棋牌大全下载安装

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                        1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 回忆录《剥洋葱》和小说《铁皮鼓》的交织

                          回忆录《剥洋葱》和小说《铁皮鼓》的交织

                          时间:2018-12-30 09:14作者:胡松杰
                          本文导读:这是一篇关于回忆录《剥洋葱》和小说《铁皮鼓》的交织的文章,铁皮鼓》是一部自述体小说,主人公奥斯卡30岁生日来临前在精神病院白漆栏杆的病床上让护理员买来“清白”的纸,敲响珍爱的铁皮鼓,追忆一生写下自供状。

                            摘    要: 诺贝尔文学奖得主君特·格拉斯在耄耋之年出版了回忆录《剥洋葱》直接披露了自己、他人以及国家的纳粹罪责,而其实早在其1959年出版的第一部长篇小说《铁皮鼓》中,作者就以艺术隐喻的方式借奥斯卡之口对罪责加以讲述。“耻辱”和“辩白”在洋葱皮上沙沙作响,而最本质的罪责是“我沉默”。时隔四十七年,回忆录《剥洋葱》和小说《铁皮鼓》相互交缠,记录着一个人、一个国家乃至一个时代的洋葱皮上的罪责。

                            关键词: 耻辱; 辩白; 沉默; 《铁皮鼓》; 《剥洋葱》;

                            Abstract: Günter Grass,the winner of Nobel Prize in literature,published a memoir named “Peeling the Onion” which directly revealed the culpability of himself,others and the country. In fact,the author had told the culpability in the manner of an artistic metaphor through the mouth of Oscar as early as 1959. “Humiliation” and “Explanation” are rustling on the skins of onion,and the very essence of the culpability is “I am silent”. After 47 years,the memoir “Peeling the Onion” and the novel “The Tin Drum” intertwined records the culpability on onion skins of a man,a country and an age.

                            Keyword: humiliation; explanation; silence; “The Tin Drum”; “Peeling the Onion”;

                            一、洋葱地窖与剥洋葱

                            《TIEPIGU》SHIYIBUZISHUTIXIAOSHUO,ZHURENGONGAOSIKA30SUISHENGRILAILINQIANZAIJINGSHENBINGYUANBAIQILANGANDEBINGCHUANGSHANGRANGHULIYUANMAILAI“QINGBAI”DEZHI,QIAOXIANGZHENAIDETIEPIGU,ZHUIYIYISHENGXIEXIAZIGONGZHUANG。BAISEDELANGANYUQINGBAIDEZHIXIANGZHENGDESHIQINGBAI、CHUNJIEHEHAOWUYINMAN,AOSIKASHIWUSHIJIZUIEDE,DANSHITAQUEZHIJIECANYUHUOJIANJIEDAOZHILESHENBIANRENDESIWANG。ZHURUDESHENCAISHITAQINGYITAOTUOZUIZEDEYANHU,ZAIJINGLIZHONGDUOSHIJIANZHIHOUYANERENSHI,ZIWOXUNZHAOHENIEZAOZUIZE,JINRULIAOYANGYUHULIYUANBISHI。

                            《铁皮鼓》第三篇中的《在洋葱地窖里》特别引人注目。“洋葱地窖”是个并非人人都可以进去消费的奢侈场所,而“洋葱地窖虽然价钱贵,但同样也是可靠的、货真价实的”。[1](P504)地窖本来就是一个真正的、甚至还有点潮湿的地窖,附加回廊的鸡棚梯子、矿工用的电石灯、普通木箱的座位,没有酒柜,没有菜单,每位顾客被奉上最新鲜的洋葱:“慈悲的施主,款待来客,分给他们洋葱,同从他方巾上看到的金黄色的、略显程式化的洋葱一样,普通的洋葱,球根植物,不是鳞茎洋葱,是家庭主妇买进的洋葱,蔬菜女贩出售的洋葱,男农民、女农民或女雇农种植和收获的洋葱。”[2](P506)地点和消费品的真实可靠让每一位顾客感到信任和踏实。这里的“客人有:商人、医生、律师、艺术家、舞台艺术家、记者、电影界人士、知名运动员、州政府和市政府高级官员,简而言之,全都是今天称之为知识分子的人们……他们想交谈,但谈不起来,想得好好的,一讲就离题;他们全都愿意把话讲出来,打算真正把什么话都掏出来,把憋在肝里的、悬在心上的、填在肺里的话全都掏出来,不通过大脑,让人看看事实真相,看看一丝不挂的真人,可是办不到”。[2](P505)直到施穆将洋葱方巾的一端甩到左肩上,客人们开始动手剥洋葱皮,变得热泪盈眶。客人哭够之后便向邻座推心置腹、刨根问底,将所有伪装全部扯下,甚至对自己说出的毫不加掩饰的话而大为惊异,在那个战后的无泪世纪,眼泪和真实显得无比的珍贵。“自白、自责、忏悔、揭发、承认”,[2](P508)这便是洋葱的魔力。
                           

                          回忆录《剥洋葱》和小说《铁皮鼓》的交织
                           

                          棋牌大全下载安装   ZHEIZHONGZIWOFANSHENGDE、SHUOZHENHUADEMOLIZAISHIGESISHIQINIANDERENSHENGJICHUANTI《BOYANGCONG》ZHONGYIJIUFAHUIZUOYONG,JUNTE·GELASIJIANGSHULEZIJIWUFAWANGHUAIDEYIDUANRENSHENG:“WOSUOXIEDEGUANHU‘CHI’YUSUIZHIERLAIDE‘KUI’。YINWEIZHEIGEYIZHIYAYIZHEWO,ERWOCHENMOZHEIMEDUONIANSHIWOWEISHENMEXIEZHEIBENSHUDELIYOU。”SUIRANZUOWEINACUICANYUZHE,DANSHITAWEIFAYIQIANG,SHOUSHANGBEIFU。JUNTE·GELASIYESHIWUSHIJIZUIEDE,DANSHITANEIXINCHONGMANZHE“CHI”HE“KUI”。ZAOZAIXIAOSHUO《TIEPIGU》ZHONGJIEAOSIKAZHIKOUJIANGSHULEZIJI、TARENYIJIGUOJIADEZUIZE。AOSIKAZIGONGZHUANGLIDEXUJIAYUZHENSHI,“ZIWORENZUI”、“ZIWOTUOZUI”YU“JITIZUIZE”,MIMIMAMAXIEMANDESHIZUOZHEJUNTE·GELASIDEZIGONGZHUANG。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   “HUIYIJIUXIANGYIKEYAOBOPIDEYANGCONG……DIYICENGYANGCONGPISHIGANBABADE,YIPENGJIUSHASHAZUOXIANG。XIAMIANYICENGGANGBOKAI,BIANLUCHUSHILULUDEDISANCENG,JIEZHEJIUSHIDISICENGDIWUCENGZAIQIEQIESIYU,DENGDAISHANGCHANG。MEIYICENGDEYANGCONGPIDOUCHUHANSIDESHENCHUZHANGQIHUIBIDECIYU,WAIJIAHUALIHUSHAODEZIFU,SIHUSHIYIGEGUZUOSHENMIDERENCONGERSHIQI,YANGCONGCONGFAYASHIQI,JIUXIANGYAOBAZIJIBIANCHENGMIMA。”[1](P4-5)JUNTE·GELASIBOKAIYICENGYOUYICENGWEIZHUANGDEJIYI,POYIJIYIDEMIMA,ZHIBIZHENSHI,JIANGSHUNEIXIN。“CHIRU”HE“BIANBAI”ZAIYANGCONGPISHANGSHASHAZUOXIANG,ERZUIBENZHIDEZUIZESHI“WOCHENMO”。

                            二、耻辱:在洋葱的第六层或第七层皮上

                            XIANSHISHENGHUOZHONG,JUNTE·GELASIDEBIAOJIUZAICANJIABOLANYOUJUBAOWEIZHANSHIXISHENG,DANSHIJIARENDANGNIANDUICIQUEHUIMORUSHENBIKOUBUTAN,CENGJINGSHOUHUANYINGDEBIAOJIUSIHUCONGWEICUNZAIGUO,ZHEISHIWEISHENME?KE“LIANWOYEMEIYOUZAISANTIWEN,JINGUANSUIZHEZHANZHENGDEBAOFAWODETONGNIANYEJIESHULE。HUOZHESHUO,WOBUGANTIWENLE,YINWEIWOBUZAISHIHAIZILE?NANDAOXIANGTONGHUALINEIYANG,WEIDUHAIZICAINENGTICHUZHENGQUEDEWENTI?MOFEIWOSHIYINWEIHAIPADEDAOYIGEDIANDAOHEIBAIDEHUIDA,SUOYIGANCUIJIUBUTIWENLE?ZHEISHIBUYUANZHANGYANGDECHIRU,JIUZAINEIGEXISONGPINGCHANG、SUISHOUKEQU、NENGJIHUOJIYIDEYANGCONGDEDILIUCENGHUODIQICENGPISHANG。WOXIEZHEIZHONGCHIRU,XIEZHEIZHONGSUIZHECHIRUERLAIDENEIXINXIUKUI。”[1](P11)

                            HAITONGDEXINGXIANGKEYISHIAOSIKASUIYIDUOZANGZAIRENHEJIAOLUO,SUIYICANYURENHEMINGANYOUWEIXIANDESHIJIAN,TASHIGEWANMEIDEJIANZHENGREN,YESHIYIGEYINXINGDECANYUZHE。AOSIKACONGCHUSHENGKAISHIJIUJUBEILECHENGSHUDEZHIHUI,AIXIAODEZHISHITADESHENTI,BINGFEISHITADEJINGSHEN,AOSIKAMINGBAIYIQIE,AOSIKACONGBUTIWEN。1939NIAN9YUE1RI,ERZHANBAOFAQIANYE,GUOJIAGUANYUANYANG·BULANGSIJIBEIQIZIJIDEZHISHOUYIJINGTAOZOU,QUEYINWEIAOSIKAJIXUXIULIDETIEPIGUZHONGXINHUIDAOBOLANYOUJU,ZAIBOLANYOUJUBAOWEIZHANZHONGXISHENG,AOSIKACHENGWEIJIANGTASONGWANGSIWANGDEMOGUI。YOUJUKEGONGAOSIKAWANSHUADEERTONGSHIYUCANKUDEZHANCHANGZHIJIANCHANSHENGLEQIANGDADEYISHUZHANGLI,CHANGMIANXIXUEHUAJI,SHIFENHUANGDAN。“WOMENDAJIADOUHENXINGYUN:KEBIAILABAOZHULETADEJIAOAO,YANG·BULANGSIJIZHONGXINZHAODAOLESANSHIERZHANGPAI,BAOKUOHEITAOQI,AOSIKADEDAOLEYIMIANXINDETIEPIGU。”[2](P221)ZHENGGEBOLANYOUJUBAOWEIZHANJIUXIANGYILUANJISHI,RUOXIAOWUGUDERENYUANZAIWANQIANGDIKANGZHONGCUIRUOXISHENG,CHULEKUAIGUOSHIWUSUISHENGRIDEAOSIKA,MEIGECHENGNIANRENDOUZAIHAIPA。“SHIKATE!WOMENWANSHIKATE,YIZHIWANDAOBAOWEIZHANCHEDISHIBAI。”[2](P224)KEBIAILA、JIAXIANGFUQINYANGHEAOSIKAZUCHENGLEWANPAISANRENZULAIXIAOMOSHIJIAN,FENSANZHUYILI,JIANHUANHAIPA,KEYANZHONGSHOUSHANGLIUXUEGUODUODEKEBIAILAZUIZHONGHAISHIDAOXIALE,JIANQIANGDEAOSIKAANWEIJIAXIANGFUYANG,JIAOCHULEDIYISHENGDEBABA:“RANGTAQUBA,BABA。TASILE,BUHUIWANPAILE。NIYAOSHIYUANYIDEHUA,WOMENLAIWANLIUSHILIUDIANBA!”[2](P229)

                            XIANSHIZHONGDEYUANXING,ZAIBOLANYOUJUBAOWEIZHANZHONGXISHENGDEBIAOJIUTONGYANGZHISHIYIGEBOLANYOUJUDEXIAOZHIYUAN,YIGEPUPUTONGTONGXIANGWANGSHISUXINGFUDEREN,DANSHIQUEWEIZHENGYIHEGUOJIAXUANZELEYINGYONGXISHENG。“TADANXIAOPASHI,AICAOXIN,HENGUJIA,BINGBUSHENGLAIJIUSHISHISIRUGUIDEYINGXIONG、HOULAIJUSHUOMINGZIYONGBOLANWENJUANKEZAIJINIANTONGPAISHANGYONGCHUIBUXIU。”[1](P11-12)BOLANYOUJUBAOWEIZHANZAIZHANHOUCHANGCHANGBEIHOURENBIYUCHENGYIGEYINGXIONGDEGUSHI——DAWEIHEGELIYAJUEDOUDEGUSHI,DANSHIZAIGANGZHANBAIHOUMIANDUIZHEIXIEYINGYONGSHOUWEIDEYINGXIONG,QITARENCAIQUDEQUESHIHUIBIDETAIDU,XIANGSHIDUOBIWENYIYIYANGSHENGPAZIJIGENZHEIXIERENYOUSHENMEGUANXIZAODAOQIANLIANERCANZAOBUXING。KASHUBEIRENSHIQIANGTOUCAO,JUNTE·GELASIDEYUESEFUBIAOJIUZAIZHANZHENGBAOFAQIANCONGJUZILIQUCHUYIMIANSHIBOLANQI,LINGYIMIANSHINACUIDEQIZISHENGCHENG:“XIANZAIYAOSHIDAZHANGLE,WOJIUSHANGSHUQU,QIAOQIAOSHINABIANDERENXIANGUOLAI,RANHOUWOJIUCHASHANGQIZI,BUSHIZHEIMIANJIUSHINEIMIAN。”[1](P33)SUOYI,CENGJINGDEBAOKUOJUNTE·GELASIZAINEIDEDANZEJUMINTONGAOSIKAYIYANGDOUSHICANYUZHANZHENGSIWANGRENDEGUIZISHOU,BANYANZHESUOTOUWUGUIDEJIAOSE,ZHEISHIBEILIEDECHIRU,ZHEISHIWUJINDEXIUKUI。ERMOGUIAOSIKASIHUGENGYOUSHANEDEBIANBIELI,JISHIXIAOSHUOZHONGDEZHANDOUMIAOXIESHIYONGDESHIQUYINGXIONGHUADEYOUXIKOUWEN,DANBIJINGYINWEIYANGDEXIANSHEN,AOSIKAQUERENLEYANGDESHENFEN,BATAFENGWEIZIJIDEFUQINLAIZUNJING:“WOJIANXINYANGBUZHISHIWODEBIAOJIU,WODEJIAXIANGDEFUQIN,ERQIESHIWOZHENZHENGDEFUQIN。ZHEISHIYANGYIYUEERJUYULINGXIANDIWEI,BINGYONGYUANTONGMACELATEQUBIEKAILAI,YINWEIMACELATEYAOMESHIWODEFUQIN,YAOMESHENMEYEBUSHI。”[2](P234)HUANJUHUASHUO,YANGCHULESHIWODEFUQIN,HAISHIBAOJIAWEIGUODEYINGXIONG。

                            三、辩白:在洋葱的第八层皮上

                            MIANDUINACUIFANXIADETAOTIANDAZUI,CANYUQIZHONGDERENDOUXIANGJIJIN“ZUIXINGQINGWEIZHE”DEXINGLIE。“ZHEIYANGDEZUIXINGQINGWEIZHE,DAOLEHOULAIZHENSHISHUBUSHENGSHU。CHULELVXINGYIWUZHIWAI,WUFAZHENGMINGTAMENHAIYOUBIEDEZUIXING。TAMENQISHENGGAOCHANG:‘ZAINEIGENIANDAI,MEIYOUMEIHAODEGUOJIA……’ZUOWEIBEIWUDAOZHEHEBEIMIHUOZHE,TAMENNENGJUCHUYILIANCHUANKESHIZIJIZUIXINGJIANQINGDEYINSU,ZHUANGCHUTIANZHENWUXIEDEYANGZI,HUXIANGZHENGMINGDANGCHUQUESHIHULIHUTU、HAOBUZHIQING。WOYEYIYANG,BANCHUBIEJIAODETUOCI,QIZAIWUGUDEGAOYANGBEISHANG,ZHEIXIEDOUTINGGUANYONG,ZHIYAOYANGCONGPISHANGYOUXIEYINGTOUXIAOZIDEJIAOZHU,QIAOSHERUHUANGDISHUOXIEYISHI,CHONGMANHUANJINGTESEDEXUSHU,JIUXIANGDIDIDEYUSHUODE‘LAGUA’,ZHIZAIZHUANYISHIXIAN,RANGNIBUQUZHUYINEIXIEXIANGYAORANGRENWANGJIQUERENGRANHENGZAIYANQIANDESHIQING。”[1](P87)

                            10SUIDEJUNTE·GELASIZAIDANZEHAISHIZIYOUGUOJIADESHIHOUJIUWANQUANZIYUANDEJIARULESHAONIANTUAN,WEIJIANGLAIZHENGSHIJIARUXITELEQINGNIANTUANZUOZHUNBEI,BUTINGDIWAWACHANGGE、DONGDONGQIAOGU,ZIYUANCANYUQIZHONG,BUJINSHIXIANGDEDAOYOURENDEZHIFU,HAIYOUSHAONIANDEYINGXIONGMENGXIANG。12SUIDEJUNTE·GELASIDETONGNIANZAIPAOHUOZHONGJIESHU,ZHONGXUESHENGDETAMEITIANXIANGDESHIJIARUHAIJUN,ZUILISONGYANGDESHIYINGXIONG。“JIARUWOMENDANGSHIBUSHI……”“TANGRUOWOMENDANGSHIMEIYOU……”ERJUNTE·GELASIMEIYOU“BUSHI”,YEMEIYOU“MEIYOU”,TASHIQUEQUESHISHI、SHIFENLEYIDECANYUQIZHONGLE。RENDAOZHONGNIANDEJUNTE·GELASIZHIMIANLISHIZHIJINGZHONGDEZIJI,BUYONGTARENDAILAOTIGONGZUIZHENG、JIRENDINGXING、DASHANGLUOYIN,MEIZUORENHEHUAISHIDESHAXIAOZIZHUSHIZHEYANGCONGPIDIBACENGSHANGDEBIANBAI,BUYIBIERENJIANGTAYINXIANGQITUWEIJIEKOU,CHENGRENLEZIJIDEZUIZE,“YINWEIZUOWEIXITELEQINGNIANTUANDECHENGYUAN,WOBENLAIJIUSHIGEXIAONACUI”。[1](P36)

                            JUNTE·GELASIBA“ZIJISHUANGZHONGDEZIWOJINBIZAISHULI,BANGSHANGLESHUSHI”。[1](P10)“SHUANGZHONGDEZIWO”ZHIDESHIZUOWEI“TIANSHI”HE“MOGUI”DEZIWO,SHIJIQINGXINGYOUXUWEIDEZIWO,SHI“ZIWORENZUI”HE“ZIWOTUOZUI”DEBIANBAIDEZIWO。AOSIKAYANJUANLECHENGRENDESHIJIE,SHENSISHULVZHIHOUJUEDINGZAIZIJISANSUISHENGRIDESHIHOUJISUANHAOLEGAODUCONGDIJIAODEDIJIUJITAIJIEDIEXIA,CONGCIYONGYUANBAOCHILEYOUXIAOSANSUIHAITONGDESHENCAI,BINGQIEYOUSHISANBEICONGMINGDEREN,DINGGELETIANSHIYIBANDEYANGMAO,BINGCENGYIDUYAOJIETITONGZIYESU;TATONGSHISHOUHUOLECHANGSUIBOLIDEGONGNENG(MOGUINACUIZHADAN、SHOULIUDANDEWEILI),QIAOZHERUYUANYICHANGDEDAODEHONGBAIXIANGJIANDETIEPIGUCHENGWEIGUSHOUAOSIKA(XITELEYEBEICHENGWEIGUSHOU),GANLEHENDUOJIANBUDERENDEGOUDANG。TASHIJINGUZAITIANSHIWAIXINGZHONGDEMOGUI,JIESHOUE、CHUANGZAOE、CANYUE,AOSIKAGUANCHAYIQIE,AOSIKAHUIMIEYIQIE,AOSIKADUIYIQIEWUDONGYUZHONG。AOSIKADEZISHUSUISHIJIANMINGQUE,QUESHIBUKEKAOXUSHUDEWEIZICHUAN。30SUIDEAOSIKAZHANZAIGAOCHUHUIGU、PINGPANGUOQUDEZIJI:WOHAISILEWODEMUQIN,“RENRENDOUZHEIMESHUO,SHINEIGEZHURUQIAOGUBATAQIAOSIDE。YINWEIAOSIKADEYUANGU,TABUXIANGZAIHUOXIAQULE。SHIAOSIKABATAHAISIDE。”[2](P160)“JINGUANWOBAOHANZHONGSHENG,DANWOBUNENGFOUREN,WODEGU,BU,WOBENREN,GUSHOUAOSIKA,XIANZANGSONGLEWODEKELIANDEMAMA,ZHIHOUYOUJIANGYANG·BULANGSIJI——WODEBIAOJIUHEFUQINSONGJINLEFENMU。”[2](P234)“AOSIKACHENGRENTAXUYISHASILEMACELATE,YINWEINEIGERENGENJUYIQIEHUORANXINGBUJINSHITADEJIAXIANGDEFUQIN,ERQIESHITAXIANSHIDEFUQIN,YINWEIAOSIKAYANEYIBEIZIDETUOZHEYIGEFUQINSICHUBENBO……BIEZHENSHINIEZAIWOSHOULIDESHIHOUDAKAIDE。WOBAZHEIKUAIHUICIREN、HUIKAZHUDESHUIGUOTANGJIAOJILEMACELATE……TAYEJIUBEITAKAZHUERZHIXI——BEITADEDANG,BEIWO,BEITADEERZI。”[2](P392)ZAIZHEIZHONGJIDUJIAOSHICHANHUIDEZIWOGAOBAIZHONG,TABUDUANDIYOUYIHUOWUYIDEZIWOGUIZUIYOUZIWOBIANBAI,ZHEIZHONGFANSIZHIXIANGDEBUZHISHIZHURENGONGAOSIKA,HAIYOUMIANDUINACUIZUIZEBUDUANBIANBAIDEXIEZUOZHEJUNTE·GELASI,JUNTE·GELASIDEQINREN、PENGYOUHEQUANTIGUOMIN。《TIEPIGU》ZHONGCENGPINGJINGDEBUDONGSHENGSEDIYONGFANYUJIELUDAO:“AOSIKAHAISHIGUSHOUDESHIHOUJIUYIJINGDUOCISHIQUQINGBAI,DANSHIHOUYOUZHONGXINDEDAOTA,HUOZHERANGTAZHONGXINZHANGCHULAI,YINWEIQINGBAIHAOBIZACAO,BUDUANZISHENGMANYAN。”[2](P482)

                            ZUIEDEHEIYONGYUANYUEMOYUEHEI,XISHUABUBAI,WEIYOUZHIMIANZUIECAISHIWEIYIDEXUANZE。RENHERENDEZUIEDOUWUDAXIAOZHIFEN,CHENGFAYEWUQINGZHONGZHIBIE,XINLINGDEZUIESHIYONGYUANXIEBUDIAODEJIASUO。WUSUOWEI“ZUIXINGQINGWEIZHE”,DEGUOQUANMINJITIDUIZHANZHENGFUYOUZEREN。“JITIZUIZE”BUHUIQIANGJIAYUYIGERENDESHENSHANG,YEBUHUIYINWEIYOUQUANMINJITICHENGDANJIUSHIGERENZUIEJIANQING,RENHERENDOUBIEXIANGMIANZE。

                            四、沉默:在洋葱最嫩一层上

                            “YIGECIHUHUANLINGYIGECI。ZHAIHEZE,ZHAIWUDE‘ZHAI’HEZUIZEDE‘ZE’。ZHEILIANGGEZIRUCIXIANGJIN,ZAIDEYUDEWOTULIRUCILAOGUDIZHAXIALEGEN。RANERSHISHISHI:ZHAI,BUNANDUIFU……ERZE,WULUNSHIZHENGSHILEDE、YANGAIZHEDEHAISHIJINJINCHUYUCAIXIANGDEZUIZE,QUEQINGCHUBULE……TASHIBUNUOWODEJIDIAN,QUBUDIAODEWUZI,TIANBUGANDESHUIWA……RANER,YANGCONGPIYICENGYICENGDISHOUSUOHOU,ZUINENDENEICENGSHANGHAISHISHIZHONGXIEZHE‘ZE’……DUIWOLAISHUO,YANJIANYIGAIDESANZIMINGWENYIQINGERCHU:WOCHENMO。”[1](P29)

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                            JUNTE·GELASICENGJINGSHUOGUO,TAHEZHEIGEHENXIANGTADERENDUICUNZAIZHUYIYOUZHEZHIZHEDEPIANAI,CUNZAIZHUYISHIHEDEGUODEFEIXUZHUANGKUANG,SHIHE“HEIANNIANDAI”DEXINGCUNZHE,TAHAIYINYONGLEHAIDEGEERDE“BEIPAO”GAINIANLAIJIAYISHUOMING。AOSIKADECHUSHENGJIUSHI“BEIPAO”YUZHEIGESHIJIESHANGDE,MEIRENWENTAXIANGBUXIANGCHUSHENG,ERSHIZHEIGEYUNNIANGNACUIDEANHEISHIJIEYIJINGCUNZAI,AOSIKAWUYUANWUGUDE、CUOWUDEBEIPAODAOZHEISHIJIESHANGLAI,JIYUCITAXUANZELEJUJUECHENGZHANG。RENDECHENGZHANGSHIYIGESHEHUIHUADEGUOCHENG,ERAOSIKAYONGZIJIDEGUHEJUJUEZHANGDADESHENGAOJIZIJIHUALEYIGEANQUANQUAN,CONGCIBIMIANLECHENGDANSHEHUIZEREN,CHENGWEIZUICHENGGONGDE“CHENMOZHE”。

                          棋牌大全下载安装   ZAI《TIEPIGU》ZHONG,JUNTE·GELASIJIHUCONGWEIZHENGMIANMIAOXIEGUOZHANZHENG,TASHITONGGUOMIAOXIEGERENXIAOJIATINGSHENGHUOLAIFANYINGSHEHUIDASHENGHUODEGAOSHOU。ZAIDEJUNZHANLINGDANZEZHIHOU,DANZEDERENMINMEIYOUBIAOXIANCHUGUODUBEISHANG,BAOQUANDERENZHIZUDESHENGHUOZHE。SHOUYINJILIDETEBIEQIANXIANXINWENYIJINGRONGRULERENMENDESHENGHUO,AOSIKADEZUFUMUYEYIJINGDEYIZHIHUA,“TAMENBUZAISHIBOLANREN,JINJINZUOZHEKASHUBEIRENDEMENG。RENJIABATAMENJIAOZUODISANMINZUJITUANDEDEYIZHIREN。CIWAI,YANGDEYISHUANG,HEIDEWEIXI·BULANGSIJIJIAJILEYIGEBOLUODEHAIDONGANDIQUDEDEYIZHIREN”。[2](P287)AOSIKAHAOBUGUANXINZHANSHI,ZHIBAQIANXIANXINWENDANGCHENGDILIKEXUEXI。QUFUSHUNCONGDERENMENJIUZHEIYANGJIENALEDEYIZHIREN,BINGCHENGWEILEDEYIZHIREN,YOUYIGESHOUHAIZHEFANSHENCHENGWEILESHIHAIZHE。ERZHANHOUZHUIWENZUIZEZHISHI,DEYIZHIRENYEDOUGONGTONGXUANZELEJITICHENMO:“YINWEIYOUNEIMEDUORENCHENMO,SUOYIZHEIYANGDEYOUHUONANYIDIYU:DUIZIJIDEGUOSHIYIYANBUFA,DAIZHIYIDUIPUBIANDEZUIZEDASHENGKONGSU,HUOZHEJISHITANDAOZIJIYESHIXUHUANGYIQIANGYONGQILEDISANRENCHENG:‘TA’CENGSHI,‘TA’KANJIAN,‘TA’ZUOLE,‘TA’SHUODAO,‘TA’CHENMO……ERQIEZHISHIZIYANZIYU,FANZHENGNEIXINYOUDESHIDIFANGWANZHUOMIZANG。”[1](P30)ZAIYANGCONGDEZUINENYICENGSHANG,ZANGNIDEJIUSHIZHEIZHONGCHENMO,TASHIZUIDADEBENZHIZUIZE。YANGCONGDIJIAOZHONGDEYANGCONGJIXUFAHUIJIELUZHENXIANGDEMOLI,YUANSHOUXITELEBINGFEISHIYIGERENSHISHILEZAISHIJIEGECHUDEZUIE,TASHIYIGECHUSEDEYANSHUOJIA、GUDONGZHE、CEHUAZHE、LINGDAOZHE,KETABINGFEISHIDUIDAZHONGSHISHIEXINGDEQINZIZHIXINGZHE。NACUIDEZUIXINGSHIDEGUORENQUANTIDEZUIE,BUKECHENMO、TAOBI、BIANBAI,ZHIYAOSHIMOXU,SHISHUNCONG,JIUSHIZONGRONG,JIUSHICANYUZHE。

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                            1959NIANDE《TIEPIGU》SHIZUOJIADEDIYIBUZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO,TARANGZUOJIAHUODELESHENGYUYEJIEJUELESHENGCUNDEJINQIANWENTI,TAYIHEISEDEBICHUSHUXIEZHECANKUDEZHENSHI,YICENGYOUYICENGJIEKAISHIDAIDEMIANSHA。ZAI2006NIANDE《BOYANGCONG》JIEWEI,JUNTE·GELASIZHEIYANGPINGJIAZIJIWANCHENG《TIEPIGU》SHIDENEIXINTIYAN:“CONGCIYIHOU,WOJIUZHEIYANGSHENGHUOZAIYIYEYOUYIYEZHIZHIJIAN,SHENGHUOZAIYIBENYOUYIBENSHUZHIJIAN。WODENEIXINRENGRANYOUFENGFUDUOCAIDERENWUXINGXIANG,DANSHIYAOJIANGSHUZHEIXIE,QUEQUESHAOYANGCONGHEXINGQU。”[1](P380)《TIEPIGU》ZHONGDEAOSIKADEZIBAISHICONGCHUSHENGDAO30SUI,《BOYANGCONG》DEJUNTE·GELASIJIANGSHUZHEZIJIRENSHENGDE12SUIDAO32SUI,YIBUXIAOSHUO,YIBUSHIGESISHIQINIANDERENSHENGJICHUANTI,JIAOCHANZHEJILUZHEYIGEREN、YIGEGUOJIANAIZHIYIGESHIDAIDEYANGCONGPISHANGDEZUIZE。

                            参考文献

                            [1]君特·格拉斯.剥洋葱:君特·格拉斯回忆录[M].魏育青,王滨滨,吴裕康,译.南京:译林出版社,2008.
                            [2]君特·格拉斯.铁皮鼓[M].胡其鼎,译.上海:上海译文出版社,2011.

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