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                1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 英语论文 > 介词in和介词on的意象图式理论探析

                  介词in和介词on的意象图式理论探析

                  时间:2019-02-26 13:56作者:方金丹
                  本文导读:这是一篇关于介词in和介词on的意象图式理论探析的文章,语言结构的难易程度随学习者学习能力的提升而发生变化,有些语言结构在学习者早期就能够习得,但是有些却要在学习者积累到一定程度时才习得,这证明了学习的阶段性特征。

                    摘    要: 棋牌大全下载安装英语与汉语之间存在着较多的差异,这种差异归根结底是认知概念的差异。对母语为汉语的英语学习者而言,介词的习得尤为复杂,以至于有些高级学习者也未能掌握。随着认知语言学的发展,作为认知基本模式的意象图式被广泛应用。通过意象图式分析,从认知的角度来促进二语学习者的学习,能够让二语学习者对目标语的理解更加深刻。

                    关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 意象图式; 二语习得; 介词习得;

                  棋牌大全下载安装   YUYANJIEGOUDENANYICHENGDUSUIXUEXIZHEXUEXINENGLIDETISHENGERFASHENGBIANHUA,YOUXIEYUYANJIEGOUZAIXUEXIZHEZAOQIJIUNENGGOUXIDE,DANSHIYOUXIEQUEYAOZAIXUEXIZHEJILEIDAOYIDINGCHENGDUSHICAIXIDE,ZHEIZHENGMINGLEXUEXIDEJIEDUANXINGTEZHENG。DANSHIJIECIDEDUOYIXINGSHIJIECIDEXIDECHENGLEWENTI,BUJINDUICHUXUEZHELAISHUOBIJIAOFUZA,DUIYUGAOJIXUEXIZHELAISHUOYESHINANYIDADAOBENZUYUZHESHUIPINGDE。ZAIYINGYUZHONG,JIECIinHEonDEYONGFACUNZAIXIANGSIZHICHU,QUEYOUYOUSUOBUTONG。RUHECAINENGYOUXIAODIXIDEYINGYUJIECICHENGLEYANJIUDEREDIAN。YOUYUJIECIZAIYINGYUZHONGSHIYONGLVJIAOGAO,ZAIYUYANXUELINGYUYOUXUDUOJIESHIJIECIXIDEDELILUN,QIAOMUSIJI(1995)YONGZHUANHUANSHENGCHENGYUFALAIJIESHI,RENWEIJIECIDEGEZHONGYIYIZHIJIANBINGMEIYOUSHENMEGUANXI,TAMENSHIRENYIDE、BUCHENGTIXIDE,DANSHIRENZHIYUYANXUEFAXIANJIECIDEYUYIZHIJIANSHIYOULIANXIDE,BINGBUSHIGULICUNZAIDE。BENWENYONGYIXIANGTUSHILILUNFENXIJIECIinHEon。

                    一、意象图式理论

                  棋牌大全下载安装   YIXIANGTUSHILILUNRENWEI,WOMENDEGAINIANSHIJIESHIJIANLIZAIGANZHIJICHUSHANGDEWUTIZHIJIANDEKONGJIANGUANXI。YIXIANGTUSHISHIJIYUKONGJIANGUANXIGAODUCHOUXIANGCHULAIDEYIZHONGTUSHI,YINGYONGFANWEIFEICHANGGUANG,ZAIYINLE、HUIHUAYIJIWENXUELINGYUDOUYOUQISHENYING。YIXIANGTUSHIBEIRENWEISHIRENZHIDEJIBENMOSHI,ZAIRENZHIYUYANXUEZHONG,YOUQIZAICIHUIDUOYIXINGFANGMIANJIESHILIDUJIAOQIANG。Langacker(2008)RENWEI,KONGJIANJIECIBAOHANLEYIZHONGHEXINYIYI,YEJIUSHISUOSHUODEKONGJIANYIYI,ZHEIZHONGHEXINYIYIJIYUWOMENDEGANZHIQIGUAN,SHIRENMENZAIYUSHIJIEZHONGDEWUTIHUDONGGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDE。YIGEWANZHENGDEYIXIANGTUSHIBAOKUOSHETIHEJIEBIAO,YOUSHIBAOHANLUJING。Johnson(1987)JIANGYIXIANGTUSHIFENCHENGCONTAINMENT、BALANCE、COMPULSIONDENGERSHIDUOZHONG。TONGGUOYIXIANGTUSHIFENXI,CONGRENZHIDEJIAODULAICUJINERYUXUEXIZHEDEXUEXI,NENGGOURANGERYUXUEXIZHEDUIMUBIAOYUDELIJIEGENGJIASHENKE。

                    二、介词in

                    通常来说,在汉语中,英语介词in经常被翻译为汉语的“在……里”,如果用Johnson的分类,属于容器图示(CONTAINMENT),这是从空间概念来理解介词in,它还包含有时间意义、隐喻意义或者是抽象意义。空间概念是其他意义产生的基础,其他意义都可从空间意义得到。其意象图示见图1。
                   

                  介词in和介词on的意象图式理论探析
                   

                    1. 空间意义的in

                  棋牌大全下载安装   KONGJIANYIYIDEin,SHIYIGESANWEIDE、FENGBIDEYIYI。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   He is in the room.TAZAIFANGJIANLI。ZAIZHEIJUHUAZHONGheJIUSHISHANGWENTIDAODESHETI,ERroomJIUSHISHANGWENTIDAODEJIEBIAO,the roomXIANGDANGYUYIGEDADERONGQI,ERheBAOHANZAIRONGQIZHONG。

                    图1 容器图示
                  图1 容器图示

                    
                    2. 时间意义的in

                  棋牌大全下载安装   KEYICONGKONGJIANYIYIDEinKUOZHANDAOSHIJIANYIYIDEin。

                    They met in 1995.TAMENZAI1995NIANXIANGYU。ZHEIJUHUAZHONG,JIANGinDEKONGJIANYUTOUSHERUSHIJIANYUZHONG,theySHISHETI,ER1995SHIJIEBIAO,1995XIANGDANGYUYIGERONGQI,TAMENXIANGYUDESHIJIANZAI1995NIANZHEIYIDUANSHIJIANZHONG。

                    3. 抽象意义的in

                    ZAISHANGSHUKONGJIAN、SHIJIANYIYIDEJICHUSHANG,inHAIKEYIBEIKUOZHANDAOCHOUXIANGYIYIZHONG。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   The man in the hat is her brother.DAIMAOZIDENEIGENANRENSHITADEGEGE。ZAIZHEIJUHUAZHONG,JIANGinDEKONGJIANYUTOUSHEDAOCHOUXIANGYUZHONG,the manSHISHETI,the hatSHIJIEBIAO,JIANGhatZUOWEIYIGERONGQI,the manDEYIBUFEN——TOUBEIBAOHANZAIRONGQIhatZHONG。

                    三、介词on

                  棋牌大全下载安装   QIYIXIANGTUSHIJIANTU2。

                    图2 接触图示
                  图2 接触图示

                  棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIHANYUZHONG,YINGYUJIECIonJINGCHANGBEIFANYIWEIHANYUDE“ZAI……SHANG”,RUGUOYONGJohnsonDEFENLEI,SHUYUJIECHUTUSHI(SUPPORT),ZHEISHICONGKONGJIANGAINIANLAILIJIEJIECIon,TAHAIBAOHANYOUSHIJIANYIYI、YINYUYIYIHUOZHESHICHOUXIANGYIYI。KONGJIANGAINIANSHIQITAYIYICHANSHENGDEJICHU。

                    1. 空间意义的on

                    KONGJIANYIYIDEonSHIYIGEERWEIDE、JIECHUDE,BICIZHIJIANJUYOUXIANGHUZUOYONGLIDEYIYI。

                    The book is on the table.SHUZAIZHUOZISHANG。ZAIZHEIJUHUAZHONGthe bookJIUSHISHETI,ERtableJIUSHISHANGWENTIDAODEJIEBIAO,the bookYUtableSHIJIECHUDE,BINGQIEthe bookJIYUtableLEYIGEXIANGXIADEZUOYONGLI,ERtableJIYUthe bookYIGEXIANGSHANGDEFANZUOYONGLI。

                    2. 时间意义的on

                    We meet on Tuesday.WOMENZAIZHOUERJIANMIAN。ZHEIJUHUAZHONG,JIANGonDEKONGJIANYUTOUSHERUSHIJIANYUZHONG,weSHISHETI,ERTuesdaySHIJIEBIAO,we meetDESHIJIANZAIYIGEQUEDINGDESHIJIANDIANTuesday,LIANGGESHIJIANDIANSHIYOUJIECHUDE。

                    3. 抽象意义的on

                    He lived on a diet of junk food.TABALAJISHIPINDANGFANCHI。ZAIZHEIJUHUAZHONG,JIANGonDEKONGJIANYUTOUSHEDAOCHOUXIANGYUZHONG,heSHISHETI,a dietSHIJIEBIAO,ZAIZHEILIMIANdietJIYUheYIGEsupportRANGQIHUOXIAQU。

                    四、介词in和on

                  棋牌大全下载安装   YOUYUHANYUDEDUTEXING,YOUSHIZAIYINGWENJUZIZHONGSHIYONGLEin,DANSHIZAIFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,WOMENQUESHIYONGLEHANYUDUIYICI“ZAI……SHANG”。LIRU,There is a crack in the wall.ZAIFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHONGJIUHUIBEIYICHENGQIANGSHANGYOUDAOLIEFENG。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,YONGYIXIANGTUSHIDEFANGSHIJIAYILIJIEHUIGENGRONGYI。BAQIANGKANZUOYIGERONGQI,LIEFENGYUQIANGNEI,YINCIYONGDEJIECIin。DANSHIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGJIERYUXUEXIZHEZENGJIALENANDU。RUGUOYONGRENZHIDEFANGSHILAIDUICIXIANXIANGJINXINGCHANSHI,HUIZENGJIAJIECISHIYONGDEZHUNQUELV。LIRU:

                    I am working on the farm.WOZAINONGCHANGLIGONGZUO。ZAIZHEIJUHUAZHONG,IWEISHETI,farmWEIJIEBIAO,DANSHIfarmZHISHIYIGEERWEIDEJIEBIAO,ERIYUJIEBIAOZHIJIANSHIJIECHUDE。

                    There is a hole in the ground.DISHANGYOUGEDONG。ZHEIJUHUAZHONG,holeWEISHETI,groundWEIJIEBIAO,DANSHIgroundZHEIGEJIEBIAOSHIYIGESANWEIDEJIEBIAO,YINWEIholeSHIZAIgroundLIMIANDE,groundBAOHANhole。

                    五、结语

                  棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIJIECIDEXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONG,ERYUXUEXIZHERUGUOJINJINYIKAOGUIZE,HUOZHEJINJINYIKAOHANYINGDUIYICI,JIXIEDIJIYIERBUCONGRENZHIDEJIAODULAILIJIEJIECI,HUIZENGJIAXUEXINANDU,BINGQIECUOWULVYEHUIZENGJIA,YOUQISHIZAIXUEXIDUOYIJIECIYIJIDUIYICICHUXIANPIANCHASHI,YINCIXUYAOERYUXUEXIZHECONGSHENDUDERENZHIGAINIANDEJIAODUCHUFAJINXINGXUEXI。CIPIANLUNWENJINJINCONGLILUNSHANGFENXIJIECIinHEonDEYUYI,HOUKEYITONGGUOSHIZHENGTANJIUYIXIANGTUSHILILUNZAIERYUCIHUIJIAOXUEZHONGDEYOUXIAOXING。

                    参考文献

                    [1]CHOMSKY N.The minimalist program[M].Cambridge, MA:MIT Press,1995.
                    [2]LANGACKER RW.Cognitive grammar and language instruction//ROBINSONP,N. ELLIS N,eds.Handbookof cognitive linguistics and second language acquisition[M].New York:Routledge,2008.
                  棋牌大全下载安装   [3]JOHNSONM.The body in the mind:the bodily basis of meaning,imagination and reason[M]Chicago:University of Chicago Press,1987.

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