棋牌大全下载安装

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                                当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 经济管理论文 > “劳动”概念的逻辑层次在《资本论》中的体现

                                “劳动”概念的逻辑层次在《资本论》中的体现

                                时间:2017-02-11 14:06作者:学位论文网
                                本文导读:这是一篇关于“劳动”概念的逻辑层次在《资本论》中的体现的文章,摘 要: 《资本论》及其手稿中的 劳动概念具有三重逐渐递进的逻辑层次: 一是抽象层面上为人类社会生活的所有历史形式所共有的 一

                                  ZHAI YAO: 《ZIBENLUN》JIQISHOUGAOZHONGDE “LAODONG”GAINIANJUYOUSANZHONGZHUJIANDIJINDELUOJICENGCI: YISHICHOUXIANGCENGMIANSHANGWEIRENLEISHEHUISHENGHUODESUOYOULISHIXINGSHISUOGONGYOUDE “YIBANLAODONG”,ERSHIZIBENZHUYITIAOJIANXIAZIBENJIAZHIHUIGONGRENSHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHIDE “GUYONGLAODONG”,SANSHIDAIBIAOZHETESHUDEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDE “SHEHUILAODONG”。ZAICONG 《1857—1858 NIANJINGJIXUESHOUGAO》DAO《1863—1865 NIANJINGJIXUESHOUGAO》DEXIEZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,MAKESIZHUBUTUIJINLEGUANYUXIANSHIZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGDELIJIE,BINGZAICIJICHUSHANGCONGZIBENBENSHENDENEIZAIMAODUNYUNDONGZHONGJIESHICHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDELISHIHELIXINGYULISHIZANSHIXING。YILISHIBIANZHENGFAQINGXIDISHULI 《ZIBENLUN》JIQISHOUGAOZHONG “LAODONG”GAINIANDELUOJIYANJIN,SHIBAWOMAKESIZIBENZHUYIPIPANLILUNDEZHONGYAOQIERUDIAN。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   GUANJIANCI: YIBANLAODONG; GUYONGLAODONG; SHEHUILAODONG; 《ZIBENLUN》; ZIBENZHUYIPIPAN

                                棋牌大全下载安装   DANGDAIGUOWAIZUOPAIXUEJIEDEBUSHAOXUEZHEZHILIYUTONGGUOXINGAINIANLAIJIEDUDANGDAIZIBENZHUYIDEXINBIANHUA,ZHEIZHONGXUESHUNULIZHIDEKENDING。DANYUCITONGDENGZHONGYAODESHI,RUGUOYAOJIANGZHEIZHONGLILUNNULIYUFAZHANMAKESIZHUYILILUNLIANXIQILAI,JIUBIXUWANZHENG、ZHUNQUEDIBAWOMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZUOJIADESHENKESIXIANG。HATEHENAIGELISHIDANGJINGUOWAIZUOPAIXUEJIEJUYOUZHONGYAOYINGXIANGLIDELILUNJIA,TAMENZAI 《DATONGSHIJIE》ZHONGTICHU: “YUQISHUOZIBENTIGONGXIEZUO,BURUSHUOSHIBODUOXIEZUO,ZHEISHIBOXUESHENGMINGZHENGZHILAODONGLIDEHEXINYAOSU。ZHEIZHONGBODUOBUSHIFASHENGZAIGETIGONGRENSHENSHANG ( YINWEIXIEZUOYIJINGZHAOSHIZHEJITIXING) ,ERSHIFASHENGZAISHEHUILAODONGSHENSHANG,YIXINXILIUDONG、JIAOWANGWANGLUO、SHEHUIFUMA、YUYANCHUANGXINYIJIQINGGANHEJIQINGDEXINGSHIBIAOXIANCHULAI。”①TAMENCONGSHENGMINGZHENGZHILAODONGDEJIAODULIJIESHEHUILAODONGGAINIAN,RENWEIMAKESIDEZHENGZHIJINGJIXUEPIPANSHIJIANLIZAICHUANTONGDEKEJILIANGDEGUYONGLAODONG、SHENGYUJIAZHIDENGGAINIANJICHUSHANGDE。YISHANGGUANDIANJIESHILECONGDUOZHONGCENGMIANPOUXIHESHULIMAKESILAODONGGAINIANDEBIYAOXING。MAKESIZAI 《ZIBENLUN》JIQISHOUGAOZHONGSHIJISHANGYEYUNYONGGUO “SHEHUILAODONG”GAINIAN,DANTADUIZHEIYIGAINIANDEBAWOYUHATE、NAIGELIYOUZHEHENDADEBUTONG。ZHEIBUJINGUANHUTAMENZHIJIANSHIFOUDOUNENGYUNYONGXINGAINIANDEWENTI,ERQIEGUANHUSHEINENGZHUAZHUPOUXIXINXIANXIANGDEKEXUEFANGFALUNDEWENTI。ZHENGYINWEIRUCI,BENWENSHITUTONGGUODUIMAKESILAODONGGAINIANDESANZHONGNEIHANDEJIESHI,LAITUXIANMAKESIZAIZHEIYIWENTISHANGDEXUESHUSIXIANGJIFANGFALUNDESHENKEXING。

                                  YI、ZAI 《ZIBENLUN》JIQISHOUGAOZHONG,MAKESIDE “LAODONG”GAINIANJUYOUSANZHONGZHUJIANDIJINDELUOJICENGCI: SHOUXIAN,CONGZUICHOUXIANGDECENGMIANSHANGLAIJIANG,LAODONGSHILAODONGZHEWEILEMANZUZISHENXUYAO、JIEZHUYUYIDINGDELAODONGZILIAOGAIZAOLAODONGDUIXIANGDETESHUHUODONG,TAWEIRENLEISHEHUISHENGHUODESUOYOULISHIXINGSHISUOGONGYOU,JI “YIBANLAODONG”; QICI,JIUTEDINGDESHEHUILISHIXINGERYAN,ZIBENZHUYITIAOJIANXIADELAODONGGUOCHENGBIAOXIANWEIZIBENXIAOFEILAODONGLISHANGPIN、ZHIHUIGUYONGLAODONGSHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHIDEGUOCHENG,LAODONGLISHANGPINZUOWEIZIBENDEKEBIANZUCHENGBUFEN,FANYINGDESHI “GUYONGLAODONG”; ZAICI,SUIZHEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIBENSHENDEGAIBIAN,TEBIESHILAODONGGUOCHENGDEJISHUTIAOJIANHESHEHUITIAOJIANDEBIANGE,SHEHUIHUADASHENGCHANCHENGWEIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEZHUYAOTEZHENG,LAODONGDUIZIBENDEXINGSHISHANGDECONGSHUFAZHANWEISHIJISHANGDECONGSHU,DANGEGONGRENZHIYOUTONGGUOSHEHUIHUALAODONGCAINENGFAHUIZUOYONG,CIJI“SHEHUILAODONG”。DUIYUMAKESIERYAN,ZHIYOUZHANZAI “SHEHUILAODONG”DECENGMIANSHANGZHENZHENGLIJIEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEBENZHITEZHENG,CAINENGCONGNEIZAIMAODUNYUNDONGDEWEIDUCHUFADUIZIBENBENSHENJINXINGKEXUEDEJIESHIYUPIPAN。

                                  MAKESIZAI 《ZIBENLUN》DIYIJUANYI “ZIBENDESHENGCHANGUOCHENG”WEIYANJIUZHUTI,BINGQIEYANGEANZHAO “CONGCHOUXIANGSHANGSHENGDAOJUTI”DEKEXUEFANGFALAIZHANKAIZHEIYILUNTI。YINCI,ZAILUNSHU “SHANGPIN” “HUOBI”JI “HUOBIZHUANHUAWEIZIBEN”DE “CHOUXIANG”JIEDUAN,XIANSHIDE “LAODONG”WENTIHAIWEIJINRUMAKESIDELUNSHUFANWEI。ZAIZHEILI,“LAODONG”GAINIANBANYANZHESHUANGZHONGDEZUOYONG: YIFANGMIAN,YIJUTILAODONGYUCHOUXIANGLAODONGDEXINGSHIGOUCHENGLESHENGCHANSHANGPINDELAODONGERZHONGXING; LINGYIFANGMIAN,YILAODONGLISHANGPINDEXINGSHITUXIANLEZIBENZHUYITIAOJIANXIALAODONGXINGZHIDEZHUANBIAN。ZUOWEIYIZHONGTESHUDESHANGPIN,“TADESHIYONGJIAZHIBENSHENJUYOUCHENGWEIJIAZHIYUANQUANDEDUTESHUXING”,ZIBENTONGLAODONGLISHANGPINDEJIAOHUAN,JINERZIBENXIAOFEILAODONGLISHANGPINDEGUOCHENG,JIUCHENGWEICHUANGZAOJIAZHIYUSHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHIDEGUOCHENG。①

                                  MAKESIYIDANJIANGFENXISHIYUCONG “CAOZADE”JIAOHUANLINGYUTUIJINDAO “YINBIDE”SHENGCHANCHANGSUO,XIANSHIDELAODONGGUOCHENGJIUCHENGWEISHOUXIANYAOMIANDUIDEDUIXIANG,ZHEISHIYINWEI,ZHIYOUJIESHIZIBENZHUYITIAOJIANXIALAODONGGUOCHENGDEZHENSHIYUNXINGJIZHI,CAINENGTOUSHIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGBENSHENDEAOMI,BINGJIAYIKEXUEDEPIPAN。NEIME,SHENMESHIXIANSHIDEZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGNI? MAKESIMEIYOUZHIJIEQIERUZHEIYIWENTIDEFENXI,ERSHIRENGRANBINGCHENG “CONGCHOUXIANGSHANGSHENGDAOJUTI”DEFANGFASHOUXIANKAOCHALEYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENG。ZAIMAKESIKANLAI,RUGUOPIEKAITEDINGDESHEHUIXINGSHIDUILAODONGGUOCHENGJIAYIKAOCHA,NEIMELAODONGGUOCHENGJIUSHI “ZHIZAOSHIYONGJIAZHIDEYOUMUDEDEHUODONG,SHIWEILERENLEIDEXUYAOERDUIZIRANWUDEZHANYOU,SHIRENHEZIRANZHIJIANDEWUZHIBIANHUANDEYIBANTIAOJIAN,SHIRENLEISHENGHUODEYONGHENGDEZIRANTIAOJIAN”。ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,MAKESIZAIZHEILISUOLUNSHUDEYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENGYUTAZAIZAOQIXIEZUO 《1844 NIANJINGJIXUEZHEXUESHOUGAO》SHISUOYIJUDEYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENGYOUZHEBENZHIDECHABIE。ZAI 《1844 NIANJINGJIXUEZHEXUESHOUGAO》ZHONG,MAKESISHICONGYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENGDESHIJIAOKAOCHAZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENG,BINGQIEBAZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGJINJINLIJIEWEIYIZHONGCHUNCUIGERENDEZHIJIELAODONGGUOCHENG。JIYUCI,DANGSHIDETAWUFAFAXIANZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGDENEIZAIBENZHI,ERZHINENGYIWAIZAIXUANSHEDERENBENZHUYIJIAZHIZHIDIANLAIPIPANGONGRENLAODONGDEYIHUAXINGZHI。JINGGUOWEIWUSHIGUANDESIXIANGGUODU,CISHIDEMAKESIYIJINGBUZAIJINJINCONGLONGTONGDECHOUXIANGCENGMIANSHANGLAILIJIEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGLE。ZAITAKANLAI,ZUOWEITEDINGLISHIXINGSHIDEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGJUYOUGENGWEIFENGFUDESHEHUIGUIDINGXING,TABAOHANZHELIANGGEBUTONGDECENGMIAN: “ZUOWEILAODONGGUOCHENGHEJIAZHIXINGCHENGGUOCHENGDETONGYI,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGSHISHANGPINSHENGCHANGUOCHENG; ZUOWEILAODONGGUOCHENGHEJIAZHIZENGZHIGUOCHENGDETONGYI,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGSHIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENG,SHISHANGPINSHENGCHANDEZIBENZHUYIXINGSHI。”YEJIUSHISHUO,JINGUANCHENGRENYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENGWEIRENLEISHEHUISHENGHUODESUOYOULISHIXINGSHISUOGONGYOU,ZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGYEBULIWAI,DANQINGZHUYI,ZHEIJINJINSHI “CHOUXIANG”CENGMIANDELUNSHU。“CHOUXIANG”CENGMIANDECUNZAIZHISUOYIZHONGYAO,JIUSHIWEILEGENGHAODIBIANBIEBUTONGLISHIJIEDUAN “JUTI”DETESHUXINGHECHAYIXING,NENGGOUDUI “JUTI”JINXINGJUTIDEFENXI。JIULAODONGGUOCHENGERYAN,LUNSHUYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENGDEMUDEJIUSHIWEILEZHICHUZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGDESHEHUILISHIXING。MAKESIXIANGYAOGAOSUWOMEN,ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGSHOUXIANSHIYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENG,SHIPAOKAILENEIZAIDECHAYI、ZAIRENLEILISHIFAZHANZHONGSHIZHONGCUNZAIDEYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENG。DANWENTISHI,JINJINCONGYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENGCHUFASHIWUFAZHUNQUELIJIEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEBENZHINEIHANDE。ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENG “ZUOWEILAODONGGUOCHENGYUJIAZHIZENGZHIGUOCHENG”DEBIANZHENGTONGYITI,TADEBENZHISHUXINGSHIJIAZHIZENGZHIGUOCHENG,BUJINYAOSHENGCHANSHIYONGJIAZHIYUJIAZHI,ERQIEYAOSHENGCHANSHANGPIN; BUJINYAOSHENGCHANSHANGPIN,ERQIEYAOSHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHI。②

                                  YINCI,ZAIZIBENZHUYITIAOJIANXIA,LAODONGGUOCHENGYOU “YIBANLAODONG”FAZHANWEI “GUYONGLAODONG”。“GUYONGLAODONG”ZUOWEIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG “LAODONG”DEDIANXINGXINGSHI,TIXIANZHEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDETESHULISHIXING。WOMENKEYICONGSANGEFANGMIANLAIJIAYIKAOCHA: DIYI,CONGQIANTIDEJIAODUKAN,LAODONGZHEHELAODONGTIAOJIANXIANGFENLIDELISHIGUOCHENGZUOWEIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEQIDIAN,③SHIDELAODONGLIZHANYOUZHESHIQULELAIYIDULISHENGCUNDESHENGCHANZILIAOHESHENGHUOZILIAO,BUDEBUZUOWEI “ZIYOUGONGREN”ZAISHANGPINSHICHANGSHANGXUNZHAOYUZISHENXIANGDUILIDEZIBEN,WEIZHIXISHOU,JINERCHENGWEIZIBENZIXINGZENGZHIDEJIAZHIYUANQUAN; DIER,CONGGUOCHENGDEJIAODUKAN,GUYONGGONGRENDELAODONGGUOCHENGBUZAISHIGETILAODONGZHEJIEZHUYUZIJIDELAODONGZILIAOJINXINGDULISHENGCHANDEZIRANLAODONGGUOCHENG,ERSHIBIAOXIANWEIZAIZIBENZHIPEIXIACHUANGZAOSHENGYUJIAZHIDEGUOCHENG。JIUJIAZHIZENGZHIERYAN,TAGOUCHENGZIBENDEKEBIANZUCHENGBUFEN; DISAN,CONGJIEGUODEJIAODUKAN,GUYONGGONGRENZAIZIBENDEZHIPEIXIASUOSHENGCHANDECHANPINZHISHIBIAOXIANWEIZIBENDECHANWU,TIXIANZHEZIBENBENSHENDESHENGCHANLI,ERBUZAISHILAODONGZHUTIDUIZISHENBENZHILILIANGDEQUEZHENG。ZIBENTONGLAODONGLISHANGPINDEJIAOHUANZUOWEISHANGPINJIAOHUANDEYIZHONGTESHUXINGSHI,JISHIYIWANGLISHIFAZHANDEJIEGUO,YESHILAODONGCHANPINPUBIANSHANGPINHUADETIXIAN。DUIYULAODONGLISHANGPINERYAN,TAJIRANYIJINGSHIQULEDULIJINXINGYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENGDEWUZHIJICHU,JIUZHINENGZUOWEIZIBENDEKEBIANBUFENCANYUZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENG; DUIYUZIBENERYAN,LAODONGLISHANGPINDEYIYIJIUZAIYUTAZISHENJUYOUDUTEDESHIYONGJIAZHI,JITASHIJIAZHIZENGZHIDEYUANQUAN,ZIBENXIAOFEILAODONGLISHANGPINDEGUOCHENGJIUBIAOXIANWEIGUYONGLAODONGZAIZIBENZHIPEIXIASHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHIDEGUOCHENG。

                                  ER、CONG “YIBANLAODONG”TUIJINDAO “GUYONGLAODONG”,ZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGDESHEHUILISHIGUIDINGXINGYIJINGZHANGXIANCHULAI。RANER,ZHEIHAIMEIYOUCHUJIZUOWEITESHUSHENGCHANFANGSHIDEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIBENSHENDEBIANHUA。LAODONGLISHANGPINTONGZIBENXIANGJIAOHUAN,JINERCHENGWEIKEBIANZIBEN,ZAIZIBENDEZHIHUIXIACHUANGZAOSHENGYUJIAZHI,HUOZHESHUOZIBENKAISHIXIAOFEIZISHENSUOXINADELAODONGLISHANGPINDESHIYONGJIAZHI,ZHEIYIJIEDUANKANSIYIJINGJINRULEXIANSHIDEZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENG,DANSHIJISHANGJINJINSHIJIAOHUANGUOCHENGDEBIRANJIEGUO,JINJINSHILAOZIJIAOHUANDEYANSHENGUOCHENG。RUGUOBAZIBENZHUYIPIPANDELUOJIAODIANZHIYUCI,RENWEIZIBENZHUYIDEWANEZHIYUANJIUSHIZIBENDUIGUYONGLAODONGSUOCHUANGZAODESHENGYUJIAZHIJINXINGCANKUBOXUE,NEIMEWOMENJIUHENYOUKENENGXIANGXUDUOSHEHUIGAILIANGZHUYIZHENEIYANG,BAZIBENZHUYIPIPANDEHEXINLIJIEWEIGAIBIAN “LAODONG”DEZUZHIXINGSHI。ZAIMAKESIKANLAI,SUIZHEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIBENSHENDEGAIBIAN,TEBIESHILAODONGGUOCHENGDEJISHUTIAOJIANHESHEHUITIAOJIANDEBIANGE,SHIJIQINGKUANGBIANDEGENGWEIFUZA。DANGSHEHUIHUADASHENGCHANCHENGWEIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEZHUYAOTEZHENGSHI,LAODONGDUIZIBENDEXINGSHICONGSHUFAZHANWEILAODONGDUIZIBENDESHIJICONGSHU,LAODONGDEJISHUGUOCHENGHESHEHUIZUZHIFASHENGLECHEDIDEGEMING。①ZAIYIJIQIDAGONGYEWEIDAIBIAODEFADAZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,ZUOWEIZHUTIXINGHUODONGDELAODONGBUFENYIJINGZHUJIANQUYUXIAOJIE,LAODONGDESHEHUISHENGCHANLIYUFABIAOXIANWEIZIBENDESHENGCHANLI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   DUIYUCI,MAKESIBENRENDESIXIANGYOUYIGEBUDUANTUIJINDEGUOCHENG。ZAI 《DEYIZHIYISHIXINGTAI》ZHONG,MAKESITONGGUOCHANSHUSHENGCHANLIYUJIAOWANGXINGSHIDENEIZAIMAODUNYUNDONGWANCHENGLEDUILISHIWEIWUZHUYIJIBENYUANLIDEBIAODA,BINGQIETANDAOLEZIDONGJIQITIXIDEZIBENZHUYIYUNYONG,DANYOUYUDUIJUTIZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGDELEJIEHAIBUGOUSHENRU,TARENGSHIZHUYAOCONGYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENGJIAODULAILIJIEZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENG。ZAIMAKESIKANLAI,“CAIYONGJIQISHENGCHANYIJISHIXINGZUIGUANGFANDEFENGONG”DEZIBENZHUYIDAGONGYE “BUJINSHIGONGRENDUIZIBENJIADEGUANXI,ERQIESHILAODONGBENSHENDOUCHENGWEIGONGRENBUKANRENSHOUDEDONGXI”。②CONGZHEIYANGYIZHONGSHIJIAOCHUFA,CISHIDEMAKESIBIRANWUFALIJIEZIBENZHUYISHEHUITEYOUDESHENGCHANGUANXI,GENGWUFABAWOZIBENZHUYITIAOJIANXIALAODONGGUOCHENGDEFUZAXINGZHI,ERJINJINBA “ZIBEN”KANZUOSHIYIWUZHIXINGSHICHENGXIANDE “JILEIDELAODONG”,YUZHIDUILIDE “LAODONG”JIUCHENGWEIRENLEIZHUTIZISHENHUODONGNENGLIDEZHANXIAN。ZHEIYIWENTIZAISHAOWANDE 《ZHEXUEDEPINKUN》YIJI 《GUYONGLAODONGYUZIBEN》ZHONGYOUSUOTUPO。YIDANMAKESIJIANG “JIAOWANGGUANXI”MINGQUEJIEDINGWEI “SHENGCHANGUANXI”,NEIMEWEIWUSHIGUANSHIYUZHONGDE“ZIBEN”JIUBUZAISHI “WU”,ERSHIJUYOUTEDINGLISHIXINGDESHEHUIGUANXI; “LAODONG”YEJIUBUZAISHICHOUXIANGDEYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENG,ERSHIJUYOUFENGFULISHIGUIDINGXINGDETESHULAODONGGUOCHENG。DANYAOZHUYIDESHI,YUHOULAIDE 《ZIBENLUN》XIANGBI,MAKESIZAISHANGSHULIANGGEWENBENZHONGDUIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUANXIDETANTAOHAISHICONGZHEXUELISHIGUANCENGMIANCHUFADE,DUIYUXIANSHIZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGDELIJIEHAIYOUDAIYUJINYIBUJUTIHUA。

                                  ZHEIYIGONGZUOMAKESISHIZAI 《ZIBENLUN》JIQISHOUGAOZHONGWANCHENGDE。《1857—1858 NIANJINGJIXUESHOUGAO》DE “HUOBIZHANG”YOUYUTAOLUNDESHIJIANDANLIUTONGGUANXI,RENGCHUYU “CHOUXIANG”JIEDUAN,HAIMEIYOUJINRUJUTIDEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENG。ZHUANRU“ZIBENZHANG”,MAKESIJIUKAISHILUNSHU “HUOBIZHUANHUAWEIZIBEN”YIJI “ZIBENHELAODONGDEJIAOHUAN”,BINGQIEMINGQUEBAZIBENDESHENGCHANGUOCHENGKANZUOSHI “LAODONGGUOCHENGHEJIAZHIZENGZHIGUOCHENG”DEBIANZHENGTONGYI。LAODONGLISHANGPINYUZIBENDEJIAOHUAN,QIJIEGUOJIUSHIZIBENDEZHIJIESHENGCHANGUOCHENG,JIZIBENXIAOFEILAODONGLISHANGPIN、ZHIHUIGUYONGLAODONGSHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHIDEGUOCHENG。DUIZIBENLAISHUO,GUYONGLAODONGCUNZAIDEYIYIJIUSHISHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHI。XIANRAN,CISHIDEMAKESIYIJINGCONGLISHIXINGDESHENGCHANGUANXICENGMIANLAIKAOCHAZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGLE,BINGQIEJIANGZIBENZHUYITIAOJIANXIADELAODONGGUOCHENGLIJIEWEIZIBENZHIPEIXIADE “GUYONGLAODONG”。DANJINYIBUERYAN,ZHEIJINJINDAIBIAOZHEZIBENDEJIANDANSHENGCHANGUOCHENG,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG,TAHAISHILAOZIJIAOHUANDEYANSHENGUOCHENGYUSHIXIANXINGSHI,HAIMEIYOUTUXIANCHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGBENSHENDEDULIYIYI。

                                  ERDAOLE “ZIBENDELIUTONGGUOCHENG”,QINGKUANGYOUSUOGAIBIAN。TONGGUOKAOCHAZIBENDEZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENG,TEBIESHISUIZHEGUDINGZIBENDEFAZHAN、ZIDONGJIQITIXIDEXINGCHENG,MAKESIKAISHIZHUJIANYUECHUZHIJIESHENGCHANGUOCHENGJIEDUAN,JINERWAJUEZUOWEITESHUSHENGCHANFANGSHIDEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEZISHENXINGZHI。MAKESIZHICHU,ZAIZIDONGDEJIQITIXIZHONG,“LAODONGXIANZAIJINJINBIAOXIANWEIYOUYISHIDEJIJIAN,TAYIDANGEDEYOUSHENGMINGDEGONGRENDEXINGSHIFENBUZAIJIXIETIXIDEXUDUODIANSHANG,BEIBAOKUOZAIJIQITIXIBENSHENDEZONGGUOCHENGZHONG,LAODONGZISHENJINJINSHIZHEIGETIXILIDEYIGEHUANJIE,ZHEIGETIXIDETONGYIBUSHICUNZAIYUHUODEGONGRENZHONG,ERSHICUNZAIYUHUODE ( NENGDONGDE) JIQITIXIZHONG,ZHEIZHONGJIQITIXITONGGONGRENDEDANGEDEWUZUQINGZHONGDEDONGZUOXIANGBI,ZAIGONGRENMIANQIANBIAOXIANWEIYIGEQIANGDADEJITI”。RUGUOSHUOZAIZIBENDEJIANDANSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,GONGRENDELAODONGGUOCHENGHAIZHANJUZHESHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEZHUDAODIWEI,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGYULAODONGGUOCHENGHAIBUNEIMEJINGWEIFENMING,NEIMEDAOLEYIZIDONGJIQITIXIZHANZHUDAODESHENGCHANGUOCHENGJIEDUAN,ZUOWEIYOUZHUTIXINGDELAODONGGUOCHENGJIUFASHENGLEJULIEDEZHUANXING,GONGRENDEJIANDANSHENGCHANGUOCHENGHUO “GUYONGLAODONG”DESHIXIANXINGSHIYIJINGTUIJUCIYAODIWEI,CHENGWEIZIDONGTIXIZHONGDECONGSHUHUANJIE,JINJINBIAOXIANWEIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEYIGETESHUBUFEN。HUANYANZHI,GONGRENZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEZHIJIELAODONG “TONGYIBANKEXUELAODONGXIANGBI,TONGZIRANKEXUEZAIGONGYISHANGDEYINGYONGXIANGBI,LINGYIFANGMIANTONGCHANSHENGYUZONGSHENGCHANZHONGDESHEHUIZUZHIDE、BINGBIAOXIANWEISHEHUILAODONGDEZIRANCIYU ( SUIRANSHILISHIDECHANWU) DEYIBANSHENGCHANLIXIANGBI,QUEBIANCHENGYIZHONGCONGSHUDEYAOSU”。①YINCI,XIANSHIDEZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGYIJINGBUZAISHI “GUYONGLAODONG”DESHIXIANXINGSHI,BUZAISHILAOZIJIAOHUANDEYANSHENGUOCHENG,ERSHISHANGSHENGWEIYIZHONGSHEHUILAODONGGUOCHENG,ZHEIZHONG “SHEHUILAODONG”JUYOUGENGWEIFENGFUDELISHIBIAOXIANXINGSHI,NEIHANZHE “SHEHUIZHISHI”DEJILEI、ZIRANKEXUEDEYUNYONGYIJISHEHUILAODONGZUZHIDEFAZHAN。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   ZAI 《1857—1858 NIANJINGJIXUESHOUGAO》ZHONG,MAKESIYIJINGKAISHIWAJUEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGBENSHENDEDUTENEIHAN,BINGQIEBADUIXIANSHIZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGDELIJIECONG “GUYONGLAODONG”CENGMIANTUIJINDAO “SHEHUILAODONG”CENGMIAN。RANER,ZUOWEISHITANXINGDEYANJIUBIJI,《1857—1858 NIANJINGJIXUESHOUGAO》DUIYUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGXIANGGUANWENTIDELIJIEHAISHIBUGOUCHENGSHUDE,MAKESIHAIMEIYOUSHIXIANDUIGONGCHANGSHOUGONGYE、JIQIDAGONGYEHEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEKEXUERENSHI。PIRUSHUO,CISHIDETAHAISHIZAIYIBANXINGCENGMIANSHANGTANLUNZUOWEILAOZIJIAOHUANJIEGUODELAODONGDUIZIBENDECONGSHUGUANXI,GONGRENDEJIANDANLAODONGGUOCHENGRENGRANSHILAOZIJIAOHUANGUOCHENGDEYANSHEN。ZHISHIDAOLELUNSHUZIBENDELIUTONGGUOCHENG,CAISHEJIDAOGENGWEIFUZADEDAIBIAOZIBENZHUYITESHUXINGZHIDESHEHUILAODONGGUOCHENG。LINGWAI,TADUI “XIEZUO”DELISHIXINGZHIYEMEIYOUZHANKAIFENXI。SHIJISHANG,ZHIYOUDAOLEXIEZUO 《1861—1863 NIANJINGJIXUESHOUGAO》,MAKESICAIZHENZHENGLIJIELEDAIBIAOZHETESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDE “SHEHUILAODONG”DEBENZHINEIHAN。

                                  SHOUXIAN,MAKESIYILAODONGSHENGCHANLIDEFAZHANXINGSHIWEISHIJIAO,MINGQUELE “JUEDUISHENGYUJIAZHIDESHENGCHAN”YU “XIANGDUISHENGYUJIAZHIDESHENGCHAN”LIANGZHEDEQUFENBIAOZHUN,JIANLILECHENGSHUDEXIANGDUISHENGYUJIAZHILILUN。MAKESIZHICHU,ZIBENCHUANGZAOSHENGYUJIAZHIDEQUSHITIXIANWEIYANZHANGSHENGYULAODONGSHIJIANDEQUSHI,②JUEDUISHENGYUJIAZHIDESHENGCHANLIQIUYANZHANGGONGZUORI,RANERZHEIZHONGYANZHANGHUIYUDAOZISHENZIRANXIANZHIYUSHEHUIXIANZHI。YINCI,SUODUANBIYAOLAODONGSHIJIAN、TIGAOLAODONGSHENGCHANLIYIZENGJIASHENGYULAODONGSHIJIANJIUCHENGWEIZIBENSHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHIDENEIZAIYAOQIU,ZHEIJIUSHIXIANGDUISHENGYUJIAZHIDESHENGCHAN。TAJIYIJUEDUISHENGYUJIAZHIDESHENGCHANWEIZISHENDEQIDIAN,YOUYITESHUDEZIBENZHUYIDESHENGCHANFANGSHIWEIQIANTI。③YUCIXIANGDUIYINGDESHI,XIANSHIDEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGYOUZIBENZHIPEIXIAGUYONGGONGRENDEDULILAODONGGUOCHENGFAZHANWEIJUYOUGENGJIAFENGFUNEIRONGDE “SHEHUILAODONG”GUOCHENG。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   QICI,MAKESISHENRUWAJUELE “XIEZUO”DESHEHUILISHIYIYI,BINGJINYIBUJIANG “XIEZUO” “FENGONG”YU “JIQI”ZUOWEILAODONGSHENGCHANLIFAZHANDEBUTONGJIEDUAN,CONGERBAZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEZHUYAOTEZHENGLIJIEWEI “SHEHUIHUADASHENGCHAN”。ZAIJIANDANXIEZUOZHONG,XUDUOGONGRENDEXIETONGXINGDONGCHUANGZAOCHULEYIZHONGCHAOCHUDANGELAODONGZHELILIANGZONGHEDEJITISHENGCHANLI,ZHEIZHONGJITISHENGCHANLISHISHEHUILAODONGDEZIRANLI。ZIBENZHUYIDEXIEZUOXINGSHIYIZIBENDUIGUYONGGONGRENDESHENGCHANZHIHUIQUANWEIQIANTI,GONGRENYIJINRULAODONGGUOCHENG,JIUCHENGWEIZIBENDETESHUCUNZAIXINGSHI ( KEBIANZIBEN) ,TAMENZAIXIETONGXINGDONGZHONGZUOWEI “SHEHUIGONGREN”SUOFAHUIDESHENGCHANLI,JIUBIAOXIANWEIZIBENDESHENGCHANLI。DAOLEGONGCHANGSHOUGONGYEJIEDUAN,GONGRENDELAODONGFANGSHIFASHENGLECHEDIDEGEMING,TADEDULILAODONGGUOCHENGYIJINGWANQUANXIAOJIE,MEIGEGONGRENDOUBEIGUDINGZAIXIANGDUIXIAAIDEJUBUFANWEINEI,ZHISHIZUOWEISHENGCHANZHONGDEJIQIBUJIANQIZUOYONG。ZAIGONGCHANGSHOUGONGYEFENGONGTIAOJIANXIA,GUYONGLAODONGBENSHENZHUANHUAWEIZHONGSHENCONGSHIMOUZHONGJUBUZHINENGDEQIGUAN,GONGRENZHIYOUZUOWEI “PIANMIANDEJUBUGONGREN”CAINENGZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGFAHUIZUOYONG。JINYIBUERYAN,ZAIYIJIQIDASHENGCHANWEITEZHENGDEXIANDAIGONGCHANGZHONG,GONGRENLAODONGFANGSHIDEGEMINGXIANXIANDEGENGWEICHEDI。ZAIRONGHELE “SHEHUIZHISHI”、ZIRANKEXUEYUSHEHUILAODONGZUZHIDEXIANDAIGONGCHANGZHIDUMIANQIAN,DANGEGONGRENDELAODONGGUOCHENGYIJINGBUZAIJUYOUDULIDEYIYI,ZHIYOUZUOWEI “SHEHUIHUADEGONGREN”TONGGUOZHIJIESHEHUIHUADEHUOGONGTONGDELAODONGCAINENGCANYUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENG。

                                  ZUIHOU,ZAISHANGSHULIANGZHEJICHUSHANG,MAKESITICHULELAODONGDUIZIBENDEXINGSHISHANGDECONGSHUYUSHIJISHANGDECONGSHUZHIQUFEN,JIESHILETESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDUILAODONGGUOCHENGDEGENBENGAIBIAN。ZAILAODONGDUIZIBENDEXINGSHICONGSHUZHONG,ZIBENJINJINZAIXINGSHISHANGZHIHUIGONGREN,MEIGEGONGRENDELAODONGGUOCHENGXIANGDUIDULIQIEMEIYOUFASHENGZHIXINGBIANHUA,GUYONGGONGRENDELAODONGFANGSHIRENGRANANZHAOYIQIANDEMOSHI,ZIBENZHISHIJIANGTAMENJIEHEZAIYIQI,ZHENGGELAODONGGUOCHENGBUJUYOUDULIDELISHIYIYI; ERZAILAODONGDUIZIBENDESHIJICONGSHUXIA,ZIBENYIJINGSHENTOUDAOGONGRENDELAODONGGUOCHENGZHONG,CONGGENBENSHANGGAIBIANLEYIWANGDELAODONGFANGSHI,XINGCHENGLEYIZHONGXINDESHEHUILAODONGGUOCHENG,ERZHEIZHONGXINDESHEHUILAODONGGUOCHENGZEDAIBIAOZHETESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEDIANXINGXINGSHI。YINCI,MAKESISHUO:“SUIZHELAODONGZAISHIJISHANGCONGSHUYUZIBEN,ZAISHENGCHANFANGSHIBENSHENZHONG,ZAILAODONGSHENGCHANLVZHONG,ZAIZIBENJIAHEGONGRENZHIJIAN———ZAISHENGCHANNEIBU———DEGUANXIZHONG,YIJIZAISHUANGFANGBICIDESHEHUIGUANXIZHONG,DOUFASHENGWANQUANDEGEMING。”①

                                棋牌大全下载安装   SAN、WENTIZHICIHAIWEIJIESHU。DUIYUMAKESIERYAN,JINJIUFENXI “SHEHUILAODONG”ZAIZIBENGUANXIZHONGSHIRUHEYUNZUODEHAIYUANYUANBUGOU,ZHEISHITASHIZHONGZHILIYUPIPANZICHANJIEJIJINGJIXUEJIADEZUOFA。②ZAILISHIWEIWUZHUYIDESHIYUZHONG,CHULEYAOZHIDAO “SHEHUILAODONG”DEJUTINEIRONGYUYUNXINGJIZHIZHIWAI,WOMENHAIBIXUYILISHIFASHENGXUEDESILUZAIZIBENBENSHENDEYUNDONGZHONGYANJIURUXIAWENTI: TASHIZENMEBEISHENGCHANCHULAIDE,TADEBENZHIGUIDINGXINGSHISHENME,YIJITADEWEILAIFAZHANLUJINGJIUJINGRUHE?

                                棋牌大全下载安装   DANGMAKESIZAI 《1861—1863 NIANJINGJIXUESHOUGAO》ZHONGJINYIBUKAOCHA “LAODONGDUIZIBENDESHIJISHANGDECONGSHU”SHI,TAZHICHU: “WEISHENGCHANERSHENGCHAN,JIBUGURENHESHIXIANJUEDINGDEHESHIXIANBEIJUEDINGDEXUYAOJIEXIANLAIFAZHANRENLEILAODONGSHENGCHANLI……HAISHIHETAZIJIDEJIEXIANXIANGMAODUNDE。YINWEI,JISHIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANSHIQIJINWEIZHIYIQIESHENGCHANFANGSHIZHONGZUIYOUSHENGCHANXIAOLIDE,DANTAYOUYUZISHENDEDUILIXINGZHIERBAOHANZHESHENGCHANDEJIEXIAN,TAZONGSHILIQIUCHAOCHUZHEIXIEJIEXIAN,YOUCIJIUCHANSHENGWEIJI,SHENGCHANGUOSHENGDENGDENG。”③ZAIMAKESIKANLAI,JINGUANDAIBIAOZHEZHENZHENGDEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDE “SHEHUILAODONG”ZAIJIDACHENGDUSHANGFAZHANLEWUZHISHENGCHANLI,TUXIANCHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDELISHIYIYI,DANSHITAYOUYUQIZISHENDEZIBENZHUYIXINGZHI,BIRANBAOHANZHELIANGDIANTEZHENG: YIFANGMIAN,“SHEHUILAODONG”ZISHENDEMAODUNXINGBAOHANZHESHENGCHANDEJIEXIAN,ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANZONGSHIYAOCHONGPOZHEIGEJIEXIAN,YINERYINFAJINGJIWEIJI、SHENGCHANGUOSHENGDENGDENG; LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAIZIBENZHIPEIXIADE “SHEHUILAODONG”ZHONG,SHEHUILAODONGSHENGCHANLIDEFAZHANBUSHIZUOWEIRENDESHENGCHANLVDEFAZHAN,ERSHIZUOWEIYURENDEZIYOUGEXINGFAZHANXIANGDUILIDEDANCHUNWUZHICAIFUDESHENGCHAN。YEJIUSHISHUO,“SHEHUILAODONG”JISHIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDELISHIXINGCHANWU,TONGSHIYOUWEIGENGGAOJIEDUANDEXINSHENGCHANFANGSHICHUANGZAOCHUWUZHIJICHU。ZHEIXIEGUANDIANDOUZAI 《1863—1865 NIANJINGJIXUESHOUGAO》ZHONGDEDAOLEGENGJIAXIANGXIDECHANSHU。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   ZUOWEICONGDIYICE “ZIBENDESHENGCHANGUOCHENG”XIANGDIERCE “ZIBENDELIUTONGGUOCHENG”DEGUODU,《1863—1865 NIANJINGJIXUESHOUGAO》ZHONGDEDIYICEDILIUZHANGJI “ZHIJIESHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEJIEGUO”SHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODECHENGJIEXINGZHANGJIE。ZAIZHEILI,MAKESIBUJINCONGSHENGYUJIAZHISHENGCHANJIZHIDEBIANHUAZHONGZAICIQIANGDIAOLELAODONGDUIZIBENDEXINGSHICONGSHUFAZHANWEITESHUDEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHI,“ZIBENBUJINJINSHILAODONGSUOGUISHUDE、BALAODONGBINGRUZISHENDELAODONGCAILIAOHELAODONGZILIAO; ZIBENHAIBALAODONGDESHEHUIJIEHEYIJIYUZHEIXIESHEHUIJIEHEXIANGSHIYINGDELAODONGZILIAODEFAZHANCHENGDU,LIANTONGLAODONGYIQIBINGRUTAZISHEN”,④ERQIEHAIZAIKAOCHA “LAODONGDUIZIBENDESHIJISHANGDECONGSHU”ZHONGJINYIBUJIESHILE “SHEHUILAODONG”DEBENZHISHUXINGYULISHIYIYI。ZHEITIXIANZAIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:

                                  DIYI,“SHEHUILAODONG”DELISHIXING。MAKESIZHICHU,“ZHEIZHONGLAODONGDESHEHUISHENGCHANLIHUOSHEHUILAODONGDESHENGCHANLI,ZAILISHISHANGZHIYOUSUIZHETESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHICAIFAZHANQILAI,YINERBIAOXIANWEIZIBENZHUYIGUANXIDENEIZAIDEDONGXI,BIAOXIANWEIGENZIBENGUANXIBUNENGFENKAIDEDONGXI”。⑤ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHISHIYIYIDINGDELISHIJIEDUANHESHEHUIXINGSHIWEIQIANTIDE,DANLAODONGGUOCHENGJISHIJISHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEFANGSHIYUFANGFABINGBUHUIYIKAISHIJIUSUIZHESHENGCHANDESHEHUIXINGZHIDEGAIBIANERFASHENGBENZHIDEBIANHUA。

                                  XIANGFAN,SHIJIQINGKUANGQUESHIDANGLAODONGGUOCHENGKAISHICONGSHUYUZIBENSHI,ZIBENSHIZAIXIANYOUDELAODONGGUOCHENGYUJISHUFANGSHIDEJICHUSHANGJINXINGJIAZHIZENGZHIYUNDONGDE。RUQIANWENSUOZHICHUDENEIYANG,ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGXINGXIA,ZIBENXIAOFEILAODONGLISHANGPINDESHIYONGJIAZHI、ZHIHUIGUYONGGONGRENJINXINGSHENGCHAN,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG,ZHEIHAISHILAOZIJIAOHUANGUOCHENGDEYANSHENJIEDUAN。RANER,SUIZHELAODONGDUIZIBENDEXINGSHISHANGDECONGSHUFAZHANWEISHIJISHANGDECONGSHU,YIZHONGBUTONGYUYIQIANDE、YUNHANZHEFUZANEIRONGDE “SHEHUILAODONG”FAZHANQILAILE。ZHEIZHONGYI “SHEHUILAODONG”WEIDISEDETESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDAIBIAOZHEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANDESHIZHI,TAJISHIZHENGGELAODONGGUOCHENGDESHIJIFANGFAFASHENGLEGEMINGXINGDEBIANGE,YOUZAIJIDACHENGDUSHANGGAIBIANLEZIBENJIAYUGONGRENDEGUANXI,GOUCHENGZIBENGUANXIFAZHANDEXINJICHU。YINCI,“SHEHUILAODONG”BINGFEISHIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHISUOGUYOUDETIANRANSHUXING,TASHISUIZHEZIBENZISHENYUNDONGDETUIJINERFAZHANQILAIDE。

                                  DIER,“SHEHUILAODONG”DEWUHUAXING。YOUYUHUOLAODONGZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGYIJINGBEIBINGRUZIBEN,SUOYI “SHEHUILAODONG”SUOTIXIANDELAODONGDESHEHUISHENGCHANLIBIAOXIANWEIZIBENDESHENGCHANLI,ERFEIGUYONGGONGRENDEZHUTISHENGCHANLI。ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGSHIYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENGYUJIAZHIZENGZHIGUOCHENGDEBIANZHENGTONGYI,RUGUOYIYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENGDESHIJIAOKAOCHAZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENG,NEIMEZHEIYIGUOCHENGQUESHISHIGONGRENZAISHIYONGSHENGCHANZILIAODEJICHUSHANGHAOFEIZIJIDELAODONGNENGLI、CONGERJINXINGWUZHIBIANHUANDEZIRANGUOCHENG; DANSHIRUGUOWOMENCONGJIAZHIZENGZHIGUOCHENGDESHIJIAOKAOCHAZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENG,NEIMEZAIZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHONGJIUBUZAISHIGONGRENSHIYONGSHENGCHANZILIAO,ERSHISHENGCHANZILIAOSHIYONGGONGREN,JIBUBIANZIBENXISHOUHUOLAODONG,SHIZHICONGSHUYUZIJIBINGFUWUYUZIBENZISHENDEZENGZHIYUNDONG。ZHEIJIUSHIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANDE “WUHUAXING”TEZHENG。RANER,ZAIMAKESIKANLAI,SUIZHELAODONGDUIZIBENDECONGSHUFANGSHIFASHENGJULIEDEBIANGE,TEBIESHIYOUYUTESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEFAZHAN,ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANDE “WUHUAXING”TEZHENGJIANGHUIBIANDEGENGJIAFUZAYUSHENMI。TAZHICHU: “BUJINZHEIXIEWU———ZHEIXIELAODONGCHANPIN,JIZUOWEISHIYONGJIAZHI,YOUZUOWEIJIAOHUANJIAZHI———QILAIFANDUIGONGREN,ZUOWEI ‘ZIBEN’TONGGONGRENXIANGDUILI,ERQIELAODONGDESHEHUIXINGSHIBIAOXIANWEIZIBENDEFAZHANXINGSHI,YINCI,ZHEIYANGFAZHANQILAIDESHEHUILAODONGSHENGCHANLIBIAOXIANWEIZIBENDESHENGCHANLI。ZUOWEIZHEIYANGDESHEHUILI,ZHEIXIEWUTONGLAODONGXIANGDUILIER ‘ZIBENHUA’。”①YEJIUSHISHUO,GONGRENZUOWEIKEBIANZIBENCANYUZIBENZHUYIDESHENGCHANGUOCHENG,TAJINJINSHI “SHEHUILAODONG”DEGOUCHENGYAOSU,RANERZHEIZHONG “SHEHUILAODONG”QUEBUSHUYUGONGREN。QIAQIAXIANGFAN,YIXIEZUO、FENGONG、JIQIDEYINGYONGDENGDENGWEIJICHUDE “SHEHUILAODONG”,ZHISHIBIAOXIANWEIZIBENBENSHENDEFAZHANXINGTAI,ZUOWEIBOXUESHENGYULAODONGDESHOUDUANTONGGONGRENXIANGDUILI。

                                棋牌大全下载安装   DISAN,“SHEHUILAODONG”DEZAISHENGCHANXING。SUIZHELAODONGDUIZIBENDEXINGSHICONGSHUFAZHANWEISHIJICONGSHU,ZIBENZHUYITIAOJIANXIADELAODONGGUOCHENGYUFABIAOXIANWEI “SHEHUILAODONG”,ZIBENDESHENGCHANLIYEYUFABIAOXIANWEILAODONGDESHEHUISHENGCHANLI。ZHEIYANGYILAI,YIFANGMIAN,ZIBENGAIZAOLESHENGCHANFANGSHI,YI “SHEHUILAODONG”WEIJICHUDETESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHICHUANGZAOCHUWUZHISHENGCHANDEXINXINGTAI; LINGYIFANGMIAN,YEZHENGSHIYI “SHEHUILAODONG”WEIJICHUDETESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIGOUCHENGLEZIBENGUANXIFAZHANDEXINJICHU。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,MAKESITONGGUODUIZIBENYUNDONGGUOCHENGDELISHIFASHENGXUEFENXI,JIESHILEGONGRENLAODONGYUZIBENDEZAISHENGCHANZHIJIANDEBIANZHENGGUANXI: “LAODONGBALAODONGDESHENGCHANTIAOJIANZUOWEIZIBENSHENGCHANCHULAI,ZIBENBALAODONGZUOWEISHIZIJIDANGZUOZIBENLAISHIXIANDESHOUDUAN,ZUOWEIGUYONGLAODONGSHENGCHANCHULAI。ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANBUJINSHIZHEIZHONGGUANXIDEZAISHENGCHAN,ERQIESHIZHEIZHONGGUANXIZAIRIYIZENGZHANGDEGUIMOSHANGDEZAISHENGCHAN; LAODONGDESHEHUISHENGCHANLISUIZHEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEFAZHANERFAZHAN,YUGONGRENXIANGDUILIDEYIJINGJILEIQILAIDECAIFUYEZUOWEITONGZHIGONGRENDECAIFU,ZUOWEIZIBEN,YITONGYANGDECHENGDUZENGZHANGQILAI,YUGONGRENXIANGDUILIDECAIFUSHIJIEYEZUOWEIYUGONGRENXIANGYIHUADEBINGTONGZHIZHEGONGRENDESHIJIEYITONGYANGDECHENGDUKUODAQILAI。”②YOUCIKANLAI,ZIBENGUANXIDEXINGTAISHIYULAODONGSHENGCHANLIDEYIDINGFAZHANCHENGDUXIANGSHIYINGDE; ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANBUJINSHISHENGYUJIAZHIDESHENGCHAN,ERQIESHITESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUANXIDESHENGCHANYUZAISHENGCHAN。“SHEHUILAODONG”ZUOWEIZIBENDEFAZHANXINGTAI,QISHENGCHANYUZAISHENGCHANSHIJISHANGZHISHIGONGRENZIJILAODONGDEYIHUASHIBIAOXIANJIEGUO。ZHENGSHIZAIZIBENGUANXIDESHENGCHANYUZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,“SHEHUILAODONG”DE “WUHUAXING”TEZHENGCAIZAIGUANGDUHESHENDUSHANGDEDAOJINYIBUQIANGHUA。

                                  DISI,“SHEHUILAODONG”DEMAODUNXING。RUGUOSHUOZAI 《1861—1863 NIANJINGJIXUESHOUGAO》ZHONGMAKESIZHUYAOSHICONGTESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDENEIBUXINGZHICHUFACHANMING “SHEHUILAODONG”DEDUILIXINGHEWUHUAXING,NEIMEZAIZHEILI,TAZESHIJIYUZIBENDESHENGCHANYUZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGJIESHICHU “SHEHUILAODONG”DENEIZAIMAODUNXING。MAKESIZHICHU,ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANSHITESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUANXIDESHENGCHANHEZAISHENGCHAN,“ZHEIZHONGGUANXIBUJINBEIZAISHENGCHANCHULAI,YIYUELAIYUEDADEGUIMOSHENGCHANCHULAI,BUJINJIZIJICHUANGZAOCHUGENGDUODEGONGREN,BUDUANDIXIJUANCONGQIANBUCONGSHUYUZIJIDESHENGCHANBUMEN,ERQIE,ZHENGXIANGXUSHUTESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHISHISUOBIAOMINGDENEIYANG,ZHEIZHONGGUANXISHIZAIDUIYUZIBENJIAZHEIYIFANGYUELAIYUEYOULI,ERDUIGUYONGGONGRENNEIYIFANGYUELAIYUEBULIDEQINGKUANGXIAZAISHENGCHANCHULAIDE”。RANERTEBIEYAOZHUYIDESHI,ZIBENGUANXIDESHENGCHANYUZAISHENGCHANSHIMAODUNXINGSHENGCHANGUANXIDESHENGCHANYUZAISHENGCHAN,ERBINGFEIXIANGXUDUOXIFANGXUEZHESUOSHUODENEIYANG,SHIZIBENBAQUANLUOJIDEDANXIANGDUBUZHANYUKUOZHANG。ZAIMAKESIKANLAI,SUIZHETESHUZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEFAZHAN,LAODONGDESHEHUISHENGCHANLITIXIANWEITONGGONGRENXIANGDUILIDEZIBENDESHENGCHANLI,“SHEHUILAODONG”WEIZIBENDUILAODONGDETONGZHITIGONGXIANSHITIAOJIAN; YUCITONGSHI, “SHEHUILAODONG”YOUWEIYIGEXINDESHENGCHANFANGSHI,JIYANGQIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIZHEIGEDUILIXINGSHIDEXINSHENGCHANFANGSHICHUANGZAOCHUXIANSHITIAOJIANHEWUZHIJICHU。①

                                棋牌大全下载安装   JIYUSHANGSHUFENXI,WOMENKEYIDECHUJIELUN: XIANSHIDEZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGBUJINJINSHIRENLEILISHIFAZHANZHONGSHIZHONGCUNZAIDE“YIBANLAODONG”GUOCHENG,ERQIESHIZIBENZHANYOU “ZIYOU”DELAODONGLISHANGPIN,JINERZHIHUIGONGRENSHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHIDE “GUYONGLAODONG”GUOCHENG,ZAIYI “GUYONGLAODONG”WEILISHITEZHENGDEZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGZHONG,GONGRENDELAODONGSHENGCHANLIBIAOXIANWEIZIBENDEZIXINGZENGZHIYUNDONG; JINYIBU,ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGYEBUJINJINSHILAOZIJIAOHUANDEYANSHENGUOCHENGYUGUYONGLAODONGDESHIXIANXINGSHI,ERQIESHINEIHANZHUDUOFUZAYAOSUDE “SHEHUILAODONG”GUOCHENG,ZAIYI “SHEHUILAODONG”WEIDIANXINGTEZHENGDEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIZHONG,SHEHUIDELAODONGSHENGCHANLIBIAOXIANWEI “ZIBENDESHENGCHANLI”。YUZHIXIANGYINGDEZIBENZHUYIPIPANLILUNYETONGYANGRUCI: RUGUOZHISHIZHANZAI“YIBANLAODONG”CENGMIAN,BAZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGDANGZUOYIBANLAODONGGUOCHENG,NEIMEWOMENJIUWUFABAWOZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGDESHEHUILISHIXING,ERQIEWANGWANGHUIJIANGQISHIWEIYURENLEIZIYOU、ZIJUEDELAODONGXIANGDUILIDEYIHUAXINGSHIJIAYICHIZE; RUGUOZHISHIZHANZAI“GUYONGLAODONG”DECENGMIANSHANG,BAZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANGUOCHENGJINJINKANZUOSHIZIBENXIAOFEILAODONGLISHANGPINDEGUOCHENG,NEIMEWOMENJIUZHINENGCONGSHENGYUJIAZHIBOXUEDEJIAODUPIPANLAOZIJIAOHUANDEBUGONGPINGXING。HUANYANZHI,MAKESIZAI 《ZIBENLUN》JIQISHOUGAOZHONGDUIZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEPIPANBUJINJINSHIDUIZIBENZHUYILAODONGGUOCHENGDEYIHUAXINGZHIDEPIPAN,ERQIESHIDUIZUOWEILISHIXINGSHENGCHANGUANXIDEZIBENZHUYIBENSHENDEPIPAN; BUJINJINSHIDUIZIBENJIABOXUEGONGRENSUOCHUANGZAODESHENGYUJIAZHIDEPIPAN,ERQIESHIDUIZUOWEITESHUDEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIBENSHENDEPIPAN。ZAIMAKESIKANLAI,“YIZHONGLISHISHENGCHANXINGSHIDEMAODUNDEFAZHAN,SHIZHEIZHONGXINGSHIWAJIEHEXINXINGSHIXINGCHENGDEWEIYIDELISHIDAOLU”,②WOMENZHIYOUZHANZAI “SHEHUILAODONG”DECENGMIANSHANG,ZHENZHENGLIJIEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEBENZHITEZHENG,CAINENGCONGZIBENBENSHENDENEIZAIMAODUNYUNDONGCHUFADUIQIJINXINGKEXUEDEJIESHIYUPIPAN。

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