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                              2. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 英语论文 > 英汉翻译实践中语用翻译理论的运用

                                英汉翻译实践中语用翻译理论的运用

                                时间:2018-12-30 10:03作者:李莎
                                本文导读:这是一篇关于英汉翻译实践中语用翻译理论的运用的文章,语用翻译理论是近年来产生的一种全新的翻译理论,是语用学与翻译领域相互融合的产物。语用学理论的核心在于如何在特定语境中理解语言的使用问题。

                                  摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 伴随着语用学理论的深入发展,其在多个领域得到了广泛应用。在英汉翻译中引入语用学理论有其必然性。本文系统阐述了语用翻译理论在英汉翻译实践中应用的必要性,并对其应用流程进行了大致的描绘,最后从语境的设定与关联原则两个方面分析了英汉翻译实践中语用翻译理论的应用细节。

                                  关键词: 语用翻译理论; 英汉翻译实践; 应用;

                                  YUYONGFANYILILUNSHIJINNIANLAICHANSHENGDEYIZHONGQUANXINDEFANYILILUN,SHIYUYONGXUEYUFANYILINGYUXIANGHURONGHEDECHANWU。YUYONGXUELILUNDEHEXINZAIYURUHEZAITEDINGYUJINGZHONGLIJIEYUYANDESHIYONGWENTI。YUYONGXUEJIANGWENBENCONGYUYANHUANJINGZHONGGUODUDAOLETEDINGYUJINGZHONG,JINERCHAOTUOLEWENBENBENSHENDEYUYANFANCHOU,TONGGUODUIHUIHUANEIRONGDEFENXIYIJIXUNZHAOZUIJIAGUANLIAN,SHIXIANLEDUIYUYANGONGNENGYIYIDEQUANMIANRENZHI。BANSUIZHEYANJIUDECHIXUSHENRU,YUYONGXUEYIJINGBEIGUANGFANDIYONGYUERYUXIDE、RENZHIYUYANXUEYIJIYUYANJIAOXUEDENGXIANGGUANLINGYU。

                                  一、语用翻译理论在英汉翻译实践中应用必要性

                                  FANYIDEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANDIXISHOUQITAXUEKELILUNDEJINGHUA,ZAIJIANRONGBINGXUDETONGSHI,FANYILILUNDEYISHENGHUAYUFAZHAN,CONGERWEIFANYIGONGZUODEKAIZHANTIGONGLEGENGJIAXIANGSHIDELILUNYIJU。YUCITONGSHI,YUYONGXUEYEJINGLILESHUSHINIANDEFAZHAN,BEIGENGDUODEXUEZHESUOGUANGFANGUANZHU,LILUNGENGJIAWANSHAN,BEIGUANGFANYONGYUYUYANXIDE、YUYANJIAOXUEYIJIFANYIDENGXIANGGUANLINGYU,GENGDUODEXUEZHEKAISHIYANJIUYUYONGXUELILUNDUIYUFANYISHIJIANGONGZUODEZHIDAOJIAZHI。SUIZHEYUYONGXUELILUNYIJIFANYIZHIJIANDELIANXIBUDUANJINMI,YUYONGXUEBUTONGYANJIULINGYUSUOHUODEDECHENGGUODOUNENGGOUWEIFANYIGONGZUOTIGONGGENGJIAKEXUEHEWEIGUANDEFENXISHOUDUAN,LIRUGUANLIANLILUN、YANYUXINGWEILILUN、YUSHEDENGNEIRONG。YUYONGXUELILUNNENGGOUYOUXIAODIJIEJUEFANYIJINCHENGZHONGXIANGGUANYUYANKENENGHUICHUXIANDESHIYONGWENTI,SUOYIBEIGENGDUODEXUEZHEYONGYUFANYISHIJIANDANGZHONG。YUYONGXUEBENSHENDUIYUFANYIYOUZHEJIAOQIANGDEJIESHILI,SHIDEWOMENKEYICONGQUANXINDESHIJIAOJIESHIFANYIGUOCHENGZHONGSUOYUDAODEGEZHONGWENTI。FANYIHEYUYONGXUEZHIJIANDERONGHEYETIGONGLEQUANXINDEFANYILILUNMOSHI,WEIGOUJIANFANYIXUELILUNYUFANGFATIGONGLEZHIDAO。CHUCIZHIWAI,YUYONGXUELILUNYOUZHUYUYIZHEGENGHAODILIJIEWENZHANGDEYISI,DANGCAIYONGMUDEYUZAIXIANYUANWENYISIDESHIHOU,YEYAOPINGJIEYUYONGXUEZHISHIDEBANGZHU。CHUCIZHIWAI,ZAIFANYIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHISHENYUWENBENSUOYINGZAODEYUJINGXIA,LIJIEWENBENDEYUYONGYIYIYEYOUZHEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEYIYI。

                                  二、语用翻译理论在英汉翻译实践中的应用流程

                                  YINGHANFANYIGUOCHENGDAZHIKEYIFENCHENGSANGEJIEDUAN,FENBIESHIYUANWENBENFENXIJIEDUAN、YIYUBIAODAJIEDUANYIJIYIWENDEZHONGXINZUZHI。

                                  DIYI,YUANWENBENFENXIJIEDUAN。ZAIFANYIYIPIANWENBENDESHIHOU,XUYAODUIYUANWENBENDEJIEGOU、CIHUIYIJIJUFAJINXINGZHENGTIFENXI,YIZHEYAOJUBEIYIDINGDEWENHUA、YUYANYIJIYUJINGZHISHI。GAIGUOCHENGJIUSHIRANGYIZHEZAIYUEDUDEJINCHENGZHONGTUIDUANCHUZUOZHEDEJIAOJIYITUYIJIXINXIYITU。ZUOZHETONGCHANGHUITONGGUOYIXIELUOJI、CIHUIXINXIJIANGWENBENDEJIAOJIYITUBIAOLUCHULAI,YINDAODUZHEJINRUJIDINGDEYUJINGZHONG,WEIZUOZHELIJIEWENBENNEIRONGZUOHAOPUDIANGONGZUO。JIAOJIYITUTONGCHANGSHIZUOZHEXIWANGWENBENSUODADAODEJIAOJIMUDE,CONGERYINFADUZHEDEGONGMING。YIZHEHUIGENJUZISHENDUIYUWENBENYUJINGDELIJIE,XUANZEHEZUOZHEJIAOJIYITUZUIWEITIEQIEDEJIASHE。

                                  第二,译语表达阶段。该阶段是翻译的核心阶段,其将原文本语码转变为译语语码。译者在观察以及分析原文本语码,充分了解作者交际意图以及信息意图的前提下,采用译语语码传达出和作者原文语码相似的交际目的。译者要对原文本的语境进行仔细的分析,掌握一定的翻译方法,比如使用意译法以及直译法,依托相关学科知识,再现原文本的信息意义以及交际意义。此外,了解英汉之间的差异性,同样也是译者需要具备的重要素质,英语和汉语在组织形式、词汇以及社会文化背景等层面都存在着一定的差异性,译者要注重采用和译语相仿的表达形式,从译语所处的语言文化环境出发,转换语码。
                                 

                                英汉翻译实践中语用翻译理论的运用
                                 

                                  DISAN,YIWENZHONGXINZUZHIJIEDUAN。DAIFANYIGONGZUOJIEJINJIESHUDESHIHOU,XUYAODUIYIWENJINXINGZAICICHUANGZUO,ZAIBAOCHIYUANWENBENYUYIDEQIANTIXIA,ZHONGXINPINGGUYUZUZHIYIWENNEIRONG,SHIDEYIWENNEIRONGNENGGOUGENGJIAWANZHENG、JIANJIE,TONGSHIBAOCHIHELIDELUOJIJIEGOU,TISHENGYIYUDUZHEDUIYUWENBENDEJIESHOUDU,JIANGYUANWENZUOZHEDEZHENSHIJIAOJIYITUHAOWUBAOLIUDICHUANDIJIYUANWENZUOZHE。XIANGYAOSHIXIANYUANWENYIJIYIWENZHIJIANDEWANQUANDUIDENGSHIFEICHANGKUNNANDE,DANSHIZAIFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YIRANYAOZUIDAXIANDUDIBAOCHIZHEIZHONGDUIDENGGUANXI,ZHEIDUIYUYIWENXINXIDECHUANDIYOUZHEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。

                                  三、语用翻译理论在英汉翻译实践中的应用

                                  1. 顺应原文语境

                                  YUJINGBENSHENJIUSHIYIGEDONGTAIHUADEGAINIAN,SHIYUYONGFANYIDEHEXIN。CONGYUYANSHIYONGCENGMIANLAIKAN,YUJINGKEYIFENCHENGLIANGZHONGBUTONGDELEIXING,FENBIESHIYUYANYUJINGHEFEIYUYANYUJING。QIZHONGYUYANYUJINGFANZHISHANGXIAWENGUANXI,FEIYUYANYUJINGZESHIWENBENNEIRONGZHONGDESHIJIAN、DIDIAN、RENWUGUANXIYIJISHEHUIWENHUADENGZONGHEHUADENEIRONG。YUJINGDUIYUYIZHEQUANMIANLIJIEYUANWENZUOZHEDEZHENSHIYITU,CONGERFANYICHUYUYUANWENNEIRONGXIANGFANGDEYIWENYOUZHEJIWEIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。FANYISHIYIZHONGKUAYUYANYIJIKUAWENHUADEJIAOJIXINGWEI,XUYAOFANYIZHEYAOCHONGFENLIJIEYUANWENDENEIRONG,CONGYIWENDUZHEDEYUJINGCHUFA,SHIDEYIWENBUDANDANZHISHICHUANDICHUYUANWENZUOZHESUOCHUANDICHUDEWENBENHANYI,TONGSHIYEYAOSHIDEYIWENNENGGOUZAIXIANYUANWENDENEIHANYIYIYUWENTIFENGGE,SHIDEYIWENDUZHEKEYIDEDAOHEYUANWENDUZHEXIANGTONGDEYUEDUTIYAN。BIRUHANYUZHONGJINGCHANGCHUXIANDEYIXIEXINDEWANGLUOCIHUI,TAMENZAIFANYIDESHIHOUCUNZAIGONGXING。YINGYUDANGZHONGDEKENLAOZUZAITEDINGYUJINGZHONGNENGGOUBEIFANYICHENG“the NEET not in education,employment,or training.”SHENGNVZENENGGOUBEIFANYICHENG“3S lady single,seventies,and stuck”。CONGZHEIXIECIHUIZHONGWOMENJIUNENGGOUFENXICHUQIDATIWENHUABEIJING,HAIYOUZHAINANTONGCHANGBEIFANYICHENGotaku,ZHAINVZEBEIFANYICHENGotaku girl。ZAIBIRUSENNV,moriTONGCHANGBEIRENWEISHISENLINDEYISI,YINCIANZHAOYUYANXIGUAN,SENNVJIUBEIFANYIWEImorigirl,ZHIDAIDESHINEIZHONGZAISENLINZHONGSHENGHUODEGAOLENGNVZI。

                                  2. 注重关联原则

                                  YUANWENBENTONGCHANGHUICUNZAIDUOGEFANYIWENBEN,SUIRANZHEIXIEWENBENDOUNENGGOUBAOZHENGKUANGJIADEWANZHENGXING,DANSHIBUTONGFANYIWENBENDOUHUIHUODUOHUOSHAODICUNZAIYUYUANWENYUYIZHIJIANDEPIANCHA。ANZHAOGUANLIANLILUNDEYAOQIU,FANYIGONGZUOXUYAOJIAQIANGDENGXIAOFANYI,YIZHEXUYAOZHENGQUERENSHIDAOYUANWENDEYUYI,SHIBIEYUANWENDEZHENSHIYITU,RANHOUFENXILIANGZHONGBUTONGDEYUYAN,SHIXIANYUANWENBENYUYIYUZHIJIANDECHAYIZHUANHUA,BAOZHENGYIWENKEYIJUBEIYIDINGDEKEJIESHOUXING。CHUANTONGFANYILILUNDANGZHONG,FANYIRENYUANTONGCHANGJIANDANDIJIEDUYUANWENBENDEZIMIANYISI,HENSHAOHUIKAOLIANGWENBENZHONGYUNHANDEWENHUACHAYI,ZHEIYANGBIANHUICHANSHENGYUYISHANGDEPIANCHA,SHIDEDUZHENANYILIJIEYUANZUOZHEDEYITU。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,GUANLIANLILUNDESHIYONGJIUXIANDEYOUWEIZHONGYAO。GUANLIANLILUNJIUSHIJIANGJIAOJIKANZUOSHIYIGETUILIGUOCHENG,YIZHEPINGGUZHENGGEJIAOJIDEQINGJING,BINGCHUANDACHUZISHENDEJIAOJIYITU。HUANYANZHI,ZAIYIDINGDERENZHIHUANJINGYIJIWENHUACHAYIXIA,WUFAZHIJIEFANYI,ERSHICAIYONGTUILIDEXINGSHIPANDINGZUOZHEDEYITU。BIRU,ZAIHUODETARENBANGZHUYIHOU,HANYUZHONGWOMENTONGCHANGHUISHUO“NINXINKULE!”ZHEIJUHUAHENNANZHAODAOQIADANGDEYIWENJIAYIFANYI。WEICI,KEYICONGDANGQIANDEYUJINGCHUFA,SHIYONGYUYONGXUEDENGXIAOYUANZEYIJIGUANLIANLILUN,JIANGQIFANYIWEIGood job,thanks/All your efforts are highly appreciated/Thank you for your work!CONGZHEIXIEFANYIZHONGNENGGOUFAXIAN,GUANLIANLILUNKEYIJIEJUEDUOZHONGFANYINANTI,SHIDEYIWENNENGGOUBAOCHIGENGHAODEKUANGJIAJIEGOU,RANGDUZHEGENGHAODILIJIEYUANWENYUYI。

                                  参考文献

                                  [1]尹静.语用学理论在翻译中的实践应用--评《商务英语语用翻译简论》[J].河北经贸大学学报(综合版),2016,16(4).
                                  [2]胡奇军.高校英汉翻译理论与技巧探究——评《实用英汉互译理论、技巧与实践》[J].新闻爱好者,2018,492(12).
                                  [3]刘俊.语用标记理论在英汉主题句翻译中的应用——以《在卡洛琳·巴尔大妈葬礼上的演说词》为例[J].译苑新谭,2015(10).
                                  [4]李馨,李堃.语用等值理论在翻译实践中的运用[J].湖北函授大学学报,2015(10).
                                  [5]张新红,何自然.语用翻译:语用学理论在翻译中的应用[J].现代外语,2001,24(3).

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