棋牌大全下载安装

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        1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 英语论文 > 商务英语的语言特征与翻译方法

          商务英语的语言特征与翻译方法

          时间:2019-03-07 11:43作者:王旭忠
          本文导读:这是一篇关于商务英语的语言特征与翻译方法的文章,自我国加入WTO以来,我国与世界各国之间的接触越来越频繁,国际商务翻译也变得越来越重要。在进行国际贸易的过程之中,商务翻译在国际金融、国际旅游、海外投资等方面都扮演着非常重要的角色。

            摘    要: 改革开放40年以来,我国对外交流的程度越来越深,对外交流的规模也越来越大。在商业广告的过程中,商务英语发挥着巨大的作用,加强商务语言的研究有助于更好地推动我国商业对外开放向前发展。文章以商务英语语言为分析对象,首先介绍了商务英语语言的特点,接着阐述了商务英语翻译的原则,最后论述了在翻译时所需要注意的事项,以便更好地做好商务英语翻译。

            关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 商务英语; 语言; 翻译;

            ZIWOGUOJIARUWTOYILAI,WOGUOYUSHIJIEGEGUOZHIJIANDEJIECHUYUELAIYUEPINFAN,GUOJISHANGWUFANYIYEBIANDEYUELAIYUEZHONGYAO。ZAIJINXINGGUOJIMAOYIDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONG,SHANGWUFANYIZAIGUOJIJINRONG、GUOJILVYOU、HAIWAITOUZIDENGFANGMIANDOUBANYANZHEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEJIAOSE。YOUCIKEJIAN,SHANGWUYINGYUBUJINJINSHISHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOJIEGUO,TONGSHIYESHIYINGYUYUYANZISHENFAZHANDEZHONGYAOJIEGUO。JIAQIANGSHANGWUYINGYUFANYIYANJIUYOUZHUYUGENGHAODITUIDONGGUOJISHIWUDEFAZHAN,YOUZHUYUJINYIBUTUIDONGWOGUODEDUIWAIKAIFANG。

            一、商务英语语言特点

            (一)词汇特点

            1.具有很强的专业性

            ZHUANYESHUYUZHUYAOSHIMOUXIANGLINGYUZHONGDEKEXUEYONGYU,JUYOUJIAOQIANGDEZHUANYEXINGZHI,YINCIZAIFANYISHIBIXUBAOZHENGFANYIZHUNQUEWUWU。ZAIJINXINGGUOJIMAOYIDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONG,GUOJIMAOYIBIRANHUITANJIJIAGEFUKUAN、WULIUFAHUOYIJIBAOXIANDENGGEXIANGYINSU,ZAIJINXINGFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONGWOMENKEYISHIYONGZHUANYESHUYUJINXINGFANYI[1]。LIRU,ZAIFANYIXINYONGKASHIKEYISHIYONGletter of credit (L/C),ZAIFANYIBUKECHEXIAODEXINYONGZHENGSHIWOMENKEYISHIYONGirrevocable L/C,ZAIFANYIBAODUIXINYONGZHENGSHIKEYISHIYONGconfirmed L/C,ZAIFANYIKEZHUANRANGDEXINYONGZHENGSHIKEYISHIYONGtransferable L/CDENG。YISHANGDEDANCIHECIHUIZAISHANGYELINGYUZHONGDOUYOUQIZISHENDETESHUHANYI,KEYIYONGLAIBIAODASHANGYEJIAOYIZHIZHONGDEMOUXIEMUDEHUOZHESHIMOUXIEXIANGFA,YINCIKEYISHIYONGZHUANYESHUYULAIJINXINGSHANGWUYINGYUFANYI。

            2.古语在商务英语中的应用

          棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIJINXINGFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONG,SHANGWUYINGYUZHONGDEGUYUCHANGCHANGJINXIANYUFALVHETONGHUOZHESHIFALVWENJIANDEFANYI,ZHEIZHONGGONGNENGXINGDEGUYUSHIDESHANGWUYINGYUBIANDEGENGJIAZHENGSHIHEYANSU。ZAISHIYONGSHANGWUYINGYUDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONG,GUYUZHUYAOSHIZAIZHEILIHUOZHESHIZAINEILIDENGFUHECIDETIXIAN。LIRU,ZAIDUIHETONGJINXINGFANYIZHISHI,KEYIKANDAORENMENJINGCHANGSHIYONGthisLAIDAITIFUHECIZHONGDEhere。ZAILIRU,CHANGCHANGHUISHIYONGthatLAIDAITIFUHECIZHONGDEthere。

            (二)语篇特点

            1.语篇的语言特点

            在商务英语使用的过程之中,使用客观性的词语需要避免将主观性的词语或者是带有个人意见性的色彩词语融入其中,应当使用最为平实的表达方式。为了可以更好地做好规范性使用,可以使用繁复的介词短语来代替简单的介词,同时也可以使用正规的词语来避免灵活词语短语对于意思表达带来的歧义。除此之外,词语之间不同的搭配,也可能会给最终的理解带来困难。例如:straight B/L(记名提单)和direct B/L(直达提单)。为此,在翻译的过程中必须注重原文用词的任何差别,需要仔细做好认真比对,确保对原文的忠实解读,这样才能够使得译文既通顺又准确[2]。
           

          商务英语的语言特征与翻译方法
           

            2.语篇的风格特点

            (1)商务英语的用词风格

            DIYI,YONGCIZHUANYE。

          棋牌大全下载安装   SHANGWUYINGYUDECIHUIDOUJUYOUFEICHANGMINGXIANDEZHUANYETEDIAN,YIBANLAISHUOYINGYUCIHUIBAOHANYOULIANGGEZHONGYAOTEZHENG:YIGETEZHENGSHICIHUIDEHANYIFEICHANGDEFENGFU;LINGYIGETEZHENGJIUZAIYUYONGFAYEFEICHANGLINGHUODUOBIAN。SHANGWUYINGYUCIHUIDEZUIDATEDIANJIUZAIYUJUYOUFEICHANGQIANGDEZHUANYEXING,JISHISHIJUBEILIANGHAOYINGYUCIHUIJILEIDEXUESHENG,ZAIYUEDUSHANGWUYINGYUWENZHANGSHIYIJIUHUICUNZAIHENDADEZHANGAI,SUIRANTAMENDOURENSHIMEIYIGEDANCI,DANSHIYOUSHIHOUZHENGGEJUZIQUEWUFARENZHIQIZHONGXINDAYI,ZHEIZHUYAOSHIXUESHENGDUIYUYIBANCIHUIZAISHANGWUYINGYUHUANJINGZHIXIADESHIYONGLIJIEBUTOU。

            DIER,YONGCIFEICHANGZHUNQUE。

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            DISAN,CUNZAIHENDUOSHUYU。

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            DISI,CUOCILIMAO。

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            (2)商务英语的句法风格

            DIYI,YONGYUGUDINGHUA。

            SHANGWUYINGYUZAISHIYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONGCHANGCHANGHUISHIYONGYIXIEGUDINGDECIYU,ZHEIYANGJIKEYIJIEYUESHANGWUYINGYUZHONGCIYIFENXIDESHIJIAN,TONGSHIYEKEYIGENGHAODIJIAQIANGSHUANGFANGZHIJIANDEXIANGHULEJIE。

          棋牌大全下载安装   DIER,BIAODAJINGLIANHUA。

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            DISAN,JUSHIFUZAHUA。

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            DISI,YIYILUOJIHUA。

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            二、商务英语翻译的原则

            (一)忠实原则

            ZAIJINXINGSHANGWUYINGYUFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONG,FANYIRENYUANBIXUZHUNQUEDIBIAODAYANYU,XUYAOJIANGYUANSHIXINXIFANYICHULAI,ZHEIBIXINGSHIHEYIYIGENGJIAZHONGYAO。YINCI,FANYIRENYUANXUYAOZUODAOXINXIDUIDENG,XUYAOZUODAOJUZIHEJIEGOUXIANGYIZHI,DUIYUSHEJIHETONGHUOZHEBAOXIANJINRONGDENGSHANGYETICAIDEWENZHANGXUYAOZHONGSHIYUANYI,ZAIFANYISHIXUYAOGUIFANFANYIDEJIEGOUHEXIEZUOFANGSHI,YIZAIXIANYANJINDEYUPIAN。

            (二)准确原则

            SHANGWUYINGYUDEFANYIBINGBUZHUIQIUHUALIDEXIUCI,YEBUZHUIQIUYUYANDEMEIGAN,ZHISHIYAOQIUDADAOYUANYIJIKE。WEILEKEYIZHUNQUEDIJIANGYUANLIFANYICHULAI,WOMENBIXUZUODAOYIXIAJIDIAN:

          棋牌大全下载安装   DIYI,WOMENXUYAOJINSHENDISHIYONGRENHECHANSHENGHUNXIAODECIYU。

            YOUYUSHANGWUWENJIANDOUSHIFEICHANGYANSUDEWENJIAN,XUYAOZUODAOJINGQUEBIAODA,SUOYIDUIYUCIYUDESHIYONGCHANGCHANGXUYAOZIXIDIZHENZHUO,RUGUOSHIYONGMOLENGLIANGKEDECIYUCHANGCHANGHUISHIDEFANYIHANYIWANQUANBUTONG。

          棋牌大全下载安装   DIER,XUYAOZHUNQUEDIDUIYUANWENDEHANYIJINXINGLIJIE。

          棋牌大全下载安装   SHANGWUYINGYUDEFANYIRENYUANBIXULIZUYUYUANWENXUYAOZUODAOZHUNQUEWUWUDEBIAODA,JIANGYUANWENDEYISHIZHENZHENGDIBIAODACHULAI。

            DISAN,SHANGWUYINGYUXUYAOJIEHEDUIFANGDEBEIJINGWENHUAXISUJINXINGFANYI。

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            (三)礼貌原则

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            三、翻译时的注意事项

            (一)需要注重各个不同国家以及各个民族之间的文化差异

          棋牌大全下载安装   SHANGWUYINGYUKEYISHUOSHIBUTONGGUOJIAZHIJIANDEJIAOLIU,BUTONGDEGUOJIADOUYOUSHUYUZISHENDEGUOQING,WENHUAHEXIGUANYEBUXIANGTONG,ZHIYOUSHUANGFANGZAIXIANGHULIJIEDEJICHUZHISHANGCAINENGGOUZHENZHENGDADAOSHANGYEJIAOLIUDEMUDE。WEICI,DUIYUYINGYUFANYIZHELAISHUO,SHANGWUYINGYUGONGZUORENYUANBIXULEJIEWAIGUOWENHUA,ZHUZHONGZHONGXIFANGZHIJIANSUOCUNZAIDEWENHUACHAYI,ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAINENGYOUXIAODIKAIZHANGEZHONGYEWUHUODONG,BIMIANCHANSHENGBULIANGDEYINGXIANG[3]。

            (二)用得体的语言进行翻译

            SHANGWUYINGYUCHANGCHANGBAOHANYOUFEICHANGGUANGFANDEHANYI,LIRUBUTONGHETONGDEXINXIZAIBUTONGLEIXINGZHIJIANCHUANBO,SUOYIZAIFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONGXUYAOCHONGFENRENSHIDAOHUATIDEFENGGE,TONGSHIYEXUYAOGUANZHUXIANGGUANDEXINGYEGUIFAN。

            (三)在翻译时必须做到译文的准确

            ZAIJINXINGFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONG,SHANGWUYINGYUDEFANYIHEPUTONGYINGYUDEFANYIWANQUANBUTONG,DANSHILIANGZHEZHIJIANYECUNZAIYIDINGDELIANXI。ZAIJINXINGFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONG,RENMENBUNENGGOUSHIYONGPUTONGDEKOUYUJINXINGFANYI,XUYAOZHUZHONGYUJINGJINXINGFANYI。ZAIMOUZHONGQINGXINGZHIXIA,YUYANDEFANYIBINGBUSHIYIYIXIANGDUIYINGDE,YOUSHIHOUZAIFANYISHIXUYAOZHUZHONGDANCIDEZENGJIAN,ZHEIYANGKEYIGENGHAODIQUEBAOYUJUDELIANGUAN[4]。

            四、结语

          棋牌大全下载安装   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZAIJINXINGSHANGWUYINGYUFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONG,SHANGWUYINGYUDEFANYIXUYAOZHUZHONGCIHUIDETEDIANYUYUPIANDETEDIAN,TONGSHIHAIXUYAOQUEBAOFANYIDEZHONGSHI、ZHUNQUEYIJILIMAO,ZAIFANYIDEGUOCHENGZHIZHONGXUYAOZHUYIBUTONGMINZUZHIJIANDEWENHUACHAYI,SHIYONGDETIDEYUYANJINXINGFANYI,ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAINENGGOUZHENZHENGZUOHAOSHANGWUYINGYUDEFANYIGONGZUO。

            参考文献

            [1]冉倩.分析商务英语合同的语言特征及其翻译[J].校园英语,2018(42):237.
            [2]王旭忠.商务英语的语篇模式及分析[J].科技纵横,2006(3):185
            [3]王旭忠.浅谈提高商务英文写作教学效果的新途径[J].科技纵横,2007(2):190
          棋牌大全下载安装   [4] 邹思怿.浅析如何把握商务英语的语言特点及翻译技巧[J].求知导刊,2017(2):119-120.

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