棋牌大全下载安装

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                          • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 小说《布莱尔小姐》中戏剧性刻画

                            小说《布莱尔小姐》中戏剧性刻画

                            时间:2018-12-19 10:17作者:郑淑娟
                            本文导读:这是一篇关于小说《布莱尔小姐》中戏剧性刻画的文章,新西兰短篇小说家曼斯菲尔德将其戏剧性人生投射到其写作中,使得其作品也充满着戏剧性。其短篇小说《布莱尔小姐》在1999年被新西兰剧作家以音乐剧的形式呈现于舞台上,这充分印证了其戏剧化的写作风格。

                              摘    要: 曼斯菲尔德的短篇小说《布莱尔小姐》描述了独居在法国的单身老处女布莱尔的戏剧性人生。以戏剧性为主线,在小说文本中,曼斯菲尔德通过戏剧性场景的设置,打造了两个不同的舞台,将戏剧演出中“第四堵墙”在文本中进行了呈现与消弭;通过采用第三人称有限视角的叙事方式将戏剧性独白与对话进行淋漓尽致的运用;此外,戏剧性音乐贯穿了整个故事,增强了文本的叙事性效果,刻画了布莱尔小姐的悲剧人生。

                              关键词: 《布莱尔小姐》; “戏剧性”; 音乐;

                              Abstract:棋牌大全下载安装 Miss Brill presents the old British bachelor Miss Brill's tragic theatrical life in France.By deliberately designing theatrical stages,Catherine Mansfield presents and then terminates the “Fourth Wall”in the text;by applying the third-person limited point of view,Mansfield makes the best use of the dramatic monologue and dialogue.Furthermore,music also plays an important role in creating the theatrical effects in the story,intensifying the aesthetical effect of the tragedy.

                              Keyword: Miss Brill; “theatricality”; music;

                              0 、引言

                              XINXILANDUANPIANXIAOSHUOJIAMANSIFEIERDEJIANGQIXIJUXINGRENSHENGTOUSHEDAOQIXIEZUOZHONG,SHIDEQIZUOPINYECHONGMANZHEXIJUXING。QIDUANPIANXIAOSHUO《BULAIERXIAOJIE》ZAI1999NIANBEIXINXILANJUZUOJIAYIYINLEJUDEXINGSHICHENGXIANYUWUTAISHANG,ZHEICHONGFENYINZHENGLEQIXIJUHUADEXIEZUOFENGGE。ZAIXIAOSHUO《BULAIERXIAOJIE》ZHONG,MANSIFEIERDEYUNYONGLEXIJUXINGDUBAIYUDUIHUA、XIJUXINGCHANGJINGYUYINLE,YOUXIAODIYUXIAOSHUOZHONGDEXUSHIYINSUXIANGJIEHE,KEHUALEBULAIERXIAOJIEDEBEIJURENSHENG。

                              1、“戏剧性”概念

                              汉语的“戏剧性”一词在英语中有两个对应的单词“dramatism”和“theatricality”。古希腊亚里士多德最早对“drama”的内涵进行了阐释,从文学的构成性(戏剧的情节、结构、语言等)界定了戏剧性(dramatism)的含义。而“theatricality”则最早出现在托马斯·卡莱尔(Thomas Carlyle)的作品《法国大革命》中,更多地着眼于戏剧的舞台呈现。尽管从历史角度看,学界对于“戏剧性”一词的侧重点的分歧一直存在,但是“当一部完整的戏剧作品被‘立’在舞台上时,这两者就完全融为一体,不可分割了。文学构成中的戏剧性为舞台呈现中的戏剧性提供了思想感情的基础、灵感的源泉与行为的动力;后者则赋予了前者以美的、可感知的外形,也可以说,后者为观众进入前者深邃的宅院,提供了一把开门的钥匙。这两者的完美结合,便是戏剧性的最佳状态”[1]。这种“戏剧性指能让人主动脱离、疏远正义者遭受的痛苦,或者对此痛苦冷眼旁观并自我反思,从而保持自我批判距离的各种效力”[2]153。谭霈生也指出,“戏剧性”是在假定的情境中展开直观的动作,而这样的情境又能产生悬念、导致冲突,悬念吸引诱导着观众,使他们通过因果相承的动作洞察到人物性格和人物关系的本质。[3]234学界一般认为,戏剧性应该包括戏剧动作、戏剧冲突、戏剧情境三要素。“戏剧性”强调自我意识和情感的自我投射。本文认为,短篇小说《布莱尔小姐》中充满了戏剧性。小说中的主人公有时似乎置身于世俗之外,以观众的角度欣赏戏剧性的世界;有时又有意识地以演员身份参与戏剧的演出。布莱尔小姐的戏剧性人生最终在现实重磅打击之下,土崩瓦解。
                             

                            小说《布莱尔小姐》中戏剧性刻画
                             

                              YIXIJUXINGWEIZHUXIAN,BENWENJIANGTAOLUNXIAOSHUOYUNYONGXIJUXINGCHANGJINGSHEZHI、XIJUXINGDUBAIYUDUIHUA、XIJUXINGYINLELAIZHENGSHIDUANPIANXIAOSHUO《BULAIERXIAOJIE》RUHEYIXIJUXINGWENBENDEXIEZUOFANGSHILAIKEHUAYIWEIGUDUDELAONIANNVXINGDEBEIJURENSHENG。

                              2、 戏剧性场景设置

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                              3、 戏剧性独白与对话

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                              “KESHIWEISHENME?SHIYINWEIZUOZAINEIYITOUDENEIGEYUCHUNDELAOJIAHUOMA?”XIAOHUOZIWEN。“TAWEISHENMEYAODAOZHEILILAI———SHEIXUYAOTA?TAWEISHENMEBUBATANEIFUYUCHUNDEZUNRONGLIUZAIJIALI?”

                              “TADENEITIAOPIWEIJINTAIHUAJILE。”GUNIANGHAHADIXIAOZHESHUO,“HEYITIAOZHAXUEYUWANQUANYIYANG。”[5]23

                            棋牌大全下载安装   DUIHUAZHEHEZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDETINGHUAZHEZHIJIANXINGCHENGQIANGQUANYURUOSHIDEGUANXI。HEIGEERRENWEI:“ZHENZHENGDEBEIJUXINGCHONGTUKEYITONGGUOZHEIYANGLIANGZHONGFANGSHIDEDAOJIEJUE(DADAOHEJIE):YIZHONGSHICHONGTUDESHUANGFANGJUNZAOHUIMIE;LINGYIZHONGSHICHONGTUDESHUANGFANGQIZHONGYOUYIFANGSHIXINGTUIRANG,CHEHUIYUANXIANDENEIZHONGPIANMIANXINGYAOQIU,BINGYUSHUANGFANGHEJIE。”[8]311ZAIQIANGQUANZHIXIA,BULAIERBIEWUXUANZE,“ZHEISHIYIGEWUTAI”HUANXIANGDECHEDIPOMIE,ZHIQIANBULAIERZIWOGOUJIANDESHENGHUOYIYICHANEIJIANXIAOSHI,BEIJUZUIZHONGXINGCHENG。

                              4 、戏剧性音乐

                              《BULAIERXIAOJIE》LINGYIGETUCHUDETEZHENGSHIXIJUXINGYINLEDESHIYONG。XIAOSHUOJIEZHUYUYINLEDEXUSHIGONGNENG(JINGUANYINLEDEXUSHIGONGNENGJIAORUO),BINGYOUXIAODILIYONGLEYINLESHUFAQINGGAN、MIAOXIECHONGTUHEYINGZAOFENWEIDEZHUYAOGONGNENG。YINLEDEZHUYAOMUDESHIWEILENENGXIYINDUZHEBINGGANDONGDUZHE,JIDUZHEYISHENMEIDEXIANGSHOU,ZAOCHENGDUZHEXINLISHANGJIZAIYUQIZHINEIYOUCHAOCHUYUQIDEXINLITIYAN。

                              SHOUXIAN,YINLEYISHUZHONGYINLEDEYUNDONGFANGSHIYUXIJUXINGDEZHANGLIMOSHIZHIJIANCUNZAIMOUZHONGDUIYINGDEGUANXI。XIAOSHUOTONGGUOMIAOXIELEDUISUOFACHUDEBUTONGSHENGXIANGLAIZHIZAOBUPINGHENGDEXIAOGUO,TONGGUODIAOJIEYINLEDEJIEZOU、LIDUHEYINGAOLAIDIAODONGDUZHEDEQINGXU。XIAOSHUOKAISHI,DANGBULAIERXIAOJIELAIDAOGONGYUANSHI,LEDUIDEYANZOUSHITACHONGMANYUYUEZHIQING:“ZHEISHICHUANLAI‘ZHANGDIBAN’ROUHEQINGLIANGDEYIXIAODUANYINLE———SHIFENYUEER———YIZHANGCHUANHUOPODEJIJIANG。”[5]33QINGCHEHUOPODEXUANLVHEDUIYANCHUZHEQIAOPIDEBIYUTOULUCHUZHURENGONGHUANKUAIDEQINGXU。

                              YINLEDESHUQINGXINGZAIYICICHUXIANSHILEDUIZAIXIUXIYIDUANSHIJIANHOUDEZHONGXINYANZOU。

                              “TAMENYANZOUDELEQURELIE、MINGKUAI……QUDIAOSHENGHUA,SHENGHUA,YANGGUANGCANLAN,BULIERXIAOJIEGANDAOZAIGUOYIHUIERTAMENSUOYOUDEREN,JUTUANQUANTIRENYUANDOUHUICHANGQILAI。NEIXIENIANQINGDEREN,NEIXIEZAIYIQIHUODONGDEXIAOZHEDERENHUIXIANKAISHIGECHANG,RANHOUJIANDINGYONGGANDENANSHENGHUIJIARUJINLAI,RANHOUTAYEJIARU,HAIYOUZHANGDENGSHANGZUOZHEDEQITAREN———TAMENHUIYIBANCHANGDEXINGSHIJIARUJINLAI———SHENGYINHENDI,JIHUMEIYOUQIFU,FEICHANGDONGTING———GANREN……”[5]33

                              ZHEIDUANYINLEDEZUOYONGZAIYUTADANDANGQIXUSHIGUOCHENGZHONGDEQIAOLIANG,TACHUXIANZAIYIGEXIJUCHONGTUGUOHOUDEHUANCHONGDIDAI,WEIXIAYIGEGENGWEIJULIEDECHONGTUZUOHAOZHUNBEI,DANGZHURENGONGJINGLIGUOYIDUANXIJUXINGCHONGTUDEXILIZHIHOU,NEIXINHUICHANSHENGQIANGLIEDEQINGSUYUWANG,DANSHIDUIYUBULAIERXIAOJIEERYAN,TAMEIYOUSHIJIDEQINGSUDUIXIANG,YINWEITADESUOYOUQINGGANDOUBEITOUSHEYUYINLEZHIZHONG,YINERCISHIYINLEDESHUQINGXINGYEJIUYUEFAQIANGLIE。BUTONGYUCHUNYINLE,CHUANCHAYUXIAOSHUOZHONGDEYINLESHISUZAORENWUXINGGE、TUIDONGQINGJIEFAZHANDEZHONGYAOYINSU。ZHEICIDEYINLESHIYIZHONGFUDIAOXINGYINLE,YOUZHUCHANG,YOUBANCHANG,XINGCHENGYIZHONGCIQIBIFU、NIZHUIWOGANDESHITOU,YINLEDEXIJUXINGZAI“YINXIANGLIU”ZHONGDEYIWANZHENGDITIXIAN,ZHENGRUWAGENASUOYAN:“YINLEJIASHICHENMOBIANYOUSHENGDEKEKAOXINGSHI‘WUZHONGXUANLV’。”DANSHIYINLEZHONG“TOUZHEYISILIANGYI———YIZHONGNANYIYANZHUANGDEDONGXI。SHISHENMENI?———BUSHIBEIAI———BU,BUSHIBEIAI———SHIYIZHONGSHINIXIANGCHANGGEDEQIFEN”[5]33,YOUSHIXIAOSHUODEXUSHIXINGDEYIZHANKAI。

                              QICI,YINLEZAIXIAOSHUOZHONGDEXIJUXINGHAITIXIANZAIQISUOSHEZHIDECHONGTUXING。LEDUIDIYICIHEDIERCICHUXIANSHI,SUIYOUBUHEXIEYINSUDECUNZAI,DANZHUTISHANGLEDUIDEYINLECHONGMANLANGMANXING:XUANLVDESHUQINGXINGHEHESHENGDEZHANSHIHUOXIANGXIANG。RANER,QIDIERCICHUXIANSHIZAIXIYUEDEXINTAIHEYANKUXIANSHIDECHONGTUJICHUZHISHANGDE,ZHEIJIUWEIXIAOSHUOHOULAIDEFAZHANJINYIBUDIANDINGLEJICHU,JIAQIANGLEXIAOSHUODEBEIJUXING。DANGBULAIERXIAOJIEDUIGONGYUANZHONGHUANLEDERENQUNJINXINGYOUQUDEGUANCHABINGWEIZHITAOZUISHI,TAYEMUDULEYIGECHUANZHEHANSUANDELAOJINVJIELIQUGOUYINYIGELAONANREN,YOUCANZAOJUJUEDECHANGMIAN。DIAOPIWUYANMAOJINVDEJIONGPOHE“HUANKUAIDE”XIAOYULEDUIDEYINLEXINGCHENGMINGXIANDEDUIBI。LEDUIQINGROUDIYANZOUZHE,GUDIANSHENGYIBIANYOUYIBIANDIQIAOCHU:“CHUSHENG!CHUSHENG!”ZHEIYEZHENGSHIBULAIERNEIXINSUOXIANG,YINWEILAONIANNVXINGZUNYANDEDANGRANWUCUNSHITAGANDAOBEIAI。CICHUYINLEDEXUANLVYUSHENGBUJIAOZHIFANGSHIDEMINGXIANDUIBIXING,ZAIBULAIERXIAOJIENEIXINJILIEDEQINGGANHEWAIBUYOUYIDIYAYITAOLIXINGCHENGXIJUXINGZHANGLI,ZHEIZHONGTAOLIDEFANGSHIYUHAIMINGWEIZAI《DASHUANGXINHE》ZHONGSUOYONGDEBAIMIAOSHOUFAXIANGSI———YIDUIWAIBUSHIWUQIANCENGXIANXIANGDEYOUYIZHUANZHULAIBIMIANXINLINGSHENCHUDEBOLANQIFU。BULAIERQIANGPOZIJIGANSHOUDAOLEDUIDEHUANKUAIERBUSHIFENNU,CONGQIANYISHIZHONGMINGLINGZIJIXIANGXINSHINEIGECHADIANBEISIGEBINGPAIZOUZHEDEGUNIANGZHUANGDAODELAOTOUHUAJIERBUQUQIANZENIANQINGRENDEWULI。BULAIERJIYUZAIYINLEDEYINDAOXIA,TONGGUOSHIJUEDEZHUANYILAIXIAOJIENEIXINDEYOUJU。

                              ZAIXIAOSHUODEJIEWEI,MANSIFEIERDEGENGSHICHONGFENLIYONGLEYINGYUDANCIBENSHENDEYUYINCHAYIJIANGBULAIERDEBEIJUTUIXIANGGAOCHAO。YUZAIMIAOXIEQINGCHUNSHAONIANDEXIXICHANGJINGSHISUOXUANZEDEZHUYAOFAQINGFUYIN、MOCAYINHEBIYINDEDANCIBUTONG,XIAOSHUODEZUIHOUYIDUANZHONGGENGDUODISHIYONGLEFABAOPOYINDEDANCI。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   But to-day she passed the baker’s by,climbed the stairs,went into the little dark room-her room like a cupboard-and sat down on the red eiderdown.She sat there for a long time.The box that the fur came out of was on the bed.She unclasped the necklet quickly;quickly,without looking,laid it inside.But when she put the lid on she thought she heard something crying.[5]33

                              BAOPOYINSHIZHIFAYINQIGUANZAIKOUQIANGZHONGXINGCHENGZUAI,RANHOUQILIUCHONGPOZUAIERFACHUDEYIN。YINGYUZHONGYOU6GEWANQUANBAOPOYIN,JI/p/,/b/,/t/,/d/,/k/HE/g/。XIAOSHUOJIEWEIDE67GEDANCIZHONG,CHULEJIGEGUANCIWAI,JIHUDOUSHIHANYOUWANQUANBAOPOYINDEDANCI。DUZHEZAILANGDUWENBENSHIKEYIQIANGLIEGANSHOUDAOBULAIERYIZHITAOBIYAYI、ZIQIQIRENDEQINGGANTURANBENGKUISHIDENEIZHONGJUEWANGZHIQING。

                              5、 结语

                            棋牌大全下载安装   LVJUFAGUODEYINGGUODANSHENLAONVRENBULAIERSHENGCUNDEXINLIJICHUJIUSHIXIJUHEBIAOYAN。ZAITAKANLAI,TARENDOUSHENGHUOZAIXIJUZHIZHONG,ZHIYOUZIJISHIGAOGAOZAISHANGDEGUANCHAZHE,ZUOWEIGUANZHONGQUXINSHANGTARENDEBIAOYAN。SHUBUZHI,ZAITAGUANKANTARENDETONGSHI,TAYECHENGWEILEBEIGUANKANZHE。DANGZUIZHONGHENGGENZAIKANKEHEBEIGUANKANZHEZHIJIANDEJULIBEIQIANGXINGDAPOZHISHI,YESHIBULAIERZHENZHENGRENSHIDAOBEIJUXINGZIWODESHIKE。XIAOSHUOZHONGDISANRENCHENGDEYOUXIANXUSHISHIJIAO,YINDAODUZHEZHUJIANKANQINGBULAIERDEXIJUXINGRENSHENGGUANBUGUOSHITAYANSHI、WEIZHUANGZIJIDEZHENQINGSHIGAN,TAOBIXIANSHIDEYIZHONGFANGSHI。CHUYUGUANCHAZHUTIDEBULAIERBUGUOSHIYIGEHUANXIANG,YIDANTASHITUCANYUXIJUZHIZHONG,BEIJUBIANBUKEBIMIAN。

                              参考文献

                              [1]董健.戏剧性简论[J].戏剧艺术,2003(6):4-15.
                              [2] Davies,Tracy C.Theatricality and civil society[C]∥Tracy C.Davis and Thomas Postlewait.Theatricality.Cambridge:Cambridge University,2003.
                              [3]谭霈生.论戏剧性[M].北京:北京大学出版社,1984.
                              [4] 李渔.闲情偶寄·演习部·选剧第一[C]∥李渔全集.北京:线装书局,2016.
                              [5] Mansfield Katherine.Miss Brill[C]∥The Collected Short Stories of Katherine Mansfield.London:Penguin Books,2007.
                              [6] Short,Culpeper J.&Verdonk,P(eds.).Exploring the Language of Drama—from Text to Context[M].London:Routledge,1998.
                              [7] 侯维瑞.现代英国小说史[M].上海:上海外语教育出版社,1999.
                              [8]程孟辉.西方悲剧学说史[M].北京:中国人民大学出版社,1994.

                              注释

                            棋牌大全下载安装   1BENWENSUOYIN《BULAIERXIAOJIE》DEZHONGYIWENWENBENJUNYOUBENWENZUOZHEFANYI,XIABUZHUISHU。

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