棋牌大全下载安装

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                          • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 经济管理论文 > 新时期城乡融合建设的几点问题

                            新时期城乡融合建设的几点问题

                            时间:2019-03-03 12:09作者:许经勇
                            本文导读:这是一篇关于新时期城乡融合建设的几点问题的文章,党的十九大报告指出:“中国特色社会主义进入新时代, 我国社会主要矛盾已经转化为人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾。”城乡发展不平衡是最大的不平衡, 农村发展不充分是最大的不充分。

                              摘    要: 新时代, 我国社会主要矛盾已经转化为人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾。城乡发展不平衡是最大的不平衡, 农村发展不充分是最大的不充分。要从根本上解决这个矛盾必须重塑城乡关系, 走城乡融合发展道路。新型城镇化与乡村振兴是推进城乡融合发展的重要载体, 城乡融合发展体制机制是乡村振兴的制度保障。一直以来, 我国没有提城市化而提城镇化, 在一定程度上就是为了促进城乡融合。小城镇是实现城乡融合的战略支点。实施乡村振兴战略要深化财税体制改革, 健全投入保障机制, 加快形成财政优先保障, 使公共财政向“三农”倾斜。

                              关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 城乡融合发展; 新型城镇化; 乡村振兴战略; 公共财政体制;

                              DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHICHU:“ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRUXINSHIDAI, WOGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNYIJINGZHUANHUAWEIRENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAOHEBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENDEFAZHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN。”[1]CHENGXIANGFAZHANBUPINGHENGSHIZUIDADEBUPINGHENG, NONGCUNFAZHANBUCHONGFENSHIZUIDADEBUCHONGFEN。NEIME, RUHECONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUEZHEIGEWENTI?“BUNENGJIUNONGCUNLUNNONGCUN, ERYAOJINKOUCHENGXIANGGUANXIZHONGSU, DUICHENGXIANGGAIGEZUOCHUTONGCHOUMOUHUA, JIAKUAIGOUJIANCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANTIZHIJIZHIHEZHENGCETIXI”[2]。YEJIUSHISHUO, “ZHONGSUCHENGXIANGGUANXI, ZOUCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANZHILU”[2]。CONGTONGCHOUCHENGXIANGFAZHAN、TUIJINCHENGXIANGYITIHUADAOCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHAN, SHIYINSHILIDAO、LISHUNCHENGXIANGGUANXIDEZHANLVEJUECE。ZHIYOUQINGCHUZUAIYAOSUXIAXIANGDETIZHIXINGZHANGAI, CAINENGGAIBIANYAOSUYOUXIANGCUNXIANGCHENGSHIDANXIANGLIUDONG、CHENGXIANGCHABIEBUDUANKUODADEQUSHI, ZAIZHONGSUCHENGXIANGGUANXIDEJICHUSHANG, SHIXIANCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHAN, SUOXIAOCHENGXIANGCHABIE, “RANGNONGYECHENGWEIYOUBENTOUDECHANYE, RANGNONGMINCHENGWEIYOUXIYINLIDEZHIYE, RANGNONGCUNCHENGWEIANJULEYEDEMEILIJIAYUAN”[2], YIMANZUGUANGDANONGMINQUNZHONGDUIRIYIZENGZHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXUYAO。

                              一、城乡融合发展与新型城镇化、乡村振兴战略

                            棋牌大全下载安装   XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU:“YAOSHUNYINGCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANDAQUSHI, JIANCHIXINXINGCHENGZHENHUAHEXIANGCUNZHENXINGLIANGSHOUZHUA, QINGCHUZUAIYAOSUXIAXIANGGEZHONGZHANGAI, XIYINZIBEN、JISHU、RENCAIDENGYAOSUGENGDUOXIANGXIANGCUNLIUDONG, WEIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHURUXINDONGNENG。”[2]XIJINPINGTONGZHIZAIDANGDESHIBADASHANGTICHUXINXINGCHENGZHENHUA, ZAIDANGDESHIJIUDASHANGTICHUXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE, QIZHIDAOSIXIANGHENMINGQUE, JIZHIYOUBAERZHEYOUJIJIEHEQILAI, CAINENGSHIYINGCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANDEDAQUSHI。YITIGAOCHENGZHENHUAZHILIANGWEIHEXINDEXINXINGCHENGZHENHUA, SHIYICHENGXIANGTONGCHOU、CHENGXIANGYITI、CHANYEHUDONG、JIEYUEJIYUE、SHENGTAIYIJU、HEXIEFAZHANWEIJIBENTEZHENGDECHENGZHENHUA, SHIDAZHONGXIAOCHENGSHI、XIAOCHENGZHEN、XINXINGNONGCUNSHEQUXIEDIAOFAZHANHEXIANGHUCUJINDECHENGZHENHUA, SHIYAO“BACHENGZHENHEXIANGCUNGUANTONGQILAI”[2]。XIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEDEZONGFANGZHENSHIJIANCHINONGYENONGCUNYOUXIANFAZHAN, ZONGYAOQIUSHICHANYEXINGWANG、SHENGTAIYIJU、XIANGFENGWENMING、ZHILIYOUXIAO、SHENGHUOFUYU, ZONGMUBIAOSHIJIAKUAITUIJINNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUA, TIZHIJIZHIHEZHENGCETIXISHIJIANLIJIANQUANCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHAN。KEJIAN, XINXINGCHENGZHENHUAYUXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEDEJIBENJINGSHENSHIYIZHIDE, DOUSHIWEIRAORUHELISHUNCHENGSHIYUXIANGCUNDEGUANXI, ZOUCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANZHILU。RUGUOSHUOERZHEYOUQUBIEDEHUA, XINXINGCHENGZHENHUADEZHONGDIANSHIJIANCHIYIRENWEIBEN, TIGAOCHENGZHENHUAZHILIANG, ZHUJIANSUOXIAOCHANGZHURENKOUCHENGZHENHUALVYUHUJIRENKOUCHENGZHENHUALVDECHAJU, ZHUJIANSUOXIAOLIUDONGRENKOUYUHUJIRENKOUJIBENGONGGONGFUWUXUQIUFANGMIANDECHAJU, SHIRENDECHENGZHENHUAYUTUDICHENGZHENHUAXIANGXIEDIAO;ERXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEZESHIJIANGGONGZUOZHONGXINFANGZAINONGYENONGCUNZHEIGELINGYU, MINGQUETICHUYAOJIANCHINONGYENONGCUNYOUXIANFAZHAN, YINWEIXIANGDUIYUCHENGZHEN, NONGYENONGCUNDEFAZHANMINGXIANZHIHOU。JIANCHINONGYENONGCUNYOUXIANFAZHAN, JIUSHIWEILEGAIBIANZHANGQIYILAI“ZHONGGONGQINGNONG、ZHONGCHENGQINGXIANG”DESIWEIDINGSHI, XINGCHENG“GONGNONGHUCU、CHENGXIANGHUBU、QUANMIANRONGHE、GONGTONGFANRONG”DEXINXINGGONGNONGCHENGXIANGGUANXI, JIANLIXIANGNONGYENONGCUNQINGXIEDECHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANTIZHIJIZHI。CHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANTIZHIJIZHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGDEZHIDUBAOZHANG。

                            棋牌大全下载安装   XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU:“YAOBAXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEZHEIPIANDAWENZHANGZUOHAO, BIXUZOUCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANZHILU。”[2]DANGDESHILIUDAYILAI, WOGUOZAITONGCHOUCHENGXIANGFAZHANFANGMIANQUDELEXIANZHECHENGXIAO, DANCHENGXIANGYAOSUHELILIUDONGDETIZHIJIZHIHAIMEIYOUJIANLIQILAI, YAOSUBUPINGDENGJIAOHUANWENTIHAIBIJIAOTUCHU, NONGCUNTUDI、ZIJINTEBIESHIRENCAIHAIZAIDALIANGLIURUCHENGSHI, NONGYENONGCUN“SHIXUE”WENTIRENGRANXIANGDANGYANZHONG, XIANGCUNFAZHANQUEFAYAOSUZHICHENG。YOUCIJUEDINGLEJIANLIJIANQUANCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANTIZHIHEZHENGCETIXI, BIXUYIJIANLIGONGNONGHUCU、CHENGXIANGHUBU、QUANMIANRONGHE、GONGTONGFANRONGDEXINXINGGONGNONGCHENGXIANGGUANXIWEIFANGXIANG, YICUJINCHENGXIANGYAOSUZIYOULIUDONG、PINGDENGJIAOHUANHEGONGGONGZIYUANHELIPEIZHIWEIZHONGDIAN, WEINONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUATIGONGKEKAODEZHIDUBAOZHANG。YAOSHIXIANZHEIGEMUBIAO, BIXUBA“YOUXIAODESHICHANG”HE“YOUWEIDEZHENGFU”YOUJIJIEHEQILAI, JIYIFANGMIANFAHUISHICHANG“WUXINGZHISHOU”DEZUOYONG, TUIDONGCHENGXIANGYAOSUZIYOULIUDONGHEPINGDENGJIAOHUAN, DAIDONGXIANGCUNJINGJIDUOYUANHUAFAZHAN;LINGYIFANGMIANFAHUIZHENGFU“YOUXINGZHISHOU”DEZUOYONG, TUIDONGCHENGXIANGGONGGONGZIYUANHELIPEIZHI, CUJINCHENGXIANGJIBENGONGGONGFUWUPUHUIGONGXIANGHEJICHUSHESHIYITIHUAFAZHAN。ZHIYOUBALIANGZHEYOUJIJIEHEQILAI, CAINENGWEICHENGXIANGYAOSUSHUANGXIANGLIUDONGTEBIESHICHENGSHIYAOSURUXIANGTIGONGJICHUXINGZHICHENG, YIQUEBAONONGMINSHOURUCHIXUZENGZHANGHENONGCUNJINGJIQUANMIANFAZHAN, SHIXIANNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUA。

                              二、城乡融合发展与城市化道路选择

                              城乡融合发展和城市化道路是密切联系在一起的。作为一个历史范畴, 城市是晚于乡村而且是在乡村有了一定发展的基础上产生的。城市的产生和城市化的过程, 是不同的概念。据历史资料记载, 城市产生已有几千年历史, 但是到1800年城市人口只占世界总人口的3%左右。如此漫长的时间, 城市始终未能“化”起来。从1800年到现在, 城市化只用了200多年的时间便“化”起来了, 目前, 世界城市人口接近60%。城市化作为世界性的普遍现象起源于18世纪60年代的英国产业革命或工业革命。换句话说, 18世纪60年代的英国产业革命或工业革命, 是世界城市化发展的第一推动力。城市化与工业化是相辅相成的。新中国成立70年来, 前30年由于实行计划经济体制, 以及与其相联系的城乡分割的二元体制, 严格限制农村人口向城市转移, 城市化几乎处于停滞状态。20世纪70年代以后, 随着市场取向改革逐步推进, 包括人在内的农村要素开始向城镇流动, 流动的速度越来越快, 流动的规模越来越大, 流动的范围越来越广, 城市化速度也越来越快。2018年年底, 我国常住人口城镇化率达到59.58%, 比1949年提高了48.94个百分点。1978年年底, 全国只有193个城市, 2018年年底, 全国城市数量达到672个。从1978年到2018年我国城镇化率提高了40个百分点, 达到世界城市化的平均水平[8]。我国城市产生的过程一般表现为乡村—集镇—建制镇—城市依序演进。相对于乡村而言, 城市是一个庞大的人口密集的地域, 以二三产业为主体并与之相依存, 进行着先进的、现代的社会经济文化活动。总体而言, 城市异于乡村又优于乡村, 对乡村有着较强吸引力。与乡村聚落形态相比较, 城市更能满足人类不断增长的生存、发展和享受需要。从本质上说, 城市化的本质是变乡村社会为城市社会、变农民社会为市民社会的全过程。这个过程就是把整个世界都变成城市, 使全世界几乎所有人口都能享受现代先进的城市文明。这一过程是一个从量变到质变的自然历史过程。
                             

                            新时期城乡融合建设的几点问题
                             

                            棋牌大全下载安装   ZAIGAINIANSHANG, ZHANGQIYILAI, JIUJINGSHITICHENGSHIHUAHAISHITICHENGZHENHUA, ZAIGUONEILILUNJIEYIZHICUNZAIZHENGLUN。ERZAIGUOWAI, TEBIESHIFADAGUOJIA, ZEBUBATADANGCHENGYIGEWENTI。WEISHENMEWOGUOHUIBATAZUOWEIYIGEWENTIZHENGLUNBUXIUNI?QISHENCENGYUANYINZAIYUWOGUOZHANGQICUNZAIZHECHENGXIANGERYUANTIZHI, JINONGYEZHUANYIRENKOURONGRUCHENGSHISHEZHILETIZHIXINGZHANGAI, ERZHEIGETIZHIXINGZHANGAICHENGDUYOUSHIHECHENGSHIDEJIBIELIANXIZAIYIQIDE, JICHENGSHIDEJIBIEYUEGAO, ERYUANTIZHIDETIZHIXINGZHANGAIYUETUCHU, POCHUERYUANTIZHIDENANDUYUEDA。HUOZHESHUO, CHENGSHIJIBIEYUEDI, ERYUANTIZHIDETIZHIXINGZHANGAIYUEXIAO, NONGYEZHUANYIRENKOUYUERONGYIRONGRUCHENGSHI。YUQIXIANGLIANXI, BUTONGJIBIEDECHENGSHIZHONGNONGMINGONGDECHENGZHENLUOHUZHENGCEKUANYANBUYIYANG。DACHENGSHIHETEDACHENGSHIKONGZHIJIAOWEIYANGE, ZHONGXIAOCHENGSHIHEXIAOCHENGZHENZEQUANMIANFANGKAI。ZAICHUANTONGJIHUAJINGJITIZHIXIA, WOGUOBUTONGLEIBIEDECHENGSHIBEIFUYUGAODIBUYIDEXINGZHENGJIBIE, JIYOUZHENGBUJI (HUOSHENGJIDE) SHI、FUBUJI (HUOFUSHENGJI) SHI, YOUYOUDIJI (HUOTINGJI) SHI, HAIYOUXIANJI (HUOCHUJI) SHI, YIJIJIANZHIZHENHUOJIZHEN。ZHONGYANGCAIZHENGDUIBUTONGJIBIECHENGSHIDETOURULIDUYOUHENDADECHABIE。ZHEIDAOZHIJIBIEYUEGAODECHENGSHI, JUJIDERENKOUGUIMOYUEDA, RENKOUCHENGSHIHUACHENGBENYUEGAO, JINONGYEZHUANYIRENKOULUOHUCHENGSHIDECHENGBENYUEGAO。ZAITEDACHENGSHIHEDACHENGSHIJIUYE、SHENGHUODENONGMINGONGDEDUIWUXIANGDANGPANGDA, ERZHENZHENGZAICHENGSHILUOHUDEBIZHONGHENDI。NONGMINGONGBUJINSHIYIGEZHIYEGAINIAN, ERQIESHIYIGESHENFENGAINIAN, JINONGMINSUIRANJINCHENGLE, QUEMEIYOUNENGGOURONGRUCHENGSHI。NONGMINGONGSHICHENGXIANGERYUANTIZHIZAICHENGSHIDESUOYING。

                              ZHENDUIZHEIZHONGKEGUANCUNZAIDEZHUANGKUANG, XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU:“TUIJINCHENGZHENHUAYAOHUIGUIDAOTUIDONGGENGDUORENKOURONGRUCHENGZHENZHEIGEBENYUANSHANGLAI, CUJINYOUNENGLIZAICHENGZHENWENDINGJIUYEHESHENGHUODENONGYEZHUANYIRENKOUJUJIAJINCHENGLUOHU, ZHEIJIKEYIZENGJIAHEWENDINGLAODONGGONGJI、JIANQINGRENGONGCHENGBENSHANGZHANGYALI, YOUKEYIKUODAFANGDICHANDENGXIAOFEI。ZHEIYESHISUOXIAOCHENGXIANGCHAJU、GAIBIANCHENGXIANGERYUANJIEGOU、TUIJINNONGYEXIANDAIHUADEGENBENZHICE。”[2]WEILEJIAKUAINONGYEZHUANYIRENKOUSHIMINHUAJINCHENG, WOGUOTONGYISHEJILEJUZHUZHENGZHIDU, JIDUINEIBUFENCHENGZHENCHANGZHURENKOU, YONGJUZHUZHENGDAITIZANZHUZHENG, BINGXIANGDIFANGZHENGFUTICHUYAOQIU, CHIYOUJUZHUZHENGDENONGYEZHUANYIRENKOU, KEXIANGSHOUYUSHIMINTONGDENGDEJIBENGONGGONGFUWU。RANER, WENTIZAIYU, YAORANGNONGYEZHUANYIRENKOUYUSHIMINXIANGYOUTONGDENGJIBENGONGGONGFUWU, JIUBIXUYOUXIANGYINGDEGONGGONGCAIZHENGZHICHU。ZHEIBUFENZIJINCONGNALILAINI?DANGQIAN, WOGUODIFANGZHENGFUDECAIZHENGZIJILVZHIYOU55%ZUOYOU, QIYUDOUYAOKAOTUDISHIYONGQUANCHURANGSHOURULAIMIBU。ERSUIZHENONGCUNTUDIZHIDUGAIGEDESHENRU, ZHENGDIFANWEIMINGXIANSUOXIAO, BUCHANGBIAOZHUNMINGXIANTIGAO, YIJIYUNXUNONGCUNTUDIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIPINGDENGRUSHI, DIFANGZHENGFU“TUDICAIZHENG”SHOURUJIANGHUIJIAODAFUDUXIAJIANG。SUOYOUZHEIXIEDOUHUIYANZHONGZHIYUEDIFANGZHENGFUJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEHEJIBENGONGGONGFUWUDETOURU。YINCI, XIANGCHENGZHENCHANGZHURENKOUBANFAJUZHUZHENG, CHENGNUOYUSHIMINXIANGSHOUTONGDENGJIBENGONGGONGFUWU, JUZHUZHENGDE“HANJINLIANG”YAODADAZHEKOU。YUCITONGSHI, SHIXINGJUZHUZHENGZHIDUBINGBUYIDINGYOULIYUCUJINNONGYEZHUANYIRENKOUZAICHENGZHENANJIALUOHU。JIRANCHANGZHURENKOUKEYIYUPUTONGSHIMINXIANGSHOUTONGDENGJIBENGONGGONGFUWU, LUOHUHUOBULUOHUJIUMEIYOUDUODACHABIE。BULUOHUJIKEJINYOUKETUI, “HELEERBUWEI”。HUJIZHIDUSHIYOUYIXILIEZIZHIDUZUHEERCHENGDE, TASHEJICAIZHENGZHIDU、TUDIZHIDU、JIAOYUZHIDU、YILIAOWEISHENGZHIDU、ZHUFANGZHIDUYIJIQITABAOXIANZHIDUDEGAIGE。ZHEIYIGENBENZHIDUGAIGE, SHILIYIJIEGOUDEZHONGDADIAOZHENG, JICHENGXIANGLIYIJIEGOU、NONGMINYUSHIMINDELIYIJIEGOU、NONGMINGONGYUSHIMINDELIYIJIEGOU、ZHONGYANGYUDIFANGDELIYIJIEGOUDENG。WULUNNAZHONGLIYIJIEGOU, YIDANQUELIJIUJUYOUGANGXING, WULUNNAYIFANGMIANDELIYIDOUBUNENGSHOUDAOSUNHAI, ERYAOTUPOTADEZULISHIXIANGDANGDADE。XUYAOTEBIEZHICHUDESHI, CHENGZHENJIBIEYUEGAO, RENKOUGUIMOYUEDADECHENGSHI, LUOHUDECHENGBENYUEGAO。YIZHUFANGWEILI, CHUANTONGDECAIZHENGZHUANYIZHIFUHECHENGSHIJIANSHEYONGDIZHIBIAO, DOUSHIYIHUJIRENKOUWEIJISHU, ERBUSHIYICHANGZHURENKOUWEIJISHU。ZHEIDAOZHICHENGSHIJIBIEYUEGAO、RENKOUJIJUGUIMOYUEDADECHENGSHI, ZHUFANG、JIUYI、RUXUEYUENANYUEGUI。ZHEIYESHIDEWOGUOHUJIZHIDUGAIGEDECHENGBEN, SUIZHECHENGZHENJIBIEGAODIYIXUDIJIAN, JIJIBIEYUEDIDECHENGSHI, GAIGEDECHENGBENYUEDI, CHENGXIANGRONGHEDESUDUYUEKUAI。

                              SHIJIANJINGYANGAOSUWOMEN, YAOYOUXIAOCUJINCHENGXIANGXIEDIAOFAZHANHUOCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHAN, JIUBIXUZAIFAZHANDAZHONGXIAOCHENGSHIDETONGSHI, ZHONGSHIXIAOCHENGZHENDEJIANSHEYUFAZHAN。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU:“WOMENYIKAISHIJIUMEIYOUTICHENGSHIHUA, ERSHITICHENGZHENHUA, MUDEJIUSHICUJINCHENGXIANGRONGHE。”[2]BA“CHENGSHIHUA”GAIWEI“CHENGZHENHUA”, ZHIYOUYIZIZHICHA, WEIDESHITUCHUXIAOCHENGZHENDEDIWEIHEZUOYONG, YISHIYINGNONGYENONGCUNFENHUADEYAOQIU。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI, TEBIESHI21SHIJIYILAI, WOGUONONGYENONGCUNZHENGZAIFASHENGSHENKEDEBIANHUA, JUTIBIAOXIANZAIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:YISHICHANYEFENHUA, JIYOUCHUANTONGZHONGZHIYEHESIYANGYEXIANGCHANQIAN、CHANZHONG、CHANHOUDENGCHANYEBUMENYANBIAN;ERSHIJINGYINGFANGSHIFENHUA, YOUCHUANTONGSHENGCHANCHUJICHANPINWEIZHU, XIANGCHANJIAXIAO、MAOGONGNONGYITIHUAYANBIAN;SANSHIJIUYEFANGSHIFENHUA, YOUCHUANTONGNONGYECHANZHONGJIUYEXIANGCHANQIAN、CHANHOUYANSHENYIJIFEINONGCHANYEYANBIAN;SISHISHOURULAIYUANFENHUA, YOUYUANLAIYIKAOZHONGYANGYESHOURUXIANGWUGONG、JINGSHANGDENGDUOYUANSHOURUYANBIAN。YULAODONGLIJIUDIZHUANYIMOSHIXIANGLIANXIDESHINONGCUNGONGYEHUA, TADAPOLECHUANTONGDECHENGSHIGAOGONGSHANGYE、NONGCUNGAONONGYEDEERYUANJINGJIJIEGOU, JIZAICHUANTONGDECHENGSHIGONGYEHUAZHIWAI, CHANSHENGYIGEXINDEGONGYEHUA, JINONGCUNGONGYEHUA。YUCHENGSHIGONGYEBUTONG, NONGCUNGONGYESHIYIKAONONGMINDELILIANGFAZHANQILAIDE, DUINONGCUNCHANYEJIEGOUHEJIUYEJIEGOUYOUZHEHENQIANGDEFUSHEXINGHEDAIDONGXING。YUCHENGSHIGONGYEBUTONG, NONGCUNGONGYEHENONGYEYOUZHETIANRANXUEYUANGUANXI, YUNONGYEDEGUANLIANDUHENDA, SHENZHISHINONGYECHANYELIANDEYANSHEN。DANGNONGCUNGONGYEFAZHANDAOYIDINGCHENGDUSHI, BIRANXIANGNONGCUNGONGYEYUANQUYIJIXIAOCHENGZHENJIZHONG, BINGDAIDONGNONGCUNRENKOUXIANGCHENGZHENJIZHONG。NONGCUNERSANCHANYEZHISUOYIHUIXIANGXIAOCHENGZHENJIZHONG, SHIYINWEIZHEIZHONGJIZHONGJIKEYIHUODEJIJUJINGJIXIAOYIYUGUIMOJINGJIXIAOYI, YOUKEYISUOXIAOJINGJIHUODONGKONGJIANYIJISHICHANGYUGUKEZHIJIANDEJULI, SHISHENGCHANZHENENGGOUXUNSU、ZHUNQUEDIHUODESHICHANGXINXI, TIGAOJINGYINGHUODONGDELINGHUOXINGHEZHUDONGXING。CIWAI, NONGCUNERSANCHANYEJIZHONGYUXIAOCHENGZHEN, HAIYOULIYUXINGCHENGDUICHANYEFAZHANSUOXUYAODEFUZHUXINGCHANYEYUGONGGONGFUWUXINGSHIYE, CONGERXINGCHENGBIJIAOWANZHENGDESHEHUIJICHUJIEGOU。SUOYOUZHEIXIEDOUJIANGGOUCHENGLIANGHAODEQIYEJINGYINGHUANJING, JIANGDIQIYEJINGYINGFEIYONG, TIGAOQIYEJINGYINGXIAOYI。ZHEIGEGUOCHENGSHIZIRANLISHIGUOCHENG, “SHUIDAOQUCHENG, GUASHUDILUO”。YINWEIXIAOCHENGZHENDEFAZHANJIANLIZAINONGCUNFAZHANDEJICHUSHANG, TONGSHI, XIAOCHENGZHENDEFAZHANYOUHUIDAIDONGNONGCUNDEFAZHAN。

                              1995NIANYIQIAN, WOGUODECHENGXIANGCHABIEZHISUOYIBUNEIMEXUANSHU, ZHUYAOYUANYINSHIZHEIGESHIQIDECHENGSHIHUAZHUYAOSHIYOUXIANGZHENJINGJIDAIDONGXIAOCHENGZHENFAZHAN;1995NIANYILAI, WOGUODECHENGXIANGCHABIEZHISUOYIBUDUANKUODA, ZHUYAOYUANYINSHIZHEIGESHIQIDECHENGSHIHUAZHUYAOSHIYOUDACHENGSHIHETEDACHENGSHIYIJIYUQIXIANGLIANXIDEDADOUSHIQUANDAIDONGDE。SHIJIANJINGYANGAOSUWOMEN, CHENGSHIDUINONGCUNDEFUSHEDAIDONG, ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGSHITONGGUOXIAOCHENGZHENZHEIGEZAITI。XIAOCHENGZHENSHITUIJINCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANDEZHANLVEZHIDIAN。JIEZHI2018NIANNIANDI, WOGUOXIANJISHI、XIANJIKONGJIANXIANGDUIDULIDESHIXIAQU、JUBEIJIANSHITIAOJIANDEZHEN, ZHIJIEYINGXIANGFUSHEQUYUZHANGUOTUMIANJIDE97.3%, QIRENKOUZHANZONGRENKOUDE84.66%[11]。ZHEJIANGSHENGLONGGANGSHIDEFAZHANLICHENG, JIUSHIYIGESHENGDONGDELIZI。LONGGANGZHENBEIRENMENCHENGWEIQUANGUOSHOUGE“NONGMINCHENG”, JIYIKAONONGMINZIJIDELILIANGFAZHANQILAIDECHENGZHEN。ZAOZAI1984NIAN, LONGGANGZHENGENJUZHONGYANGWENJIANDEJINGSHEN, YUNXUNONGMINZIDAIKOULIANGDAOCHENGZHENLUOHU, BINGLVXIANXIANGNONGMINKAIFANGTUDIYOUCHANGSHIYONG。2019NIAN8YUE, LONGGANGZHENZHENGSHICHEZHENJIANSHI, SHELIXIANJILONGGANGSHI, SHIWOGUOXINXINGCHENGZHENHUAJIANSHEYILAISHOUGESHIXIANGAISHIDETEDAZHEN。LONGGANGZHENZICONG1984NIANJIANZHIZHENYILAI, CHENGQUMIANJICONG5.2PINGFANGGONGLIKUODAZHI183.99PINGFANGGONGLI, RENKOUCONG5000DUORENZENGJIAZHI38.2WANREN, 2018NIANDEDIQUSHENGCHANZONGZHIDADAO299.5YIYUAN[12]。YOUYUTASHINONGMINZIFEIJIANSHEDECHENGSHI, BUJINLUOHUMENJIANDI, LUOHUCHENGBENYEDI。LONGGANGSHIZOUDEJIUSHICHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANDEDAOLU, YEKEYISHUOSHIJIUDICHENGZHENHUA。YIFAZHANXIAOCHENGZHENWEITUJINGDEJIUDICHENGZHENHUA, SHIYUFAZHANXIANYUJINGJILIANXIZAIYIQIDE。YUYIBANYIYIDECHENGSHIJINGJIYUNONGCUNJINGJIBUTONG, XIANYUJINGJISHICHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANDEQUYUJINGJI。XIANYUJINGJIDEFAZHANGUOCHENG, JIUSHICHENGXIANGJINGJIRONGHEFAZHANDEGUOCHENG。NONGYECHANYEHUA、NONGCUNGONGYEHUAHECHENGZHENHUA (FAZHANXIAOCHENGZHEN) , SHIXIANYUJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOTUIDONGLILIANG。QIJITUIDONGLEXIANCHENGHEZHONGXINZHENDEFAZHAN, YECUJINLECHANYEJIJU、RENKOUJIJUHENONGMINFENGONGFENYE, XINGCHENGLEYICHENGDAIXIANG、YIGONGCUNONG、GONGNONGLIANDONG、CHENGXIANGHUDONGDEXINJIZHI, ZENGQIANGLECHENGZHENDUIXIANYUJINGJIFAZHANDEZHICHENGZUOYONGHEDUINONGCUNFAZHANDEFUSHEDAIDONGZUOYONG, WEINONGMINTIGONGLEGENGDUODECHUANGYEMENLUHEJIUYEJIHUI, CUJINNONGMINSHOURUDECHIXUKUAISUZENGZHANG。ZHEJIANGSHENGNONGCUNJUMINRENJUNNIANCHUNSHOURUZHISUOYIZHANGQIGAOYUGUANGDONGSHENG, CHENGXIANGJUMINSHOURUCHABIEZHISUOYIZHANGQIXIAOYUGUANGDONGSHENG, YIGEHENZHONGYAODEYUANYINJIUSHIZHEJIANGSHENGDEXIANYUJINGJIBIGUANGDONGSHENGFADADEDUO。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI, ZHEJIANGSHENGSHIZHONGJIANCHIQIANGSHENGBIXUXIANQIANGXIANDEZHANLVESIXIANG, BINGBAFAZHANXIANYUJINGJIZUOWEICUJINCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANDEQIERUDIAN。ZAIZHEJIANGSHENGJINGJIZONGLIANGZHONGXIANYUJINGJIZHANLE70%。2018NIANNIANDI, ZHEJIANGSHENGDECHENGZHENHUALVDADAO68.9%, BIQUANGUOCHENGZHENHUALV59.58%GAOLEJIN10GEBAIFENDIAN[13]。

                              三、城乡融合发展与创建公共财政体制

                            棋牌大全下载安装   CONGTONGCHOUCHENGXIANGFAZHANDAOCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHAN, ZHENGFUYUSHICHANGGEZIFAHUIDEZUOYONGSHIYOUCHABIEDE。TONGCHOUCHENGXIANGFAZHANYIWEIZHEQIZHUDAOZUOYONGDESHIZHENGFU。ZHEIGEJIEDUANDEJINGJITIZHI, HAIBUSHIWANQUANDESHICHANGJINGJITIZHI, ERSHIZHENGFUZHUDAOXINGDESHICHANGJINGJITIZHI, ZHENGFUHAIKONGZHIZHEHENDAYIBUFENZIYUANDEPEIZHIQUAN。DANGDESHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUIZAILILUNSHANGDEYIGEZHONGYAOTUPO, JIUSHIQUEDINGSHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGDEJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG, CONG“JICHUXING”ZHUANBIANWEI“JUEDINGXING”, TICHUYAOBASHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGQIJUEDINGXINGZUOYONGHEGENGHAOFAHUIZHENGFUDEZUOYONGYOUJIJIEHEQILAI, ZHENGQUECHULIZHENGFUYUSHICHANGDEGUANXI。YIFANGMIANYAOTONGGUOSHENHUASHICHANGQUXIANGGAIGE, FAYUYAOSUSHICHANG, CHONGFENFAHUISHICHANG“WUXINGZHISHOU”DEZUOYONG, SHIXIANCHENGXIANGYAOSUZIYOULIUDONGHEPINGDENGJIAOHUAN, CUJINXIANGCUNYIERSANCHANYERONGHEFAZHAN。SUIRANSHICHANGDEPEIZHIXIAOLVHENGAO, DANYINWEICUNZAISHICHANGSHILINGHESHICHANGQUEXIAN, ZHEIJIUBIRANYAOQIUZHENGFUFAHUIZUOYONG。LINGYIFANGMIANYAOHELIFAHUIZHENGFU“YOUXINGZHISHOU”DEZUOYONG, TUIDONGCHENGXIANGGONGGONGZIYUANHELIPEIZHI, CUJINCHENGXIANGJIBENGONGGONGFUWUPUHUIGONGXIANGHEJICHUSHESHIYITIHUAFAZHAN, WEICHENGXIANGYAOSUZIYOULIUDONGYOUQISHIYAOSURUXIANGTIGONGJICHUXINGZHICHENG。ZHENGFUDEZUOYONGZAIXIANGDANGCHENGDUSHANGSHITONGGUOJIANLIGONGGONGCAIZHENGLAISHIXIANDE。GONGGONGCAIZHENGBUJINYAOJIAOZHENGSHICHANGSHILING, TONGSHIHAIYAOPEIYUSHICHANG, MIBUSHICHANGCANQUE, JIANLIWANSHANDESHICHANGTIXI。BUJINYAOZAIFENPEILINGYUTONGGUOJINGJIDEFALVDESHOUDUANDIAOJIESHOURUFENPEI, JIEJUEFENPEIBUGONGDEWENTI, HAIYAOZAISHENGCHANLINGYUJIADADUIJICHUCHANYEHEJICHUSHESHIDETOURU, YIJIJIADADUIJIBENGONGGONGFUWULINGYUDETOURU。YINWEIJICHUSHESHIHEJIBENGONGGONGFUWUZAIXIANGDANGCHENGDUSHANGJUYOUGONGGONGCHANPINXINGZHI, CUNZAIZHE“SHICHANGSHILING”HUO“SHICHANGQUEXIAN”。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU:“XIANJIEDUAN, CHENGXIANGCHAJUDAZUIZHIGUANDESHIJICHUSHESHIHEGONGGONGFUWUCHAJUDA。”[2]“YAOJIANQUANTOURUBAOZHANGZHIDU, CHUANGXINTOURONGZIJIZHI, TUOKUANZIJINCHOUJIQUDAO, JIAKUAIXINGCHENGCAIZHENGYOUXIANBAOZHANG、JINRONGZHONGDIANQINGXIE、SHEHUIJIJICANYUDEDUOYUANTOURUGEJU。GONGGONGCAIZHENGYAOXIANG‘SANNONG’QINGXIE, ZHUBUJIEJUEQIANZHANGJIAODUODEWENTI”[2]。ZHENGFUZHIYOUTONGGUOGONGGONGCAIZHENGJIADADUIJICHUSHESHIHEJIBENGONGGONGFUWUDETOURU, BUDUANSUOXIAOCHENGXIANGCHAJU, CAIYOULIYUTONGGUOSHICHANGDIAOJIEZUOYONG, YINDAOZIYUANCONGCHENGSHIXIANGNONGCUNLIUDONG, BIANCHENGXIANGZHIJIANDEDANXIANGLIUDONGWEISHUANGXIANGLIUDONG, CUJINCHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHAN。

                              ZHEIJIUSHEJIWOGUOCAISHUITIZHIGAIGEDEWENTI。YUGAODUJIZHONGDEJIHUAJINGJITIZHIXIANGLIANXIDEWOGUOCHUANTONGCAIZHENGTIZHIKEYIGAIKUOWEIYIXIASANGETEDIAN:YISHIGUOYOUZHICAIZHENG, WULUNSHICAIZHENGSHOURUHUOCAIZHENGZHICHU, ZHUYAOSHIMIANXIANGGUOYOUBUMEN, HUOYIGUOYOUBUMENWEIZHU;ERSHICHENGSHICAIZHENG, JICAIZHENGSHOURUHECAIZHENGZHICHUZHUYAOZAICHENGSHIQUYUWANCHENG;SANSHISHENGCHANJIANSHECAIZHENG, JICAIZHENGZHICHUZHUYAOWEIRAOSHENGCHANJIANSHEJINXING。ZHEIZHONGCAIZHENGTIZHIYUCHENGXIANGERYUANJINGJISHEHUITIZHIXIANGSHIYING, ZHONGCHENGSHI、QINGNONGCUN, QUEBULIYUGAIBIANNONGCUNDELUOHOUMIANMAO。CIWAI, SUIZHESHICHANGQUXIANGGAIGEDESHENRU, DUOZHONGSUOYOUZHIJINGJIDEDAOXUNSUFAZHAN, CHUANTONGCAISHUITIZHIDEBUSHIYINGXINGYUELAIYUECHONGFENDIBAOLUCHULAI。WEILESHIYINGSHICHANGJINGJIFAZHANDEYAOQIU, 1994NIANWOGUOSHIXINGFENSHUIZHIGAIGE。YUDABAOGANBUTONG, SHIXINGFENSHUIZHIJIYOULIYUFAHUIZHONGYANGHEDIFANGLIANGGEJIJIXING, HELIDIAOJIEDIFANGJIANDECAILICHAYI, YOUNENGJIANCHITONGYIYUFENJIGUANLIXIANGJIEHEYUANZE, ZHEISHISHICHANGJINGJIGUOJIAPUBIANSHIXINGDECAIZHENGZHIDU。ZAIMINGQUEHUAFENZHONGYANGYUDIFANGGEZISHIQUANDEJICHUSHANG, GENJUCAIQUANYUSHIQUANXIANGTONGYIYUANZE, MINGQUEZHONGYANGYUDIFANGDESHOURUFANWEI, HUAFENZHONGYANGSHUIHEDIFANGSHUIYIJIZHONGYANGYUDIFANGGONGXIANGSHUI, BINGJIANLIZHONGYANGDUIDIFANGDESHUISHOUFANHAIHEZHUANYIZHIFUZHIDU。FENSHUIZHIGAIGEDEYIGEMUDE, JIUSHIZHONGYANGZHENGFUTONGGUOZHONGYANGSHUIHEGONGXIANGSHUIDEZHENGSHOU, ZHIPEIGUOJIACAILIDEZHUYAOBUFEN, ERHOUTONGGUOZHUANYIZHIFUDENGXINGSHITIGAODUIDIFANGDEDIAOKONGNENGLI, SHIZHONGYANGCAIZHENGSHOURUBIZHONGHUODEDAFUDUTIGAO, DIFANGCAIZHENGSHOURUDEBIZHONGZEXIANGYINGJIANGDI, DANYOUYUGAIGEMEIYOUJISHIDAOWEI, ZHICHUBILISHIZHONGMEIYOUXIANGYINGDIAOZHENG。SUIRANZHUANYIZHIFUFAHUILEYIDINGZUOYONG, DANYEWEINENGHUANJIEZHEIGEMAODUN。WOGUOCAIZHENGTIZHIZHONGDECAIQUANHESHIQUANHUAFENSUODAILAIDEYIGETUCHUWENTI, JIUSHIYANZHONGYINGXIANGGONGGONGCHANPINDEYOUXIAOGONGJIJIQIJILIJIZHIDECHONGFENFAHUI。YOUYUGONGGONGCHANPINGONGJIMEIYOUXINGCHENGLIANGXINGJIZHI, SHIDEJICENGZHENGFUZAICAIQUANBUPIPEIQINGKUANGXIA, TIGONGJICHUXINGGONGGONGCHANPINDENENGLIJIAOWEICUIRUO, JIBENSHANGSHIKAOSHANGJIZHENGFUDEXINGZHENGMINGLING、YINGXINGZHIBIAOHEZHENGJIKAOHEDENGFANGSHILAIWANCHENG, ZHEIYESHIDEDIFANGGONGGONGCHANPINGONGJIQUEFAZHIDUHUADEBAOZHANG。GONGGONGCHANPINJIUQIXINGZHIKEHUAFENWEIRUANGONGGONGCHANPINHEYINGGONGGONGCHANPIN, YOUYUYINGGONGGONGCHANPINTOUZIGENGYOULIYUJINGJIZENGZHANG, DIFANGZHENGFUBIRANHUIGENGPIANHAOYURUJICHUSHESHILEIDEYINGGONGGONGCHANPINTOUZI, WANGWANGCHUXIANYINGGONGGONGCHANPINGONGJIGUOSHENG、RUANGONGGONGCHANPINGONGJIBUZUDEZHUANGKUANG。

                              WOGUOCAISHUITIZHIGAIGEDEZOUXIANG, SHICONGYIWANGDEGUOYOUCAIZHENG、CHENGSHICAIZHENG、SHENGCHANJIANSHECAIZHENGXIANGDUOZHONGSUOYOUZHICAIZHENG、CHENGXIANGYITIHUACAIZHENGYIJIGONGGONGFUWUCAIZHENGZHUANBIAN, ZHEIZHONGZHUANBIANSHIYINGGAODUJIZHONGDEJIHUAJINGJITIZHIXIANGSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIZHUANGUI。GOUJIANBINGWANSHANYUSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIXIANGSHIYINGDEGONGGONGCAIZHENGTIZHI, CONGDANYIDECHENGSHICAIZHENGXIANGCHENGXIANGYITIHUACAIZHENGYIJIGONGGONGCAIZHENGZHUANBIAN, SHIYUZHENGFUZHINENGDEZHUANBIANMIQIELIANXIZAIYIQIDE。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI, WOGUOZHENGFUCHENGDANZHEFANZHONGDEJINGJIJIANSHERENWU, ZHIJINRENGRANBAJINGJIZENGZHANG、CAIZHENGSHOURUZUOWEIKAOHELINGDAOGANBUZHENGJIDEZHONGYAOZHIBIAOZHIYI。JINGJIJIANSHEXINGDEZHENGFUDUITUIDONGGAIGEYUFAZHANFAHUILEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI, WOGUOJINGJIZHISUOYINENGGOUQUDEFEISUDEFAZHAN, SHIYUFAHUIZHENGFUZHEIZHI“YOUXINGZHISHOU”DEZUOYONGFENBUKAIDE。DANQIFUMIANXIAOYINGSHI, DAOZHIZHENGFUGONGGONGFUWUZHINENGQUESHI, CONGERBULIYUSUOXIAOCHENGXIANGCHABIE。YUGONGYECHENGSHIXIANGBI, NONGYENONGCUNJUYOUXIANMINGDEGONGGONGCHANPINSHUXING, JUYOUBAOGONGJI、BAOSHOURU、BAOWENDING、BAOSHENGTAIDETESHUGONGNENG, WAIBUXINGHEGONGGONGXINGCHENGDUHENGAO。ZHENGFUGONGGONGFUWUZHINENGQUESHI, SHIDAOZHINONGCUNGONGGONGCHANPINTOURUBUZU、CHENGXIANGCHABIEHENDADEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。ZHIYOUZHENGFUQUELILEZIJIZAIGONGGONGCHANPINHEGONGGONGFUWUGONGJIZHONGDEZHUTIDIWEI, CAINENGWEIBAOKUONONGMINZAINEIDEQUANTISHEHUICHENGYUANTIGONGJUNDENGHUADEJIBENGONGGONGFUWU, CONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUENONGCUNGONGGONGCHANPINHEGONGGONGFUWUGONGJIDUANQUEDEMAODUN。

                              参考文献

                              [1] 习近平.决胜全面建成小康社会夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利:在中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会上的报告[Z].北京:人民出版社, 2017:11.
                              [2][3][4][5][6][7][9][10][14][15]习近平关于“三农”工作论述摘编[M].北京:中央文献出版社, 2019:16、38、15、38、31、45、36、45、40、17.
                              [8] 国家统计局城市司.城镇化水平不断提升城市发展阔步前进:新中国成立70周年经济社会发展成就系列报告之十七[EB/OL].http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/zxfb/201908/t20190815_1691416.html.
                              [11]中国中小城市高质量发展指数研究课题组, 等.2019年中国中小城市高质量发展指数研究成果发布[N].人民日报, 2018-10-08.
                              [12] 杨凡.龙港市正式挂牌成立[EB/OL].http://www.wzrb.com.cn/article970642show.html.
                            棋牌大全下载安装   [13] 浙江省统计局, 国家统计局浙江调查总队.2018年浙江省国民经济和社会发展统计公报[EB/OL].http://tjj.zj.gov.cn/art/2019/2/28/art_1525568_30567532.html.

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