棋牌大全下载安装

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                                      1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 《雨中的猫》和《白象似的群山》中的“冰山原则”探析

                                        《雨中的猫》和《白象似的群山》中的“冰山原则”探析

                                        时间:2019-03-20 13:37作者:李国金
                                        本文导读:这是一篇关于《雨中的猫》和《白象似的群山》中的“冰山原则”探析的文章,厄内斯特·海明威是20世纪美国最负盛名的作家之一,1954年诺贝尔文学奖给其的颁奖词中提到他精通叙事艺术,对当代文体风格影响巨大。

                                          摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 以简练文风着称的美国文坛巨匠海明威在其两篇对话体短篇小说《雨中的猫》和《白象似的群山》中,通过采用白描手法刻画人物、象征手法描写物象、外聚焦型叙事视角展现对话和制造零度结尾,将其“冰山原则”的写作手法淋漓尽致地体现出来,提供了无限的想象空间和更大的情感冲击,是零度写作中的经典。

                                          关键词: 海明威; 冰山原则; 白描; 象征;

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                                          这两部短篇主要通过白描手法、象征手法、外聚焦型叙事视角和零度结尾,充分体现了海明威写作的冰山原则。
                                         

                                        《雨中的猫》和《白象似的群山》中的“冰山原则”探析
                                         

                                          一、白描手法

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                                          二、象征手法

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                                        棋牌大全下载安装   JIU《YUZHONGDEMAO》ERYAN,QUANSUOZAIYUZHONGDEMAOXIANGZHENGZHENVZHURENGONGZIJI。ZHEIZHIMAOGUKUWUYI,DAYUZHONGZHINENGZANGZAICHUANGYANXIASESEFADOU。ERNVZHURENGONG,SUIRANSHIHEZHANGFUYIQILAIYIDALILVYOU,DANQUEWANQUANMEIYOUDUJIADEKUAILE,LIANGRENMAOHESHENLI,MEIYOUGONGTONGYUYAN。QIZIKEWANGDEDAOZHANGFUDEGUANZHUHETENGAI,XIWANGTANENGGOULIJIEZIJI,NENGGOUDONGDEZIJIDESUQIU,DANZHANGFUQUEBIAOXIANDESHIFENLENGMO。AIQINGHEXINGFUYIRANBUZAI,YOUSHANGGUJIDENVZHURENGONGZHENGXIANGYUZHONGNEIZHIMAOYIYANG,ZAIXINLISHANGWUYIWUKAO。

                                        棋牌大全下载安装   ZAI《BAIXIANGSIDEQUNSHAN》ZHONG,“BAIXIANG”ZHEIGEYIXIANGJUYOUDIANXINGDEXIANGZHENGYIYI。JIUKAITOUDEYIDUANHUANJINGMIAOXIEHEDUIHUABIANKEYOUSUOGANZHI:GUNIANGZHENGZAITIAOWANGYUANCHUQUNSHANDELUNKUO。SHANZAIYANGGUANGXIASHIBAISEDE,ERXIANGYEZESHIHUIHESEDEGANBABADEYIPIAN。“TAMENKANSHANGQUXIANGYIQUNBAIXIANG。”TASHUO。“WOCONGLAIMEIYOUJIANGUOXIANG,”NANRENBAPIJIUYIYINERJIN,“NISHIBUHUIJIANGUO。”[4]322DUDAOZHEILI,DUZHEBUJINHUICHANSHENGYIWEN:SHANZENMEHUISHIBAISEDENI?NVHAIBASHANBIZUOBAIXIANG,XIANGZHENGZHETAFUZHONGDETAIER。YIFANGMIANSHIYINWEIMIANYANQIFUDESHANLUANXIANGYUNFUDEDUZI,LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAIYINGYUZHONGBAIXIANGZHIANGGUIERWUYONGDEDONGXI,ERZHEIGEHAIZISUIRANSHITAMENAIQINGDEJIEJING,SHISHANGDICIJITAMENDELIWU,NVHAIJIANGQISHIRUOZHENBAO,ERNANRENZEDUIQIYANEZHIJI,BUBUWEIYINGYAOSHUOFUNVHAIQUZUODUOTAISHOUSHU,RENWEIZHEIGEHAIZISHIZUAITAMENXINGFUDEBANJIAOSHI,JIEJUEDIAOLEZHEIGEHAIZICAISHIZHENZHENGJIEJUELETAMENZHIJIANDEMAODUN,SUOYISHIZHENGUIERWUYONGDEDONGXI。YEXUZHEIGEBIYUZHISHINVHAISUIJIXIANGDAODE,QISHIXIATIANZHANGMANSHUMUDESHANHEBAIXIANGZHIJIANBINGMEIYOUBIRANLIANXI,ERZHEIYANGDEBIYUQIAQIASHINVXINGDEWULIXINGDEQINGGANDEYIZHONGBIAOXIAN,ERXIANGJIAOYUNANXINGLAISHUO,NVXINGDEXIANGXIANGLIQUESHIGENGSHENGYICHOU。TAZHEIYANGSHUO,SHIXIANGYINQITADEZHUYI,XIWANGTANENGJINERGUANXINZIJI,QIDAITAWENZIJIWEISHENMEYAOZHEIYANGSHUO,ZHENGMINGTAHAISHIZAIHUTADE,HAISHIXIANGYAOLEJIETADENEIXINSHIJIEDE。DANNANRENDEFANYINGQUELINGTADASHISUOWANG,TAGENBENBUGUANXINZHEIXIE,YIXINZHIXIANGZHERANGTAQUZUOSHOUSHU。ERZHEIDUANHUANJINGMIAOXIEZHONGDE“XIANGYEZESHIHUIHESEDEGANBABADEYIPIAN”[4]322CHENGXIANCHUYIFUCANGLIANGDEJINGXIANG,HAOWUSHENGJI。ZHEIPIANQUESHUI、QUESHENGMING、XIANGZHENGSIWANGDETUDI,ANSHIZHEDUOTAI[5],JIDUZHEYIBUXIANGDEYUGAN,TAIERDEXINGMINGKANYOU。

                                          《BAI》ZHONGDEQITAWUXIANGYEJUYOUQIANGLIEDEXIANGZHENGYIYI。LIRU,CHEZHAN。GUSHIFASHENGDEDIDIANHENSHIYIWEISHENZHANG,CHEZHANSHILIANGGEDIFANGZHIJIANDEZHONGZHUANCHU,YESHIRENSHENGGUIJIKENENGFASHENGGAIBIANDEDIFANG。BINGQIEXINGLISHANGTIEMANLETAMENCENGJINGGUOYEDELVDIANDEBIAOQIAN,SHUOMINGTAMENYIJINGLVYOULEHENDUODIFANG,NANZHURENGONGXIHUANZHEIYANGDIANPEILIULIDANZIYOUZIZAIDESHENGHUO,ERNVZHURENGONGZEXIWANGANDINGXIALAI,SHENGERYUNV。XIANRANZHEIERRENDEGUANNIANHEDUIWEILAIDEQIWANGBINGBUTONG,SUOYIZHUDINGBUNENGZAIYIQI。WENZHANGZHONGLIANGTIAOTIELUXIANANSHITAMENDERENSHENGJIURULIANGTIAOPINGXINGDETIEGUI,ZHONGJIUBUHUIXIANGJIAO,TAMENZAISHIFOUDUOTAIZHEIGEWENTISHANGFENQIHENDA,ZUIZHONGWUFAXIANGBANYISHENG。LINGWAI,HAIYOUXUDUOZHEIYANGDEXIANGZHENG,“BAISEDESHANGANGQIFULIANMIAN”[4]321XIANGZHENGNANNVZHURENGONGXINCHAOPENGPAI、JIAOZAOBUANDENEIXINQINGGAN;ZHANGZHESHUMUDENONGTIANYUYUCONGCONG,SHENGJIANGRAN,XIANGZHENGZHESHENGMING。DANNVZHURENGONGZAIZUIHOUKANDAODEQUESHI“GANHEDEHEGUHEQUNSHAN”,SHUOMINGTADUIYUTADESUOYOUHUANXIANGHEMEIMENGYIJINGPOMIE,NEIXINQILIANG,SHIWANGZHIJI,KANDAODEJINSHISHUAIBAIDEJINGXIANG,TONGSHIYERANGDUZHEWEITAFUZHONGDETAIERNIEYIBAHAN。

                                          三、外聚焦型叙事视角

                                          LIANGBUXIAOSHUODOUCAIYONGWAIJUJIAOXINGXUSHISHIJIAO,TONGGUOJIJIANLIANDEDUIHUA,TIXIANLEHAIMINGWEIXIEZUODEBINGSHANYUANZE。WAIJUJIAOXINGXUSHISHIJIAODEZUIXIANZHETEZHENGSHIJIDUDEKEGUANXINGHEZHENSHIXING,XUSHUZHEBISUOYOURENWUZHIDAODEDOUYAOSHAO,ZHINENGRUSHIJILURENWUWAIBUDEYANYUHEXINGWEIBINGZHONGSHIFANYINGJIDUZHE,WUFAZOUJINRENWUDENEIXINSHIJIE,WUFAJIESHIHESHUOMINGRENHEYINBIDEYIQIE。ZHEIQIAQIAFUHEBINGSHANYUANZE——JINKENENGYINNIRENWUDENEIXINHUODONGHEZUOZHEDEZHUGUANPINGLUN,LIUXIAGENGDADEXIANGXIANGKONGJIANJIDUZHEQUTIYANRENWUDESIXIANGQINGGAN,WAJUENEISHENZANGYUSHUIXIABAFENZHIQIDESHENKENEIHAN[6]。ZUOZHESHENGLVEDIAOLEHENDUODETISHIHEMIAOSHU,JIANGNANNVZHURENGONGZHIJIEDEQINGGANBIAODAHESIXIANGJIAOLIUYINZANGQILAI,SHENZHILIANTAMENDEBIAOQING、DONGZUODOUSHINENGSHENGZESHENG,KANBUDAOQITAXIAOSHUOZHONGCHANGJIANDEDADUANXINLIMIAOXIE。ZUOZHEJINQIZUIDAKENENGYINZANGGERENQINGXUHEZHUGUANYISHI,PAOQILERENHEDAIYOUZHUGUANSECAIDEPINGLUNHEJIESHI,FANGFOZIJIZHISHIYIGEDAIZHEXIANGJILUGUOZHEILIDEREN,PENGQIAOKANDAOLEZHEIYIQIE,BINGBATAMENLULEXIALAI。《BAI》ZHONGZHANXIANDEJINJINSHISHIJIANBENSHEN,SHIFUZAISHUIMIANSHANGDEBINGSHANSHANGDENEI“BAFENZHIYI”,ZHIYUBEIHOUDEGUANXI、GUSHI、FAZHANDENG,ZUIZHONGGUNIANGDEJUEDINGSHISHENME,LIANGGEZHURENGONGSHIFOUHUIJIXUZAIYIQISHENGHUO,SHENZHILIANDUOTAISHOUSHU,ZUOZHEDOUMEIYOUMINGQUEBIAOSHU,DOULIUJIDUZHEZIJIQUTIWEILE。

                                          四、零度结尾

                                          《YU》YU《BAI》CAIYONGKAIFANGXINGJIEWEIMOSHI,YEJIUSHISUOWEIDELINGDUJIEWEI。YONGZHEIZHONGXUANERWEIJUEDEFANGSHIJIEWEI,SHIGUSHIKANSHANGQUYIJINGJIESHUERYOUHAOXIANGMEIYOUJIESHU,JIUXIANGSHIMEIYOUJIEWEIYIYANG,JIYUDUZHECHONGFENDEXIANGXIANGKONGJIAN。

                                        棋牌大全下载安装   《YUZHONGDEMAO》ZHONG,ZAILVDIANLAOBANPAISHINVWEINVZHURENGONGSONGLAIYIZHIDADAIMAOMAOZHIHOU,GUSHIJIARANERZHI,ZHIYUNANNVZHURENGONGSHIZENMEYANGDEFANYINGYIJITAMENYIHOUHUIZENMEYANG,BUZAIJIAODAI。GUSHIZHONGFUQIERRENMEIYOUSIXIANGSHANGDEJIAOLIU,ZHANGFUDUIQIZIMOBUGUANXIN,SHENZHILIANLVDIANLAOBANZHEIYANGDEMOSHENGRENDUITADEGUANXINDOUBITAZHANGFUDEYAODUO。ERZHEIZHIDADAIMAOMAOBIJINGBUSHIQICHUTAXIANGYAOXIAQUZHUODENEIZHI,JIUFANGFOBIERENDEGUANXINZHONGJIUTIDAIBULEZHANGFUDEAI,KEZAIDANGSHI,KELIANDETAYOUNENGRUHE?FARENSHENSHENGDEJIEWEILIUJIDUZHEWUXIANDEXIANGXIANGKONGJIAN。

                                        棋牌大全下载安装   《BAIXIANGSIDEQUNSHAN》DEJIEWEIZESHIZAINVZHURENGONGBEIBUBUJINBIKUAIDAOBENGKUIDEBIANYUANSHI,LIANYONGQIGE“QING”ZI,QIUNANZHURENGONGBUYAOZAISHUOLE。DANYIHUIERZHIHOU,QUESHUO“WOJUEDEHAOJILE”[4]328。DUZHEKEYIGANSHOUDAOGUSHIDADAOGAOCHAOSHINVHAIDEJUEWANGZHIQING,YENENGTIHUIDAOGUSHIJIEWEICHUTADUIZHEIGENANRENYIJINGBUZAIBAOYOURENHEHUANXIANGHEXIWANGLE。ZUOZHEHAOBUDONGXINDI、KEGUANZHICHENDIJILULEZHENGGEGUSHI,MEIYOUCHANZAZIJIDEZHUGUANQINGGAN,TADEWENZIMEIYOUGAOSUDUZHETAMENSHIFOUZUOLESHOUSHU,TAMENSHIFOUHAIHUISHENGHUOZAIYIQIDENGDENG,ZHEIWUSHUZHONGKENENGXINGDOULIUJIDUZHEZIJIQUXIANGXIANGLE。

                                        棋牌大全下载安装   ZONGERYANZHI,ZAI《YUZHONGDEMAO》HE《BAIXIANGSIDEQUNSHAN》ZHEILIANGBUDUANPIANXIAOSHUOZHONG,TONGGUOCAIYONGBAIMIAOSHOUFAKEHUARENWU、XIANGZHENGSHOUFAMIAOXIEWUXIANG、WAIJUJIAOXINGXUSHISHIJIAOZHANXIANDUIHUAHEZHIZAOLINGDUJIEWEI,CHONGFENTIXIANCHUHAIMINGWEI“BINGSHANYUANZE”DEXIEZUOSHOUFA,DAIJIDUZHEGENGDADEXIANGXIANGKONGJIANHEQINGGANCHONGJI。ZHEIZHONGBAISEDE、ZHICHENSHIDEXIEZUOFENGGEHOULAIBEILUOLAN·BAERTEGAODUZANYU,ZHEILIANGBUDUANPIANYEBEIRENWEISHILINGDUXIEZUODEDIANFANZHIZUO。

                                          参考文献

                                          [1] 海明威.死在午后[M].金绍禹,译.上海:上海译文出版社,2011:193.
                                          [2] 张晓花.海明威“冰山原则”下的小说创作风格[J].安徽师范大学学报:人文社会科学版,2009(1):108—111.
                                          [3] 陈洁.解析《白象似的群山》中的“零度写作”[J].鞍山师范学院学报,2010(3):56—58.
                                          [4] 海明威短篇小说全集(上)[M].陈良廷,等,译.上海:上海译文出版社,2004.
                                          [5] 曲静,温晶.从象征手法看“冰山原则”——论《雨中的猫》与《白象似的群山》中象征手法的运用[J].湖北经济学院学报:人文社会科学版,2009(6):102—103.
                                          [6] 史康.海明威的“冰山原则”在《白象似的群山》中的完美体现[J].海外英语,2012(5):209—230.

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