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                      1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 俄国象征主义戏剧的美学特点分析

                        俄国象征主义戏剧的美学特点分析

                        时间:2019-03-16 13:27作者:刘颖
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于俄国象征主义戏剧的美学特点分析的文章,我借用鉴安德烈·别雷的观点,认为在俄国象征主义戏剧中象征是一种世界观,具备结构文本的效用,采取整体化的象征来构建戏剧,注重表现直觉与幻想,对现实现象加以形象和神话式的改编(塔格尔语),从中寻找还没有被人

                          摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 俄国象征主义戏剧主要以抒情诗为基础,并且在此基础上进行象征主义戏剧的创新发展,但是现在我们对这方面的认识还比较浅薄。本文主要从综合艺术倾向、抒情化和戏剧假定性等几个层面来分析俄国早期象征主义戏剧的美学特点。

                          关键词: 俄国象征主义戏剧; 勃留索夫; 伊万诺夫;

                        棋牌大全下载安装   EGUOXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUDEGAINIANSHISHENME?WORENWEIEGUOXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUJIUSHISUOWEIDEXIANGZHENGPAICHUANGZUO,BINGQIEGAICHUANGZUOJUYOUMINGXIANDEXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUTEDIAN。NEIMEJUYOUTESEDEXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUTEDIANSHISHENME?QIZHONGJIZHONGXIANGZHENGWU、SHIYONGANSHI、YINYUDENGBIAOXIANSHOUFASHIFOUKEYIGUIJIEDAOXIANGZHENGZHUYITESEXIANMINGDEFANCHOUZHONGQUNI?WOJIEYONGJIANANDELIE·BIELEIDEGUANDIAN,RENWEIZAIEGUOXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUZHONGXIANGZHENGSHIYIZHONGSHIJIEGUAN,JUBEIJIEGOUWENBENDEXIAOYONG,CAIQUZHENGTIHUADEXIANGZHENGLAIGOUJIANXIJU,ZHUZHONGBIAOXIANZHIJUEYUHUANXIANG,DUIXIANSHIXIANXIANGJIAYIXINGXIANGHESHENHUASHIDEGAIBIAN(TAGEERYU),CONGZHONGXUNZHAOHAIMEIYOUBEIRENMENFAXIANDEYISHUQIANZHI,BAYONGYUANHEQISHIKONGBIAOXIANRONGHEQILAI。ZHENGRUYIWANNUOFUBAJUZHONGRENWUSHIWEI“ZUOWEIZHENGGERENLEIDEWO”,EGUOXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUBAXIANGZHENGZUOWEIYIZHONGSIWEIXINGSHILAIYINDAORENMENDEMINGYUNFAZHAN,WAJUERENLEISHENGCUNDESHIZHI。

                          一、综合艺术倾向问题

                          EGUOXIANGZHENGZHUYIZHEYINWEISHOUDAONICAI“ERYUANCHONGDONG”SIXIANGDEYINGXIANG,RENWEIKEYISHIYONGCHUNCUIJIUSHENCHONGDONGDEYINLEZUOWEIZHUYAOGANZHIMOSHI,CAIQUFEILIXINGDEFANGSHILAIBAWOSHIJIEDEBENYUAN。HAIYOU,EGUOXIANGZHENGZHUYIZHEZANTONGWAGENADEMEIXUEGUANDIAN,RENWEIWEILAIDEYISHUSHI“ZONGHEDEYISHU”。WEI·YIWANNUOFUXUANCHENG“WEILAIXIJUYINGSHIZONGHEXIJU,SUOYOUDEYISHULEIXINGDOUXUYAORONGHEZAIXIJUDONGZUOZHONG”。ZAI1905NIANDESANBUJUZHONGWOMENKEYIFAXIAN,EGUOXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUDEZHUYAOTEZHENGJIUSHIBAYINLEHEXIJUXIANGJIEHE,JUZUOZHONGRONGRULEHENDUOHECHANG、LUNCHANG、QICHANGDENGYINLEYAOSU。

                          二、抒情化倾向问题

                          YINLEHEXIJUZHIJIANDEGUANXISHIDEXIANGZHENGZHUYIGENGJIAZHUZHONGBAZISHENSHUQINGSHICHUANGZUOHESHIZHONGDUYOUDESHUQINGYINSURONGHEQILAI,GENGHAODIFANKUIDAOXIJUZHONG。SHUQINGHUASHISANBUJUZUOGENGSHIEGUOXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUDEZHUYAOTEDIAN。DANSHIEGUOXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUZHONGSHUQINGYINSUBINGBUSHISHIGECHUANGZUODEZHUYAOYUNWEN,QIZHONGHAIYOUNEIXIECHONGFENFAHUIYANYUBIAOXIANLIDEFEIYUNWENYIJIFEISHITI。YINCI,EGUOXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUSHUQINGHUABUSHIJIANDANDIJIARUYUNWENHUOFENXINGSHITI,ERSHIXIJUCONGXUSHIYUDIAOZHUANXIANGSHUQINGYUDIAO,ZHEIJIUDUIXIJUMOSHIZAOCHENGLECENGMIANSHANGDEZHUANBIAN。TAICI、RENWU、QINGJINGSHUOMINGHEXIJUCHONGTUDENGDUOFANGMIANYINSUDOUKEYIFAXIANZHEIZHONGBUTONG。

                          (一)台词抒情化

                          SHOUXIAN,BASHUQINGHEXIJUJIEHEZUIGUANJIANDEWENTIJIUSHIZENYANGJIEJUEJUBENZHONGDESHITITAICI。1905NIANZHENDUIZHEIFANGMIANDEWENTITICHULEXIANGGUANDEJIEJUEFANGAN。WEI·YIWANNUOFUCAIYONGLEGUXILABEIJUDESHITIXINGSHI,QIJUMING《TANTALUOSI》TONGYANGYESHIGUXILABEIJUSHIRENAISIKULUOSIYIBUSHICHUANJUBENDEMINGZI。ZHOUSIZHIZITANTALUOSIZIMINGBUFAN,GANGBIZIYONG,WEILEZHANGSHENGBULAODAOQUSHENGSHI,DANSHIYEWUFABAITUOMINGYUNDEJIASUO。JUBENSHIYONGSANBUYIYANGGESHITIXIECHENG,QISHUQINGYUDIAOYIGUXILABEIJUWEIZHU,QIJIUSHENSONGSHISHUQINGSHIHEXIJUDEGUANJIANSUOZAI。WEI·YIWANNUOFUXIWANGTONGGUOZHEIZHONGQUNTIHECHANGDEMOSHIHEZHURENGONGDUIBAIDEJIUSHENSONGTICAI,RONGRUXIANGYINGDEXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUCHUANGZUO。SUOYIQUNTIHECHANGZAIXIJUZHONGDEZUOYONGYEBURONGHUSHI。

                          (二)人物描写抒情化

                        棋牌大全下载安装   BUDANTAICIZHONGYAO,JUZUOJIAHAIXUYAODUIRENWUDEWAIMAOHEDONGZUOJINXINGXIANGYINGDEMIAOXIE。RENWUBUZAISHIYIXIANSHIWEIJICHUZAIXIJUZHONGJINXINGZAICIZHANXIAN,ERSHIYONGYOUBIJIAOJIANQUANDEXINGGEXUSHU、SHEHUIBEIJINGDENGXINXI,BINGQIEYOUCIFAZHANDAOSIXIANGHEXINLIZHUANGTAIDENGFANGMIAN。XIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUDUIYURENWUDESHUQINGMIAOXIESHIDEGUOQUDEXINGGEMIAOXIEBUZAIZHANJUZHUYAODIWEI,BUZAIDANCHUNJINXINGXINGGEXUSHU,ERSHIJINXINGYISHITEDIANDECHUANDI。

                          (三)冲突抒情化

                          戏剧冲突的抒情化处理在三部剧中的展现也比较重要。和冲突关系最为紧密的就是人物关系。戏剧人物关系可以划分成为矛盾关系和非矛盾关系。矛盾关系可导致抵触或冲突,非矛盾关系的结果是非冲突。其中非矛盾关系最为重要。坦塔罗斯盗取圣餐的行径、叶莲娜用美貌毁灭爱她之人和探索者涅瓦特利冲破反对者阻挠终致人们毁灭的行为均未发展成现实主义戏剧中常见的外部冲突。
                         

                        俄国象征主义戏剧的美学特点分析
                         

                          三、戏剧假定手法问题

                          “GENGGAODEZHENSHI、GENGSHENKEDEXIANSHI”JIUSHIXINGSHIDECHUANGXIN,ZHEISHIDEEGUOZAOQIXIANGZHENGZHUYIXIJUBUZAISHOUXIANSHIZHUYIDESHUFU,ERGENGJIAZHUZHONGTANSUOXIJUDEJIADINGXING,ZHEIYESHI19SHIJIMOXIJUXIANDAIHUATANSUODEZHUYAOFANGSHI。BOLIUSUOFUZAI《BUXUYAODEZHENSHI》ZHONGDUIBILEDIAOSUJIADECHUANGZUOHEJUZUOJIADECHUANGZUO。DIAOSUJIABUNENGDIAOCHURENWUDEXINLINGHEQINGGAN,SUOYIZHINENGTONGGUOXIANGYINGDEROUTILAIZHANXIAN,DANSHIJUZUOJIAQUEBUTONG,GENGDUODIZHUZHONGJINGSHENCENGMIANZHONGDEROUTIXINGDONG,RANGYANYUANNENGGOUZAIJINGSHENCENGMIANGANSHOUROUTIDEJIAZHI。LIYONGXIJUDEJIADINGXING,JIADINGFANGSHIFENWEILIANGZHONG:SHOUXIANSHIBUNENGRUYUANXUSHUSHIJIQINGKUANG。LIRU,“GUNIANGXIANGMEIGUIYIYANGMEI”,XUSHURENYUANZHIDAOGUNIANGNIANQINGMAOMEI,SUOYIBUNENGYONGYUYANBIAODA,HUOZHEJIUSHIGUYIWEIZHI。BOLIUSUOFUJULEGUXILABEIJUZHONGGONGDIANBUJINGDELIZI。ZAIGUXILABEIJUZHONG,ZHIYAOJINXINGSHIDANGDEANPAI,GONGDIANJIUKEYIBIANCHENGFANGJIANNEIJING、HAIBIAN、GUANGCHANGDENG,DANGRANYEBUHUIYINGXIANGGUANZHONGDEZHUYILI。GUANZHONGGENGJIAZHUZHONGDONGZUO,ERBUSHIBUZHI。BOLIUSUOFUZHUZHANGXIANDAIXIJUCONGZHEIZHONG“BUXUYAODEZHENSHI”ZHONGTUOSHEN,YUNYONGGUXILAXIJUYOUYISHIDEJIADINGSHOUFA。ZAISHIJIANZHONG,1905NIANDESANBUJUYEDOUHUODUOHUOSHAODIFUHELEBOLIUSUOFUZAI1902NIANTICHUDEZHEIGEYAOQIU。

                          参考文献

                          [1]姜训禄.仪式在俄国象征主义戏剧场面中的功能和形式[J].俄罗斯文艺,2017(03):31-40.
                          [2]孙大满.论俄国早期象征主义戏剧美学的特征[J].甘肃社会科学,2015(02):83-86.
                          [3]余献勤.宗教、神话和抒情——试论俄国象征主义戏剧类型[J].解放军外国语学院学报,2014,37(02):145-151.

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