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                          2. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 英语论文 > 英美文学翻译中中西文化差异的影响与应对

                            英美文学翻译中中西文化差异的影响与应对

                            时间:2018-12-24 09:57作者:李璇
                            本文导读:这是一篇关于英美文学翻译中中西文化差异的影响与应对的文章,顾名思义,“文化差异”就是两个地方文化的不同。而文化,是一个国家历史的积淀,也是对国家和民族风土人情、生活习惯、传统习俗的继承。

                              摘    要: 中华历史文化源远流长,但中国的文化思想总体还属于保守一派。西方文化与西方人的个性特点一样,开放而大胆。两种文化的差异体现在人们的生活习性、风俗习惯、文学之中。本文针对中西方文化的差异对英美文学翻译产生的影响进行深入分析。

                              关键词: 中西方文化差异; 英美文学翻译; 影响与解决对策;

                              GUMINGSIYI,“WENHUACHAYI”JIUSHILIANGGEDIFANGWENHUADEBUTONG。ERWENHUA,SHIYIGEGUOJIALISHIDEJIDIAN,YESHIDUIGUOJIAHEMINZUFENGTURENQING、SHENGHUOXIGUAN、CHUANTONGXISUDEJICHENG。YIGEGUOJIA、YIGEMINZUDEWENHUAZAOJIULEZHEIGEGUOJIAGUOMINDESIXIANGFANGSHI,ERWENHUADECHAYI,YEJIUZIRANZAOJIULELIANGGEBUTONGDIQURENMINSIXIANGFANGSHIDECHAYI。YOUXIEZIMIANYISIJIANDANDEYINGYUJUZIHENNANFANYICHENGZHONGWEN,JIUXIANGSHIXIANGYAOBAGUSHIHOUDEWENYANWENFANYICHENGYINGYUYIYANGNANDUJIAODA,YINWEIMEIYIGEGUDAIHANYUDEWENZIDOUYOUTADUTEDELISHIBEIJING,XIANGYAOFANCHULAIBIXULEJIEQIBEIJING。

                              1、 中西文化差异对英美文学翻译的影响

                            棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIXIFANGWENHUADANGZHONG,YINGMEIWENXUESHIXIANGDANGYOUDAIBIAOXINGDE。ZAIWAIGUORENKANLAI,WENHUAHEWENXUEYESHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE。XIANGYAOZHANKAIYINGWENDEYOUXIAOFANYI,XUYAOZHANGQIDALIANGJILEIYINGWENZHISHICAIXING。DANXIANGYAOZHANGQILEIJIZHEIGEZHISHILIANGBINGBUSHIYIJIANRONGYIDESHIQING,BENLAIZHONGXIWENHUAJIUYOUMINGXIANDECHAYI,HENNANJIANGYINGMEIWENXUEWANMEIDIFANYIGUOLAI,ZHEIDUIYUFANYIDEZHILIANGZAOCHENGJIAODADEYINGXIANG(GAOXIAOHUI、ZHANGYUAN、LIZHUO,2016)。

                              1.1、 中西习俗和价值观的差异

                              ZHONGXIYINWEIDIYUBUYIYANG,ZAIXUDUOXISUSHANGDOUYOUJIAODADECHAYI。DATISHANGLAIKAN,DIQIUSHANGDERENDUIYUZHISHISHUIPINGDERENZHIDOUCHABUDUO。ERSHIJISHANG,BICIDECHAJUHAISHIJIAODADE。DANSHITONGYIGEGUOJIABUTONGDEMINZUJIUHUIYOUJIAODADECHABIE,KANDAIWENTIDEFANGSHIYEBUYIYANG,CHULISHIQINGYEGEYOUSILU。ZHONGXIFANGDEXISUCHAYIJIAODA,ZHEIYESHIDEZAIFANYISHANGCUNZAIJIAODADECHAJU。

                              LIRU,ZAIHANYULIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG“GOU”SHIDAIYOUBIANYIDE,BIRU“GOUZIDUI”“ZOUGOU”DENG;ERXIFANGRENCONGLAIBUHUIYONG“GOU”ZHEICILAIWURUTAREN。XIFANGRENBAGOUKANZUOSHIRENLEIZUIZHONGSHIDEPENGYOUSHENZHISHIJIATINGCHENGYUAN,SUOYIYINGWENZHONGZHEICIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGHANYOUBAOYI,XIANG“lucky dog”ZHIDESHIXINGYUNER,SHIYIGEBAOYICIHUI。

                              随着时代的发展,中西交流在语言上必定会使用英语,那么想要进行有效沟通就必须理解中西文化的差异。中国拥有5000年悠久的历史文化,从古至今人们的价值观注重集体主义,为集体利益着想,在必要时刻甚至可以为团队牺牲自己。相反西方文化崇尚个人主义精神追求自由,总体价值观以自我为中心,同时大部分的西方国家崇拜超级英雄主义。这些都足以见得,中西两方文化差异还是较大的,所以在翻译上必定会有较大的影响(黄玲玲、王苗苗、沈洁,2013)。
                             

                            英美文学翻译中中西文化差异的影响与应对
                             

                              1.2、 思维方式的差异

                            棋牌大全下载安装   CONGSIWEIFANGSHIYEKEYIMINGXIANKANCHUZHONGXIFANGDEWENHUACHAYI,ZAIYUYANDEJIEGOUSHANG,YINGYUJUZIJIEGOUSHANGZHUZHONGZHUWEIBINJIEGOUXINGSHI,DUIYU“TATATA”QUFENDESHIFENQINGXI。ERQIEHANYUJUZIDEJIEGOUDANGZHONG,XIANGDUIBIYINGYUZHUZHONGZHUWEIBIN,GENGZHUZHONGDONGCIDEJIEGOUYUSHI。DAOZHIZHEIXIANXIANGDEZHUYAOYUANYINHAISHIXIFANGRENZHUIQIUZIYOUHEGERENZHUYIJINGSHEN,ERGUORENSHOUDAOGUDAIRUJIASIXIANGDESHENYUANYINGXIANG,ZHUZHONGTUANDUILIYIHETUANDUIJINGSHEN。

                              RENMENDESIWEIFANGSHIYIJIGERENZHUIQIUDOUMINGXIANBIAOSHICHUZHONGXIFANGWENHUAZHIJIANDECHAJU,YINWEIDIYUBUTONG,CHANSHENGLEBUTONGDEXISUHEBUTONGDEWENHUAYIJIBUTONGDELINIAN。ZHEIYESHIDEZHONGXIFANGKANDAISHIWUHUORENDESHENMEISHANGYOUMINGXIANDEBUTONG。YINCIZAISHIJIDEFANYIZHONGYAOKAOLVZHONGDUOYINSU,GENJUWENHUAXISU、SIWEIFANGSHIDENGJINXINGFANYI。ZHIYOUZHENGQUEDIRENSHIDAOBICIZHIJIANCUNZAIDECHAYI,CAINENGGENGZHUNQUEDIJIANGQIFANYI(ZHAOLU、WANGYU、CENGLI,2018)。

                              2、 减少中西文化差异对英美文学翻译影响的方法

                              ZAIZHENGGEYINGMEIWENXUEFANYIZHONG,ZHONGXIWENHUADECHAYIDUIDUIFANYIZHUNQUEXINGYINGXIANGJIAODA。YAOXIANGZUODAOZHUNQUEFANYI,JIUYINGSHENKELIJIECIJUHOUMIANDEWENHUANEIHAN。HAIYAOLIXINGKANDAIBUTONGDIYUZHIJIANCUNZAIDEWENHUACHAYI,YINGGAIDUIXIFANGWENHUAYOUYIDINGDELEJIE,CAINENGGENGHAODIZHANKAIYINGMEIWENXUEDEFANYIGONGZUO。

                              2.1、 了解西方神话以及西方文化

                            棋牌大全下载安装   GUXILALUOMASHENHUAHE《SHENGJING》YIZHIDOUSHIXIFANGRENZHULIUXINYANGDEZHEZUO,ZAIYINGMEIWENXUEFANYIZHONGDANGZHONG,HUODUOHUOSHAODOUHUISHEJIDAOGUXILALUOMASHENHUAYIJI《SHENGJING》DANGZHONGDEWENHUAZHISHI。DUIYUXIFANGRENERYAN,ZHEIXIEZUOPINSHIHEXINJIAZHIGUANDETIXIAN,SUOYIXIFANGRENSHOUDAODEYINGXIANGXIANGDUIJIAODA。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   ZAOZAIYINGMEIWENXUEDINGSHENGSHIQI,SHEHUIWENHUADONGDANGJIAODASHI,XIFANGRENHENDUOJIANGZIJIDEXIWANGDOUJITUOYUGUXILALUOMASHENHUAHE《SHENGJING》GUSHIZHONG,BANGRENMENDUGUONANGUAN。YINCI,XUDUOMEIYINGDEWENXUEZUOPINHUODUOHUOSHAOHUIYOUSHEJIGUXILALUOMASHENHUAHUO《SHENGJING》SHANGDENEIRONG。SUOYI,ZAIZUOYINGWENWENXUEZUOPINFANYISHI,YIDINGYAODUIQIYOUYIDINGDELEJIE,QINGCHUDIZHIDAOLIMIANDENEIRONG,RUGUOBUNENGGOUSHENTOULIJIEKENENGZAIFANYIZUOPINHUICUNZAIJIAODADECHAYIXING。ZAIYINGMEIZUOPINZHONG,HAIYAOKAOLVDAOZUOZHEDESIXIANGYEHUISHOUDAOGUXILALUOMASHENHUAHE《SHENGJING》DEYINGXIANG。

                              2.2、 重视中西方文化差异对翻译的影响

                              SUIZHESHEHUIFAZHAN,JINGJIDEBUDUANTISHENG,GEXINGDEYAOQIUYUELAIYUEGAO,ZUOWEIFANYIGONGZUOZHEZAIJINXINGFANYIZHIQIANDOUYAODALIANGDIFANYUEWENXIANZILIAOHEXIANGGUANNEIRONG。CHONGFENLEJIEZHONGXIFANGWENHUADECHAYI,ZHEIXUYAOXIANGGUANCONGYERENYUANCONGDUOGEFANGMIANJINXINGXINXIZIYUANXISHOU,QUANFANGWEILEJIE,ZHEIYANGCAINENGQUANMIANDIRENSHIDAOZHONGXIFANGWENHUAZHIJIANDECHAYI。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   TONGGUODUOZHONGQUDAOLAIKUOZHANZISHENDEWENHUAJIAOJINENGLI,MUQIANWANGLUOXINXIHUADEPUJIDAQILEGEGUOZHIJIANDEQIAOLIANG,KEYITONGGUOZAIHULIANWANGSOUSUOXIANGGUANZILIAOJINXINGLEJIE,WEIFANYIGONGZUOZUOHAOCHONGZUDEZHUNBEI,JIANGFANYIGONGZUOYOUXIAOLUOSHI。RUGUOTIAOJIANYUNXU,FANYIRENYUANKEYIQINSHENQUTIYAN,LEJIEBUTONGDIQUDEFENGSUXIGUANYUWENHUACHAYIZHEIYANGGENGYOUZHUYUFANYIGONGZUO,TONGSHIHAINENGTISHENGZISHENDEGANWUNENGLI。

                              2.3、 熟悉英语词汇的隐喻意义

                            棋牌大全下载安装   BUTONGGUOJIAZAIWENHUAJIAOLIUGUOCHENGZHONG,FANYIWANGWANGSHIZUINENGTIXIANWENHUACHAJUDE,YESHIYIZHONGYOUXIAODECHUANBOFANGSHI。ZAIFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,KEYIJIANGBUTONGDIQUDEWENHUAYOUXIAORONGHE、QUZHANGBUDUAN。BUJINZAIWENHUASHANGHUIQUDEJINBU,HAINENGYOUXIAODICUJINSHEHUIJINGJIFAZHAN。ZAIFANYIGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOJIEHESHIJIQINGKUANG,DUIYUBUTONGDIQUDEYUYANHEWENZI,ZAIBIYAOSHIYAOJINXINGZHUANHUA,TONGSHIHAIYAOZHUZHONGWENHUACHAYI,JIANGCHAYISHIDANGRONGHEJINQU。WOGUOJIAOYUDUIYINGYUXUEKESHIFENZHONGSHI,XUESHENGCONGXIAOXUEDAODAXUEDOUKAISHEYINGYUKECHENG。YINGYUZUOWEIZHONGXIWENHUAGOUTONGDEQIAOLIANG,QIZHONGYAOXINGBUYANERYU。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   YINGYUCIHUIHUIYOUDUOZHONGYISI,LIRU:“World of Warcraft”ZHEIGECIZUZHONGDANDUNACHU“Warcraft”,ZHIDESHIZHANLVE、ZHANSHU、BINGFADEYISI,DANSHIYUNYONGZAIZHEIGECIZUDANGZHONG,ZHIDESHIMOSHOUDEYISI。MEIGEDANCIBINGMEIYOUJUEDUIGUDINGDEYISI,YAOKAOLVSHANGXIAWENDEGUANXI。ZHEIYEKEYITIXIANCHU,YINGYUDECIHUIHEYUJUFANYIBUDANYAOYOUYIDINGDELINGHUOXING,HAIXUYAODALIANGZHANGSHIJIANDEJILEI。ZAIJINXINGYINGMEIWENXUEZUOPINFANYISHI,YINGYUZHONGDEYANYU、LIYUXIANGYAOZHUNQUEFANYICUNZAIYIDINGNANDU。SUOYIZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIAXUYAOFANYIZHEJIEHEZHONGXIWENHUACHAYI,ZAILIJIEYUANWENDEJICHUSHANGZAIJINXINGFANYI。

                              3、 结语

                            棋牌大全下载安装   BENWENZHENDUIZHONGXIFANGWENHUADECHAYIDUIYINGMEIFANYIDEYINGXIANGJINXINGFENXI。YINGYUZUOWEISHIJIESHANGYUNYONGZUIGUANGFANDEYUYANZHIYI,ZAIZHONGXIFANGYOUHAOJIAOLIUGUOCHENGBIBUKESHAO。ZHONGXIFANGYUYANBIAODAFANGSHIYOUZHEHENDACHAYI,HENDUOSHIHOUMEIBANFATONGGUOZHIJIEFANYILAICHUANDAWENZHANGDEYISI。

                              XIANGYAOFANYIHAOYIGEGUOJIADEYUYAN,JIUXUYAOSHENRUDILEJIEZHEIGEGUOJIADEWENHUABEIJING,ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAINENGLIJIEDAOTAZHENZHENGDENEIHAN。BAYIZHONGYUYANXIANGYAOBIAODADEYISIWANZHENGBINGZHENGQUEBIAODACHULAI。ZHEISHIDUIZHEIGEYUYANDEZUNJING,YESHIDUIZHEIGEGUOJIADEZUNJING。ZUOHAODUIYINGMEIYUYANDEFANYI,SHIZHONGXIFANGGUOJIA,BIAODAYOUHAOGUANXI、HEPINGGONGCHU、HEZUOJIAOLIUDEBIYAOTIAOJIANZHIYI。

                              参考文献

                              [1] 陈翠兰.解读中西方文化差异下的英美文学作品翻译[J].语文建设,2014(2):73.
                              [2] 高小慧,张媛,李卓.文化差异对英美文学翻译的影响研究[J].黑龙江教育学院学报,2016,35(6):115-117.
                              [3] 黄玲玲,王苗苗,沈洁.中西方文化差异对英美文学翻译的影响及对策[J].长春教育学院学报,2013,29(17):65-66.
                            棋牌大全下载安装   [4] 赵璐,王宇,曾莉.跨文化语境下英美文学翻译文化差异解析[J].黑河学院学报,2018,9(5):151-152.

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