棋牌大全下载安装

    <dir id='niw4q'><del id='niw4q'><del id='niw4q'></del><pre id='niw4q'><pre id='niw4q'><option id='niw4q'><address id='niw4q'></address><bdo id='niw4q'><tr id='niw4q'><acronym id='niw4q'><pre id='niw4q'></pre></acronym><div id='niw4q'></div></tr></bdo></option></pre><small id='niw4q'><address id='niw4q'><u id='niw4q'><legend id='niw4q'><option id='niw4q'><abbr id='niw4q'></abbr><li id='niw4q'><pre id='niw4q'></pre></li></option></legend><select id='niw4q'></select></u></address></small></pre></del><sup id='niw4q'></sup><blockquote id='niw4q'><dt id='niw4q'></dt></blockquote><blockquote id='niw4q'></blockquote></dir><tt id='niw4q'></tt><u id='niw4q'><tt id='niw4q'><form id='niw4q'></form></tt><td id='niw4q'><dt id='niw4q'></dt></td></u>
  1. <code id='niw4q'><i id='niw4q'><q id='niw4q'><legend id='niw4q'><pre id='niw4q'><style id='niw4q'><acronym id='niw4q'><i id='niw4q'><form id='niw4q'><option id='niw4q'><center id='niw4q'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='niw4q'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='niw4q'></center>

      <dd id='niw4q'></dd>

        <style id='niw4q'></style><sub id='niw4q'><dfn id='niw4q'><abbr id='niw4q'><big id='niw4q'><bdo id='niw4q'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub>
        <dir id='niw4q'></dir>
      1. <tr id='adkkh'><strong id='adkkh'></strong><small id='adkkh'></small><button id='adkkh'></button><li id='adkkh'><noscript id='adkkh'><big id='adkkh'></big><dt id='adkkh'></dt></noscript></li></tr><ol id='adkkh'><option id='adkkh'><table id='adkkh'><blockquote id='adkkh'><tbody id='adkkh'></tbody></blockquote></table></option></ol><u id='adkkh'></u><kbd id='adkkh'><kbd id='adkkh'></kbd></kbd>

        <code id='adkkh'><strong id='adkkh'></strong></code>

        <fieldset id='adkkh'></fieldset>
              <span id='adkkh'></span>

                  <ins id='adkkh'></ins>
                  <acronym id='adkkh'><em id='adkkh'></em><td id='adkkh'><div id='adkkh'></div></td></acronym><address id='adkkh'><big id='adkkh'><big id='adkkh'></big><legend id='adkkh'></legend></big></address>

                  <i id='adkkh'><div id='adkkh'><ins id='adkkh'></ins></div></i>
                  <i id='adkkh'></i>
                1. <dl id='adkkh'></dl>
                  1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 美国自白派诗人对自我内心的袒露和挖掘

                    美国自白派诗人对自我内心的袒露和挖掘

                    时间:2019-03-05 14:17作者:李雪凤 乔琦
                    本文导读:这是一篇关于美国自白派诗人对自我内心的袒露和挖掘的文章,在话语逐渐开放、文学创作趋于多元化的后现代主义时期,世界范围内的诗歌创作也日益丰富起来,为诸如垮掉派、自白派等非传统类型诗歌流派的兴起提供了相应的萌发环境。

                      摘    要: 美国自白派诗歌将叙事与抒情融为一体,为诗歌叙事学提供了丰富的研究文本。一方面,美国自白派诗人在创作过程中消解了西方诗歌的抒情传统,以日常生活作为表现对象;另一方面,这些诗人不再只将日常生活局限于表现工具,而是从个体生活中找寻经验并进行想象性表达,借助强烈的主观色彩和自我表露打破传统日常叙事的冷静客观。美国自白派诗歌在表层叙事中仍然包含着强烈的主观化、私人化个体情绪,因而文本深层仍具备抒情特征。

                      关键词: 自白派诗歌; 日常生活叙事; 抒情;

                      Abstract:棋牌大全下载安装 Containing an integration of narration and lyric,American Confessional Poetry provides rich research texts for the study of poetry narratology. American confessional poets dispelled the lyric tradition of western poetry and took daily life as the object of expression while they no longer regarded the daily life only as their tool of expression but seek experience from individual life and express it imaginatively. In this way they broke the coolness and objectivity of traditional daily narrative with the help of a strong sense of subjective color and self-expression. American Confessional Poetry still carries strong subjective and personal emotions in the explicit narrative,so lyric characteristics are still embodied in the deep text.

                      Keyword: Confessional Poetry; daily life narration; lyricism;

                    棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIHUAYUZHUJIANKAIFANG、WENXUECHUANGZUOQUYUDUOYUANHUADEHOUXIANDAIZHUYISHIQI,SHIJIEFANWEINEIDESHIGECHUANGZUOYERIYIFENGFUQILAI,WEIZHURUKUADIAOPAI、ZIBAIPAIDENGFEICHUANTONGLEIXINGSHIGELIUPAIDEXINGQITIGONGLEXIANGYINGDEMENGFAHUANJING。ZIBAILEISHIGECHENGWEIYIGELIUPAIJINRUXIFANGWENXUEWUTAIERWEIDUZHESUOSHUZHISHIZAI20SHIJI50ZHI60NIANDAI。ZAIMEIGUO,SHIRENLUOBOTE·LUOWEIER(Robert Lowell)YU1959NIANCHUBANLETADEZHUANXINGZHIZUO《SHENGHUOYANJIU》(Life Studies),YICICONGXUEYUANPAIXINGSHIZHUYIFENGGEZHUANXIANGLEZIYOUSHITI,BINGYANXILANGMANZHUYIYIZIWOWEIZHONGXINDECHUANTONG,XUSHUGERENSHENGHUOJINGLISHENZHIBUDANYUBAOLUYINSI,YUYANQUYUTONGSU,BIAOXIANNEIRONGQUYURICHANG。TAYUTONGSHIQIYOUZHEXIANGSIXIEZUOFENGGEDEYUEHAN·BEILIMAN(John Berryman)、XIERWEIYA·PULASI(Sylvia Plath)HEANNI·SAIKESIDUN(Anne Sexton)SANWEISHIRENJIANGZHEIYILIUPAIDECHUANGZUOTUIXIANGGAOFENG。

                      ZIBAI、KOUYUHUADEYUYANYUNYONGZAIWENXUECHUANGZUODANGZHONGWANGWANGXINGCHENGRICHANGSHENGHUOXUSHIZHUANGTAI。RICHANGSHENGHUOXUSHIDECHANSHENGYUSHEHUIHUANJINGDEFANGSONGMIBUKEFEN:ZAIZHUIQIUJITIZHUYIHUAYUQUANSHIGERENXUSHIKONGJIANBEIJIYA,ERDANGWENXUEQIANGDIAOGEREN、KENDINGGERENDELILIANGHEDUTEXINGSHI,XUSHUJIANGGENGJIACEZHONGDUIRICHANGSHENGHUODEMIAOXIE。ZAIXIFANGWENXUEDEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,ZAOQIXIANSHIZHUYIWENXUEZHUIQIUKEHUADIANXINGHUANJINGXIADEDIANXINGRENWU,SUIZHIFAZHANDELANGMANZHUYIWENXUETONGGUODUIXIANGXIANGSHIJIEDEGUANZHULAIYANGAISHENGHUOYONGCHANG,ERDAOLEMEIGUOZIBAIPAISHIRENSUOCHUDEXIANDAIZHUYIHEHOUXIANDAIZHUYISHIQI,WENXUECHUANGZUOZEPUBIANGENGDUODIZHIXIANGLE“REN”DESHENGCUNBENSHEN,ZHUANXIANGBIAODAXIANDAIRENDEJINGSHENKUNHUO。YOUCI,BENWENJIANGCONGYIXIASANGEFANGMIANZHANKAI:SHOUXIAN,LUNSHUMEIGUOZIBAIPAISHIZUOZHONGYUNHANDEXUSHIXINGJIQIDUICHUANTONGSHUQINGSHIGEDEFANBO;QICI,TANTAOSHIRENDUIZIWONEIXINDETANLUHEWAJUE,JIYOUCIJUEDINGDESHIZUOZHONGXUSHIBIAOCENGXIADESHUQINGTEZHENG;ZUIHOU,CONGSHIGEWENBENDETEXINGCHUFA,ZONGJIESHIRENZAICHUANGZUOGUOCHENGZHONGDEXINGSHIGUILV,TANTAOSHIZUOZHONGXUSHIXINGYUSHUQINGXINGZHIJIANDACHENGDEPINGHENG。

                      一、生活经验的想象性表达:美国自白派诗人的叙事实践

                      ZAIMEIGUOZIBAIPAISHIRENDECHUANGZUOZHONG,DUIRICHANGSHENGHUODEMIAOSHUHEYOUCIYINFADEGERENHUAGANWUSHICHANGCHENGWEIZHONGYAODEBIAOXIANNEIRONG。XIANGJIAOYUWENXUEZUOPINZHONGBUJUZHENMI、JINGGUOYANJINANPAIDESHIJIANJIQUN,RICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGDESHIJIANGENGDUODICHENGXIANCHUYIZHONGWUMUDEXINGHEGANXINGDEZHUANGTAI。ERDANGRICHANGSHENGHUOZUOWEIWENXUECHUANGZUODELANBEN,SHANGSHENGDAOWENXUESHENMEIDEGAODU,WUMUDEXINGYOULEBEIYUEDUHEANPAIDEMUDE,GANXINGYOULELIXINGDEGUIHUAHESHUFU,JIUBUZAISHISUIJIDERICHANGSHENGHUO“GUSHI”,ERCHENGLEWENXUECHUANGZUOYOUYIANPAIDEDUIXIANG,QUESHIDEZHIXUDEYIZAICIHUIGUI。

                      普拉斯将自己写作小说时所采用的“半自传特征”沿续到了诗歌创作上,如《拉萨路夫人》(Lady Lazarus)对于自己曾经自杀过两回并仍将继续的描写;《高烧103°》(Fever103°)对于高烧时产生的幻觉的构想等,许多诗句都是对诗人身处的生活环境与个体经验的直接描述———诗人将日常生活作为表现对象,把文学所能表现的题材从宏大叙事的政治语境中释放出来,转而走向对日常行为进行审美化呈现。普拉斯的女儿弗丽达(Frieda Hughes)曾在《爱丽尔》(Ariel)修复版序言中指出母亲的婚姻破裂为这部诗集带来的主题:“它始于‘爱’这个词,终于‘春天’(1),显然,其意图是要涵盖从婚姻破裂到决心开始新生活的领域,伴随着中间所有的剧痛和愤怒。”[1]这种痛苦成了诗人写作的源泉和养料,但它同时也如此真实,以至于步入中年的弗丽达在接受采访时仍然表示希望能回到过去,以阻止母亲写出这些作品:“当我在读它(《钟形罩》)(The Bell Jar)时,我希望它不是真的。我希望它是虚构的。谁会希望自己的母亲经受这样的不幸?”(2)可见,普拉斯的写作并不避开自身的生活经验,哪怕这种经验引发的是痛苦的感情。
                     

                    美国自白派诗人对自我内心的袒露和挖掘
                     

                      SAIKESIDUNDECHUANGZUOYECHONGFENTIXIANZHEGETIYISHIDEJUEXING。ZAIYIGENVXINGXIESHIBINGBUWEISHEHUISUOGUANGFANRENTONGDESHIDAI,SAIKESIDUNBUBIHUIZIJIDENVXINGSHENFEN,SHIMINGFABIAOSHIZUOBINGQIECAIYONGLEFEICHANGDADANDEFANGSHI,“YIHAOWUXIUSEERTAIRANZIRUODE、JIHUSHILINGRENNANWEIQINGDEZHILVDUIRENSHENGDEJINGLIZUOZHEBITATONGSHIDAISHIRENGENGDUODEZIBAI”[2]123。SHIRENLITUCONGGETISHENGHUOZHONGZHAOXUNJINGYANBINGJINXINGXIANGXIANGXINGBIAODA,BINGQIEBUZAIZHIJIANGRICHANGSHENGHUOJUXIANYUBIAOXIANGONGJUSHANG,JUJUEBODELIYA(J.Baudrillard)BIXIATONGGUOWUXIANFUZHILAIFENJIEZHENSHISHIJIEDE“WANMEIDEZUIXING”(1),ERSHIZHUZHONGBIAODASHENGHUOYIJISHENGHUOZHONGTIEJINDIMIANDEQINGGAN。TARENWEISHIGEYUNXUXUGOU,YUNXUXIANGXIANGHEYISHUDEJIAGONG,YINWEIZAIXUNIDEXUSHIZHONGQINGGANRENGRANKEYISHIZHENSHIDE,SHIRENKEYILIYONGXUGOUGUIBIBUYUANTIJIDETONGKU。YIZHIYUYOUXUEZHEPINGJIASAIKESIDUNDEZIBAISHI“SHIYONGSHENJINGHEXINXIECHENGDE,CHENGSHI、JIANRUI……ZIBAISHICHILUOLUODE,FEICHANGDADAN,LINGRENZHENJING……TARENWEISHIGEYINGGAISHIDUIGANGUANDEZHENDONG,ZUIHAONENGZHENTONGGANGUAN”[3]。SAIKESIDUNDEXUDUOSHIZUODOUMIAOSHULERICHANGYOUBINGFEIJINJINMIAOSHURICHANG———RUZAI《TADEBENZHI》YISHIZHONG,TONGPIANXUSHURENCHENGSHI“TA”ERZHENSHIDEXUSHUZHESHI“WO”,“WO”ZAISHIGELICHENGWEIYIMINGHEIANZHONGDEYONGSHI,MOHULEXINGBIE,BUDANYUBEIWUJIE,YANEXIUCHIDISIQUERYAO“JIZHUZHEIZUIHOUSHANGUANGDELUCHENG”。“WOYISHITADEBENZHI”YIJUFANFUCHUXIANZAIDUANLUOMODUAN,TIXIANLE“WO”YU“TA”DEHEYIJIJINGSHENYUROUTIDEHEYI。ZAI《LIUCHAN》(Abortion)YISHIZHONG,SHIRENSANCIDANDUCHENGDUANXIEXIA“GAIDANSHENGDEQUEXIAOSHILE”,SHENGMINGCUIRUO,WUGUDEXISHENGNANYIBIMIAN,RUOXIAODANYIDESHENGMINGTOUSHEZAI“DIQIU”ZHEIGEGUANGDADEKONGJIANSHANGYIRANWUFAXINGCUN。《NANRENHEQIZI》(Man and Wife)YISHIGENGSHIZHIJIEDIANMINGLEFUBIAOTI:“SHUSHUOHUNYINZHONGDETONGKU”,YONGLENGMODEYUQIJIANGFUQIERRENDERICHANGSUIPIANPINJIEQILAI,QUEQINGBUZIJINZAIJIEWEIHUHUANCHU“E,QINAIDE”,JILEWUQUERCHENMENDEHUNYINSHENGHUOYIDIANKEGONGJUJIAODEWENQING。CHULERICHANGSHENGHUOZHUANGTAI,SHIRENHAICHANGJIANGRICHANGSUOJIANRUSHI,ZAOCANPANLIDEJI、WENYIZHONGDELAOSHU、FANGWU、TIANYE、CHUANGQIANDEYINHUACHUANGDANDENGDOUCHENGWEIXUSHUDEDUIXIANG。RU《WUJIANZAIJINGSHENBINGYUANCAOPINGSANBU》(Noon Walk on the Asylum Lawn)YISHI:

                      “XIARIDEYANGGUANG/CONGYIZHUKEYIDESHUMUJIANSHECHU。/SUIRANWOBUXINGCHUANGUOBUMANYINYINGDESHANGU,/TARENGXIJINLEKONGQI/SICHUZHAOWO。∥CAOSHUOHUALE。/WOTINGJIANLVSEYONGCHANGLEZHENGTIAN。/WOBUZAIJUPAXIEE,BUZAIJUPAXIEE/YEPIANRUDAORENBANYANSHEN/CHUJIWODEDAOLU。∥TIANKONGDUANLIELE。/TACHUIZAIWOLIANJIAHUXI。/MIANDUIWODEDIREN,WODEDIREN/SHISHANGCHONGMANLEDIREN。/MEIYOUANQUANZHIDI。”[4]27-28

                      CONGBIAOMIANSHANGKAN,ZHEISHOUSHIPOSHIDIMIAOHUILEYIFUYANREXIARICAOMUCONGLONGDEHUAMIAN,ZHENGRUTIMUSUOYAN,SHISHIRENWUJIANSANBUSHIDESUOJIANSUOGAN。DANTIMUZHONGJIUDIANMINGLE“JINGSHENBINGYUAN(Asylum)”ZHEIYICHUSUO,LINGRENGANSHOUDAOSHIGEDENEIRONGTEZHIJUEFEIXUNCHANG。SHIGEZHURENGONGMUJIZHICHUBIANBUWEIXIAN,KEYIDESHUMU、BUMANYINYINGDESHANGU、DAORENBANFENGLIDEYEPIAN———SHIRENJIANGHUAIYIDEXINJINGFUZHEZAIXUNCHANGERKEGUANDEDAZIRANZHISHANG,SHENZHITIANKONGTANTA,HUXIDEKONGQIYEBEIBODUO,SHIRENZAIBEIJIYADEKONGJIANLIGANSHOUDAOCUNHUODEJIANNAN。QUANSHIJIUXIANGYIWEIHUANYOUBEIHAIWANGXIANGZHENGDEJINGSHENBINGRENDEFENGKUANGYANYU,YUTAERYANZHENGGESHIJIEJIUSHIYIGECHONGMANDIRENDEJINGSHENBINGYUAN。CHUZAIJINZHANGDESHEHUIBEIJINGXIA,ZISHENJINGSHENZHUANGKUANGYOUQIANJIADESHIRENNANMIANCHANSHENGGUOYUMINGANDEKONGHUANG,SHIJUESHANGWEIXIANDEYANGGUANGHESHUMU,TINGJUESHANGCAODISIHUYONGWUZHIJINGDEYONGCHANG,CHUJUESHANGTIANKONGFUGAIZAILIANSHANGLINGRENZHIXI,ZHEIXIEDOUSHISHIRENJIAOLVXINJINGTOUSHEYUWAIJIESHIDEXIANGXIANGXINGDEFANYING。SHIRENSHITUZIJIU,FANGFOWEIZIJIDAQIBANNANNANZIYU:“WOBUZAIJUPAXIEE,BUZAIJUPAXIEE。(I will fear no evil,fear no evil.)”DANZHEIYANGDEHUSHENGBEIJIAZAICHONGMANJINZHANGQIXIDECAOMUZHIJIAN,RENGSHIWEIRUOQIEWULIDE。

                    棋牌大全下载安装   WULUNSHIPULASIHAISHISAIKESIDUN,TAMENDECHUANGZUOJUNGUIBILECHUANTONGSHIGEYISHUQINGWEIZHU、YIKAOJIANGOUXUNIYIXIANGLAIBIAODAQINGXUDEFANGSHI,ERSHICAIYONGLEDUIXIANSHIYUSHENGHUOJINXINGMIAOXIEDESHOUDUAN,GENGDUODIJIANGXIAOSHUOBIFAYUNYONGDAOLESHIGECHUANGZUOZHONG。ZHEIZHONGZUOFAZAIDANGSHIJUYOUKAICHUANGXINGYIYI,TONGSHIYEWEIHOULAIMEIGUODANGDAISHITANDEDUOYUANHUAXIEZUOTIGONGLEXINDESHITIXINGSHIYUBIAOXIANSHIJIAO。

                      二、以“自白”构建“自我”:表层叙事下的深层抒情

                      CONG16SHIJIDESHISIXINGSHIDAO17SHIJIDEXUANXUEPAIAIQINGZHELISHI,CONG18SHIJIDEHUPANPAISHIRENFABIAOLANGMANZHUYISHUQINGSHIXUANYANDAO20SHIJIYIHUITEMAN(W.Whitman)HEDIJINSEN(E.Dickinson)WEIDAIBIAODELANGMANZHUYISHIGEKAISHIWEIDUZHEGUANGFANSHUXI(2),XIFANGSHIGESHISHANGDESHUQINGCHUANTONGCONGWEIZHONGDUAN。ZIYOUTISHI、YIXIANGSHIDENGFUYOUCHUANGXINYIWEIDEXINSHITIBUDUANJINRUDUZHESHIYE,ZAIOUZHOULANGMANZHUYISHIGEJICHUSHANGJINXINGJIEGOUHEFAZHAN,ZICHENGYUCHUANTONGJUELIE,DANSHISHISHANG,WOMENKEYIRENWEIDADUOSHUCILEIZUOPINBINGWEITUOLICHUANTONGDESHUQINGTISHI。JINGUANLUOWEIERDENGRENYIZAIQIANGDIAO“ZIBAI”DEZHUANXINGSHIDUIXUEYUANPAIGELVHEWEIDUOLIYASHIFENGDETUPOHEFANBO(1),BINGRENWEI“ZIBAIPAISHIRENXINFENGZIWO,ZHONGSHIYURENZISHEN,QIANGDIAODESHISHIBEIHOUDEDUTEDEGEXING,ZHIYUYISHUDEWANMEI,SHICIYAODE”[5],DANSHIGEBENSHENDEXINGSHITEZHENGJIWAJUEZISHENSHENGHUOJINGYANDEZICHUANSECAIJIUZAOCHENGLEZHEIXIESHIGEDEXUSHIXINGBINGFEINEIMECHEDI。

                      HUAZIHUASICENGZAI《SHUQINGGEYAOJI》XUYANLIZHICHU:“SHIDEZHUYAOMUDE,SHIZAIXUANZERICHANGSHENGHUOLIDESHIJIANHEQINGJIE,ZISHIZHIZHONGJIELICAIYONGRENMENZHENZHENGSHIYONGDEYUYANLAIJIAYIXUSHUHUOMIAOXIE,TONGSHIZAIZHEIXIESHIJIANHEQINGJIESHANGJIASHANGYIXIEXIANGXIANGDEGUANGCAI,SHIRICHANGDEDONGXIZAIBUPINGCHANGDEZHUANGTAIXIACHENGXIANZAIXINLINGMIANQIAN。”[6]5HUAZIHUASIRENWEIZAISHIGECHUANGZUOZHONGWANQUANLIKAISHIJIANYUQINGJIEDESHUQINGJIANGWUKEBIMIANDILUORUKONGFAN,ERZHEIDUANHUAQIAHAOGAIKUOLEZIBAIPAISHIRENDECHUANGZUOSHIJIAN:ZICHUANSECAILIYONGQIXUSHITEZHENGZAITUOKUANLESHIGEBIAODADEGUANGDUHESHENDUDETONGSHI,YEWUKEBIMIANDIJIANGLANGMANZHUYIDESHUQINGSECAITUIXIANGLEGAOFENG。ZAICI,WOMENYILUOWEIER《NANRENHEQIZI》(Man and Wife)YISHIDEQIANBANBUFENWEILI:

                      “BEIMIANERTONGXUNFU,WOMENTANGZAIMUQINCHUANGSHANG;/ZHANSHIDECHAOYANGWEIWOMENPISHANGHONGYI;/RIGUANGXIATADUJINDECHUANGZHUSHANSHANFALIANG,/FANGZONGSHUCHANG,JIJINKUANGXI。/ZUIHOUDESHIKEMAERBOLEJIESHANGSHUMUCANGLIN,/SHENGKAIDEMULANRANSHAO/CHIXUWUTIANDEJIEBAIKULIEZHUANGDIANZHELIMING。/ZHENGYEWOWOZHUNIDESHOU,/RUTONGNI/DISICIPAIHUAIZAIFENGKUANGDEDUKOU,/LAOTAODEHUAYU,YANSHENMANSHISHAJI,/JIANGWOHUOZHETUOHUIJIALI……EWODEJIAOQI/SUOYOUSHANGDIDEZAOWUZHONGNIZUIWANZHENGMINGLI:/NICAIERSHIDUOSUI,ERWO,/CENGSHOUZHIJIUBEI/XINKOURUYI,……”[7]15

                    棋牌大全下载安装   “MIANERTONG(Miltown)”SHIYIZHONGZHENDINGYAOWU,SHIGEZHONGDE“WOMEN”FUYONGMIANERTONGHOUZHENDINGXIALAI,NENGZANSHILENGJINGGUANCHASHENBIANJIEXIALAIFASHENGDEYIQIE。“CHAOYANG(the rising sun)”HE“RIGUANG(broad daylight)”DOURELIEERZIYOU,DANRANSHANGLE“ZHANSHI”DESECAI,XIANHONGDETAIYANGNANMIANLINGRENLIANXIANGDAOXIANXUE,REQINGQUYUZAOYUDE、JIUSHENBANDEKUANGHUAN(almost Dionysian)。CANGCUIDESHUMUHEFANSHENGDEHUADUOLIANGGEYIXIANGSHENGJIBOBO,PUCHENCHUXIARIDESHENGDA,ZHEIYIQIESHI“WO”DEQINGXUHEHUANJUEDAODADINGFENG。ERCISHI“WO”DEQIZIYEZAISHOUZHEJINGSHENBINGTONGDEZHEMO,YONGSUHUAYUYINGZAODERICHANGYINWEIJINGSHENDEFENLIEERCHONGCHISHAJI,“WO”ZHINENGBASIXUTOUXIANGYAOYUANDEGUOQU,TANLVDIKUAJIANGDANGNIANQIZIDEMEIMAOHEZIJIDEWENJIAN,YIKAOHUIYILAIQUEREN“WO”HEQIZICENGYOUGUOZHENGCHANGERMEILIDEAIQING。ZHEISHISHIRENLUOWEIERXIANJIQIZIYILISHABAI·HADEWEIKE(Elizabeth Hardwick)(2)DESHI,CONGCHUANGZUOBEIJINGLAIKANYILVXIANMENGSHANGYICENGSIRENHUADEMIANSHA。SHIGEKAIPIANDEHUIYIJIUJIANGFUQIERRENFANGZHIZAILEZHANZHENGNIANDAIDEDABEIJINGZHIXIA,DANSHIRENLIKEYONGMIANERTONGKENENGDAILAIDEHUANJUEJINGYANJIANGQIYUKEGUANDEXIANSHISHIJIEGEKAI。CISHIDEGONGGONGHUAYUBIANHUIGUISIREN,DUIYUGONGGONGSHENGHUOSHIJIANDEXUSHUJIURONGRULEGENGDUOGERENSECAI,ZAIJIANGOUCHU“ZIWO”DETONGSHISHIXIANLEZIBAI。

                    棋牌大全下载安装   QUANSHIJIUXIANG“WO”DENANNANSIYU,JISHIZAIHUIYIAIQINGZUICHUDEYANGZISHIYEYUDIAOPINGJING。SHIGESUOYONGDEYIXIANGDUOSHIYUXIANSHISHIJIEWENHEDE,CAIYONGLEYIZHONGZHIBAIERKEGUANDEXUSHUFANGSHI,ZHIYOU“KULIE(murderous)”HE“SHAJI(homicidal)”ZHEIYANGDECIYUTURANDAPOZHEIZHONGPINGHENG,XIANDETUCHUERCIMU。KEGUANWAIZAISHIWUDETOUSHEYICHANGJILIE,“WO”FENLIEDEJINGSHENWUFAQUANYU,ZHINENGJINKENENGDIRANGZIJIPINGJING,YILIXINGDEXUSHIYUESHUJIANRUIDEGANQING。ZHEISHIXUDUOZIBAILEISHIGESUOGONGYOUDETEDIAN,SHIRENLIYONGQINGSUDEFANGSHIJINXINGSHIGECHUANGZUO,JIEZHUXUSHUXIANGXIANGZHONGHUOYIWANCHENGDEJINGLILAIYAYIQINGGANDEKUANGRE,TAMENJIANXINKEYIKONGZHIHAOZIJIDEGANQING,BUSHUQINGJIUBUHUIPENFA。ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG,SHIRENLIYONGZHEIZHONGFANGSHIZHENGJIULEZIJI,NENGGOUBEIZUZHICHENGYUYANSHUXIEXIALAIDEQINGXUBIRANFUZHEYUWAIWUERYONGYOULETIAOLIHEYINGUO,ZHEIFENSHULIPOSHISHIRENZAILUOBIDEGUOCHENGZHONGZOUXIANGLENGJINGHEBAORONG。LUOLAN·BATECENGZAIMUQINQUSHIHOUDERIJILIXIEDAO:“WODUIYUXIEZUODESHIHAO,FUYUWOFENGXIONGHUAJIDENENGLI,HUOBAORONGDENENGLI:WOJIEZHUYUYANYUHUODONGLAIBAORONG。”[8]177ZIBAIPAISHIRENJIUSHI“JIEZHUYUYANYUHUODONGLAIBAORONG”DEDIANXINGDAIBIAO。XUSHIYAOQIUSHIRENBAOCHILIXING,ERLIXINGDEYANYUHUODONGZUOWEIZHONGJIEJIANGYANYUCENGMIANHEQINGGANCENGMIANFENLIKAILAI,WEIDANGSHIRENYINGZAOCHUYIZHONGKEGUANDEGANZHIJIAODU,“RONGREN”DECENGMIANBIANKEBEIDADATUOKUAN。RUTONGBATEZAITONGYIPIANRIJIZHONGSUOYAN:“WODEBEISHANGSHINANYIBIAOBAIDE,DANYEHAISHIKEYIMIAOSHUDE。SHENZHIYUYANTIGONGJIWO‘BUKERONGRENDE’ZHEIGECIYUZHEIYISHISHI,JIUNENGZHIJIESHIXIANMOUZHONGRONGREN。”WENXUELIYONGWENZIGOUJIANDEBILEILITUXIAOJIETONGKUDEZHONGLIANG,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGTIGAOLEZUOZHEDEQINGGANYUHENENGLI。WOGUOWENXUERENLEIXUEXUEZHEYESHUXIANJIUCENGZHICHUZUOWEI“RENLEIDUYOUDEFUHAOCHUANGZAODESHIJIE”[9]273,WENXUEJUBEIJINGSHENCENGMIANDEZHILIAOZUOYONG———JIESHUXIEYIZIWOZHILIAOSHIZIBAIPAISHIRENPUBIANDECHUANGZUODONGJI。ZHEIYANGDETIAOJIANXIADANSHENGDESHIGEDADUOJUYOUQIANGLIEDEGERENSECAI,LILAIYOUPIPINGZHERENWEIXIANGJIAOYULIZHI“FANGYANSHIJIE”HUO“WEIZHONGRENFASHENG”DEZUOPIN,ZIBAIPAISHIGEQUESHAOWENXUEYINGYOUDEDANDANG,DANBIZHERENWEISIRENHUAXIEZUOQIASHISHIRENZAILIYONGYUHUIDEFANGSHICEMIANCHENGXIANSHEHUIDEQINGZHUANG,BINGFANYINGLESHIRENDUIYU“REN”DEBUREN———DANGXIAOFEIKUNANJIYICHENGWEIYIZHONGSHISHANGYAOQIUHEMOULISHOUDUANERBEIGUODUFANGDASHI,ZIBAIPAISHIRENDECHUANGZUOCHULEYONGYIZIJIUHEJIUREN,JUJUEDUIKUNANJINXINGEWAIDEPUCHEN。

                    棋牌大全下载安装   WOMENKEYIYOUCIDECHUJIELUN:ZIBAIPAISHIRENDECHUANGZUOLIBUKAIRICHANGSHENGHUODEYANGFEN,YINCIJUYOUJIAOQIANGDEXUSHIXING,DANQIBIAOCENGXUSHIZHONGRENGDAIYOUQIANGLIEDE、ZHUGUANHUADEGETIQINGXU,YINERWENBENSHENCENGRENGJUBEISHUQINGTEZHENG。DANGRICHANGSHENGHUOCONGFUHAOHUADEJITIZHUYIXUSHIZHUANXIANGGERENXUSHI,RENDECUNZAIDEYIHAIYUAN,RENDEJIAZHIHEZUNYANDEDAOZHANGXIAN,RICHANGSHENGHUOXUSHIJIUBUNENGBEIDANGZUODUIRICHANGSHENGHUODEJIANDANFUSHU,ERSHIJUBEIGAOYURICHANGSHENGHUODESHIXINGSUOYAOQIUDETEZHENG。ZAIZHEIZHIZHONGYUNHANDESHUQING,YEJIUGENGJUYOUGONGQINGNENGLIHERENWENJINGSHEN。

                      三、生存境遇与个体存在的平衡:用抒情填补叙事空白

                      RICHANGSHENGHUOXUSHIDUIYUZIBAIPAISHIRENERYAN,YONGYOUJIAODUODESIRENHUAYIWEI,TONGSHIWEISHIGEXUSHIXUETIGONGLEKEGONGYANJIUDEWENBEN。ZAISHIGEZHEIYILEIBIEZHONG,CONGCHUANTONGDESHISHIKAISHI,JIZAICHUANSHUOGUSHI、RENWUCHUANJIDENGYIXUSHIWEIZHUDESHIGEJIUZHANYOUHENDADEBILI,SHENZHIZAI19SHIJI“SHUQINGSHIBIANXING”[10]35ZHIQIAN,XIFANGDABUFENSHIGEDOUYIXUSHIHUOSANWENDEFANGSHICHENGXIAN,“SHUQING”BINGBUNENGWEISHIGEXIADINGYI。WEILEMINGQUEDINGYI,ZHAODAOSHIGEZHISUOYICHENGWEISHIGEDELIYOU,WENXUEPIPINGJIADIPULAISI(Du Plessis)TICHU“DUANWEIXING(segmentivity)”ZHEIYIGAINIAN,DUISHIGEXINGSHISHANGDEJIEDUAN、FENXINGHETIAOYUEXINGPAILIEZUHEJINXINGLETANSUO。MAIKEHEIERZAICHANSHUZHEIYIGAINIANSHIYINRULEYUEHAN·XIAOPUTUO(John Shoptaw)DE“FANFENDUANXING(countermeasurement)”LAIBUCHONGQIANZHEDEGUANDIAN,ZHICHU“ZAIYIYISHENGCHANBEIDADUANHUOTINGZHIDEDIFANG、ZAIWENBENBEICHELIE、CHANSHENGKONGBAIDEDIFANG,JIUSHIDUZHEDEYIYISHENGCHANJIZHIBIXUZHUNBEITIANBUKONGBAI、XIUFUSHANGKOUDEDIFANG”[10]36。SHIGETONGGUOKUAXING、KUAJIEDENGXINGSHIXINGCHENGKONGBAI,ZHEISHISHIGEXUSHIWENBENSUOTEYOUDEJIEZOU。WOMENYIBEILIMANDEZHANGSHI《MENGGE》(77Dream Songs)ZHONG“SHANGDIBAOYOUHENGLI”(God bless Henry)YIZHANGDEQIANLIANGJIEWEILI:

                      “SHANGDIBAOYOUHENGLI。TAHUODEXIANGLAOSHUYIBAN,/ZHANGZHEYITOUNONGMIDEFA/ZUIKAISHI。/HENGLIBUSHIGENUOFU。MEICUO。/……∥SUOYIYEXUHENGLISHIREN/RANGWOMENLAIDIAOCHATAMEN。/……WOMENDIAOCHAGUOLE;HAOBA。”[11]17

                    棋牌大全下载安装   SHANGSHULIANGJIESHIDUOWEIDUANJU,BIAODIANHENDUO。QIANLIANGXINGMIAOSHULEHENGLIDEZHUANGTAI,“ZUIKAISHI(in the beginning)”SANGEDANCICONGYIJUHUAZHONGCHAIFENXIALAIDANDUCHENGXING,QIDAOLEQIANGDIAOSHIJIANDEXIAOGUO。“MEICUO(Much)”HE“HAOBA(okay)”ERCIYONGYIQIANGDIAOPANDUANSHANGDEKENDING,DANZHEIZHONGKENDINGDEBEIHOUTIXIANDESHIYANSHUOZHERUZAOWUZHUBANJUGAOLINXIASHENSHIHENGLISHIDEFUYANHEBUQUEDINGXING。LIANGJIESHIZHIJIANCHENGXIANCHUYIZHONGDIJINGUANXI,DIYIJIEMIAOSHUHENGLIDEZHUANGTAI,DIERJIEDECHU“HENGLISHIREN”DEJIELUN,DANWULUNSHIMIAOSHUHAISHIJIELUN,DOUDAIZHEJIQIANGDEZHUGUANXING。ZHEIYITISHIBIANKEYINFADUZHEDESIKAO,TATONGGUODUANLIEDIAODONGDUZHEQINGXU,SHIDUZHECANYUJINDUIKONGBAIDEMIBUZHIZHONG,ZAIYUEDUZHONGCHANSHENGLEDIAOZHENGJIEZOUDEXIAOGUO[12]。DUZHEKEYIZAILIANGJIEDETINGDUNCHUHUAIYIYANSHUOZHEJICHUDEJIELUN,SHITANHENGLIYANGMAODEQITAKENENGXING,TIANBUWEINENGYANSHUODEKONGBAI。

                      ZAIRUPULASISHIZUO《BIANYUAN》(Edge)ZHONGDEQIANBANBUFEN:

                    棋牌大全下载安装   “ZHEIGENVRENSHIWANMEIDE。/TADESI∥SHITIDAIZHEWANMANDEXIAO,/YIZHONGXILASHIHUANXIANG∥LIUTANGZAITATUOJIAPAODEWOJUANZHONG/TACHILUODE∥SHUANGJIAOHAOSIZAISHUO:/WOMENYIJINGZOULEHENYUAN,XIANZAIJIESHULE。”[13]84

                      ZAIZHEILI,DUANDUANLIANGJUHUABEIFENGECHENGLESIXIAODUAN,XINGCHENGLEYIGEYOUSHANGERXIA“DALIANG”DEGUOCHENG:DUZHESUIZHESHIXINGDEZHANKAIXIANKANDAONVRENDESI,ZAIKANDAOTAMIANBUDEXIAORONG,JIEZHEKANDAOTADESHENTI、QUNPAO,ZHIDAOSHUANGJIAO,ZUIHOUYIGEZONGJIEXINGDEXIANGXIANG,QIANGDIAOCHU“GUANMOSIWANG”DECENGCIXING。SHIXINGZHONG,WANZHENGDEJUZIDUOCIBEIFENGE,ZUIJUDAIBIAOXINGDEJIUSHI“TACHILUODE∥SHUANGJIAOHAOSIZAISHUO(Her bare∥Feet seem to be saying)”YIJU,RUGUODUZHELANGDUCHULAI,ANZHAOYUFATONGCHANGHUIDUANJUWEI“TACHILUODESHUANGJIAO/HAOSIZAISHUO”,DANZHEIJUSHIJIANG“SHUANGJIAO”YUNVRENDESHENTISHENGSHENGJIEDUAN,BINGQIEHAIYONGFENDUANDEXINGSHISHI“CHILUODE(bare)”ZHEIYIXIUSHIYULIDEGENGYUAN,KEYIYINGZAOCHUYIZHONGSHIJUESHANGDETINGDUN。CIWAI,SHIRENDUOCICAIYONGGreek、croll、togaDENGDAIYOUGUSHISECAIDECIHUI,SIHUYOUYIJIANGSIQUDENVRENBAOZHUANGCHENGFUYOUNIANDAIGANDEYISHUPIN,JIANG“XIANDAI”DESIWANGLAHUI“GUDIAN”DEJIURI;ERYUANYINDEDALIANGYUNYONGBUJINSHILANGDUCHANSHENGLESHENGYINSHANGDEYANZHANHETINGLIU,ZAIWEIEN·BUSI(Wayne Booth)DEFENXIZHONG,ZHEIXIEYONGYUNSHENZHIRUTONGTANXI,SHISHIREN“SHITUJIEZHUSHIGEDELILIANG,BAJIJIANGLAILINDESIWANGBAIDAOSHEJIYIBANSIWANGDEPUBIANZHENLIDEWEIZHISHANG”[14]DEGUOCHENG。CONGZHONGWOMENBUNANKANCHUSHIRENDUIYUXIEZUOSUCAIDEZHUGUANANPAI,TONGSHIYETIXIANZHEZIBAIPAISHIGEDEYIZHONGPUBIANCHUANGZUOTEZHENG:XUSHISHIDUISHENGCUNJINGYUDEBIAODA,SHUQINGSHIDUIGETICUNZAIDEZHANGXIAN。

                      JIEHEYISHANGLIANGGELIZI,WOMENKANDAOMEIGUOZIBAISHIPAIDUIYUSHIGEJIQIAODEYUNYONG———ZAIXINGSHISHANGHENHAODIJIEZHULEDUANWEIHEKONGBAIXINGCHENGLINGDUZHEHUIWEIDETINGDUN,CHANSHENGLEYINLEZHONGXIUZHIFUDEXIAOGUO;ZAINEIRONGSHANGYONGYIXIANGZUHEHEQINGJIEANPAIDAJIANCHUYITAOSIRENHUADEXUSHUTIXI,CHUANDICHUYUXUSHIXIANGJIAOZHIDESHUQING。

                      ZIBAIPAISHIRENDECHUANGZUOTONGCHANGYIDUBAISHIHUAYUWEIZHU,CHUANTONGDEJIANGQINGGANSUZHUYIXIANGHEZHUIQIUWEIWANMEI、MENGLONGMEIDELANGMANZHUYISHIGESHUQINGFANGSHIBEIXIAOJIE,QUERDAIZHIDESHIZHIBAIDEXUSHUHEZIYOUDEHUHAN;ERNINGLIAN、TIAOYUEDEWENTITEDIANJUEDINGLESHIGEGUANJIANYIYIDESHENGCHENGWANGWANGLAIZIYUWEIBEIYANSHUODELIUBAIZHICHU。JINGUANCUNZAIBIAODABUGOUJIEZHI、GUOFENBAOLUZIWODENGZHIDESHANGQUEDEBIDUAN,ZIBAIPAISHIGEYIRANZONGHELECHUANTONGYUXIANDAIDEYOUSHI,YIFANGMIANZAIXINGSHISHANGDUIWENBENJINXINGLESHENJIAGONG,LINGYIFANGMIANZAINEIRONGSHANGYIFUYOUGERENSECAIDESHUQINGTIANBULEDANYISHENGHUOXUSHIDEKONGBAI。ZIBAISHIPAISUIRANXINGSHENGSHIJIANJIAODUAN,DANDAIBIAOSHIRENJUNJIAOWEIDUOCHAN,ZHEIZHONGSHIGEXIEZUOFANGSHIZAISHIRENDALIANGDESHIJIANZHONGZHUJIANCHENGSHU。DUIYUXUEJIEERYAN,ZIBAIPAISHIGEBUJINWEIDANGDAISHIGEXUSHIYANJIUTIGONGLEYOUXIAOWENBEN,ERQIEDUIHOUXIANDAISHIGEWENTIDEZOUXIANGCHANSHENGLEKAICHUANGXINGYIYI,YINCIZHIDEWOMENDEGUANZHUHEYANJIU。

                      参考文献

                      [1] 弗丽达·修斯.我们不需要两座墓碑诗集《爱丽尔》代序[J].包慧怡,译.上海文化,2015(3):86-92.
                      [2] 约翰·贝里曼,等.美国自白派诗选[M].赵琼,岛子,译.上海:漓江出版社,1987.
                      [3] 彭予,马丽娅.诗与自白———评美国女诗人安妮·塞克斯顿[J].中华女子学院学报,1995(4):42-45.
                      [4]SEXTON A.The Complete Poems[M].ed.Maxine Kumin,Linda Gray Sexton.Boston:Houghton Mifflin,1981.
                      [5] 彭予.美国自白诗:选择“开放”[J].外国文学研究,2001(1):25-32.
                      [6] 华兹华斯.《抒情歌谣集》1800版序言[C]∥曹葆华,译.伍蠡甫.西方文论选(下卷).上海:上海译文出版社,1979.
                      [7]LOWELL R.Life Studies[M].London:Faber&Faber,2001.
                      [8] 罗兰·巴特.哀痛日记[M].怀宇,译.北京:中国人民大学出版社,2012.
                      [9] 叶舒宪.文学与治疗[M].北京:社会科学文献出版社,1999.
                      [10] 布莱恩·麦克黑尔.关于建构诗歌叙事学的设想[J].尚必武,汪筱玲,译.江西社会科学,2009(6):32-42.
                      [11]BERRYMAN J.77 Dream Songs[M]. New York:American Book-Stratford Press,2010.
                      [12] 尚必武.“跨文类”的叙事研究与诗歌叙事学的建构[J].国外文学,2012(2):14-22.
                      [13]PLATH S.Ariel[M].New York:Harper&Row,1960.
                      [14] 韦恩·C·布斯.隐含作者的复活[J].申丹,译.江西社会科学,2007(5):30-40.

                      注释

                      1指普拉斯对《爱丽尔》中诗歌原本的排序,《晨歌》(Morning Song)排在第一首,第一个单词是“love”,《过冬》(Wintering)排在最后一首,最后一个单词是“spring”。
                      2见BBC纪录片《Sylvia Plath:Inside the Bell Jar(2018)》中对弗丽达的采访,这是弗丽达首次以普拉斯女儿的身份在电视访谈中公开谈论母亲。原话如下:“When I read it,I didn't want it to be real.I wanted it to be fiction,because why would anybody want to their mother to be going through...such difficulties...such a thought process?”
                      3波德里亚在其着作《完美的罪行》中提出:“虚拟”通过无限复制现实最终达到以“复制品”消解、扼杀现实的程度,是为“完美的罪行”。自白派诗人所采用的日常生活叙事手段并非简单地复制现实,甚至有意地注入情感来避免这种复制,因而对文学创作乃至现实生活更为有益。
                      4可参考王佐良:《英国浪漫主义诗歌史》(生活·读书·新知三联书店,2018),张子清:《20世纪美国诗歌史》(南开大学出版社,2018)等着作相关章节。
                      5可参考彭予《开创一代诗风的〈生活研究〉》中对于洛威尔摒弃传统韵律的观点:“我想尽一切办法对付韵律或避开韵律。当我不需要硬把词砸入韵脚或顿数时,我便更赤裸裸地依靠节奏了。”(载于《天津外国语学院学报》,2003年第1期)
                      6哈德威克是美国着名的文学批评家,也是洛威尔的第二任妻子,两人的婚姻从1949年持续到1972年。

                    棋牌大全下载安装相关的文章
                    联系我们
                    • 写作QQ:
                    • 发表QQ:
                    • 服务电话:
                    • 售后电话:
                    • 邮箱:
                    范文范例

                    靠谱的棋牌---首页_Welcome 百灵拼三张-Welcome 蓝洞棋牌官网送3金币---首页_Welcome 035棋牌手游官网 聚友棋牌官网下载安装-首页