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                              • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 王朔小说《千万别把我当人》中的反讽技巧

                                王朔小说《千万别把我当人》中的反讽技巧

                                时间:2019-03-10 13:56作者:潘帅
                                本文导读:这是一篇关于王朔小说《千万别把我当人》中的反讽技巧的文章,1989年,长篇小说《千万别把我当人》在杂志《钟山》的第4、5、6期被连载,其后被收录在《王朔文集》(2003年,云南人民出版社出版)。

                                  摘    要: 反讽是王朔在小说《千万别把我当人》中采用的一种非常重要的写作手法。本文从故事内容出发,通过个性化的语言、荒诞不经的故事情节,来看“反讽”艺术在文本中建构起的矛盾、悖论的文学世界背后所折射出的哲学思考。

                                  关键词: 王朔; 千万别把我当人; 反讽;

                                棋牌大全下载安装   1989NIAN,ZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《QIANWANBIEBAWODANGREN》ZAIZAZHI《ZHONGSHAN》DEDI4、5、6QIBEILIANZAI,QIHOUBEISHOULUZAI《WANGSHUOWENJI》(2003NIAN,YUNNANRENMINCHUBANSHECHUBAN)。CONGZUOPINNEIRONGLAIKAN,WANGSHUOXIAOSHUOCHUANGZUOKEFENWEISANGEJIEDUAN,XIANG《DENGDAI》《HAIOUDEGUSHI》《KONGZHONGXIAOJIE》DENGQIANQIZUOPIN,SHIYONGLEJIJIXIANGSHANG、YOUMEICHUNZHENGDEHANYUSHUMIANYU,TONGGUOXUGOU、XIANGXIANGCHUANDACHUYOUMEISHANGGANDEQINGDIAO;ZHONGQI,QICHUANGZUOGUANNIANFASHENGLEZHUANBIAN,KAISHISHIZHUIQIUZIYOUZIZAIDEBIAOSHU,ZHUANERSHIYONGXIAOSHUOLAIBIAODAYIZHONGLINIAN, BIAODAZUOJIADUIYUXIANSHISHIJIEDEZHEXUESIKAO,RU《QIANWANBIEBAWODANGREN》《WOSHINIBABA》《WANDEJIUSHIXINTIAO》《GUOBAYINJIUSI》《YIDIANZHENGJINGMEIYOU》DENGWEIDIANXINGDAIBIAO;HOUQI,ZEZHUDONGXUNZHAOYUDAZHONGKOUWEI、SHICHANGJINGJI、YINGSHICHUANMEIDENGXIANGRONGHEDEQIHEDIAN,ZHUANXINGTOURUDAODAZHONGWENHUAZHIZHONG。RU《YIBANSHIHUOYANYIBANSHIHAISHUI》《WANZHU》《KEWANG》《BIANJIBUDEGUSHI》《YANGGUANGCANLANDERIZI》DENGDIANSHILIANXUJU、DIANYINGDEBOCHU。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   《QIANWANBIEBAWODANGREN》ZHEIBUZUOPINMIAOXIELEZHURENGONGTANGYUANBAOHUAJIHUANGDANDERENSHENGJINGLI,BARENXINGZHONGJIAECHOUDEZUILIANSILIECHENGXIANJIDUZHE。WULUNSHIYUYANYUNYONG、JIEGOUANPAI,HAISHIRENWUXINGXIANGSUZAO,“FANFENG”ZAIZHEIBUXIAOSHUOZHONGGUANCHUANSHIZHONG。BEIHEIGEERCHENGWEI“YISHUZHONGDEXINGSHIYOUXI”DE“FANFENG”FAZHANDAOXIANDAIZHUYIJIEDUANYIJINGCHENGWEIYIGECONGXINGSHIJIANJUNEIHANLIANGFANGMIANNEIRONGDEGAINIAN,D·C·MIKE(ZHOUFAXIANGYIZUO)《LUNFANFENG》ZHONGZHICHU:“FANFENGJIYOUBIAOMIANYOUYOUSHENDU, JIAIMEIYOUTOUMING,JISHIWOMENDEZHUYILIGUANZHUXINGSHICENGCI,YOUYINDAOTATOUXIANGNEIRONGCENGCI”,WULUNSHIXINGSHIHAISHINEIRONGQIYIYIZAIZUOPIN《QIANWANBIEBAWODANGREN》ZHONGDOUBEICHENGXIANCHULAI:ZAIXINGSHICENGMIAN,DUTEDEGEXINGHUAYUYAN,ZAIXIXUEYOUMOZHIJIANBAOHANZHEXUESIKAO;ZAINEIRONGCENGMIAN,TUOLIXIANSHIDEHUANGDANGUSHIJIEGOU,CHONGMANLEXIJUXINGYIWEIANHANWENHUASIKAO。

                                  一、口语化的京味语言中充满反讽色彩

                                  ZUOJIAWANGSHUO,QUESHISHIYIGEJIAYUYUYANDENENGSHOU。ZAI《1993SHIJIMODEXUANXIAO》ZHEIBENSHULITANDAOWANGSHUOYUYANTEDIAN“XIEXIAOSHUOZUIXIYINWODESHIBIANHUANYUYAN,BACI、JUDASAN,ZHONGXINZUHE,JIUCHENGXIANCHULINGWAIDEYISI”,WANGSHUOZUOPINLIYONGQIJIE、FANTAO、CHADUAN、BIANYI、BEILUN、ZAROUDENGSHOUDUAN,GESHIYUYANROUHEYIQI,YUYANHUIXIEYOUMO,TAOTAOBUJUE,JINGZHIBUZUQUEYINGZAIQISHISHANG,XINGCHENGLEYIDIAOKANKOUYUHUAWEIZHUDEJINGWEIYUYANTESE。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIZUOJIABIXIA ,YIQIEDOUKEYINALAIDIAOKAN:BULUNSHENME,JINGGUOYUYANDEJIAGONG,DOUKEYIZHENGHUAFANSHUO、ZHENHUAJIASHUO,FANFENGZICHAO。TANGYUANBAODESHENGHUOCHONGMANLEBEIQILINGHEBEIWURU,ZUOJIATONGGUOTUPOCHANGGUIDEQINGJIESUZAOHEYUYANYUNYONG,CHILUOLUODICHENGXIANCHULEBEIYANGEDETANGYUANBAODEJIAOLV、SILIEHECHUANGSHANG,JIDUZHEDAILAISHENKEDEZHENZHAN。RUTANGYUANBAOZAITANZUONVRENSHIFOUHANWEINANXINGSHENFENSHISHUO“WUSUOWEIHANWEI。MEIYOUSHENMEKEJIANCHIDE,YINWEIMEIYOUYIYANGSHIWOZIJIDE”。GUANKANRENTIZHANLANBIAOYANSHI,ZHAOHANGYUPIPANSHUO“YONGSU,CHUNCUISHILIYONGQUNZHONGLIEQIXINLI。WOJIUBUXINSHIJIANYOUSHENME‘REN’,GUAYANGTOUMAIGOUROU,YIDINGYOUSHIZHIHUANBANTUZHENGDEXINGXING”。BEISUNGUORENGAOZHIZHANLANGONGRENLIEQIDEJIUSHIWENZHONGZISHIZHIZHONGDENANZHUJIAO“TANGYUANBAO”DESHIHOU,ZHAOHANGYULENGZHUJIERDASHENGCHIZE“ZENMEKEYIZHEIMEQIPIANQUNZHONG,JIAMAOSHANGBIAOSHIYAOFANFADE”。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   ZUOJIAXUGOULEYIGEWENXUESHIJIE,CHUANGSHELEZIYOUFAHUIDEYUYANHUANJING,GESEDUIHUACHENGLEXIAOSHUODEZHUTI,TONGGUOTIHUANSHI、BIYUSHI、PUCHENSHIDENGYUYANSHOUDUANRANGXIAOSHUOZHONGDERENWUHUODUBAIHUODUIHUA,JINERCHUANDIZUOJIADUISHIJIE、RENSHENGBAOHANYOUTONGKUQINGGANDEFANFENGHESIKAO。“TANGYUANBAO”“TANGGUOTAO”YIJIZHONGSAIWEIDENGGEZHONGRENWUZAIWENBENSHIJIELIZHONGZHONGXINGWEIHEXINTAIRENZHIXIAOJIELESHENMIYUCHONGGAO,DUOLEZHENJIANANBIANHEHUAJIKEXIAO,XIAOGUOZHIHOUQUEYOULINGRENSHENGANCHENZHONG。

                                  二、荒诞故事结构充满喜剧性又暗含文化思考

                                  “存在主义之父”克尔凯郭尔指出:“反讽是无限绝对的否定性。它是否定性,因为它除否定之外,一无所为;它是无限的。”这种否定态度也淋漓尽致地体现在了王朔的创作中,借反讽来突显深刻的文化思考。
                                 

                                王朔小说《千万别把我当人》中的反讽技巧
                                 

                                棋牌大全下载安装   XIAOSHUOZHONG,“TANGYUANBAO”YIZHIGUANCHUANYUGUSHISHIZHONG,QIYEBEISUZAOCHENGLEYIGEFANFENGZHE。ZAIHUANGDANBUJIDEGUSHIQINGJIEZHONG,CONGZHEIYIRENWUKOUZHONGCHANSHULEHENDUOWENHUASIKAO,JIEHEJUTIGUSHIQINGJING,NIYOUHUIFAXIANZHONGZHONGWENHUAFANSIYOUDOUBEIZHIYUYIZHONGMOLENGLIANGKEBUQUEDINGDEYUJINGZHONG。GUSHIQINGJIEZHONG,XUNZHAODAMENGQUANCHUANREN、XUNZHAOYIHETUANFUXINGCHANGSILITAOSHENGDE“ZHUANGSHI”、XUNZHAOWEIYIHETUANSHIBAIFUZEDEZUIRENDENGDOUYOUTIXIAN,ZAIHUNLUANHUANGDANZHIZHONGJIYOUBUQUEDINGXINGXIJUYIWEI,YOUANHANDUILISHIWENHUAJIAZHIDESIKAO。

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                                棋牌大全下载安装   WANGSHUODUIWENHUAZHIXUDETAIDUSHI,YIXIXUEYUYANJIANGHONGDAXUSHISHUYUSUIYISHIYONG,JIECIXIAOJIEQIQUANWEIXINGHEYANSUXING。RUXIAOSHUOZHONGDUIYUTANGGUOTAODESHENPANCHONGMANHUANGDAN,YOUYU“XIANZAIQUEYIGEDUIHONGHONGLIELIEDEYIHETUANYUNDONGSHIBAIFUZEDEREN”,YUSHIJIUPANJUE111SUIDETANGGUOTAO“WUQITUXING,BODUOZHENGZHIQUANLIZHONGSHEN,……BUDESHANGSU”。ZHEIXIESHENZHICHONGMANXIJUXINGDEGUSHIQINGJIEXIAHANYUNZHEZUOJIABAOHANLEISHUIDESIKAOHEPIPAN。

                                  三、在戏谑幽默之间饱含哲学思考

                                  ZHEXUESIKAOBIAODAZHENLI,SHIDANYIHEMINGQUEDE;ERWENXUESHIPIYU,SHIDUOYIHEXIANGDUIDE。WENXUESHIDE“FANFENG”TONGGUOYANCIERYIBIDEFANGSHI,WEIMIAOYUHUIDICHENGXIANZAIDUZHEMIANQIAN。ZHEXUESHIDE“FANFENG”ZESHIYIZHONGJIANJIEDELIXINGYUANZE,SHIDUIGUSHIDEMAODUNZHENGTISUOZUODERENSHIHEBAWO。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   TANGYUANBAOBEIBIANXING,DIANXINGJUYOUFANFENGYIWEIHEYINRENSHENSIDESHILI,ZHISHIYINWEINANZIXIANGMUYUSAIZIGEBEIQUXIAO,ZAITAOLUNYANJIUHOU,“TANGYUANBAO”BIXUBIANXINGZUOWEINVXINGDAIBIAOLAICANJIANVZIXIANGMU。DUDAOZHEI,BUJINHUIWENWEISHENMEFEITABUKE?YINWEIZAIZHONGSAIWEIYANZHONG“WEILESHIZHEIZHANGLIANWANZHENG……TASHIMUQIANWOGUODELIANZHONGWEIYIDEQUANHUOERRENLE”,NANERSHENFENDE“TANGYUANBAO”DUIYAOBEIYANGEZHEIJIANSHIGUANZHONGDADESHIQINGQISHISHIBINGBUZAIHUDE,“DUIWOLAISHUO,ZUOZHEIGEJUEDINGHENRONGYI,JIUXIANGJUEDINGGEGEMANGCHANGGEGEBIANTAOTI……YINWEI,WOGENBENJIUMEIYOUGERENSHENGHUO”。ZAIJIESHOUJIZHECAIFANGSHI,TANGYUANBAODE“AIHEQIANGZHEZHANZAIYIQI”“KULEWOYIGEXINGFUNIMENDAJIAHUO”。CENGJINGDEBEIYUWEI “GUOJIATOUHAONANZIHAN”CIKEBEIDONGYUANZHUDONGJIARULEFUNVXINGLIE,NVRENMENDOUXIWANGBIANCHENGYIHUXUNCHANGDIXIONGMENGDE“MULAOHU”,BINANRENGENGXIONGCAN,XIANGYENIUYIYANGJIANGNANRENMEN“TIAOZAITOUSHANG……GAOGAODISHUAICHUQU”。RANGDUZHEZAITIXIAOJIEFEIZHONGSIKAORENDEJIAZHISUOZAIHELIANGXINGDEDUILIMAODUNCHONGTUGAIRUHEZAILIJIEZHONGDIAOHEDACHENGYIZHONGWANMANDELIANGXINGGUANXI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   RUTONGD·C·MIKEZAIQI《LUNFANFENG》YISHUZHONGZONGJIEDENEIYANG,FANFENGTONGCHANGBAOHANLEXIJUYINSU,GUSHISHIZHONGCHONGMANXIJUYIWEI。RUYINGZHANGUOWAIJINGDIDE“DAMENGQUAN”ZUHEZHEZHONGQIANGDIAO“GUANGSHIYONGBUXING,HAIYAOZHUYIXINGZHUANG……LUANQIBAZAODEWANGBAQUANJIUSHIYINGLE,YERANGRENCHIXIAO”,YAORONGHEMEIXUESIWEI,JINGGUOZAROUJIAJIEZHONGZU,ZUIZHONGBALEIWUDAODONGZUOTONGTICAOYUNDONG、ZAJIJUEHUO、CHUANGSHANGYUNDONGYIJIXIANDAIWUXIANGHUZAROUDE“DAMENGQUAN”YOULELINGYIFANYANGZI:BIANDEFUZA,HAOKANLE,GENGFUYUBIAOYANXINGHEGUANSHANGXINGLE。BISAIJIESHUHOU,NEIGEYIDENGSANLUNWEIMOUSHENGSHOUDUANDETANGYUANBAO,JISHIDENGSANLUNCHE,YERENGBUWANGHUAHUOER,TUIJIAODENGCHEDEZISHIHAOYOUMEIGAN,DENGCHEJIEZOUYEYAOANZHAOBALEIWUDEJIEZOULAIXINGJIN,FOUZEJIUSHILEMEI。ZHEIYIXILIEKANSIKEXIAODENEIRONG,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG,SHENKEFANYINGLECHONGMANMAODUN、BEILUNCHUJINGXIADEXIAORENWUDEJIAZHIMISHI,CHENLUNBUKEZIBARENGBUZIZHI。ZHONGSAIWEIMISHUCHUZAITANGYUANBAOBEISUZAODEGUOCHENGZHONG,HENZHONGSHIYISHICHENGXU,ERDUISHIWUBENSHENDEJIAZHIYIYIQUEMOBUGUANXIN。ZHEIWUXINGZHIZHONG,RANGDUZHEKANDAOLEZUOJIADUIYUSHIJIE、RENSHENGDEZHEXUESIKAO。

                                  XIAOSHUOJIEWEI,HANYIFENGFU。ZHURENGONGBEIXUNLIAN、CAOYAN、SUZAO、YANGEDENGYIXILIENIUQUBIANXINGDEHUODONGHOU,JIEJUSHIXINGCHENGLEZHEBITIANKONGDEJUDA“MOGUYUN”,JIEJUCHURENYILIAO,SHENSIHOUQUEYOUZAIYILIAOZHIZHONG。SHENGTENGDE“MOGUYUN”CHONGMANNONGZHONGHUNZHUODEYAYIGAN,WUQINGDIZENGSHENGFENLIEXIJUAN,YICENGCENGDUIJIZHIZHIPUTIANGAIDI,LINGRENZHIXIZHIGANXILAI。JUDADE“YINYING”ZAILOUSHA、JIEDAO、ZHUZHAIQU、GONGYUANLVDI、HUBOSHUIMIANSHANGLVEGUO,XIAOSHUOZHICIJIARANERZHI,SUOYOUDEYIQIEYOUJIANGZOUXIANGHECHU,ZUOJIABINGWEIJICHUDAAN,JIDUZHELIUXIALEWUXIANDESIKAOKONGJIAN。

                                  ZONGGUANZHENGBUZUOPIN,CHENGXIANCHULEZIYOUHUOBO、DADANPANNIDEWENHUAYINZI,ZUOJIAYIQIKOUYUHUADEJINGWEIYUYAN、CHONGMANXIJUXINGDEHUANGDANGUSHIJIEGOUZAIXIXUEYOUMOZHIJIANJIANG“FANFENG”ZHEIYIXIUCISHOUFAGUANCHUANSHIZHONG,QIZUOYONGSHIDUOCENGCIDE,JIFENGFULEZUOPINDENEIHAN,YEGUANZHAOLESHISUDERENSHENG。

                                  参考文献

                                  [1] 张志忠.1993世纪末的喧嚣[M].济南:山东教育出版社,1998年.
                                  [2] 王朔.千万别把我当人[M].北京:北京十月文艺出版社,2012年5月.
                                  [3] 汤晨溪译.(丹麦)索伦·奥碧·克尔凯郭尔.论反讽概念[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2009.
                                  [4]D·C·米克,周发祥(译).论反讽[M].昆仑出版社,1992年2月.
                                  [5] 粟向军.论京味文学语言的风格及特点[J].文化学刊,2017年7 月.
                                棋牌大全下载安装   [6] 吴秀明.王朔与王朔现象透视[J].海南师范学院学报,2000,(2).

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