棋牌大全下载安装

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                                    当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 艺术论文 > 羌族民歌《苦情歌》传唱的涵化特征分析

                                    羌族民歌《苦情歌》传唱的涵化特征分析

                                    时间:2018-04-30 09:18作者:曼切
                                    本文导读:这是一篇关于羌族民歌《苦情歌》传唱的涵化特征分析的文章,民歌是指一人创造、多人完善, 在劳动人民中长期流传的民间歌曲。一首民歌要得到广泛传唱, 除了曲调动听、歌词生动以外, 它还必然代表着传唱者的“心声”。

                                      摘    要: 四川西北地区是我国汉族、羌族、藏族等多民族杂居地, 也是目前羌族唯一的聚居地。在这一地区的羌汉民族中, 流传着一些旋律相近、歌词结构相同的民歌, 它们在传唱过程中, 保留了旋律骨干音的进行和歌词结构, 却赋予了民歌不同的地域色彩和民族特性。论文以汶川《苦情歌》的传唱为例, 阐述了民歌传唱中为适应生存环境而产生的涵化现象, 论及涵化背后深层次的文化趋同、趋强因素以及固守基本文化传统的客观事实, 为学界进一步探讨多民族接触中文化交流、融合问题提供参考。

                                      关键词: 民族音乐; 羌族; 汉族; 民歌; 涵化;

                                      ZAISICHUANXIBEIBUQIANGHANJUJUDI, PUBIANLIUCHUANZHEYIXIEXUANLVXIANGSI、GECIBUTONG, SHENZHIYUYANDOUBUXIANGTONGDEMINGE, JINGGUOJIDAIRENCHUANCHANGHOU, GEDIDOUJIANGQIZUOWEIZIJIBENDIDEMINGE。BIZHEZAIMINGEXUEXI、TIANYEDIAOCHAHEZILIAOCHAYUEGUOCHENGZHONG, BIANFAXIANLEZHEIYANGYISHOUZAIQIANGQUHEHANQUGONGTONGCHUANCHANGDEMINGE, TONGGUOBIDUIFAXIAN, ZHEISHOUMINGEWULUNZAIQIANGQUHAISHIHANQUCHUANCHANGDEBANBENZHONG, QIGECIJIEGOU、YINLEJIEGOU、DIAOSHIYINJIE、XUANLVQIYINHELUOYIN、GEQUJIEWEIYINHEJIEWEIFANGSHIDOUMEIYOUBIANHUA, DANSHI, QIANGRENCHANGCHUDEDAIYOUMINGXIANQIANGZUFENGGE, ERHANRENYANCHANGDEGENGPIANZHONGHANZUFENGGE。ANZHAOMUQIANXUEJIEBIJIAORENKEDESHUOFA, ZHEIBIANSHIYINLESHOUQIANG、HANWENHUAYINGXIANGCHANSHENGDE“HANHUA”XIANXIANG, ZHEIZHONGHANHUAXIANXIANGCONGBIAOMIANLAIKAN, SHIYINLEFENGGEDEBIANHUA, CONGSHENCENGCILAIKAN, QUEKENENGBAOHANZHEZHENGZHI、JINGJI、LISHI、WENHUADENGDUOFANGMIANXIANGHUSHENTOU、XIANGHUYINGXIANGDEJIEGUO。LUNWENTONGGUOLIUCHUANZAICHUANXIBEIWUGEQIANGHANDIQUDEYISHOUXIANGSIDEMINGEXUANLVZUOWEIYANJIUFANLI, SHITUSHUOMINGMINGELIUCHUANZHONGHANHUADETEZHENGJIQIBEIHOUSHENCENGCIDESHEHUIYINSU。

                                    羌族民歌《苦情歌》传唱的涵化特征分析

                                      一、羌族民歌《苦情歌》

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   MINGESHIZHIYIRENCHUANGZAO、DUORENWANSHAN, ZAILAODONGRENMINZHONGZHANGQILIUCHUANDEMINJIANGEQU。YISHOUMINGEYAODEDAOGUANGFANCHUANCHANG, CHULEQUDIAODONGTING、GECISHENGDONGYIWAI, TAHAIBIRANDAIBIAOZHECHUANCHANGZHEDE“XINSHENG”。YOUXIEMINGENENGGOUZAIBUTONGRENQUNZHONGLIUCHUAN, QIGENBENYUANYINBIANSHINENGGOUYINQIBUTONGZUQUNLAODONGZHEDEXINLIGONGMING, JICHANGCHULELAODONGZHEPUBIANDE“XINSHENG”。ERXUEJIEJIANGZHEIZHONG“XINSHENG”CHENGZHIWEI“SIXIANGHEQINGGAN”。MINGESUOBIAODADESIXIANG、QINGGAN, WANGWANGBUQIANSHEGUOYUZHONGDADELISHISHIJIANHUOGUOJIA、MINZUMINGYUN, ERGENGDUOCEZHONGYUCHUANTONGSIXIANGYUGERENQINGGANDEXUANXIE, YINCIYISHOUYOUMEIDEMINGEBIANKEYIZAIBUTONGCHAODAI、BUTONGDIYU、BUTONGMINZUJIANZHANGJIULIUCHUAN, ZHANSHICHUMINGEJINGJIUBUSHUAIDEYISHUMEILI。

                                      (一) 《苦情歌》的由来

                                      BIZHEYU2015NIANXIATIANDAOMAOXIANSONGPINGGOUJINXINGTIANYEDIAOCHA, GOUKOUJUZHUDERENJIADUOCHENGZIJIWEIQIANGZU, DANSHIDIAOCHAHOUDEZHI, CUNZILIZHIYOUSANWEILAORENHUISHUOQIANGYU, JUSHUOHUICHANGQIANGYUGEQU, DANSHITAMENNIANSUIYIGAO, BUYUANYIJIESHOUCAIFANG, CUNMINTUIJIANWOMENCAIFANGZHUZAICUNZILICAIZHAIHUAJIAODEQIANGZUFUNV。YIQUNLAIZIWENCHUANYANMENXIANGDEQIANGZUFUNVYUKUAIDIJIESHOULECAIFANG, TAMENNIANLINGZAI40SHANGXIA, DOUMEIYOUSHANGGUOXUE, JIHUBURENSHIHANZI, NEIBUJIAOLIUSHIYONGQIANGYU, DUIWAIJIAOTANYONGHANYU, DANDOUBIJIAOSHENGSE。TAMENYONGQIANGYUYANCHANGLEERSHIYUSHOUMINGE, BAOKUOLAODONGGE、JIUGE、SALANGGE、QINGGEDENG, QIZHONGBAISHUICUNDEFUNVSHITIANZHENGECHANGDE《KUQINGGE》1 (PULI1) YINQILEWOMENDEZHUYI。ZHEISHIYISHOUWOMENSHIFENSHUXIDEMINGEXUANLV, CENGJINGZAIBEICHUANBAINI、QINGPIAN, MIANZHUQINGPINGYIJIMAOXIANYANGLIUZHAIDOUTINGDAOGUOXIANGSIXUANLVDEMINGE, DANSHIBIANHUAJIAODA, SHENZHIFENGGEDOUWANQUANBUTONG。

                                      PULI1:

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   GEQUYONGHANYUYANCHANG, GECIQUANWENWEI:“DIEMAYANGWO (YO) YIZHIHUA (YOE) , WODAOLERUJIN (YO) NEISHOUJIN (YO) NAN (EHUAHUANI) ;BUGUAIDIELAI (YO) BUGUAIMA (YOE) , WOZHIGUAIMINGZHONG (YO) BAGE (YO) ZI (EHUAHUANI) 。”YISISHIXIANZAISHENGHUODETAIKU, DOUSHIGUAIBAZISHENGDEBUHAO。DANGWOMENWEN《KUQINGGE》DEYOULAISHI, QIANGZUFUNVMENYIKOUTONGSHENGDISHUO, ZHEISHITAMENZHAIZIYIZHIDOUCHANGDEGE。WOQINGTAMENYONGQIANGYUCHANGYIBIAN, TAMENSHUOZHEIGEJIUSHIQIANGYUA, TAMENJIUSHIZHEIMECHANGDE, BUSHIGENWAIMIANDERENXUELAIDE。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI, QIANGZUDIUSHILECENGJINGCHUANGZAODEXIXIAWEN, MUQIANZHIYOUYUYAN, MEIYOUWENZI, ERQIANGYUZHONGJIAZAZHEZHONGDUODEHANYU、ZANGYU、YINGYUDENGZHUANYONGMINGCI, DUIYUBUSHIZIDEQIANGZUFUNVERYAN, TAMENCONGFUBEI、ZUBEINEILIXUELAIDEYUYAN、MINGE, SUIRANNENGGOUJIAOLIU、NENGGOUGECHANG, QUEWEIBINENGGOUZHIDAOYUANYOU, SHENZHIYEFENBUQINGMUYUHEWAILAIYU。QIANGRENMEIYOULEWENZI, TAMENJILUSHIJIANDOUJIEYONGHANYU, DANSHIQIANGRENZIGUJUZHUZAIGAOSHANXIAGUZHONG, NENGGOUSHANGXUENIANSHUDESHIJISHAOSHUREN, NENGGOUCHUANGZAOCHUZHEIYANGDEHANYUGECI, YINGGAISHIQIANGRENZHONGDONGHANWENHUADENENGREN。

                                      (二) 《苦情歌》旋律的古羌风格特征

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIDIAOSHIFANGMIAN, 《KUQINGGE》YOUWUSHENGXINGDIAOSHITEZHENG, WEIQIANGZUMINGEZUICHANGYONGDEZHIDIAOSHI, DIAOSHIYINJIQUEYOUQIGEYIN, CHUGONGSHANGJIAOZHIYUWUYINWAI, HAICHUXIANLEJIEJINJIANGZHIHEJIANGYUYINDEYOULIZHUANGTAIDEYIN (JIPUWEIJIANGZHIHEJIANGYUYIN) 。ZHEIZHENGSHIGUQIANGYINLEDIANXINGDEXUANLVFENGGE。“QIANGZUMINGEYIWUSHENGYINJIEWEIZHU……QIER, YINGAODEYOULI。YANCHANGZHECHANGCHANGBAYINJIEZHONGDEBUFENYINJIZIYOUJIXINGDICHANGDELVEGAO (ZHI—ZHISHENG) HUOLVEDI (ZHI—ZHIJIANG) , HUOCONGSHANGYIYINDAOXIAYIYINZIRANXIAHUA。”2《KUQINGGE》ZHONGDELIANGGEBIANHUAYINJIJIANGZHIHEJIANGYUZAISHIJIYANCHANGSHI, DOUHAIDABUDAOJIANGZHIHEJIANGYUDEYINGAO, JUYUQINGJIAOHEJIANGZHI、ZHIHEJIANGYUYINZHIJIAN, YINCISHIDIANXINGDEYINGAOYOULIZHUANGTAI, ZHEIYESHIGUQIANGMINGETEYOUDEXUANLVFENGGE。

                                      ZAIJIEZOUFANGMIAN, “SICHUANQIANGZUMINGEDEJIEZOU、JIEPAIYOUZIYOUHEGUIZHENGLIANGZHONGLEIXING, ZHEILIANGZHONGLEIXINGYUMINGEDETICAIYOUXIANGYINGLIANXI。‘WODOUREMU’ (SHANGE) 、‘XIREMU’ (JIUGE) 、ZUREMU‘FENGSUGEQU’ZHONG, DUOSHUJIEZOUJIEPAIJUNJIAOZIYOULINGHUODUOBIAN……FEIJUNFENJIEZOUYIDUANZHANGXINGYUNYONGZUIDUO, QICIWEIZHANGDUANXING, ZHEILIANGZHONGDUOCHUXIANZAIYIXIEGULAODEMINGETICAIZHONG。”3《KUQINGGE》YIGONG10XIAOJIE, YUNYONGDUANZHANGJIEZOU8CI, ZHANGDUANJIEZOU3CI, TIXIANCHUDIANXINGDEGUQIANGMINGEJIEZOUTEZHENG。

                                      ZAIZHONGZHISHIZHONG, GUQIANGMINGEZHIDIAOSHITONGCHANGSHIYONGTONGDUZHONGZHIHUOXIAXINGERDUZHONGZHI, JIZHIYINDAOZHIYIN, HUOYUYINDAOZHIYIN, QIEJIEWEIYINDUOWEIDUANSHIZHISHOUSHU。《KUQINGGE》CAIYONGYUYINDAOZHIYINDEZHONGZHI, JINGUANQUDIAOAIWANYOUSHANG、MIANZHANGYOUYUAN, DANJIEWEIYINRENGRANDUANSHIZHIJIESHU, ZHEIZAIXUDUOGUQIANGGEQUZHONGDOUCHANGJIANDAO。

                                      GENJUSHANGSHUSANGEFANGMIANDEFENXI, GUQIANGMINGEZHONGCHANGYONGDEZHIDIAOSHI、YINGAOYOULI、DUANZHANGJIEZOUYIJIDUANSHIZHIZHONGZHIYINDENGTEZHENG, ZAI《KUQINGGE》DEXUANLVZHONGDOUWANQUANTIXIANCHULAI, QIXUANLVDEQIANGZUFENGGEXIANSHIWUYI。

                                      二、相似民歌旋律的传唱

                                      WOMENZHIDAOMINGEZAICHUANCHANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG, HUIGENJUYANCHANGZHEDEQINGXUHEJIXINGBIANHUADEGECIXUYAO, DUIXUANLVJINXINGJIAHUACHULI, HUOZHEZENGJIANYINFU、ZENGJIANSHIZHIDENGBIANHUA。《KUQINGGE》ZAITICHUJIAHUAZHIHOU, WOMENJIANGGUGANYINJIPURUXIA (PULI2) :

                                      PULI2:

                                      DANGWOMENJINJINYANCHANGGUGANYINXUANLVSHI, FAXIANXUANLVDEDIAOSHI、JIEZOUDOUMEIYOUSHENMEBIANHUA, ZHISHISHAOLEGUQIANGMINGEDEFENGGE。JUYOUZHEIYANGXUANLVGUJIADEMINGEZAICHUANXIBEIDIQUHENDUO。

                                      (一) 绵竹清平《太阳出来照北岩》

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   MIANZHUQINGPINGSHIYUQIANGZUJUJUDIHEXINMAOXIANXIANGLINDEXIANGZHEN, ZIGUYUMAOXIANQIANGZUWANGLAIMIQIE, SHENZHIHENDUOQINGPINGRENZICHENGSHIQIANGZUDEHOUYI。TAMENCHUANCHANGDEMINGEYOU400YUSHOU, MINGEZHONGLEIQIQUAN, YOUHANZUDESHANGE、XIAODIAO、HAOZI、FENGSUGEQU, DANSHIQIZHONGYIXIESHANGEHEFENGSUGEQUYUQIANGZUDECHUANTONGMINGEYOUXIANGSIDEFENGGE, RU《TAIYANGCHULAIZHAOBEIYAN》4 (PULI3) , BIANJUYOUSHANGSHUGUGANYINLEPUDEJIBENTEDIAN, ZHONGZHISHIre—dol—la—sol, BINGZAIJIEWEIYINSHANGDUANSHIZHIJIESHU, YU《KUQINGGE》WUYI。

                                      PULI3:

                                      ZHENDUIZHEIYIXIANXIANG, YOUXUEZHEYANJIUZHICHU, “QINGPINGYUMAOXIAN、SONGPANDENGQIANGZUCUNLUOHEQITAQIANGHANJIECHUDIQUGONGTONGCHUANCHANGZHEYIXIEMINGEXUANLV, GEDICHUANCHANGZHONGXUANLVGOUJIAJIBENBAOCHIBUBIAN, ERXUANLVQUEYOUDUIDANGDIYUYANHEWENHUASHIYINGXINGBIANHUA、DIAOZHENGDEXIANXIANG。”5

                                      (二) 北川青片《叫声贤妹我的肝》

                                      BEICHUANQIANGZUZIZHIXIANQINGPIANXIANGSHIYIGEZAIHANHUAGUOCHENGZHONGDEQIANGZUDIQU。QINGPIANXIANGDICHUCHUANXIBEIQIANGZUJUJUDIDENANBUBIANYAN, LILAISHIQIANGZUWEIZHUDERENQUNJUZHUDI, ZHIBENSHIJICHURENGRANYOUSHAOSHUNIANZHANGZHEHUISHUOQIANGYU, HUICHANGQIANGYUGEQU。DANSHIJINNIANLAIHANHUASHIFENYANZHONG, CHULEBUFENQIANGYUGEQUHAIZAICHUANCHANGWAI, YIJINGSHAOYOUQIANGZUWENHUADEHENJI。JINGUANZHEIYANG, QINGPIANXIANGRENGRANSHIBEICHUANQIANGWENHUABAOLIUZUIHAODEXIANGZHEN, ZAIQINGPIANLIUCHUANDEQIANGYUGEQU, BIJIAOWANZHENGDIBAOCUNZHEQIANGZUYINLEDETEZHENG。《ZHONGGUOMINJIANGEQUJICHENG》SICHUANJUANZHONGJIUSHOULULEBEICHUANDEQIANGYUMINGE5SHOU, JUBIZHEKAOZHENG, QUANSHIQINGPIANXIANGCHUANTONGMINGE, QIZHONGBAOKUOJIUGE《QINGNILAIZUOKE》《HEJIUJIUYAOHEGETONGKUAI》;SALANGWUGE《YARUORUOYINBO》《LAIXILANGBEILAIJIE》《LEYAMELE》。ERQINGPIANHAILIUCHUANZHEXIANGDANGYIBUFENQIANGZUXUANLVDEHANYUMINGE, QIZHONGYISHOUXUANLVYUWENCHUAN《KUQINGGE》XIANGSI, ZHEIGEXUANLVBEIBIANPEILEGEZHONGGECI, ZAIQINGPIANGUANGFANCHUANCHANG。RU《JIAOSHENGXIANMEIWODEGAN》6, QIGUGANYINYU《KUQINGGE》SHIFENJIEJIN, JIEWEIFANGSHIYUQIANLIANGSHOUGEWANQUANYIZHI (PULI4) 。

                                      PULI4:

                                      (三) 北川白坭山歌《高高山上一枝花》

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIBEICHUANQIANGZUZIZHIXIANBAINIXIANGXIANYANCUN, YELIUCHUANZHEZHEIYANGYISHOUMINGEXUANLV, CUNLICHENGWEI“SHANGE”, ZAIDILIGANHUODENANRENDOUHUICHANGZHEISHOUMINGEXUANLV, NVRENQUEDOUBUHUICHANG。ZHEIGEXUANLVBIANCHUANGYOUHAOJISHISHOUBUTONGDEGECI, DAIYOUJIXINGXING, KANSHANCHANGSHAN, KANSHUICHANGSHUI。RU《GAOGAOSHANSHANGYIZHIHUA》7, QIGUGANYINHEZHONGZHISHIJUNYU《KUQINGGE》XIANGSI, ZHISHIXUANLVJIAHUADEFANGSHIBUTONG, MEIYOUCHUXIANYINGAOYOULIDEXIANXIANG, DANSHIQIANGZUXUANLVDEFENGGEMINGXIAN。BAINIXIANYANCUNDICHUBEICHUANBEIBUPIANYUANDIDAI, JIAOTONGBUBIANLI, CHUANTONGWENHUAWEIHUJIAOHAO, LILAIYOUHOUSHANGEDECHUANTONG。BENCUNCHU“SHANGE”XUANLVWAI, HAIYOUYISHOUCHUANCHANGGUANGFANDE《GAOQIANG》XUANLV, YIRENLINGCHANGZHONGRENHE, XUANLVJUYOUDIANXINGDEHANZUGAOQIANGSHANGEDETEDIAN (PULI5) 。YIGECUNZIJIYOUHANZUSHANGEYOUYOUQIANGZUFENGGEDESHANGEXUANLV, TIXIANCHUZIGUYILAICUNZAIDEWENHUAJIAOLIUYURONGHE。

                                      PULI5:

                                      (四) 茂县杨柳寨《布丝布耶》

                                      ZAIQIANGZUJUJUDIHEXINQUYUDEMAOXIANYANGLIUZHAI, YELIUCHUANZHEZHEIGEXIANGSIDEMINGEXUANLV, YOUHANYU、QIANGYUBUTONGDEGECI, ZHAIZILIYOUBUFENFUNVHUIYONGQIANGYUCHANGZHEISHOUGE, CHUANCHANGRENLUOXIUYINGSHUOZHEISHICONGBIEDEDIFANGXUELAIDE, BUSHIBENCUNCHUANTONGDEMINGE, QIANGYUJIAOZUO《BUSIBUYE》 (GECIYIYIBUXIANG) 8。YEYOURENYONGHANYUGECICHANGZHEISHOUGE, GEMINGJIAO《TAIYANGLUOPO》, GECIWEI“TAIYANGLUOPO (YO) SISHANHEI, SISHANLAOYA (YO) JIUQISHEN (NI) ……”。ZHEISHOUMINGEXUANLVSUIRANZAIMAOXIANBEIBUFANGYANQUYOUCHUANCHANG, DANYUBENDIMINGEFENGGEBUTONG, JIHUJIUSHI《KUQINGGE》GUGANYINBANBEN, MEIYOUJIAHUACHULI, XUANLVJIANDANZHILV, MINGXIANSHUYUWAILAIMINGE, DANQICHUCHUBUXIANG (PULI6) 。

                                      PULI6:

                                      三、相似民歌旋律传唱的趋同与变异性

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   SHANGSHUWUSHOUMINGE, CHUANCHANGZAICHUANXIBEIDIQUQIANG、HANMINZUZHIJIAN, YOUZHEGONGTONGXUANLVGUGANYIN, XIANGJINDEXUANLVJINXINGFANGSHI, JIHUXIANGTONGDEXUANLVZHONGZHISHI, BIZHERENWEI, ZHEISHITONGYISHOUMINGEZAIBUTONGZUQUNZHIJIANCHUANCHANGDEHELIDIAOZHENG。RUGUOYAOZHUISUQICHUCHU, WENCHUANYANMENXIANGDE《KUQINGGE》GENGKENENGSHIYUANCHUANGMINGE, QILIYOUYOUSAN:QIYI, QIANGMINZUZIGUSHANZHANGGEWU, 《KUQINGGE》XUANLVJUYOUGUQIANGMINGEDEDIANXINGTEZHENG, YOUXIANGDANGDEYANCHANGNANDU, BUKENENGCONGBIEDEMINZUCHUANRUZHEILEIXUANLV, MAOXIANYANGLIUZHAISUIRANYOUXIANGSIXUANLVDEMINGE, SHENZHIYOUQIANGYUGECIBANBENDELIUCHUAN, DANXUANLVDANDIAO, YUBENDIQIANGYUMINGEFENGGEBUTONG, CHUANCHANGZHEYEZICHENGSHIWAILAIMINGE;QIER, 《KUQINGGE》YONGHANYUYANCHANG, BENSHENJIUDAIBIAOZHEQIANGYUHANZUWENHUAJIAOLIU、RONGHEDESHIQING, QIANGZUFENGGEXUANLVJIASHANGHANYUGECI, GENGRONGYIZAIQIANGHANDIQULIUCHUANKAILAI;QISAN, CHU《KUQINGGE》YIWAIDESISHOUMINGE, JUNMEIYOUCHUXIANYOULIZHUANGTAIDEYIN, YEMEIYOUCHUXIANJIAODUODEDUANZHANGJIEZOU, BIYUANSHIBANBENDOUGENGJIANDAN, ZHEIYESHIMINGECHUANCHANGZHONGBIJIAOCHANGJIANDEXIANXIANG。DANGWOMENJIANG《KUQINGGE》ZUOWEIYUANSHIMINGEBANBENLAIJINXINGFENXISHI, JIUHUIFAXIAN, GEDIZAICHUANCHANGZHEISHOUMINGESHI, DOUGENJUZIJIDEYINLEHEYUYANFENGGEJINXINGLESHIYINGXINGDIAOZHENG, ZHEIZHONGDIAOZHENGZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIXUANLVHEGECIBIANHUALIANGGEFANGMIAN。

                                      (一) 旋律音符的增减

                                      LISHISHANGSHANGECHUANCHANGDOUSHIYIKOUERXIANGCHUANWEIZHUYAOTUJING, JIEZOUFANGMIANDADUOBIJIAOZIYOU, XUANLVYINFUZEGENJUCHUANCHANGZHEDEGECHANGSUZHIHEGECHANGXIHAOERDING。CHUANCHANGZHEYINLESUZHIHAO, JIUCHANGDEBIJIAOXIANGYUANBAN, YINLESUZHICHAYIXIE, JIUHUISHANJIANYINFU, ERYOUXIECHUANCHANGZHESHOUBENDIMINGEFENGGEDEYINGXIANG, SHENZHIKENENGZENGJIAYIXIEYINFU, XINGCHENGGENGFUZADEJIAHUACHULI。《KUQINGGE》CAIYONG3/4PAIZI, YIGONG10GEXIAOJIE, CHULEXUANLVZHONGSUOYONGDAODEYIGEJIANGZHIHELIANGGEJIANGYUYINBEICHUANCHANGZHESHENGLVEHUOBIANHUAYIWAI, ZAICHUANCHANGZHONGYEJIANGJIEPAIBIANCHENGLE4/4HUO2/4PAI, JIANSHAOLEDUANZHANGJIEZOUHEZHANGDUANJIEZOU。ZHEIYANGJIANHUACHUANCHANGDEJIEGUO, BUJINJIANSHAOLEXUANLVYINFU, YEJIANGDILEXUANLVDEGECHANGNANDU, GENGSUNSHILEXUANLVDEGUQIANGMINGEFENGGE。

                                      DANSHIQINGPIAN《JIAOSHENGXIANMEIWODEGAN》QUEZAIXUANLVGUGANYINDEJICHUSHANG, ZENGJIALEYIXIESHANGYANGDEYINFU, RUDIERXIAOJIEDEfaYIN, ZHEIYANGBIANSHIDICHENYOUSHANGDEQUFENG, BIANDEYOUXIEQIAOPI、XIQING。BAINI《GAOGAOSHANSHANGYIZHIHUA》ZAIGEQUJIEWEICHU, SUIRANYONGLETONGYANGDEZHONGZHISHI, DANSHIYUYINSHANGZENGJIALESHIZHI, SHI“YO”ZICHUXIANLEQIEFENJIEZOUDEZHUANYIN, XIANDEGENGWEIWAN、QUZHE、DONGTING。

                                      (二) 歌词语言的变化

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   TONGCHANGLAISHUO, TONGYIGEDIFANGDETONGYISHOUGECI, HUIYOUDUOGEBUTONGDEMINGEXUANLV, ERXIANGTONGDEMINGEXUANLV, WANGWANGDOUYOUHENDUOGEBUTONGDEGECI, DANSHIQIGECIJIEGOUXIANGTONG, GOUCIFANGSHIJINSI。NEIME, BUTONGDIFANGDETONGYISHOUMINGEXUANLV, ZAICHUANCHANGZHONGQIGECIDEBIANHUAYOUSHIZENYANGDENI?

                                    棋牌大全下载安装   《KUQINGGE》DEGECICHUQUCHENCIHEFEIGUANJIANCI (KENENGSHICHUANCHANGZHELINSHIJIASHANGDE“NEI”“WO”DENG) , SHIYIQIYANLIANGJUWEIJICHU, JINXINGDUOCIDUANLUOZHONGFUDEJIEGOU。LINGWAISISHOUGECHUQUCHENCI, YEDOUSHICAIYONGXIANGTONGDEGOUCIFANGSHI。DANSHI, ZHEIWUSHOUMINGEDECHENCISHIYONGQUEYOUZHEGEZIDETEDIAN。《KUQINGGE》CHU“YO”“WEI”DENGCHANGYONGCHENCIWAI, JIEWEICHUDE“HUAHUANI”SHIHANZUMINGEZHONGBUCHANGYONG、SHENZHIBUHUISHIYONGDECHENCI, ZHEIJIYOUKENENGSHIQIANGYUKOUYUDEYICUN。MAOXIANYANGLIUZHAIDE《BUSIBUYE》CHENCISHIYONGZUISHAO, CHUMEIJUJIEWEIYONGYIGE“YO”ZIWAI, JUZHONGZHIJIALEYIGE“E”, PEIHEBIJIAOZHIJIEHEGANBADEXUANLV, YOUWAILAIMINGESHENGSEDEGANJUE。BEICHUANBAINI《GAOGAOSHANSHANGYIZHIHUA》HEQINGPIAN《JIAOSHENGXIANMEIWODEGAN》CAIYONGDECHENCIFENGFU, YIGEQIYANJU, WANGWANGPEIYOUERZHISANGECHENCI, BAOKUO“MA”“YO”“YE”, PEIHEQIXUANLVZOUXIANGDEWEIWAN、FENGFU, CHANGCHULESHANLUANXIANGDIE、GOUHEZONGHENGDEZIRANFENGGUANG, TONGSHICHANGCHULEYIDINGDEZIXINXINHEZIHAOGAN, YOULEMINGXIANDEHANZUSHANGEYUNWEI。YU《KUQINGGE》GUPO、DICHEN、BEILIANGDEGUQIANGMINGEYOULEFENGGESHANGDEBIANHUA, ZHANSHICHUHANRENJIAOGAODESHEHUIDIWEIHEZHULIUWENHUADEQIANGSHITEZHENG。

                                      结语

                                      QIANGZUZUOWEIHUAXIAYITIDUOYUANMINZUDEZUCHENGBUFEN, QILISHIYOUJIU, WENHUAJIDIANHOUSHI, YOUQISHIYINLEWENHUA, QIGUYOUDEYINLETIANFUHEZHANGJIUDEGEWUCHUANCHENGSHIDEQIANGZULIUXIALEDALIANGZHENGUIDEWENHUAYICHAN, BINGWEIHUAXIAZHONGDUOMINZUDEXINGQIHEZHUANGDATIGONGLEYANGFEN。ZHENGRUFEIXIAOTONGXIANSHENGFENXI:“QIANGRENZAIZHONGHUAMINZUXINGCHENGGUOCHENGZHONGDEZUOYONGSIHUHEHANRENGANGHAOXIANGFAN。HANZUSHIYIJIENAWEIZHUERZHUJIANZHUANGDADE, QIANGZUQUEYIGONGYINGWEIZHU, ZHUANGDALEBIEDEMINZU。HENDUOMINZUBAOKUOHANZUZAINEICONGQIANGRENZHONGDEDAOLEXUEYE。”9CONGZHEIYICENGMIANLAIKAN, CHUANXIBEIDIQUDEZHUDUOQIANG、HANMINGEZHONG, WANQUANBAOLIUHUOBUFENBAOLIULEGUQIANGMINGEDEFENGGESHUYUZHENGCHANGXIANXIANG。DANSHI, TONGGUOBENWENFENXI, WOMENYEZHUYIDAOYIGEFEICHANGJINPODESHISHI, JIQIANGRENWEILESHIYINGSHENGCUNFAZE, ZHUDONGJIANGZIJIDEMINGE (ZHURU《KUQINGGE》ZHILEI) DIAOZHENGWEIHANYUYANCHANG, BINGZUOWEIHANWENHUAXUEXIDECHENGGUOFANFUZHANYAN、CHUANBO, JINERZAIQIANG、HANDIQUDEDAOGUANGFANCHUANCHANG。ERCHUANCHANGZHEHAOBUKEQIDIJIANGYUANMINGEZHONGQIANGZUFENGGEDEBUFENZHIJIESHENGLVEHUOHANHUA, XINGCHENGYIZHONGXINXINGDEHANHUAHOUDEMINGE, BINGZUOWEIZIJIDECHUANTONGYINLEBAOLIUXIALAI。ZHEIBENSHIYINLEHANHUAZHONGBUKEBIMIANDEWENTI, DANZHESHIYINGGAIYINQIXUEJIEDEGUANGFANGUANZHU, YINWEISUIZHEHANWENHUADEZHANGQIQIANGSHIDIWEIHEBUDUANYANSHEN, QIANGZUNAIZHIQITASHAOSHUMINZUWENHUABIMIANBULEZHUJIANSHUAITUISHENZHIXIAOWANGDEMINGYUN。JINGUANZHENGFUXIANGGUANBUFENYIJINGKAIZHANLEZHUDUOBAOHUCUOSHI, DANSHIWOMENBUKENENGRANGQIANGMINZAIHUIDAOYUANSHIDESHENGHUOZHUANGTAI, YINWEIWOMENZIJIYEYIJINGZAIWANGLUO、MEITIDETUIDONGXIA, BEILIZUXIANDESHENGHUOFANGSHIYUELAIYUEYUANLE, WOMENNENGGOUZUODESHIRUHEZHONGSHIDIJILUHEBAOHUHAOXIANCUNDESHAOSHUMINZUWENHUACHUANTONG, SHIZHIZAILISHIZHANGHEZHONGLIUXIAZIJIYINGYOUDEWENHUAHENJI。

                                      注释:

                                      1 时田珍唱, 郑凌云记谱, 2015年8月松坪沟田野调查时收集。
                                      2 (3) 杨羽剑、汪静泉、曾令士 (执笔) :《四川羌族民间歌曲述略》, 亚欣主编:《中国民间歌曲集成·四川卷》, 新华书店北京发行所, 1997年版, 第1360页。
                                      3 (5) 华明玲:《绵竹清平民歌的羌汉音乐接触研究》, 《民族学刊》, 2018年第3期。
                                      4 周顺兰唱, 郑凌云记谱, 2015年4月参加北川小寨子情歌节时收录。
                                      5 孙丕发唱, 郑凌云记谱, 2014年10月北川白坭乡鲜艳村田野调查时收录。
                                      6 罗秀英唱, 郑凌云记谱, 2015年11月茂县杨柳寨田野调查时收录。
                                      7 费孝通:《中华民族多元一体格局》, 中央民族大学出版社, 1999年版, 第28页。

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