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              当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 英语论文 > 姚莘农与王佐良《雷雨》译本中的语用模糊性

              姚莘农与王佐良《雷雨》译本中的语用模糊性

              时间:2019-02-21 09:28作者:张玉娇
              本文导读:这是一篇关于姚莘农与王佐良《雷雨》译本中的语用模糊性的文章,《雷雨》是经典的戏剧作品,其人物对话有不少语用模糊的例子,而正是这种模糊性,使戏剧情节更加曲折,人物形象更加丰满。但在对外文化传播中,如何准确地将这种模糊性表现出来,就成了文学翻译者的一项艰巨任务。

                摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 语用模糊指说话人在特定语境中使用不确定的、模糊的或间接的话语,向听话人同时表达数种言外行为或言外之力。这种语言表达方式在曹禺的着名戏剧《雷雨》中多次被运用,可以说是中国戏剧语言魅力的表现之一;但在翻译中如何处理这种语言模糊性,则是一个值得商榷的问题。对比《雷雨》两个英译版本,可以清楚地看到翻译作品对语用模糊性的不同处理,这一探索能为学界今后的语用模糊翻译打开一条思路。

                关键词: 语用模糊; 《雷雨》; 英译;

                《LEIYU》SHIJINGDIANDEXIJUZUOPIN,QIRENWUDUIHUAYOUBUSHAOYUYONGMOHUDELIZI,ERZHENGSHIZHEIZHONGMOHUXING,SHIXIJUQINGJIEGENGJIAQUZHE,RENWUXINGXIANGGENGJIAFENGMAN。DANZAIDUIWAIWENHUACHUANBOZHONG,RUHEZHUNQUEDIJIANGZHEIZHONGMOHUXINGBIAOXIANCHULAI,JIUCHENGLEWENXUEFANYIZHEDEYIXIANGJIANJURENWU。YINWEIMOHUXINGSHIZHONGGUOYUYANSIWEIDEGONGTONGTEZHENG,ZIGUYILAIRENMENZAIJIAOLIU、XIEZUOZHONGDOUZHONG“YIHE”ERBUSHI“XINGHE”,LIRUKONGZIZHONGSHI“REN”,DANDUI“REN”MEIYOUYIGEMINGQUEDEDINGYI。ERXIFANGSIWEIDETEZHENGZESHIZHUZHONGJINGQUEXING,WULUNSHIWENXUE、HUIHUAHAISHITIANWEN、DILIDENG,XIFANGSHIJIEDERENMENZHUIQIUDEYIZHIDOUSHIHELIDELUOJIYUJINGQUEDEBIAODA。YINCIZAIZHONGGUOWENXUEZUOPINYINGYIGUOCHENGZHONG,WEILERANGDUZHEGENGHAOLIJIEYUEDU,YIZHEBUDEBUJIANGMOHUXINGYUYANZUOJINGQUEHUACHULI,DANTONGSHIYOUBUNENGBEILIYUANWENYISI。

              棋牌大全下载安装   BENWENZHUYAOTONGGUOBIJIAOFENXIYAOXINNONGYUWANGZUOLIANGDUI《LEIYU》DEBUTONGFANYIBANBEN,FENBIECONGDUOZHONGYUYONGMOHU、SHUANG/SHUZHONGYUYONGMOHU,YIJIYUPIANYUYONGMOHUSANFANGMIANZHANKAIJULILUNSHU,QUEDINGNAZHONGFANYINENGGENGHAODIZHANXIAN《LEIYU》ZHONGDEYUYONGMOHUXING。

                一、多重语用模糊(pragmatic multivalence)

                DUOZHONGYUYONGMOHUSHIZHIZAIHUAYUJIAOJIZHONGSHUOHUARENWANGWANGHUIDUIBUTONGDETINGHUARENBIAODABUTONGDEYANWAIXINGWEI。HUANJUHUASHUO,SHUOHUARENDUIMOUYITINGHUARENCHUANDIYIGEXINXIDETONGSHI,YEZAIXIANGLINGYIGETINGHUARENCHUANDALINGWAIYIGEXINXI。

                LI:

                ZHOUFANYI:NIKAN,NIRANGGEGEXIEYIXIE,TAYUANYIYIGERENZUOZHEDE。

                ZHOUPING:(YOUXIEFAN)NEIYEBUJIANDE,WOZONGPAFUQINHUILAI,NINHENMANG,SUOYI——

                ZHOUCHONG:NIBUZHIDAOMUQINBINGLEME?

                ZHOUFANYI:NIGEGEZENMEHUIBAWODEBINGFANGZAIXINSHANG?

                ZHOUCHONG:MA!

                ZHOUPING:NINHAOYIDIANLEMA?

                周繁漪:谢谢你,我刚刚下楼。
               

              姚莘农与王佐良《雷雨》译本中的语用模糊性
               

              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHEIDUANDUIHUAZHONGSHEJIZHOUFANYI、ZHOUPINGHEZHOUCHONGSANGEREN。DANYINWEIZHOUCHONGBINGBUZHIXIAOZIJIMUQINYUDAGEZHIJIANAIMEIDEGUANXI,GUTAYECHAJUEBUDAOMUQINDUITASHUODEHUASHIJIYEZAIANFENGZHOUPING,YOUCICHANSHENGLEYIZHONGHUAYUMOHUXING。LIRU,TADUIZHOUCHONGSHUO“TAYUANYIYIGERENZUOZHEDE”,ZAIZHOUCHONGKANLAIMUQINYEXUZHISHIPINGDANDICHENSHUDAGEAIDUZIJINGCHUDESHISHI;ERDUIYUZHOUPINGLAISHUO,ZHOUFANYISHIZAIFENGCITAJINLAIBUZAIYUTAXIANGHAO,YUTAGUANXIYUJIASHUYUAN。YINGYIBENSHIZHEIYANGCHULIDE:

                You see,your brother likes to be alone.(YAOXINNONGYI)

                I expect he wants to be left alone.(WANGZUOLIANGYI)

              棋牌大全下载安装   HENMINGXIAN,YAOXINNONGDEFANYISHIBAZHOUPING“YUANYIYIGEREN”DEBIAODAZHUANHUANCHENGLETAPINGRIJIUXIHUANDUCHUDEYIZHONGZHUANGTAI,ERWANGZUOLIANGDEFANYIJINJINZHUANDALEZHOUPINGCIKEGENGYUANYIDUZILIKAI,MEIYOUCHUANDACHUZHOUFANYIHUAYUJIANDUIZHOUPINGDEWAKUMAIYUAN,YINCIYAOXINNONGDEFANYICHULIGENGFUHEYUANWENYIYUN。

              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHEIDUANDUIHUADELINGYIJU“NIGEGEZENMEHUIBAWODEBINGFANGZAIXINSHANG”,TONGYANGYEJUYOUHUAYUMOHUXING。ZAIZHOUCHONGTINGLAI,MUQINSHIDANCHUNDIHUIDADAGEDUITABINGQINGDEBUWENBUWEN,ERZAIZHOUPINGTINGLAIDUOLEYISIZEBEIDEWEIDAO。ZHOUFANYIDEDUOCIDUOZHONGYUYONGMOHUDOUBIAOXIANLETAKEWANGZHOUPINGDUIZIJIDEGUANXIN,DANTONGSHIYOUPABIERENFAXIANZIJIDUIZHOUPINGDEZHEIZHONGGANQING。ZHEIJUHUAYINGYIBENSHIZHEIYANGCHULIDE:

              棋牌大全下载安装   How can your brother take my illness as his heart’s concern?(YAOXINNONGYI)

              棋牌大全下载安装   Why should be worry his head about my being ill?(WANGZUOLIANGYI)

              棋牌大全下载安装   TONGYANG,YAOXINNONGDEFANYIZAIZUNZHONGYUANWENDEJICHUSHANGGENGNENGCHUANDACHUZHOUFANYIDEYANWAIZHIYI,“his heart’s concern”ZAIBIAOSHILEZHOUPINGBUGUANXINTADEBINGQINGDETONGSHI,YERANGDUZHEGANSHOUDAOLENEIZHONGZEBEI,YINWEI“heart”YICIZAIYINGYUBIAODALITONGYANGYOU“ZAIHU”DEYIWEI。ERWANGZUOLIANGYONG“why”ZUOFANWENJU,JINJINSHIBIAOXIANLEDUIZHOUCHONGWENTIDEDAFU,BINGQIE“head”YICIZHISHIBIAODALE“ZHIXIAO”HUO“BUZHIXIAO”DEYISI,WANQUANMEIYOUCHUANDACHUDUIZHOUPINGDEYANWAIZHIYI。GUHAISHIYAOXINNONGBANDEFANYIJIAOHAO。

                二、双/数重语用模糊(pragmatic bivalence/plurivalence)

                SHUANG/SHUZHONGYUYONGMOHUSHIZHIZAIYANYUJIAOJIZHONGYOUSHISHUOHUARENHUITONGGUOYIGEHUAYUDUITONGYITINGHUARENBIAODALIANGGEHUOZHEDUOYULIANGGEDEYANWAIZHIYI,YOUSHIZHEIJIGEYANWAIZHIYISHENZHIHUIJIERANXIANGFAN。

                LI:

                LUGUI:PINGSHIZONGSHINIXINHAO,ZHAOGUZHEWOMEN。NINZHEIYIZOU,WOTONGZHEIYATOUDOUDEDIANJIZHENINLE。

              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHOUPING;(XIAO)NIYOUMEIYOUQIANLEBA?

                LUGUIZAIMINGMIANSHANGSHIZAIWENHOUZHOUPING,DANSHITAYUANBENKEYIZHISHUOZIJIDUIZHOUPINGDEDIANJI,QUEHUAWAIYOUHUADIJIASHANGLE“ZHEIYATOU”,TASHIZAIANSHIZHOUPING,ZIJISHIZUIQINGCHUTAYUSIFENGZHIJIANAIMEIGUANXIDEREN。BINGQIEZHEIYANGDEANSHIKENDINGBUSHIYICILIANGCILE,YINWEIZHOUPINGSHIXIAOZHEFANWEN,“YOU”MEIQIANLEBA,ZHEIGE“YOU”ZIJIUNENGKANCHUZHEISHILUGUIXIANGZHOUPINGLESUOQIANKUANDEGUANYONGSHOUDUAN。RUHEZHUNQUEFANYI“DIANJI”ZHEIGECIJIUSHIZUIDADENANDIAN:

                When you depart,this slave girl of mine and I will be thinking of you.(YAOXINNONGYI)

                My daughter and I will miss you.(WANGZUOLIANGYI)

                YAOXINNONGJIANG“DIANJI”YIWEI“think of”,WANGZUOLIANGZEYIWEI“miss”。ZAILANGWENCIDIANZHONG,“think of”DEYINGYIJIESHISHIkeep in mind for attention or consideration,“miss”DEJIESHIZESHIto feel sad because someone you love is not with you,CONGYINGYIJIESHIZHONGKEYIKANCHU,ZHEILIANGGECIDEQUBIEJIUZAIYUmissDAIYOUYIDINGDEGANQINGCHENGFEN,SHENZHIZHIJIESHIYIZHONGAI,ER“think of”JINJINSHINAOHAIZHONGDEYIGEXIANGFAERYI。YOUCIKEJIAN,ZAIYINGWENZHONGmissDEGANQINGCHENGDUGENGSHENHOUYIXIE。CANZHAOYUANWEN,LUGUIZAICIXIANGSHUODEQISHISHISIFENGDUIZHOUPINGDEAIYUGUANQIE,YINCIYONG“miss”YICIGENGNENGFANYINGCHUERRENZHIJIANDEGUANXI,RANGZHOUPINGYIXIALIJIEQIZHONGDEYUYI,GUWANGZUOLIANGDEFANYIGENGTIEHEYUANWEN。

                三、语篇语用模糊(discoursal ambivalence)

                YOUSHIYUYONGMOHUFASHENGZAIYUPIANDECENGMIANSHANG,ZHEIZHONGYUYONGMOHUCHENGWEIYUPIANYUYONGMOHU。YUPIANYUYONGMOHUTONGCHANGSHITINGHUARENNANYIBIANQINGQIZHONGSUOBIAODADEYANWAIZHIYI。

                LI:

              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHOUPOYUAN:(TURANTAIQITOULAI)WOTINGRENSHUONIXIANZAIZUOLEYIJIANHENDUIBUQIZIJIDESHIQING。

                ZHOUPING;(JING)SHEN——SHENME?

                ZHOUPOYUAN:(DISHENGZOUDAOPINGDEMIANQIAN)NIZHIDAONIXIANZAIZUODESHISHIDUIBUQINIDEFUQINME?BINGQIE——(TING)——DUIBUQINIDEMUQINME?

                ZHOUPING:(SHICUO)BABA。

              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHOUPOYUAN:(RENCIDI,NAZHEZHOUPINGDESHOU)NISHIWODEZHANGZI,WOBUYUANYIDANGZHERENTANZHEIJIANSHI。(TING,CHUANYIKOUQIYANLIDI)WOTINGSHUOWOZAIWAIBIANDESHIHOU,NIZHEILIANGNIANLAIZAIJIALIHENBUGUIJU。

              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHOUPING:(GENGJINGKONG)BA,MEIYOUDESHI,MEIYOU,MEIYOU。

              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHOUPOYUAN:YIGERENGANZUOYIJIANSHIJIUYAODANGYIJIANSHI。

              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHOUPING:(SHISE)BA!

                ZHOUPOYUAN:GONGSIDERENSHUONIZONGSHIZAITIAOWUWOLIGUIHUN,YOUQISHIZHEISANGEYUE,HEJIU,DUQIAN,ZHENGYEDIBUHUIJIA。

                ZHOUPING:E,(CHUANCHUYIKOUQI)NINSHUODESHI——

                ZHOUPOYUAN:ZHEIXIESHISHIZHENDEME?(BANSHANG)SHUOSHIHUA!

              棋牌大全下载安装   ZHOUPING:ZHENDE,BABA。(HONGLELIAN)

                ZHEIDUANDUIHUAZHONGZHOUPOYUANZHIWENZHOUPINGSHIFOUZUOLECUOSHI,DANTADEYUYANHANHUBUQING,YOUQISHI“DUIBUQINIDEFUQINME?BINGQIE——(TING)——DUIBUQINIDEMUQINME”“NIZHEILIANGNIANLAIZAIJIALIHENBUGUIJU”ZHEILIANGJUHUA,RANGZHOUPINGYIWEISHUODESHIZIJIYUJIMUZHOUFANYIDEBULUNZHIQING,YIZHIJINGHUANGSHICUO。CAOYUDEYUYANMOHUXINGYUZHENGPIANWENZHANGYUJINGHUNRANTIANCHENG,WULUNSHIJUBENDUZHEHAISHIXITAIGUANZHONG,XIANGXINDOUHUISUIZHEZHOUPINGYIQIBUZIJUEDIJINZHANGQILAI;ZHENGDANGJINZHANGQIFENKUAIBENGFADAODINGDIAN,DAJIAYIWEIZHOUPOYUANZHENZHIXIAOLEZIJIQIZIHEERZIDEBULUNZHIQINGERQIDAIZHEJUQINGJINYIBUFAZHANDESHIHOU,MIDIHUORANJIEXIAO——ZHOUPOYUANZEBEIDEZHISHIZHOUPINGZAIWAIMIANHEJIUGUIHUNDESHI。RUCIYILAI,DAJIAZAIHUIGUGANGCAITADUIZHOUPINGDEZHIWEN,HUIFAXIANGUOZHENRUCI:DUIBUQIFUMUDEKENENGJIUSHIBUSHANGJINNULI,ZAIJIABUGUIJUZESHIXIANGDUIYUZHOUPOYUANZIJIZHEILIANGNIANBUZAIJIAERYAN,YUSHIZHEIGE“JIA”DEFANWEIJIUKUODALE。YIBENSHIZHEIYANGCHULIDIYIJUHUADE:

                Do you know what you have done is also an injustice to your father?And also——(Pauses)——an injustice to your mother?(YAOXINNONGYI)

              棋牌大全下载安装   Do you realize that what you are doing is a disgrace to your father?And also(pauses)——to your mother?(WANGZUOLIANGYI)

                LIANGZHONGFANYIZUIDADEBUTONGZAIYU“DUIBUQI”YICIDECHULI。YAOXINNONGJIANGQIYIWEI“injustice”,YOU“BUGONGPING、BUGONGZHENG”DEYISI;WANGZUOLIANGYIWEI“disgrace”,ZHEIGECIDEGANQINGSECAIGENGJIANONGZHONG,YOU“CHIRU”DEYISI。YINCI,JIUCIYICHUANDACENGMIANSHANGKAN,WANGZUOLIANGCAIYONGDE“disgrace”GENGNENGDUIZHOUPINGDEXINLIZAOCHENGCHONGJI,BIJIAOFUHEYUANWENYIYUN。

              棋牌大全下载安装   DUIYU“BUGUIJU”DEFANYIYAOXINNONGCHULIWEI“play the devil”,WANGZUOLIANGCHULIWEI“private life’s been highly irregular”。“devil”ZAIYINGYUZHONGSHI“MOGUI、EMO”DEYISI,YAOXINNONGDEFANYIGENGJIAFUHEYINGYUGUOJIADESHENMEILIJIE,XINGXIANGDIMIAOSHULEZHOUPINGZAIJIASUOZUODEYIXIE“ZUIDAEJI”DESHIQING,YOUCIQIGANQINGSECAIXIANGBIYU“private life”——“SISHENGHUO”DEHUNLUANGENGJIAQIANGLIE,GENGJIAFUHEZHOUPINGYOUCIERCHANSHENGDEHUANGLUANBUKAN。YINCI,YAOXINNONGBANDEFANYIBIJIAOHAO。

                四、结语

              棋牌大全下载安装   YUYONGMOHUSHIXIJUYUYANBIAODADEZHONGYAOJIQIAO,WEIYUYANZENGTIANLEXUDUOMEILI。ZAIYINGYIGUOCHENGZHONG,BUJINYAOGUANZHUYINGYUSHIJIEDEJINGQUEXINGSIWEIMOSHI,HAIYAOGUANZHUSHIFOUZUNZHONGLEYUANWENBENYI,ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAINENGJIANGZHONGGUOYUYANMOHUXINGDEMEILIZHUNQUECHUANDACHUQU。

                参考文献

                [1] 曹禺,林语堂,田汉.英译中国三大名剧[M].中英出版社,1941.
                [2] 王佐良,巴恩斯.Thunder Storm[M].北京:外文出版社,1978.
                [3]曹禺.雷雨[M].北京:十月文艺出版社,2018.
                [4]林瑛.《雷雨》模糊语言之语用分析[J].广西轻工业,2008(3):133-134.
                [5] 孙宝新.曹禺《雷雨》中的模糊语言[J].濮阳职业技术学院学报,2015,28(5):117-120.
                [6]郭亚银,路东平.文学作品中语用模糊的界定与分类[J].文学教育(上),2017(6):92-95.
                [7]曲凤.从语用模糊看戏剧冲突:以《雷雨》为例[J].林区教学,2017(9):39-40.
                [8]荆洁兰.语用模糊研究及其对外语翻译的启示[J].英语广场,2018(2):36-37.
                [9]郑金海.语义模糊·语用模糊·模糊修辞及其与语境的关系[J].重庆交通大学学报(社会科学版),2019,19(1):117-121.
                [10]冯莉.《雷雨》中模糊语言探析[J].太原师范学院学报(社会科学版),2008,7(6):118-121.

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