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      1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 经济管理论文 > 宏观经济管理下区域经济协调发展方式

        宏观经济管理下区域经济协调发展方式

        时间:2019-03-16 13:35作者:秦智霞
        本文导读:这是一篇关于宏观经济管理下区域经济协调发展方式的文章,宏观调控是经济学家凯恩斯所提出的一项经济理论,也是我国目前经济管理的重要手段。在我国社会主义市场经济发展过程中,通过合理应用宏观调控手段,也有利于解决区域经济之间发展不平衡的问题,实现区域经济的协调发

          摘    要: 在我国区域经济发展中,由于我国地域跨度大、各地区在资源、历史文化、科技水平等方面具有较大差异,因此在区域经济发展方面,各地区长期以来存在较大的差异。而宏观调控作为经济管理的一种有效手段,有利于解决区域经济之间发展不平衡的问题,促进区域经济协调发展。鉴于此,本文对我国区域经济发展现状及发展趋势进行简单概述,分析宏观经济管理下区域经济协调发展方式,以期为相关研究人员提供参考。

          关键词:棋牌大全下载安装 区域经济; 宏观经济; 协调发展;

        棋牌大全下载安装   HONGGUANDIAOKONGSHIJINGJIXUEJIAKAIENSISUOTICHUDEYIXIANGJINGJILILUN,YESHIWOGUOMUQIANJINGJIGUANLIDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。ZAIWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUOHELIYINGYONGHONGGUANDIAOKONGSHOUDUAN,YEYOULIYUJIEJUEQUYUJINGJIZHIJIANFAZHANBUPINGHENGDEWENTI,SHIXIANQUYUJINGJIDEXIEDIAOFAZHAN。

          一、我国区域经济发展现状及发展趋势

          (一)我国区域经济发展现状。

          ZAIWOGUOQUYUJINGJIDEFAZHANZHONG,YOUYUWOGUODIYUKUADUDA,GEDIQUZAIZIYUAN、LISHIWENHUA、KEJISHUIPINGDENGFANGMIANJUYOUJIAODACHAYI,YINCIZAIQUYUJINGJIFAZHANFANGMIAN,GEDIQUZHANGQIYILAICUNZAIJIAODADEQUYUJINGJIFAZHANCHAYI。LIRU,DUIYUZHANGSANJIAO、ZHUSANJIAOLAISHUO,YOUYUQICHUYUYANHAIDIQU,JUBEIHAIYUNYOUSHI,YINCISHANGSHUDIQUTONGGUOHAIYUNSHIXIANLEJINGJIDEKUAISUFAZHAN。ERNEILUDIQUYOUYUBUJUBEICIZHONGYOUSHI,JINGJIFAZHANSUDUXIANGDUIJIAOMAN。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,WOGUOXINGCHENGLEZHANGSANJIAO、ZHUSANJIAOYUJINGJINJISANGEJINGJIQU,TONGSHIYEZAOCHENGWOGUODONGXIBUDIQUDEJINGJIFAZHANSHUIPINGCHUXIANLEJIAODACHAYI。WEILESHIXIANGEDIQUJINGJIDEXIEDIAOFAZHAN,WOGUO2005NIANSHILIUJIEWUZHONGQUANHUITICHULE“QUYUXIEDIAOFAZHANZHANLVE”,ZAIBAOCHIDONGBUKUAISUZENGZHANGDETONGSHI,JIJIFAZHANZHONGXIBUYUDONGBEIDIQUJINGJI,SUOXIAODIQUCHAJU,SHIXIANQUYUXIEDIAOFAZHAN。MUQIAN,WOGUOZHONGXIBUDIQUJINGJIYECHENGXIANCHULIANGHAOFAZHANQUSHI。

          (二)我国区域经济发展趋势。

          ZAIWOGUOQUYUJINGJIDEFAZHANQUSHIFENXISHANG,YINGZHONGDIANKAOLVYIXIALIANGGEFANGMIANYINSU:YISHIGUONEIFANGMIAN;ERSHIGUOJIFANGMIAN。GUONEIFANGMIANYINSUZHUYAOBAOKUOWOGUOGUOTUZIYUANYINSU;GUOJIFANGMIANZHUYAOSHIWOGUOYUZHOUBIANQITAGUOJIADEHEZUO,BIRUJUBAN“‘YIDAIYILU’GUOJIGAOFENGLUNTAN”HE“BOAOLUNTAN”DENG。GUONEIYINSUYUGUOJIYINSUDUIYUWOGUOQUYUJINGJIDEFAZHANDOUJUYOUZHONGYAOYINGXIANG。

          目前,在我国区域经济发展过程中,如果区域经济发展不协调,会对市场经济的发展造成不利影响。由于目前我国东部、中部与西部经济发展不平衡的现象,会在一定程度上阻碍区域经济的协调发展。在我国经济建设初期实施计划经济,资源配置上主要依靠政府干预,此方式的优势在于具备较强的抗风险能力,并能有效解决区域经济发展不均衡的现象。但同时也存在明显的问题,该模式下企业难以实现自由发展,不利于市场调控能力的发挥。而在当前的经济全球化以及我国区域经济发展差异逐渐增大的趋势下,政府部门还应充分重视宏观调控在市场经济发展中的重要作用,促进区域经济实现协调发展。
         

        宏观经济管理下区域经济协调发展方式
         

          二、宏观经济管理下区域经济协调发展方式

          (一)宏观经济管理手段及其作用。

          HONGGUANJINGJIGUANLISHOUDUANDESHISHIZHUTIWEIBAOHANGUOJIAXINGZHENGXITONG、GUOJIALIFAXITONG、SIFAXITONGZAINEIDEGUOJIAZHENGFUBUMEN。SHIXINGHONGGUANJINGJIGUANLIDEMUDEZAIYUSHIGUOJIAJINGJIFAZHANBAOCHIPINGHENGYUWENDINGXING,MIBUSHICHANGJINGJIDIAOJIEDEQUEXIANYUJUXIANXING。SHICHANGJINGJIDIAOJIEDEBUZUZHICHUZAIYUZIFAXING、MANGMUXINGYUZHIHOUXING,RUGUODANDUYINGYONGSHICHANGJINGJIDIAOJIE,RONGYIZAOCHENGZIYUANLANGFEI、BUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGDENGWENTI。JIANGHONGGUANDIAOKONGYUSHICHANGDIAOJIEJINXINGYOUXIAOJIEHE,GENGJIAYOULIYUSHIXIANSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIDEPINGHENGYUWENDINGFAZHAN。HONGGUANJINGJIGUANLISHOUDUANJUTIBIAOXIANWEIJINGJISHOUDUAN、FALVSHOUDUANYUXINGZHENGSHOUDUANSANGEFANGMIAN:

          1、经济手段。

          JINGJISHOUDUANSHIYIZHONGJIAOWEICHANGJIANDEZHENGFUHONGGUANJINGJIGUANLISHOUDUAN,NENGGOUFAHUILIANGHAODEDIAOKONGXIAOGUO。ZHUYAOYINGYONGYONGYUYUCHANCHANYEYEJIEJIEGOUGOUDIAODIAOZHENGZHENGYIYIJIJICUCUJINJINZIZIYUANYUANHEHELILIFENFENPEIPEI。。JUJUTITIDIAODIAOKONGKONGCUOCUOSHISHIBAOBAOKUOKUOFAFAXINGXINGGUOGUOZHAIZHAI、、DIAODIAOZHENGZHENGLILILVLV、、FAFAFANGFANGDAIDAIKUANKUANDENGDENGFANGFANGSHISHI,,ZHIZHICHICHIGUOJIAJINGJIXIANGMUJIANSHE,BINGDUIRENMENDEXIAOFEIXINGWEIYUQIYESHENGCHANXINGWEIZUOCHUDIAOZHENG。ZAIQIYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHENGFUBUMENYINGGENJUJIAZHIGUILVHELIYUNYONGHONGGUANDIAOKONGSHOUDUAN,ZHIDINGKEXUEDEZHENGCEYUJIHUA,GENGHAODICUJINQUYUJINGJIDEXIEDIAOFAZHAN。

          2、法律手段。

          FALVSHOUDUANSHIZHENGFUGUIFANSHICHANGJIZHIDEYOUXIAODIAOKONGCUOSHI,KEWEIQUYUJINGJIDEXIEDIAOFAZHANTIGONGFALVBAOZHANG,DUISHICHANGJINGJIFAZHANZHONGGELEIXINGWEIZHUTIJINXINGYUESHU。TONGSHI,CAIQUQIANGZHISHOUDUANYOUXIAOBAOZHENGFALVFAGUIDECHONGFENLUOSHI。BIRU,ZHENDUIYIXIEDIQUJINGJIFAZHANZHONGCUNZAIDEEXINGJINGZHENGYUWEIFAXIANXIANG,TONGGUOZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEFALVFAGUI,DUICILEIXINGWEIJINXINGYUESHU,BINGDUIWEIFAXINGWEIJIAYICHULI,YOULIYUWEICHILIANGHAODESHICHANGHUANJING,GENGHAODIWEIHUGELEIJINGJIZUZHIJISHEHUICHENGYUANDEHEFALIYI。

          3、行政手段。

          XINGZHENGSHOUDUANSHIZHIXINGZHENGJIGOUTONGGUOXIADAMINGLING、ZHIDINGGUIDINGDENGFANGSHIFAHUIJINGJIDIAOJIEZUOYONG,SHIYIZHONGQIANGZHIXINGGUANLICUOSHI。GUANLIFANWEIBAOKUOSHICHANGJINGJIDECANYUZHUTIJIQIXINGWEI。BIRU,ZAIMOUZHONGCHANPINZHILIANGBUHEGEDEQINGKUANGXIA,ZHENGFUKEYITONGGUOXINGZHENGDIAOJIESHOUDUAN,YAOQIUQISHENGCHANSHANGZAIYIDINGSHIJIANFANWEINEIZUOCHUZHENGGAICUOSHI,BINGDUIQIJINXINGWENZEYUFAKUAN。RUSHENGCHANSHANGWEIDADAOGUIDINGDEZHENGGAIXIAOGUO,KEYICAIQUCHAFENGCHULI。XINGZHENGSHOUDUANJUYOUQUANWEIXING、ZONGXIANGXING、WUCHANGXINGHESUXIAOXINGDETEDIAN,ZAIYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONGYAOCHONGFENKAOLVSHICHANGJINGJIFAZHANZHUANGKUANGYUQUYUJINGJIDESHIJIFAZHANQINGKUANG。

          (二)运用宏观经济管理实现区域经济协调发展。

          WEILECUJINQUYUJINGJIDEXIEDIAOFAZHAN,ZHENGFUYINGZAIBUWEIBEISHICHANGGUILVDEQIANTIXIA,GENJUDANGDISHIJIQINGKUANGHELIYINGYONGHONGGUANDIAOKONGSHOUDUAN,DUIZIYUANPEIZHIJINXINGYOUHUA,DADAOCUJINJINGJIKUAISUFAZHANDEMUBIAO。ZAIKAIZHANHONGGUANJINGJIDIAOKONGZHIQIAN,YINGSHIXIANDUIDANGQIANDEJINGJIZHUANGKUANGZUOCHUZHUNQUEPANDUAN,ZHIDINGCHUYOUXIAODEDIAOKONGCUOSHI,TONGSHIYAOYOUXIAOJIEHEJINGJIXINXI,BIMIANCHUXIANJUBUJINGJIHEZHENGTIJINGJICHONGTUDEWENTI。QIZHONG,KEYIYINGYONGYIXIAFANGSHIKAIZHANHONGGUANJINGJIGUANLI,QIDAOXIEDIAOQUYUJINGJIFAZHANDEZUOYONG。

          1、综合运用调控手段。

          ZAIHONGGUANJINGJIDIAOKONGSHOUDUANDEXUANZESHANG,XUYAOZONGHEYUNYONGCAIZHENGZHENGCE、HUOBIZHENGCE、JINRONGZHENGCEYUCHANYEZHENGCE,BINGJIANLIQUYUFAZHANGUIHUA,CAINENGGENGHAODISHIXIANCUJINQUYUJINGJIXIEDIAOFAZHANDEMUBIAO。ZAIDIAOKONGSHOUDUANDEJUTIYINGYONGFANGMIAN,YEYINGGENJUBUTONGDEJINGJIFAZHANQUYUJINXINGHELIXUANZE。LIRU,DUIYUSHICHANGJINGJIJIAOWEIFADADIQUKEYIGENGDUODIXUANYONGHUOBIZHENGCE,NENGGOUZUIDAXIANDUDIFAHUIDIAOJIEZUOYONG。ERDUIYUZHONGXIBUDIQULAISHUO,YOUYUQISHICHANGHUACHENGDUXIANGDUIJIAODI,YINCIZAIJINXINGHONGGUANDIAOKONGSHIYINGJIAQIANGDUICAIZHENGZHENGCEYUCHANYEZHENGCEDEYINGYONG,FAHUIDUIDANGDIGEXINGYEJIQIYEDEZHIJIEYINGXIANG。

          2、促进区域协调与互动。

          QUYUXIEDIAOYUHUDONGJIZHIDEJIANLI,NENGGOUWEIZHENGFUFAHUIHONGGUANJINGJIGUANLIZHINENGTIGONGGENGHAODEBAOZHANG。QUYUXIEDIAOYUHUDONGJIZHIJUTIKEYIBAOKUOSHICHANGJIZHI、HEZUOJIHUZHUJIZHI、FUCHIJIZHIDENG,JIANLISHANGSHUJIZHIGENGYOULIYUCUJINSHENGCHANYAOSUZAIGEDIQUZHIJIANDELIUDONG,YOULIYUCHONGFENSHIXIANZIYUANDEYOUHUAPEIZHI。QUYUXIEDIAOYUHUDONGJIZHIDEGOUJIANGUOCHENGZHONG,SHICHANGJIZHISHIZIYUANPEIZHIGUOCHENGZHONGDEZHONGYAOJICHU,ZHENGFUZAICIJICHUSHANGFAHUIDIAOJIEYINDAODEZUOYONG,SHIXIANGEDIQUYUJINGJIDEYOUSHIHUBUYUGONGTONGFAZHAN。

          3、加强区域利益共享与补偿。

          KAIZHANQUYUJINGJIHEZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,BUTONGDIQUJINGJISHANGCUNZAIXIANGDUIDEYOUSHIYULIESHI,ZAOCHENGQUYULIYIYOULIESHIDIQUZHUANYIZHIYOUSHIDIQU。WEILECUJINQUYUJINGJIDEXIEDIAOFAZHAN,XUYAOCAIYONGXIANGYINGDEHONGGUANJINGJIGUANLICUOSHI,SHIYOUSHIDIQUJIYULIESHIDIQUYIDINGCHENGDUDEBUCHANG,YOULIYUSHIXIANZHANGQIQUYUHEZUO。ZHENGFUYINGJIANLIQUYULIYIGONGXIANGYUBUCHANGJIZHI,DUIQUYUCHANYEFENGONGJINXINGHELIBUJU。

          4、完善管理机构与法律体系。

          ZAIWOGUOQUYUJINGJIDEFAZHANZHONG,ZHENGFUBUMENYINGDUIGUANLIJIGOUJIFALVTIXIZUOCHUBUDUANWANSHAN,TIGAOHONGGUANJINGJIDIAOKONGXIAOGUO。ZAIGUANLIJIGOUSHEZHISHANG,MUQIANZHUYAOBAOKUO“XIBUKAIFABANGONGSHI”、“ZHONGBUJUEQIBANGONGSHI”、“DONGBEIZHENXINGBANGONGSHI”DENG,NENGGOUZAIYIDINGFANWEINEIQIDAOXIEDIAOQUYUJINGJIFAZHANDEZUOYONG,ERNANYIFAHUIGENGDACENGMIANDEXIEDIAOZUOYONG。ZAIGUANLIJIGOUDESHEZHISHANG,HAIKEYISHEZHIQUANGUOXINGQUYUGUANLIJIGOU,GENGJIACHONGFENDIZHANGWOGEQUYUFAZHANBIANHUAJIQUSHI,FAHUIXIEDIAOQUYUFAZHANDEZUOYONG。YUCITONGSHI,YEYAODUIXIANGGUANFALVTIXIJIAYIWANSHAN,QIZHONGYINGBAOHANGUOJIAYUDIFANGLIANGGECENGMIAN,DUIQUYUXIEDIAOFAZHANZUOCHUYOUXIAODEGUIFAN。

          三、小结

          ZAIWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,GUOJIAHONGGUANDIAOKONGDUIYUSHIXIANQUYUJINGJIDEXIEDIAOFAZHANJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。MUQIANCHANGYONGDEHONGGUANDIAOKONGSHOUDUANBAOKUOJINGJISHOUDUAN、FALVSHOUDUANYUXINGZHENGSHOUDUANSANZHONG。ZAIYINGYONGHONGGUANJINGJIDIAOKONGCUOSHISHI,YINGZAIBAWOSHICHANGGUILVYUQUYUJINGJIFAZHANXIANZHUANGDEJICHUSHANG,ZHIDINGHELIDEDIAOZHENGFANGAN。

          参考文献

          [1] 甘立勇.浅议新时代宏观经济调控机制下的区域经济协调发展[J].中文信息,2019(8).
          [2]吕文丽.政府宏观经济管理下的区域经济协调发展[J].商场现代化,2015(17).
          [3]宋莉.浅论政府宏观经济调控下的区域经济增长[J].现代经济信息,2017(4).
          [4] 刘永豪.区域经济在宏观经济管理下的协调发展和思考[J].中国国际财经(中英文),2017(17).
        棋牌大全下载安装   [5]李玉佳.宏观经济管理下的区域经济协调发展与相关思考[J].现代国企研究,2016(20).

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