISIWANGZHONGYONGHENGDEJIAOXIANGQUZHONG,CONGXUANHUANLANGMANDEWUHUIGUILAI,ZUOJIAYOUYICITONGGUOJIEZOUJIAOMANDEDUANLIEFANGSHIHUANHUANDIJINRUDAOWEISHENG,RANGZHEIGUXIJUANMOSIKEDEMOFAFENGBAOZAISAODANGLERENXINGDECHOULOUZHIHOUJIANJIANHUIFUPINGJING,GENGRANGNEIXIESHANGXIAQIANNIANBUYUEERTONGDIJINXINGZHEZIWOKAOWENHEJIANCHIZHENLIDELINGHUNDEDAOJIUSHU,HUODEANNING[6]。

                  八、结语

                  ZAIZHEXUEYIYUNNONGHOUDEEGUOZUOJIAZHONG,DUIXIANSHIDESIKAO,DUISHENGMINGDETANSUOYIZHISHIZUIWEIZHONGYAODEWENXUECHUANTONG,BUERJIAKEFUYESHENSHOUYINGXIANGBINGZAIZIJIDEZUOPINZHONGJIXUWAJUEZHEIYICHUANTONG。ZAIZHEIBUXIAOSHUOZHONG,BUERJIAKEFUYICHONGMANDUANLIEGANDEXUSHUJIANGDUOZHONGFENGGEZAROUBINGZHI,QIAOMIAODICHUANCHADUOZHONGSHIKONG,ZHANXIANLEGUDIANZHUYININGZHONGZHUANGYANDETONGSHIYICHUANGZAOLELITISHIDEDUOSHENGBUWENTIJIEGOU,SIXIANGNEIHANZAICENGCIFENGFUDEXUSHUGEJULI,ZHUANGJICHUGENGJIAJILIEDEHUOHUA。

                  参考文献

                  [1] 许志强,葛闰.布尔加科夫魔幻叙述传统分析[M].北京:人民文学出版社,2013.
                  [2] 胡学星.试析果戈理喜剧的叙事模式[J].戏剧文学,2010(08).
                  [3] 布尔加科夫着,钱诚译.大师与玛格丽特[M].北京:人民文学出版社,1999.
                  [4] 杨黎兰.布尔加科夫的创作与文学传统——论大师与玛格丽特的文体与风格特征[D].2003.
                  [5] 梁坤.耶舒阿·伽·诺茨里:以东正教之心领受的耶稣——《大师和玛格丽特》的宗教文化阐释[J].俄罗斯文艺.2015.03.
                棋牌大全下载安装   [6] 季明举.手稿是烧不毁的:大师与玛格丽特中的三次谈话[J].外国文学研究,2012.02.

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