棋牌大全下载安装

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                1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 艺术论文 > 黄阁麒麟舞非遗传承人的现状与保护策略

                  黄阁麒麟舞非遗传承人的现状与保护策略

                  时间:2018-12-19 10:49作者:招建贞 李红彦 杨泽婷
                  本文导读:这是一篇关于黄阁麒麟舞非遗传承人的现状与保护策略的文章,国务院《关于加强我国非物质文化遗产保护工作的意见》中指出:“随着全球化趋势的加强和现代化进程的加快,我国的文化生态发生了巨大变化,非物质文化遗产受到越来越大的冲击。

                    摘    要:棋牌大全下载安装 广州南沙区黄阁镇悠久的历史文化孕育出了麒麟舞,也造就了一代又一代优秀的麒麟舞传承者。黄阁麒麟舞这一非物质文化遗产的传承人,是麒麟舞在传承和发展过程中的重要因素。通过对黄阁麒麟舞传承人的自身状况、经济扶持状况、传承状况等三个方面进行现状分析,提出黄阁麒麟舞传承人的活态保护路径,以期能够促进人们对黄阁麒麟舞的认识和了解,培育更多优秀的麒麟舞传承人,加强对我国非物质文化遗产的保护。

                    关键词: 黄阁麒麟舞; 传承人; 现状; 保护;

                    GUOWUYUAN《GUANYUJIAQIANGWOGUOFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANBAOHUGONGZUODEYIJIAN》ZHONGZHICHU:“SUIZHEQUANQIUHUAQUSHIDEJIAQIANGHEXIANDAIHUAJINCHENGDEJIAKUAI,WOGUODEWENHUASHENGTAIFASHENGLEJUDABIANHUA,FEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANSHOUDAOYUELAIYUEDADECHONGJI。YIXIEYIKAOKOUSHOUHEXINGWEICHUANCHENGDEWENHUAYICHANZHENGZAIBUDUANXIAOSHI,XUDUOCHUANTONGJIYIBINLINXIAOWANG,DALIANGJUYOULISHI、WENHUAJIAZHIDEZHENGUISHIWUYUZILIAOZAODAOHUIQIHUOLIUSHIJINGWAI,SUIYILANYONG、GUODUKAIFAFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANDEXIANXIANGSHIYOUFASHENG。JIAQIANGWOGUOFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANDEBAOHUYIJINGKEBURONGHUAN。”

                    QILINWUSHIGUANGZHOUNANSHAQUHUANGGEZHENGULAODEMINJIANYISHU,SHENGXINGYIYOUYIBAIDUONIAN,FENGNIANGUOJIE、SHENDANJIAOHUI、QIUSECHUYOU,RENMENHUIWUQIQILIN,YIBIAOYINGXIANGNAFU、QIQIUFENGDIAOYUSHUN、GUOTAIMINANDELIANGHAOYUANWANG。HUANGGEZHENYOUJIUDELISHIWENHUAYUNYUCHULEQILINWU,YEZAOJIULEYIDAIYOUYIDAIYOUXIUDEQILINWUCHUANCHENGZHE。HUANGGEQILINWUZHEIYIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANDECHUANCHENGREN,SHIQILINWUZAICHUANCHENGHEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEZHONGYAOYINSU。

                    一、黄阁麒麟舞传承人现状分析

                    (一)麒麟舞主要传承人现状

                    HUANGGEQILINWUZUOWEISHENGJIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFENZHIYI,BUJINSHINANSHADANGDIRENDEJINGSHENZAITI,HAIJUYOUYIDINGDESHEHUIJIAOHUAGONGNENG。HUANGGEQILINWUZHENGZHUBUKUODAYINGXIANGLI,CHUANCHENGRENDEZISHENZHUANGKUANGGENGSHIZHIJIEGUANXIDAOQILINWUWEILAIDEFAZHAN。ZAIDUOFANGFANGTANHESOUXUNZILIAOHOU,CONGYIXIAJIWEICHUANCHENGRENLAIJINXINGFENXI:

                    李滚元,82岁,黄阁镇大塘村人,麒麟舞市级非物质遗产传承人,7岁时便跟着村里有武术功底的大师傅学习武术和麒麟舞。他刻苦训练,加上他的聪慧,进步迅速。功夫不负有心人,在2012年,李滚元被评为“第三批市级麒麟舞非遗传承人”,目前是黄阁镇内年龄最大的麒麟舞老教头。
                   

                  黄阁麒麟舞非遗传承人的现状与保护策略
                   

                    MAIXINAN,71SUI,QILINWUSHIJIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANCHUANCHENGREN,CONGSHILAISUIKAISHIXUEXIQILINWU。MAIXINANHUIYIGANGKAISHIXUEXIQILINWUDESHIHOU,XUEYUANYOUWULIUSHIREN,DANSHIYOUYUXUNLIANHUANJINGJIANLOU、XUNLIANQIANGDUDA,ZUIHOUNENGJIANCHIXIALAIDEZHIYOUSANSHIRENZUOYOU,XIANZAIDOUYIJINGNIANGUOHUAJIA,YIWUKAIZHANQILINWUJIAOXUEDENENGLI。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   ZHANGZIKANG,30SUI,CONGXIAOXIWU,SHISUIKAISHIJIECHUQILINWU。JINIANQIAN,TACONGGUANGDONGTIYUXUEYUANWUSHUXIBIYEHOUHUIDAOHUANGGEZHENLAOJIAJINGYINGJIAZUSHOUYI,YEYUSHIJIANCHENGDANQIDAJINGCUNLONGSHIQILINTUANDEJIAOLIANGONGZUO,NIANJIN20SUIJIUBEIRENDINGWEISHIJIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANCHUANCHENGREN。ZAIHENDUORENKANLAIZHANGZIKANGTAINIANQINGLE,DANCONGLINGYIJIAODUKAN,QILINWUQIAQIAQUEFANIANQINGYIBEIDERENLAICHENGDANQICHUANCHENGDEZHONGREN。

                    HUANGGEQILINWU

                   黄阁麒麟舞 

                  棋牌大全下载安装   《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANFA》DISANSHITIAOGUIDING:“XIANJIYISHANGRENMINZHENGFUWENHUAZHUGUANBUMENGENJUXUYAO,CAIQUXIANGGUANCUOSHI,ZHICHIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANDAIBIAOXINGXIANGMUDEDAIBIAOXINGCHUANCHENGRENKAIZHANCHUANCHENG、CHUANBOHUODONG。”[1]NANSHAHUANGGEQILINWUZAI2007NIANBEIPINGWEISHENGJIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHAN,QILINWUTUANDUIZAIZHENGFUDEFUCHIXIARIYIZHUANGDA。JULEJIE,NANSHAQUZHENGFUMEINIANDOUTOURU200WANYUANYONGYUQUNEI20ZHIQILINWUDUIWUDEBIYANHUODONG,PINGJUNMEIYIZHIDUIWUDOUNENGHUODE10WANYUANDEBUTIE。

                    DANCONGZHANGYUANKAN,LUOSHIDAOCHUANCHENGRENZISHENSHENGCUNFAZHAN,QUEBAOCHUANCHENGRENNENGZHUANZHUYUCHUANCHENGCHUANTONGWENHUADEFUCHIZIJINQUESHAOZHIYOUSHAO[2]。NANSHAQUXIANYOU4ZHIQILINWUDUIWU,MEIZHIDUIWUZHONGDERENYUANPINGJUNNIANLINGDOUZAI45SUIYISHANG,XUDUOZAI60SUIYISHANG。ZONGTIKAN,QILINWUDUIWUCHUANCHENGRENDUIWULAOLINGHUAWENTIYANZHONG,ZHUYAOKAOZHANGZHEKOUSHOUXIANGCHUANDEFANGSHI,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZUAIQILINWUDEFAZHANSUDUYUCHUANGXINTIXIAN。QILINWUTUANDUIGONGYOU20DUOREN,QUEJIHUMEIYOUYICHUANCHENGQILINWUWEIZHUYEDEREN,TUANDUIZHONGMEIGERENDOUSHIBAQILINWUDANGZUOFUYEHUOZHEYEYUAIHAO,ZHEIYESHIDAOZHIQILINWUQUEFAZHUANYEXINGBINGCHANSHENGCHUANCHENGWEIJIDEZHONGYAOYUANYINZHIYI。

                    (二)麒麟舞传承中的主要问题

                    QILINSHIRUISHOU,ZAIDANGDIBEIRENWEISHIJIXIANGDEXIANGZHENG,SHENSHOUDANGDIQUNZHONGDEXIAI,MEICIQILINWUBIAOYANBIDINGHUIXIYINXUXUDUODUODEGUANZHONG。QILINWUZUOWEIYIZHONGMINSUWENHUA,RUOXIANGWANZHENGDECHUANCHENGXIAQU,BIXUYOUZHASHIDEWUSHUJICHU。JUCHUANCHENGRENZHANGZIKANGSUOSHUO:“XUEXIQILINWUQISHISHIYIXIANGHENLEIDEHUODONG,SUOYIHENDUORENDOUMEIBANFAJIANCHIXIAQU。XUEXIQILINWUZUIDADEKUNNANZAIYU,ZISHENYAOYOUHENZHASHIDEJIBENGONG,CAINENGKAISHIXUEXIQILINWUBIAOYAN。”DANGXIAYIJINGHENSHAOYOURENYUANYIHUAJINIANDESHIJIANLIANJICHU。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   WEILERANGGENGDUODERENYUANYIXUE、YUANYICHUANCHENG,QILINWUCHUANCHENGRENYEZAIQILINWUDEJIAOXUEMOSHISHANGZUOLEHENDUODEGAIBIAN,TONGGUOCHUANGXINDEFANGFAJIANGQILINWUJIAOXUENEIRONGYUYOUXIXIANGJIEHE,RANGHAIZIMENXIHUANXUE、LINGHUOXUE、ZHANGQIXUE,YIPEIYANGGENGDUODEQIANZAICHUANCHENGZHE。DANQILINWUDECHUANCHENGGUOCHENGYESHOUDAOHENDADEYALI,NANSHADANGDIDEJIAZHANGLAOSHIRENGSHIXIWANGHAIZIMENYIXUEYEWEIZHONG,SHENZHISHAOBUFENRENHUIRENWEIXUEXIQILINWUSHIBUWUZHENGYEDEXINGWEI,JIUQIYUANYIN,RENGSHIDUIQILINWUWENHUADERENTONGGANKUIFA。FANDUIHAIZIMENXUEXIQILINWU,YAOQIUXUESHENGXUEXIGEZHONGWENHUAKECHENG,ZHEIYESHIDAOZHIQILINWUZAIXISHOU“XINXIANXUEYE”GUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANSHOUZUDEYUANYINZHIYI[3]。

                    二、黄阁麒麟舞传承人活态保护路径

                  棋牌大全下载安装   HUANGGEQILINWUZUOWEIGUANGDONGSHENGFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANXIANGMU,BAOHUCHUANCHENGRENJIUSHIBAOHUWENHUAYICHANDEGUANJIANHEHEXIN。DUIQIJINXINGBAOHU,XUYAOCONGZHENGFU、SHEHUIYUCHUANCHENGRENZISHENDENGFANGMIANJINXINGKEXINGXINGFENXIHEJIANYI。

                    (一)加大宣传推广,壮大传承人队伍

                  棋牌大全下载安装   HUANGGEQILINWUZUOWEIGUANGDONGSHENGFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANXIANGMU,ZHENGFUBUMENXUYAOBUDUANJIAQIANGDUIHUANGGEQILINWUDEZHICHI,BANGZHUHEFUCHIHUANGGEQILINWUJINXINGXUANCHUANHUODONG,ZHUCHIJUBANQILINWUXIANGGUANHUODONG,DINGQIXIANGQUNZHONGPUJIQILINWUWENHUA。QILINWUZISHENGENGYAOBUDUANCHUANGXIN,SHIKEJINGENSHIDAICHAOLIU,RUZAIWEIXINGONGZHONGHAO、DOUYIN、WEIBODENGXIANSHANGLIULIANGQUNTIJUJIDEDIFANGJINXINGXUANCHUAN,JIEHESHIDAITEDIAN,XIYINNIANQINGQUNTIDEZHUYILI。ZAIXIANXIA,QILINWUYINGBUJUXIANYUZAIHUANGGEBENDIYANCHU,ZAIGEDIBISAIJILEIJINGYANDETONGSHI,YINGXUNQIUGENGDUOZOUCHUHUANGGEJINXINGYANCHUDEJIHUI,RANGHUANGGEQILINWUZOUCHUGUANGDONG、ZOUXIANGSHIJIE,RANGGENGDUODEGUOMINRENSHIBINGLEJIEHUANGGEQILINWU,JINERDUIXUEXIQILINWUCHANSHENGXINGQU,TIGAOBENDIQUYIJIFUSHEFANWEIDIQUDERENMENDUIHUANGGEQILINWUDERENTONGGAN,WEIZHURUGENGDUOXINXUEYETIGONGQIJI[4]。

                  棋牌大全下载安装   TONGSHI,YAOBUDUANZHUANGDAQILINWUCHUANCHENGRENDUIWU。DANGDIZHENGFUYINGGAIZUZHIXIANGGUANZHUANJIAHEXUEZHESHENRUHUANGGEDANGDIDUIHUANGGEQILINWUCHUANCHENGRENJINXINGKAOCHAHESHI,BAOZHENGCHUANCHENGZHILIANGDETONGSHITIGAOCHUANCHENGZHEDEJIJIXING;DALIBIAOZHANGYOUJIECHUGONGXIANDECHUANCHENGREN,TIGAOTAMENDESHEHUIDIWEIHESHEHUIMINGYU,WEICHUANTONGWENHUACHUANCHENGRENTIGONGYIDINGDEFASHENGPINGTAI。JIYAOJINYIBUFAJUEZILISHEN、JIYIGAODECHUANCHENGREN,YOUYAOCONGNIANQINGYIDAIZHONGJIQUXINXIANHUOLI,RANGGENGDUOYOUCHUANCHENGYISHIDENIANQINGRENZHUANGDAQILINWUCHUANCHENGRENDEDUIWU,RANGDUIWUCHONGMANHUOLI,SHIQILINWUDECHUANCHENGSHENGSHENGBUXI。QILINWUCHUANCHENGRENKEYIZOUJINZHONGXIAOXUEXIAO,KAISHEJIANGZUO,PUJIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANZHISHI,BOSAZHONGZI,RANGZHONGXIAOXUESHENGCONGXIAOERRUMURAN,ZAOJIUGENGDUODEQIANZAICHUANCHENGREN。XUEXIAOKEYIJIANGHUANGGEQILINWUDENGFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANBIANRUXIANGTUJIAOCAI,TONGGUODIERKETANG、TESETIYUXIANGMUDENGFANGSHICUJINCHUANCHENGHUODONGDETUIGUANG。

                    (二)加强教育培训,提高传承人素养

                  棋牌大全下载安装   XUEXIAOSHICHUANCHENGQILINWUDENGFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANDEZHONGYAOJIDI。YIGUANGDONGBAIYUNXUEYUANWEILI,XUEXIAOXINGSHIDUISUIYOUXIANGGUANDEQILINFUSHI,DANSHENSHAOYOUDUIYUANLEJIEBINGXUEXIQILINWU。SUOYIYAOBUDUANJIAQIANGHUANGGEQILINWUYUGAOXIAOZHIJIANDELIANXI,RANGQILINWUZOURUGAOXIAO,FENGFUDAXUESHENGDEKEYUSHENGHUO。GAOXIAOZIYUANFENGFU,LILUNSHUIPINGJIAOGAO,RANGQILINWUZOUJINXIAOYUAN,XISHOUGAOXIAONIANQINGQIEGAOZHILIANGRENCAI,RANGGAOXIAOBUZHIYOUWULONGXINGSHI。

                    HUANGGEQILINWUGENGDUODESHIYIHUOTAIDEFANGSHICUNZAI,CHUANCHENGRENSHIWENHUACHUANCHENGDEGUANJIAN,CHUANCHENGRENDEGEFANGMIANSUYANGYEYAOBUDUANTIGAO。CHUANCHENGRENYAOYOUWENHUAZIJUEYISHIHEWENHUAZIXIN,BUJINYAOZHANGWOQILINWENHUAGEFANGMIANDENEIRONG,GENGYAOJUBEICHUANGXINHECHUANCHENGYISHI。CHUANCHENGRENKEYITONGGUOGEZHONGQUDAOZIZHUXUEXILEJIEHUANGGEQILINWUCHUANTONGWENHUADENEIHAN,JIJICANJIAXIANGGUANYANXIUPEIXUNHUODONG,HANGSHIJICHU,TISHENGZISHENJINENG。ZAIBIANPAIQILINWUJIEMUSHICHUANCHENGRENYAOYUSHIJUJIN,ZAIBUGAIBIANCHUANTONGWENHUANEIHANDEQIANTIXIAJINXINGGAIGECHUANGXIN,RONGRUSHIDAIZHUTI,RANGGENGDUORENFAXIANQILINWUDEMEI。

                    (三)完善经济保障,增加传承人收入

                    ZHENGFUSHIBAOHUHUANGGEQILINWUCHUANCHENGRENDEZHUTI,SHIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANBAOHUGONGZUODEGUANLIZHEHEZUZHIZHE。WANSHANHUANGGEQILINWUCHUANCHENGRENDEJINGJIBAOZHANG,ZHENGFUXIANGGUANBUMENYINGGUIFANXIANGGUANBUZHOU,ZUODAOYANGEBAKONG,DUOFANGCHOUJIZIJIN;YAOANZHAOCHUANCHENGRENSUOZHANGWOJIYIDECHENGDUHERENDINGCHUANCHENGDENGJIJIYUQIYIDINGDEJINGJIZIZHU,TEBIESHIDUIYIQILINWUZUOWEIZHUYEDECHUANCHENGRENGENGYINGMEIYUETIGONGGUDINGDEJINGJIZIZHU,SHIQIANXINCHUANCHENGQILINWU;ZAIXIANYOUDESHEHUIYANGLAO、YILIAO、NONGCUNDISHENGHUOBAOZHANGCUOSHIZHONG,YINGGAIYOUXIANXIANGQILINWUDENGFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANCHUANCHENGRENQINGXIE,DUIYUCHUANCHENGRENDEZHUANXIANGBUZHUYINGLUOSHIDAOWEI,GENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGJIADATOURU。JIEHEDANGXIADESHIDAITEDIAN,HAIKEJIANGHUANGGEQILINWUYUXIANGCUNLVYOUJIEHEQILAI,ZAICUJINDANGDIJINGJIFAZHANDETONGSHIYEWEIWENHUACHUANCHENGRENZENGJIASHOURU。

                    三、结语

                    YOUXIUDEMINZUCHUANTONGWENHUAJUYOUQIANGDADENINGJULIHEXIANGXINLI,HUANGGEQILINWUDECHUANCHENGYUFAZHANBAOHANLEJIDAIRENDEXINXUE,YEJIANZHENGLEHUANGGEBENDIDEWENHUAYANBIAN。YAOBAHUANGGEQILINWUZHEIYICHUANTONGWENHUAJIXUCHUANCHENGXIAQU,BAOHUCHUANCHENGRENFEICHANGZHONGYAO。ZAISHEHUIGEJIERENSHIDEGONGTONGNULIXIA,YINGZAOLIANGHAODECHUANCHENGHEBAOHUFENWEI,RANGCHUANCHENGRENANXINYOUXIAODICHUANCHENGJIYI,DUJUTESEDEQILINWENHUADINGHUIXINHUOXIANGCHUAN,SHENGSHENGBUXI,LIJIUMIXIN。

                    参考文献

                    [1]向红.谈黔西南州布依族口碑古籍传承人现状与保护[J].才智,2017(13):217-219.
                    [2] 中华人民共和国非物质文化遗产法[法律法规].2011年6月1日起实施.
                    [3]尹爱民.论新时代非物质文化遗产传承人的保护[J].边疆经济与文化,2019(06):77-78.
                    [4] 黄世杰,刘景予.非物质文化遗产保护中的文化传承及传承人保护研究——以武鸣壮族师公舞传承为例[J/OL].广西师范学院学报(哲学社会科学版):1-7,2018-11-09.

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